Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1093
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >
Sterling Y M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To identify resources of parents or primary caretakers who managed chronically ill infants at home and to determine psychometric properties of Home Care Resources Inventory (HCRI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive SETTING: Outpatient clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Parents or primary caretakers (N = 100) of chronically ill infants who were discharged from hospital ...
Higley A M - - 1996
Successful parenting has a major impact on the emotional well-being and cognitive development of young children. Infants gain their sense of self at an early age through their interactions with their caregivers. Nurses can play a unique role in helping parents and caregivers learn about their infant's abilities and behavior ...
Alemi F - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the effectiveness of computer-generated telephone reminders in improving infants receiving on-time immunizations. A computer called parents at home, reminded them of their child's visit, and asked if they could keep the appointment. If parents either canceled or failed to honor the appointment, the computer called back ...
Langård S - - 1996
An intoxication after using methyl bromide (CH3Br) in fumigation is reported. The accident resulted in the death of a newborn infant within 12-13 h after exposure, as well as clinical intoxication of the infant's parents. The concentration of bromide ion in the infant's blood was 170 mg l-1 and in ...
Paris J J - - 1996
Manslaughter charges were brought in Lansing, Michigan against Gregory Messenger, a local dermatologist, for removing his extremely premature infant son from a ventilator in a neonatal intensive care unit. The issue in the case was the degree of intervention required for the newborn for whom the parents had been counseled ...
Taylor J A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To identify parental characteristics associated with infants being placed to sleep in the prone position. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PATIENTS: Randomly selected King County, Washington, infants born on the same days as King County infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome between November 1992 and October 1994. METHODS: ...
Costello A - - 1996
To assist the parents of preterm infants at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada, we have developed a unique and creative method of individualizing parent information: The parent information binder (PIB). This method has supported a shift from nurse-directed education to parents as partners in their own education. Parents and health ...
Svavarsdottir E K - - 1996
This purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between caregiving demands, family system demands, and parental coping behavior in 71 families who had an infant 1 year of age or younger diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. Data for this descriptive correlational study were collected in the parents' ...
Anderson A M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To explore fathers' experiences of developing a relationship with their infants during the infant's first 2 months of life DESIGN: Grounded theory approach SETTING: Fathers' homes or other mutually agreed-upon site PARTICIPANTS: First-time fathers (N = 14), ages 28-44, Caucasian, middle class MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tape-recorded semistructured interviews to ...
Klonoff-Cohen H - - 1996
Strategies involving 14 sources were used to locate 230 parents of sudden infant death syndrome infants who died in Southern California between 1989 and 1992 and 255 parents of healthy, living infants matched by birth hospital, birth date, race and sex. The sample consisted of adults of reproductive age residing ...
Gennaro S - - 1996
Families of VLBW and LBW preterm infants are usually happy to have a new baby in the family, although they are anxious, depressed, and concerned about their infant's future health and well-being. During the first year of the infant's life, families of LBW and VLBW infants face many new challenges. ...
Miller S A - - 1996
A questionnaire survey was conducted amongst parents in the military community in British Forces Germany to investigate the prevalence of known and suspected risk factors for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Over a thousand questionnaires were returned (response rate 58%) and these showed that the prevalence of babies being placed in ...
Duniz M - - 1996
This clinical case-study of 50 infants suffering from NOFT (non-organic failure to thrive) and their parents supports the idea that the feeding problem is intimately related to parental disorders. We find a high rate (70%) of parental psychopathology (axis I diagnosis applying DSM-III-R) at the time of referral and a ...
Watson J E - - 1996
Investigated the relationship between poverty and parenting in a sample of low birth weight (< or = 2,500 grams) premature (LBWPT) infants (gestation < or = 37 weeks) who were control subjects in the Infant Health and Development Program. When classified using federal poverty levels, poor families scored lower on ...
Kim M M - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To examine the degree of agreement between parental reporting of the development of high-risk infants and professional assessment by a multidisciplinary team. METHODS: The developmental status of 196 infants discharged from neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) was assessed by their parents using the Infant Monitoring Questionnaire (IMQ) at 4, ...
Steele H - - 1996
Associations are reported among classifications of Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) obtained from expectant parents and subsequent classifications of their infants in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). Mothers' AAIs predicted infant-mother SSPs (chi 2 = 41.87, N = 96, df = 9, p < or = .0001), and fathers' AAIs predicted ...
Main M - - 1996
J. Bowlby (1969) proposed that the child's insistence on maintainance of proximity to protective (parental) figures was attributable to the activities of an attachment behavioral system which regulates primate safety and survival. M. D. S. Ainsworth, M. C. Blehar, E. Waters, and S. Wall's (1978) Strange Situation procedure later delineated ...
Yoon P W - - 1996
The identification of DNA polymorphisms makes it possible to classify trisomy 21 according to the parental origin and stage (meiosis I [MI], meiosis II [MII], or postzygotic mitotic) of the chromosomal error. Studying the effect of parental age on these subgroups could shed light on parental exposures and their timing. ...
Gibbins S A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe parents' perceptions of their infants' transfers within a regional system of perinatal care. DESIGN: Qualitative; grounded theory methodology. SETTING: Interviews were conducted in an office adjacent to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), in an intermediate care unit (IMCU), and in the homes of parents. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen ...
Dodd V - - 1996
A six-pound infant may be 33 weeks, 43 weeks, or term, each with a different set of medical and developmental needs, requiring different nursing care. Gestational age determination is important for anticipating each infant's medical risks, preventing complications, distinguishing the infant's developmental capabilities in feeding, sleep, and interactive behaviors with ...
Glinsmann W H - - 1996
The 1995 edition of Dietary Guidelines for Americans has recently been released. In anticipation of the heightened attention that these revised will undoubtedly receive, there is renewed discussion about the need for Dietary Guidelines for Infants. These guidelines would reinforce to parents and nutrition professionals that many diet strategies designed ...
Lobar S L - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the feelings and perceptions of parents undergoing the process of private infant adoption in Western society. Ten individuals were interviewed and, through ethnographic analysis, categories and themes were derived. Participants moved sequentially through seven phases, from the choice to adopt ...
Bunchman T E - - 1996
The proper treatment of an infant with end-stage renal disease depends upon a number of factors including parental willingness to take on the task, experience of the health-care team, local and regional resources, and society's willingness to accept this support as a standard of care. Whereas the ability to keep ...
Smith R - - 1996
Two female infants, aged 11 and 14 months, were exposed to a procedure in which an experimenter-emitted vocal response was paired with an established form of reinforcement (positive condition). One of the subjects was also exposed to a procedure in which an experimenter-emitted vocal response was paired with a neutral ...
Campbell A G - - 1995
Dilemmas about resuscitation and life-prolonging treatment for severely compromised infants have become increasingly complex as skills in neonatal care have developed. Quality of life and resource issues necessarily influence management. Our Institute of Medical Ethics working party, on whose behalf this paper is written, recognises that the ultimate responsibility for ...
van Strien R T - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Allergen exposure in early childhood is thought to be important for sensitization and subsequent development of asthma. Not much is known, however, about exposure of young children to allergens in the home. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to document dust mite allergen exposure in young children, and to determine ...
Sanders M R - - 1995
Although recent technologic advances have dramatically improved the survival of preterm infants, little information exists regarding the attitudes of neonatologists toward their smallest patients, infants born at the "limit of viability." In this pilot study we sent a single mailing of a 25-question survey designed to provide information about the ...
Hoffman K A - - 1995
The response to parental separation in infant titi monkeys was evaluated. Separation from the mother for 1 hr did not elicit an adrenocortical response from the infant unless the father was also removed. Separation from the father elicited a significant elevation in adrenocortical activity even when the mother remained with ...
Roman L A - - 1995
A preliminary quasi-experimental, longitudinal study was conducted to explore differences in maternal mood states, self-esteem, family functioning, maternal-infant interaction, and home environment between mothers of preterm infants who participated in a nurse-managed program of parent-to-parent support and those who served as a comparison group. Mothers who participated in the intervention ...
Vasquez E - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To describe parents' method of adaptation to the problems of caring for a very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infant at home. DESIGN: Exploratory, involving three interview sessions, 1 month, 3 months, and 5 months after hospital discharge of a VLBW infant. SETTING: A newborn intensive-care unit in a tertiary-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen ...
Rautava P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in family functioning or child-rearing attitudes within families with previously colicky infants and to assess whether the children differed in their behavior, development, or frequency of allergies. STUDY DESIGN: A controlled, prospective study with infants (3 months to 3 years of age) and their families. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Baliga V - - 1995
Two unrelated female infants with homozygous protein C (Pr C) deficiency are reported. Both are of U.K. Pakistani origin and in each case the parents are consanguinous. A previous sibling had died in each family. Both sets of parents were shown to be carriers. The concentration of Pr C in ...
Medoff-Cooper B - - 1995
Individual differences in behavioral style are seen readily in the first hours of life of the normal newborn. The intent of this overview is to delineate some specific issues of infant temperament that nurses will find beneficial in their endeavor to facilitate positive parent-infant relationships. Topics include a brief overview ...
van IJzendoorn M H - - 1995
About a decade ago, the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; C. George, N. Kaplan, & M. Main, 1985) was developed to explore parents' mental representations of attachment as manifested in language during discourse of childhood experiences. The AAI was intended to predict the quality of the infant-parent attachment relationship, as observed ...
Davies P S - - 1995
It has been suggested that infants born to overweight parents are at risk of becoming overweight because of reduced total energy expenditure (TEE). We therefore examined the relationship between infant TEE and parental nutritional status as assessed by body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of healthy infants. TEE ...
Schnitzer P G - - 1995
Agreement between the mother's and father's report of the father's occupation was assessed in a case-control study of paternal occupation and birth defects. Cases were identified from births registered with the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program between 1968 and 1980; controls were selected from liveborn infants without defects. Both parents ...
Kelly L E - - 1995
This exploratory study investigated the level of preventive health care services that adolescent mothers (ages 14 to 17) sought for their infants during the first 2 years of the infants' lives. Findings showed that mothers who maintained a relationship with their child's father or exhibited a high Powerful Others Locus ...
Field T - - 1995
Data are reviewed on the effects of massage therapy on infants and children with various medical conditions. The infants include: premature infants, cocaine-exposed infants, HIV-exposed infants, infants parented by depressed mothers, and full-term infants without medical problems. The childhood conditions include: abuse (sexual and physical), asthma, autism, burns, cancer, developmental ...
Nichols M R - - 1995
This longitudinal descriptive study compared the adjustment to new parenthood in two groups of first-time mothers and fathers. Participants included 106 married couples, 58 (55%) who attended prenatal childbirth education classes and 48 (45%) who did not. The study variables included prenatal, intrapartal, and new parent experiences. All mothers and ...
Sontheimer D - - 1995
The reliability of respiratory monitoring, using either chest or back electrodes, was studied in 13 preterm infants during kangaroo care (infant-parent skin to skin contact). In three out of four infants with chest electrodes both infant and parental respiration were clearly visible on pneumograms. In these infants apnoeic pauses were ...
Walker C - - 1995
A survey of the weaning practice of first-time mothers shows that the health visitor is the most used and useful source of advice, but infant behaviour remains the main influence on parents' practice. Caroline Walker suggests that official guidelines may be too rigid to reflect the diversity of individual infant's ...
LeJarraga H - - 1995
Differences between reported and properly measured parental height were evaluated in 82 mothers and 62 fathers attending either of two growth clinics in Buenos Aires city. Measured height was adjusted to its physiological decline with age. A significant trend towards overestimation of mother's and father's self stature and of mothers' ...
Ferketich S L - - 1995
Seventy-nine experienced fathers (with one or more previous children) and 93 inexperienced (first-time) fathers were studied for differences in paternal-infant attachment at postpartal hospitalization and at 1, 4, and 8 months following birth. No significant differences were observed between the groups for reported attachment to their infants; scores varied little. ...
Sanchez-Cardenas M - - 1995
In a certain number of cases, parents of infant and adolescent anorexics may exhibit complications of bereavement. Both infant and adolescent forms of anorexic symptoms constitute indeed two distinct pathologies. Sometimes, however, these two forms of anorexic symptoms share points in common, namely a psychopathological aspect. Making references to two ...
Vuopala K - - 1995
Fifteen infants (11 families) with lethal arthrogryposis and anterior horn motor neuron loss are described. The clinical presentation was the fetal akinesia deformation sequence (FADS) with multiple contractures and facial anomalies. At autopsy neurogenic muscular atrophy was present in all infants. The spinal cord showed a paucity of anterior horn ...
Yogman M W - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the independent effect of father involvement on intellectual and behavioral outcome of 985 low birth weight preterm infants followed longitudinally from birth to age 3 years as part of the Infant Health and Development Program. METHOD: The sample for this study is drawn from eight urban sites, ...
Abegglen J A - - 1995
The interaction between parents and infants is contingent upon the parents' understanding of their infant's behavior and what the infant is trying to communicate through specific behaviors. The Synactive Model of Newborn Behavioral Organization and Development provides a theoretical base to identify and classify infant behaviors. Parents need to have ...
Hall E O - - 1995
The role of the father has undergone considerable change in the West. Fathers of today are expected to take a more active part in birth preparation, birth and childcare than their predecessors were. The purpose of the present study is to describe some Danish fathers' experiences around birth. Three first-time ...
Vedeler D - - 1994
It is argued that a definition of intentionality in terms of object directedness is more adequate than the traditional definition in terms of goal directedness. Inconsistencies in the use of "intentionality" among infant researchers are pointed out. A method of observation is explored, based on the definition in terms of ...
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >