Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 495
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McCowan L M E - - 2010
To identify clinical and ultrasound variables associated with the birth of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants by customised centiles, subclassified according to whether their mothers were normotensive or developed hypertensive complications. Prospective, multicentre cohort study. Participating centres of the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study in Auckland, New Zealand, Adelaide, Australia, Manchester ...
Onyiriuka A N AN Department of Child Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. - - 2010
Twin gestations are commonly associated with delivery of low birthweight infants. Despite the fact that Nigeria has the highest incidence of twinning in the world, there is paucity of information on the characteristics of LBW twin infants in Nigeria. To determine the incidence and document some of the characteristics of ...
Jaiswal Ashish - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To compare early neonatal morbidity (within first 7 days of life) in late preterm infants with term infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. Subjects: All live inborn late preterm infants (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks) and term infants (37 0/7 weeks to 41 6/7 weeks). OUTCOME: Any of ...
Talge Nicole M - - 2010
Late-preterm birth (34-36 weeks' gestation) has been associated with a risk for long-term cognitive and socioemotional problems. However, many studies have not incorporated measures of important contributors to these outcomes, and it is unclear whether effects attributed to gestational age are separate from fetal growth or its proxy, birth weight ...
Schnadower David - - 2010
There is limited evidence from which to derive guidelines for the management of febrile infants aged 29 to 60 days with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Most such infants are hospitalized for ≥48 hours. Our objective was to derive clinical prediction models to identify febrile infants with UTIs at very low ...
Boghossian Nansi S NS University of Iowa Health Care, Department of Pediatrics, 200 Hawkins Dr, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2010
Our objective was to compare survival and neonatal morbidity rates between very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with Down syndrome (DS) and VLBW infants with non-DS chromosomal anomalies, nonchromosomal birth defects (BDs), and no chromosomal anomaly or major BD. Data were collected prospectively for infants weighing 401 to 1500 g ...
Morisset M - - 2011
Background/Objectives:To determine the impact of a not hydrolyzed fermented infant formula containing heat-killed Bifidobacterium breve C50 and Streptococcus thermophilus 065 (HKBBST) on the incidence of allergy-like events during the first 2 years of life in children at high risk of atopy.Subjects/Methods:This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled study included infants at high ...
Lundgren E Maria - - 2011
Background/Aims: To study the association between preterm birth and adult intellectual performance, with special emphasis on the influence of postnatal growth. Methods: A population-based cohort study was performed on 272,046 males, born between 1973 and 1978, of whom 248,447 were conscripted for military service between 1991 and 1997. Birth characteristics ...
Parikh R - - 2011
Introduction Prolongation of the QT interval is a risk factor for sudden death. Methadone treatment is a well-recognised cause of QT interval lengthening in adults. The effect of maternal methadone treatment on the QT interval of the newborn infant is not known. This is the first prospective study of corrected ...
Davis Robert L - - 2010
PURPOSE: Calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers (BBs) are widely used during pregnancy, but data on their safety for the developing infant are scarce. We used population-based data from 5 HMOs to study risks for perinatal complications and congenital defects among infants exposed in-utero. METHODS: We studied women older than 15 ...
Davis Robert L RL Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Georgia, Southeast, Atlanta, Georgia 30305, USA. - - 2011
Calcium channel blockers and beta-blockers (BBs) are widely used during pregnancy, but data on their safety for the developing infant are scarce. We used population-based data from 5 HMOs to study risks for perinatal complications and congenital defects among infants exposed in-utero. We studied women older than 15 years delivering ...
Melamed Nir - - 2011
We sought to compare neonatal outcome in cases of uncomplicated preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) (ie, no evidence of clinical chorioamnionitis, placental abruption, or fetal distress) with that of spontaneous preterm deliveries (PTDs) and to determine the effect of the latency period. The study group included women with PPROM ...
Ota Erika - - 2011
To examine the association between gestational weight gain and maternal body mass index (BMI) among Vietnamese women and the risk of delivering an infant too small or too large for gestational age. A prospective health-facility-based study of 2989 pregnant Vietnamese women was conducted in the city of Nha Trang in ...
Botelho Fernanda Alves - - 2010
Hearing impairment is prevalent in the general population; early intervention facilitates proper development. To establish the prevalence of hearing impairment in infants at risk, born between June 2006 and July 2008, and to correlate the variables with hearing loss. descriptive and cross-sectional. 188 newborns were evaluated using evoked otoacoustic emissions ...
Salehidobakhshari Mehrnaz - - 2010
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between breech presentation at term (>/= 37 weeks of gestation) and maternal thyroid hormone activity in early gestation. Methods: We conducted a case-control study of thyroid hormone activity in 179 women who delivered a live term infant in breech presentation (cases) and 849 women who ...
Ojule J D - - 2010
Macrosomic babies are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome and therefore constitute a high risk group of neonates and the incidence appears to be rising. The objective was to determine the incidence of fetal macrosomia, and the perinatal outcome of macrosomic babies, compare with matched term, appropriate weight neonates ...
Bhatt D R - - 2010
Hypothermia remains a significant challenge in the initial care of premature infants. Although a number of prevention strategies have been identified, hypothermia is still a common event, especially in extremely low birth weight infants. Using data from four centers, we documented an incidence of hypothermia on admission to the neonatal ...
Jung Yu Jin - - 2010
Testicular torsion is rare in newborn infants. However, its frequency has increased, most of which are reported in full-term infants. We diagnosed and treated testicular torsion in an extremely low birth weight infant (ELBWI). A 2×2 cm red mass was palpable in the left groin of a 24-week-old, 745 g, ...
Taksande Amar - - 2010
To study the incidence of congenital anomalies and the associated risk factors in Department of Pediatrics at Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, Wardha, a rural medical college hospital in central Maharashtra. All the intramural deliveries between 1 January 2005 and 31 July 2007 comprised 9386 births and their ...
Lima João Antonio Bonfadini - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of and the risk factors for wheezing in infants under one year of age and residing in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional study and is part of a multicenter, multinational project. The parents or legal guardians of the infants were interviewed ...
Sherman Michael P MP University of Missouri, Department of Child Health, Children's Hospital, 404 Keene Street, Neonatology Suite 206, Columbia, MO 65201, USA. - - 2010
Bacterial translocation from the gastrointestinal tract is an important pathway initiating late-onset sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in very low-birth-weight infants. The emerging intestinal microbiota, nascent intestinal epithelia, naive immunity, and suboptimal nutrition (lack of breast milk) have roles in facilitating bacterial translocation. Feeding lactoferrin, probiotics, or prebiotics has presented exciting ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2011
Mann JR, McDermott S, Griffith MI, Hardin J, Gregg A. Uncovering the complex relationship between pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and cerebral palsy. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2010. Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of preterm birth, which is strongly associated with cerebral palsy (CP). However, there is controversy about whether pre-eclampsia is ...
Passariello Annalisa - - 2010
The prevalence and severity of atopic manifestations in children are increasing in western countries in the last decades. Specific nutritional intervention may prevent or delay the onset of atopic diseases in infants at high risk of developing allergy. These nutritional interventions should be applied early in the perinatal period to ...
Gentner Dedre - - 2010
Human cognition is striking in its brilliance and its adaptability. How do we get that way? How do we move from the nearly helpless state of infants to the cognitive proficiency that characterizes adults? In this paper I argue, first, that analogical ability is the key factor in our prodigious ...
Africa Charlene W J - - 2010
Reports show that more than 20 million infants world-wide are born prematurely with 95% of all pre-term births occurring in developing countries. Oral colonization of gram-negative anaerobes has been implicated as a risk factor for preterm delivery of low birth weight infants. This study comprised 200 women admitted to the ...
Saini Rajiv - - 2010
Periodontitis is a destructive inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth and is caused by specific microorganisms or group of specific microorganisms. The association of periodontal infection with organ systems like cardiovascular system, endocrine system, reproductive system, and respiratory system makes periodontal infection a complex multiphase disease. Inflamed ...
Pendleton Courtney - - 2010
A review of the Johns Hopkins Hospital surgical records from 1896 to 1912 revealed a case from 1908 wherein Dr. Harvey Cushing attempted to treat hydrocephalus in a 4-month-old infant by constructing a shunt for which he used a venous segment harvested from the patient's father. Prior to this procedure, ...
Khandekar Rajiv - - 2010
In 2003, the Omani Ministry of Health Child Health Care Program initiated a national Birth Defects (BD) Register. This paper reviews the magnitude and risk factors of birth defects in children born and registered in 2005 using data from the BD Register. Pediatricians and neonatologists examined children with BDs found ...
Deibert P - - 2010
Probiotics exert distinct effects on the intestinal mucosa and the immune system that can be used in preventive and therapeutic settings. There is evidence to support the use of probiotics in necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants and pouchitis. Furthermore, the immunomodulatory effects of probiotics seem to ameliorate atopic diseases, in ...
Nakao A - - 2010
The increasing prevalence of allergic diseases in infants and children as well as adults has become an important issue in public health in industrial countries. However, few preventive measures are available to reduce the risk of allergic diseases in infants; e.g. the avoidance of smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy ...
Alter Markus - - 2010
Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is the most common perinatal respiratory disorder. It was suggested that the pathogenesis of TTN might involve altered activity of female sex hormones. This study analyzed whether the PROGINS progesterone receptor polymorphism, which is less responsive to progesterone, is associated with TTN. A cohort ...
Smart Kelly A - - 2010
Acquisition costs of palivizumab have increased in Canada since 2007. This analysis aims to re-evaluate the cost effectiveness of palivizumab in Canada for premature infants born between 32 and 35 weeks' gestational age using updated 2010 healthcare costs compared to those used in a 2007 decision analytic model. New costs ...
Heyborne Kent - - 2010
Cerebral palsy occurs in three to four infants per 1000 live births. Preterm birth prior to 34 weeks' gestation is a major risk factor. Five randomized controlled trials of antenatal magnesium sulfate (MgSO(4)) found a trend of reduced risk of cerebral palsy and mortality in preterm infants. Three meta-analyses using ...
Shrestha S R - - 2010
Still birth is a common adverse outcome of pregnancy, associated with many risk factors like prematurity, infection, birth injury, eclamptic disorders. A hospital based, retrospective study was conducted at Patan Hospital in the year 2064. The number of still births and their associated risk factors were assessed. There were three ...
Van Norstrand David W - - 2010
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major contributor to postneonatal infant death, and is the third leading cause of infant mortality in the USA. While public health efforts have reduced these deaths in recent years, the pathogenesis of SIDS remains unclear. Epidemiological data on SIDS-related deaths have suggested genetic ...
Abike Faruk - - 2010
We aimed to develop a new scale for evaluating risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborn infants, from admission to discharge of the expectant mother. Our study was prepared in accordance with Failure Modes and Effects Analysis criteria. The risks and preventive measures for in-hospital falls of newborns ...
Heinonen Kati - - 2010
It remains unclear whether it is more detrimental to be born too early or too small in relation to symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Thus, we tested whether preterm birth and small body size at birth adjusted for gestational age are independently associated with symptoms of ADHD in children. ...
Nascimento Milena Siciliano - - 2010
To determine the viruses and risk factors associated with hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in infants with acute bronchiolitis. Bronchiolitis is a major cause of morbidity in infants. Widespread use of molecular-based methods has yielded new insights about its etiology, but the impact of viral etiologies on early ...
Vael Carl - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of the intestinal microbiota occurs primarily during infancy, and a distortion could potentially contribute to a wide range of diseases. This review summarizes the current understanding of the intestinal microbiota in infants. The potential consequences of different colonization patterns on child health and possible preventive ...
Grobusch Martin P - - 2009
In the context of a trial studying intermittent preventive sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine treatment of malaria in infants in Lambaréné, Gabon, children aged 18-30 months were followed up after having received their last dose at an age of 15 months. In the intention-to-treat population, the protective efficacy against all malaria episodes was -18.0 ...
Samson L - - 2009
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in young children, with significant numbers of premature infants and those with other risk factors requiring hospitalization in Canada each year. Palivizumab, an RSV-specific monoclonal antibody, can reduce the hospitalization rate and severity of illness for ...
Sciscione Anthony C - - 2010
Activity restriction is 1 of the most common interventions used in obstetrics. Although it is used for many reasons, 1 of the most common is to prevent preterm birth in those at risk. This review of the literature describes the potential advantages, disadvantages, and efficacy of activity restriction for the ...
Vincent Janice L - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to describe measures used to prevent abduction of infants from healthcare facilities. According to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, 122 infants were abducted from hospitals between 1983 and 2008; characteristics of the abductors have been found to be similar in the ...
Rebagliati Victoria - - 2009
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause serious invasive illness, mainly in certain well-defined high-risk groups, including elderly and immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, newborns and infants. L. monocytogenes primarily causes abortion, septicemia or meningitis. Contaminated meats (such as hot dogs, delicatessen meats and patiota), dairy products and seafood ...
Whitfield Jonathan M - - 2009
The approach to preventing meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in the newborn has changed markedly over the last 30 years. In the late 1970s, all infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAf) had upper-airway suctioning before delivery of the shoulders and then had tracheal intubation and suctioning in the delivery room. ...
Roggensack Anne - - 2009
To provide clinician direction that is based on the best evidence available on suctioning at the perineum for infants born with meconium stained amniotic fluid. The Medline database was searched for articles published in English from 2000 to 2008 on the topic of management of meconium at birth. The recommendation ...
Slining Meghan M - - 2009
Prospective studies linking infant temperament, or behavioral style, to infant body composition are lacking. In this longitudinal study (3 to 18 months), we seek to examine the associations between two dimensions of infant temperament (distress to limitations and activity level) and two anthropometric indicators (weight-for-length z-scores (WLZ) and skin fold ...
Kucuker Hudaverdi - - 2009
Endosulfan is an organochlorine pesticide. It is banned in the USA and Europe, but use is unrestricted for insect control. Endosulfan causes many intentional and unintentional toxicities in developing countries and in Turkey. Acute exposure to endosulfan has rarely been reported in deaths due to ingestion. Here, a fatality of ...
Friedman Robert J - - 2009
Dysplastic nevi have become an increasing focus clinically, with evidence that they are associated with a higher risk of developing melanoma. However, there still is contention regarding the significance of dysplastic nevi. This contribution provides an overview of the history, epidemiology, genetics, clinical and histologic features, and procedures for clinical ...
Lamont Ronald F - - 2009
Abstract In a risk/benefit analysis, currently the use of PAs used in women with a previous history of PTB appears to be worthwhile though the impact on the PTB rate may be minor since 80-90% of women who deliver preterm have no past history. PTB is a heterogeneous condition. With ...
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