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Results 401 - 450 of 1094
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Nihoul-Fékété C - - 2005
There is no clear-cut answer to the question of whether surgical genitoplasty affects gender identity in the intersex infant. The debate centres around which is more important for the development of gender identity: the biological sex of a child or the sex in which a child is reared. We believe ...
Rahlin Mary - - 2005
PURPOSE: Tscharnuter Akademie for Motor Organization (TAMO) therapy is a therapeutic approach based on dynamic theories of motor control. Research evidence supporting this approach is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of TAMO therapy in the physical therapy intervention for an infant with congenital ...
Rintala Marjut A M - - 2005
The Finnish HPV Family Study is a prospective cohort study assessing the dynamics of human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission between parents and infant. Serial genital and oral scrapings from 76 families, including mother, father, and infant, and semen samples were collected over 2 years of follow-up, analyzed by nested PCR, and ...
Muñiz Antonio E - - 2004
Acetaminophen is frequently used by both physicians and parents for the relief of pain and fever in infants and children of all age groups. It has an excellent safety profile in therapeutic doses, but hepatotoxicity can develop following both intentional or unintentional overdoses. Repetitive doses of acetaminophen, usually in supratherapeutic ...
Del Priore Christina - - 2004
This article draws together thoughts derived from an experienced clinical psychologist's practice, with parents of ill and premature infants in the context of a psychological service for children and parents in a paediatric and maternity teaching hospital. Parents were those referred by attendant neonatologists in intensive neonatal care who observed ...
Schwarz Brooke - - 2004
When an infant is admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), parents seldom have the opportunity to celebrate special events in the infant's life within the context of the family. Our Rush SpecialKare Keepsakes is a program for parents of NICU infants that combines therapeutic photography, journaling, and memento ...
Becker K - - 2004
AIM: To examine whether regulatory problems in infancy predict later hyperkinetic symptoms in childhood and pre-adolescence. METHODS: In a prospective longitudinal study of 319 children at risk of later developmental problems and psychopathology, hyperkinetic behaviour problems were assessed at the ages of 2, 4.5, 8 and 11 y by means ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2004
To study the social-emotional development of triplets, 23 sets of triplets, 23 sets of twins, and 23 singleton infants (N=138) were followed from birth to 2 years. Maternal depression and social support were assessed in the postpartum period, mother-infant and father-infant interaction and the home environment were observed at 3 ...
Menahem Samuel - - 2004
The pre-natal diagnosis of a serious anomaly in the fetus precipitates a crisis for the parents. Effective counselling may help during this difficult phase. We postulated that if parents opted to continue with the pregnancy, then they are better prepared to care for the newborn infant having already experienced the ...
Marcellus Lenora - - 2004
Infants exposed prenatally to drugs and alcohol tend to enter the child welfare system at a younger age than many other foster children and often directly from the hospital following birth. This article examines three concepts from the postpartum family adaptation literature: transition to parenthood, maternal and paternal role identities, ...
Maestripieri Dario - - 2004
In this study we examined the relationship between menarche and interest in infants among adolescent girls, and the effects of early environment, particularly of father absence from home, on both variables. Eighty-three girls ranging in age from between 11 and 14 years served as study participants. Interest in infants was ...
Edwards Ellen P - - 2004
This study examined short-term attachment stability and sought to identify predictors of stability and change within a sample characterized by fathers' alcoholism. Results suggest moderate stability of attachment classifications (60% for mothers, 53% for fathers) from 12 to 18 months. Higher paternal and maternal alcohol symptoms, maternal depression, and maternal ...
Roy R - - 2004
AIMS: To study the frequency and reason for withdrawal/withholding of life sustaining treatment (LST) and do not resuscitate (DNR) orders in infants who died in a tertiary neonatal unit. METHODS: Infants who died at Homerton University Hospital between January 1998 and September 2001 were studied by retrospective analysis of patient ...
Bakewell-Sachs Susan - - 2004
The birth of a premature infant is stressful for family members who must adjust to unfamiliar surroundings, learn new vocabularies, cope with the infant's uncertain survival and outcome, maintain vigilance at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and eventually assume care for a recovering infant at home. Nursing research has ...
Hiscock Harriet - - 2004
Up to 20% of parents report a problem with infant crying or irritability in the first 3 months of life. Crying usually peaks at 6 weeks and abates by 12-16 weeks. For most irritable infants, there is no underlying medical cause. In a minority, the cause is cow's milk and ...
Ranchod Tushar M TM Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, Santa Clara, California, - - 2004
Little is known about parental experience and decision making with regard to premature infants requiring intensive care in developing countries. We undertook this study to characterise parents' experience of physician counselling and their role in making life-support decisions for very low-birth-weight (VLBW) (birth weight < 1 501 g) infants born ...
Louhi-Pirkanniemi K - - 2004
AIM: To analyse the role of early infant-related, parent-related, family functioning and social relation factors during the infant's first 3 mo of life and their associations with later recurrent treatments with antibiotics. METHODS: In an unselected population-based study, parents expecting their first child were followed from pregnancy until the infant ...
Morin Karen H - - 2004
Because nutrition plays a critical role in infant growth and development, healthcare providers need current and accurate information in order to address parental concerns about infant nutrition. Although the benefits of breastfeeding are well recognized, mothers may decide not to breastfeed, and parents may have concerns about when to introduce ...
Dudek-Shriber Linda - - 2004
This study investigated the stress experienced by parents in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), the infant and parent characteristics that resulted in different stress responses, and the characteristics that were predictive of stress. The Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was used to measure the stress of 162 ...
Habal Mutaz B - - 2004
This is a preliminary study of 37 infants with deformational plagiocephaly. In this first effort to create a profile of factors that may contribute to the onset and progress of developmental plagiocephaly, parents were interviewed concerning selected practices before and immediately after the birth of their infants. Results of the ...
Turton Penelope - - 2004
It has been suggested that the characteristic lapses in thinking and reasoning of the unresolved/disorganized (U) state of mind following traumatic loss involve psychological mechanisms similar to those found in PTSD and that a fuller understanding of these mechanisms may help explain the disruptions in parental caretaking behaviour that lead ...
Porter Luz S - - 2004
Interventions that build upon the natural components of early mother-infant interactions are critical to reversing the sequelae of maternal substance abuse and breaking the cycle of addiction. This paper proposes a theoretical model that blends infant massage (IM) into a planned parenting enhancement program (PEP) to promote improved health outcomes ...
Ohkita Masakazu - - 2004
Kinetic stabilization of the o-quinoidal 3,4-benzotropone system was investigated. The parent 3,4-benzotropone undergoes rapid [pi8 + pi10] dimerization in fluid solution even at -78 degree C while triptycene-fused derivative having a tert-butyl group at the C6 position of the tropone moiety was found to be stable indefinitely under similar conditions. ...
Bean K - - 2004
Levels of parental relatedness can affect offspring survival and susceptibility to disease. We investigated parental relatedness of live and dead Halichoerus grypus pups between and within island populations and between possible causes of mortality. Nine microsatellites were used to calculate internal relatedness (IR) and standardized mean d2. We find that ...
Mills Debbie A - - 2004
To assess the pattern of infant carrying across time and family members, we counted which animals in 13 well-established family groups of captive-bred marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) carried neonates during the first 8 weeks of life. The neonates were carried almost continuously for the first 3 weeks and then spent progressively ...
Baykan Z - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate Turkish parents' experience about their infants' teething; which symptoms they have seen and attributed to teething and how they have acted to manage these symptoms. METHODS: A questionnaire form was applied by face-to-face interview to 335 families who have children less than 18 months of age and ...
Augustine Jim - - 2004
The child with a fever (or a reported fever, as in this case) has a wide range of potential illnesses that must be considered. The pediatric community approaches children in three age groups: those younger than three months, those between 3-24 months, and those over 24 months. Those under three ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2004
Parental report may provide an inexpensive alternative to standardized assessments of children's development. We have adapted and validated a parental questionnaire on cognitive development for use with very preterm infants. Sixty-four 2-year-olds (28 males, 36 females) born less than 30 weeks' gestation (median 28.5 weeks, range 23 to 31 weeks), ...
Philbin M Kathleen - - 2004
This article addresses general principles of designing a quiet neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and describes basic aspects of room acoustics as these apply to the NICU. Recommended acoustical criteria for walls, background noise, vibration, and reverberation are included as appendices. Crowding in open, multiple-bed NICUs is the major factor ...
Burns James C - - 2004
An asymptomatic swelling was noted in the area of the left anterior maxilla of this two-month old infant by the child's parents. The swelling apparently was of rapid onset since the pediatrician at the one-month well baby check-up did not note it. The swelling caused an elevation of the left ...
Kochanska Grazyna - - 2004
The authors examined the contributions of infant's temperament and parent's personality to their relationship. In Study 1, 102 infants, mothers, and fathers were studied when infants were 7 months; in Study 2, 112 infants and mothers were followed from 9 to 45 months. Infants' temperament (joy, fear, anger, and attention) ...
Morgan J - - 2004
AIMS: To establish whether development of eczema is influenced by feeding practices in preterm infants, while taking account of confounding factors. METHODS: Data were assembled from 257 infants born prematurely and studied to 12 months post-term. Logistic regression analysis was performed to establish the association between feeding practices and eczema, ...
Crane Catherine - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Social learning has been identified as a factor that increases vulnerability to the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study aimed to distinguish between child-mediated and parent-mediated modes of transmission of illness behavior. The reporting of infants' symptoms and treatment seeking for these symptoms, by mothers, was examined ...
Aronson Stacy Rosenkrantz - - 2004
Single-mother, cohabiting 2-parent, and married 2-parent families with infants were compared on maternal and infant behavior, Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) scores, and infant's security of attachment. Married mothers and their infants demonstrated more positive behavior and received higher HOME scores when the infant was 6 and ...
Hill Jonathan - - 2004
This study examined whether individual differences in perception of the quality of professional support available at a time of stress may be associated with security of attachment. We developed a new measure of parents' perceptions of emotional and practical support provided by a wide range of professionals involved in the ...
Bugental Daphne Blunt - - 2004
Maternal attributions and child neonatal status at birth were assessed as predictors of infant maltreatment (harsh parenting and safety neglect). The population included low-income, low-education families who were primarily Hispanic. Child maltreatment during the 1st year of life (N = 73) was predicted by neonatal status (low Apgar scores, preterm ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is 2 to 3 times higher in the black population compared with the US population as a whole. Prone sleeping is also twice as prevalent in black infants. Standard modes of communication (media, brochures) regarding the Back to Sleep (BTS) campaign ...
Thomas Karen A - - 2004
PURPOSE: This report describes parenting stress experienced by mothers of preterm infants following hospital discharge. SUBJECTS: Twenty-nine mothers and their preterm infants were included in the analysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a descriptive and exploratory single group design. The analysis included 29 mothers of preterm infants, ...
Forbes Erika E - - 2004
Fifty families participated in mother- and father-infant still-face interaction at infant ages 3 and 6 months as part of a study of affect in early parent-infant relationships. Infants' positive and negative affect and parents' positive affect and physical play were coded from videotapes. Consistent with previous research, during the normal ...
Gale Gay - - 2004
Despite numerous advances in the recognition, assessment, and management of pain in neonates over the past two decades, there has been limited improvement in the knowledge base regarding parental responses to their infant's pain. This study examined parents' views of their experiences observing and coping with their infant's pain in ...
Auerbach Judith G - - 2004
Sixty-six male infants participating in the Ben-Gurion Infant Development Study of familial risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were assessed at 7 months of age using observational and mother report measures. Risk for ADHD was based on ADHD symptoms in the father. Infants whose fathers had seven or more ...
Guzell Jacqueline R - - 2004
In this sample of 66 dual-earner mothers and fathers and their 1-year-old infants, associations among parental ratings of infant difficulty, parental perceived control over caregiving outcomes, and parental sensitive and directive behavior were examined during a triadic free-play session in the home. Perceived infant difficulty was related to maternal directiveness ...
Duncan N D - - 2004
Circumcision of newborn male infants is widely practiced but controversial. Our experience gained circumcising 205 Jamaican neonates, using the Plastibell device is presented. Circumcisions, were requested by parents usually for hygienic reasons, and were brief outpatient procedures. Subcutaneous penile ring block with 1% lidocaine provided the most effective form of ...
Cunha Robinson Frederico - - 2004
This study investigated what are the main reasons that led parents to enroll children in a clinic for infants. This was studied by consulting 1368 records during the period from July 1996 to August 2001. The predominant reason for enrolling was orientation/prevention followed by "other" and treatment. This study demonstrated ...
Franck L S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe parent views on infant pain care and to explore relations between parents' experience of their infant's pain care and parental stress. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Nine neonatal units (196 parents) in the United Kingdom and two neonatal units in the United States (61 parents). PARTICIPANTS: ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite blatant indications, such as behavioural and contextual cues, infant pain is often undermanaged by adult caretakers. The belief that infants are limited in their abilities to comprehend the meaning of an experience or recall that experience has been used to minimize or deny the need for intervention in ...
Lyons-Ruth Karlen - - 2004
In this article, recent research on parenting behaviors associated with infant attachment disorganization is summarized and applied to a parent-infant psychotherapy case. Both hostile/self-referential and helpless-fearful patterns of parentingare described and viewed theoretically as alternate aspects of a single hostile-helpless internal working model of attachment relationships. The case material focuses ...
Montgomery Kristen S - - 2004
Families of preterm infants need a tremendous amount of support. This resource column highlights several Web sites that may be useful to health care providers and childbirth educators, as well as to parents of premature infants and their families.
Hotelling Barbara A - - 2004
Parent-infant communication has long-lasting effects on the development of a peaceful and healthy child, adult, and society. Childbirth education classes offer the perfect setting for teaching parents how to recognize and respond to their infant's cues. This column provides a list of potential learning tasks for parents and their infants ...
Goldberg Howard S - - 2004
In the Baby CareLink system, information prescription plays an important role in preparing parents of premature infants for the eventual discharge to home of their children. However, the prescription process requires scarce clinician time in order to dispense information, and can become cumbersome as content bases grow in size. We ...
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