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Wirbelauer Johannes - - 2011
To test the hypothesis if very immature preterm infants exposed to chorioamnionitis would exhibit increased numbers of leukocytes, neutrophils, and nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) in peripheral blood. Preterm infants with birth weight <1500 g were prospectively evaluated. Blood cells were counted within the first hour of life in infants ...
Welzing Lars - - 2010
Propofol is gaining increasing popularity as induction agent for pediatric endotracheal intubation. Recently, propofol has been described for the first time as induction agent for endotracheal intubation in preterm neonates. Propofol seemed to be efficient, safe and ideally suited for the INSURE (Intubation SURfactant Extubation) procedure in preterm neonates. The ...
Chan Hui-Chen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infection is a risk factor for preterm birth. This study was conducted in the field and addressed the link between periodontal pathogens measured with the benzoyl-DL-arginine-naphthylamide (BANA) test and preterm birth. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in Changhua, Taiwan. Periodontal examinations included the plaque index, papillary bleeding scores, ...
Ratajczak Christine K - - 2010
The high rate of preterm birth in the USA and many other countries is a potential target for improving children's immediate health and reducing the medical problems they face as adults. The acute complications for infants born prematurely often require intensive care management and are followed by long-lasting cognitive, sensory, ...
Wong C Mae - - 2010
Substance P (SP) and neurokinin A (NKA) are neuropeptides that have been researched as pain markers in adults, as they are involved in transmission and modulation of pain signals. There is a potential role for them as neurochemical markers of pain in neonates, but this has never previously been investigated. ...
Kalyoncu Ozlem - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze neonatal morbidity and mortality rates of late-preterms and to compare them with their term counterparts in a tertiary care unit in Turkey. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 252 late-preterm newborns (34 0/7--36 6/7 weeks' gestational age), admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in the first 24 h ...
Langridge Amanda T - - 2010
Preterm birth is associated with a range of childhood morbidities and in industrialised societies is the primary cause of infant mortality. Social and racial inequalities in preterm birth have been reported in North America, UK, Europe and New Zealand. This study utilised population-level data to investigate social and racial inequalities ...
Berg Carly S - - 2010
The short-term outcomes of sodium bicarbonate therapy in preterm infants were investigated by retrospective analysis of 165 of 984 infants who received sodium bicarbonate. The infants treated with sodium bicarbonate were more immature and had greater severity of illness and more adverse outcomes. Sodium bicarbonate therapy did not improve the ...
Wachman Elisha M - - 2011
Preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are constantly exposed to ambient noise that often exceeds recommended levels. There is a growing concern that such noise puts preterm infants at high risk for adverse health effects. This review looks at the effects of NICU noise on the cardiovascular, ...
da Costa Saakje P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the development of sucking patterns in small-for-gestational age (SGA) preterm infants differs from appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed sucking patterns in 15 SGA and 34 AGA preterms (gestational age<or=36 weeks) longitudinally from 34 to 50 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) using the Neonatal ...
Rougé Carole - - 2010
Modifications in microbial colonization of the human gut are believed to affect intestinal homeostasis and increase the risk of gastrointestinal diseases. The present study examined different methods for investigating the dynamic characterization of the intestinal microbiota in preterm infants. Fecal samples were collected weekly from ten preterm infants during their ...
Sloot S C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Central blood flow measurements can provide detailed information on the hemodynamic condition of the preterm infant. However, reference values for right and left ventricular output (RVO and LVO) and superior vena cava flow (SVC flow) are only available for infants in the transitional period. The aim of this study ...
Berrington J E - - 2010
Tracheal occlusion may improve the outlook of fetuses with an antenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia and is undertaken at around 24 weeks' gestation with planned puncture at around 34 weeks. If preterm labour occurs away from the centre that placed the tracheal occlusion, puncture before delivery may not be ...
Kocher S - - 2010
Linezolid is an antibiotic of the oxazolidinone class that has bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity against a broad range of Gram-positive bacteria, including multiresistant pathogens. Owing to increasing resistance of Gram-positive pathogens to traditional antibiotics such as vancomycin, the oxazolidinones were introduced into therapy. The aim of this review was to ...
Nagy Zoltan - - 2011
Despite the extensive research into brain development after preterm birth, few studies have investigated its long-term effects on cortical thickness. The Stockholm Neonatal Project included infants between 1988 and 1993 with birth weight (BW) ≤ 1500 g. Using a previously published method, cortical thickness was estimated on T(1)-weighted 3D anatomical ...
Iacobelli S - - 2010
There is growing evidence that early water and electrolyte homeostasis may be influenced by energy balance in preterm infants. Some fluid and electrolyte disturbances of postnatal life could be in part promoted by the catabolism due to withheld amino acid and energy supply after birth. According to current guidelines parenteral ...
Antonucci R - - 2010
Metabolomics is a new approach based on the systematic study of the full complement of metabolites in a biological sample. This technology consists of two sequential steps: (1) an experimental technique, based on mass spectrometry or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, designed to profile low molecular weight compounds, and (2) ...
Norman Mikael - - 2010
Hypertension is a major risk factor for ischemic heart disease and stroke, which are leading causes of morbidity and death worldwide. Besides the contributions from genes and adult life-style, this review highlights that adult hypertension is likely to be a legacy of preterm birth. This knowledge has important health implications ...
Reinhard J - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study examines whether or not those women who have participated in a hypnoreflexogenous birth preparation course have a lower incidence of preterm labour and higher gestational age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 101 women participated in the birth preparation hypnosis course (hypnomental birth preparation) and were evaluated against a parallelised ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between diagnosed maternal sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and very preterm or late preterm birth in 108,346 South Carolina women receiving medical care purchased by Medicaid from 1996 through 2002, and delivering singleton infants. METHODS: ICD9 codes in South Carolina Medicaid data were used to identify ...
Gurka Matthew J - - 2010
To compare healthy late-preterm infants with their full-term counterparts from age 4 through 15 years for numerous standard cognitive, achievement, socioemotional, and behavioral outcomes. Prospective cohort study. National Institute of Child Health and Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, 1991-2007. A total of 1298 children (53 born ...
Kavsek Michael - - 2010
We review comparative studies of infant habituation and dishabituation performance focusing on preterm infants. Habituation refers to cognitive encoding, and dishabituation refers to discrimination and memory. If habituation and dishabituation constitute basic information-processing skills, and preterm infants suffer cognitive disadvantages, then preterms should show diminished habituation and dishabituation performance. Our ...
Petrou Stavros S National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford (Old Road Campus), Old Road, Headington, Oxford, UK. - - 2011
Although survival rates for preterm infants have greatly improved over the last three to four decades, these infants remain at risk of developing a broad range of short-term and long-term complications. Despite the large body of work on the clinical sequelae of preterm birth, relatively little is known about its ...
Salihu Hamisu - - 2010
To assess the impact of obesity on preterm birth among nulliparous women. Retrospective cohort study of nulliparous mothers delivering infants in Florida between 2004 and 2007. Women were classified as non-obese (pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) <30) or obese (BMI ≥ 30). The main outcomes assessed were preterm birth, very ...
El-Naggar Walid - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Suprapubic aspiration (SPA) and urine catheterization (UC) are performed frequently in preterm neonates to rule out urinary tract infection; however, a comparison of the pain caused by both procedures has not been made previously. OBJECTIVE: To compare pain responses in preterm infants who are undergoing urine collection by using ...
Wirbelauer Johannes - - 2010
It is unclear if very immature preterm infants who are born small for gestational age (SGA) have similar leukocyte counts as infants who are born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Our study included 49 preterm infants with a gestational age ≤32 weeks and without exposure to chorioamnionitis and funisitis. Blood ...
Tsao KuoJen - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) remains a significant cause of death in newborns. With advances in neonatal critical care and ventilation strategies, survival in the term infant now exceeds 80% in some centers. Although prematurity is a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality in most neonatal diseases, its associated risk ...
De Matteo Robert - - 2010
Our aim was to characterize an ovine model of preterm birth that allows analysis of the developmental effects of preterm birth in the absence of postnatal confounding factors. Preterm birth was induced at 131 days of gestation in 82 lambs; controls (n = 31) were born at term (145 days). ...
Mannarino Savina - - 2010
To evaluate and compare cardiovascular adaptation of 36 preterm and 34 fullterm newborns, we analyzed BNP concentration and echocardiographic parameters at day 3 of life and at day 28 (+/-2). On day 3 BNP concentrations (pg/ml) resulted higher in PDA preterm group (n=11; 125, IQR 56.1-301) than preterm without PDA ...
Savitz David A - - 2010
Epidemiologic studies of potential behavioral influences on preterm birth have proliferated and yet, with the exception of tobacco smoking, none can be considered an established cause. We conducted a comprehensive summary of the epidemiologic evidence on tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use, and physical, sexual, and occupational activity, to identify ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2010
Following a long period of fairly steady increase, the U.S. preterm birth rate declined for the second straight year in 2008 to 12.3 percent, from 12.8 percent in 2006. This marks the first 2-year decline in the preterm birth rate in nearly three decades. Preterm birth rates declined from 2006 ...
Iams Jay D - - 2010
Women who have delivered an infant between 16 and 36 weeks' gestation have an increased risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancies. The risk increases with more than 1 preterm birth and is inversely proportional to the gestational age of the previous preterm birth. African American women have rates of ...
Palmu Kirsi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of activity bursts in the early preterm EEG, to assess inter-rater agreement of burst detection by visual inspection, and to determine the performance of an automated burst detector that uses non-linear energy operator (NLEO). METHODS: EEG recordings from extremely preterm (n=12) and very preterm (n=6) ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2010
The aetiology of preterm birth remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate if an association exists between prenatal alcohol consumption and preterm birth and to determine if such an association differs by subcategories of preterm birth. We employed vital statistics data from the state of Missouri ...
Tansug Nermin - - 2011
Since most of in utero bone mass accretion occurs during the third trimester and postnatal need for bone nutrients is increased, preterm infants have an increased risk of low bone mass. Early identification of the risk is of crucial importance. Quantitative ultrasound, which is a relatively inexpensive, portable, noninvasive, and ...
Bevilacqua Elisa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth causes infant morbidity and mortality. A single course of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) should be considered routine for preterm delivery. Benefits of therapy before 34 weeks' gestation have been established for infants born between 24 h and 7 days after treatment. It is still unclear whether multiple courses ...
Khani S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal serum magnesium levels and preterm birth. This Nested case-control study carried out on 20 with preterm birth and 20 women at term birth at Imam Khomeini Hospital in Sari/Iran in 2008. The women with singleton gestation and intact ...
Luong Me-Linh - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal douching and bacterial vaginosis (BV) are independently associated with spontaneous preterm birth. Because the interrelationships among these variables remain unclear, we sought to examine the associations in a prospective study. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study within a prospectively recruited cohort of pregnant women. We prospectively collected ...
Eddama Oya O National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Old Road Campus, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2010
Preterm birth contributes to a range of healthcare problems amongst infants surmounting to sizeable healthcare costs. Twin pregnancies are at particular risk of preterm birth. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of vaginal progesterone gel for the prevention of preterm birth in twin pregnancies. An economic ...
Arpino Carla - - 2010
The incidence of preterm delivery and the survival rate of preterm newborns are rising, due to the increased use of assisted reproductive technology associated with multiple gestations and improved technology in obstetrics and neonatology, which allow saving preterm infants at earlier gestational ages. As a consequence, the risk of developmental ...
Dudink Jeroen - - 2010
Many intervention studies in preterm infants aim to improve neurodevelopmental outcome, but short-term proxy outcome measurements are lacking. Cortical plate and subplate development could be such a marker. Our aim was to provide normal DTI reference values for the cortical plate and subplate of preterm infants. As part of an ...
Gouyon Jean-Bernard - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Approximately 75% of preterm births are late-preterm (34(0/7) to 36(6/7) weeks gestation). This group has usually been considered as a whole in studies assessing the outcome of these preterm infants by comparison with term infants. However, the respective contribution to prognosis of each week of gestation has not been ...
O'Donnell Colm P F - - 2010
We reviewed videos of 61 extremely preterm infants taken immediately after birth. The majority cried (69%) and breathed (80%) without intervention. Most preterm infants are not apneic at birth.
Vatish M - - 2010
Preterm delivery is the primary cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Labour at term occurs as a culmination of maturational events in both the fetus and maternal uterus. This process exhibits diurnal variation, with the onset of labour being more common at night. We have confirmed that this diurnal ...
Kasper David C - - 2010
Ureaplasma spp. are the most frequently isolated microorganisms inside the amniotic cavity and have been associated with spontaneous abortion, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), and preterm labor (PL). We analyzed 118 samples from amniotic fluid of preterm infants before 34 weeks of gestation by quantitative polymerase chain reaction ...
Ogilvy-Stuart A L - - 2010
In the fetus, the predominant energy supply is glucose transported across the placenta from the mother. As pregnancy progresses, the amount of glucose transported increases, with glycogen and fat stores being laid down, principally in the third trimester. In the well-term baby, there is hormonal and metabolic adaptation in the ...
Guimar?es Alessandra Neves - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite previous studies addressing the link between preterm or low birth weight infants and maternal periodontitis, extreme preterm births have received far less attention. This study is designed to address the possible association between maternal periodontal disease and preterm or extreme preterm birth. METHODS: Immediately after childbirth, 1,207 women ...
Supcun Sirma - - 2010
Caffeine improves the rate of survival without neurodevelopmental disability in preterm infants. The mechanisms underlying neuroprotection are incompletely understood. In 51 preterm infants studied by amplitude-integrated electroencephalography from 2 hours before to 2 hours after intravenous caffeine administration, we found that caffeine increases amplitudes and periods of continuity.
Dolan Siobhan M - - 2010
The preterm birth rate exceeds 12% in the United States, and preterm birth continues to be a clinical and public health challenge globally. Even though preterm birth is a major contributor to infant mortality and lifelong morbidity, there are few effective strategies to predict preterm birth and few clinical interventions ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Maternal cervical incompetence in pregnancy (CIP) showed an association with a higher rate of preterm births. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of CIP in Hungarian pregnant women, to determine the rate of preterm birth, and to check the preventive efficacy of preterm births due ...
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