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Results 351 - 400 of 1090
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O'Gorman Shannon - - 2006
Psychotherapy literature provides a theoretical understanding of parent-infant attachment. This article will reflect upon the specific need to give thoughtful consideration to those infants admitted to the acute-care setting, such as neonatal and paediatric intensive care units, and the potential for this environment to affect infant development and the parent-infant ...
Cicchetti Dante - - 2006
The malleability of insecure and disorganized attachment among infants from maltreating families was investigated through a randomized preventive intervention trial. Findings from research on the effects of maltreatment on infant attachment were incorporated into the design and evaluation of the intervention. One-year-old infants from maltreating families (N = 137) and ...
Franklin Carol - - 2006
Parent/infant attachment or bonding is a naturally occurring event that begins during the prenatal period. The feelings of attachment strengthen when fetal movement is felt and grow stronger with parent/infant interaction after birth. Parents who have a newborn requiring intensive care can have a disruption or delay in this attachment ...
de Souza N - - 2006
Early intervention is known to improve outcomes for babies at risk for growth and developmental problems. Such programmes usually have a prolonged course and require frequent contacts with the service providers. As a consequence of poverty, illiteracy and lack of communication facilities in developing countries, treatment adherence can suffer. The ...
Keren Miri - - 2006
Whether infancy-onset trichotillomania is best regarded as a habit, an early sign of obsessive compulsive disorder, a symptom of anxiety, or a sign of severe deprivation has been a topic of continuous debate. In this paper, we describe our clinical experience with nine consecutive cases of infancy-onset trichotillomania and detail ...
Masataka Nobuo - - 2006
Behavioral preferences for consonance over dissonance were tested in hearing infants of deaf parents and in hearing infants of hearing parents when they were 2 days old. Using a modified visual-fixation-based, auditory-preference procedure, I found that both 2-day-old infants of deaf parents and those of hearing parents looked longer at ...
Tripp J - - 2006
The rapid progress of medical technology has resulted in more opportunities to maintain the life of infants in serious and potentially life threatening situations. Whether to treat such infants is a common dilemma. The burden of these difficult decisions rests almost equally on distraught parents and relatives and on the ...
Venkateswaran Lakshmi - - 2005
Hemoglobin Abruzzo is a stable hemoglobin variant with increased oxygen affinity, clinically causing compensatory erythrocytosis in affected patients. Heterozygosity of this variant with or without beta-thalassemia has been previously described in three Italian families, thereby suggesting a single origin of the mutation. The authors report the first case of homozygosity ...
Astolfi P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of parental ageing on the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcome is based on increased morbidity and obstetric problems during pregnancy and delivery in old mothers, and on the accumulation of spontaneous harmful mutations for continuous cell divisions during spermatogenesis in old fathers. The aim of this study ...
Eiser C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Relationships between child quality of life (QOL), maternal well-being and parenting were explored in a questionnaire study. METHOD: Mothers of 126 full-term (FT) and 91 pre-term (PT) infants during the child's second year of life completed measures of their own and the child's quality of life and behavioural difficulties. ...
Pesonen Anu-Katriina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study whether infant weight for gestational age, and gestational age predict mother- and father-rated infant temperament (IBQ) at 6 months. METHODS: The sample comprised of family units with both biological parents and infants born at term (n = 152). Data on weight and gestational age were collected form ...
Kivijärvi Marja - - 2005
Maternal sensitivity behavior (MSB) and infant temperament were investigated among 56 Finnish low-risk mothers and their full-term and healthy infants. The mothers were from families with good economic status, the infant's parents lived together, and the mothers were well educated. Mothers and infants were video-recorded in free-play situations at home, ...
Burford Bronwen - - 2005
The gene discovery in Rett disorder has opened the way for the development of clinical intervention. Initial recognition of affected infants will depend on observation by clinicians and the development of key diagnostic criteria is of crucial importance. Perturbations in the development of very young infants are emerging in studies ...
Slade Arietta - - 2005
The notion that maternal reflective functioning, namely the mother's capacity to hold her baby and his mental states in mind, plays a vital role in the intergenerational transmission of attachment is investigated (Fonagy, Gergely, Jurist, & Target, 2002; Fonagy et al., 1995; Slade, this volume). A parent's capacity to understand ...
Staab Doris - - 2005
Atopic eczema begins primarily in infancy or early childhood, and sleep loss due to night-time pruritus can have a considerable impact on patients' and parents' quality of life (QoL). In this study, infants (n = 196) with mild to severe atopic eczema were randomized 2:1, double-blind, to receive either pimecrolimus ...
Thompson Debbie Gearner - - 2005
Guidelines were established over 10 years ago by professional and government agencies that have dramatically changed the practice of infant sleep positioning. Although these guidelines mainly focus care on the newborn and infant in their home by a parent, guardian or caregiver, hospital staff need to examine their compliance with ...
Broedsgaard A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An intervention programme was carried through in a neonatal intensive care unit at the Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark in 1998/99. It comprised: (1) educational programmes during hospitalization for parents with premature infants; (2) visit and orientation about the neonatal intensive care unit by the family's health visitor; a ...
Lindgren Helena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: to describe home-birth risk assessment by parents. DESIGN: interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed using a phenomenological approach. SETTING: independent midwifery practices in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: five couples who had had planned home births. FINDINGS: the parents had a fundamental trust that the birth would take place ...
Pohlman Shawn - - 2005
PURPOSE: To improve our understanding of fathers of preterm infants by examining their meanings of work and exploring the impact of their work on their early transition to fatherhood. SUBJECTS: The sample included 9 white fathers between the ages of 22 and 40 years, who had infants born between 25 ...
Partridge J Colin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize parent perceptions and satisfaction with physician counseling and delivery-room resuscitation of very low birth weight infants in countries with neonatal intensive care capacity. STUDY DESIGN: Convenience sample of 327 parents of 379 inborn very low birth weight infants (<1501 g) who had received resuscitation and neonatal intensive ...
Fisher Jane R W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether assisted conception is associated with an increased risk of admission to a residential early parenting program for treatment of maternal mood disorder or infant feeding or sleeping disorders in the postpartum year. DESIGN: Systematic audit of consecutive medical records. SETTING: Masada Private Hospital Mother Baby Unit ...
Smith George Davey - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Restricted fetal growth has been associated with increased blood pressure, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease in later life. These associations may be due to processes during fetal development with long-term consequences for metabolic and cardiovascular function (the fetal origins hypothesis). However, it has also been hypothesized that common genetic ...
Sturm Lynn D - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe the implementation and evaluation of a home gavage program for preterm infants. DESIGN: Retrospective chart reviews were used to assess the physiologic progress of infants, and retrospective written questionnaires were administered by mail to families participating in home gavage to assess their experience and solicit advice. SAMPLE: ...
Keefe Maureen R - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate a home-based nursing intervention program, the REST routine, which incorporates the use of infant behavior assessment, pattern recognition, individualized infant schedules, specific management strategies, and parent education and support. STUDY DESIGN AND METHOD: A two-site clinical trial was conducted on 164 healthy full-term infants with ...
Eriksson Birgitta Sandén - - 2005
Emotional reactions of parents after the birth of an extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infant were followed during the early period of hospital care. Ten pairs of parents participated. The process concerning feelings of sadness, anger, fear/anxiety and joy was measured by Single Systems Design (SSD). The infants were born ...
Hoffman Jacqueline M - - 2005
Preterm infants may be at higher risk of physical abuse after hospital discharge. Nonaccidental or inflicted head neurotrauma is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in physical-abuse cases, and shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is the most common form of abuse. In the majority of the cases, parents who ...
Inbar Ziona - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In 1993, the Israel Ministry of Health issued a formal recommendation to avoid placing healthy infants to sleep in the prone position in order to prevent sudden infant death. The objective of the study was to study parents' compliance with this recommendation and to identify characteristics of noncompliant parents ...
Pastorino L - - 2005
Diagnosis of Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) in infants may pose significant challenges to clinicians owing to its variable expressivity and age-related manifestations. We report two paediatric cases of NBCCS who presented initially with a non-specific phenotype. In case 1, a diagnosis of NBCCS was possible only after the ...
Sheinkopf Stephen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cocaine exposure is a marker of developmental risk. Social environmental risk factors may include maternal stress and maternal perceptions of difficult infant temperament. OBJECTIVES: To examine factors that may predict or moderate maternal ratings of parenting stress and difficult temperament in cocaine-exposed (CE) infants. METHOD: Neonatal behavior, infant ...
Alston Enid - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Ward Infant Language Screening Test, Assessment, Acceleration and Remediation (WILSTAAR) comprises a programme for identifying and helping 8-10-month-old infants showing early signs of language and communication difficulty. The study addresses one of the queries raised by critics of the programme by providing evidence about the backgrounds ...
Lorenz John M - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Summarize the literature relevant to ethical issues surrounding decisions to provide intensive care to extremely premature newborns. RECENT FINDINGS: A Texas Supreme Court decision and a position paper are noteworthy for health professionals participating in management decisions with families at risk for extremely preterm delivery. SUMMARY: In ...
Jotzo Martina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether a trauma-preventive psychological intervention program for parents of premature infants during hospitalization in a level III NICU may reduce the severity of symptomatic response to the traumatic impact of premature birth. METHODS: Mothers of premature infants were enrolled consecutively in a sequential control group design. Intervention ...
Penticuff Joy H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study tested the effect of an intervention to strengthen parent-professional collaboration by increasing the accuracy of parents' understanding of medically relevant information and providing parent-professional meetings to plan infants' care. METHODS: A tri-ethnic sample of mothers of 154 very-low-birth-weight infants participated, with parents of 77 infants in a ...
Martinez Alma M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate physician counselling practices and resuscitation decisions for extremely preterm infants in countries of the Pacific Rim. We sought to determine the degree to which physician beliefs, parents' opinion and medical resources influence decision-making for infants at the margin of viability. METHODS: A survey ...
Dias Mark S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Abusive head injuries among infants (shaken infant or shaken impact syndrome) represent a devastating form of child abuse; an effective prevention program that reduces the incidence of abusive head injuries could save both lives and the costs of caring for victims. We wished to determine whether a comprehensive, regional, ...
Hurst Irene - - 2005
One of the most difficult decisions that can confront a family is what medical treatment to seek for an extremely premature infant at the threshold of viability. The complexity of the treatment options, competing interests of healthcare providers and the family, consideration of the parents' values, and the sheer immensity ...
Browne Joy V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine how family-based interventions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may change parental knowledge and behaviors and decrease stress. METHODS: Eighty-four high-risk mother-infant dyads were randomly assigned to two intervention and one control groups. Group 1 (n = 28) participated in a demonstration of infant reflexes, attention, ...
Carter J D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychosocial functioning of the parents (mother and father) of infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) with the parents of infants born at term and not admitted to the NICU. DESIGN: Random sample of NICU parents and term non-NICU parents were assessed across a ...
Swartz Martha K - - 2005
PURPOSE: To synthesize the findings of qualitative studies on parenting preterm infants and present a framework that will enable clinical nurses to provide better care. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A meta-ethnographic approach was used to synthesize the findings of 10 qualitative research studies that focused on parenting the preterm infant ...
Carder K Robin - - 2005
Although rare, several hypersensitivity reactions can occur in the infant population. Several types of hypersensitivity reactions are discussed, including urticaria, drug eruptions, erythema multiforme, allergic contact dermatitis, and vasculitis (acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy); neonatal lupus also is discussed. Although most of these conditions are benign, their presentations can be ...
Franck Linda S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe parents' perceptions and feelings about their infant's pain experience and pain care in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHOD: Thematic content analysis was used to encode the qualitative information contained in parents' written comments on a questionnaire about their views on ...
Righetti P L - - 2005
The purpose of the present research was to investigate the role of the fourth dimensional (4D) ultrasound scanning on the antenatal attachment development, in pregnant women (19-23 weeks of gestation) and their partners. A total of 44 couples were asked to complete questionnaires about maternal and paternal antenatal attachment, before ...
Senn K M - - 2005
Persistent environmental chemicals such as organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been associated with alterations in fetal development and child health including subtle differences in developmental status. Previous prospective studies have ascertained prenatal or postnatal exposures but none have been designed to assess exposures at critical windows including preconception. ...
Johnson Amy Nagorski - - 2005
The primary goal for maternal-child nurses in caring for parents and their infants is to support parental confidence and competence through education and services to assure optimal parental-infant attachment. Kangaroo holding in the hospital and home environment is one intervention that encourages parental-infant interaction as well as provides the benefits ...
Kedikoglou Simeon - - 2005
AIMS: The results of an infant car-restraint loan scheme and evaluate its cost-effectiveness are presented. METHODS: The intervention programme was initiated in 1996. Car-restraints, donated by manufacturers, were lent for a six-month period to eligible prospective parents for a modest fee. Specially trained health visitors performed in-person interviews with the ...
Baradon Tessa - - 2005
The question of what is genuine maternal love was posed by a mother struggling to understand and value the nature of her bond with her small baby. The question surfaced time and again in the context of this dyad's long-term parent-infant psychotherapy and has challenged me to examine my thinking ...
Nihoul-Fékété C - - 2005
There is no clear-cut answer to the question of whether surgical genitoplasty affects gender identity in the intersex infant. The debate centres around which is more important for the development of gender identity: the biological sex of a child or the sex in which a child is reared. We believe ...
Rahlin Mary - - 2005
PURPOSE: Tscharnuter Akademie for Motor Organization (TAMO) therapy is a therapeutic approach based on dynamic theories of motor control. Research evidence supporting this approach is limited. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of TAMO therapy in the physical therapy intervention for an infant with congenital ...
Rintala Marjut A M - - 2005
The Finnish HPV Family Study is a prospective cohort study assessing the dynamics of human papillomavirus (HPV) transmission between parents and infant. Serial genital and oral scrapings from 76 families, including mother, father, and infant, and semen samples were collected over 2 years of follow-up, analyzed by nested PCR, and ...
Muñiz Antonio E - - 2004
Acetaminophen is frequently used by both physicians and parents for the relief of pain and fever in infants and children of all age groups. It has an excellent safety profile in therapeutic doses, but hepatotoxicity can develop following both intentional or unintentional overdoses. Repetitive doses of acetaminophen, usually in supratherapeutic ...
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