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Results 451 - 500 of 1562
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Haas David M - - 2008
Preterm birth occurs in about 5-10% of all births in resource-rich countries, but in recent years the incidence seems to have increased in some countries, particularly the USA. We found little reliable evidence for incidence in resource-poor countries. The rate in northwestern Ethiopia has been reported to vary from 11-22%, ...
Slattery Michael M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric antecedents for preterm delivery (PTD) in an Irish urban obstetric population, and to evaluate the incidence and outcome of such deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of all preterm deliveries at the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin during the six-year period 1997-2002. The findings for early ...
Dani Carlo - - 2008
Many authors have hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) might acutely improve oxygenation in preterm neonates with infant respiratory distress syndrome (iRDS) and decrease the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The studies on the effects of iNO in preterm infants with iRDS have given contradictory results. We report their main methodological ...
Pawlowski M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A high percentage of preterm neonates are born small for gestational age (SGA). These children show a high morbidity and mortality after birth and often develop insulin resistance with ensuing impaired glucose metabolism in adulthood. Since insulin is important for intrauterine growth, fetal insulin resistance might also influence birth ...
Stumm Susan - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Suck development is a challenging hurdle for preterm infants who endure an extensive oxygen history due to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The fine structure of the non-nutritive suck (NNS) was studied in preterm infants according to RDS severity. DESIGN AND METHODS: Recordings of NNS were completed cribside ...
Zylinska Ludmila - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Magnesium is required for the proper activity of many metabolic pathways in every cell type. Mg deficiency gives rise to preterm birth and low body weight that are associated with pathological circumstances, including disturbed ions homeostasis and insufficient antioxidant protection. Antenatal MgSO(4) treatment has been reported to exhibit a ...
Menon Ramkumar - - 2008
Preterm labor leading to preterm delivery (<37 weeks' gestation) affects approximately 5-7% of live births in developed countries, but significantly higher in developing countries. Prematurity due to preterm birth (PTB) accounts for around 28% of neonatal mortality worldwide. Approximately 45-50% of PTBs are idiopathic or spontaneous, 30% are related to ...
Heimonen Aura - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that poor oral health and periodontal disease, in particular, associate with adverse birth outcomes. However, previous reports on the topic are conflicting. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was therefore to compare the oral health parameters of a racially and socio-economically homogeneous group of ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: International comparison and time trend surveillance of preterm delivery rates is complex. New techniques that could facilitate interpretation of such rates are needed. METHODS: We studied all live births and stillbirths (>or= 28 weeks gestation) registered in the medical birth registers in Sweden, Denmark and Norway from 1995 through ...
Gray R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The preterm birth rate in Scotland has been increasing in recent years. Although preterm birth rates show a social gradient, it is unclear how this gradient has been affected by the overall increase. We examined time trends in singleton live preterm birth rates in relation to area-based socio-economic indicators. ...
Hollegaard Mads Vilhelm - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between 19 selected single nucleotide polymorphisms in three cytokine genes, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFA), interleukin 1-beta (IL1B) and interleukin 6 (IL6) and preterm birth (<37 weeks' gestation). DESIGN: Case-control association study. SAMPLE: A total of 117 singleton pregnant Danish Caucasian women, including 62 preterm ...
Mason Mary V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P) on reducing the rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions and premature births in a managed Medicaid population that has a history of preterm delivery. Specifically, to measure the effect of initiating 17P treatment during the recommended time frame ...
Kiefer Daniel G - - 2008
Spontaneous preterm birth remains a significant problem in the United States despite intense research to decrease its prevalence. Strategies have been limited by inability to identify patients at risk for preterm birth, as the majority of patients do not have historical risk factors. The development of an assay to detect ...
Kaufman Jay S - - 2008
Birth before the 37th week of gestation (preterm birth) is an important cause of infant and neonatal mortality, but has been little studied outside of wealthy nations. Chile is an urbanized Latin American nation classified as "middle-income" based on its annual income per capita of about $6000. We studied the ...
Westerbeek Elisabeth A M - - 2008
Prevention of serious infections in preterm infants is a challenge, since prematurity and low birth weight often requires many interventions and high utility of devices. Furthermore, the possibility to administer enteral nutrition is limited due to immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract in the presence of a developing immune system. In ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2008
Fetal fibronectin (FFN) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein localized at the maternal-fetal interface of the amniotic membranes, between chorion and decidua, where it is concentrated in this area between decidua and trophoblast. In normal conditions, FFN is found at very low levels in cervico-vaginal secretions. Levels greater than or equal ...
Ramagopalan Sreeram V SV Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Roosevelt Drive, Headington, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK. - - 2008
Genetic and environmental factors have important roles in multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility. A clear parent of origin effect has been shown in several populations, perhaps resulting from factors operating during gestation. Preterm birth (birth at less than 37 weeks gestational age) has been shown to result in long-term health problems, ...
Plunkett Jevon J Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2008
Adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia and placental abruption, are common, with acute and long-term complications for both the mother and infant. Etiologies underlying such adverse outcomes are not well understood. As maternal and fetal genetic factors may influence these outcomes, we estimated the magnitude of familial aggregation ...
Tatad A M Francesca - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Neonatal susceptibility to bacterial infection is associated with an immature immune system, but the role of different bacterial antigens in specific responses is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in intracellular cytokine response to physiologically relevant bacterial antigens in term and preterm infants as compared with adults. METHODS: Cord ...
Helve Otto - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In the newborn infant, removal of fetal lung liquid from the airways depends on ion transport through the airway epithelium. The epithelial sodium channel is considered rate limiting for the postnatal clearance of lung liquid, but it is unknown whether during the early postnatal period the expression of epithelial ...
Franco K??tia Maria Dmytraczenko - - 2007
This study investigated possible prenatal and neonatal variables that may influence the prevalence of tooth enamel hypoplasia in preterm and low birth weight children (LBW) and a matched control group of term children with normal birth weight (NBW). The study sample consisted of 61 children born preterm and with LBW ...
Roggero Paola - - 2007
Assessment of body and weight gain composition is one of the major keys for the evaluation of nutritional requirements in preterm and term infants. The changes in body composition during the first years of life seem to play an important role in the nutritional programming of adult morbidity. Noninvasive and ...
Czeizel Andrew E - - 2007
AIMS: To use the data set of the Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities (HCCSCA) for the evaluation of birth outcomes beyond congenital abnormalities and to show as example the study of 49 antimicrobial drugs used in Hungary for the reduction of preterm births. METHODS: The population-based data set of ...
Engle William A - - 2007
Late-preterm infants, defined by birth at 34(0/7) through 36(6/7) weeks' gestation, are less physiologically and metabolically mature than term infants. Thus, they are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality than term infants. The purpose of this report is to define "late preterm," recommend a change in terminology from "near ...
Yeast John D - - 2007
Preterm delivery is the largest contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In the United States, nearly 1 in every 8 infants is born prematurely. Although a portion of these births are indicated preterm deliveries, the frequency of spontaneous preterm birth has remained largely constant over the past ...
Wilcox Allen J - - 2008
Women who deliver preterm (<37 completed weeks' gestation) are at high risk for recurrence. This has prompted exploration of candidate genes (both maternal and fetal) associated with preterm delivery. Epidemiologists can use recurrence patterns of preterm delivery across generations to assess the relative contributions of maternal and fetal genes. The ...
Hsu Hui-Chin - - 2008
Maternal still face is a robust experimental procedure designed to examine infants' sensitivity to social contingency and reactivity to its violation. To extend earlier research on the still-face effect on term infants in Western cultures, the present study compared Taiwanese term and preterm infants' attention and affective response to and ...
Lee Sue J - - 2008
Although much is known about the incidence and burden of preterm birth, its biological mechanisms are not well understood. While several studies have suggested that high levels of air pollution or exposure to particular climatic factors may be associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, other studies do not ...
Pladys Patrick - - 2008
While hypoxic events with bradycardias are a frequent occurrence during the first weeks of life in preterm infants, the impact of preterm birth on maturation of the cardiovascular response to hypoxia in early postnatal life is unknown. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that preterm birth influences postnatal ...
Krediet Tannette G - - 2007
Evidence is increasing for a role of polymorphisms in maternal or fetal innate immune response genes in preterm birth. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important receptors in the innate immunity. The genotype distribution of two TLR2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and one TLR4 SNP were determined among 524 neonates and associated ...
O'Brien J M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Treatment of preterm labor with tocolysis has not been successful in improving infant outcome. The administration of progesterone and related compounds has been proposed as a strategy to prevent preterm birth. The objective of this trial was ...
Rodrigues Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the relationship between physical abuse during pregnancy and preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a hospital-based survey on physical abuse during pregnancy, which included 2660 women with consecutive live births. Women were interviewed and violence was assessed using the Abuse Assessment Screen. Data ...
Noor Shehla - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed as well as in underdeveloped countries. In one third of the patients with preterm labour there is associated premature rupture of membranes. This prospective observational study was carried out in Ayub Teaching Hospital to determine the prevalence ...
Calhoun Byron C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the human and monetary cost consequences of preterm delivery as related to induced abortion (IA), with its impact on informed consent and medical malpractice. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the literature in English was performed to assess the effect of IA on preterm delivery rates from 24 ...
DeFranco E A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of vaginal progesterone to prevent early preterm birth in women with sonographic evidence of a short cervical length in the midtrimester. METHODS: This was a planned, but modified, secondary analysis of our multinational, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, in which women were randomized between 18 + ...
Korvenranta Emmi - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the effect of maternal, infant and birth hospital district related factors on the length of initial hospital stay in very preterm infants. In addition, rehospitalization rate within the first year from the initial discharge was studied. METHODS: A register study covering all very preterm infants (gestational age ...
Qin Cheng - - 2007
In recent years, national vital statistics data indicate that the US preterm delivery rate has decreased among African Americans and increased among whites. These trends in preterm delivery rates may have been affected, in part, by improvements in the accuracy of gestational age reporting on birth certificates. Several data-editing methods ...
Chen Brian H - - 2007
The occurrence of preterm delivery has been increasing in the U.S. Previous studies have identified risk factors for preterm delivery that may have genetic influences. We conducted a case-control study comparing the frequencies of 49 genetic polymorphisms among 62 preterm infants and 553 term infants. The polymorphisms that we examined ...
Ambe J P - - 2007
There is little or no report of preterm (babies born less than 37 completed weeks of gestation) admission from this part of Sahel Savannah of Nigeria. This study of four-year period is presented to identify areas that require improvement, such as in the Labour ward and neonatal care. The case ...
Grandi Carlos - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine if and which birth defects (BDs) are risk factors for spontaneous preterm delivery, and to quantify that risk. A case-control study of spontaneously delivered term (n = 21,093) and preterm (n = 2937; 12.2%) liveborn neonates, between 1996 and 2000, at Ramón ...
Wilkinson Malcolm H - - 2007
Previous studies of the maturation of periodic breathing cycle duration (PCD) with postnatal age in infants have yielded conflicting results. PCD is reported to fall in term infants over the first 6 mo postnatally, whereas in preterm infants PCD is reported either not to change or to fall. Contrary to ...
Lavoie Pascal M - - 2007
We report a sick preterm neonate with a dramatic ileus presentation mimicking necrotizing enterocolitis that promptly reversed upon hydrocortisone supplementation. Because our case illustrates a previously unsuspected clinical visage of inadequate adrenal responses in sick preterm neonates, it also emphasizes the need for improved diagnostic algorithms to identify neonates who ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2007
The objective of the study was to investigate whether spontaneous and iatrogenic preterm births are associated with different paediatric outcomes. A nationwide population-based study comprising 1 010 487 singletons used data from 1991 to 2001 from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register. Intrauterine fetal deaths, ...
Malowany Janet I - - 2007
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of enoxaparin therapy in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Level III NICU in a Canadian academic center. PATIENTS: All neonates treated with enoxaparin while in the NICU between January 1, 1998, and June 1, 2006. MEASUREMENTS ...
Mikkola Kaija - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We have previously reported an increased cardiac workload in newborn preterm small (SGA) infants, but not in infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA). We hypothesized that these cardiovascular changes will persist at follow-up at 5 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed blood pressure, echocardiography, and skin perfusion with ...
Dalziel Stuart R - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine if preterm birth is associated with socioeconomic status (SES), psychological functioning, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adulthood. We used prospective follow-up of 192 adult offspring of mothers who took part in a randomized controlled trial of antenatal betamethasone for the ...
Smith Lucy K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between infection and socioeconomic deprivation among mothers of spontaneous very preterm infants to contribute to the understanding of the deprivation gap in the incidence of very preterm birth. METHODS: We used comprehensive data from a large retrospective study of very preterm birth in a U. ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of spontaneous preterm birth based on transvaginal ultrasound cervical length and gestational age at which cervical length was measured. METHODS: Women at high risk for spontaneous preterm birth and with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length measurements between weeks 12 and 32 were identified at one institution ...
Spong Catherine Y - - 2007
Rates of preterm birth have continued to rise despite intensive research efforts over the last several decades. A woman who has a spontaneous preterm birth is at high risk for a subsequent preterm birth. Studies have identified clinical, sonographic, and biochemical markers that help to identify the women at highest ...
Altuncu Emel - - 2007
Activated recombinant factor VIIa was administered to a preterm infant with bleeding diasthesis and a huge subdural hematoma that could not be controlled by the blood products. The coagulation tests were normalized the following day. Recombinant factor VIIa can be a choice in selected cases with intractable bleedings unesponsive to ...
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