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Saridjan Nathalie S - - 2010
Dysregulation of diurnal cortisol secretion patterns may explain the link between adversities early in life and later mental health problems. However, few studies have investigated the influence of social disadvantage and family adversity on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis early in life. In 366 infants aged 12-20 months from the Generation ...
Wong Maria S MS Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, Illinois 61820, USA. - - 2009
The present research examined parental beliefs about the importance of the paternal caregiving role, mothers' and fathers' reports of infant temperament, and observed marital quality as predictors of infant-mother and infant-father attachment security, over and above the effects of parental sensitivity. Infants' attachment security to mothers and fathers were observed ...
Anderson Kirsten E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Introduction of solid foods before the recommended age of 4-6 months is a common practice in the USA, and appears to be especially prevalent among infants who are enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Currently, little is known about how fathers influence ...
Swain James E - - 2009
Parent-infant emotional expressions vary according to parent and infant gender. Such parent-infant interactions critically affect infant development. Neuroimaging research is exploring emotion-related brain function that varies according to gender, and regulates parenting thoughts and behaviors in the early postpartum. Through specific brain functions, parenting serves to program the infant brain ...
Miller Fiona A - - 2010
The expansion of newborn screening (NBS) is increasing the generation of incidental results, notably carrier results. Although carrier status is generally understood to be clinically benign, concerns persist that parents may misunderstand its meaning, with deleterious effects on children and their families. Expansion of the NBS panel in Ontario, Canada ...
Johnson Samantha S University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom. - - 2009
To determine the efficacy of a neonatal parenting intervention for improving development in very preterm infants. A cluster-randomized, controlled trial with a cross-over design and washout period was conducted in 6 neonatal centers. Two hundred thirty-three babies <32 weeks' gestation were recruited (intervention = 112; control = 121). Intervention families ...
Chiswick Malcolm - - 2009
Staff may be reluctant to discuss end of life decisions in chronic lung disease (CLD) as it is usual for the disease to take a prolonged course and most infants recover to be discharged home without supplemental oxygen. A minority suffer a protracted and very severe illness in spite of ...
Tracer David P - - 2009
Evolutionary parental investment theory predicts that parents invest preferentially in offspring best able to translate investments into fitness payoffs. It has also been proposed that where the reproductive prospects of offspring are directly correlated with parental investment and variance in fertility is higher for males than females, parents in better ...
Out Dorothee - - 2009
Early adverse caregiving experiences constitute an important risk factor for the development of disorganized attachment in infancy, especially extreme insensitivity and frightening behavior associated with an unresolved loss or trauma. Using existing measures for frightening parenting and disrupted communication, we developed a new measure assessing Disconnected and extremely Insensitive Parenting ...
Ziegler Toni E TE Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA. - - 2009
Prolactin has been implicated in promoting paternal care behaviors but little evidence of causality has been found to date except for birds and fish. This study was designed to examine the possible causal relationships between prolactin and male parenting behaviors, reproductive hormones, and physical changes in cooperatively breeding common marmosets, ...
Hamvas Aaron A Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine and St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2009
To characterize inheritance of homozygous, rare, recessive loss-of-function mutations in surfactant protein-B (SFTPB) or ATP binding cassette, subfamily A, member 3 (ABCA3) genes in newborns with lethal respiratory failure. We resequenced genes from parents whose infants were homozygous for mutations in SFTPB or ABCA3. For infants with only 1 heterozygous ...
Sadeh Avi - - 2010
Infant sleep undergoes dramatic evolution during the first year of life. This process is driven by underlying biological forces but is highly dependent on environmental cues including parental influences. In this review the links between infant sleep and parental behaviors, cognitions, emotions and relationships as well as psychopathology are examined ...
Muller-Nix Carole - - 2009
This article reviews the stresses for parents, infants, and other caregivers during the period surrounding the birth of the premature infant. Principles of assessment of infant discomfort, parental stress, the parent-infant relationship, and the match of the medical caregiving environment to the individual infant's needs are discussed. Relevant tools to ...
Bruschweiler-Stern Nadia - - 2009
It is proposed that in the early neonatal period there are moments of meeting between parent and infant, such as mutual gaze, in which parents realize that their baby is a true interlocutor with meaningful behavior who is ready to engage in interactions. These events significantly strengthen the attachment and ...
Blunt Brenda - - 2009
Drug addiction is a serious issue in today's society. Women are giving birth to infants who are born addicted to illicit drugs, and these mothers are not able to care for their infants safely and competently without training and support. This article examines the prevalence of the problem. It also ...
Pohlman Shawn - - 2009
The experiences of 9 fathers of premature infants in the technological environment of the neonatal intensive care unit were examined using interpretive methods. Fathers were interviewed 6 to 8 times each. Findings revealed emotional costs for fathers as technology often took precedence. Fathers' feelings of frustration, fear, and alienation were ...
Wen H-J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hereditary and environmental factors contribute to the occurrence of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the interaction of these two factors is not totally understood. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the early risk factors for infantile AD at the age of 6 months and to develop a predictive model for the development of ...
Rosenbaum Emily - - 2009
We test whether infants living with employed, co-resident parents where at least one parent works a non-standard work shift exhibit significantly more behavior problems than children whose parents both work traditional day shifts. We use a sample of infants living with employed, co-resident parents and two waves of data from ...
Ball H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Parent-infant bed-sharing is a common practice in Western post-industrial nations with up to 50% of infants sleeping with their parents at some point during early infancy. However, researchers have claimed that infants may be at risk of suffocation or sudden infant death syndrome related to airway covering or compression ...
Lam Hugh Simon - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess (1) the differences in attitudes toward disabilities of 3 groups of subjects involved in neonatal care decision-making: health care workers, mothers of term infants, and parents of preterm infants, and (2) the impact of subject characteristics on these attitudes including parental education level, religion, and severity of ...
Blom Maria A - - 2009
This article describes two health care interventions developed to support parents whose infant cries excessively. Intervention 1 consists of advice to caregivers to bring about regularity and uniformity in daily infant care and to reduce external stimuli. Intervention 2 is the same advice accompanied by instructions to swaddle during sleep. ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2009
To examine inter-relationships among stress due to infant appearance and behavior in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), parental role alteration stress in the NICU, depressive symptoms, state anxiety, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and daily hassles exhibited by African-American mothers of preterm infants and to determine whether there were subgroups of ...
Lokker Nicole N Department of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2009
Concerns about the safety and efficacy of over-the-counter cold medications have led to a recent US Food and Drug Administration public health advisory against their use in children <2 years of age. Our goal was to examine caregiver understanding of the age indication of over-the-counter cold medication labels and identify ...
Osayande Amimi - - 2009
There are several steps you can take. Monitor the growth of exclusively breastfed babies by plotting routine weights and lengths on the World Health Organization (WHO) growth curve. Reassure parents that higher-than-normal weight gain in infants who are breastfeeding easily without supplementation has no known adverse effects. Advise parents to ...
Armentrout Debra - - 2009
Research findings reported in the literature about making life and death decisions for critically ill infants in the neonatal ICU focus primarily on the experiences of health care providers and the ethical dilemmas surrounding these decisions. Fewer studies focus on parents' experiences in making decisions about discontinuing life support for ...
Herv?? M J - - 2009
The efficacy of parent-child psychotherapies is widely recognized today. There are, however, less data on predictive factors for outcome in infants and toddlers and their parents. The aim of this study was to highlight predictive factors for outcome after a brief psychotherapy in a population of 49 infants and toddlers ...
Finger Brent - - 2009
This project examined interrelations between father-mother conflict, father support of mother, maternal behavior, and infant-mother attachment within a sample of 79 African American families living in a highly stressed urban community. Father support of mother was not related to maternal parenting behavior or infant attachment. Conflicted mother-father relationships were associated ...
Price Mary P - - 2009
Occupation-centered practices with infants and children necessarily involve parents. Although the importance of parent-therapist collaboration is recognized, there is little research demonstrating how collaboration is enacted. This article describes the therapy process between Erin, a NICU therapist, and Carmen and her infant, Mikala. These findings demonstrate how Erin, through the ...
Fanos Joanna H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the developmental impact of surviving a sibling who dies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: Fourteen (13 adults, 1 adolescent) siblings of infants who died in Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center's NICU between 1980 and 1990 were interviewed. The interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, and ...
Brannon Timothy S - - 2009
Parents of premature infants often receive infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training prior to discharge from the hospital, but one study showed that 27.5% of parents could not demonstrate adequate CPR skills after completing an instructor-led class. We hypothesized that parents who viewed an instructional video on infant CPR before attending ...
Pugach Sofya - - 2009
Each year consumers purchase about 95 million units of over-the-counter medications for pediatric use, an unsafe application that can cause life-threatening effects. Despite a warning from the Food and Drug Administration, many parents or caregivers continue to administer these remedies to children. This report describes the case of a 4-month-old ...
Robinson Shenandoah - - 2009
OBJECT: The increase in the prevalence of nonsynostotic occipital deformational plagiocephaly in infants, which resulted from the American Academy of Pediatrics' 1992 recommendation to have healthy infants sleep supine, has been accompanied by significant controversy in diagnosis and management. The controversy was exacerbated by the 1998 FDA classification of cranial ...
Kavanaugh Karen K Department of Women, Children, and Family Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Nursing, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2009
Parents who are at risk for giving birth to an extremely premature infant, defined as 22 to 25 weeks' gestation, can find themselves faced with urgent treatment decisions for their unborn infant that have life-altering consequences. Despite the recommendation for involving parents in decision making for these infants, there is ...
Cabrera Natasha J - - 2009
The present study examines the associations between Mexican American mothers' and fathers' pregnancy intentions, fathers' participation in prenatal activities and mother-infant interactions and father engagement with 9 month-old infants in a nationally representative sample of 735 infants and their parents participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study - Birth Cohort. ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2009
AIMS: To assess neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admissions compared with controls, and to trial a parent-reporting scheme. METHODS: All infants admitted to the NICU at Christchurch Women's Hospital over a 12-month period and whose parents were domiciled in a defined geographical region were ...
Donohue P K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To characterize parents' perception of back-transport of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants from a regional referral neonatal intensive care unit (RR-NICU) to a community hospital (CH) for convalescent care. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods utilizing parental interview and medical record review. RESULT: Overall, 20% of parents selected the CH to which their ...
Einarsdóttir Jónína - - 2009
In this article, I examine how parents of infants with birth weight of 1000 grams or less in Iceland relate to the questions whether and when treatment for a preterm infant may be withdrawn, and who should make such a decision. Almost all the parents agreed there are categories of ...
Shaw Richard J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Having an infant hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a highly stressful event for parents. Researchers have proposed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a model to explain the psychological reaction of parents to their NICU experience. OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to examine the prevalence of PTSD ...
Landau Rivka - - 2009
Patterns of interaction of 34 mothers and fathers with their 7-month-old boys at familial risk for ADHD and 25 comparison families were studied during infant play with blocks. The parents were instructed to refrain from intervening as much as possible. Infants in the risk group did not differ from those ...
Westcott McCoy Sarah - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (HINT) was developed as a screening tool for potential motor and cognitive developmental disorders in infants. Scoring on the HINT has been shown to be reliable, and several studies have supported the validity of the HINT. Normative values for the tool have been developed ...
Chianese Jennifer - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To understand parents' motivations for bed sharing with their infants aged 1-6 months, their beliefs about safety concerns, and their attitudes about bed-sharing advice. METHODS: We conducted 4 focus groups with primary caregivers of infants ages 1-6 months who regularly shared beds with their infants. We recruited participants from ...
Bugental Daphne Blunt - - 2009
The authors assessed the effectiveness of a home visitation program in enhancing the early parenting history of infants born at medical risk--a population that is at risk for mistreatment. A randomized clinical trial design was used to compare the effects of a cognitively based extension of the Healthy Start home ...
Kurto─člu Selim - - 2009
Iodine overload frequently leads to transient hyperthyrotropinemia or hypothyroidism, and rarely to hyperthyroidism in neonates. Iodine exposure can be prenatal, perinatal or postnatal. Herein we report two newborn infants who developed severe hypothyroidism due to iodine overload. The overloading was caused by excessive use of an iodinated antiseptic for umbilical ...
Coleman Jennifer J - - 2009
This study describes perceptions of African American mothers related to infant health care. The study s significance arises from the increased incidence of SIDS and disparity in infant mortality among African Americans. SIDS disproportionately affects African American infants and failure of parents to adhere to supine sleep is offered as ...
Moore Kristin A - - 2009
This study examines predictors of a cumulative measure of high-risk births, rather than single risks separately, as in prior research. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort survey, we incorporate data from fathers and mothers to assess characteristics associated with births subsequent to a focal child's birth within high-risk circumstances. ...
Han Wen-Jui WJ Columbia University School of Social Work, - - 2009
We describe trends in maternal employment and leave-taking after birth of a newborn and analyze the extent to which these behaviors are influenced by parental leave policies. Data are from the June Current Population Survey (CPS) Fertility Supplements, merged with other months of the CPS, and cover the period 1987 ...
Katz-Sidlow Rachel J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Pediatricians routinely advise parents to seek immediate medical attention if their young infant develops a fever. Many parents rely on palpation to assess their child's temperature. Our objective was to determine the prevalence and accuracy of parental palpation for fever in young infants. METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample ...
Thomas Julia - - 2009
Although the period after the birth of their infant is a difficult and complex time for first-time parents who have to attain new abilities, knowledge, and skills, parents of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g) face even greater challenges. Parenting self-efficacy has been found to play a key role in the ...
Gagnon Anita J - - 2009
Many learning needs arise in the early postpartum period and it is important to examine interventions being used to educate new parents about caring for themselves and their newborns during this time. To assess the effects of structured postnatal education delivered by an educator to an individual or group on ...
Obeidat Hala M - - 2009
The purpose of this systematic review was to explore and describe the experience of parents with an infant in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU). A literature search covering the period 1998-2008 was conducted. Fourteen articles reporting qualitative studies describing parental experiences and meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated and ...
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