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Results 101 - 150 of 1094
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Longworth Heather L - - 2011
to explore the role, expectations and meanings that individual fathers ascribe to their presence at birth. a Heideggerian phenomenological approach utilising in-depth interviews at two different time points. large tertiary maternity unit in the North West of England. 11 first-time fathers accessed through hospital-based parentcraft sessions. four main themes were ...
Stenius Fredrik - - 2010
The anthroposophic lifestyle implies environmental conditions for the infant aimed at reducing negative stress stimulation and is also related to a lower prevalence of allergic diseases in children. One aim of this prospective birth cohort study was to assess stress levels in infants with an anthroposophic lifestyle. A total of ...
Stray-Pedersen Arne - - 2011
An 11-month-old girl presented to hospital with a massive subdural haematoma and bilateral retinal haemorrhages following an allegedly minor fall. There were no external signs of bruising and no prior bleeding tendency was reported. Although initial analyses were normal, repeated testing of the coagulation-fibrinolysis system led to a diagnosis of ...
Axelin Anna - - 2010
To describe and understand how mothers utilize the opportunity to actively participate in their preterm infants' pain care using facilitated tucking by parents (FTP). Descriptive and exploratory study with postintervention interview. Finnish level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Twenty-three mothers who had preterm infants born at gestational ages of ...
Roby Jini L - - 2010
There is a growing practice of adoption services on the Internet with varying degrees of regulation, depending on whether it is domestic infant adoption, public foster care adoption, or international adoption. Regulation is particularly lacking in domestic infant adoptions, with Web sites connecting prospective birth and adoptive parents, sometimes through ...
Spangler Gottfried - - 2010
The aim of the study was to investigate parental perception and interpretation of infant emotional expression depending on their attachment representation. Forty-six parents' responses to infant pictures depicting positive, neutral, and negative emotions were assessed on the level of affective judgments (valence, arousal), mimic responses (facial muscle activity), and of ...
Svanberg P O PO P.O. Svanberg Associates, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK. - - 2010
It is increasingly recognized that early sensitive care-giving predicts a secure attachment in infancy and early childhood.This preliminary report details the development, implementation and evaluation of a clinical programme that used a targeted prevention approach following a universally-offered screening of parent-infant interactions. The CARE-Index was used to assign dyads to ...
Saito Atsuko - - 2011
Parent-offspring attachment is important for animals which have offspring that require parental care for their development. Infant attachment to the mother has been examined in macaques, but it remains poorly understood in common marmosets. Here, we examined the abilities of 14 common marmoset infants to show preference for their parents ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2010
Animal studies demonstrated that the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT), implicated in bond formation across mammalian species, is transmitted from mother to young through mechanisms of early social experiences; however, no research has addressed the cross-generation transmission of OT in humans. Fifty-five parents (36 mothers and 19 fathers) engaged in a 15-min ...
Schwichtenberg A J AJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Davis, - - 2010
Difficulties in communication and reciprocal social behavior are core features of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and are often present, to varying degrees, in other family members. This prospective longitudinal infant sibling study examines whether social-communicative features of family members may inform which infants are at increased risk for ASD and ...
Barr Rachel - - 2010
Recent research has indicated that there are long-term consequences of early media exposure. The present study examined the amount, content, and context of television exposure across the infancy period in the United States. Parents of 308 infants aged 6 to 18 months completed questionnaires detailing parental attitudes regarding their children's ...
Halford W Kim - - 2010
The transition to parenthood is a substantial challenge for many couples, and the extent to which the partners can support each other and their relationship is strongly related to the sensitivity and responsiveness of their parenting of their infant. This paper critically analyses the links between the couple relationship and ...
Teti Douglas M - - 2010
In the present study, linkages were examined between parental behaviors (maternal practices) at bedtime, emotional availability of mothering at bedtime, and infant sleep quality in a cross-sectional sample of families with infants between 1 and 24 months of age. Observations of maternal behaviors and maternal emotional availability were conducted independently ...
Liu Chung-Hua - - 2010
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to apply empowerment strategies to the establishing of a support group for parents of preterm infants who were recently discharged home and to examine its effectiveness in terms of self-efficacy, perceived stress and depression among the parents. BACKGROUND: While the concept of empowerment ...
Blüschke Gert - - 2010
To re-evaluate the mortality of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) and the prevalence of hyperpyrexia and possible neurological sequelae in affected infants. A cross-sectional postal survey was conducted among parents of 100 children with ectodermal dysplasia who had been registered with the German-Swiss-Austrian patient support group at any time point within ...
Tikotzky Liat - - 2011
The goals of this study were to assess: (a) the involvement of fathers and mothers in overall and nighttime infant caregiving; (b) the links between paternal involvement in infant care and infant sleep patterns during the first 6 months. Fifty-six couples recruited during their first pregnancy, participated in the study. ...
Lang Ariel J - - 2010
The impact of maternal history of maltreatment and psychopathology on mother-child relationship, parenting, and infant temperament was evaluated. Women completed self-report measures addressing childhood trauma, psychopathology, infant-parent relationship, parenting, and infant temperament. Maternal physical abuse was associated with poorer mother-child interactions, increased vigilance, and difficulty recovering from distress among infants, ...
Werling Jerry - - 2010
Most children with meningococcal disease have apparent clinical signs of illness, but some do not initially present with clinical toxicity. These children with unsuspected meningococcal disease may potentially be discharged after outpatient evaluation and may deteriorate rapidly. We present the case of a 15-week-old infant boy who was brought to ...
Gordon Ilanit I Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, - - 2010
Animal studies have implicated the neuropeptides Prolactin (PRL) and Oxytocin (OT) in processes of maternal bonding and PRL has similarly been shown to play a role in the neurophysiology of fatherhood. Yet, very little is known on the involvement of PRL and OT in human fathering. Forty-three fathers and their ...
Hunter Sharon K - - 2011
Diminished inhibitory gating of cerebral auditory evoked responses is transmitted in families with psychoses as an endophenotype related to the genetic risk for these illnesses. To assess whether the endophenotype is already expressed in infants of parents with psychotic illness and to assess effects of other known risk factors for ...
Ladomenou Fani - - 2010
SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Factors predisposing to acute otitis media (AOM) are not thoroughly understood. OBJECTIVES: In this study we prospectively investigated incidence rates and risk factors of AOM in a systematic sample of infants in a well-defined population. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Following interview soon after delivery in a representative sample of ...
Koren Ainat - - 2010
This exploratory study aimed to discern parental understanding and behaviors, provider practices, and available online information related to infant positioning including "Back to Sleep" and "Tummy Time" (TT) during early infancy. The study employed three methods of exploration: surveys of 119 mothers of newborns, a focus group of nine health ...
Parsons C E - - 2010
Infant survival and the development of secure and cooperative relationships are central to the future of the species. In humans, this relies heavily on the evolving early parent-infant social and affective relationship. While much is known about the behavioural and psychological components of this relationship, relatively little is known about ...
Kelmanson I A - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate possible relationship between infant-parent(s) bed sharing during night sleep and sleep characteristics in two-month-old infants. METHODS: One hundred and twelve healthy infants from the community setting (48 males, 64 females) who were singletons born in St. Petersburg, Russia in 2007, at ...
Zahed Sofia Refetoff - - 2010
Individual variation in infant caretaking behavior is prevalent among marmoset and tamarin monkeys. Although most group members participate in infant care, the timing and amount provided differs greatly. In this study, we quantified general trends in infant carrying behavior by using a longitudinal database that included 11 years of instantaneous ...
Kikkert Hedwig K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parental anxiety and stress may have consequences for infant neurological development. AIMS: To study relationships between parental anxiety or well-being and infant neurological development approximately one year after birth. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study of a birth cohort of infants born to subfertile couples. Subjects: 206 parent-child dyads. OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Richert Rebekah A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether children between 12 and 25 months of age learn words from an infant-directed DVD designed for that purpose. DESIGN: Half of the children received a DVD to watch in their home over the course of 6 weeks. SETTING: All participants returned to a laboratory for testing ...
Stein Michal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: While the burden of rotavirus infection with regard to hospitalizations has been extensively investigated, there are sparse data on the cost and impact of this infection on the ambulatory part of the health system in Israel. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the burden of rotavirus infection on the ambulatory system in ...
Griswold Katherine J - - 2010
Before the delivery of a premature infant, a prenatal consultation between parents and physicians provides the opportunity to establish a trusting relationship and create a supportive environment for decision-making concerning neonatal resuscitation. The ideal consult enables physicians to educate parents about preterm delivery and potential outcomes for their infant while ...
Kaitz Marsha - - 2010
We determined whether the combination of the 48-bp variable number tandem repeat polymorphism of the dopamine (DRD4) gene and infants' (fussy-difficult) temperament predicted parenting sensitivity. The sample was comprised of 147 mothers and their 6-month olds. Sensitive parenting was assessed by coding filmed interactions between mothers and infants. Infant temperament ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2010
Animal studies have demonstrated that the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) plays a critical role in processes of parent-infant bonding through mechanisms of early parental care, particularly maternal grooming and contact. Yet, the involvement of OT in human parenting remains poorly understood, no data are available on the role of OT in ...
Nordhov Solveig Marianne - - 2010
Nordhov, S. M., Kaaresen, P. I., Rønning, J. A., Ulvund, S. E. & Dahl, L. B. (2010). A randomized study of the impact of a sensitizing intervention on the child-rearing attitudes of parents of low birth weight preterm infants. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The background for this study was that ...
Burney Regan V - - 2010
This study examined the contributions of infant temperament, marital functioning, and the division of parenting on the quality of the coparenting relationship for couples parenting 6-month-old infants. Marital functioning was assessed prenatally. When infants were 6 months old, infant temperamental characteristics (i.e., distress to limits, distress to novelty, and soothability), ...
Chow Sy-Miin - - 2010
We examined dynamic infant-parent affect coupling using the Face-to-Face/Still-Face (FFSF). The sample included 20 infants whose older siblings had been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD-sibs) and 18 infants with comparison siblings (COMP-sibs). A series of mixed effects bivariate autoregressive models was used to represent the self-regulation and interactive dynamics ...
Courage Mary L - - 2010
The pattern of 6- and 18-month-old infants' and their parents' attention to toys, a commercially available infant-directed video, and each other were examined in a 20 min free-play context as a function of whether the television was on or off. The results indicated that infants at both ages directed significantly ...
Rowe Heather J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Australia's public access residential early parenting services provide programs to assist parents who self-refer, to care for their infants and young children. Treatment programs target infant feeding and sleeping difficulties and maternal mental health. There is limited systematic evidence of maternal and infant mental health, psychosocial circumstances or presenting ...
Baker J - - 2010
This study investigated a novel approach to obtaining data on parent and infant emotion during the Face-to-Face/Still-Face paradigm, and examined these data in light of previous findings regarding early autism risk. One-hundred and eighty eight non-expert students rated 38 parents and infant siblings of children who did (20) or did ...
Rothe Vincent - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate an infant oral health education programme, using a pre-post test design, for parents attending a paediatric clinic. METHODS: The subjects were parents attending the well baby appointments at 3, 6, and 9 months of age. The study participants were men and ...
Bos Peter A - - 2010
Parental responsiveness to infant vocalizations is an essential mechanism to ensure parental care, and its importance is reflected in a specific neural substrate, the thalamocingulate circuit, which evolved through mammalian evolution subserving this responsiveness. Recent studies using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) provide compelling evidence for a comparable mechanism in ...
Koester Lynne Sanford - - 2010
Infants enter the world prepared to learn about their environments and to become effective social partners, while most parents are equally prepared to support these early emergent skills. Through subtle, non-conscious behaviors, parents guide their infants in the regulation of emotions, language acquisition, and participation in social exchanges. For example, ...
Schwichtenberg Amy Jo - - 2010
Night awakenings are a normative part of early development. In the first year, night awakenings are associated with birth order, feeding route, sleep aid use, sleep location, infant temperament and development, infant-parent attachment, family socioeconomics, and cultural norms. In the second year, additional factors build on these foundational features, including ...
Harris Lauren Julius - - 2010
For parents anxious "lest their children should be left-handed", the American author Mary Palmer Tyler offered advice and reassurance in her 1811 child-care manual The Maternal Physician. This article provides a brief biography of Tyler and the text of her remarks, along with notes on the text and the author's ...
Smith Jan C - - 2010
A 10-year experience with a unique, short-term community group therapy program, Parent and Infant Relationship Support (PAIRS) for high risk infants and their parents is discussed. The program offers ten, 2-hour closed weekly group therapy sessions for mothers and their babies, following a parallel conjoint model of group work. The ...
Twomey Jean E - - 2010
The Vulnerable Infants Program of Rhode Island is a care coordination program to promote permanency for substance-exposed infants by addressing parental needs and increasing collaboration among social service agencies. Over the first four years of the program, there was a decrease in time spent in the newborn nursery beyond medical ...
Leve Leslie D - - 2010
To further the understanding of the effects of early experiences, 9-month-old infants were observed during a frustration task. The analytical sample was composed of 348 linked triads of participants (adoptive parents, adopted child, and birth parent[s]) from a prospective adoption study. It was hypothesized that genetic risk for externalizing problems ...
Moore Ginger A - - 2010
Parent conflict during infancy may affect rapidly developing physiological regulation. To examine the association between parent conflict and infants' vagal tone functioning, mothers (N = 48) reported levels of parent conflict and their 6-month-old male and female infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) was measured in the still-face paradigm. Higher parent ...
Çoban Dilek - - 2010
The treatment of epilepsy during pregnancy is a worldwide problem. Drugs need to be used to control seizures in the mothers. In utero, exposure to valproic acid (VPA) and phenytoin (PH) may cause congenital malformations and also withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, jitteriness and symptoms of hypoglycemia. We present here ...
Redsell Sarah A - - 2010
A number of risk factors are associated with the development of childhood obesity which can be identified during infancy. These include infant feeding practices, parental response to infant temperament and parental perception of infant growth and appetite. Parental beliefs and understanding are crucial determinants of infant feeding behaviour; therefore any ...
Bryanton Janet J School of Nursing, University of Prince Edward Island, 550 University Avenue, Charlottetown, Canada, C1A - - 2010
Many learning needs arise in the early postpartum period, and it is important to examine interventions used to educate new parents about caring for their newborns during this time. The primary objective was to assess the effects of structured postnatal education delivered by an educator to an individual or group ...
Saridjan Nathalie S - - 2010
Dysregulation of diurnal cortisol secretion patterns may explain the link between adversities early in life and later mental health problems. However, few studies have investigated the influence of social disadvantage and family adversity on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis early in life. In 366 infants aged 12-20 months from the Generation ...
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