Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1562
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Groves A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical methods of assessing adequacy of the circulation are poor predictors of volume of blood flow in the newborn preterm. Doppler echocardiography can be used to assess perfusion at various sites in the circulation. OBJECTIVE: To assess repeatability of measurement of volume of superior vena caval (SVC) and descending ...
Lindström Karolina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of infants born preterm survive into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the effect of having been born preterm on disability and vocational success in young adults. METHODS: A Swedish national cohort of 522,310 infants born in 1973-1979 were followed up for disabilities and income in national ...
Foran Adrienne M AM Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, London W12 OHS, - - 2007
We aimed to establish the feasibility of acquiring 3.0-T cardiac MRIs without sedation, anesthesia, or breath-holding for preterm infants and to obtain preliminary quantitative data on left ventricular function in this population. Twelve preterm infants underwent 3.0-T cardiac MRI without sedation or breath-holding. The median gestational age was 29 weeks ...
Gianni M L - - 2008
Preterm infants are at increased risk of low bone mass. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) is a non-invasive method for assessment of bone status. The application of QUS in a cohort of ex-preterm infants was investigated. This study suggests that QUS cannot be used as a surrogate for dual-energy x ray absorptiometry.
See L-C - - 2007
Whether foreign-born status confers a protective effect on preterm birth in Taiwan was investigated using singleton live birth data from the 2004 Taiwan Birth Registry (n = 211,946). Newborns of foreign-born mothers (FBMs) comprised 13.7% of the population. The preterm birth rate of newborns of FBMs (5.9%) was significantly lower ...
Hernandez-Reif Maria M Touch Research Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, United States. - - 2007
Preterm infants residing in an NICU were randomly assigned to a massage therapy or to a control group. The preterm infants in the massage therapy group received three 15-min massages each day for 5 consecutive days, with the massages consisting of moderate pressure stroking to the head, shoulders, back, arms ...
Verstraelen Hans - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify women at risk of spontaneous preterm birth through a 4-category Gram-stained vaginal smear method, not restricted to bacterial vaginosis. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study correlating Gram-stained vaginal smears in early pregnancy with spontaneous preterm birth. Smears were categorized ...
Holsti Liisa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment and treatment of pain and stress in preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is vital because pain and stress responses have been linked to long-term alterations in development in this population. PURPOSE: To review the evidence of specific extremity movements in preterm infants as observed ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2007
Recurrent preterm birth is frequently defined as two or more deliveries before 37 completed weeks of gestation. The recurrence rate varies as a function of the antecedent for preterm birth: spontaneous versus indicated. Spontaneous preterm birth is the result of either preterm labor with intact membranes or preterm prelabor rupture ...
Espinoza Jimmy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Patients with an episode of preterm labor that subsides in response to tocolysis and who, subsequently, deliver at term are considered to have false preterm labor. However, the episode of "preterm labor" may represent the uterine response (ie, uterine contractions) to an insult not severe enough to trigger preterm ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2007
Conservative management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM) remote from term has been associated with significant pregnancy prolongation and has been shown to reduce infant complications when prophylactic antibiotics and antenatal corticosteroids are given concurrently. However, the majority of conservatively managed women with pPROM will deliver within 1 ...
Jeng Suh-Fang - - 2008
An increasing number of studies have examined the development of walking in preterm infants; however, the results concerning those who had no major neonatal disease were inconclusive. This study was therefore aimed to examine the age of onset, the quality of early walking movement, and the sensitivity to resonant period ...
Simcox Rachael - - 2007
Cervical cerclage has been used in the management of cervical insufficiency for several decades, yet the indications are uncertain and benefits marginal. It remains a controversial intervention. The diagnosis of cervical insufficiency is traditionally based on a history of recurrent second trimester miscarriages, or very preterm delivery whereby the cervix ...
Reedy Nancy Jo - - 2007
Prematurity is the single greatest cause of morbidity and mortality in obstetrics. Families, health care services, and education systems experience the impact of prematurity for the lifetime of the preterm-born child. Health care providers have tried to lower the preterm birth rate with prevention both before and during pregnancy and ...
Gazolla Catia M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Preterm low birth weight was reported to be related to periodontal infections that might influence the fetus-placenta complex. The aim of this study was to provide periodontal treatment for pregnant women and to evaluate if this treatment can interfere with pregnancy duration and weight of the newborn. METHODS: The ...
Cholevas V - - 2008
The effects of perinatal problems on red cell phosphate metabolism were studied in two groups of infants (preterms B and fullterms D) during the first month of life. All infants started milk feeding from day three after birth. The results were compared to those of healthy preterms (A) and fullterms ...
Vogel Ida - - 2007
This study aimed to analyze the associations between serum and cervicovaginal inflammatory markers and recurrent spontaneous preterm birth in a cohort study of 62 pregnant women with > or =1 prior early spontaneous birth. Serum samples and cervicovaginal swabs from the women were obtained at enrollment in early second trimester ...
Grimes-Dennis Jacqueline - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To present a summary of the literature and most recent advances in the clinical use of cervical length for the prediction of preterm birth. RECENT FINDINGS: Cervical length is predictive of preterm birth in all populations studied, including asymptomatic women with prior cone biopsy, mullerian anomalies, or ...
Amador-Licona Norma - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare vascular resistance, renal volume and insulin levels in preterm infants with and without antenatal steroids. METHODS: We studied 61 preterm infants (37 with (group A) and 24 without antecedent of antenatal steroids (group B)). We measured insulin levels at birth in cord blood samples. Ultrasound measurements to ...
Rizek Rose M - - 2007
Prostaglandins play a central role in the stimulation and maintenance of both term and preterm labor. 15-Hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH), localized primarily to chorion trophoblasts, is the key enzyme responsible for the metabolism of prostaglandins. In preterm chorion, levels of PGDH protein and activity were lower when compared to term and ...
Commare Coryn E - - 2007
The incidence of preterm births has continued to increase over the past 25 years, and therefore the optimal feeding of these infants is an important clinical concern. This review focuses on intestinal development and physiology, with a particular emphasis on developmentally immature functions of the preterm intestine and the resulting ...
- - 2007
Preterm delivery occurs in approximately 12% of all births in the United States and is a major factor contributing to perinatal morbidity and mortality (1, 2). Despite extensive research in this area, the rate of preterm birth has increased by 38% since 1981 (3). Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is ...
Srinivasan Latha L Department of Pediatrics, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 0NS, United - - 2007
Nonhypothesis-based MRI-analysis techniques including deformation-based morphometry and automated tissue segmentation have suggested that preterm infants at term-equivalent age have reduced tissue volume in the basal ganglia and thalami, which is most apparent among infants with supratentorial lesions. The aim of our study was to test this hypothesis by direct measurement ...
Wingate Martha S - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose was to compare the two different measures of gestational age currently used on birth certificates (the duration of pregnancy based on the date of last menstrual period [LMP] and the clinical estimate [CE] as related to health status indicators. We contrasted these measures by race/ethnicity. METHODS: NCHS ...
Staiano Annamaria - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High-resolution manometry demonstrates a chain of 3 sequential pressure segments that represent esophageal peristalsis in children and adults. We performed high-resolution manometry in preterm and term neonates to determine the ontogenesis of esophageal motility with regard to this segmental architecture. METHODS: Sixteen preterm (gestational age 32.9 +/- ...
Clothier B - - 2007
Despite the many advances in medicine, the rate of preterm birth has not significantly decreased in the United States over the past several decades. In fact, the rate rose in 2003 to more than 12% of all births in the United States. This equates to over half a million premature ...
Loui A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that very low birth weight (VLBW) infants have reduced serum and red blood cell (RBC) selenium (Se) at birth, which decrease further with current nutrition and are associated with chronic lung disease and septicaemia. DESIGN: We studied Se intake, concentration in serum and RBCs and glutathione peroxidase ...
Koivisto M - - 2007
AIM: To determine the impact of antenatal glucocorticoid on neonatal glucose homeostasis. METHODS: This is a retrospective gestationally paired survey followed by a randomized study. On the basis of the interval between last antenatal dexamethasone and birth, 228 preterm infants born before 34 weeks were divided into Short (< 24 ...
Clements Karen M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Characterizing the cost of preterm birth is important in assessing the impact of increasing prematurity rates and evaluating the cost-effectiveness of therapies to prevent preterm delivery. To assess early intervention costs that are associated with preterm births, we estimated the program cost of early intervention services for children who ...
Ashmeade Terri - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Quantitative ultrasound measurement of the speed of sound (SOS) through bone has been investigated as a means of assessing bone status in preterm infants. Few studies report longitudinal measurements. OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal changes in bone SOS in preterm infants. METHODS: Sixty preterm infants with gestational ages of < ...
Kuint Jacob - - 2007
The aim of this study is to evaluate and characterize amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram tracings in preterm infants at varying gestational ages. Eighty-six amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram traces (1.5-9 hours in duration each) were recorded in 32 preterm infants (24-41 weeks of postconception age) during the study period (July 1, 2001, through August 31, ...
Pennell Craig E - - 2007
Over the last decade, it has become increasingly apparent that the cause of preterm birth is multifactorial, involving both genetic and environmental factors. With the development of new technologies capable of probing the genome, exciting possibilities now present themselves to gain new insight into the mechanisms leading to preterm birth. ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2007
Pregnancy outcomes in the United States and other developed countries are considerably better than those in many developing countries. However, adverse pregnancy outcomes are generally more common in the United States than in other developed countries. Low-birth-weight infants, born after a preterm birth or secondary to intrauterine growth restriction, account ...
Meirhaeghe Aline - - 2007
The links between preterm birth, low birth weight, and adult vascular/metabolic morbidity remain unclear. Genetic susceptibility of babies related to these three conditions might contribute to this long-term association. We tested whether the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) gene could play a role in birth weight ...
Kistka Zachary A-F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that black race independent of other factors increases the risk for extreme preterm birth and its frequency of recurrence at a similar gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Missouri Department of Health's maternally linked database of all births in ...
Vergnes Jean-Noël - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the effect of maternal periodontal disease on preterm delivery and/or birth of low-weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a meta-analytic review of 5 medical databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, BIOSIS and PASCAL) for human observational studies linking preterm delivery and/or birth of low-weight infants ...
Hui Dini - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We wished to determine prescribing practices of obstetricians in Canada regarding tocolytics, antenatal corticosteroids, and progesterone for women at increased risk of preterm labour and birth, and to determine whether these practices changed between 1997-98 and 2004. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys of Canadian obstetricians were conducted. The initial survey ...
Misra Dawn P DP Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine how vaginal douching may influence risk of preterm birth. We conducted a hybrid cohort study on risk factors for preterm birth. African American women who resided in Baltimore City, Maryland, were enrolled prenatally if they received prenatal care at 1 of 4 ...
Zemlin Michael - - 2007
During the perinatal period the development of the IgH chain CDR3 (CDR-H3) repertoire of IgM transcripts is maturity-dependent and not influenced by premature exposure to Ag. To study whether maturity-dependent restrictions also predominate in the perinatal IgG repertoire we compared 1000 IgG transcripts from cord blood and venous blood of ...
Neu Madalynn - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The increased use of salivary cortisol as a biomarker of stress and/or diurnal rhythms has facilitated research of Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA)function. Saliva collection remains problematic with preterm infants. The twofold purpose of this study is to 1) establish validity of the filter paper method for saliva collection and ...
Olson David M - - 2007
Parturition is composed of five separate but integrated physiological events: fetal membrane rupture, cervical dilatation, myometrial contractility, placental separation, and uterine involution. Prostaglandins (PGs) have central roles in each of these events, but the most studied is myometrial contraction. Elevated uterine PGs or the enhanced sensitivity of the myometrium to ...
Stoupel Elyiahu - - 2007
Recent studies have reported links between external physical factors and human homeostasis. OBJECTIVE: to determine whether the monthly values of specific physical environmental factors are associated with the monthly number of preterm births in a major medical center in Israel. METHODS: The sample included 1006 infants weighing less than 1500g ...
López Bernal Andrés - - 2007
Preterm birth remains a major cause of perinatal mortality and long term handicap in surviving infants. This is one of the most important clinical problems in Europe and across the world. While some preterm births are iatrogenic, associated with severe complications of pregnancy (e.g. hypertensive disorders, antepartum haemorrhage, infection), or ...
Dalgiç Nazan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Free radical production is increased by the administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and may be linked to its adverse effects. Some of the complications of TPN can be ameliorated by partial enteral feeding. In the present study, we investigated plasma nitrate/nitrite (NO(2)/NO(3)) levels in newborns under parenteral and ...
Kipiani T - - 2007
Prematurity represents one of the risk factors of newborns' mortality, morbidity and derangements of long-term neurological development. With the increase of number of preterm newborns, problems with subsequent neurological development have also increased. Preterm population deserves great interest and a lot of investigations have been carried out in order to ...
DeFranco Emily - - 2007
The high prevalence, increasing frequency, and adverse outcomes for mothers and infants of preterm birth have led to heightened awareness of this public health concern. The causes of preterm birth are likely to be multifactorial, with genetic, infectious, nutritional, behavioral, and other environmental contributors. Because of important differences in the ...
Abrahám Hajnalka - - 2007
The development of cerebral cortex includes highly organized, elaborate and long-lasting series of events, which do not come to an end by the time of birth. Indeed, many developmental events continue after the 40th postconceptual week resulting in a long morphological, behavioral and cognitive development of children. Premature birth causes ...
De Barna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between maternal low birth weight and preterm delivery risk. METHODS: Information concerning maternal birth weight was collected during in-person interviews. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Preterm delivery cases were studied in aggregate, in subgroups (spontaneous ...
Mitanchez Delphine - - 2007
After birth, continuous transplacental transfer of glucose is interrupted. Neonates have to provide brain and vital organs with sufficient glucose. In term newborn infants, this is accomplished through well-coordinated hormonal and metabolic adaptive changes. During the first week of life, preterm infants are at high risk of abnormal glucose homeostasis. ...
Tribe Rachel Marie - - 2007
Preterm labour continues to be a major contributor to neonatal and infant morbidity. Recent data from the USA indicate that the number of preterm deliveries (including those associated with preterm labour) has risen in the last 20 years by 30%. This increase is despite considerable efforts to introduce new therapies ...
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