Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1563
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McElrath Thomas F - - 2009
Traditionally, the investigation of preterm birth has relied on diagnostic definitions derived from maternal clinical presentation. However, clinical presentation may be only tangentially related to the underlying etiology of a disease. The utilization of data derived directly from the intrauterine or maternal systemic environment would be invaluable in consideration of ...
Eifinger Frank - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Thoracostomy tubes are widely used in neonatology. Complications occurred significantly more frequently in infants, especially neonates, than in adults. Principally, the access is the modified Buelau position which takes place in the anterior axillary line at the 4th or 5th intercostal space above the margin of the ribs. AIM: ...
Ramachandrappa Ashwin - - 2009
"Late preterm" birth is not such an unusual occurrence; in fact these infants were the first group of premature infants who pediatricians learned to treat, and did so with such remarkable success that physicians no longer consider them to be of high risk. So, why the sudden interest in this ...
Pulver Laurie S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infant mortality is higher than that for term newborns. The association between weight for gestational age (WGA) category and late preterm mortality has not been well described. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives for this research were as follows: (1) to compare neonatal and infant mortality rates of SGA, AGA, ...
Khanal S - - 2009
The aim of the study was to find out the neonatal outcome of infants born with history of preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) and to compare with infants born without history of PPROM. It was a retrospective study that included 187 preterm newborn with history of PPROM admitted in ...
Stephens Bonnie E - - 2009
Advances in antenatal medicine and neonatal intensive care have successfully resulted in improved survival rates of preterm infants. These improvements have been most dramatic in infants born extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <or=1000 g) and at the limits of viability (22 to 25 weeks). But improvements in survival have not ...
Lang Christopher T - - 2009
Complications of prematurity surpass congenital malformations as the leading cause of infant mortality in the United States. Since 1990, there has been a steady rise in preterm birth, alarming health professionals from all disciplines. This review from a prenatal perspective confirms those concerns and describes the risks and opportunities that ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2009
Relative maturation of peripheral and central regions of the neonatal brainstem was studied using brainstem auditory evoked responses in 174 healthy preterm infants (gestational age 30-36 wk). From 30- to 42-wk postconceptional age (PCA), I-III and III-V intervals shortened with increasing age. It was difficult to detect any apparent differences ...
Verklan M Terese - - 2009
Health care providers have recently recognized that a large segment of the morbidity associated with preterm birth is disproportionately due to the late preterm infant (LPI). One explanation is that this population is the fastest-growing sector of all preterm births. This article describes the epidemiology and etiology of the LPI, ...
Heimonen Aura - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies on the association between oral inflammation and preterm birth limited the inflammation source to periodontal disease. This might have caused an underestimation of the total inflammatory burden from the oral cavity. METHODS: We conducted a postpartum cross-sectional study of 328 Finnish women with singleton births, of whom ...
Baker Christopher D - - 2009
Preterm birth and hyperoxic exposure increase the risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease characterized by impaired vascular and alveolar growth. Endothelial progenitor cells, such as self-renewing highly proliferative endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), may participate in vascular repair. The effect of hyperoxia on ECFC growth is unknown. We ...
Wu Jun-Ho - - 2009
Aim:  Reference ranges of haematological parameters in preterm infants are limited. The aim of this study is to determine the reference values of haematological parameters in preterm infants in Taiwan, and to assess the impact of gestational age and mode of delivery on these parameters. Method:  Medical records were retrospectively ...
Leijser L M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess for lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) on cranial ultrasound (cUS) scans of very preterm infants: incidence and aetiology, evolution during neonatal period, association with clinical parameters, and MRI equivalent. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal referral centre. PATIENTS: Very preterm infants (<32 weeks) underwent sequential cUS throughout the neonatal ...
Cobo Teresa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess proteomic biomarkers and interleukin-6 alone or in combination to predict intraamniotic infection, preterm birth, and neonatal morbidity in preterm labor with intact membranes. STUDY DESIGN: Amniotic fluid interleukin-6 and selected proteomic biomarkers were assayed from 86 patients with preterm labor and intact membranes (22-36 weeks). The predictive ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of preterm births in pregnant women with lower genital tract infection, i.e. vulvovaginitis-bacterial vaginosis and to check their prevention by drug treatments in the usual clinical practice. METHOD: The rate of preterm birth of pregnant women with or without lower genital tract infection was evaluated ...
Siddiqi A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Amikacin is a commonly-prescribed drug used for the empirical treatment of bacterial infections in neonates. A marked change in the pharmacokinetics of amikacin has been reported during neonatal life. Amikacin has a very narrow therapeutic range and can cause very serious side effects such as nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity. The ...
Héon Marjolaine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: During the neonatal period, nutrition has a crucial impact on preterm infants' survival, growth and development. Current nutritional practices for preterm infants often fail to meet their nutritional needs and thus have potential adverse consequences for their growth and development. Hindmilk represents a promising avenue to manage this nutritional ...
Fernandez E F EF Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA. - - 2009
Cortisol release in the face of illness or stress is vital for survival. Relative adrenal insufficiency occurs when a patient's cortisol response is inadequate for the degree of illness or stress. Numerous studies have documented the existence of relative adrenal insufficiency in critically ill adults, and its association with increased ...
Peoples John Denton - - 2009
We compared lymphocyte subsets and cytokine responses to bacteria among term, preterm infants, and adults. Lymphocyte subset percentages in cord blood (22 preterm, 27 term neonates) and peripheral blood from 21 adults and cytokine/chemokine interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, interferon gamma (IFN gamma) responses to Escherichia coli, group B Streptococcus ...
Tzarouchi L C - - 2009
Grey matter (GM) maturation has not been previously studied in healthy preterm children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the age dependency of GM development in 116 GM areas in preterm subjects. Sixty one preterm infants (corrected age: 13.7+/-9.92 months, gestational age: 33.4+/-1.9 weeks) with normal structural appearance ...
Campeotto Florence - - 2009
This study aimed to determine cutoff levels for fecal calprotectin as a marker of intestinal distress in preterm neonates. A total of 126 infants born at a median gestational age of 33 weeks (range 25.7-35 weeks) were enrolled. Samples (n = 312) were collected weekly from the end of the ...
Nassi Niccolò - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although oxidative stress-related diseases mostly affect neonates with extremely low birthweight, healthy preterm newborns might also be at risk of oxidative damages. The aim of the present study was to verify this possibility. METHODS: Urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), plasma and erythrocyte concentrations ...
Morse Steven Benjamin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Late preterm infants represent a significant portion of preterm deliveries. Until recently, these infants have received little attention because of assumptions that they carry minimal risk for long-term morbidities. The purpose of this study was to compare prekindergarten and kindergarten outcomes among healthy late preterm infants, 34 0/7 to ...
Jayasooriya G S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in the developed world, making a huge impact on healthcare costs. There is accumulating evidence that the prophylactic use of progestagens is able to reduce significantly the incidence of low birth weight and preterm birth. OBJECTIVES: to emphasise ...
Proytcheva Maria A - - 2009
Hematologic values in neonates differ significantly from those in older children and adults. Quantitative and qualitative differences are present as a reflection of the developmental changes during fetal hematopoiesis and, so, correlate with gestational age. At birth, the hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, and WBC counts of term newborns are significantly ...
da Fonseca Eduardo B - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes the evidence of the effectiveness of progesterone on the rate of preterm birth and evaluates the most recent studies. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of preterm delivery is about 7-11% of all pregnant women and preterm birth is one of the most important causes of ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2009
Our understanding of pathophysiology of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in preterm infants remains very limited. We studied the amplitudes of brainstem auditory evoked response, recorded with 91-910/s clicks, at term in preterm infants after perinatal HI for functional status of the auditory brainstem. Compared with age-matched healthy preterm infants, the preterm ...
Ishiguro Akio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Late preterm infants are often managed in nursery rooms despite the risks associated with prematurity. The objective of this study was to determine the risks facing late preterm infants admitted to nursery rooms and to establish a management strategy. METHODS: A total of 210 late preterm infants and 2648 ...
Henderson Zsakeba T - - 2009
We sought to describe current attitudes and practices of obstetrician-gynecologists regarding use of progesterone and prevention of preterm birth. A self-administered survey was mailed to American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Fellows and Junior Fellows in Practice in March to May 2007. The survey consisted of 36 questions, including respondents' ...
Joyce Erinn M - - 2009
Annually, premature birth is a major public health problem accounting for over 13,000 deaths and 30,000 surviving infants with life-long morbidity. Preterm premature rupture of the membranes is the initiating event leading to preterm birth of 40% of these premature infants. Fetal membrane (FM) rupture is a catastrophic tissue failure, ...
Tombini M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) recordings in preterm infants to monitor the intra-uterine and extrauterine maturation of somatosensory pathways. METHODS: We performed SEPs in 35 neurologically normal preterm babies (range 23-35 weeks gestational age--GA). Twenty-four of all infants were evaluated after the first 2 weeks ...
Laughon S Katherine - - 2009
We investigated whether abnormal concentrations of first-trimester free-beta subunit human chorionic gonadotropin (fsshCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) are associated with preterm delivery in twin gestations. This was a hospital-based, retrospective study of 70 twin gestations between 11 (1)/ (7) and 13 (6)/ (7) weeks' gestation undergoing first-trimester screening. ...
Spinillo Arsenio - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the effect of the interaction between fetal sex and obstetric variables on the risk of neurodevelopmental impairment among preterm infants. METHOD: A cohort study of 394 male and 360 female surviving infants born at 24 to 33 completed weeks of gestational age. Neurological examination and cognitive assessment ...
Dempsey E M - - 2009
A large proportion of very preterm infants receive treatment for hypotension. The definition of hypotension is unclear, and, currently, there is no evidence that treating it improves outcomes or, indeed, which treatment to choose among the available alternatives. Assessment of circulatory adequacy of the preterm infant requires a careful clinical ...
te Pas Arjan B - - 2009
There is limited data describing how preterm and term infants breathe spontaneously immediately after birth. We studied spontaneously breathing infants >or=29 wk immediately after birth. Airway flow and tidal volume were measured for 90 s using a hot wire anemometer attached to a facemask. Twelve preterm and 13 term infants ...
Lavoie P M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the temporal relationship between early enteral nutrition (EN) and coagulase-negative staphylococcal (CoNS)-related late-onset bacteremia (LOB) in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Multivariate analyses performed on a large retrospective cohort of neonates admitted to a tertiary care neonatal unit. RESULTS: Due to the predominance and ...
How Helen Y - - 2009
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity and long-term disability of non-anomalous infants. Previous studies have identified a prior early spontaneous preterm birth as the risk factor with the highest predictive value for recurrence. Two recent double blind randomized placebo controlled trials reported lower preterm birth ...
Subapriya Kandasamy - - 2009
This prospective case-control study was carried out in patients admitted in Government Lady Goschen Hospital, Mangalore to study the risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth after 28 weeks and its neonatal outcome when compared with term birth. One hundred women who were admitted in labour of gestational age 28 ...
McLaurin Kimmie K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Late-preterm infants are known to have greater morbidity and costs compared with term infants during the neonatal period, but less is known about whether these differences continue beyond this period. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the most common causes and costs of rehospitalization and other ...
Mangham Lindsay J LJ National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, England. - - 2009
Infants born preterm are at increased risk of adverse health and developmental outcomes. Mortality and morbidity after preterm birth impose a burden on finite public sector resources. This study considers the economic consequences of preterm birth from birth to adult life and compares the costs accruing to those born preterm ...
Whittaker A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Little is known about exposure of preterm infants to excipients during routine clinical care. OBJECTIVE: To document excipient exposure in vulnerable preterm babies in a single centre, taking into account chronic lung disease (CLD) as a marker of illness severity. DESIGN: Excipient exposure after treatment with eight oral liquid ...
Lubow Jeffrey M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the indications for late preterm birth and compare outcomes by gestational age among late preterm (34-36 weeks) and term (> or = 37 weeks) neonates at our institution. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of delivery indications and short-term neonatal ...
Lohsoonthorn Vitool - - 2009
Several studies have suggested an association between maternal periodontal disease and preterm delivery, but this has not been a consistent finding. In 2006-2007, the authors examined the relation between maternal periodontal disease and preterm delivery among 467 pregnant Thai women who delivered a preterm singleton infant (<37 weeks' gestation) and ...
Lindström Karolina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of infants born preterm survive into adulthood. Previous studies have reported increased levels of neurologic and cognitive disabilities in these children. In this study, we analyzed the effect of having been born preterm on psychiatric morbidity. METHODS: A Swedish national cohort of 545628 individuals born in 1973-1979 ...
Kase Jordan S - - 2009
AIMS: To identify associations between reactive airway disease (RAD), eczema, and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) and antenatal/neonatal variables. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational cohort analysis of former preterm (PT) infants evaluated at the Regional Neonatal Follow-up Program in the Lower Hudson Valley Region of New York. Subjects <2 years evaluated ...
Ko Chun Hay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that a low antioxidant level in preterm infants may predispose them to increased oxidative stress and results in hyperbilirubinemia, whereas glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity was found to be higher in preterm infants than in term infants. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate (1) the oxidative effect of alpha-naphthol on ...
Meloni Alessandra - - 2009
Preterm birth is still the major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity despite major improvements in neonatal care in the developed countries. Among survivors, the risk of severe consequences is inversely related to the gestational age at delivery. Appropriate antenatal intervention should delay delivery long enough to reduce perinatal consequences ...
Salminen Annamari - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein (SP) C has been shown to be expressed also outside pulmonary alveoli. Certain SP-C gene (SFTPC) polymorphisms associate with lung diseases and very preterm birth. AIMS: We investigated the association of SFTPC single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4715 with factors affecting spontaneous preterm birth and characterized the SP-C ...
Beeckman Katrien - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth is an important indicator of neonatal wellbeing. Infants born preterm are at higher risk for severe morbidity and mortality. Apart from medical risk factors, social factors are also associated with preterm birth. This study aims to provide knowledge on factors which have a predictive role in relation ...
Darcy Ashley E - - 2009
One of the goals of Healthy People 2010 (set in 1998) was to reduce preterm birthrates from 11.6% to 7.6%. However, in 2004, the preterm birthrate of 12.5% was actually higher than the rate in 1998. Approximately 65% of this increase in prematurity rate is attributed to the increasing birthrate ...
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