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Garg Meena - - 2006
Prematurity and low birth weight are important determinants of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A rising trend of preterm births is caused by an increase in the birth rate of near-term infants. Near-term infants are defined as infants of 34 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation. It is dangerous to assume that ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2006
Preterm birth (<37 weeks) complicates 12.5% of all deliveries in the USA, and remains the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity, accounting for as many as 75% of perinatal deaths. Despite the recent temporal increase in preterm birth, efforts to understand the problem of prematurity have met with little ...
De Carvalho Guerra Abecasis Francisco - - 2006
AIM: To determine the rate of rooming-in among preterm infants born in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all preterm infants born at our hospital during a 5-y period, 2000 to 2004. RESULTS: Of the 18 953 neonates born at our institution during this time, 1356 (7.2%) ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2006
The preterm birth rate (births before 37 completed weeks of gestation) has been increasing in the United States, largely driven by an increase in infants delivered between 34 and 36 weeks, often called near-term, but referred to as late preterm in this article. In 2004, the preterm birth rate was ...
Fuchs Karin - - 2006
At all gestational ages, the risks of continuing a pregnancy must be carefully balanced against the risks of delivery and the associates risk of prematurity. This concept is of increasing importance in late preterm pregnancy when medical or obstetric complications frequently warrant delivery and the risk of prematurity persists. Given ...
Klebanoff M - - 2006
It is universally accepted that acute inflammation is responsible for a substantial fraction of preterm births, particularly early cases. Much of this inflammation is caused by intrauterine infection. There is also evidence that infection and perhaps inflammation remote from the genitourinary tract can trigger preterm labour. Several studies have suggested ...
Gao Wanzhen - - 2006
AIM: To explore risk factors that are associated with preterm birth and full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth for a Pacific population. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Pacific Islands Families Study. Mothers of a cohort of 1398 Pacific infants born in South Auckland, New Zealand during 2000 were interviewed when their ...
Adamkin David H - - 2006
Much of the neonatal nutrition literature has focused on the management of very low birth weight infants, a group of infants usually less than 33 weeks gestation. Much less attention has been paid to nutritional management issues in preterm infants at higher gestations. This article reviews nutritional issues that exist ...
Watchko Jon F - - 2006
Late preterm gestation is an important risk factor for the development of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus. An exaggerated hepatic immaturity contributes to the greater prevalence, severity, and duration of neonatal jaundice in late preterm infants. Breast milk feeding is almost uniformly present and large for gestational age status, male ...
Robson M - - 2006
The purpose of this debate is to argue the merits of whether the availability of 24-hour transvaginal ultrasound service in every unit will help predict and, subsequently, prevent preterm birth. Any new test introduced will need to fulfil certain criteria. It must be acceptable in terms of risk, cost and ...
Sangild Per T - - 2006
Preterm birth is associated with immature digestive function that may require the use of total parenteral nutrition and special oral feeding regimens. Little is known about the responses to oral food in the preterm neonate and how enteral nutrients affect the immature gastrointestinal tract (GIT). In vivo studies are difficult ...
Verloove-Vanhorick S P - - 2006
Due to ever-improving medical technology over the course of the last century, the limit of viability has been lowered from around 32 weeks of gestation, first to 28 weeks and, in recent decades, to as low as less than 24 weeks. Long-term follow-up studies (Project on Preterm and Small-for-Gestational-Age Infants, ...
Lee Young Mi - - 2006
Multiple pregnancies currently account for 3% of all births in the United States but are disproportionately responsible for larger rates of prematurity and significant neonatal morbidity. The mean birth age for most multi-fetal pregnancies occurs during the late preterm period when both spontaneous preterm labor and iatrogenic premature birth because ...
Jain Shabnam - - 2006
The number of late preterm newborns (gestational age 34 to 36 weeks) is increasing in the United States and Canada. The appearance of these newborns may give a false sense of security about their well-being to practitioners and parents alike. Neonatology literature has begun to address this issue; however, there ...
Brown Nisha C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants have higher rates of cognitive and behavioral difficulties at school age than their term-born peers. We hypothesized that neurobehavior at term would be different in very preterm infants compared with term infants and that perinatal exposures would be associated with these alterations in neurobehavior. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Dew Paul C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to determine whether there were combined effects of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drug use during pregnancy on the frequency of preterm births, and if so, the magnitude of the association after adjusting for confounding factors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of ...
Michalowicz Bryan S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal periodontal disease has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. We studied the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment on preterm birth. METHODS: We randomly assigned women between 13 and 17 weeks of gestation to undergo scaling and root planing either before 21 ...
Herbertz Simone - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is becoming more common in NICUs for monitoring infants after perinatal asphyxia. We used aEEGs for preterm infants, and analysed the influence of sedation and maturation on their aEEG, focusing on continuous activity. METHODS: Weekly or biweekly aEEGs were performed in preterm infants and ...
Oboro V O - - 2006
Our objective was to evaluate the association between clinical chorioamnionitis following preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM) and adverse neonatal outcome. We compared retrospectively, adverse neonatal outcome of singleton pregnancies with documented PPROM who developed chorioamnionitis (cases) with those who did not (controls). Our result showed that poor neonatal outcome ...
Murtha Amy P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN) variable number tandem repeat polymorphism is associated with preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was performed. Cases (n = 95) delivered before 37 weeks after preterm labor (PTL) or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
AIM: To examine brainstem auditory function in preterm infants after perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI). METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was studied at 37-42 wk postconceptional age in preterm infants who suffered perinatal HI, and were compared with those in preterm and term infants without any major perinatal problems. RESULTS: None ...
Meis Paul J - - 2006
Preterm birth is a major public-health problem in the USA, which has higher rates of preterm birth than most other developed countries. Attempts at the prevention of preterm birth have been largely unsuccessful. The recent publication of a large, multicenter, randomized trial of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, which showed efficacy in ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2007
To determine circulating levels of adiponectin in preterm infants and examine possible associations with anthropometric measurements, weight gain, and leptin and insulin levels. Prospective study. A university hospital neonatal care unit. Study population: 62 preterm (mean (SD) gestational age 32.0 (2.1) weeks) and 15 full-term infants (reference group). Blood samples ...
Namba Fumihiko - - 2006
Intrauterine infection is associated with chorioamnionitis (CAM), which can lead to preterm delivery. We previously reported that the levels of IgM and the incidence of CAM were elevated in preterm infants with neonatal pulmonary emphysema. The pathogen and target of this IgM remain unclear. By using Western blot and amino ...
Johnson Blair - - 2007
At 12.5%, the preterm birth rate is the highest it has ever been in the US. In tandem with the rise in preterm birth is a dramatic increase in multiple birth rates. The recent trend of delayed maternal age at first birth and the associated use of assisted reproductive technologies ...
Schell-Feith Eveline A - - 2006
Nephrocalcinosis (NC) occurs frequently in preterm neonates. A high U-calcium/citrate is one of the contributing factors to the development of NC. In stone-forming children and adults citrate supplementation is a successful preventive therapy. In this randomized controlled trial the effect of citrate therapy was studied on the development of NC ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the extent to which maternal and fetal conditions necessitate medically indicated preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based, retrospective, cohort study of women who delivered a singleton live birth at 20 weeks or longer in Missouri, 1989 to 1997 was performed (n ...
Elovitz Michal A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of the recent Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit Networks clinical trial, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the administration of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate to high-risk patients. Because inflammation/infection is believed to be a contributing factor in many cases of preterm birth, it is imperative to ...
Evans Jacquelyn R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing investigation in the area of cardiovascular instability in preterm infants, huge gaps in knowledge remain. None of the current treatments for hypotension, including the use of inotropic agents, have been well studied in the preterm population, and data regarding safety and efficacy are lacking. Thus, the labeling ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the possible association between orofacial herpes during pregnancy and pregnancy complications including preterm birth and low birth weight, since the results of previous studies are inconsistent. METHOD: The population-based large data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities was used; pregnancies in mothers with ...
Nkyekyer K - - 2006
Summary To determine the singleton preterm birth rate, the relative proportions of the clinical categories of preterm births and to compare the outcomes in these categories. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. Preterm births from 1(st) July to 31(st) December 2003. Out of a total of 4731 ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2006
In 2003, 12.3% of births in the United States were preterm (< 37 completed weeks of gestation). This represents a 31% increase in the preterm birth rate since 1981. The largest contribution to this increase was from births between 34 and 36 completed weeks of gestation (often called the "near ...
Olafsen Kåre S - - 2006
This study tested the effects of optimized neonatal mother-infant transactions on joint attention performance at 12 months. Surviving infants <2000g from a geographically defined area were randomly assigned to a preterm intervention (n=71) or preterm control group (n=69). Comparisons were made between preterm groups, secondary with a term group (n=75). ...
Miranda Maria J - - 2006
Magnetic resonance arterial spin labeling (ASL) at 3 Tesla has been investigated as a quantitative technique for measuring regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) in newborn infants. RCP values were measured in 49 healthy neonates: 32 preterm infants born before 34 wk of gestation and 17 term-born neonates. Examinations were performed on ...
Catley Christina - - 2006
A reengineered approach to the early prediction of preterm birth is presented as a complimentary technique to the current procedure of using costly and invasive clinical testing on high-risk maternal populations. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are employed as a screening tool for preterm birth on a heterogeneous maternal population; risk ...
Kerk Julia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To establish a multiplex amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) in fluid and dried whole blood, and to perform a pilot study to examine the role for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of inflammation-associated genes (interleukin [IL]-1 and -10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNFA], and toll-like receptor-4 [TLR4]) and their interaction with clinical ...
Fujii Tohru - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 displays a broad spectrum of activities in mucosal regulation, including induction of oral tolerance, potent anti-inflammatory effects, mucosal IgA expression and effects on epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study examined the effect of probiotics on the immunologic system of preterm infants in ...
Magne Fabien - - 2006
Little information regarding the composition of the gut microbiota in preterm infants is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the bacterial diversity in faeces of preterm infants, using analysis of randomly cloned 16S rRNA genes and PCR-TTGE (temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis) profiles, to determine whether noncultivated ...
Loeb Lola J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preterm deliveries complicate 11% of all births within the United States. In the urban inner city population, this figure approaches approximately 18%. In one quarter to one third of these deliveries, preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) has been a causative factor. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study ...
Azargoon Azam - - 2006
Bacterial vaginosis and Trichomons vaginalis are believed to be the risk factors for preterm labor birth and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between bacterial vaginosis, T.vaginalis, and vaginal pH with preterm labor birth and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes after ...
Larsson P-G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To screen for bacterial vaginosis (BV) and to investigate the effect of treatment with vaginal clindamycin in order to observe the effect on late miscarriage and delivery prior to 37 completed weeks (primary outcome). DESIGN: Randomised consent design for clinical trials according to Zelen. SETTING: Southeast region of Sweden. ...
Camargos Paulo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy of BCG vaccination in preterm babies is unknown, and available data on conversion rates to tuberculin in this age group are scarce and controversial. This study assessed the tuberculin response in preterm infants after BCG vaccination. METHODS: This randomized cohort study was carried out at the Neonatal ...
Edwards Rodney K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the likelihood of preterm delivery is more dependent on the specific organisms present in the vagina than on the presence of bacterial vaginosis. METHODS: We evaluated the vaginal fluid of a prospective cohort of women at 23-32 weeks of gestation with signs and symptoms of preterm ...
Gray Diane - - 2006
AIM: Very preterm infants represent major consumers of health services following neonatal discharge. We examined the health service utilisation of a regional cohort of very preterm infants over the first 2 years of life, including the association with neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: A regionally based 2-year cohort of 100 very preterm ...
Krupa F G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This is a systematic review to assess published scientific evidence on preterm birth predictors. METHODS: An Internet search for predictors of preterm birth was performed and the evidence level of each method was evaluated. RESULTS: There is strong evidence that preterm birth can be predicted using vaginal sonography to ...
Lancefield Kristin - - 2006
The normal pattern of cerebral asymmetry may be altered in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. Babies born very preterm have an increased risk of brain damage, and brain abnormalities which persist into adolescence. This study aimed to ascertain whether preterm birth affects the development of fronto-occipital asymmetry. Structural ...
Shah Divyen K - - 2006
A substantial number of prematurely born infants will experience later neurodevelopmental challenges. Abnormal development of the cerebellum may be related to some of the impairments exhibited by preterm children. To test the hypothesis that cerebellar development is structurally impaired in preterm infants and associated with adverse outcomes, we studied 83 ...
Westerbeek Elisabeth A M - - 2006
The aim of this study is to review the normal development of the intestinal microflora of preterm infants and the factors influencing its development. Preterm infants have an increased intestinal permeability, which may lead to bacterial translocation to systemic organs and tissues. In combination with immaturity of the immune system ...
Horne Rosemary S C - - 2006
In Western countries, 5-11% of all infants are born before 37 weeks of gestation, and with improvements in modern intensive care techniques the number of these preterm infants that survive continues to increase. Preterm birth is one of the leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries, accounting ...
Tan T C - - 2006
Spontaneous preterm labour and delivery accounts for approximately one-third of preterm births, which is the predominant cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. This review aims to evaluate the evidence on the benefits and harms of five classes of tocolytic therapy, namely: betamimetics, calcium channel blockers, magnesium, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and ...
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