Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1095
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >
Tomko M - - 1993
The influence of parental origin, litter size and sex on the occurrence of splayleg was studied in 294 splayleg-affected litters with a total of 3,166 newborn piglets. Higher incidence of the disease was found in the litters sired by the SL-1 synthetic boar line, originating from crossings between German Landrace ...
Epps S - - 1993
This study extends previous investigations of prematurity prejudice by manipulating labels of infant health status and infant gender in a 2 x 2 factorial design. Eighty-eight parents of young children born prematurely viewed a videotape of a preterm infant on an apnea monitor and then completed ratings of premature infant ...
Biasella S - - 1993
Perinatal education has become a common standard of preparation for expectant families anticipating childbirth and support for new families during the transition into parenthood. Twenty-two series and classes are defined and a topical outline is provided for a specific audience of clients, including infants, preschoolers, expectant parents, new parents, and ...
Stjernqvist K M - - 1992
In a longterm prospective study 20 extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with birth weight between 500 and 900 g (mean 755 +/- 109 g) and gestational age between 24 and 30 weeks (mean 26.2 +/- 1.8 w) were compared with 20 fullterm infants. This part of the study focuses ...
McGillivray B C - - 1992
The unexpectedness of genital ambiguity in an infant creates an urgent and stressful situation. A logical approach, using a team of specialists together with nursery staff and physicians, allows each member to contribute expertise and unnecessary overlap of investigations. The psychological needs of the parents should be recognized, because their ...
Singh H - - 1992
Sleep pattern and night-awakening were studied in 500 healthy infants by a semistructured interview method. A total of 92.2% infants shared bed with their mothers, 6.8% with grand parents and 1% with fathers. Paternal participation at bedtime was observed to be insignificant. Infants of non-working mothers and families with vegetarian ...
Oakley Justin - - 1992
A crucial premise in many recent arguments against the moral permissibility of surrogate motherhood arrangements is the claim that a woman cannot autonomously consent to gestating and relinquishing a child to another couple, because she cannot be fully informed about what her future emotional responses will be to the foetus ...
Jones L C - - 1992
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of maternal employment to division of parental infant caregiving and whether infant characteristics predicted maternal and paternal caregiving during the first year. Subjects were 351 families with healthy infants from normal pregnancies. Measures included a newborn and 1-month Brazelton Neonatal ...
Miller D B - - 1992
The interactions of preterm infants with parents were compared with their interactions with nurses. Twenty-nine high-risk preterm infants who were a part of a larger longitudinal study of behavioral development were observed once weekly from 7 p.m. to 11 p.m. A single observation for each infant that contained a minimum ...
Steinkuller J S - - 1992
Three infants with group A streptococcal pharyngitis were found to have eaten food prechewed by their parents. One parent had a history of recent pharyngitis and another had frequent episodes of tonsillitis. Prechewing of babies' food, which may be more common in the United States than is generally recognized, may ...
Rogers B T - - 1992
This study examines the relationship between developmental outcomes of high-risk infants and parental perceptions and expectations. Parents of 209 consecutive high-risk infants were asked to provide their development interpretations and expectations before their infants received standard developmental assessments between April and October 1989. Moderate correlations between parents and professional assessments ...
McGillivray B C - - 1992
The unexpected arrival of an infant with ambiguous genitalia is stressful for both physicians and parents. Careful assessment of the external genital structures and the overall infant directs the immediate management. Investigations include evaluation of glucose, electrolytes, chromosomes, and 17-ketosteroids as well as ultrasound and evaluation of the urinary tract ...
Adair R - - 1992
Approximately 25% of infants wake regularly at night and need help in resettling. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a brief intervention to prevent such night waking. The study used a prospective cohort design with historical controls. Information from the control group was collected at the ...
Telvi L - - 1992
A male infant with static antenatal encephalopathy and epilepsy was found to have a duplication of 5p12----5pter and deficiency of 10p13----10pter. Each of his parents was a carrier of a balanced reciprocal translocation. A third translocation was found in the maternal grandfather. The pedigree of each translocation and the segregation ...
Wang X L - - 1992
The serum concentration of apo(a), the unique apolipoprotein of lipoprotein (a), reflects serum lipoprotein (a) levels. High concentrations are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Inasmuch as atherogenesis may begin in childhood, the early expression of the apo(a) gene and relationships between serum levels in infants and their parents were explored. ...
Pridham K F - - 1992
This study explored components of a model of transition to being the mother of a new infant during an infant's first 3 months. Personal and situational conditions and maternal problem-solving factors (issue formulating and the use of help with issues) that may influence transition markers (maternal appraisal of problem-solving competence ...
Wolfson A - - 1992
First-time parent couples from childbirth classes were randomly assigned to a four-session training group (n = 29) or a control group (n = 31). Members of the training group were taught behavioral strategies to promote healthy, self-sufficient sleep patterns in their infants, whereas the control group received the same amount ...
Engelke M K - - 1992
The quality of the home environment is an important predictor of the cognitive and social development of high-risk infants. Community health nurses (CHNs) have played a central role in the assessment and care of families with high-risk infants. We examined predictors of the home environment in a sample of 106 ...
Palkovitz R - - 1992
Thirty-five couples expecting their first child served as subjects in a study of changes in beliefs concerning father-infant bonding experienced by individuals and couples across the transition to parenthood. Through a series of open-ended interviews and structured questionnaire measures, it was determined that the typical first-time father and mother undergo ...
Van Elsacker L - - 1992
Infant-carrying behaviour was observed in two families of captive golden-headed lion tamarins. Although the young were raised in almost identical social situations, we found a reversed involvement of mother-father pairs in the amount of time they carried their offspring. In one case, the parental division of carrying behaviour was consistent ...
Ladden M - - 1992
The transition to parenthood is a crucial time in the development of the parent-infant relationship. When this transition is interrupted, as in the high-risk pregnancy and delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, the infant and family may be at risk for parenting problems. Nurses play an important role in facilitating the ...
Gorski P A - - 1991
Recent investigations, such as those discussed, focus attention on the need for additional studies that explore the emerging neuroregulatory mechanisms in premature infants. Data from these investigations may augment current high standards of neonatal medical care that now focus on treating the heart, lungs, and digestive systems. The various studies ...
Morley C J - - 1991
Symptoms and signs were recorded for 1007 infants younger than 6 months of age seen at home (298) or hospital (709) and correlated with four grades of illness severity. Most symptoms, present in the preceding 3 days, were associated with all grades of illness. Only four symptoms were not reported ...
Shahar E - - 1991
The present report describes a benign disorder of neonates or young infants presenting with generalized hypertonicity accompanied by brisk muscle stretch reflexes, intermittent clonus, and exaggerated startle response. This condition is termed hyperexplexia, and may be either familial or sporadic. Two affected families are reported: Two sisters and their mother ...
Gardner S L - - 1991
Feeding difficulties and growth failure are common problems of the premature infant who has been in a neonatal intensive care unit. This article, the sixth in a series, discusses the prevention, intervention, and parent teaching necessary to assist parents in coping and dealing with feeding problems in their premature infant.
Saudino K J - - 1991
Child temperament theories generally presume genetic contributions to behavioral differences, but empirical support is based largely on parent ratings of twins. These subjective ratings may be biased by parental exaggeration of dizygotic differences or of monozygotic similarities. An objective assessment of the genetic hypothesis was undertaken with motor activity level, ...
Teti D M - - 1991
This study tests the idea that mothers' self-efficacy beliefs mediate the effects on parenting behavior of variables such as depression, perceptions of infant temperamental difficulty, and social-marital supports. Subjects were 48 clinically depressed and 38 nondepressed mothers observed in interaction with their 3-13-month-old infants (M = 7.35 months). As predicted, ...
McCormick M C - - 1991
To assess the economic impact of the posthospitalization care of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, the costs incurred in the first year of life by 32 VLBW infants were compared with those incurred by 34 term, comparison infants. Diaries and quarterly interviews revealed that VLBW infants averaged $10,139 in ...
Black M - - 1991
To better understand the complex associations between undernutrition and poverty in determining behavioral outcome for infants with failure-to-thrive (FTT), we have reviewed findings from research in undernutrition among animal models and among children in developing countries, where rates of infant undernutrition are extremely high. The associations among undernutrition, poverty, and ...
- - 1991
Infant walkers are used by many parents because of the convenience they provide in keeping children occupied. Unfortunately, parents may develop a false sense of security that leads to diminished vigilance over the safety of their infant. Although most injuries that result from walkers are minor, serious trauma from head ...
Edwards M - - 1991
Hong Kong Chinese infants were refracted by retinoscopy at regular intervals between the age of approximately 10 and 40 weeks. Cyclopentolate 1% was used to obtain cycloplegia. The spherical equivalent of the refractive error was calculated for each child and analysis of variance carried out according to the refractive status ...
Harrison L L - - 1991
Thirty-six parents were videotaped during visits with their preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit in order to describe some characteristics of parental touch. Parents most often touched infants' hands, backs, and heads, using stroke, hold, or contact actions of moderate intensity. Mothers and grandmothers provided more touch than ...
Lee S K - - 1991
This study tested common assumptions that very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (less than 1500 g) adversely affected families and that if affected parents could choose again, they would prefer not to save potentially handicapped VLBW infants. A survey of parents, which used a validated impact-on-family questionnaire, was sent to ...
Lee S K - - 1991
Although pediatricians and neonatal nurses influence parents' treatment decisions, little is known about their attitudes toward active treatment of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (less than 1500 g) and how they compare with parental attitudes. A survey of all 50 pediatricians in Newfoundland (72% response), all 53 neonatal intensive ...
Miles M S - - 1991
Many aspects of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are stressful to parents, including prolonged hospitalization, alterations in parenting, exposure to a technical environment, and the appearance of their small, fragile infant. To identify potential NICU stressors for parents, levels of stress these experiences engender, and their relationship to anxiety, parents ...
Shubber E K - - 1991
Sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) frequencies were studied in blood lymphocytes from 12 patients (3 females and 9 males) with Down's syndrome (DS). The mean frequency of SCE per metaphase for the patients (both sexes) was 9.2 +/- 0.8 which was significantly higher (P less than 0.01) than the mean SCE value ...
Adair R - - 1991
Night waking occurs commonly in infants and young children. The goal of this study is to determine whether parents who report being present when their infant falls asleep at bedtime are more likely to report increased frequency of night waking by the infant. Mothers were consecutively recruited when they brought ...
Tedder J L - - 1991
This article describes use of the Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale (BNAS) as an effective parent-teaching tool and demonstrates how this tool can be successfully integrated into a primary care setting. Research indicates that the BNAS can be used to enhance parent-infant bonding, to promote parents' confidence, and to intervene in ...
Fivaz-Depeursinge E - - 1991
This article presents a new theory that separates the levels of communication and relates them circularly, namely, by separating time from space/meaning variables. Documenting this proposition requires sequential microdescriptions--a far-out project in the field of family therapy. In an extensive study of clinical and nonclinical families, starting with available microanalytic ...
Noppe I C - - 1991
Three predictor variables--vulnerability to stress, expectations for parenting stress, and low power attributions--were assessed for 21 couples during pregnancy. In-home observations of parent-infant interactions occurred 4 months postnatally. Stepwise multiple regression analyses, calculated separately for mothers and fathers, revealed that prenatal stress factors were more successful in predicting father-infant interactions. ...
Fox N A - - 1991
An important tenet of attachment theory is that classification of security or insecurity as derived from the Strange Situation reflects the quality of an infant's relationship with its caregiver. One piece of evidence supporting this claim is the lack of concordance of classification between an infant and its mother and ...
Ritter J M - - 1991
The relations among age appearance, facial attractiveness, and adult expectations of the developmental maturity of infants were examined in 3 studies. In Study 1, a relation was demonstrated between ratings of the attractiveness (77 judges) and age appearance (53 judges) of 6-month-olds: less attractive infants were judged to be older ...
Callahan E J - - 1991
Decreased local obstetric care appears to be increasing the rate of premature births to rural populations. With increased numbers of premature and complicated births in rural populations, understanding the impact of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) environment on the development of parent-child relationships becomes critical. NICU infants appear to ...
New S J - - 1991
This paper presents qualitative data to emerge from a largely quantitative case-control study of the uptake of infant immunisation in two District Health Authorities in the North West of England. It was hypothesised that problems arising from transport and time-space constraints would distinguish the parents of those children who had ...
Dyregrov A - - 1991
The course of parental bereavement during the first year following an infant's death was investigated. Also, the differences in mothers' and fathers' reactions, the differences according to the mothers' occupational role, and the similarities in couples' reactions were studied. From a total sample of 59 families, 13 families answered their ...
Brazelton T B - - 1990
This article presents an account of the development and use of the Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) over the past 15 years. It deals with both the formal and informal ways in which administering the NBAS has increased our understanding of the forces for development in the newborn, of states ...
Jalal S M - - 1990
A heteromorphism of the short arm of 16 (16p+) was discovered in 2 unrelated infants. By G banding, the euchromatic variant appears as a light and a medium dark band just distal to the centromere. This results in an increase of the short arm by about 1/3. The same variant ...
Jecker N S - - 1990
This paper investigates the scope and limits of parents' and physicians' obligations to anencephalic newborns. Special attention is paid to the permissibility of harvesting anencephalic organs for transplant. My starting point is to identify the general justification for treating patients in order to benefit third parties. This analysis reveals that ...
Novak J C - - 1990
Many of the roles required of the father of a NICU infant are new and unfamiliar, difficult to carry out, unrehearsed, and yet called for in an unexpected crisis. At a time when they too need nurturing, fathers of high-risk infants are expected to adapt readily and be models of ...
Jones S M - - 1990
A short-limb skeletal dysplasia was diagnosed prenatally at 35 weeks of gestation. After birth the infant was found to have hypochondroplasia. The parents are of average stature, and the child's disorder presumably occurred as a fresh mutation. This appears to be the first reported case of hypochondroplasia diagnosed prenatally as ...
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >