Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1563
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Vento M?ximo - - 2009
Antenatal steroids have improved the survival of preterm infants; however, the mechanism of action is not fully understood. We aimed to establish an association between antenatal steroids and antioxidant activity and postnatal oxidative stress. In a prospective cohort study, extremely preterm neonates receiving antenatal steroids (CORT) or not (NOCORT) were ...
Wessels Ronni - - 2009
Shoulder dislocation in a preterm infant is very rare. We report a case of a preterm infant, with gestational age of 25 2/7 weeks and birth weight of 910 g, with anterior shoulder dislocation after breech delivery. The infant was successfully treated with closed reduction. In general, long-term outcome of ...
van den Broek Nynke R - - 2009
Premature birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in both high- and low-income countries. The causes of preterm labour are multiple but infection is important. We have previously described an unusually high incidence of preterm birth (20%) in an ultrasound-dated, rural, pregnant population in Southern Malawi with ...
Myers Eliza E Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 208064, New Haven, CT 06520-8064, - - 2009
Preterm birth has been defined as one of the major public health problems of this decade, preterm neonates being at high risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities. As preterm survival rates increase, the next great imperative for perinatal medicine is to understand and prevent the serious adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm birth. ...
Iman Safaa S - - 2009
The aim of this study is to evaluate Protein Z (PTZ) and protein C (PTC) levels in newborns suffering from RDS, healthy preterm and full term newborns and to compare PTZ serum levels in RDS preterm infants with healthy preterm before and after recovery. Sixty newborn infants, recruited from the ...
Mortensen Laust H LH National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2010
In this paper, we examine income- and education-related inequality in small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth in Denmark and Finland from 1987 to 2003 using concentration indexes (CIXs). From the national medical birth registries we gathered information on all births from 1987 to 2003. Information on highest completed maternal education ...
Witcombe Nicole B - - 2010
Dramatic changes in cardiovascular control occur in sleep during infancy, when sleep time is at a lifetime maximum. In infants born preterm there are significant cardiovascular complications later in life, and also an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), possibly a result of inadequate compensation to a cardiorespiratory ...
Been Jasper V - - 2009
Previous studies suggest postnatal blood pressure in preterm infants to be decreased by chorioamnionitis and increased by antenatal steroids (AS). We examined the adjusted effects of both antenatal modulators on postnatal blood pressure (BP), with separate effects reported for histologic chorioamnionitis with or without fetal involvement and timing of AS. ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2010
AIMS: We analyzed the association between previous induced abortions and risk of preterm birth. METHODS: This was a case-control study. Cases were 502 women who delivered preterm babies at the Clinica Luigi Mangiagalli and the Obstetric and Gynecology Clinic of the University of Verona. Controls were 1,966 women who gave ...
Massaro Giulia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate whether a high concentration of interleukin-6 (IL)-6 in the amniotic fluid is associated to a higher risk of preterm delivery, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants; we have further investigated whether the levels of ...
Vogel Ida - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Circulating relaxin levels have repeatedly been associated with preterm birth (PTB). Our aim was to investigate if mothers carrying promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in one of the three relaxin genes (RLN1, RLN2, RLN3) are predisposed for PTB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Maternal DNA from 80 preterm cases (40 very ...
Punyawattanaporn Achara - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pupillary response to a single drop and three drops of a combination of eye drops (0.2% cyclopentolate and 1.0% phenylephrine) in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective comparative study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Preterm infants scheduled to undergo their first retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening in the Neonatal Intensive ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2009
The U.S. late preterm birth rate rose 20% from 1990 to 2006. If the late preterm rate had not risen from the 1990 level, more than 50,000 fewer infants would have been delivered late preterm in 2006. On average, more than 900 late preterm babies are born every day in ...
Buyukkayhan Derya D Department of Neonatology, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey. - - 2009
To assess the effect of antenatal betamethasone use on adrenal gland size and adrenal hormones in preterm neonates who had gestational ages of 27-36 weeks. Sixty-six neonates divided into two groups: betamethasone group, whose mothers received betamethasone 12 mg two times 24 h apart, and no betamethasone group, whose mothers ...
Roggero Paola - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the effects of three different parenteral lipid emulsions (long-chain triacylglycerols, medium-chain/long-chain triacylglycerols, olive oil) on lipid peroxidation in preterm infants. The hypothesis to be tested was that preterm infants receiving the olive oil-based lipid emulsion would undergo less peroxidation than preterm infants receiving lipid emulsions based on ...
Rasch S S Department of Human Nutrition, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, - - 2010
Preterm infants have difficulty in attaining independent oral feeding. This can ensue from inadequate sucking, swallowing and/or respiration. In impeding bolus transport, immature oesophageal motility may also be a cause. As studies on the development of oesophageal motility are invasive in preterm infants, the preterm piglet was investigated as a ...
Little Julian - - 2009
Preterm birth is an important public health problem. A wide range of risk factors has been investigated, of which the strongest established is a woman's previous history of preterm birth. In this issue of the Journal, Boyd et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2009;170(11):1358-1364) and Svensson et al. (Am J Epidemiol. ...
Arichi T T Division of Clinical Sciences, Imperial College London, and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2010
Functional MRI (fMRI) has not previously been used systematically to investigate brain function in preterm infants. We here describe statistically robust and reproducible fMRI results in this challenging subject group using a programmable somatosensory stimulus synchronized with MR image acquisition which induced well-localized positive blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) responses ...
Sorensen Line Caroe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare cerebral oxygenation in preterm newborns with that in healthy term newborns. METHODS: Forty-six preterm newborns with gestational ages of <33 weeks and 25 healthy term newborns were included. The cerebral tissue oxygenation index (c-TOI) was measured by using near-infrared spectroscopy in clinical steady state ...
Nadeem Montasser - - 2010
Base deficit and serum lactate concentrations may be important prognostic indicators in preterm infants. We sought to (1) determine the relationship between day 1 serum lactate values and base deficit and (2) determine the relationship between day 1 biochemical parameters and adverse outcome in preterm infants <32 weeks. This was ...
Kerkhof Gerthe F - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Preterm birth has been associated with reduced reproduction rates and being born small for gestational age (SGA) with reduced gonadal function. We hypothesized that alterations concerning gonadal function in young men are not due to preterm birth or being born SGA, but are due to other (environmental) factors. METHODS: ...
Mella Maria Teresa - - 2009
The cervix has to open to allow vaginal birth. Ultrasound has now shown that this lower part of the uterus begins to show changes weeks before eventual birth. Only transvaginal ultrasound should be used to evaluate the cervix for prediction of preterm birth (PTB). The shortest best cervical length (CL) ...
Wu Hui-Chung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is associated with preterm delivery and with neonatal morbidity and mortality. Because HCA is usually subclinical, histologic examination of the placenta is essential for confirmatory diagnosis. In the present study, the correlations between subclinical HCA and relevant clinical and laboratory parameters were analyzed. METHODS: This was ...
Peng Niang-Huei - - 2009
Although research has demonstrated that the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful environment for preterm and high-risk infants, little research validates the suspected relationships between infant biobehavioral responses and environmental stress in the NICU. This exploratory study examined the relationship between environmental stress and biobehavioral responses of preterm ...
Hack Maureen - - 2009
The survivors of the initial years of neonatal intensive care of preterm infants reached adulthood during the last decade. Reports of their adult outcomes examined have included neurodevelopmental, behavioral and health outcomes as well as social functioning and reproduction. Despite statistically significant differences between preterm young adults and controls in ...
Mancuso Melissa S - - 2009
In an attempt to prevent preterm birth, clinicians have recommended cerclage for women with shortened cervical length and other worrisome sonographic cervical features in the mid-trimester, although randomized trials have not supported this practice. Emerging data suggest that preterm birth is a complex and poorly understood syndrome comprising several anatomic ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2010
Most previous studies of maternal cytokines and preterm birth have analyzed immunologic biomarkers after the onset of labor or membrane rupture; fewer have examined the systemic (blood) immune response prior to labor onset. We carried out a case-control study nested in a large (n=5337) prospective, multi-center cohort. Cohort women had ...
Beck Stacy - - 2010
To analyse preterm birth rates worldwide to assess the incidence of this public health problem, map the regional distribution of preterm births and gain insight into existing assessment strategies. Data on preterm birth rates worldwide were extracted during a previous systematic review of published and unpublished data on maternal mortality ...
Vlaardingerbroek Hester - - 2009
Postnatal nutrition has a large impact on long-term outcome of preterm infants. Evidence is accumulating showing even a relationship between nutrient supply in the first week of life and later cognitive development in extremely low birth weight infants. Since enteral nutrition is often not tolerated following birth, parenteral nutrition is ...
Flynn Priscilla M - - 2011
We investigated the effect of indicators of acculturation among Somali refugee women's birth outcomes. Data were extracted from medical records of 584 Somali women delivering infants at a Midwestern hospital between 1993 and 2006. Bivariate analyses measured relationships between independent factors and the dependent variables of gestational age and birthweight. ...
Gubhaju Lina - - 2009
Nephrogenesis occurs predominantly in late gestation at a time when preterm infants are already delivered. The aims of this study were to assess the effect of preterm birth and the effect of antenatal glucocorticoid treatment on nephrogenesis. Preterm baboons, which were delivered at 125 days gestation and ventilated for up ...
Guarini Annalisa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Since preterm birth is associated with a constellation of pre-, peri- and post-natal risk factors, we hypothesised that prematurity may continue to impact the development of linguistic abilities even up to the end of the preschool years and beyond, giving rise to an atypical developmental trajectory. The study tested ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2009
Hypoxia-ischemia is a major perinatal problem that results in severe damage to the newborn brain. This study assessed functional integrity of the brainstem at term in preterm infants after perinatal hypoxia-ischemia to shed light on the influence of hypoxia-ischemia on the preterm brainstem. We recruited sixty-eight preterm infants after perinatal ...
Welzing L - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate intubating conditions, extubation times and outcome in preterm infants receiving remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. METHODS: In twenty-one preterm infants of 29 to 32 weeks gestation and signs of respiratory distress, we utilized remifentanil as induction agent for the INSURE procedure. Following intubation and ...
Darrow Lyndsey A LA Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. - - 2009
An emerging body of evidence suggests that ambient levels of air pollution during pregnancy are associated with preterm birth. To further investigate these relationships we used vital record data to construct a retrospective cohort of 476,489 births occurring between 1994 and 2004 in 5 central counties of metropolitan Atlanta. Using ...
Norman Jane E JE University of Edinburgh Centre for Reproductive Biology, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2009
Rates of preterm birth are rising worldwide. Studies from the United States and Latin America suggest that much of this rise relates to increased rates of medically indicated preterm birth. In contrast, European and Australian data suggest that increases in spontaneous preterm labour also play a role. We aimed, in ...
Melamed Nir - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of gestational age on short-term neonatal morbidity in cases of spontaneous, low-risk singleton late preterm deliveries and to identify predictors of adverse neonatal outcome. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all spontaneous, low-risk late preterm deliveries (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks of gestation) ...
Mateus Julio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine gestational age-specific neonatal outcomes of late preterm infants delivered as a consequence of premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of infants born to women delivered electively due to preterm PROM between 34(0/7) and 36(6/7) weeks of gestation. Neonatal outcomes were compared between those delivered ...
Grisaru-Granovsky Sorina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The interpregnancy interval (IPI) has been reported to influence the outcome of pregnancy and birth. We performed a national study in Israel to determine the impact of IPI on multiple adverse perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This longitudinal cohort study used birth certificates of siblings born to the same biological ...
Kitsommart Ratchada - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of major morbidities and mortality of inborn, late-preterm infants. Methods. A retrospective review was conducted from 2004 to 2008. Descriptive outcomes were compared with predefined aggregate outcomes of term infants during the same period. RESULTS: Data on 1193 late-preterm and 8666 term infants were compared. ...
Zhang Qiaoyi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of maternal anaemia in preterm birth remains poorly defined, and the association between anaemia and preterm birth clinical subtypes remain unclear. We examined if maternal anaemia exposure both within and across trimesters during gestation is associated with preterm birth. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data ...
Giurgescu Carmen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the evidence related to the relationship between maternal cortisol levels and preterm birth. DATA SOURCES: A search of Medline, PubMed, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature was conducted using the keywords preterm birth, preterm delivery, premature birth, and cortisol. STUDY SELECTION: Fifteen studies published ...
Maramreddy Hima - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the care of neonates with gastroschisis, patients present with significant morbidities. Preterm delivery of neonates with gastroschisis is often advocated to avoid the intestinal damage that may be sustained with prolonged exposure to amniotic fluid. However, preterm delivery may impose additional morbidities to this disease process. ...
Manuck Tracy A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess contemporary outcomes in expectantly managed preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) before 24 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We analyzed all patients with singleton pregnancies and preterm PROM before 24 weeks of gestation from 2001 to 2007. Patients immediately electing delivery, delivering within 12 hours of preterm PROM, ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2009
Selective study participation can theoretically lead to selection bias. We explored this issue in the context of a multicentre cohort study of socio-economic disparities in preterm birth. Women with singleton pregnancies were recruited from four large Montreal maternity hospitals and invited to return for an interview, vaginal examination and venepuncture ...
Reddy Uma M - - 2009
The rate of preterm births has been increasing in the United States, especially for births 34 to 36 weeks of gestation (late preterm), which now constitute 71% of all preterm births. The causes for these trends remain unclear. We characterized the delivery indications for late preterm births and their potential ...
Ozkan Hilal - - 2009
Pleural empyema is defined as the pyogenic infection of the pleural space with purulent effusion. Although it is frequently seen in children and therapy protocols have been developed for it, there are only a few reports about pleural empyema in newborn infants. To our knowledge, just one preterm infant has ...
Massaro Giulia - - 2009
Objective. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a high concentration of interleukin-6 (IL)-6 in the amniotic fluid is associated to a higher risk of preterm delivery, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and periventricular leucomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants; we have further investigated whether the levels of ...
Blondel B B INSERM, UMR S953, Epidemiological Research Unit on Perinatal and Women's and Infant's Health, Paris, France. - - 2009
To study the impact of the organisation of obstetric services on the regionalisation of care for very preterm births. Cohort study. Ten European regions covering 490 000 live births. All children born in 2003 between 24 and 31 weeks of gestation. The rate of specialised maternity units per 10 000 ...
Newnham C A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stress experiences, while pervasive, are less likely than painful experiences to be managed in still-hospitalised preterm infants. AIM: We aimed to quantify the severity of common stressors for preterm infants with a view to providing a tool to manage presumed accumulated infant stress. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Seventeen doctors and ...
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