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Kanakogi Yasuhiro - - 2011
How do infants understand the goals of others' actions? It has been proposed that action-understanding results from a mechanism whereby an observed action is mapped onto the observer's own motor representation of that action. However, direct evidence of the matching process in early infancy is difficult to find. Here we ...
Blumenshine Philip M - - 2011
To explore the association between paternal education and preterm birth, taking into account maternal social and economic factors. We analyzed data from a population-based cross-sectional postpartum survey, linked with birth certificates, of women who gave birth in California from 1999 through 2005 (n = 21,712). Women whose infants' fathers had ...
Gredebäck Gustaf - - 2011
Four-month-old infants were presented with feeding actions performed in a rational or irrational manner. Infants reacted to the irrational feeding actions by dilating their pupils, but only in the presence of rich contextual constraints. The study demonstrates that teleological processes are online at 4 months of age and illustrates the ...
Hadley Mary B - - 2011
Maternal mortality in developing countries is high and international targets for reduction are unlikely to be met. Zambia's maternal mortality ratio was 591 per 100,000 live births according to survey data (2007) while routinely collected data captured only about 10% of these deaths. In one district in Zambia medical staff ...
Paximadis Maria - - 2011
Numerous studies have suggested a role for natural killer (NK) cells in attenuation of HIV-1 disease progression via recognition by killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) of specific HLA class I molecules. The role of KIR and HLA class I has not been addressed in the context of maternal-infant HIV-1 transmission. KIR ...
Bekkali N - - 2010
New prospective studies concerning feeding and bowel habits of term and preterm infants from birth to 24 months of life are needed. The aim of the present study was to describe and compare feeding and bowel habits between term- and preterm-born infants starting from birth up to the age of ...
Simmons Lavone E - - 2010
Globally, each year, an estimated 13 million infants are born before 37 completed weeks of gestation. Complications from these preterm births are the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Preterm birth is directly responsible for an estimated one million neonatal deaths annually and is also an important contributor to child and ...
Blumenfeld Yair J - - 2010
To estimate the effect of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM) on neonatal mortality. A cross-sectional study using a state perinatal database (California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative) was performed. Prenatal data, including ruptured membranes, corticosteroid administration, maternal age, maternal race, maternal hypertension, mode of delivery, and prenatal care, were recorded. ...
Ranganathan D - - 2010
We report a case of intraocular lacrimal gland choristoma presenting very early in a preterm infant with hyphema, a mass lesion and raised intraocular pressure. Enucleation of the involved eye, which is the treatment in most cases, was performed and prosthesis was fitted successfully. An interesting additional finding in our ...
Kurjak Asim - - 2010
Preterm birth is the defining challenge to modern perinatal medicine. It is now clear that preterm birth is not caused by one pathologic process but many, some not identified. Prevention of preterm birth is possible if perinatal medicine, science, and society give the necessary priority to this most urgent problem ...
Laughon S Katherine - - 2010
To characterize precursors for late preterm birth in singletons and incidences of neonatal morbidities and perinatal mortality by gestational age and precursor. Using retrospective observational data, we compared 15,136 gestations born late preterm with 170,593 deliveries between 37 0/7 and 41 6/7 weeks. We defined the following categories of precursors ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2010
Infants born prematurely are highly vulnerable to infections and also exhibit a high susceptibility to organ damage due to inflammation. To investigate homeostatic immune control early in life, we used advanced multiparameter flow cytometry to compare responses to multiple Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands in single cells and mononuclear cell populations ...
Mumtaz Ghina - - 2010
Consanguinity promotes homozygosity of recessive susceptibility gene variants and can be used to investigate a recessive component in diseases whose inheritance is uncertain. The objective of this study was to assess the association between consanguinity and preterm birth (PTB), stratified by gestational age and clinical presentation (spontaneous vs. medically indicated). ...
Krueger M - - 2011
Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is an important cytokine and involved in the pathogenesis and genetics of many diseases. The authors studied two different populations of preterm infants to test whether polymorphisms within IL-18 are in association with prematurity itself or with typical pulmonary disease or measurements seen in preterm infants, such ...
Schmitz Thomas - - 2011
Perinatal brain damage may result in impaired neurological development in extremely preterm infants. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are complex, and biomarkers of prognostic value are not available. The aim of this study was to analyze soluble Fas (sFas) concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) representative for involvement of apoptotic processes ...
Jacquot Aurelien - - 2011
To determine baseline clinical characteristics that influence bacterial gut flora dynamics in very preterm infants and the relationship between gut flora dynamics and clinical evolution. Prospective, monocentric study enrolling 29 consecutive very preterm infants. We collected data about growth, digestive tolerance, nutrition, and antibiotic use. Microflora in stool samples, collected ...
Eikenes Live - - 2011
Preterm birth with very low birth weight (VLBW, ≤1500g) is connected to reduced white matter (WM) integrity in childhood and adolescence. These changes in WM are correlated to motor, sensory and neuropsychological impairments. CNS myelination continues into the early twenties, but the consequences of this for WM integrity in VLBWs ...
Smith V - - 2011
Preterm birth can result in adverse outcomes for the neonate and/or his/her family. The accurate prediction and prevention of preterm birth is paramount. This study describes and critically analyses practices for predicting and preventing preterm birth in Ireland. A questionnaire seeking information on practices for predicting and preventing preterm birth ...
Pimentel Lopes De Oliveira G J - - 2010
Preterm birth is a major problem in public health in developed and developing countries and the search for risk factors of this event is important. The aim of this study was to review the effect of periodontal treatment on the incidence of preterm delivery. A wide research was executed considering ...
Faa Gavino - - 2010
The kidney of low birthweight preterm infants is characterized by a reduced number of mature nephrons at birth. The aim of the present study was to determine whether, in preterms, active glomerulogenesis occurs in the postnatal period and whether it may compensate the reduced number of nephrons developed during the ...
Darrow Lyndsey A - - 2010
Properties of the case-crossover design have appeal for investigation of acute triggers of preterm birth. Measured and unmeasured time-invariant risk factors are controlled by design, such that maternal race, socioeconomic status, and other personal factors will not confound the exposure-preterm birth association. In this issue of the Journal, Basu et ...
Maloni Judith A - - 2010
Preterm birth is the major maternal-child health issue across developed nations and the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Of all deaths of infants <1 year of age in the United States in 2005, 68.6% occurred in infants born prior to term. Although the preterm birth rate in European ...
Mally Pradeep V - - 2010
Prematurity is defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation and is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality in newborns. The gestational ages known as near term or late preterm represent about 75% of preterm births and are the fastest growing subgroups of premature infants. These infants range in ...
Kerkhof G F - - 2010
Preterm birth has been associated with reduced reproduction rates, and controversies remain regarding the effect of being born small for gestational age (SGA) on ovarian function. Recent findings in young men showed no effect of preterm and SGA birth on testis function. We hypothesised that follicle pool size in young ...
Lanari Marcello - - 2010
In the last decades the preterm birth rate rose more than 20%, largely because of an increase among deliveries of 'late preterm' infants, i.e. those born at 34 to 36 weeks gestational age. Late preterm infants are more susceptible to infection by pathogens, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), possibly ...
Meloni Alessandra - - 2010
Late preterm is the recommended definition for infants born at 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks' gestation after the onset of the mother's last menstrual period. Late-preterm infants are known to have greater mortality and morbidity when compared with term infants during the neonatal period. Obstetric management plays a substantial ...
Chen An - - 2010
To determine circadian rhythms of circadian genes in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells in preterm neonates. Ten premature neonates, gestational age from 30 to 31 weeks were recruited. Infants with birth asphyxia, RDS, apnea, malformation, infection or haemolytic diseases were excluded. At 7AM and 7PM on the 1st day, 7th ...
Bauer S C - - 2010
In recent decades, advances in maternal-fetal, obstetrics, and neonatal medicine have led to the increased survival of preterm infants. Very preterm infants (<32 weeks gestation), who comprise a small fraction (1.4%) of all neonates, have had dramatic increases in their survival. In addition, late preterm infants (33-36 weeks gestation) are ...
Zhou Xiaohong - - 2010
To investigate the retinal development in healthy preterm infants through standard ganzfeld electroretinograms (ERG) and compare the difference of ERG between the healthy preterm and term infants. Forty-nine 49 healthy infants were recruited to this study, including 20 preterm and 29 term infants. All the infants were grouped as follows: ...
Thomas Wolfgang - - 2011
Chorioamnionitis as a major risk factor for spontaneous preterm birth, especially at earlier gestational ages, contributes to prematurity-associated mortality and morbidity. A gestation-independent effect of chorioamnionitis on neonatal outcome is much more difficult to assess. The influence of chorioamnionitis on neonatal outcome has become less evident with advances in neonatal ...
Millar Michael - - 2012
Does the clinical trials' evidence of benefit justify the routine use of probiotics in the preterm infant? There are many uncertainties surrounding the use of probiotics in the preterm, including the mechanism(s) of action of probiotics, knowledge of who benefits and who might not, whether it is placement of large ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2010
We examined the relationship between obstetrical intervention and preterm birth in the United States between 1991 and 2006. We assessed changes in preterm birth, cesarean delivery, labor induction, and associated risks. Logistic regression modeled the odds of preterm obstetrical intervention after risk adjustment. From 1991 to 2006, the percentage of ...
Moss S J - - 2010
Preterm infants are at an increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease infection and, additionally, have a diminished response to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines. There are little data examining the response of preterm infants to a seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). We examined the responses of preterm infants ...
Anum Emmanuel A - - 2010
The study objectives were to evaluate adequacy of prenatal care and risk for preterm birth among Medicaid clients in Virginia and to determine if payment method is associated with the risk of preterm birth. Birth certificate data for the Commonwealth of Virginia for 2007 and 2008 were linked with Medicaid ...
Köck Katharina - - 2010
It is internationally agreed that diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increased maternal and fetal morbidity and long-term complications. To avoid these complications, it is often necessary to induce birth before term. The impact of DM on spontaneous preterm birth (spontaneous labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes and/or cervical incompetence ...
Viganò Alessandra - - 2011
The rate of late preterm delivery has increased in the general population, and the late preterm infants have a higher incidence of morbidity compared to term newborns. Late preterm data are lacking in born to HIV-infected mother. We showed that, among 202 live births, late preterm delivery was higher in ...
Vrachnis N - - 2010
Spontaneous preterm delivery, prematurity, and low birth weight due to prematurity account for a great part of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Specifically, chronic amniotic fluid inflammation may cause preterm labor, with the involvement of different mediators that produce diverse aspects of the inflammatory response. Although bacteria are considered to be ...
Douglas Alison J AJ Centre for Integrative Physiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2010
Preterm labour and birth can be delayed but are generally unstoppable, threatening the health of the mother-baby duo. This may be a result of peripheral signals prematurely recruiting the oxytocin neurones that co-ordinate the timing of birth and, via specialised activity and secretion patterns, drive uterine contractions. Once sensitised, these ...
Messerschmidt A - - 2011
Background: One third of all preterm births are due to preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM). An accurate prognostic evaluation after admission to the neonatal intensive care unit is necessary. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify prognostic factors within the first hour of life for mortality, short-term ...
Bodnar Lisa M - - 2010
Poor maternal folate status has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth. However, major gaps remain in our understanding of how individual folate species relate to preterm birth. Our objective was to assess the association between maternal folate status as measured by 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MeTHF), 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (5FoTHF), and folic ...
Barros Marina C M - - 2011
Background: Late preterm infants have higher morbidity in the neonatal period and difficulties at school age. There are few data about neonatal neurobehavior performance that may interfere in their development. Objectives: To compare the neurobehavior of healthy late preterm and full-term neonates born to adolescent mothers. Methods: This prospective cross-sectional ...
Voegtline Kristin M - - 2010
The present study examined infant negativity and maternal symptomatology by term status in a predominately low-income, rural sample of 132 infants (66 late-preterm) and their mothers. Late-preterm and term infants were group-matched by race, income, and maternal age. Maternal depression and anxiety symptoms were measured with the Brief Symptom Inventory ...
Bloomfield Frank H - - 2010
The incidence of preterm birth in developed countries is increasing, and in some countries, including the United States, it is almost as high as in developing countries. Demographic changes in women becoming pregnant can account for only a relatively small proportion of the increase. A significant proportion of spontaneous preterm ...
Zecca Enrico - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to assess the feasibility of earlier weaning from the incubator for preterm infants. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study with preterm infants with birth weights of <1600 g who were admitted to a neonatal subintensive ward. Findings for 47 infants who were transferred from an ...
Gervain Judit - - 2011
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a new and increasingly widespread brain imaging technique, particularly suitable for young infants. The laboratories of the McDonnell Consortium have contributed to the technological development and research applications of this technique for nearly a decade. The present paper provides a general introduction to the technique as ...
Tirone Chiara - - 2010
The presence of alpha-defensins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was investigated in a cohort of preterm newborns with gestational age (GA) < or =30 wk. Specimens were collected during the first week of life from 24 preterm neonates mechanically ventilated. The studied population was divided into two groups: pneumonia group ...
Hackney David N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: High maternal concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complexes have been associated with adverse outcomes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between TAT in asymptomatic subjects at 24 and 28 weeks and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the National Institute of Child ...
Vasu V - - 2010
Neonatal chylothorax is a relatively uncommon condition. Here we describe the case of an extremely preterm infant with bilateral chylous effusions which were resistant to conventional medical management and were ultimately managed with the insertion of pleuroperitoneal shunts using a novel surgical technique. Subsequently the infant recovered and the shunts ...
Tsekoura Effrossine A - - 2010
Adenovirus is isolated frequently from the amniotic fluid and has been implicated in severe neonatal infections. A case control study was carried out to examine the association of detection of adenovirus in placentas with preterm birth and histological chorioamnionitis. Placentas from preterm and full term deliveries were collected prospectively. Preterm ...
Chandiramani Manju - - 2011
Preterm birth (PTB) is estimated to account for 6-10% of all births worldwide with 13 million PTBs occurring annually and 1 million resulting in death. The diagnosis of spontaneous preterm labor and accurate prediction of preterm delivery is notoriously difficult. Identification of effective risk assessment markers can potentially improve outcomes ...
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