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Results 551 - 600 of 1090
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Bradley J L - - 2001
This study evaluates the reliability and validity of parental measurements of infant size, using illustrated instructions and simple measuring tools. Following pilot tests, final methods were evaluated on a sample of 28 parents (26 mothers and 2 fathers) of infants from 1 to 6 weeks of age. Parents independently measured ...
Halpern L F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of child-rearing attitudes on the relation between parenting stress and infant behavioral characteristics for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants. METHODS: Fifty-six 9-month-old infants (23 VLBW and 33 full-term) and their mothers were the participants. Mothers completed measures of parenting stress, child-rearing attitudes, ...
Simpson R - - 2001
This article describes the role of the International Association of Infant Massage (IAIM) in promoting the importance of touch for the developing relationship between the parents and infants. Infants are unique personalities and it is important that the parent learns how to respond appropriately to the infant's needs. Infant massage ...
Schradin C - - 2001
Goeldi's monkey (Callimico goeldii) is closely related to marmosets and tamarins. Like marmosets and tamarins, C. goeldii lives in family groups, and fathers and older offspring (helpers) participate in infant carrying. In contrast to the typical twin births in marmosets and tamarins, C. goeldii has only single offspring, and paternal ...
Letourneau N - - 2001
The study objective was to pilot test Keys to Caregiving, a program designed to improve interactions and contingent responsiveness between adolescent mothers and their infants. First-time adolescent parents, aged 15 to 19 years, received either the Keys to Caregiving program delivered by 6-weekly visits or a control program consisting of ...
Hudson D B - - 2001
The threefold purposes of our study were to determine differences between first-time mothers' and fathers' development of infant care self-efficacy and parenting satisfaction, relationships between mothers' and fathers' infant care self-efficacy and parenting satisfaction, and the effect of infant sex on the development of mothers' and fathers' infant care self-efficacy ...
Sgan-Cohen H D - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to measure the effect of a community health education program on reported infants' bottle-feeding practices and infants' toothbrushing behavior, with or without distribution of toothpaste and toothbrushes. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental comparison group design study conducted in mother and child health centers in Jerusalem, parents of ...
Reznick J S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the process of having parents rate their infant's intentionality and language using parent-report questionnaires influences parents' tendency to view infants as intentional or linguistic. METHOD: The Infant Intentionality Questionnaire (IIQ) and the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories (CDI) were administered to three groups of mothers. Forty mothers ...
Blake B J - - 2001
Texas is one of five states in the United States in which teen pregnancies exceed 70 per 1,000 females aged 15 to 17 years. The purpose of this retrospective exploratory study was to analyze and map sociodemographic variables associated with unmarried teen childbirth. It was hypothesized that selected sociodemographic variables ...
Nichols K - - 2001
Gergely and Watson's (1996) social biofeedback theory of parental affect mirroring applies the conditional probability model of contingency perception to parent-child interactions. Infants are first evaluated at birth on neurological and temperament measures. Infants are also evaluated at 6 and 12 months on tasks that study social interactional determinants, infant ...
Bigelow A E - - 2001
Infants' early self-knowledge is acquired most readily in social interactions, because others respond to infants in contingent ways. Recent findings are described, which indicate that infants are sensitive not only to social contingency early in life but also to particular levels of social contingency found in their parental interactions. Implications ...
Brom D - - 2001
The effects of the Holocaust on the offspring of survivors have remained unclear in discussions between clinicians, clinical researchers and empirical researchers. The authors report on a controlled double-blind study designed to test these effects using the sensitivity of clinicians to intrapsychic constellations and processes. The all female sample was ...
Lewis-Jones M S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The impact on quality of life (QOL) caused by atopic dermatitis (AD) has been quantified in children and adults using established QOL measures. However, these are not suitable for use in infants under the age of 4 years, when AD usually develops. OBJECTIVES: To validate a new parent-generated QOL ...
Jan M M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Accidental injuries are the leading cause of death among children. Many of these injuries could be prevented if the parents took additional safety precautions. We aimed to study the parent's safety practices and explore the possible correlating and contributing factors to unfavorable safety behaviors. METHOD: Prospective interviews with the ...
Wimpory D C - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to identify the specific aspects of social engagement that distinguish infants with autism from infants of similar age and developmental level who do not have autism. Ten parents of preschoolers with autism and 10 parents of matched children without autism were given a semistructured ...
Ruhm C J - - 2000
This study investigates whether rights to parental leave improve pediatric health. Aggregate data are used for 16 European countries over the 1969 through 1994 period. More generous paid leave is found to reduce deaths of infants and young children. The magnitudes of the estimated effects are substantial, especially where a ...
Garte S - - 2000
Infant leukemia below the age of 12 months is a rare disease that exhibits a high frequency of 11q23 rearrangements. We assessed the presence of polymorphisms in several metabolic genes in 23 families of infants diagnosed with leukemia under 12 months of age in Italy. When polymorphism frequencies were calculated ...
De Leeuw R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment choices of neonatal physicians and nurses in 11 European countries for a hypothetical case of extreme prematurity (24 weeks' gestational age, birth weight of 560 g, Apgar score of 1 at 1 minute). STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was completed by 1401 physicians (response rate, ...
Bullock K D - - 2000
Data from the American Angus Association, American Gelbvieh Association, and the North American Limousin Foundation were analyzed to determine whether parental genetic differences are associated with Mendelian sampling of their bull progeny or with Mendelian sampling variances and weight variances of their bull progeny's offspring. Parental differences were measured as ...
Slayton R L - - 2000
The term Riga-Fede disease has been used historically to describe a traumatic ulceration that occurs on the ventral surface of the tongue in neonates and infants. It is frequently associated with natal or neonatal teeth but may also occur in older infants after the eruption of primary lower incisors. Failure ...
Sowan N A - - 2000
PURPOSE: To facilitate an understanding of the influence of parental characteristics on the development of infant obesity. DESIGN: Conducted in collaboration with a NIH-funded study of infant growth, this study employed a longitudinal prospective design. METHODS: Anthropometric measures were obtained monthly and home visits were conducted five times through 15 ...
Ravenscroft J - - 2000
We report a Caucasian family of two veterinary practitioners and their two children, ages 2 years and 6 months, simultaneously infected with the dermatophyte Trichophyton tonsurans, causing tinea capitis and tinea corporis in the children and tinea corporis in the parents. The parents and older child were successfully treated with ...
García A M - - 2000
The occupational history of the parents of 261 infants with congenital malformations and 261 matched controls was collected. During the relevant time period before the birth of their child, 183 parents were involved in agricultural activities, 49% of them having directly applied pesticides. Two experts assessed the probability and the ...
Armstrong K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to identify the scources and quality of the health advice provided to parents with irritable infants; to assess the efficacy of a residential programme in the diagnosis and management of irritable infants; and to assess the intermediate term outcome for such infants and ...
McKean-Cowdin R - - 2000
A large case-control study of children was used to test mothers' reporting of information on fathers' background, lifestyle and occupational factors. For a subset (104) of 1341 enrolled families, both parents were interviewed about fathers' characteristics. Reliability of reporting was determined for fathers' race, education, smoking status, non-recent job history ...
Felt B T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of simple behavioral interventions at immunization on behavioral and biochemical indicators of distress in infants and parents in a primary care setting. DESIGN: Subjects were enrolled sequentially to control (standard care) and intervention groups. Intervention parents (n=57) were provided information about techniques to help their ...
Kaitz M - - 2000
To examine the effectiveness of new parents at soothing their infants, the authors filmed primiparae (20 mothers, 20 fathers) and, for comparison, multiparae (25 mothers, 25 fathers) during an interaction with their crying 2- to 3-day-old infants. Data were derived from loudness ratings of the infants' distress signals and by ...
Waters E - - 2000
Sixty White middle-class infants were seen in the Ainsworth Strange Situation at 12 months of age; 50 of these participants (21 males, 29 females) were recontacted 20 years later and interviewed by using the Berkeley Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The interviewers were blind to the participants' Strange Situation classifications. Overall, ...
Chung T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chloral hydrate, a commonly used oral sedative for infants undergoing imaging examinations, has a bitter taste and requires relatively large volume, provoking unpleasant reactions from the infants. Experience with an alternative sedative, oral pentobarbital (Nembutal), has not been reported for infants. OBJECTIVE: To compare patient acceptance of oral Nembutal ...
Holditch-Davis D - - 2000
The purpose of this article is to let mothers tell the stories of their neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experiences and to determine how well these experiences fit the Preterm Parental Distress Model. Interviews were conducted with 31 mothers when their infants were six months of age corrected for prematurity ...
Macknin M L - - 2000
CONTEXT: Studies of infant teething have been retrospective, small, or conducted on institutionalized infants. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a large, prospective study of healthy infants to determine which symptoms may be attributed to teething and to attempt to predict tooth emergence from an infant's symptoms. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. Setting. Clinic-based pediatric ...
Wyckoff M M - - 2000
This description of a tragic case of infection with neonatal herpes simplex virus type II is presented to alert professional nurses to the fact that this disease is sometimes difficult to recognize, but must be considered when a newborn has any unusual symptoms. Neonatal herpes simplex type II may have ...
Moser D K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Subject dropout from a prospective, longitudinal trial can produce biases in the remaining sample that affect study findings and their interpretation, yet little is known about factors contributing to dropout. OBJECTIVE: To determine characteristics differentiating those who complete from those who drop out of a longitudinal multicenter clinical trial. ...
Shapiro A F - - 2000
This longitudinal study identified factors of couples' marital friendship in the beginning months of marriage that predicted stability versus decline in marital satisfaction over the transition to parenthood. Newlywed couples (N = 130) were followed longitudinally for 6 years. Forty-three couples because parents, and 39 childless couples served as a ...
Nicolich M J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of parental and biological factors on the U.S. male birth fraction from 1964 through 1988. DESIGN: Logistic regression on annual U.S. male births by race group. SETTING: Population-based data. PATIENT(s): Live births in the United States 1964 through 1988. INTERVENTION(s): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(s): Annual ...
Bornmann P G - - 2000
Hospital practices can interfere with the successful initiation of breastfeeding. This article describes two cases in which parents sought legal advice in relation to supplemental feedings and artificial nipples. The authors recommend that parents send a letter of direction to their health care providers prior to their infant's delivery, and ...
Wilson M E - - 2000
Family dynamics, parental-fetal attachment and infant temperament The purpose of this longitudinal study of families having their first or second baby was to explore relationships among family dynamics, paternal- and maternal-fetal attachment, and infant temperament. Data were collected from 156 women and 62 of their partners during the third trimester ...
Whipple J - - 2000
This study examined the effects of parent training in music and multimodal stimulation on the quantity and quality of parent-neonate interactions and the weight gain and length of hospitalization of premature and low birthweight (LBW) infants in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Twenty sets of parents and premature LBW ...
Mota M T - - 2000
Previous studies have suggested that prolactin may play a role in regulating allocare behaviour in cotton-top tamarins, Saguinus oedipus. In this study, we investigate the prolactin profile of 3 groups of captive common marmosets, Callithrix jacchus. Carrying behaviour in this species was observed after parturition. Prolactin assays of blood samples ...
Sanchez O M - - 2000
If appropriate measures are applied early enough, it may be possible to totally prevent oral disease. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends that infants be scheduled for an initial oral evaluation within six months of the eruption of the first primary tooth but by no later than 12 months ...
Cullen A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Factors that place an infant at increased risk of sudden infant death include the prone sleep position, overheating and parental smoking, while practices such as bottle-feeding, co-sleeping and the use of pacifiers remain controversial. Major publicity campaigns have been undertaken, which have included the distribution of printed material and ...
Hammond M V - - 2000
Mothers of infants with varying degrees of medical risk were grouped according to their perception of acceptance or rejection in childhood. Those who recalled the highest degree of acceptance showed greater warmth and flexibility as parents, regardless of their infants' degree of medical risk. However, infant medical risk was an ...
Hesse E - - 2000
This presentation focuses on the disorganized/disoriented (Group D) categories of infant, child, and adult attachment. The infant D category is assigned on the basis of interruptions and anomalies in organization and orientation observed during Ainsworth's strange situation procedure. In neurologically normal low-risk samples, D attachment is not substantially related to ...
Fenton T R - - 2000
Breast milk supplementation is frequently used to improve preterm infant growth and to achieve satisfactory intakes of minerals and vitamins. In the North American market there are commercial preparations: two powders and a liquid. The nutritional data available suggest these products are similar and their utilization is based on healthcare ...
Caretto V - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to describe current trends in parent education on infant feeding in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to clarify the role of the occupational therapist in educating parents. Questionnaires were mailed to 190 neonatologists across the United States who were asked to forward ...
Palermo T M - - 2000
We conducted a randomized controlled trial of parental presence during anaesthesia induction for outpatient surgery in 73 infants (aged 1-12 months). Effects of parental presence on infant and parental outcomes, including anxiety, health care attitudes and satisfaction with the anaesthesia and surgery experience were evaluated. Results demonstrated that parental presence ...
Collins M E - - 2000
To assess early effects of welfare reform, administrative data was used to compare prereform and postreform cohorts of teenage parents regarding the impact of reform on welfare enrollments, case closures, child maltreatment, and subsequent births. The relation of mandated living arrangements to outcomes was also examined. Cohort differences were observed ...
Main M - - 2000
From an evolutionary perspective, a central mechanism promoting infant survival is the maintenance of proximity to attachment figures. Consequently attachment figure(s) represent the infant's primary solution to experiences of fear. Aspects of the development of the field of attachment are outlined within this context, beginning with Bowlby's ethological/evolutionary theory, and ...
Heiser A - - 2000
The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to evaluate the accuracy of a parent-completed questionnaire compared with professionally detected developmental delay. Parents of 108 very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants and parents of 279 term control infants completed the German version of the Revised Prescreening Developmental Questionnaire (R-PDQ) at the corrected age ...
Nakamura W M - - 2000
The purpose of this pilot study was to gather preliminary data on father-infant dyads using the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Teaching scale, a parent-infant interaction measure, to determine whether and how fathers score differently than mothers from normative samples. Interactions between first-time father (N = 15) and their ...
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