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Results 201 - 250 of 1559
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O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2010
We reviewed videos of 61 extremely preterm infants taken immediately after birth. The majority cried (69%) and breathed (80%) without intervention. Most preterm infants are not apneic at birth.
Vatish M - - 2010
Preterm delivery is the primary cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Labour at term occurs as a culmination of maturational events in both the fetus and maternal uterus. This process exhibits diurnal variation, with the onset of labour being more common at night. We have confirmed that this diurnal ...
Kasper David C - - 2010
Ureaplasma spp. are the most frequently isolated microorganisms inside the amniotic cavity and have been associated with spontaneous abortion, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and preterm labor (PL). We analyzed 118 samples from amniotic fluid of preterm infants before 34 weeks of gestation by quantitative polymerase chain reaction ...
Ogilvy-Stuart A L - - 2010
In the fetus, the predominant energy supply is glucose transported across the placenta from the mother. As pregnancy progresses, the amount of glucose transported increases, with glycogen and fat stores being laid down, principally in the third trimester. In the well-term baby, there is hormonal and metabolic adaptation in the ...
Guimar?es Alessandra Neves - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite previous studies addressing the link between preterm or low birth weight infants and maternal periodontitis, extreme preterm births have received far less attention. This study is designed to address the possible association between maternal periodontal disease and preterm or extreme preterm birth. METHODS: Immediately after childbirth, 1,207 women ...
Supcun Sirma - - 2010
Caffeine improves the rate of survival without neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants. The mechanisms underlying neuroprotection are incompletely understood. In 51 preterm infants studied by amplitude-integrated electroencephalography from 2 hours before to 2 hours after intravenous caffeine administration, we found that caffeine increases amplitudes and periods of continuity.
Dolan Siobhan M - - 2010
The preterm birth rate exceeds 12% in the United States, and preterm birth continues to be a clinical and public health challenge globally. Even though preterm birth is a major contributor to infant mortality and lifelong morbidity, there are few effective strategies to predict preterm birth and few clinical interventions ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal cervical incompetence in pregnancy (CIP) showed an association with a higher rate of preterm births. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of CIP in Hungarian pregnant women, to determine the rate of preterm birth, and to check the preventive efficacy of preterm births due ...
Wise Lauren A - - 2010
Studies of the association of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and preterm birth have been inconclusive, and no studies have examined the effect of central adiposity on risk. There is also uncertainty about optimal gestational weight gain among Black women. Using self-reported prospective data from the Black Women's Health Study, ...
Alhaj Amel M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and to identify risk factors for live singleton preterm birth in Omdurman Maternity hospital, Sudan. METHODS: Case-control study. Odds ratios were adjusted for the confounding factors using multiple logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among 3240 live birth at maternity hospital during the 3 months period of ...
van der Schoor Sophie R D - - 2010
Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid for very low-birth weight infants by virtue of its ability to play an important role in several key metabolic processes of immune cells and enterocytes. Although glutamine is known to be used to a great extent, the exact splanchnic metabolism in enterally fed ...
Skiöld Béatrice - - 2010
AIM: To investigate cerebral white matter (WM) abnormalities (J Pediatr 2003; 143: 171) and diffuse and excessive high signal intensities (DEHSI), (J Pediatr 1999; 135: 351) in a cohort of extremely preterm infants born in Stockholm during a 3-year period, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). ...
Jobe Alan H - - 2010
The increased survival of very preterm infants is generally attributed to improved care strategies. This review develops the thesis that the features of abnormal pregnancies responsible for very preterm deliveries also provide an explanation of why very preterm infants often survive. A normal fetus born at 24 weeks is very ...
Krueger Charlene - - 2010
The mother's voice, along with other developmentally appropriate sensory events (ie, touch, light, smells), stimulates maturation of the sensory systems and helps shape normal fetal development. While vast changes in the neonatal intensive care unit have occurred over the last 2 decades, little research has addressed the loss of exposure ...
Vigod S N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although much is known about the risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD), the role of giving birth to a preterm or low-birth-weight infant has not been reviewed systematically. OBJECTIVE: To review systematically the prevalence and risk factors for PPD among women with preterm infants. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, ...
Côté Aurore - - 2010
Sudden unexpected death is one of the most frequent ways of dying in the first year of life after the neonatal period. It is however, much less frequent after the first birthday. Investigations into the cause of death are very important, for a significant proportion of these sudden deaths can ...
Klein Nicola P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The antigen-specific T cell responses of preterm infants to immunization are not well understood. The aim of the present study was to compare the T cell responses of preterm infants after inactivated poliovirus vaccination with those of term infants. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 2-month-old preterm (gestational age, 33 weeks) ...
Hoyme U B - - 2010
Abnormal vaginal flora as well as bacterial vaginosis have a significant relative risk for miscarriage or preterm birth of 1.4-6.9. In the initial Erfurt trial, 0.3% of the neonates with gestational age <32+0 weeks were seen in an intervention group vs. 3.3% (p < 0.01) in the control group; in ...
Krauss-Silva Leticia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous preterm deliveries that occur before the 34th week of gestation, and particularly before the 32nd week of gestation, have been strongly associated to intrauterine infection, ascending from vagina, and represent the largest portion of neonatal deaths and neurological problems. Bacterial vaginosis, characterized by a diminished or absent flora ...
Rougé Carole - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fecal calprotectin has been proposed as a non-invasive marker of intestinal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease in adults and children. Fecal calprotectin levels have been reported to be much higher in both healthy full-term and preterm infants than in children and adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine the time course of ...
Rückinger Simon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Evidence for protection of preterm born infants from invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) by 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination (PCV7) is relatively sparse. Data from randomized trials is based on relatively small numbers of preterm born children. METHODS: We report data from active prospective surveillance of IPD in children in Germany. ...
Lee Hyun Ju - - 2010
The use of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is increasing during the neonatal intensive care of preterm infants. This prospective study was designed to assess factors that affect the maturation of aEEG activity in preterm infants with a gestational age (GA) of <32 weeks. aEEGs with cerebral function monitoring were performed weekly ...
Lapillonne Alexandre - - 2010
Very preterm infants are particularly susceptible to nutrient deficiencies. Although a lot of attention has been focused on the early nutrient supply, they are at high risk of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency. To estimate docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake, the metabolizable (i.e. absorbed) DHA, the DHA available for accretion and ...
Silveira Mariângela F - - 2010
Prematurity is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and a global health problem that affects high, middle and low-income countries. Several factors may increase the risk of preterm birth. In this article, we test the hypothesis that different risk factors determine preterm birth in different income groups by investigating whether ...
Cheng Ching-Lan - - 2010
PURPOSE: Incorrect dosage was the most common type of medication errors in neonate patients. Different dosing recommendations from common reference sources may have contributed to the errors. This study assesses the compliance rate with the common reference sources in antibiotic dosage prescribed for preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the survival rates and neurosensory outcomes of infants born at gestational age 22-27 weeks in the state of Victoria in 2005 and compare theses data with those for similar infants born in the 1990s. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based study of all extremely preterm (22-27 weeks' ...
Conde Crystal - - 2010
Physicians are working to reduce preterm birth and its devastating consequences. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists calls the prevention of preterm births, including late preterm deliveries, a public health priority. TMA's House of Delegates adopted a recommendation in 2009 to support the prevention of iatrogenic prematurity (caused by ...
Agostoni C - - 2010
The number of surviving children born prematurely has increased substantially during the last 2 decades. The major goal of enteral nutrient supply to these infants is to achieve growth similar to foetal growth coupled with satisfactory functional development. The accumulation of knowledge since the previous guideline on nutrition of preterm ...
Yuan Wei - - 2010
Preterm birth remains a major public health problem and its incidence worldwide is increasing. Epidemiological risk factors have been investigated in the past, but there is a need for a better understanding of the causes of preterm birth in well defined obstetric populations in tertiary referral centres; it is important ...
Burguet Antoine - - 2010
We describe the administration of antenatal corticosteroid therapy (ACT) for liveborn very preterm neonates in a population-based study. A total of 790 very preterm neonates (between 24 and 31 full weeks of gestation) were included in this regionally defined population of very preterm neonates in France. The main outcome measure ...
Askie Lisa M - - 2010
Preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation are at significant risk of both pulmonary and cerebral injury. Inhaled Nitric Oxide, an effective therapy for pulmonary hypertension and hypoxic respiratory failure in the full term infant, has also been studied in preterm infants. The most recent Cochrane review of preterm infants includes 11 ...
Moonen Rob M J - - 2010
A C-to-A nucleotide transversion (T1405N) in the gene that encodes carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1) has been associated with changes in plasma concentrations of L-arginine in term and near term infants but not in adults. In preterm infants homozygosity for the CPS1 Thr1405 variant (CC genotype) was associated with an increased ...
Barros Fernando C - - 2010
Interventions directed toward mothers before and during pregnancy and childbirth may help reduce preterm births and stillbirths. Survival of preterm newborns may also be improved with interventions given during these times or soon after birth. This comprehensive review assesses existing interventions for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Approximately 2,000 intervention ...
Passini Renato R - - 2010
The occurrence of preterm birth remains a complex public health condition. It is considered the main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, resulting in a high likelihood of sequelae in surviving children. With variable incidence in several countries, it has grown markedly in the last decades. In Brazil, however, there ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2010
Preterm birth continues to provide an enormous challenge in the delivery of perinatal health care, and is associated with considerable short and long-term health consequences for surviving infants. Progesterone has a role in maintaining pregnancy, by suppression of the calcium-calmodulin-myosin light chain kinase system. Additionally, progesterone has recognized anti-inflammatory properties, ...
Sanu Olaleye - - 2010
Preterm birth is the major cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in the developed world, and spontaneous preterm labor is the commonest cause of preterm birth. Interventions to treat women in spontaneous preterm labor have not reduced the incidence of preterm births but this may be due to increased risk ...
Lejeune Fleur - - 2010
Grasping at birth is well-known as a reflex in response to a stimulation of the palm of the hand. Recent studies revealed that this grasping was not only a pure reflex because human newborns are able to detect and to remember differences in shape features. The manual perception of shapes ...
Nabet Cathy - - 2010
To analyse the association between maternal periodontitis and preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation) according to the causes of preterm birth. Epipap is a case-control multi-centre study of singleton livebirths. One thousand one hundred and eight women with preterm deliveries and 1094 with deliveries at term (> or =37 weeks) at ...
Cresi Francesco - - 2010
The perfusion index, derived from the pulse oximeter signal, seems to be an accurate predictor for high illness severity in newborns. The aim of this study was to determine the perfusion index values of clinically and hemodynamically stable preterm newborns in the first week of life. Perfusion index recordings were ...
Giannantonio Carmen - - 2010
In neonatology the role of chest physiotherapy is still uncertain because of the controversial outcomes. The aim of this study was to test the applicability in preterm infants of 'reflex rolling', from the Vojta method, in preterm neonates with lung pathology, with particular attention to the effects on blood gases ...
Verschoor Stephan - - 2010
One of the great questions in psychology concerns how we develop to become intentional agents. Ideomotor theory suggests that intentional actions depend on, and emerge from the automatic acquisition of bidirectional action-effect associations: perceiving an action-effect sequence creates an integrated representation that can be employed for action control in the ...
Schmid Maximilian M Department of Obstetrics and Feto-maternal Medicine, Medical University of Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria. - - 2010
Our aim was to investigate whether a genetic variation in the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 gene might be associated with preterm birth. In this case-control study we evaluated the G/A polymorphism (rs2267717) in intron 2 of the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 gene in one hundred women with preterm birth and ...
Loftin Ryan W - - 2010
In the United States, preterm birth rates continue to rise. Many reasons account for this increase, such as demographic changes, infertility treatments, increases in maternal age, more multiple gestations, increasing obesity rates, and maternal comorbid conditions. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists suggests that preterm birth rates have also ...
Litman Ronald S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Term and preterm infants are at risk of developing apnea after receiving general anesthesia. The risk of apnea after sedation with chloral hydrate (CH) in this population is unknown. In this study, we aimed to describe the clinical course of infants younger than 1 year who received CH for ...
Corpeleijn Willemijn E - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The intestine is a major site of amino acid metabolism, especially in neonates. Neonatal animals derive energy needed for metabolic processes from dietary glucose and amino acids. Rats were found to oxidize non-essential amino acids such as aspartate, glutamate and glutamine in the intestine at a high ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2010
We investigated the association between prenatal smoking and the occurrence of medically indicated and spontaneous preterm delivery (<37 weeks). We performed a retrospective cohort study of singleton live births in the state of Missouri (n = 1,219,159) using maternally linked cohort data files covering the period 1989 to 2005. The ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The rate of weight gain in preterm infants who are exposed to music seems to improve. A potential mechanism could be increased metabolic efficiency; therefore, we conducted this study to test the hypothesis that music by Mozart reduces resting energy expenditure (REE) in growing healthy preterm infants. DESIGN. A ...
Vento M?ximo - - 2009
Antenatal steroids have improved the survival of preterm infants; however, the mechanism of action is not fully understood. We aimed to establish an association between antenatal steroids and antioxidant activity and postnatal oxidative stress. In a prospective cohort study, extremely preterm neonates receiving antenatal steroids (CORT) or not (NOCORT) were ...
Wessels Ronni - - 2009
Shoulder dislocation in a preterm infant is very rare. We report a case of a preterm infant, with gestational age of 25 2/7 weeks and birth weight of 910 g, with anterior shoulder dislocation after breech delivery. The infant was successfully treated with closed reduction. In general, long-term outcome of ...
van den Broek Nynke R - - 2009
Premature birth is the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in both high- and low-income countries. The causes of preterm labour are multiple but infection is important. We have previously described an unusually high incidence of preterm birth (20%) in an ultrasound-dated, rural, pregnant population in Southern Malawi with ...
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