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Colomar Mercedes M Montevideo Clinical and Epidemiological Research Unit, UNICEM, Hosp Clinicas, Av Italia s/n, Montevideo, Uruguay, - - 2014
To explore attitudes of physicians attending births in the public and private sectors and at the managerial level toward cesarean birth in Nicaragua. A qualitative study was conducted consisting of four focus groups with 17 physicians and nine in-depth interviews with decision-makers. Although study participants listed many advantages of vaginal ...
Charafeddine Lama L Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, - - 2014
To explore physicians' opinions and attitudes regarding resuscitation of extremely premature infants (EPIs) in a developing country with suboptimal resources. A survey was developed, revised, and pilot-tested. All 964 paediatricians registered in the Lebanese Order of Physicians were contacted; physicians involved in resuscitation of EPIs were eligible. Between February and ...
Wardi Gabriel G Department of Emergency Medicine, UC San Diego Health System, San Diego, - - 2014
Jaundiced infants are uncommon in most emergency departments (EDs). Biliary rupture remains one of the more rare and less described causes of this condition. A 5-month-old male presented to our ED with scleral icterus, increasing abdominal distention, and increased irritability. A bedside ultrasound revealed a moderate amount of ascites and ...
Obladen Michael M Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
This paper collects information on artificial infant feeding published before 1860, the year when commercial formula became available. We have extensive artifactual evidence of thousands of feeding vessels since the Bronze Age. Special museum collections can be found in London, Paris, Cologne, Fécamp, Toronto, New Mexico, and elsewhere. The literature ...
Atanaskovic-Markovic M M University Children's Hospital, Medical Faculty University of Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2014
The arm of this review was to help general pediatricians and primary care physicians in diagnosing and managing cow's milk protein allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants. Allergic proctocolitis is a cause of rectal bleeding in exclusively breast-fed infants aged from 1 to 6 months. It is due, to cow's milk ...
Alramdhan Abdullah M AM Post-Graduate Center of Family and Community Medicine, Public Health Department, Ministry of Health, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (13) 5886468. E-mail: - - 2014
To describe the maternal practices and awareness of vitamin D supplementation in infants, and factors affecting these practices in Eastern Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 606 mothers attending community-based primary health centers in Al-Ahsa, Eastern Saudi Arabia between March and April 2012. A 22-item questionnaire was used ...
Stroustrup Annemarie A Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, N.Y., - - 2014
Background: Fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) is a poorly understood condition in which the placenta allows transmission of fetal whole blood to the mother. FMH can cause fetal anemia resulting in critical illness, death or lifelong disability. Ascertainment of the incidence of FMH is limited by reliance on retrospective studies that are ...
Ito Jun J Department of Social Medicine, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan; Division of Developmental Social Medicine, Department of Public Health and Occupational Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between breastfeeding and atopic dermatitis (AD) up to the age 42 months. Data from a nationally representative population-based birth cohort study in Japan were used (N = 38,757). Feeding pattern and breastfeeding duration were investigated via questionnaires when infants were aged ...
Chauhan Monika - - 2013
Among currently available surgical options for the first stage of surgery for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), the hybrid procedure is relatively new and less well known among primary care and emergency physicians. This procedure involves placement of a stent within the ductus arteriosus to maintain systemic blood ...
Colson Eve R ER Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2013
A strong association between infant bed sharing and sudden infant death syndrome or unintentional sleep-related death in infants has been established. Occurrences of unintentional sleep-related deaths among infants appear to be increasing. To determine the trends and factors associated with infant bed sharing from 1993 through 2010, including the association ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat - - 2013
Background: Bedside chest radiographs used for the confirmation of diagnosis of pneumothorax in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are routinely obtained in the supine position. However, pneumothoraces may not appear in the classically described forms on these radiographs, resulting in a delayed diagnosis. Objective: To assess the utility of ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat - - 2013
Inclusion cysts of transient nature during the neonatal period are developmental lesions, which are seen in the oral cavity of the newborn infant. These lesions are classified into three subtypes according to their localizations. When noticed by the anxious parents on the gingival surfaces, they are often mistaken for natal ...
Yoshihara Shigemi - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Palivizumab effectively prevents severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease in preterm infants. Our objective was to test whether palivizumab prophylaxis given to preterm infants during the first RSV season reduces the incidence of subsequent recurrent wheezing up to 3 years of life.METHODS:We conducted an observational prospective multicenter (52 ...
Sattari Maryam - - 2013
To identify work-related predictors of breastfeeding duration among female physicians. Data on 238 children were obtained from 50 female physicians, whose main affiliation was with Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD), and 80 female physicians, whose main affiliation was with the University of Florida (Gainesville, FL). We used a mixed linear ...
O'Hara Margaret H MH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, - - 2013
This study compares outcomes at a hospital-linked, physician-led, birthing center to a traditional hospital labor and delivery service. Using de-identified electronic medical records, a retrospective cohort design was employed to evaluate 32,174 singleton births during 1998-2005. Compared with hospital service, birth care center delivery was associated with a lower rate ...
Bell Edward F - - 2013
Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of Romanian physicians toward withholding and withdrawing intensive care for infants whose prognosis is very poor.Methods A survey tool was developed by the authors and completed by participants in the annual meeting of the Neonatology Association of Romania.Results The ...
Santos João V - - 2013
Our study presents the results of a survey of physicians and/or researchers working in 21 European countries, on their opinion about the relevance of perinatal indicators, in order to compare it with the EURO-PERISTAT recommendations. In this cross-sectional study, we selected 21 out of the initial set of 34 indicators ...
Torrazza Roberto Murgas RM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1600 Southwest Archer Road, Box 100296, HD Building Room 112, Gainesville, FL 32610-0296, - - 2013
Current evidence highlights the importance of developing a healthy intestinal microbiota in the neonate. Many aspects that promote health or disease are related to the homeostasis of these intestinal microbiota. Their delicate equilibrium could be strongly influenced by the intervention that physicians perform as part of the medical care of ...
Sattari Maryam M Department of Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. - - 2013
Despite excellent breastfeeding initiation rates, physician mothers as a group are at risk of premature breastfeeding cessation. The main obstacles and reasons for breastfeeding cessation among physician mothers are work-related. We conducted this study to further explore physician mothers' personal infant feeding decisions and behavior as well as their clinical ...
Power Michael L ML American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Research Department, Washington, DC 20090-6920, USA. - - 2013
Late preterm birth (LPTB) accounts for most preterm births and has been increasing, associated with increases in cesarean sections and inductions at this gestational age. A self-administered survey, consisting of questions about opinions, knowledge, and practices regarding LPTB, was mailed to 1232 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Fellows ...
Frize Monique - - 2013
Family-centered care is becoming the new standard for Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) patients. In support of this, we developed the Physician PArent Decision Support System (PPADS), which provides clinical updates and predictions of clinical outcomes for infants in the NICU to the neonatologists, and provides an aid to parents ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
The definition and criterion of death have been rendered ambiguous by developments in organ support technology, particularly the positive-pressure ventilator and vasopressor medications, that uncouple the unitary loss of vital functions in death and create cases in which the brain has been destroyed while circulation and ventilation can be supported. ...
Silver David W - - 2012
Any delivery in the emergency department is considered a precipitous birth and is an anxiety-producing event. Many deliveries proceed without incident. However, the emergency physician must be prepared for several dreaded scenarios, such as nuchal cord, shoulder dystocia, and breech birth. This article reviews the basics, complications, and management of ...
Kundak Ahmet Afşin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze non benign neonatal arrhythmias (NA) observed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: From June 2006 through July 2011, newborns admitted to the NICU for NA or diagnosed as NA after hospitalization were evaluated retrospectively. The newborns with non benign NA were included in the ...
Mulligan Shelley - - 2012
We compared the sensory and motor behaviors of typically developing infants with those of infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), who are considered high risk for the disorder, to explore potential sensory and motor markers for use in early diagnosis of ASD. We compared frequencies of sensory ...
Vedam Saraswathi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (1) to describe educational, practice, and personal experiences related to home birth practice among Canadian obstetricians, family physicians, and registered midwives; (2) to identify barriers to provision of planned home birth services, and (3) to examine inter-professional differences in attitudes towards planned home birth. DESIGN: the first phase of ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2012
Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant-mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were related only among European Americans. ...
Chen Marian L - - 2012
By 14 months, infants have become exquisite observers of others' behavior and successful word learners. But do they coordinate their early observational and language capacities to gain insight into the intentions of others? Building upon Gergely, Bekkering, and Király's (2002) classic head-touch phenomenon, we consider the contribution of language to ...
Ekas Naomi V - - 2012
The still-face paradigm (SFP) was designed to assess infant expectations that parents will respond to infant communicative signals. During the still-face (SF) episode, the parent ceases interaction and maintains a neutral expression. Original, qualitative descriptions of infant behavior suggested changes within the SF episode: infants decrease bidding and disengage from ...
Varalda A - - 2012
It is well accepted that the best feeding method for infants is breastfeeding, due to its numerous biological and clinical effects on child and maternal health. The use of medication by the nursing mother and the physician’s advice to stop nursing are the most common reasons for the cessation of ...
Rahlin Mary - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to develop an assessment instrument that would allow clinicians to (1) evaluate behaviors of infants and toddlers during therapeutic intervention based on their own observations; (2) be applicable in a home-based or an outpatient therapeutic setting; and (3) be appropriate for use with infants ...
Colonnesi Cristina - - 2012
Gaze direction, expressive behaviors and vocalizations are infants' first form of emotional communication. The present study examined the emotional configurations of these three behaviors during face-to-face situations and the effect of infants' and parents' gender. We observed 34 boys and 32 girls (mean age of 18 weeks) during the normal ...
Macchi Cassia Viola - - 2012
While infants' ability to discriminate quantities has been extensively studied, showing that this competence is present even in neonates, the ability to compute ordinal relations between magnitudes has received much less attention. Here we show that the ability to represent ordinal information embedded in size-based sequences is apparent at 4months ...
Oei J L - - 2012
The objective of this study is to review and summarize available evidence regarding the impact of amphetamines on pregnancy, the newborn infant and the child. Amphetamines are neurostimulants and neurotoxins that are some of the most widely abused illicit drugs in the world. Users are at high risk of psychiatric ...
Dusing Stacey C - - 2012
Complexity in motor behavior is a hallmark of healthy systems. The purpose of this study was to investigate postural complexity during development of early motor behaviors and under two conditions. Twenty-two infants participated from 1 to 6 months of age. Linear and nonlinear measures of displacement of the center of ...
Lobo Michele A - - 2012
Behaviors emerge, in part, from the interplay of infant abilities and caregiver-infant interactions. Cross-cultural and developmental studies suggest caregiver handling and positioning influence infant development. In this prospective, longitudinal study, the effects of 3 weeks of enhanced handling and positioning experiences provided to 14 infants versus control experiences provided to 14 ...
Trehub Sandra E - - 2012
This paper outlines the principal behavioral methods used to study music processing in infancy. The advantages of conditioning procedures are offset by high attrition rates and restrictions on the stimuli that can be used. The head-turn preference procedure is more user-friendly but poses greater interpretive challenges. In view of the ...
Gupta Yogesh Kumar - - 2012
A 4-month-old male baby who presented in a moribund condition with seizures was found to have hepatomegaly, hypoglycemia and milky serum. Serum triglycerides were markedly elevated (3 168 mg/dL) with cholesterol being 257 mg/dL and high density lipoprotein levels were low (19 mg/dL). The possibility of glycogen storage disease type I ...
Quinn Paul C - - 2012
Young infants have been shown to represent the left versus right spatial category relations of a target object and a vertical referent bar. In the present study, we examined whether infants would represent left versus right when the vertical bar was removed from the stimulus display. In Experiment 1, 3- ...
Legrain Laure - - 2012
In this study, we addressed the question of the nature of the information needed by 13-month-old infants to understand another agent's intentions. In two experiments, an experimenter was either unable or unwilling to give a toy to an infant. Importantly, an implement (a gutter in which the toy could roll ...
Osina Maria A - - 2012
Three experiments that demonstrate a novel constraint on infants' language skills are described. Across the experiments it is shown that as babies near their 1st birthday, their ability to respond to talk about an absent object is influenced by a referent's spatiotemporal history: familiarizing infants with an object in 1 ...
Konishi Yukihiko - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine developmental changes in visuocognitive function, particularly face recognition, in early infancy. In this study, we measured eye movement in healthy infants with a preference gaze problem, particularly eye movement between two face stimulations. We used the eye tracker system (Tobii1750, Tobii Technologies, ...
Folland Nicole A - - 2012
The ability to separate simultaneous auditory objects is crucial to infant auditory development. Music in particular relies on the ability to separate musical notes, chords, and melodic lines. Little research addresses how infants process simultaneous sounds. The present study used a conditioned head-turn procedure to examine whether 6-month-old infants are ...
Upadhyayula Shankar - - 2012
We describe the case of a previously healthy 7-month-old male infant with urinary tract infection due to Staphylococcus epidermidis grown from two separate urine cultures. Further evaluation showed severe bilateral vesicoureteral reflux. Physicians should not assume that S. epidermidis is always a contaminant in urine cultures.
Chien Sarina Hui-Lin - - 2012
Evidence from adult psychophysics, brain imaging, and honeybee's behaviour has been reported to support the notion that topological properties are the primitives of visual representation (Chen, 1982 Science 218 699-700). Here, we ask how the sensitivity to topological property might originate during development. Specifically, we tested 1.5- to 6-month-old infants' ...
Pelaez Martha - - 2012
This experiment investigated social referencing as a form of discriminative learning in which maternal facial expressions signaled the consequences of the infant's behavior in an ambiguous context. Eleven 4- and 5-month-old infants and their mothers participated in a discrimination-training procedure using an ABAB design. Different consequences followed infants' reaching toward ...
Kadey Heather J - - 2012
Placing infants in a prone position for "tummy time" often is recommended to ensure appropriate infant development and to combat the effects associated with infants spending extended periods of time in a supine position. However, tummy time may be associated with inappropriate infant behavior such as crying and noncompliance. We ...
O'Shea T Michael - - 2012
Whether intraventricular hemorrhage increases the risk of adverse developmental outcome among premature infants is controversial. Using brain ultrasound, we identified intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter abnormalities among 1064 infants born before 28 weeks' gestation. We identified adverse developmental outcomes at 24 months of age using a standardized neurologic examination and ...
Saby Joni N - - 2012
A foundational aspect of early social-emotional development is the ability to detect and respond to the actions of others who are coordinating their behavior with that of the self. Behavioral work in this area has found that infants show particular preferences for adults who are imitating them rather than adults ...
Bang Sunhee - - 2011
Surgical skill and strategy for the correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have improved and resulted in satisfactory outcomes. However, prematurity and low birth weight continue to remain risk factors for poor outcomes. We present a case of a 2,150 g neonate born with TOF, in whom palliation was achieved ...
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