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Hitzert Marrit M MM Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
Background: High-dose dexamethasone (DXM) treatment of preterms at risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia leads to a deterioration in quality of their general movements (GMs). It is unknown whether low-dose DXM affects GM quality similarly. Objectives: To assess the effect of low-dose DXM treatment on the quality of GMs and fidgety GMs ...
Finocchario-Kessler Sarah S aUniversity of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Family Medicine, Kansas City, Kansas bGlobal Health Innovations, Kansas City, Missouri, USA cKenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya dHealth Services and Outcomes Research, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri eTexas Children's Microbiome Center, Department of Pathology, Texas Children's Hospital fDepartment of Pathology & Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine gHealth Empowering Humanity, Houston, Texas, USA hKenya Ministries of Health, National AIDS and STI Control Programme, Nairobi, Kenya iUniversity of Kansas, Department of Global Studies, Lawrence, Kansas jDepartment of Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the HIV Infant Tracking System (HITSystem) for quality improvement of early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV services. This observational pilot study compared 12 months of historical preintervention EID outcomes at one urban and one peri-urban government hospital in Kenya ...
Brady Karen - - 2014
Immediate skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn has been associated with successful breastfeeding outcomes. One of the challenges nurses face in promoting skin-to-skin occurs in the operating room during a cesarean delivery. Utilizing an interprofessional approach for this quality improvement project, we successfully implemented skin-to-skin contact for all ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is issuing a final rule that adopts, with some modifications, the interim final rule (IFR) entitled "Current Good Manufacturing Practices, Quality Control Procedures, Quality Factors, Notification Requirements, and Records and Reports, for Infant Formula'' (February 10, 2014). This final rule affirms the ...
Obladen Michael M Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Background: Industrialization and urbanization jeopardized infant nutrition during the 19th century. Cow's milk was produced in the cities or transported long distances under suspect conditions. Milk was contaminated with bacteria or adulterated with water, flour, chalk and other substances. When distilleries proliferated in the metropoles, their waste slop was fed ...
Symanski Elaine E Division of Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX, USA, - - 2014
It remains unclear when the fetus is most susceptible to the effects of particulate air pollution. We conducted a population-based study in a large urban area to evaluate associations between preterm birth (PTB) and fetal growth and exposures to fine particles (PM2.5) during narrow periods of gestation. We identified 177,816 ...
Evans Tracey T Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, The School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia; School of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Queensland, Australia; Perinatal Research Centre, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To systematically review the efficacy of parenting interventions in improving the quality of the relationship between mothers and preterm infants. Randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials (RCT) of parenting interventions for mothers of preterm infants where mother-infant relationship quality outcomes were reported. Databases searched: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ...
Kim Bo-Ram - - 2013
Mothers' depressive symptoms, coparenting quality, maternal and infant sleep, and infant temperament during infants' first 6 months were examined as predictors of mothers' emotional availability (EA) at bedtime with their infants at 9 months. Maternal EA was assessed from video recordings of mother-infant interactions. Whereas mother-reported coparenting quality was both ...
Roescher A M AM Division of Neonatology, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
The placenta plays a crucial role during pregnancy and dysfunction causes long-term neurological problems. Identifying placenta-related risks for neurological problems shortly after birth may provide clues for early interventions aiming to improve neurological outcome. To determine the association between placental pathology and neurological morbidity in preterm infants during the first ...
Spangler Gottfried - - 2013
This paper explores the interplay of maternal sensitivity (or, more generally, the quality of the caregiving social environment) and infant individual dispositions in predicting infant-mother attachment. After a brief theoretical introduction, the focus turns to studies conducted during the 1980s that predicted attachment security vs. insecurity at 12 months from ...
Li Yanqi - - 2013
For preterm neonates, the quality of the first milk is crucial for intestinal maturation and resistance to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Among other factors, milk quality is determined by the stage of lactation and processing. We hypothesized that unprocessed mature bovine milk (BM, raw bovine milk) would have less bioactivity than ...
Yaseen Al-Abdi Sameer - - 2013
Abstract Commenting on article titled "Intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants - Can we improve outcome by addressing coagulation?" by Kuperman A. et al.
Adams Mark - - 2013
We describe the setup of a neonatal quality improvement tool and list which peer-reviewed requirements it fulfils and which it does not. We report on the so-far observed effects, how the units can identify quality improvement potential, and how they can measure the effect of changes made to improve quality. ...
Gould J B - - 2013
Objective:To develop a strategy to assess the quality of neonatal transport based on change in neonatal condition during transport.Study Design:The Canadian Transport Risk Index of Physiologic Stability (TRIPS) score was optimized for a California (Ca) population using data collected on 21 279 acute neonatal transports, 2007 to 2009, using models predicting ...
Trembath Andrea N - - 2013
Most premature infants born in the United States each year are classified as either moderately preterm (MPT) or late preterm (LPT) infants. Unnecessary variation in care and lack of evidence-based practices may contribute to the morbidities of prematurity. Quality-improvement (QI) initiatives designed for neonates have primarily focused on extremely low-gestational-age ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2013
A primary goal of the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth was to improve data quality, in part by improving data sources, definitions, and instructions. This report evaluates the quality of selected medical and health data from the 2003 revision of the birth certificate by comparing ...
Fraser Debbie - - 2013
I AM WRITING THIS EDITORIAL AFTER JUST RETURNING FROM a conference highlighting an exciting evidence-based project headed by Dr. Shoo Lee from Toronto. Fondly known as EPIQ (Evidence-Based Practice for Improving Quality), this multiyear, multisite study funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research uses benchmarking and a process of ...
Azak Schale - - 2013
This study investigated trajectories of maternal parenting behavior across the infants' first 18 months of life in relation to maternal depression. Furthermore, predictors of the quality of the mother-infant relationship at 18 months were examined. Participants consisted of three types of mother-infant dyads: mothers with comorbid depression and anxiety (n=19), ...
Schaffer Linda - - 2013
Mothers of preterm infants are at risk for poor sleep quality, which may adversely affect their health, maternal-infant attachment, and infant caretaking activities. This study examined the relationship of an 8-week relaxation guided imagery intervention on sleep quality and the association between sleep quality and maternal distress (perceived stress, depressive ...
Hudon Tamara M - - 2013
Previous research examining the relationship between television viewing and vocabulary has produced mixed findings that indicate the quality of television exposure may impact language development more than quantity. However, few infant or toddler studies have included both quality and quantity measures and no study has done so with bilinguals. Caregivers ...
Laxman Daniel J - - 2013
This investigation explored how parent personality and infant temperament were associated with the development and stability of coparenting over the first 3 years of life. We examined the stability of supportive and undermining coparenting from 13 months to 3 years and whether infant difficult temperament moderated the stability of coparenting. ...
Cottrell Erika Barth - - 2013
Mother-to-infant transmission is the leading cause of childhood hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, with up to 4000 new cases each year in the United States. To evaluate effects of mode of delivery, labor management strategies, and breastfeeding practices on risk for mother-to-infant transmission of HCV. MEDLINE (1947 to May 2012), ...
Akula V P - - 2012
Objective:To evaluate cooling practices and neonatal outcomes in the state of California during 2010 using the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative and California Perinatal Transport System databases.Study Design:Database analysis to determine the perinatal and neonatal demographics and outcomes of neonates cooled in transport or after admission to a cooling center.Result:Of ...
McDaniel Brandon T - - 2012
The transition to parenthood can be stressful for new parents, as parents must learn to take on new roles and responsibilities. Sleep disruption-which has been linked in prior research to parent distress and fatigue-is common in the early months. The current study is the first to our knowledge to examine ...
Martin Philip S - - 2012
Poor survivability following infant cardiac arrest has been attributed to poor quality chest compressions. Current infant CPR manikins, used to teach and revise chest compression technique, appear to limit maximum compression depths (CDmax) to 40mm. This study evaluates the effect of a more "physiological" CDmax on chest compression quality and ...
Kutschmann Marcus - - 2012
In Germany, controversy currently surrounds the contention that the quality of care for preterm infants weighing less than 1250 g is best assured by requiring that centers treat a minimum of 30 such cases per year. A risk-adjusted model was developed on the basis of neonatal data from 7405 preterm ...
van Vonderen Jeroen J - - 2012
Aim:  To give new insights into how an infant responded to naloxone, given after acquiring a maternal opiate by recording the breathing pattern directly after birth. Method:  A respiratory recording is presented of an infant during resuscitation in the delivery room after receiving naloxone for respiratory depression, resulting from maternal ...
Penela Elizabeth C - - 2012
Temperament works in combination with a child's environment to influence early socioemotional development. We examined whether maternal caregiving behavior at infant age 9 months moderated the relation between infant temperamental fear (9 months) and observations of children's social behavior with an unfamiliar peer at age 2 in a typically-developing sample ...
Ronzio Cynthia R - - 2012
Little is known about how maternal sleep disturbances in the postpartum period affect mother-infant interaction. The study was designed to assess if less maternal sleep disturbance and less fatigue were associated with more positive mother-child interaction, independent of maternal depression symptoms. Twenty-three mothers completed 1 week of actigraphy and self-report ...
Stoll Claude - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Infants with anophthalmia and microphthalmia frequently have other associated congenital anomalies. The reported frequency and types of associated malformations vary among different studies. METHODS: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the frequency and types of associated malformations among infants with anophthalmia and microphthalmia in a geographically well ...
de Graag Jolien A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the coupling of the biological system of infant sleep and the social system of mother-infant synchrony. Before birth and shortly after birth the systems appear to be connected, but it is unclear whether this remains the case over time. This study therefore ...
Gong Xin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce a method of presurgical maxillary molding using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping in infants with bilateral cleft lip and palate. STUDY DESIGN: Seven infants (4 male and 3 female with overall mean age of 7 days) with bilateral cleft lip and ...
Abrahams Ron - - 2012
The sixth Ivey Chair Symposium, held at the University of Western Ontario in October 2011, was dedicated to an update on the complex issues surrounding opioid dependent mothers and their newborns. The day commenced with Loretta Finnegan who provided a historical overview of the complex issues surrounding the addicted mother ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2012
Decreases below the target temperature were noted among neonates undergoing cooling in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network Trial of whole body hypothermia for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. To examine the temperature profile and impact on outcome among ≥ 36 wk gestation ...
Braswell Leah E - - 2011
The most common venous access procedure performed in children and infants is the peripherally inserted central catheter, or "PICC." Placement of a PICC affords patients stable long-term venous access for medication administration and blood draws. The Interventional Radiology team faces particular challenges in the placement and management of these catheters ...
Yang Frank F - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral hearing loss has been commonly reported in children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCLP) but few studies have provided information about central auditory nervous system (CANS) functioning for this group. The main objective of this study was to explore CANS functioning in infants with NSCLP through analysis ...
Klatte J Michael - - 2012
Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus, previously known as Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2, is known to cause multiple infectious complications, including bacterial meningitis, in adults. Only sporadic individual case reports have identified this pathogen as a cause of meningitis in infants. This study is the first to longitudinally document S. gallolyticus subsp. ...
- - 2011
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve ...
Kramer Michael S - - 2012
In 2009, the Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity and Stillbirth Conference charged the authors to propose a new comprehensive, consistent, and uniform classification system for preterm birth. This first article reviews issues related to measurement of gestational age, clinical vs etiologic phenotypes, inclusion vs exclusion of multifetal and stillborn infants, ...
Hayward Christina E - - 2012
Teenagers have an increased risk of delivering small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Young maternal age and continued skeletal growth have been implicated as causal factors. In growing adolescent sheep, impaired placental development and nutrient transfer cause reduced birth weight. In human pregnancies, SGA is associated with reduced placental amino acid transport. Maternal ...
Dai Li - - 2011
Birth defects are a global public health problem because of their large contribution to infant mortalities and disabilities. It is estimated that 4%-6% of Chinese newborns are affected by birth defects every year. Surveillance is a basic approach to understanding the occurrence and associated factors of birth defects. The Ministry ...
Kuperman Amir A - - 2011
It has long been considered that a severe coagulation deficiency in premature newborns could be a major contributing factor in the occurrence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). High-grade IVH has also been shown to coincide with severe derangement of coagulation in extremely low birth weight infants. This review focuses on the ...
Balaha Magdy Hassan - - 2011
Objective: There is no research on the predictors of birth defects in Al Ahsa Governorate in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. The aim of this research was to detect the predictors of isolated structural birth defects in live births. Methods: We conducted this study from April 2006 to 2010. ...
Chang Brent A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation, typically attributed to sepsis, has been repeatedly linked to adverse long-term outcomes in infants born prematurely. However, it is unclear whether other factors can contribute to potentially harmful systemic inflammatory responses. OBJECTIVE: To determine the timing and extent of systemic inflammation occurring in absence of infection in ...
Laurent Heidemarie K - - 2011
This study investigated continuity and stability of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) response measures in mother-infant dyads across 2 different types of social stress sessions. Synchrony of response trajectories across systems (SNS-HPA coordination) and partners (mother-infant attunement) was addressed, as were associations with infant temperament. Primiparous mothers and ...
Bhutta Adnan T - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Infants are potentially more susceptible to cell death mediated via glutamate excitotoxicity attributed to cardiopulmonary bypass. We hypothesized that ketamine, via N-methyl D-aspartate receptor blockade and anti-inflammatory effects, would reduce central nervous system injury during cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS:: We randomized 24 infants, without chromosomal abnormalities, to receive ketamine (2 ...
Allen Marilee C - - 2011
Over the last 50 years in the United States a rising preterm birth rate, a progressive decrease in preterm mortality, and a lowering of the limit of viability have made preterm birth a significant public health problem. Neuromaturation, the functional development of the central nervous system (CNS), is a dynamic ...
Say L - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Say L, Chou D. Better understanding of maternal deaths-the new WHO cause classification system. BJOG 2011;118 (Suppl. 2):15-17.
Yang Frank Feng - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To investigate possible structural abnormalities of the central auditory pathway in infants with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P). Participants: Twenty seven Chinese infants with NSCL/P, aged from 6 to 24 months. Intervention: Morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of the central auditory nervous system (CANS) in infants ...
Widziszowska Agnieszka - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, primary subarachnoid hemorrhage in term newborns as well as periventricular leukomalacia and intraventricular hemorrhage in premature newborns are the major consequences of perinatal asphyxia. Intrauterine hypoxia and labor prolongation can also affect the hearing organ in newborns causing reversible or irreversible changes in the cochlea, brainstem or ...
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