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Results 501 - 550 of 1095
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Amsel Shlomo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the compliance of parents in purchasing iron-containing drugs for their infants. In addition, we looked for possible socioeconomic characteristics of the parents who prevent their infants from accessing these medications. DESIGN: All infants (4-12 months) whose parents bought (from January to August 1999 and from January to ...
Hughes P - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Most maternity units have good practice protocols, advising that after stillbirth parents should be encouraged to see and hold their dead infant. Our aim was to assess whether adherence to these protocols is associated with measurably beneficial effects on the psychological health of mother and next-born child. This study ...
Kostan Karen M - - 2002
In many primate species a close attachment between mother and infant provides a secure base for the infant when the infant is frightened or under stress. In cooperatively breeding primates infant carrying is divided among several individuals in the group, with the mother often doing little more than nursing. In ...
Kodadek Marie P - - 2002
With the complexity of technologies in medical centers today, family members are frequently confronted with situations that require decision making on behalf of a loved one. Some researchers have studied the needs of decision makers directly; however, the reality of asking opinions at the bedside of a dying patient makes ...
Parker Leslie - - 2002
In this case study kangaroo care (KC) was facilitated for an adoptive mother and father who were planning to attend the birth of the infant they had arranged to adopt. Unexpectedly, the birth mother delivered at 27 weeks gestation. The infant was critically ill and required mechanical ventilation. However, in ...
Brinchmann Berit Støre - - 2002
The aim of this article is to generate knowledge about parents' participation in life-and-death decisions concerning their very premature and/or critically ill infants in hospital neonatal units. The question is: what are parents' attitudes towards their involvement in such decision making? A descriptive study design using in-depth interviews was chosen. ...
Colson Eve R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an educational intervention to change nursery practice would result in more inner-city parents placing their infants in the supine position for sleep. DESIGN: We conducted semistructured interviews at the 2-week health supervision visit with 1 convenience sample of parents before and a different convenience sample of ...
Roff Sue Rabbitt - - 2002
When citizens of Atlantic alliance countries are being asked by their elected leaders to suspend many of the fundamental rights of democracy in order to defend them, it is timely to consider the perils of the slippery slope that was opened up by the harvesting of human bones and tissue ...
Lawhon Gretchen - - 2002
A challenge facing neonatal health care providers is to combine technological intensive care for preterm infants with a sensitive and individualized approach facilitating neurobehavioral development while supporting parents in their roles as primary advocates and long-term caregivers. This exploratory study evaluated an individualized nursing intervention based on underlying assumptions of ...
Pector Elizabeth A - - 2002
Grief after the death of some or all multiples differs from mourning for a singleton loss in many important respects. A review of the unique features of grief for a multiple birth loss is followed by practical suggestions for empathic care. Cherished mementos and photos, and disposition options for deceased ...
Paterson Janis - - 2002
AIM: To describe infant bed-sharing among Pacific families in New Zealand. METHODS: The data were gathered as part of the Pacific Island Families: First Two Years of Life (PIF) Study in which 1376 mothers were interviewed when their infants were six-weeks-old. Maternal reports of infant bed-sharing practices were assessed by ...
- - 2002
On May 2, 2002, the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services notified CDC about an infant aged 10 months adopted from Russia who had culture-confirmed pertussis diagnosed. On April 8, the adoptive parents picked him up in the orphan ward at hospital A in Bryansk and noticed that ...
Tommiska V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the parental stress in the families of 2 year old extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants with that in control families, and to compare the stress of mothers with that of fathers. METHODS: The study population included all parents of ELBW infants (birth weight < 1000 g and ...
Spear Michael L - - 2002
The purpose of this investigation is to assess family stress, coping, perceptions of their infant, and alterations in mood that may result from the hospitalization of their critically ill newborn infant. Eligible patients were those infants hospitalized in the Special Care Nursery (SCN) at Christiana Care Health Services, who were ...
Leonard Linda G - - 2002
Each twin and higher order multiple leads an extraordinary life before birth. The literature has revealed that the intrauterine environment differs for every multiple fetus and helps to shape the individuality of each multiple-birth child. From early in pregnancy, it appears that a multiple develops his or her own temperament ...
Baradon Tessa - - 2002
Psychodynamic psychotherapy with parents and infants addresses the relationship between them where there has been a disruption or distortion in the process of bonding. Often this is characterized by a repudiation of the state of infancy by the parent, and a negation of infantile needs in the baby and in ...
Silvers Linda E - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The federally administered Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) is a passive reporting system that receives domestic and foreign reports of adverse events that occur following immunization. This investigation explored whether routinely interviewing parents for follow-up of VAERS pediatric deaths would provide additional information important to vaccine safety. METHODS: ...
Hoare K - - 2002
This article reports a non-randomized intervention study conducted in two market towns to find out whether participant-centred health education discussions improve parents' knowledge and actions concerning infant feeding. Following an initial quiz, parents of 8-week-old infants attended a discussion on weaning (intervention) or home safety (control). They were then asked ...
van Bakel Hedwig J A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The quality of attachment of 127 Dutch 15-month-old infants to their primary caregivers was assessed using an abbreviated version of Ainsworth's Strange Situation. METHODS: In addition, infant-parent interaction was observed during a 12-minute series of instructional tasks both at home and in a lab setting. Infants were rated for ...
Cohen Lindsey L - - 2002
Infant procedural distress is largely understudied, and there is a dearth of empirically supported interventions in the child health psychology literature. This study examined nurse-directed distraction for reducing infant immunization distress. Ninety infants and their parents were randomly assigned to a distraction condition (i.e., nurses used stimuli to divert infants' ...
Franck Linda S - - 2002
PURPOSE: To describe neonatal unit policies and practices regarding the holding of infants by parents. DESIGN: U.S. national cross-sectional descriptive survey. SAMPLE: Nurses representing 215 neonatal units providing regional-level (22 percent), community-level (45 percent), and intermediate-level (33 percent) care. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLE: Proportion of respondents who reported neonatal intensive care ...
Raas-Rothschild Annick - - 2002
Sensorineural deafness and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are the hallmarks of Usher syndrome (USH) but are also prominent features in peroxisomal biogenesis defects (PBDs); both are autosomal recessively inherited. The firstborn son of unrelated parents, who both had sensorineural deafness and RP diagnosed as USH, presented with sensorineural deafness, RP, dysmorphism, ...
Bortolus R - - 2002
AIM: To examine the degree of agreement between the paediatrician's assessment and parental reporting of infants' development using a postal questionnaire. METHODS: The developmental status of 241 infants in the charge of 9 community paediatricians or discharged from one Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) was assessed by their parents 18 ...
Wunsch Guillaume - - 2002
This study presents some new results on parental age as a risk factor for child survival. The study is based on individual registration forms for live births and infant deaths collected in Hungary from 1984 to 1988. Logistic regression models have been fitted for early neonatal and neonatal mortality on ...
Eckerberg B B Department of Paediatrics, Falun Hospital, Sweden. - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate a standardized sleep programme, i.e. a two-step variation of graduated extinction, where the child is first taught to fall asleep by him/herself at bedtime (first intervention) and 2 wk later also after night wakings (second intervention). The outcome after consultations with a ...
Eiden Rina Das RD University at Buffalo, State University of New York, USA. - - 2002
This study examined the association between fathers' alcoholism and other risk factors such as parental depression, family conflict, infant temperament, and parent-infant attachment. The quality of parent-infant interactions was hypothesized to be a proximal mediator of the associations among alcoholism and other risk factors and attachment. The participants were 223 ...
Colson E R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In the United States, sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among infants between the ages of 1 and 12 months. Although its etiology is unclear, infants who sleep in the prone or side positions are at increased risk. The objective of this study was to ...
Sharan H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In surrogate pregnancies the genetic parents have little opportunity for early bonding to their infant, either prenatally (in utero) or in the immediate postnatal period. The purpose of this article is to describe a new method for encouraging early parent-infant bonding after surrogate pregnancy by hospitalizing the genetic mother ...
Workman E - - 2001
Supporting a family through the impending death of their infant challenges the health care team to create opportunities for the parents to complete the attachment process and begin to grieve. Even in the neonatal intensive-care unit, the family can be brought together with their child in activities that comfort and ...
Leino T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Close family and day-care contacts have been identified as risk factors for pneumococcal (Pnc) carriage. This study addresses the risk of Pnc carriage by infants 2 to 24 months of age in terms of simultaneous carriage of pneumococcus by family members. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 100 Finnish ...
McGrath J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Urban birth and migrant status have been identified as risk factors for psychosis in North American and European studies. The aim of this study was to explore these variables in an Australian case-control study. METHOD: Country of birth of subjects and their parents, and place of birth of Australian-born ...
Thomas D F - - 2001
The prenatal detection of urinary tract anomalies is changing paediatric practice but in many areas the impact on clinical outcome remains difficult to quantify. However it is already apparent that termination of pregnancy has reduced the numbers of infants with lethal pulmonary hypoplasia and renal dysplasia who would previously have ...
Zanardo V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It is conceivable that a complicated recovery course in a high-risk premature infant managed at home generates apprehension and anxiety in parents. AIMS: We attempted to define the evolution of anxiety levels in a population of parents of low-birth-weight premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia enrolled in a prospective home ...
Melnyk B M - - 2001
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-focused intervention program (COPE) on infant cognitive development and maternal coping. A randomized clinical trial was conducted with 42 mothers of low-birth-weight (LBW) premature infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), with follow-up at 3 ...
Matthey S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric properties of a parent-report questionnaire (Sleep and Settle Questionnaire (SSQ)) assessing: (i) the infant's sleep and settling behaviour, and (ii) the parent's level of concern with such behaviours. METHODOLOGY: Test-retest reliability was determined by administering the SSQ to 20 mothers on two occasions, 7-14 days ...
Morgan S K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although much research has focused on parental report of infant sleep position since the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendation for non-prone placement, few studies have examined physician recommendations regarding infant sleep. This study examined differences between resident recommendations for infant sleep position and cosleeping (bed sharing) and ...
Keller L F - - 2001
We studied the influence of extra-pair paternity on heritability estimates of morphological traits in a population of the Medium Ground Finch (Geospiza fortis) on Isla Daphne Major, Galápagos. Data from eight microsatellite loci were used to determine parentage. Six morphological traits measured on each finch were represented by two separate ...
Bona G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate health state of newborns of immigrated parents from developing countries. METHODS: Hospital records of 69,605 infants born during 1996/1997 in Italy were reviewed comparing, in a case-control study, each infant of immigrated parents to two infants born immediately before and after ...
Bishop S J - - 2001
Current data show that infants represent an increasing proportion of cases of child maltreatment. To learn more about how infants fare in the current system and to provide baseline data against which to compare outcomes following recent legislative reforms, this study examined a subsample of infants in a sample of ...
Goodlin-Jones B L BL Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Davis 95817, - - 2001
Few objective data are available regarding infants' night waking behaviors and the development of self-soothing during the first year of life. This cross-sectional study examined 80 infants in one of four age groups (3, 6, 9, or 12 mo) for four nights by using videosomnography to code nighttime awakenings and ...
Streiner D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To compare the attitudes of neonatologists, neonatal nurses, the parents of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) children, and the parents of normal birth weight children toward saving infants of borderline viability and who should be involved in the decision-making process and to compare physicians' and nurses' estimates of the ...
Bardi M - - 2001
Several New World monkey species experience high rates of infant mortality in captivity, and parental failure in the form of infant neglect and abuse is often regarded as one of the leading causes of this problem. We explored a large archival database to assess environmental, familial, and biological variables identified ...
Goldman H I - - 2001
This study investigated the use of 'mama' or similar sounds (collectively referred to as 'MAMA') by 75 infants less than six months of age. Parents were directed to listen for 'MAMA' sounds and to note the sounds made, the age of onset, whether the sounds appeared to be directed to ...
Penot B - - 2001
It is a fact that Freud almost systematically refrained from using the term 'subject' in his work. However, one remarkable exception is worthy of our attention: in 'Instincts and their vicissitudes' (1915), he repeatedly refers to the notion of subject (Subjekt) whenever he is dealing with one common 'vicissitude' (destiny) ...
Sauer P J - - 2001
Neonatal intensive care has greatly improved the survival chances of a very sick infant. At the same time, it has also given rise to serious ethical problems. In all circumstances, however, parents and paediatricians and other healthcare team workers should continuously evaluate together what is in the best interest of ...
St James-Roberts I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a behavioural programme introduced in the first 3 months of age in preventing infant crying and sleeping problems. Two issues were addressed: (i) which elements of the behavioural programme would parents implement; and (ii) whether the behavioural programme was more effective in reducing infant ...
Claxon-McKinney B - - 2001
Sixteen years ago, hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) was a fatal diagnosis. Following birth and closing of the ductus arteriosus, HLHS infants developed metabolic acidosis, decreased systemic perfusion, circulatory collapse, and death. Currently, HLHS can be detected in fetuses in the first trimester of pregnancy. Today's families may choose from ...
Ward K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To identify the perceived needs of parents of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHOD: A convenience sample of 52 parents of NICU infants completed the NICU Family Needs Inventory that was modified from the Critical Care Family Needs Inventory (CCFNI). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. ...
Campbell D E - - 2001
Decision-making about treatments for neonates at the threshold of viability is a complex process that must involve physicians, other health-care professionals, and families. Parents and families bring personal, ideological, cultural, and religious beliefs into their relationship with health-care professionals that have the potential to conflict with professional perceptions of good ...
Wijga A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A family history of allergy, reflecting genetic risk factors, increases the risk of developing allergic diseases, but environmental factors, especially those present in early life, also contribute to the actual development of allergic phenomena. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in lifestyle between allergic and non-allergic parents, which may influence the ...
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