Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1094
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Maroney Dianne I - - 2003
Extensive research of the long-term outcomes of premature infants has shown significant risk for emotional, behavioral, and psychological problems. Chronic stress and trauma have not been researched specifically in this population, however, studies of the neurobiological impact of traumatic stress on infants and children in the general population show noteworthy ...
Lambert Scott R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: To determine whether a randomized clinical trial, the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study, comparing intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with contact lens (CL) correction for infants with a unilateral congenital cataract (UCC), is feasible by (1) ascertaining whether American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) members have equipoise regarding these ...
Lang Ariella - - 2003
The process of development and testing of the Lang and Goulet Hardiness Scale (LGHS), a self-report instrument designed to measure hardiness in bereaved parents following the death of their fetus/infant, is presented. Hardiness is a personal resource, composed of 3 interdependent components that are characterized by a sense of personal ...
Aite L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not a correlation exists between antenatal consultations and parental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 31 couples undergoing prenatal consultation after a diagnosis of a surgically correctable anomaly were asked to fill in a questionnaire (Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) measuring anxiety levels (AL) both after the ...
Barrett Edward G - - 2003
Increasing evidence suggests that parental allergic status, especially that of the mother, may play a unique and important role in influencing the development of fetal infant immune responses to inhaled allergens, independently of genetic predisposition. We have developed an experimental model in dogs where the offspring from allergic parents, when ...
Coall David A - - 2003
We present a novel evolutionary analysis of low birth weight (LBW). LBW is a well-known risk factor for increased infant morbidity and mortality. Its causes, however, remain obscure and there is a vital need for new approaches. Life history theory, the most dynamic branch of evolutionary ecology, provides important insights ...
Louhi-Pirkanniemi K A - - 2003
AIM: To determine the reasons for the possible overuse of antibiotics by investigating whether family-related medical, behavioural, emotional, and social risk factors during the mother's pregnancy and childbirth are associated with subsequent recurrent antibiotic therapy of infants. METHODS: Subject selection was based on stratified randomized cluster sampling. A total of ...
Ball Helen L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Expectations for infant sleep development and for the appropriate degree of parental proximity for infant sleep are culturally weighted and historically shifting aspects of parenting behavior, and are known to affect breastfeeding prevalence and duration. This paper examined how new parents managed night-time feeding in the first 4 months, ...
Sawai Hideaki - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Hypophosphatasia is an inherited disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and deficiency of tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. This disorder is caused by various mutations in the TNSALP gene. We report here hypophosphatasia in two siblings, both of them severely affected by the perinatal (lethal) type. METHODS: We ...
Skuladottir Arna - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe a family-centered intervention for sleep disturbed infants and its effect on the infants' sleep pattern. METHODS: The sample consisted of 33 infants (6-23 month of age) hospitalized because of sleep problems in The City Hospital in Reykjavik, Iceland, and 33 mothers and 30 fathers. Infants' sleep patterns ...
Arana A - - 2003
AIM: To determine whether oesophageal pH monitoring in infants induces changes in daily activity and feeding, and with the help of a questionnaire to evaluate how parents perceive pH monitoring. METHODS: The parents of 100 children, consecutively referred for oesophageal pH monitoring, were asked by one of the authors (A.A.) ...
Haley David W - - 2003
This study examined infant response and recovery from a social challenge and parent responses. Behavioral and physiological responses were measured from forty-three 5- and 6-month-olds infants during a modified still-face procedure that used an additional still-face reunion sequence. Results confirm the hypothesis that infants of more responsive parents show more ...
Pierrehumbert B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Progress in perinatal medicine has made it possible to increase the survival of very or extremely low birthweight infants. Developmental outcomes of surviving preterm infants have been analysed at the paediatric, neurological, cognitive, and behavioural levels, and a series of perinatal and environmental risk factors have been identified. The ...
Lundqvist Anita - - 2003
A survey was carried out of Swedish neonatal end-of-life regarding practice before birth, at birth, during dying and after death using a descriptive questionnaire with close-ended questions and individual comments. The practice in 32 of 38 neonatal units, as described by the head nurse or the registered nurses, was largely ...
Jind Lise - - 2003
The aim of the present study was to explore the attributional processes and the effect of various causal attributions on post-traumatic symptomatology among 110 parents who had lost an infant. The attributional processes were examined with longitudinal data collected over 12 months. One to four weeks post-loss, approximately half of ...
Murray L - - 2003
The postpartum period is a sensitive time due to the presence and demands of the developing infant. The care provided by a mother to her infant during this period may be compromised if she is suffering from postnatal depression or postpartum psychosis. Evidence has been emerging which suggests that postnatal ...
Salama Husam - - 2003
Cerebral infarction of newborn infants is a rare condition. It remains the least predictable etiology of neonatal seizures, and the appreciation of its occurrence among physicians needs to be re-addressed. The most common presenting feature is seizure. We report 2 full term newborn infants who developed middle cerebral infarction. These ...
Jackson Karin - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The birth of a preterm infant has a long-term impact on both parents. Mothers report more stress and poor adjustment compared with fathers. Influencing factors, such as family situation and health status of the child, can support or weaken the coping ability of the parents. Studies on experiences of ...
Brisch Karl Heinz - - 2003
The birth of a very small preterm infant (< or = 1500 grams) can be a traumatizing experience for many parents. A developmental risk model is presented that is the background to an early attachment-oriented preventive psychotherapeutic intervention. This comprehensive parent-centered intervention program is composed of supportive group psychotherapy, attachment-oriented ...
Klerman Lorraine V - - 2003
This paper uses survival analysis to examine three large-scale, multi-site, randomized, controlled programs that attempted to prevent or delay second births to teenagers. Statistically significant differences in the hypothesized direction were found between the intervention and the control groups in the Elmira and Memphis Home Visitation sites. No statistically significant ...
Byers Jacqueline Fowler - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the physiological stability and behavioral effects of co-bedding with those of single-bedding premature multiple-gestation infants in incubators as well as the psychological effects on their parents. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, repeated measure. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 16 infants and 8 parents in the co-bedded group, and 21 infants ...
Beachy Jodi M - - 2003
Infant massage therapy is an inexpensive tool that should be utilized as part of the developmental care of the preterm infant. Nurses have been hesitant to begin massage therapy for fear of overstimulating the infant and because there has been insufficient research to prove its safety. Recent research, however, has ...
Ho L Y - - 2003
The threatened birth of an extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) and gestational age infant presents complex medical, social and ethical issues for the family and the health professionals. Improved survival may be accompanied by increased risks of chronic medical problems and neurodevelopmental disabilities. It is difficult to define "how small is too small" ...
Morrell Julian - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the early processes involved in the development of symptoms of conduct disorder and hyperactivity. METHOD: The study employed a prospective design, over a period from 2 months to 8 years. Detailed observational data of early and later mother-child interactions were collected, infant prefrontal function (the A ...
Preyde Michele - - 2003
Very preterm birth (< 30 weeks' gestation) is a stressful event for parents, and few support interventions for these parents have been evaluated. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of parent-to-parent peer support for mothers of very preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). In this cohort ...
Hughes Patricia - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parents are attached to their unborn children, and loss around the time of birth is a serious trauma. Parental grief is a normal response, and may last for many months. Clinicians have always sought to implement practices that will help recovery, and for a generation, have advocated ...
Secco M Loretta - - 2003
This longitudinal study compared infant care competence, infant temperament, and parenting stress of younger (less than 17 years) and older (greater than or equal to 17 years) adolescent mothers. Relationships were examined between situational, maternal infant care competence, and infant temperament. Staged multiple regression was used to quantify the role ...
Herman-Giddens Marcia E - - 2003
CONTEXT: Interest in the discarding or killing of newborns by parents has increased due to wide news coverage and efforts by states to provide Safe Haven legislation to combat the problem. OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of these cases in North Carolina. DESIGN, SETTING, AND POPULATION: Case series derived from ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2003
The provision of maternal-infant body contact during a period of maternal separation was examined for its effects on parent-infant and triadic interactions. Participants were 146 three-month-old preterm infants and their parents, half of whom received skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo care (KC), in the neonatal nursery. Global relational style and micro-patterns ...
Karrass Jan - - 2003
This study examined the degree to which parental contextual factors and infant characteristics predicted whether parents read aloud to their 8-month-old infants. Discriminant function analysis revealed that mothers with higher family incomes and those who reported less parenting stress and fewer general hassles were more likely to read to their ...
Franck Linda S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Active parent involvement in caring for their infants in the neonatal care unit is thought to improve parent-infant attachment and to moderate the psychological stress for parents, but few recent studies have examined parent visiting patterns and participation in infant caregiving. The study purposes were to describe the frequency ...
Zotter Heinz - - 2003
Apnea and cardiorespiratory home monitors are commonly used for electronic surveillance of infants. Frequent alarms can be very stressful for parents and lead to unnecessarily prolonged home monitoring. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency and type of significant events by using short-term home event recordings of ...
Elek Susan M - - 2003
The purpose of this follow-up study was to examine the effect of infant sex on changes in and differences between parents' reports of infant care self-efficacy and parenting and marital satisfaction from 4 months to 12 months after the birth of their first child. A convenience sample of 32 couples ...
Kuitunen Markku T - - 2003
The impact of dense traffic on the breeding success in pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca) was studied using roadside nest-boxes. Nest site selection and breeding success of flycatchers were observed in relation to the distance from the road. The number of occupied territories was no higher closer to the road than ...
Ruppen W - - 2003
We report a 3-month-old boy who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. During resuscitation, the medical team was informed that he was receiving hydrocortisone treatment. The possibility of adrenal insufficiency with hyperkalemic cardiac arrest prompted the administration of calcium, which resulted in the return of spontaneous circulation. The infant's diagnosis of ...
Volling Brenda L - - 2002
One-year-old infants (N = 62) and their mothers and fathers were observed in free play and teaching sessions in order to examine parents' emotional availability and the infant's emotional competence. Mothers were more emotionally available than fathers, and infants exhibited more effortful attention with mothers than with fathers. Similar relations ...
Dettling Andrea C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We describe a successful demonstration that repeated early deprivation of parental care (ED), as used to study effects of early life stress in rats, can be performed in a primate and that it constitutes an early life stressor. METHODS: Seven breeding pairs of marmoset monkeys each provided control twins ...
Fleming Alison S - - 2002
To determine the responsiveness of new fathers and non-fathers toward infant cues, we exposed fathers and non-fathers to infant cries and to control stimuli and we measured affective, heart-rate, and endocrine responses, including salivary testosterone and cortisol and plasma prolactin concentrations prior to and after cry presentations. We found that ...
Don N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the effectiveness of an individualized multidisciplinary residential programme for managing young unsettled infants and whether changes in unsettled behaviour were maintained. METHODS: One hundred and nine clients of a Tresillian residential unit with singleton infants aged less than 20 weeks were studied before, during and after intervention. ...
Fieguth A - - 2002
The jurisdiction of the Hannover Institute of Legal Medicine recently experienced an unusually high incidence of lethal child neglect, with three cases in a 5-month period in 1999. Case 1: A girl received an inappropriate and inadequate diet of tea and oatmeal. The child was never breastfed, nor did it ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2002
The incidence of SIDS has decreased by 40% since the Back to Sleep campaign was initiated. However, the rate of SIDS in the District of Columbia continues to be approximately double the national rate. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of prone sleeping among ...
Vigil Debra C - - 2002
Recent intervention for young children has included parent training. The premise for this training is based in research on parent-child interaction. However, these studies have focused on white, middle-class families. More recent research suggests that not all cultures follow the same pattern. This study explored the relationship between attention regulation, ...
Larizza Daniela - - 2002
We investigated a possible influence on birth weight in Turner's syndrome of many clinical, hormonal, genetic and immunogenetic variables. We considered 97 patients with Turner's syndrome. Patients with parents with identical GM (Gamma heavy chains Marker) phenotype had a significantly lower birth weight than those with parents with different GM ...
Huizink Anja C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in a prospective study, whether maternal stress during pregnancy is related to infant temperament. METHOD: Self-report data on various aspects of prenatal stress were collected from nulliparous women in early pregnancy. Infant temperament was measured at 3 and 8 months by direct observation and by parent report. ...
White Carol - - 2002
The authors sought to apply evidence from research to nursing practice. Research about infant states, cues, and behaviors was presented to a birthing center nursing staff and expectant parent class instructors. Posttest results indicated that the staff's knowledge and skill in interpreting infant behavior for parents increased after an educational ...
Montague Diane R F - - 2002
The roles of person familiarity and parental involvement in 3.5-month-old infants' sensitivity to the dynamic emotion expressions of others were explored. In the home, parental facial/vocal expressions (happy, sad, angry) were videotaped, and measures of parent-infant involvement were obtained. In the laboratory, 32 infants alternately viewed their mother and father ...
Rhodes Julia C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In June 2000, Oregon implemented a citizen-initiated ballot measure that grants adult adoptees access to their birth records, which contain their birth parents' identifying information. Because other states are considering similar policy changes, the authors explored whether Oregon's new law is meeting the information needs of adoptees. METHODS: Birth ...
McMahon Catherine - - 2002
Infertility and its treatment are increasingly viewed as public issues as well as a private concern. Treatments such as IVF draw on public resources and pose psychological and ethical dilemmas for the community. The current paper integrates findings from a prospective longitudinal study that assessed the quality of parenting in ...
Räihä H - - 2002
METHOD: We studied mother-infant, father-infant and mother-father interaction in 32 families with an excessively crying infant and in 30 control families. The group with excessive criers was divided further into subgroups of severe colic (n=13) and moderate colic (n=19). The three dyads of the family were video-recorded when the infants ...
Amsel Shlomo - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the compliance of parents in purchasing iron-containing drugs for their infants. In addition, we looked for possible socioeconomic characteristics of the parents who prevent their infants from accessing these medications. DESIGN: All infants (4-12 months) whose parents bought (from January to August 1999 and from January to ...
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