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Results 551 - 600 of 1561
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Rautava Liisi - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to test the hypothesis that the level of the delivery hospital affects 1-year mortality of very preterm infants in Finland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective national medical birth-register study included 2291 very preterm infants (gestational age of < 32 weeks at birth or birth weight of ...
Dysart Kevin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of preterm delivery on the course of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in infants born to mothers participating in a methadone maintenance program. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in which infant and maternal data were collected from the medical records of 53 preterm ...
Secher Niels Jørgen - - 2007
A literature review was performed on the effect of fish oil on preterm birth in observational and randomized studies. The only weak effect on preterm birth found in meta-analyses could be caused by the low compliance, and the fact that many women stop supplementation before term together with a fast ...
Jalaludin Bin - - 2007
The effect of individual pollutants and the period(s) during pregnancy when pollutant levels are likely to have most impact on preterm birth is not clear. We evaluated the effect of prenatal exposure to six common urban air pollutants in the Sydney metropolitan area on preterm birth. We obtained information on ...
van der Ham David P - - 2007
Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) is an important clinical problem and a dilemma for the gynaecologist. On the one hand, awaiting spontaneous labour increases the probability of infectious disease for both mother and child, whereas on the other hand induction of labour leads to preterm birth with an ...
Tomazevic T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE(S): To evaluate whether a uterus with a small septum (arcuate uterus or class VI according to the American Fertility Society (AFS) classification) behaves similarly to a uterus with a larger septum (septate or subseptate uterus or AFS class V). STUDY DESIGN: Observational study included 826 singleton deliveries to 730 ...
Hayes, Julie
The very young preterm neonate has multiple immune deficiencies which may increase his or her vulnerability to infection. Secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) plays an important role in the protection of epithelial surfaces exposed to the external environment; nevertheless controversy exists with regards to the ontogeny of SIgA in newborns and ...
Esplin Michael Sean - - 2006
Preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality and is likely the result of interactions between specific genes and the maternal or fetal environment. The strong familial clustering of disease with documented increased risks in patients with a personal or family history of preterm birth and the ...
Di Renzo G C - - 2006
Preterm birth remains one of the serious problems in perinatal medicine and is associated with an increased risk of neonatal complications and long-term morbidity. Although each day that delivery is delayed between 22 and 28 weeks of gestation increases survival by 3%, since most spontaneous preterm labour occurs between 28 ...
Królak-Olejnik Barbara - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between labor (preterm and term) and umbilical blood serum regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and melanoma growth stimulatory activity/growth-related oncogene-a (MSGA/GRO-alpha) concentration, and to determine whether early sepsis and pneumonia are associated with changes ...
Garg Meena - - 2006
Prematurity and low birth weight are important determinants of neonatal morbidity and mortality. A rising trend of preterm births is caused by an increase in the birth rate of near-term infants. Near-term infants are defined as infants of 34 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation. It is dangerous to assume that ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2006
Preterm birth (<37 weeks) complicates 12.5% of all deliveries in the USA, and remains the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity, accounting for as many as 75% of perinatal deaths. Despite the recent temporal increase in preterm birth, efforts to understand the problem of prematurity have met with little ...
De Carvalho Guerra Abecasis Francisco - - 2006
AIM: To determine the rate of rooming-in among preterm infants born in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all preterm infants born at our hospital during a 5-y period, 2000 to 2004. RESULTS: Of the 18 953 neonates born at our institution during this time, 1356 (7.2%) ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2006
The preterm birth rate (births before 37 completed weeks of gestation) has been increasing in the United States, largely driven by an increase in infants delivered between 34 and 36 weeks, often called near-term, but referred to as late preterm in this article. In 2004, the preterm birth rate was ...
Fuchs Karin - - 2006
At all gestational ages, the risks of continuing a pregnancy must be carefully balanced against the risks of delivery and the associates risk of prematurity. This concept is of increasing importance in late preterm pregnancy when medical or obstetric complications frequently warrant delivery and the risk of prematurity persists. Given ...
Klebanoff M - - 2006
It is universally accepted that acute inflammation is responsible for a substantial fraction of preterm births, particularly early cases. Much of this inflammation is caused by intrauterine infection. There is also evidence that infection and perhaps inflammation remote from the genitourinary tract can trigger preterm labour. Several studies have suggested ...
Gao Wanzhen - - 2006
AIM: To explore risk factors that are associated with preterm birth and full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth for a Pacific population. METHODS: Data were gathered from the Pacific Islands Families Study. Mothers of a cohort of 1398 Pacific infants born in South Auckland, New Zealand during 2000 were interviewed when their ...
Adamkin David H - - 2006
Much of the neonatal nutrition literature has focused on the management of very low birth weight infants, a group of infants usually less than 33 weeks gestation. Much less attention has been paid to nutritional management issues in preterm infants at higher gestations. This article reviews nutritional issues that exist ...
Watchko Jon F - - 2006
Late preterm gestation is an important risk factor for the development of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus. An exaggerated hepatic immaturity contributes to the greater prevalence, severity, and duration of neonatal jaundice in late preterm infants. Breast milk feeding is almost uniformly present and large for gestational age status, male ...
Robson M - - 2006
The purpose of this debate is to argue the merits of whether the availability of 24-hour transvaginal ultrasound service in every unit will help predict and, subsequently, prevent preterm birth. Any new test introduced will need to fulfil certain criteria. It must be acceptable in terms of risk, cost and ...
Sangild Per T - - 2006
Preterm birth is associated with immature digestive function that may require the use of total parenteral nutrition and special oral feeding regimens. Little is known about the responses to oral food in the preterm neonate and how enteral nutrients affect the immature gastrointestinal tract (GIT). In vivo studies are difficult ...
Verloove-Vanhorick S P - - 2006
Due to ever-improving medical technology over the course of the last century, the limit of viability has been lowered from around 32 weeks of gestation, first to 28 weeks and, in recent decades, to as low as less than 24 weeks. Long-term follow-up studies (Project on Preterm and Small-for-Gestational-Age Infants, ...
Lee Young Mi - - 2006
Multiple pregnancies currently account for 3% of all births in the United States but are disproportionately responsible for larger rates of prematurity and significant neonatal morbidity. The mean birth age for most multi-fetal pregnancies occurs during the late preterm period when both spontaneous preterm labor and iatrogenic premature birth because ...
Jain Shabnam - - 2006
The number of late preterm newborns (gestational age 34 to 36 weeks) is increasing in the United States and Canada. The appearance of these newborns may give a false sense of security about their well-being to practitioners and parents alike. Neonatology literature has begun to address this issue; however, there ...
Brown Nisha C - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants have higher rates of cognitive and behavioral difficulties at school age than their term-born peers. We hypothesized that neurobehavior at term would be different in very preterm infants compared with term infants and that perinatal exposures would be associated with these alterations in neurobehavior. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Dew Paul C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to determine whether there were combined effects of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drug use during pregnancy on the frequency of preterm births, and if so, the magnitude of the association after adjusting for confounding factors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of ...
Michalowicz Bryan S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal periodontal disease has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and low birth weight. We studied the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment on preterm birth. METHODS: We randomly assigned women between 13 and 17 weeks of gestation to undergo scaling and root planing either before 21 ...
Herbertz Simone - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is becoming more common in NICUs for monitoring infants after perinatal asphyxia. We used aEEGs for preterm infants, and analysed the influence of sedation and maturation on their aEEG, focusing on continuous activity. METHODS: Weekly or biweekly aEEGs were performed in preterm infants and ...
Oboro V O - - 2006
Our objective was to evaluate the association between clinical chorioamnionitis following preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM) and adverse neonatal outcome. We compared retrospectively, adverse neonatal outcome of singleton pregnancies with documented PPROM who developed chorioamnionitis (cases) with those who did not (controls). Our result showed that poor neonatal outcome ...
Murtha Amy P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN) variable number tandem repeat polymorphism is associated with preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was performed. Cases (n = 95) delivered before 37 weeks after preterm labor (PTL) or preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2006
AIM: To examine brainstem auditory function in preterm infants after perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI). METHODS: Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) was studied at 37-42 wk postconceptional age in preterm infants who suffered perinatal HI, and were compared with those in preterm and term infants without any major perinatal problems. RESULTS: None ...
Meis Paul J - - 2006
Preterm birth is a major public-health problem in the USA, which has higher rates of preterm birth than most other developed countries. Attempts at the prevention of preterm birth have been largely unsuccessful. The recent publication of a large, multicenter, randomized trial of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate, which showed efficacy in ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2007
To determine circulating levels of adiponectin in preterm infants and examine possible associations with anthropometric measurements, weight gain, and leptin and insulin levels. Prospective study. A university hospital neonatal care unit. Study population: 62 preterm (mean (SD) gestational age 32.0 (2.1) weeks) and 15 full-term infants (reference group). Blood samples ...
Namba Fumihiko - - 2006
Intrauterine infection is associated with chorioamnionitis (CAM), which can lead to preterm delivery. We previously reported that the levels of IgM and the incidence of CAM were elevated in preterm infants with neonatal pulmonary emphysema. The pathogen and target of this IgM remain unclear. By using Western blot and amino ...
Johnson Blair - - 2007
At 12.5%, the preterm birth rate is the highest it has ever been in the US. In tandem with the rise in preterm birth is a dramatic increase in multiple birth rates. The recent trend of delayed maternal age at first birth and the associated use of assisted reproductive technologies ...
Schell-Feith Eveline A - - 2006
Nephrocalcinosis (NC) occurs frequently in preterm neonates. A high U-calcium/citrate is one of the contributing factors to the development of NC. In stone-forming children and adults citrate supplementation is a successful preventive therapy. In this randomized controlled trial the effect of citrate therapy was studied on the development of NC ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the extent to which maternal and fetal conditions necessitate medically indicated preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based, retrospective, cohort study of women who delivered a singleton live birth at 20 weeks or longer in Missouri, 1989 to 1997 was performed (n ...
Elovitz Michal A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of the recent Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit Networks clinical trial, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the administration of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate to high-risk patients. Because inflammation/infection is believed to be a contributing factor in many cases of preterm birth, it is imperative to ...
Evans Jacquelyn R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing investigation in the area of cardiovascular instability in preterm infants, huge gaps in knowledge remain. None of the current treatments for hypotension, including the use of inotropic agents, have been well studied in the preterm population, and data regarding safety and efficacy are lacking. Thus, the labeling ...
Bánhidy Ferenc - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the possible association between orofacial herpes during pregnancy and pregnancy complications including preterm birth and low birth weight, since the results of previous studies are inconsistent. METHOD: The population-based large data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance System of Congenital Abnormalities was used; pregnancies in mothers with ...
Nkyekyer K - - 2006
Summary To determine the singleton preterm birth rate, the relative proportions of the clinical categories of preterm births and to compare the outcomes in these categories. Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital. Preterm births from 1(st) July to 31(st) December 2003. Out of a total of 4731 ...
Raju Tonse N K - - 2006
In 2003, 12.3% of births in the United States were preterm (< 37 completed weeks of gestation). This represents a 31% increase in the preterm birth rate since 1981. The largest contribution to this increase was from births between 34 and 36 completed weeks of gestation (often called the "near ...
Olafsen Kåre S - - 2006
This study tested the effects of optimized neonatal mother-infant transactions on joint attention performance at 12 months. Surviving infants <2000g from a geographically defined area were randomly assigned to a preterm intervention (n=71) or preterm control group (n=69). Comparisons were made between preterm groups, secondary with a term group (n=75). ...
Miranda Maria J - - 2006
Magnetic resonance arterial spin labeling (ASL) at 3 Tesla has been investigated as a quantitative technique for measuring regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) in newborn infants. RCP values were measured in 49 healthy neonates: 32 preterm infants born before 34 wk of gestation and 17 term-born neonates. Examinations were performed on ...
Catley Christina - - 2006
A reengineered approach to the early prediction of preterm birth is presented as a complimentary technique to the current procedure of using costly and invasive clinical testing on high-risk maternal populations. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are employed as a screening tool for preterm birth on a heterogeneous maternal population; risk ...
Kerk Julia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To establish a multiplex amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) in fluid and dried whole blood, and to perform a pilot study to examine the role for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of inflammation-associated genes (interleukin [IL]-1 and -10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNFA], and toll-like receptor-4 [TLR4]) and their interaction with clinical ...
Fujii Tohru - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 displays a broad spectrum of activities in mucosal regulation, including induction of oral tolerance, potent anti-inflammatory effects, mucosal IgA expression and effects on epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. The present study examined the effect of probiotics on the immunologic system of preterm infants in ...
Magne Fabien - - 2006
Little information regarding the composition of the gut microbiota in preterm infants is available. The purpose of this study was to investigate the bacterial diversity in faeces of preterm infants, using analysis of randomly cloned 16S rRNA genes and PCR-TTGE (temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis) profiles, to determine whether noncultivated ...
Loeb Lola J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preterm deliveries complicate 11% of all births within the United States. In the urban inner city population, this figure approaches approximately 18%. In one quarter to one third of these deliveries, preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) has been a causative factor. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study ...
Azargoon Azam - - 2006
Bacterial vaginosis and Trichomons vaginalis are believed to be the risk factors for preterm labor birth and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between bacterial vaginosis, T.vaginalis, and vaginal pH with preterm labor birth and preterm prelabor rupture of membranes after ...
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