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Results 651 - 700 of 1094
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Martinez A M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine physician opinions, parental counseling, and medical practices for extremely low birth weight (LBW) infants. METHODS: A retrospective survey was sent in August 1996 to 450 California physicians practicing obstetrics. RESULTS: There was a 41% response rate. The mean thresholds for antenatal steroid administration, cesarean delivery for fetal ...
Tuohy P G - - 1998
AIM: This study was designed to monitor changes in the prevalence of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the New Zealand population. The behaviour of interest is parent/infant co-sleeping. This paper reports parent/infant co-sleeping arrangements of different ethnic groups in New Zealand. METHODS: A stratified random sample ...
Veng-Pedersen P - - 1998
PURPOSE: Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies assume that the tracer's PK is equivalent to the parent compound. This assumption is often violated. The aim of this work is to present a method enabling the ideal tracer PK, i.e. the PK of the parent compound, to be predicted from the non-ideal tracer. METHODS: ...
Doron M W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Neonatologists are criticized for overtreating extremely premature infants who die despite invasive and costly care. Withholding resuscitation at delivery has been recommended as a way to minimize overtreatment. It is not known how decisions to forgo initiating aggressive care are made, or whether this strategy effectively decreases overtreatment. OBJECTIVE: ...
Kemp J - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of infants have the diagnosis of a surgical malformation made before birth. This allows (1) fetal intervention, (2) in utero transfer and planned delivery in a surgical center, and (3) antenatal counseling of likely prognosis and outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness ...
Dracup K - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To compare three different methods of teaching CPR to parents of infants at high risk for sudden cardiopulmonary arrest and to identify characteristics that predict difficulty in learning CPR. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicenter clinical trial of 480 parents and other infant caretakers. Subjects were randomly assigned ...
Vandenplas Y - - 1998
Infantile regurgitation is a frequently occurring problem. Throughout the world, anxious parents are imploring physicians to eliminate their infant's regurgitation. General practitioners, pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists strive to alleviate infantile regurgitation and its related parental stress. In this paper we define the scope of the problem and analyze the optimal, ...
Sumi S - - 1998
To evaluate the prevalence of dihydropyrimidinuria (DHPuria), we analyzed urine samples from 21,200 healthy Japanese infants, and found two cases of DHPuria without clinical symptoms. Based on this result, we estimated the prevalence to be approximately 1/10,000 births in Japan. In addition, we analyzed pyrimidine catabolism on a previously reported ...
Hughes C A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that the Infant/Child Monitoring Questionnaire (ICMQ) could be used to identify at-risk infants eligible for developmental interventional services. STUDY DESIGN: Of this cross-sectional observational study, group A (n = 108) included a retrospective review of moderate risk infants scheduled for developmental assessment clinic (DAC) visits. Group B ...
Menahem S - - 1998
Congenital heart disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the newborn. Its diagnosis may lead to a crisis in the affected families; there are the perceived implications of having an abnormality of so vital an organ. To that may be added the assumed guilt or blame, grief ...
Biarent D - - 1998
The role of the pediatrician begins when the antenatal diagnosis of a congenital anomaly has been confirmed in a high-risk perinatal center. The pediatrician contributes in establishing the prognosis and to discuss the best therapeutic possibilities based upon his own experience and the literature. The pediatrician plays an important role ...
Hayden M J - - 1998
Infant pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have proven increasingly popular and useful for clinical and research purposes. Informed consent requires accurate information on side effects. Our aim was to quantify minor side effects from a parental point of view by means of a questionnaire. The parents of 97 infants attending for ...
Holditch-Davis D - - 1998
Approximately 50% of infertile couples will become parents through pregnancy or adoption, but they experience major difficulties while working towards this goal. Infertility treatments are associated with physical pain and psychological distress, and adoption procedures are prolonged and emotionally stressful. The extent to which these stressors alter the parenting of ...
Simons C J - - 1998
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were (a) to compare maternal and paternal perceptions of infant medical diagnoses with hospital-chart diagnoses, (b) to examine whether parental perceptions of infant medical condition (using three variables) were related to eight other parental perceptions, and (c) to determine what medical diagnoses were associated ...
Barton S J - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of foster parents of cocaine-exposed infants. A qualitative approach was selected because of the paucity of knowledge on the topic. Results showed foster parents observed alterations in physiological and behavioral health, developmental problems, and variability among infants related to these ...
Nelson D B - - 1998
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine differences in family health across six dimensions of functioning between families with a very low birth weight infant (VLBW) and families with a full-term infant. An epidemiologic model and Barnhill's (1979) system theory of healthy family dynamics provided the organizing framework ...
McIlduff A - - 1998
The available literature regarding parental touch and its use on premature infants indicates differing views on whether touch should be encouraged or condemned. Findings of this literature review indicate that touch can have a detrimental physical effect on the infant, however positive long-term benefits for parent and child. The absence ...
Törnqvist S - - 1998
Although reports on reproductive disturbances among occupational groups of electrical workers have been discussed, few studies have focused explicitly on the children of workers employed in the power industry. Birth outcome and cancer in the offspring of fathers who were exposed to electric and magnetic fields at time of sperm ...
Keren M - - 1998
Specific treatment modalities, such as dyadic psychotherapies, have emerged, based on the notion that in cases of very early relational disorders, the patient is the parent-infant relationship. The aim of this paper is to present a case study of such a relational disorder which took place as the result of ...
Belsky J - - 1998
To examine the effects of infant negative emotionality and of mothering and fathering during the toddler years on 3-year-old boys' externalizing problems and inhibition, as well as explore the proposition that children vary in their susceptibility to rearing influence, 125 first-born, Caucasian boys from maritally intact families were studied. Results ...
Matsuishi T - - 1998
To assess the efficacy of early intervention (EI) for very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, we evaluated 62 2 year old children who were enrolled in an EI program and 48 control subjects aged 2 years. We determined the subjects' developmental quotients (DQ) and obtained information about the parents' evaluation of the children ...
Fowlie P W - - 1998
In a retrospective review of medical notes we determined: (1) how often doctors record discussions with the parents of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the neonatal period; (2) what details of any discussion they actually record and; (3) if they are more likely to record discussion with the ...
Trehub S E - - 1997
Naive listeners rated the style of singing in mothers' and fathers' sung performances for infants and their simulations of those performances (Experiment 1). Performances in an infant's presence were judged as more expressive--either more playful or more soothing--than were simulations. Parents' style of singing, as reflected in these ratings, differed ...
Jaber L - - 1997
Intrafamilial marriage is favoured by the Arab community in Israel, almost all of whom live in villages populated by a few (< 20) founding families. A previous study in Taibe, a large Arab village located 30 km from Tel Aviv, showed a significantly high malformation rate among infants of consanguineous ...
Tallis G M - - 1997
A random sample of death records of adult males from the period 1967 to 1970 was chosen from the South Australian Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages. The natural parents of these individuals were identified by cross-referencing to birth certificates, and an extensive search was made of the death records ...
Dickson K L - - 1997
This study examined the relationship between smile type and play type during parent-infant interactions in the home. Thirty-six mother-infant and father-infant dyads were videotaped playing for 10 min. Smile type (basic, Duchenne, and duplay smiles) and play type (object, physical, vocal, and book reading) were coded. Results of loglinear analysis ...
Rennie A C - - 1997
Geleophysic dysplasia is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder which causes disproportionate short stature associated with severe physical handicaps, but is compatible with survival into adulthood. We present a case, a first-born child, where genetic counselling difficulties arose following ultrasound recognition of short-limbed dwarfism in association with polyhydramnios and an initial ...
Day S W - - 1997
Every year more than 50,000 infants with sickle cell trait are identified through newborn screening programs. An infant with trait provides a "genetic window" into a family that may be at risk for having a child with sickle cell disease. No national standards have been established for newborn trait follow-up ...
Bjornson G L - - 1997
To assess whether a video about infant immunization could inform parents as well as human counselling (oral presentation). Core information for parents about infant immunization was identified and packaged in an instructional video and a scripted oral presentation. Volunteer prenatal classes were randomly assigned a video or oral presentation. Participants ...
McRoberts G W - - 1997
Reports that infants imitate the vocal pitch characteristics of adult caregivers (e.g. Lewis, 1936/1951) include Lieberman's (1967; Lieberman, Ryalls & Rabson, 1982) claim that infants differentially adjust their vocal pitch or fundamental frequency (f0) towards that of their caregivers, resulting in higher mean pitch when interacting with mothers than when ...
Scott B S - - 1997
The distress level of parents who had infants with Down syndrome (study parents) was compared to that of control parents of infants without disability (infants were all less than 2 years of age). Data were collected in two independent surveys. We matched subjects case-by-case on socioeconomic status. Analysis of pooled ...
Philipp R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Nappy rash accounts for 20% of dermatology consultations in childhood, but its causes are poorly understood. AIM: To determine the incidence of nappy rash during the first four weeks of life in a geographically defined United Kingdom (UK) population, and to study the factors associated with developing the rash. ...
De Wolff M S - - 1997
This meta-analysis included 66 studies (N = 4,176) on parental antecedents of attachment security. The question addressed was whether maternal sensitivity is associated with infant attachment security, and what the strength of this relation is. It was hypothesized that studies more similar to Ainsworth's Baltimore study (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & ...
van IJzendoorn M H - - 1997
In our meta-analysis on sensitivity and attachment, studies on the role of the father in the development of infant attachment were excluded. In this rejoinder to our discussants, we present new meta-analytic evidence on the association between paternal sensitivity and infant-father attachment (combined effect size r[544] = .13; k = ...
Pinkerton J V - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to clarify the roles of parents and caregivers in making decisions for resuscitation of near-viable infants. STUDY DESIGN: We present two cases and review ethical and legal issues involved in making decisions for near-viable infants. RESULTS: Medical responsibility for the infant shifts at birth from obstetrics ...
Ponsonby A L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between infant and parental characteristics and parental report of infant cyanosis and also hospital admission for apnoea/cyanosis. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. It involved the one-fifth of Tasmanian live births who were assessed, using a perinatal score, as being at higher risk of ...
Walton R E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of neonatal circumcision immediately following delisting of the procedure in Ontario and to examine parents' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours regarding circumcision. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Perinatal tertiary care centre in southwestern Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 151 mothers approached, three were excluded because they did not ...
Lobar S L - - 1997
PURPOSE: To highlight the legal issues surrounding nonrelated infant adoptions. POPULATION: Parties in the adoption triad--the infant, the biological parent(s), and the adoptive parent(s). CONCLUSIONS: Current adoption laws have been influenced by a historical stigmatization of adoption by society, states' sovereignty rights, and individual's constitutional rights. Controversies surrounding nonrelated infant ...
Wereszczak J - - 1997
This study examined how mothers of prematurely born three-year-old children retrospectively recall their responses to their infant's hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Forty-four mothers of three-year-old prematurely born children were interviewed as part of a longitudinal study. Data from maternal interviews were analyzed using the analytic inductive ...
Miles M S - - 1997
Recognizing the importance of parents in the lives of preterm infants, investigators and clinicians have increasingly focused on the needs of parents during the period when their infant is hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit and the impact of this experience on their subsequent parenting. The purpose of this ...
Nelson S P - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of symptoms associated with overt gastroesophageal reflux (GER) during the first year of life, to describe when most infants outgrow these symptoms, and to assess the prevalence of parental reports of various symptoms associated with GER and the percentages of infants who have been treated ...
Mertens A C - - 1997
This study was performed to evaluate participation rates and characteristics of participants in a case-control study of infant leukaemia. Eligible cases were identified throughout the United States, and two controls were selected for each case using a structured protocol for telephone random digit dialling. The non-participation rate, once a household ...
Niska K J - - 1997
The purpose of the study was to identify the parental concerns of Mexican American first-time mothers and fathers using an ethnographic approach. The study was conducted for 10 months in Hidalgo County, Texas. Twenty-six families were followed longitudinally during their first 6 months of parenting with an average of eight ...
Ruggieri M - - 1997
We describe here four sibs, born to consanguineous, healthy, asymptomatic parents. Three of these infants had a rapidly fatal course in the neonatal period; death was attributed to congestive heart failure with radiographic evidence of cardiomegaly in all of them. Necropsy was done in only one of them and showed ...
Callahan C W - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To determine how frequently seating devices are available in homes with small infants and how often they are used for infants who are too young to sit erect and unsupported. DESIGN: Observational study using a questionnaire administered to a cohort of parents of well infants younger than 5 months. ...
Edwards N C - - 1997
This three-group randomized controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of a postpartum public health nurse telephone visit on infant-care behaviours of primiparous women in Ottawa-Carleton. The impact of a clerk call on recruiting mothers to parent-baby groups was also described. Low risk primiparas were randomized into telephone visit, clerk call and ...
Zeanah C H - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review critically the research on infant developmental risk published in the past 10 years. METHOD: A brief framework on development in the first 3 years is provided. This is followed by a review of pertinent studies of developmental risk, chosen to illustrate major risk conditions and the protective ...
Holditch-Davis D - - 1997
The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the findings of the nursing research on parenting the prematurely born child. This research focused on eight general areas: impact of the home environment on infant development status, the relationship between premature infants and their mothers during the first 2 years, parenting ...
Paris J J - - 1997
Manslaughter charges were brought against Dr. Gregory Messenger, a Michigan (USA) dermatologist, for removing his extremely premature infant son from a ventilator in the neonatal intensive care unit. Prior to delivery the neonatologist had told the parents that at the infant's age there was a 50-70% mortality and that if ...
Wikander B - - 1997
As part of a research project exploring ways through which we can understand the crying infant and its family, this study focuses on the experiences of fathers during labour and delivery of their infant. In a previous part of the project it was shown that fathers' negative experiences during the ...
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