Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1095
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Palermo T M - - 2000
We conducted a randomized controlled trial of parental presence during anaesthesia induction for outpatient surgery in 73 infants (aged 1-12 months). Effects of parental presence on infant and parental outcomes, including anxiety, health care attitudes and satisfaction with the anaesthesia and surgery experience were evaluated. Results demonstrated that parental presence ...
Collins M E - - 2000
To assess early effects of welfare reform, administrative data was used to compare prereform and postreform cohorts of teenage parents regarding the impact of reform on welfare enrollments, case closures, child maltreatment, and subsequent births. The relation of mandated living arrangements to outcomes was also examined. Cohort differences were observed ...
Main M - - 2000
From an evolutionary perspective, a central mechanism promoting infant survival is the maintenance of proximity to attachment figures. Consequently attachment figure(s) represent the infant's primary solution to experiences of fear. Aspects of the development of the field of attachment are outlined within this context, beginning with Bowlby's ethological/evolutionary theory, and ...
Heiser A - - 2000
The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to evaluate the accuracy of a parent-completed questionnaire compared with professionally detected developmental delay. Parents of 108 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants and parents of 279 term control infants completed the German version of the Revised Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire (R-PDQ) at the corrected age ...
Nakamura W M - - 2000
The purpose of this pilot study was to gather preliminary data on father-infant dyads using the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Teaching scale, a parent-infant interaction measure, to determine whether and how fathers score differently than mothers from normative samples. Interactions between first-time father (N = 15) and their ...
Renfrew M J - - 2000
The difference between night and day may be reinforced in young babies by offering a 'focal feed' between 10pm and midnight and gradually lengthening the intervals between night-time feeds by a variety of other activities (such as nappy changing, re-swaddling and walking with the infant). The objective of this review ...
Blair P S - - 1999
To investigate the risks of the sudden infant death syndrome and factors that may contribute to unsafe sleeping environments. Three year, population based case-control study. Parental interviews were conducted for each sudden infant death and for four controls matched for age, locality, and time of sleep. Five regions in England ...
Hasegawa T - - 1999
We report on a triploid infant who survived for 46 days. She had severe intrauterine growth retardation, relative macrocephaly, and a small, noncystic placenta, which are manifestations compatible with type II phenotype. Cultured amniotic fluid cells, skin fibroblasts, cord blood, and peripheral blood lymphocytes all showed a nonmosaic 69,XXX karyotype. ...
Meins E - - 1999
Empirical studies and meta-analytical reviews have shown security of attachment to be predicted by: (1) caregivers' current representations of their own childhood attachment experiences; and (2) caregivers' sensitive responsivity to their infants' cues during the first year of life. However, despite the wealth of data on these topics, the reasons ...
Netzer D - - 1999
Parental adjustment following the death of a premature singleton or multiple birth infant has hitherto been studied by mailed questionnaires or telephone survey. In the present study, using an in-depth personal interview, grief reactions and adjustment patterns of nine families who lost a singleton premature infant ('Single Group') were compared ...
Wake M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Parents ascribe many infant symptoms to teething, despite little evidence to support such an attribution. We report current parental beliefs about teething and its management in a suburban Australian setting. METHODOLOGY: A written questionnaire was given to all English-speaking parents consecutively attending infant hearing testing sessions in one Melbourne ...
McDonnell M - - 1999
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is any death occurring in an infant or young child which is unexpected by history and in which a thorough post mortem examination fails to demonstrate an adequate cause of death. The National Sudden Infant Death Register collects information on all sudden unexpected deaths in ...
Sullivan J R - - 1999
PURPOSE: To investigate the development of feelings of attachment between fathers and their preterm infants and to identify factors that help or hinder this process. DESIGN: A longitudinal descriptive design was used to obtain fathers' perceptions of their infants, feelings for their infants, and other related factors. SAMPLE: A convenience ...
Someya T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The EMBU (Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran; (one's memories of upbringing') is a convenient and reliable instrument for the assessment of parental attitudes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which the factor structure of the EMBU, obtained in previous investigations, could be retrieved ...
Pelchat D - - 1999
The adaptation of parents to a disabled infant was studied in relation to the type of disability presented by the baby. Participants were divided according to three types of disability and one control group: patents of infants with (1) Down's syndrome (DS), (2) congenital heart disease (CHD), (3) a cleft ...
Lockridge T - - 1999
This article offers one institution's approach to implementation of the recommendations for infant sleep positioning as set forth by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The guidelines are directed toward healthy infants in the first year of life, a population not always encountered by the neonatal nurse. The guidelines focus on ...
Spencer N J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of health and behavioural problems at 8 weeks as predictors of behavioural problems at 8 months in a whole year birth cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective birth cohort study. SETTING: The socially and ethnically diverse city of Coventry. MAIN OUTCOME: Parent reported behavioural problems at 8 ...
de Nuncio M L - - 1999
California's Hispanic infants have lower immunization levels than non-Latino white infants, 53.7% versus 65.2%, respectively. Spanish-language radio is an effective mass media venue for imparting information to Latino populations. It has been demonstrated that lack of parental knowledge of infant immunization timing is associated with delayed immunization coverage. In an ...
Jackson J M - - 1999
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was two fold: to determine if within a selected population of infants the prevalence of otitis media was greater in pacifier users than in non-pacifier users, and to reveal if an association existed between otitis media and pacifier use. METHODS: The study consisted of ...
Easterbrooks M A - - 1999
A racially diverse sample of 112 low-income and homeless mothers of infants was examined for associations among housing status (homeless vs. housed), parenting practices, and infant attachment. Results demonstrated few effects of housing status on characteristics of parenting or security of attachment. Security of infant attachment was found to be ...
Holditch-Davis D - - 1999
The perceptions and interactions of mothers and fathers of seven sets of twins and one set of triplets were compared to those of parents of 49 singleton infants. Couples were typically interviewed together three times during the pregnancy and at 1 week and 3 months post-partum. Two-weekly observations of mother-father-infant ...
Reynolds L - - 1999
Two infants with severe varicella are reported. They received varicella zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) without concurrent information to parents or carers regarding further care. In both these cases there was a three day delay between the onset of symptoms and initiation of aciclovir. This delay was due to lack of awareness ...
Maclean B L - - 1999
This article describes the experiences of a group of parents in New Zealand who lost infants to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and who monitored their subsequent infants or subsibs (infants born after the death of an infant due to SIDS) at home for signs of apnea. Their caregiving experiences ...
Lu T H - - 1999
It has been well accepted that effective programs for prevention of adolescent pregnancy should involve adolescent women and their partners. Using data from certificates of live births in Taichung County, Taiwan, in 1994, the demographic characteristics of fathers whose infants were born to adolescent women were compared with a matched ...
Flynn L - - 1999
Adolescent parents and their infants are a population at risk. Infant mortality, low-birthweight, and child maltreatment are inordinately higher within this population than within slightly older cohorts. The purpose of this one group pretest-posttest intervention study was to analyze the efficacy of a program designed to improve infant outcomes through ...
Solomon J - - 1999
This study represents the first systematic investigation of the effects on infant attachment to mother and to father of the increasingly common practice of overnight visitation (time-sharing) with the father in separated and divorced families. There were 145 infants (ages 12 to 20 months) and their mothers (and 83 fathers) ...
Mar A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD), a disease with both inherited and environmental components determining its clinical expression, has been reported to be more frequent in people of Asian origin. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the 12-month cumulative incidence of AD in Caucasian, Chinese, and Vietnamese babies born in Australia. METHODS: ...
Stoltenberg C - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the recurrence risk for stillbirth and infant death and compare results for offspring of first-cousin parents with results for offspring of unrelated parents. METHODS: The study population consisted of all single births with a previous sibling born in Norway between 1967 ...
Abendroth D - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The immediate post-partum period is stressful for most parents. The need to use a home apnea monitor may tax parental coping skills even further. Therefore, we conducted a study to assess the psychosocial consequences of apnea monitoring on parental emotional distress and family functioning. METHOD: We studied 104 parents ...
Morison S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of ten couples who have had a home birth in Western Australia. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Using a phenomenological approach, ten parent couples were interviewed and three home-birth videos observed. Of the ten couples, four discussed their first child's home birth. The remaining six couples ...
Doering L V - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychosocial adjustment of mothers and fathers to the birth of a premature or critically ill infant hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: Using a comparative design, we studied 165 mothers and father pairs of high-risk neonates. Mothers were 29.1 +/- 6.7 and ...
Anteunis L J - - 1999
A total of 150 full-term and 66 pre-term infants were selected at birth and prospectively examined at three-monthly intervals from birth until the age of 27 months. Parental reports of middle ear infection and/or hearing impairment were obtained prior to otoscopic and audiometric evaluation. The relationships between parental reports and ...
Murphy S A - - 1999
This study examined changes in bereaved parents' mental distress following the violent deaths of their 12- to 28-year-old children. A community-based sample of 171 bereaved mothers and 90 fathers was recruited by a review of medical examiner records. Data were collected 4, 12, and 24 months post-death. Repeated measures analysis ...
Morrell J M - - 1999
Sleeping problems in young children are very common, affecting up to 20% of 1-year-olds. Behaviour therapy is the most widely recognised treatment but a significant proportion of parents find it aversive. This suggests that parental cognitions may be important and underevaluated. The aims of this study were therefore fourfold: (1) ...
Vogel L D - - 1999
An infant oral health evaluation encompasses the assessment and identification of oral disease, the establishment of preventive practices and the monitoring of developing dentofacial structures. The article presented here focuses on the need for dentists to begin a dialogue with parents of young children with regard to their infant's oral ...
Tiemstra J D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Studies from more than 10 years ago have shown that most parents choose circumcision for their infant sons for nonmedical reasons. Since then a wealth of data has accumulated on the relative risks and benefits of the procedure, although the medical community remains divided on the appropriateness of the ...
Maestripieri D - - 1999
This study investigated the abusive behavior and parenting styles of 7 rhesus macaque mothers with infants born in 2 consecutive years. All subjects lived in captive social groups and were observed during the first 12 weeks of infant life. With the exception of 1 individual, mothers were generally consistent in ...
White M A - - 1999
Family interaction during pregnancy and the transition to parenthood creates the social environment in which the fetus becomes part of the family, family relationships and roles are reorganized, and the infant's temperament appears. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among family dynamics, parental-fetal attachment, and infant ...
Clark S M - - 1999
PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of fathers of infants newly diagnosed with severe congenital heart disease. DESIGN: An analysis of qualitative data collected as part of a larger longitudinal study of parenting the medically fragile infant. PARTICIPANTS: Eight fathers whose infants were hospitalized for severe congenital heart disease, were technology ...
McNichol T - - 1999
To determine whether infants exposed to drugs during gestation present special challenges in family foster care, data on 204 infants were reviewed. Developmental functioning, health and caregiving needs, visits by biological parents, and case dispositions were compared across drug-exposure groups. Infants with verified drug exposure presented with significantly more health ...
Klauber E V - - 1999
Herpes simplex type 2 (HSV2) disease developed sequentially among two parents and their newborn. The father first became ill with upper-respiratory symptoms and fever. Then, 5 days later, shortly after delivery, the mother had fever, pharyngitis, and diarrhea. Subsequently, the infant developed undifferentiated febrile illness at the age of 3 ...
Osofsky J D - - 1998
Infant psychiatry, a relatively new and growing field, recognizing that clinically relevant problems can be identified in infants and young children. Infant mental health emphasizes the importance of both preventive intervention and treatment approaches. The World Association for Infant Mental Health is an interdisciplinary and international organization devoted to furthering ...
Nelson S P - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: 1) Determine what percentage of infants outgrow regurgitation over 1 year. 2) Determine whether they develop feeding or mealtime problems. 3) Determine whether they develop frequent respiratory illnesses, including ear, sinus, and upper respiratory infections, or wheezing episodes. DESIGN: One-year follow-up survey of parents of children identified at 6 ...
Bar-on M E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess parental decision making in the acquisition of an infant walker and the influences surrounding that decision. DESIGN/METHODS: Caretakers of children attending a residents' continuity practice during a one month period were invited to participate in a structured interview to assess various aspects of infant safety. Ten questions ...
Mason W A - - 1998
We examine behavioral and physiological aspects of primate emotional attachments in the context of four relationships: infant-to-parent, parent-to-infant, and adult male-to-female and adult female-to-male in a monogamous New World species. Emotional attachments in each of these relationships show striking similarities at a basic functional level. The nature of these similarities ...
Levy-Shiff R - - 1998
By applying R. S. Lazarus's (1993) theoretical model, the authors explored the dynamics of stress and coping as central mechanisms underlying parenting adjustment and infant development. Longitudinal assessment of 140 primiparous mothers included measures of cognitive appraisals of parenting, coping strategies used, and supportive coping resources at pregnancy and 1 ...
Ozkara H A - - 1998
Twenty-five Turkish infants with Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) have been diagnosed in the past 8 years. All are from consanguineous, nonrelated families. The present study deals with the molecular basis of six Turkish TSD patients from five unrelated families in which the parents were first cousins. The five mutations identified in ...
Braungart-Rieker J - - 1998
This laboratory study examined mothers' and fathers' sensitivity during face-to-face interactions with their infants as well as infants' affective and regulatory responses during mother-infant versus father-infant still face (SF). The degree to which infant gender and temperament as well as parental sensitivity predicted SF responses was also examined. Participants included ...
Pruett K D - - 1998
Fathers make definite contributions to infant development and are now spending more time with their children than in many past decades. This article reviews the most compelling research on the developmental importance of fathers, including father-infant attachment and interaction, and differences between maternal and paternal interaction styles. Results of a ...
Schaal B - - 1998
Both human mothers and fathers are able to discriminate the odors of 2 samples of amniotic fluid (AF), one from their own newborn infant and one from an unrelated infant. Moreover, both parents are able to accurately identify the odor of the AF from their own infant. They report qualitative ...
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