Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1094
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kadey Heather J - - 2012
Placing infants in a prone position for "tummy time" often is recommended to ensure appropriate infant development and to combat the effects associated with infants spending extended periods of time in a supine position. However, tummy time may be associated with inappropriate infant behavior such as crying and noncompliance. We ...
O'Shea T Michael - - 2012
Whether intraventricular hemorrhage increases the risk of adverse developmental outcome among premature infants is controversial. Using brain ultrasound, we identified intraventricular hemorrhage and white matter abnormalities among 1064 infants born before 28 weeks' gestation. We identified adverse developmental outcomes at 24 months of age using a standardized neurologic examination and ...
Saby Joni N - - 2012
A foundational aspect of early social-emotional development is the ability to detect and respond to the actions of others who are coordinating their behavior with that of the self. Behavioral work in this area has found that infants show particular preferences for adults who are imitating them rather than adults ...
Bang Sunhee - - 2011
Surgical skill and strategy for the correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have improved and resulted in satisfactory outcomes. However, prematurity and low birth weight continue to remain risk factors for poor outcomes. We present a case of a 2,150 g neonate born with TOF, in whom palliation was achieved ...
Ramadan Ghada - - 2012
The longer-term outcome of term-born infants without congenital anomalies requiring ventilation in the first 24 h after birth has rarely been reported. Our aims were to determine the mortality and long-term morbidity of such infants and identify risk factors for adverse outcome. The outcomes of 43 of 45 infants born ...
Dong Ying - - 2011
Preterm birth rate continues to rise around the world mainly at the expense of late preterm newborns, recently defined as births between the gestational age of 34 weeks and 36-6/7 weeks. Late preterm infants are considered to have significantly more short-term and longterm adverse outcomes than term infants. Articles concerning ...
Bialkowski Anja - - 2011
Neonatal interventions for critical aortic coarctation may be associated with considerable morbidity and mortality if the patient is extremely premature. We report the successful treatment of critical coarctation in a 25-week, 740-gram infant using initial clipping of the duct until continued prostaglandin E1 infusion delayed end-to-end anastomosis 7 weeks later.
Panchaud A - - 2011
The likelihood of significant exposure to drugs in infants through breast milk is poorly defined, given the difficulties of conducting pharmacokinetics (PK) studies. Using fluoxetine (FX) as an example, we conducted a proof-of-principle study applying population PK (popPK) modeling and simulation to estimate drug exposure in infants through breast milk. ...
Sathyanarayana Sheela - - 2011
Most of the U.S. population is exposed to the high-production-volume chemical bisphenol A (BPA), but targetable sources of exposure remain to be determined. Animal studies and one human study suggest that BPA is a neurotoxicant. A mother in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective ...
Miquel-Verges Franscesca - - 2011
Assess the needs of Latino families with limited English proficiency (LEP) whose infant is discharged from the NICU. Parent interviews at discharge and 1 month later. Thirty-six mothers were interviewed. Thirty nine percentage had <8th grade education; half earned <$10,000 annually. Twenty-eight percentage had no primary support person inside the US. ...
Valentín-Blasini Liza - - 2011
Perchlorate is a naturally occurring inorganic anion used as a component of solid rocket fuel, explosives, and pyrotechnics. Sufficiently high perchlorate intakes can modify thyroid function by competitively inhibiting iodide uptake in adults; however, little is known about perchlorate exposure and health effects in infants. Food intake models predict that ...
Trainor Laurel J - - 2011
Animal models suggest that the brain is particularly neuroplastic early in development, but previous studies have not systematically controlled the auditory environment in human infants and observed the effects on auditory cortical representations. We exposed 4-month-old infants to melodies in either guitar or marimba timbre (infants were randomly assigned to ...
Peel Jennifer L - - 2011
Evidence suggests that increased ambient air pollution concentrations are associated with health effects, although relatively few studies have specifically examined infants. We examined associations of daily ambient air pollution concentrations with central apnea (prolonged pauses in breathing) and bradycardia (low heart rate) events among infants prescribed home cardiorespiratory monitors. The ...
Kashima Saori - - 2011
An association between exposure to traffic-related air pollution and reduced birth weight has been suggested. However, previous studies have failed to adjust for maternal size, which is an indicator of individual genetic growth potential. Therefore, we evaluated the association of air pollution with birth weight, term low birth weight (term-LBW), ...
Jacob Sharon E - - 2011
  Children's clothes with metal snaps are a potential source of nickel exposure to consider in infants and very young children. Further more avoidance of this exposure may help prevent nickel sensitization.
Kandzia Florian - - 2011
Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) are usually evoked with air conduction (AC) stimuli. Only a few reports exist about OAEs where stimuli have been delivered using bone conduction (BC) by placing a bone conductor on the forehead or the mastoid. The aims of the present study were to improve the ...
Meijssen D E - - 2011
Objective  Purpose of this study was to examine maternal parenting stress as a secondary outcome of the Infant Behavioural Assessment and Intervention Program (IBAIP). Methods  In a randomized controlled trial 86 very preterm infants and their parents were assigned to the intervention group and 90 to the control group. Maternal ...
Mennella Julie A - - 2011
By using the response to protein hydrolysate formula (PHF) as a model system, we discovered the existence of a sensitive period, before 4 mo, when exposure determines the hedonic tone to flavors. We aimed to characterize the timing and duration of this sensitive period. Healthy infants, whose parents had chosen ...
Horton Megan K - - 2011
Recent pesticide-monitoring results suggest that a shift in residential pesticide exposure from organophosphorus insecticides to pyrethroid insecticides has occurred. Pyrethroid insecticides are potential neurodevelopmental toxicants and have not been evaluated for developmental toxicity. Our objective was to explore the association between prenatal exposure to permethrin (a common pyrethroid) and piperonyl ...
Hulecki Lauren R - - 2011
Background: Bone-conduction thresholds have been used in audiologic assessments of both infants and adults to differentiate between conductive and sensorineural hearing losses. However, air- and bone-conduction thresholds estimated for infants with normal hearing using physiological measures have identified an "air-bone gap" in the low frequencies that does not result from ...
Czarnecki Michelle L - - 2011
infants and young children are often unable to verbalize pain or advocate for themselves which may increase their risk for poor pain assessment and management. Although patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has been shown to be safe, effective, and superior to intermittent opioid dosing, infants and young children are not able to ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2011
Pneumothorax-associated pneumoretroperitoneum and perirenal air have rarely been reported in infants. We report a case of an extremely low-birth-weight infant who developed pneumoretroperitoneum and perirenal air associated with tension pneumothorax and deteriorated acutely despite prompt pleural water-seal vacuum drainage system insertion. Our aim in presenting this case report is to ...
Scheers Hans - - 2011
Numerous studies show associations between fine particulate air pollutants [particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM₁₀)] and mortality in adults. We investigated short-term effects of elevated PM₁₀ levels on infant mortality in Flanders, Belgium, and studied whether the European Union (EU) limit value protects infants from the ...
Balakrishnan Asha - - 2011
Very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g) have increased impact on families compared to term infants. However, there is limited research examining this impact in the first months post-discharge. To determine maternal, neonatal, and infant characteristics associated with greater impact on the family at 3 months corrected age in ...
Schwichtenberg A J AJ Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, CA 95817, USA. - - 2011
After a transactional perspective, this longitudinal study assessed concurrent and time-lagged associations between infant daytime sleep behaviors and maternal play interactions within a sample of infants born preterm. Data were collected from 134 families recruited from 3 Wisconsin neonatal intensive care units. Multiple methods were used to collect data at ...
Smith Lynne M LM Los Angeles Biomedical Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2011
Methamphetamine (MA) use among pregnant women is an increasing problem in the United States. The impact of prenatal MA exposure on development in childhood is unknown. To examine the effects of prenatal MA exposure on motor and cognitive development in children at 1, 2, and 3 years of age. IDEAL ...
Son Ji-Young - - 2011
Several studies suggest that airborne particulate matter (PM) is associated with infant mortality; however, most focused on short-term exposure to larger particles. We evaluated associations between long-term exposure to different sizes of particles [total suspended particles (TSP), PM ≤ 10 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM₁₀), ≤ 10-2.5 μm (PM(10-2.5)), and ...
Darrow Lyndsey A - - 2011
An emerging body of evidence suggests that ambient levels of air pollution during pregnancy are associated with fetal growth. We examined relationships between birth weight and temporal variation in ambient levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide (NO₂), sulfur dioxide (SO₂), ozone, particulate matter ≤ 10 μm in diameter (PM₁₀), ≤ ...
Watts D Heather - - 2011
To determine rate of and risk factors for birth defects in infants born to HIV-infected women receiving nucleoside and protease inhibitor antiretroviral (ARV) therapy. Birth defects were evaluated among infants on the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 316 trial that studied addition of peripartum nevirapine to established ARV regimen for ...
Carey Stephan A - - 2011
Children chronically exposed to high levels of ozone (O(3)), the principal oxidant pollutant in photochemical smog, are more vulnerable to respiratory illness and infections. The specific factors underlying this differential susceptibility are unknown but may be related to air pollutant-induced nasal alterations during postnatal development that impair the normal physiological ...
Jind Lise - - 2010
The present prospective study examined cognitive schemata and processing among 93 parents bereaved by infant death. The Trauma Constellation Identification Scale (TCIS) was used to assess maladaptive cognitive schemata associated with the loss. The impact of pre-, peri-, and post-trauma factors on the TCIS scores was assessed. Compared to parents ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several mechanisms are suspected to underlie adverse birth outcomes among mothers exposed to air pollutants, including inflammation, direct toxic effects on fetuses and the placenta, displacement of the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve, and formation of DNA adducts. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the association between air pollutants and birth outcomes of ...
Sittig Steven E - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate exposure of neonates to noise during air medical transport as few commercially available hearing protective devices exist for premature newborns during air medical transport. Sound pressure levels in an infant incubator during actual flight conditions in four common medically configured aircraft were ...
Alio Amina P - - 2010
Lack of paternal involvement during pregnancy and infancy may account for a significant burden of the adverse pregnancy outcomes among black women and could therefore, represent an important avenue providing the opportunity to improve feto-infant health and survival. This study aimed to review the literature on paternal involvement during the ...
Wilkinson Dominic J C - - 2010
In this commentary I assess the possible harms to a fetus with trisomy 18 of continued life. I argue that, although there is good reason to avoid subjecting infants to major surgery and prolonged intensive care where there is little chance of benefit, doctors should support and engage honestly with ...
Swain James E - - 2011
Interacting parenting thoughts and behaviors, supported by key brain circuits, critically shape human infants' current and future behavior. Indeed, the parent-infant relationship provides infants with their first social environment, forming templates for what they can expect from others, how to interact with them and ultimately how they go on to ...
Beijers Roseriet - - 2011
Previous research found that centre-based childcare is related to more illnesses early in life. The goal of this longitudinal study is to determine whether infant health in the first year of life is also related to the amount of time spent in non-parental care and the number of concurrent non-parental ...
Pridham Karen - - 2010
Drawing on attachment-caregiving theory, we interviewed parents of 24 infants with a complex congenital heart defect (CCHD) about parenting motivations through the first year. Using directed content analysis, 8 categories of motivations, focused either on the baby, the parent-infant relationship, family, self, or tasks were identified at 1, 4 or ...
Joyner Brandi L - - 2010
African American infants are of higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and accidental suffocation than other infants and are up to 4 times more likely to bedshare with their parents. To investigate, using qualitative methods, factors influencing African American parents' decisions regarding infant sleep location (room location and ...
Mothander Pia Risholm PR Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2010
The parental functioning and its influence upon infant mental health development have been extensively studied but there are few clinical studies investigating less severe psychiatric problems among mothers and fathers in the same family. This study focuses on the emotional well-being of mothers and fathers who bring their infants to ...
Wallace Katherine S - - 2010
There is a scarcity of empirically validated treatments for infants and toddlers under age 3 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), as well as a scarcity of empirical investigation into successful intervention characteristics for this population. Yet early screening efforts are focused on identifying autism risk in children under age ...
Lefkowitz Debra S - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mothers and fathers, and postpartum depression (PPD) in mothers, of infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). 86 mothers and 41 fathers completed measures of ASD ...
Eadie Patricia Ann - - 2010
Parent report instruments are frequently used for the identification of both 'at-risk' children and to support the diagnosis of communication delay. Whilst the evidence is strong for the accuracy of parent report of vocabulary between 2 and 3 years, there are fewer studies that have considered the ability of parents ...
Haley David W - - 2011
In humans, anticipatory stress involves activation of the limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which releases stress hormones such as cortisol in response to an impending stressor. Conditioning of the stress response to anticipate and prepare for future challenges is a hallmark of adaptation. It is unknown whether human infants in the first year ...
Wynn Lynn - - 2010
Protocol-eligible subjects may not be candidates for research participation or may decline. To determine factors that affected accrual, we evaluated enrollment in BABY HUG, a multi-center, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of hydroxyurea (HU) in infants with sickle cell anemia. An anonymized registry of potential subjects served as the primary ...
Paul Ian M - - 2011
More than 20% of US children between ages 2 and 5 years are overweight suggesting efforts to prevent obesity must begin earlier. This study tested the independent and combined effects of two behavioral interventions delivered to parents, designed to promote healthy infant growth in the first year. Mother-newborn dyads intending ...
Rosenberg Janine M - - 2011
Objective : To compare relative levels of stress reported by mothers and fathers in families containing infants with and without single-suture craniosynostosis. Design : Case-control study. Participants : Mothers and fathers of 246 infants with recently diagnosed single-suture craniosynostosis and 253 frequency-matched control infants completed the Parenting Stress Index just ...
Zimmer-Gembeck Melanie J - - 2010
Because infants and toddlers are particularly susceptible to parents' socialization efforts, the purpose of this 2-year longitudinal study (N=4271 infants) was to forecast toddlers' competence and problems (adaptational outcomes, age M=30 months) from parenting experiences when they were infants (age M=9 months). Using structural equation modeling and data from a ...
Shiva F - - 2010
A study was conducted to define the pattern of baby walker usage and the rate of walker-related injuries in infants, as well as to determine the effects of baby walkers on the start of independent walking among infants. Families of infants aged six months to two years who presented at ...
Mackley Amy B AB Division of Neonatology, Christiana Care Health Systems, Newark, DE 19713, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate and compare the presence of perceived paternal stress and depressive symptomatology in fathers of preterm infants over time. Fathers of NICU infants born before 30 weeks of gestation. Prospective convenience sample. Consenting fathers were given 2 self-report questionnaires: Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and Parent Stressor Scale: ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >