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Results 251 - 300 of 1093
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Fletcher R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive antenatal psychosocial assessment of mothers prior to the birth is established in many regions. While the influence of fathers on infant and maternal well-being is also recognised as commencing before birth, the early identification of needs among expectant fathers has not been addressed. METHODS: The current study surveyed ...
da Silva Cintia Magali - - 2008
Newborn infants present some oral characteristics that are inherent to their stage of development and adequate to their physiological needs. There may also be physiological variations, however, which frequently raise doubts among parents. Many dental professionals are not aware of these aspects of the oral cavity of infants. The purpose ...
Zahed S R - - 2008
Callithrix jacchus infants are raised in complex family environments where most members participate in rearing the young. Many studies examining male parental behavior have focused on the carrying of infants with observations made within the family context. However, interference from family members can make it difficult to assess the father's ...
Stright Anne Dopkins - - 2008
A differential susceptibility hypothesis proposes that children may differ in the degree to which parenting qualities affect aspects of child development. Infants with difficult temperaments may be more susceptible to the effects of parenting than infants with less difficult temperaments. Using latent change curve analyses to analyze data from the ...
Boukydis Cf Zachariah - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This paper details a model for consulting with mothers and infants, and drug treatment staff used in a residential drug treatment program and relevant to other treatment settings. The role of parent-infant consultation based on the Neonatal Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) was evaluated. METHODS: A sequential cohort model ...
Dusing Stacey C - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine parents' preferred method of receiving education on motor development of infants born preterm. METHODS: This study was conducted through a pair of focus groups in which parents evaluated different educational formats and provided feedback on the clarity of the parent ...
Joseph Rachel A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to identify and measure components of perceived stress in fathers of infants in a surgical neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The Parent Stressor Scale: Infant Hospitalization (PSS:IH) was used to assess perceived stress in 22 fathers. Paternal stress was highest in the domains of ...
Fouts Hillary N - - 2007
Sixty-two 3- to 4-month-old African American infants from lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds were each observed in naturalistic contexts for 12 hr. The social experiences of infants in the 3 groups were similar in many ways: Infants from all backgrounds slept and were vocalized to for similar ...
Barnes Christopher R - - 2007
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Perceived Maternal Parenting Self-Efficacy tool. BACKGROUND: Mothers' perceptions of their ability to parent (maternal parenting self-efficacy) is a critical mechanism guiding their interactions with their preterm newborns. A robust measure is needed ...
Komsi Niina - - 2008
Continuity of father-rated temperament in Finnish children (n=115) aged from 6 months (the IBQ) to 5.5 years (the CBQ) was explored within the theoretical framework developed by Rothbart. Father-rated activity level, smiling and laughter and distress to limitations showed significant differential homotypic and heterotypic continuity, while soothability, duration of orienting ...
Keller Heidi - - 2008
Early dialogues between parent and child constitute an important factor for the acquisition of culture and hence verbal interaction is considered to be a universal parenting system. Parenting strategies and socialization practices are strongly influenced by the cultural conception of the self, prototypically defined as the model of independence and ...
Hsu Hui-Chin - - 2008
This short-term longitudinal study examined the contribution of infant behavioral reactivity and maternal parenting self-efficacy to first-time mothers' (total n=32) separation anxiety. Infants' behavioral reactivity indexed by gaze and facial affect were observed in the conditions of routine play and maternal still face at 3 months. Mothers reported their self-perceived ...
Karev George B - - 2008
Bulgarian secondary school students (264 right handers, 246 mixed handers and 360 left handers) were investigated concerning subject's month of birth and concerning his mother's and father's age at his birth. Neither the month of birth nor any group of months turned out to be significantly associated with handedness. Similarly, ...
Feeley Nancy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychosocial adjustment and the quality of interaction with their infant of mothers and fathers of very low-birthweight infants at two time points in the first year of the infant's life. DESIGN: Quantitative, longitudinal design. SETTING: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of two Canadian urban hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one ...
Docherty Sharron L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To explore the influence of poverty on the parenting experience and maternal developmental trajectory of Lumbee mothers with medically fragile infants. DESIGN: A multiple-case study design using secondary data from a larger longitudinal study of parental role attainment with medically fragile infants. SAMPLE: Five cases involving mothers who were ...
Houston-Price Carmel - - 2007
Two experiments are described which explore the relationship between parental reports of infants' receptive vocabularies at 1 ; 6 (Experiment 1a) or 1;3, 1;6 and 1;9 (Experiment 1b) and the comprehension infants demonstrated in a preferential looking task. The instrument used was the Oxford CDI, a British English adaptation of ...
King-Hele Sarah A - - 2007
CONTEXT: Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of postneonatal death in developed countries. Little is known about risks linked with parental mental illness per se or how such risks are modified by specific psychiatric conditions and by maternal vs paternal psychopathological abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cause-specific postneonatal death, ...
Gaertner Bridget M - - 2007
Using daily diary data to document involvement with infants at 6 - 8 months of age (n = 142) and 6 months later (n = 95), we examined relations between reported childrearing attitudes and resident fathers' relative (as compared to mothers') involvement with children. Fathers' authoritarian views related negatively to ...
Danerek Margaretha - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of both parents' experiences during the mother's stay in hospital for threat of an early delivery and eventual preterm birth. DESIGN: explanatory design with separate interviews for mothers and fathers using the grounded theory method. SETTING: University Hospital in southern Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 17 mothers ...
Almond Douglas - - 2007
Trivers & Willard (TW) hypothesized that evolution would favour deviations from the population sex ratio in response to parental condition: parents in good condition would have more sons and parents in poor condition would have more daughters. We analyse the universe of US linked births and infant deaths to white ...
Anuntaseree Wanaporn - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Night waking is common among infants and can create sleep deficit in both parents and infants. Sleep practices are influenced by cultural variations which may affect the prevalence and associated factors of frequent night waking. Our objective was to determine whether differences in parental practices related to ...
Feuchtbaum Lisa - - 2007
CALIFORNIA PROVIDES MANDATORY newborn screening for disorders that cause irreversible, severe disabilities if not identified and treated early in life. Parental consent is not required. In 2001, the Genetic Disease Branch was mandated to pilot test a new technology that could identify many additional disorders using the same blood specimen ...
Carter Janet D - - 2007
AIM: This paper reports on the 9-month follow-up of parents who had an infant admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) compared to parents of full-term health infants. The psychological status of the parent groups is compared and factors associated with status change are examined. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study of ...
Comino Elizabeth J - - 2007
AIM: This study explored the accuracy of identification of Aboriginal infants at an urban hospital. METHODS: Data on the Aboriginal status of all infants who were delivered at the hospital to mothers who resided in the surrounding Local Government Area during 2002 were extracted from the Obstetrics Data Package (ODP). ...
Jonas Monique - - 2007
The recent MB case involved a dispute between an infant's parents and his medical team about the appropriateness of continued life support. The dispute reflected uncertainty about two key factors that inform medical decision making for seriously ill infants: both the amount of pain MB experiences and the extent of ...
Deák Gedeon O GO Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, 9500 Gilman Dr., San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0515, USA. - - 2008
This experiment examined how parents' verbal and non-verbal behavioral cues cause infants to shift and share attention within environments where many objects compete for infants' attention. Fifteen- and 21-month-old infants played with toys while their parent periodically shifted attention to a distal object within a larger array. Parents' attention-shifts were ...
Armstrong Deborah S - - 2007
Determine whether levels of depressive symptoms and current stress related to prior perinatal loss differ from similar prenatal evaluations after the birth of a subsequent healthy full-term infant and investigate differences in depressive symptoms in the postpartum period among parents with and without a history of perinatal loss. Seventy-four of ...
Salo Frances Thomson - - 2007
Drawing on Winnicott's view of infants as subjects entitled to an intervention in their own right, infants as the referred patient have been seen in infant-parent psychotherapy for 20 years at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia. This is a radically different view of infant symptomatology than viewing it as ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2007
Guided by Damasio's (2003) formulations on background emotions, this study examined the contour of infant affect during interactions with mother and father in relation to the emergence of symbolic expression. One hundred parents and infants were observed in face-to-face interactions and in play sessions at the toddler stage. Parent's and ...
Glaser Annette - - 2007
The unexpected death of a preterm infant is an extremely painful situation for parents. Despite a number of quantitative studies, little is known about parents' inner experience. The aim of this study was to gather more in-depth information about what preoccupies parents in this situation of suffering, thus leading to ...
Doan Therese - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study describes sleep patterns for mothers and fathers after the birth of their first child and compares exclusive breast-feeding families with parents who used supplementation during the evening or night at 3 months postpartum. METHODS: As part of a randomized clinical trial, the study utilized infant feeding and ...
Willson Stephen J - - 2007
Suppose G is a phylogenetic network given as a rooted acyclic directed graph. Let X be a subset of the vertex set containing the root, all leaves, and all vertices of outdegree 1. A vertex is "regular" if it has a unique parent, and "hybrid" if it has two parents. ...
French Noel - - 2007
While there is general agreement with the framework of the consensus statements, it is at the margins of the 'grey zone', particularly at 23 weeks of gestation, that practice in other states appears to differ from practice in New South Wales (NSW)/Australian Capital Territory (ACT). This is evidenced by the ...
Gold Katherine J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review parent experiences with hospital care after perinatal death. DATA SOURCES: An evaluation of more than 1,100 articles from 1966 to 2006 was performed to identify studies of fetal death in the second or third trimester and neonatal death in the first month of life. METHODS OF ...
Chang Yu-Hsun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Poor health outcomes among neonates born to aborigines has been reported in many countries. This study was aimed to examine the nationwide characteristics of live births, adverse birth outcomes, and age-specific mortality among neonates born to non-aboriginal and aboriginal parents in Taiwan. METHODS: All neonates born alive during the ...
Bell Linda - - 2007
This study examined the interrelatedness of mother-infant and father-infant relationships as they develop over the first 4 months postpartum as well as the dynamics used by the couple to balance these relationships. First-time mother-father couples (n = 18) were interviewed separately at 1, 6, and 16 weeks postpartum using the ...
Maguire Celeste M - - 2007
The effect of a short-term intervention with parents in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on their knowledge of infant behavioral cues and confidence in caregiving was examined. Ten sets of parents with a total of 22 premature infants born <32 weeks gestational age admitted to a NICU were enrolled ...
Malmberg Lars-Erik - - 2007
The aim of this study is to compare the interaction of fathers and mothers with their 10-12 months old infants (n=97; parental sensitivity and mood, and infant mood) during five structured contiguous play segments, and to examine the utility of individual growth modeling. Conventional comparison of means across play-segments showed ...
Smart Jayne - - 2007
AIMS: Infant sleeping and crying problems are common and impact adversely on maternal mental health but their impact on paternal mental health is unknown. A consistent approach to managing such problems has not been identified. Parents may be able to identify useful management strategies, which could then inform the content ...
Lee Shih-Yu - - 2007
The purpose of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to assess the reliability and validity of the English and Chinese versions of the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS) among Chinese American parents with hospitalized infants. A convenience sample of 22 mothers and 22 fathers in the San Francisco area participated in ...
Papousek Mechthild - - 2007
The present essay summarizes experimental, video-microanalytic and clinical aspects of the Papouseks' approach to early preverbal communication. The first section summarizes some of their video-microanalytic research on intuitive parenting and preverbal parent-infant communication. It describes the naturalistic preverbal learning context where infants learn and integrate experiences about themselves, the parent, ...
Raingruber Bonnie - - 2007
One of the major challenges parents can face is learning that their child has a life-threatening illness. A phenomenological study was completed to identify which interactions with health care providers were and were not helpful. Parents discussed what it was like to have an infant with a life-threatening illness and ...
Sadeh Avi - - 2007
Infant sleep is a major source of distress in many families. The purpose of this study was to assess infant sleep and parental sleep-related cognitions about infant sleep in clinical and control samples. The clinical sample consisted of 48 infants referred to a sleep clinic because of night-wakings problems. The ...
Meijer Anne Marie - - 2007
This study investigated the influence of infants' sleep and crying on marital relationship in first-time parent couples (N = 107) during the 1st year after birth. Control variables are parents' insomnia and parental self-efficacy in handling the baby. Questionnaires were administered to both parents before birth, at 2 and 7 ...
Glazebrook Cris C Division of Psychiatry, School of Community Health Sciences, A Floor, South Block, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham NG7 2UH, UK. - - 2007
To evaluate the influence of parenting intervention on maternal responsiveness and infant neurobehavioural development following a very premature birth. Cluster-randomised controlled trial, with a crossover design and three-month washout period. Six neonatal intensive care units. Infants born <32 weeks' gestation. The Parent Baby Interaction Programme (PBIP) is a supportive, educational ...
Duncan K A - - 2007
AIM: The purpose of this study was twofold: first to provide data for more accurate counselling of parents with regard to prognosis, and second, to ensure that by following a policy of selective micturating cystourethography (MCUG), significant pathology is not missed, in particular vesicoureteric reflux (VUR). (MCUG is only undertaken ...
Shah S - - 2007
Pertussis infections in the United States are increasing as a consequence of waning immunity and increased surveillance. Those most at-risk of mortality include infants less than 6 months of age and premature infants. The 2006 immunization schedule emphasizes an adolescent pertussis booster at 12 years of age. However, of concern ...
Sansone Antonella - - 2007
Drawing on a single case of a mother-infant difficult relationship, I shall consider the inseparability of psyche and soma and the embodiment of psychosomatic health and illness. A dualistic perspective prevents acknowledging that the mother's concerns, conflicts and mental state can obstruct the milk flow and affect the infant's feeding ...
Arnott Bronia - - 2007
Antenatal attachment representations (Adult Attachment Interview classification and reflective function score) were assessed in 25 couples and 3 solo mothers. Infant-parent interaction was observed separately for mothers (N = 21) and fathers (N = 17) at 6 months postpartum, from which measures of parents' ability to comment accurately on their ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2007
Individual, dyadic, and triadic influences on the development of the family system were examined in the context of developmental risk. Participants were 145 couples and their 4-month-old first-born child in six groups: controls, three mother-risk groups (depressed, anxious, comorbid), and two infant-risk groups (preterm, intrauterine growth retardation). Dyadic and triadic ...
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