Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1563
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Collins Clare L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Protein-polysaccharide conjugate vaccines against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C were introduced into the U.K. routine immunization schedule in 1999. This study is the first to describe both persistence of antibody and evidence for induction of immune memory using meningococcal C conjugate (MCC) vaccine in preterm infants. METHODS: Immunogenicity and induction ...
Elliott John P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of activity restriction (AR) on the incidence of preterm birth in women treated for preterm labor testing negative for fetal fibronectin (fFN). STUDY DESIGN: Women who were diagnosed with preterm labor and tocolyzed with magnesium sulfate were concurrently screened with fFN for the purpose of ...
Olson David M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The elucidation some 30 years ago by Sir Mont Liggins that the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-placental axis in fetal sheep led to elevated maternal prostaglandin (PG) concentrations and the initiation of labor provided hope that targeting PG synthesis or action would lead to effective tocolysis and lowering of the ...
Kwasan Sujira - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal value of cervical length and the presence of funneling in women with preterm labor to predict preterm delivery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Transvaginal sonography to determine cervical length and presence of funneling in 69 pregnant women with gestational age between 24 - 36 weeks who had ...
Newburn-Cook Christine V - - 2005
To determine if there was an association between advancing maternal age and adverse pregnancy outcomes (preterm delivery and small-for-gestational-age births), a systematic review was conducted based on a comprehensive search of the literature from 1985 to 2002. Ten studies met the following inclusion criteria: (1) assessed risk factors for preterm ...
Demarini Sergio - - 2005
Metabolic bone disease is a common event in preterm infants. Between 24 wk gestation and term, the fetus accrues approximately 80% of body Ca, P and Mg. Consequently, preterm infants miss in part or completely the period of greatest mineral accretion. Ca and P requirements in preterm infants are based ...
Urbán Edit - - 2006
The preterm delivery of low-birth-weight (PLBW) infants remains a significant public health issue and a leading cause of neonatal death and of long-term neurodevelopmental disturbances and health problems. Epidemiological and immunological studies have suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for PLBW. The incidence of periodontal disease ...
Mehta Rajeev - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate, a drug that is frequently used for attempted tocolysis in preterm labor, could alter neutrophil functional activity in infants born preterm. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between maternal tocolysis with magnesium sulfate and the cord blood neutrophil functional activity of preterm neonates. METHODS: The ...
Hille E T M - - 2005
AIM: To assess whether attrition rate influences outcome in the follow-up of very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: In a national follow-up study of infants born alive in 1983 in the Netherlands with a gestational age less than 32 weeks and/or a birth weight less than 1500 g, outcome was assessed ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2005
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) complicates 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for approximately one third of all preterm births. Because preterm PROM presents a clinical situation where early delivery is to be anticipated and prenatal and neonatal complications are common, the physician caring for women with this ...
Airoldi James - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Women with uterine anomalies have higher rates of preterm birth, but the reason for this has not been elucidated. Transvaginal ultrasound examination has been shown to be an accurate test for the prediction of preterm birth but has not been studied specifically in this population. METHODS: Pregnant women with ...
Andrews William W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether endometrial microbial colonization or plasma cell endometritis is increased after spontaneous versus indicated preterm delivery or a spontaneous term delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Postpartum, endometrial specimens were obtained after a spontaneous (mean 83, +/- 17.6 days) or indicated (mean 83, +/- 16.7 days) ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between fetal inflammatory and immune responses to oral pathogens and risk for preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred and forty umbilical cord blood specimens were prospectively collected. Cord serum levels of C-reactive protein, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor ...
Keijzer-Veen Mandy G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a predisposing factor for high blood pressure (BP) in 19-year-olds who were born (very) preterm. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was conducted at age 19 in individuals who born preterm in the Netherlands in 1983. Systolic, diastolic, and mean BP values ...
Newton Edward R - - 2005
In this article, the author reviews the etiology and biochemical links between infection and preterm birth, the problem of preterm birth, and the management of infection-related risks of preterm birth. The management section reviews current opinions regarding prophylactic antibiotic therapy in the prevention of preterm birth, adjunctive antibiotic therapy in ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2005
Cerebellar hemorrhage (CBH) in premature infants is increasingly diagnosed secondary to improved neuroimaging techniques and survival of very small preterm infants. Information is limited, however, on the incidence, topography, and risk factors for CBH in the preterm infant. OBJECTIVES: To define the incidence of CBH in preterm infants diagnosed by ...
Newman Roger B - - 2005
Few approaches to preterm birth prevention have been as thoroughly studied yet as enigmatic as uterine contraction assessment. Despite multiple randomized clinical trials (level 1 evidence), the effectiveness of home uterine contraction assessment as an adjunct to the clinical management of women at risk for preterm birth remains controversial. This ...
Boggess Kim A - - 2005
Preterm birth remains a significant health concern. Maternal reproductive infections such as bacterial vaginosis pose increased risk for preterm birth, although treatment of bacterial vaginosis has not proven to be universally effective in preterm birth prevention. Maternal oral infection such as clinical periodontal disease has also been identified as a ...
Elizur Shai E - - 2005
Phosphorylated insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (phIGFBP-1) is secreted by decidual cells and may leak into cervical secretions during detachment of the fetal membrane. The aim of this study was to determine whether a rapid bedside test for phIGFBP-1 predicts preterm birth in women with preterm uterine contractions. This was ...
Park J S - - 2005
Preterm birth (defined as delivery prior to 37 weeks' gestation) complicates 5-10% of all births. It is a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Approximately 20% of all preterm births are iatrogenic resulting from obstetric intervention for maternal and/or fetal indications. Of the remainder, 2/3 are spontaneous preterm labor ...
Ng Pak C - - 2005
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate (i) the plasma ghrelin concentration at birth, (ii) the relationship of ghrelin with metabolic hormones, including leptin and insulin, and (iii) its association with anthropometric parameters, in appropriately grown preterm (23-36 weeks gestation) and term (37-42 weeks gestation) newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood samples ...
Noack B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that periodontal disease may be an important risk factor for preterm low birth weight. However, the link between periodontal health status of pregnant women and preterm low birth weight is contentious, as recent studies found no association between periodontitis and pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Lange A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Procedures for diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in newborn and preterm infants should preferably be non-invasive. This study evaluates the usability of electrogastrography (EGG), a non-invasive, cutaneous recording of the gastric myoelectrical activity in newborn infants. METHOD: Sixty-two randomly selected infants [27 girls and 35 boys with ...
Srinivas S K - - 2005
Preterm birth and preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) are common causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Fetal membrane integrity is regulated partially by collagenases and inhibitors. A number of genetic polymorphisms with genes related to infection, inflammation and collagen degradation have been identified and studies as risk factors for ...
van den Broek Nynke - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the major cause of neonatal death, and has an incidence in industrialized countries of 7%. We have found a high incidence (25-30%) previously in a population of anaemic, pregnant women in southern Malawi, studied with ultrasound dating. METHODS: Cohort study of 512 unselected pregnant women in ...
Heckmann Matthias - - 2005
CONTEXT: Whereas intrauterine growth and maturation depend on low cortisol levels, an adrenal stress response postnatally is thought to be mandatory in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine cortisol production rates (CPRs) in preterm infants during early life with extreme illness and, thereafter, during extrauterine ...
Ritschl Ewald - - 2005
Assessment of skeletal development using a nonionizing method would be desirable in critically ill preterm infants. We investigated the second metacarpus by quantitative ultrasound (QUS). Cross-sectional data were collected in 132 preterm or term infants measured within 24 h from birth and in 142 term infants up to the age ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth is the main cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. A short cervical length on transvaginal ultrasonography predicts preterm birth. Our aim was to estimate by meta-analysis of randomized trials whether cerclage prevents preterm birth in women with a short cervical length. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and ...
Badr Lina Kurdahi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors related to preterm birth in three ethnic groups and in three different countries. DESIGN: Data were obtained on a convenience sample of 118 Lebanese mothers, 104 Egyptian mothers, 40 Mexican American mothers, and 32 White American mothers from Southern California. About half of each cohort had ...
Engel Stephanie A Mulherin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggest that common genetic variation in immune response genes can contribute to the risk for spontaneous preterm birth and possibly small-for-gestational age (SGA). METHODS: We investigated the relationship of polymorphisms in 6 cytokine genes associated with inflammation-interleukin (IL)1alpha, IL1beta, IL2, IL6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and lymphotoxin ...
McDevitt H - - 2005
There is a need to explore novel methods of assessing bone health in sick preterm infants. This study of the speed of sound in the long bones of newborn term and preterm infants shows that, in this population, this technique is not site specific and has a high degree of ...
Eng Warren - - 2005
Our objective was to examine the characteristics of preterm and full-term infants < or = 6 weeks old that influence the success of obtaining sufficient sweat for diagnosis of CF, and corresponding sweat chloride concentrations. A retrospective chart review of 119 sweat tests was performed on 103 preterm and full-term ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2005
Clinical trials evaluating the potential benefit of anticoagulant treatment in pregnant women with inherited thrombophilia are based on the observation that a genetic predisposition to thrombosis is associated with frequent abortions and preterm birth. It was the aim of our study to delineate the impact of genetic polymorphisms with prothrombotic ...
Hotoura Efthalia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants have been reported to have a significantly reduced number of nephrons that could be a risk factor for development of hypertension later in life. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate kidney size prospectively in relation to other anthropometric parameters during the first year of life in SGA babies. MATERIALS ...
Kyrklund-Blomberg Nina B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Smoking increases the risk of preterm birth. The present study was made to elucidate the relation of smoking to causes of very preterm birth. METHODS: In a case-control study on all very preterm births in two regions of Stockholm 1988-1992, prospectively collected data were extracted from antenatal and delivery ...
Wang Yueping Alex - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of preterm birth and low birth weight (LBW) for infants born after assisted reproductive technology (ART) and determine whether these were associated with maternal or treatment characteristics. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of national population data of infants conceived through ART. SETTING: Australian birth records from 1996 ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this report are to evaluate changes in the preterm birth rate in Sweden 1973-2001. Furthermore, describe the proportion of spontaneous and indicated preterm births and assess risk factors for the subgroups of preterm birth during the period from 1991 to 2001. METHODS: A population-based register study ...
Vogel Ida - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether soluble CD163 (sCD163) and C-reactive protein (CRP) can predict spontaneous preterm delivery in women with symptoms of preterm delivery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Setting Labour ward at a tertiary university hospital. POPULATION: Ninety-three women with symptoms of preterm delivery before 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: sCD163 ...
Sisman Jülide - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is a single channel EEG recorded from two parietal electrodes. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that aEEG maturation follows postmenstrual age (PMA) irrespective of gestational age (GA). METHODS: We recruited inborn infants with a GA <33 weeks and without evidence of ...
Arena J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations for obtaining blood from neonates advise avoidance of the midline area of the heel and are based on postmortem studies. OBJECTIVE: Because of the potential pain and tissue damage from repeated heel pricking in the same area, to investigate using ultrasonography whether the distance from skin to ...
Rich-Edwards Janet W - - 2005
This review focuses on the contribution of psychosocial stress to the racial/ethnic disparities in preterm delivery in the United States and addresses the subset of psychosocial stressors that are disproportionately prevalent among minority women. We argue that chronic exposure to poverty, racism, and insecure neighborhoods may condition stress responses and ...
O'Campo Patricia - - 2005
Psychosocial risk factors for preterm delivery have been a topic of much recent research. By extension, the role of psychosocial risks in the explanation of the racial and ethnic gap in preterm birth is of increasing interest. Several barriers that are related to the measurement of psychosocial variables may preclude ...
Kluckow Martin - - 2005
The transitional circulation of the preterm infant differs significantly from the term infant. The preterm infant is uniquely at risk of hypotension and low systemic blood flow states due to failure or delay in the normal transitional circulation processes. The maintenance of normal tissue oxygenation requires maintenance of systemic blood ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2005
The prediction of preterm birth may be important (1) to initiate risk specific treatment; (2) to define a population that is at risk in which to study a particular treatment; or (3) to better understand the pathways that lead to preterm birth. Biologic fluids that have been used as sources ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recent increase in preterm birth in the United States, trends in preterm birth subtypes have not been adequately examined. We examined trends in preterm birth among singletons following ruptured membranes, medical indications, and spontaneous preterm birth and evaluated the impact of these trends on perinatal mortality. METHODS: ...
Karna Padmani - - 2005
Reference data describing weight, length, and head circumference (anthropometric measurements) at birth were published by Lubchenco and Usher before 1970. Few attempts have been made to investigate whether these data are appropriate for today's cohort of preterm neonates. We analysed anthropometric data for neonates born between 23 and 29 weeks' ...
Schulzke Sven - - 2005
There is a lack of data regarding the incidence and clinical significance of apnoea or bradycardia (AB) following immunisation with combination vaccines containing an acellular pertussis (Pa) component in respiratory stable preterm infants. Medical records of respiratory stable preterm infants who received a first dose of a combined diphtheria (D) ...
Carey J Christopher - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a change in the vaginal flora was associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, and to determine if metronidazole therapy before 32 weeks increased the risk of preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: We compared cultures taken at 23 to 26 ...
Moreau Caroline - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of very preterm birth (22-32 weeks of gestation) associated with previous induced abortion according to the complications leading to very preterm delivery in singletons. DESIGN: Multicentre, case-control study (the French EPIPAGE study). SETTING: Regionally defined population of births in France. SAMPLE: The sample consisted of ...
Hsieh T'sang-T'ang - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the interpregnancy interval and a previous preterm birth on the subsequent risk of a preterm birth. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on a group of 4072 women who had at least two consecutive births, excluding multiple gestation, fetal anomalies, cervical incompetence, and stillbirth. ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >