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Results 151 - 200 of 495
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van Wezel-Meijler Gerda - - 2011
Purpose: To elucidate whether echogenicity (EG) of the basal ganglia and thalami (BGT) represents a physiologic phenomenon in preterm neonates (<32 weeks gestation). Materials and Methods: The study was approved by the medical ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from the parents. Sequential neonatal cranial ultrasonographic (US) images obtained ...
Kaempf J W - - 2011
Objective:Strategies to reduce Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) have focused primarily on respiratory management. Hyperglycemia (HG) and insulin use, risk factors for adult diabetic retinopathy, as well as growth rates may be modifiable variables useful to reduce ROP.Study Design:This was a retrospective chart review of all infants born at <30 weeks ...
Bassareo Pier Paolo - - 2011
Background. The survival rate for extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants born preterm is on an increasing upward trend, despite the possibility of neuro-cerebral consequences in later life. To date, scarce information is available on the effect of extreme prematurity on cardiovascular system. Aim. To verify the presence of standard echocardiographic and ...
Cole F Sessions - - 2011
Premature birth is a major public health problem in the United States and internationally. Infants born at or before 32 weeks' gestation (2% of all births in the United States in 2007) are at extremely high risk for death in the neonatal period or for pulmonary, visual, and neurodevelopmental morbidities ...
Reid Vincent M - - 2011
This study examines the electrophysiological correlates of dyadic interaction in 14-month-old infants. Infants were presented with three conditions of live stimuli. A baseline condition involved the observation of moving geometric shapes. In a second condition the infant observed an adult performing movements that were not in reference to the infant ...
Elefsiniotis Ioannis S - - 2011
The spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) rates in a group of HBeAg-negative chronic HBV infected pregnant women without several known risk factors for preterm delivery as well as the mother to infant HBV transmission rates was evaluated. Moreover the role of maternal data during perinatal period as well as the role ...
Frenkel Nofrat - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to detect seizures by amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (EEG) (aEEG) as compared with conventional EEG (cEEG) by clinicians with different levels of expertise. METHODS: Simultaneous 10min aEEG/cEEG recordings were time-locked and assessed for seizure activity. aEEG was assessed by a neonatologist, a fellow and a medical student and ...
Hameed Numan Nafie - - 2011
Background: Severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, when unmonitored or untreated, can progress to acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE). Initiatives to prevent and eliminate post-icteric sequelae (kernicterus) are being implemented to allow for timely interventions for bilirubin reduction. Objectives: We report an observational study to determine the clinical risk factors and short-term outcomes of ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2011
Developing countries account for a disproportionate burden of infant hearing loss globally but the prospects of the more ideal universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) have been debated. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) of USA has consistently proposed targeted newborn hearing screening (TNHS) for such countries. This study therefore ...
Pinheiro Karen Amaral Tavares - - 2011
A cohort study was conducted with 397 women randomly selected from the Brazilian National System of Public Health, to describe the prevalence rates of infant sleep problems at 12-month of life, and its association with chronicity and severity of maternal depressive symptoms. Mothers were assessed, first, from the 9th to ...
Pawlik Dorota - - 2011
The retina contains rods and cones that have membranes highly enriched with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Infants born prematurely are at risk of DHA insufficiency, because they may not have benefited from a full third trimester of the mother's lipid stores. Moreover, within the first 2 to 3 weeks of life, ...
Chapman Derek A - - 2011
There is a growing recognition in maternal and child health of the importance of social, behavioral, biological, and genetic factors across the entire life course. Unfortunately, most state maternal and child health surveillance systems are not designed to readily address longitudinal research questions or track and follow children across multiple ...
Gu Mei-Hong - - 2011
Objective: To determine the risk factors and outcomes of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in infants with a birth weight of 1,501-2,000 g. Materials and Methods: Clinical characteristics and risk factors were compared and nonconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors for ROP. Results: There were 54 (9.8%) ...
Gover Ayala - - 2011
The rate of brain abnormalities in asymptomatic term neonates varies substantially in previous studies. Some of these rates may justify general screening of healthy newborns by head ultrasound (HUS). To assess the incidence of intracranial abnormalities among asymptomatic term newborns with HUS and to detect high-risk populations that might need ...
Ekure E N - - 2011
Background: The perinatal mortality rate remains an important indicator of maternal care and maternal health and nutrition, and also reflects the quality of obstetric and pediatric care available. The causes of most of the perinatal deaths are preventable, thus making it important to identify the risk factors in each health ...
Chien Edward K - - 2011
To evaluate the association between male sex and increased preterm birth (PTB) by race and ethnicity among singleton fetuses born in the United States. The 2002 National Center for Health Statistics Natality database was analyzed for known risk factors of PTB by fetal sex and race. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards ...
Nájera Nayelli - - 2011
Central hypotonic is one of the most difficult issues in neurology, ruling out neurogenetic syndromic causes is critical, Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) it is the most frequent genetic syndrome, it is caused by the loss of expression of the paternal allele in a group of imprinted genes within 15q11-q13, and is ...
Clark R H - - 2011
The ongoing epidemic of gastroschisis has created multiple challenges and continues to raise questions concerning the optimal management of these high-risk patients. Although the overall survival rate has increased over the past 3 decades, morbidity and mortality remain significant. The purpose of this study was to analyze the main factors ...
Holden Craig - - 2011
Background: Brownsville Action Community for Health Equality (BACHE) is a coalition-based, service system change pilot for African American and Puerto Rican women of Brownsville, a community within Brooklyn, New York, with disproportionately high rates of infant mortality. Objectives: Identify "lessons learned" from the implementation phase of a 5-year pilot project ...
Tharner Anne - - 2011
Attachment disorganization in infancy is a risk factor for behavior problems and other psychopathology. Traditionally the role of parental behavior for qualitative differences in early attachment relationships has been emphasized. However, disrupted infant-parent interactions only partly explain attachment disorganization. A complementary focus on child factors such as early differences in ...
Nugent J L - - 2011
The effect of media coverage of the London terrorist attacks on 7 July 2005 on pregnancy outcome in mothers living in the North Western region of England was assessed. Pregnant women exposed to media coverage of these attacks had infants with mean birth weight lowered by 16 g and increased risks ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Preterm birth (PTB) is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality, but the relationship between comorbidity and PTB by clinical subtype and severity of gestational age remains poorly understood. We evaluated associations between maternal comorbidities and PTB by clinical subtype and gestational age. We conducted a retrospective cohort study ...
Fabrizi L - - 2011
Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience. Since infants cannot verbally report their experiences, current methods of pain assessment are based on behavioural and physiological body reactions, such as crying, body movements or changes in facial expression. While these measures demonstrate that infants mount a response following noxious stimulation, ...
Libertus Melissa E - - 2011
Previous studies provide indirect evidence for an ontogenetically continuous Approximate-Number System. We employed a rapid steady-state visual-presentation paradigm combined with electroencephalography to measure stimulus-driven neural oscillatory responses to numerosities in infants and adults. Steady-state repetition of the same numerosity across a 2.4-sec time block yielded an increase in the stimulus-locked ...
Davey Mary-Ann - - 2011
Identification of pregnancies that are higher risk than average is important to allow the possibility of interventions aimed at preventing adverse outcomes like preterm birth. Many scoring systems designed to classify the risk of a number of poor pregnancy outcomes (e.g. perinatal mortality, low birthweight, and preterm birth) have been ...
Bosl William - - 2011
Complex neurodevelopmental disorders may be characterized by subtle brain function signatures early in life before behavioral symptoms are apparent. Such endophenotypes may be measurable biomarkers for later cognitive impairments. The nonlinear complexity of electroencephalography (EEG) signals is believed to contain information about the architecture of the neural networks in the ...
Ghirri Paolo - - 2011
The early identification of pre-lingual deafness is necessary to minimize the consequences of hearing impairment on the future communication skills of a baby. According to the most recent international guidelines the deafness diagnosis must occur before the age of three months and the prosthetic-rehabilitative treatment with a traditional hearing aid ...
Backes Carl H - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a multiorgan, heterogeneous disorder of pregnancy associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Optimal strategies in the care of the women with preeclampsia have not been fully elucidated, leaving physicians with incomplete data to guide their clinical decision making. Because preeclampsia is a progressive disorder, in ...
Dogba Maman - - 2011
Since 2001, a referral system has been operating in Kayes (Mali) to reduce maternal and perinatal deaths. Normal deliveries are managed in community health centers (CHC). Complicated cases are referred to a district health center (DHC) or the regional hospital (RH). Women with obstetric emergencies can directly access the DHC ...
Leonard Helen - - 2011
Research findings investigating the sociodemographics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been inconsistent and rarely considered the presence of intellectual disability (ID). We used population data on Western Australian singletons born from 1984 to 1999 (n = 398,353) to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children diagnosed with ASD with or ...
von Lindern Jeannette S - - 2011
The overall prevalence of thrombocytopenia in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units ranges from 22 to 35%. There are only a few small studies that outline the relationship between the severity of thrombocytopenia and the risk of bleeding. This makes it difficult to form an evidence-based threshold for platelet ...
Nelson Scott M - - 2011
The extent to which baseline couple characteristics affect the probability of live birth and adverse perinatal outcomes after assisted conception is unknown. We utilised the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority database to examine the predictors of live birth in all in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles undertaken in the UK between ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America. - - 2011
Latino children are at increased risk for mirconutrient deficiencies and problems of overweight and obesity. Exposures in pregnancy and early postpartum may impact future growth trajectories. To evaluate the relationship between prenatal and postnatal maternal depressive symptoms experienced in pregnancy and infant growth from birth to 2 years of age ...
Andrejevic A A Gynecological Clinic, Faculty of Medicine, Pristina-Kosovska Mitrovica. - - 2011
Multiparity as a medical and social problem has been drawing the attention of gynecologists in many countries, especially those with a tendency towards hyper populations, and simultaneously of clinicians in developed countries who want to examine and prevent all causes of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The aim of our research ...
Poehlmann Julie J Human Development and Family Studies, School of Human Ecology, Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53705, USA. - - 2011
This longitudinal study examined predictors of rates of growth in dyadic interaction quality in children born preterm who did not experience significant neurological findings during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization. Multiple methods were used to collect data from 120 preterm infants (48% girls, 52% boys) and their mothers. Infant ...
Checchia Paul A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES:: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of prophylaxis with palivizumab on mortality and morbidity associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants at high risk (≤35 wks of gestational age, chronic lung disease, or congenital heart disease). DATA SOURCES:: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Current ...
Walter Eric C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Some low birth weight survivors are at increased risk of respiratory disease. We studied whether low birth weight was associated with hospitalization for respiratory illness in adolescence and to what degree bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cerebral palsy, and other comorbidities accounted for this association. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort ...
Chantry Caroline J - - 2011
The objectives were to describe weight loss in a multiethnic population of first-born, predominantly breastfed, term infants and to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for excess weight loss (EWL). Data on prenatal breastfeeding intentions, demographic characteristics, labor and delivery interventions and outcomes, breastfeeding behaviors, formula and pacifier use, onset of ...
Rubie Hervé - - 2011
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy of low-dose chemotherapy in infants with nonmetastatic and unresectable neuroblastoma (NB) without MYCN amplification. PATIENTS AND METHODS Infants with localized NB and no MYCN amplification were eligible in the SIOPEN Infant Neuroblastoma European Study 99.1 study. Primary tumor was deemed unresectable according to imaging defined ...
Krogh Camilla - - 2011
The risk of infantile hypertrophk pylonc stenosis is ∼5 times more common in male than female infants. It has been hypothesized that the higher risk among male infants is associated with high levels of testosterone causing hypertrophy of the pylorus muscle. To test this hypothesis, we examined the association between ...
Tsimbos Cleon - - 2010
SummaryThe present study makes use of nationwide individual-level vital registration data on the single live births occurring in Greece in 2006 to explore associations of socio-demographic factors with adverse pregnancy outcomes, using multinomial logistic regression models. The findings indicate that important risk factors associated with low birth weight preterm and ...
Reece Pia - - 2011
Little is known regarding the prenatal determinants of innate immune responses in relation to infant allergic risk. Environmental exposures, including microbial stimuli, might predispose susceptible subjects to atopy and asthma in early infancy or even in utero. Because Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize microbial products and because cord blood (CB) progenitor ...
Sgro M - - 2010
Objective:To describe and compare infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia, who presented with and without abnormal neurological findings and to identify associated risk factors.Study Design:Data on infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia (>425 μmol l(-1) and/or received exchange transfusion) were collected prospectively through the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program (CPSP) from 2002 to 2004. Cases were categorized ...
Rahman Anisur - - 2011
Previous studies have reported associations between prenatal arsenic exposure and increased risk of infant mortality. An increase in infectious diseases has been proposed as the underlying cause of these associations, but there is no epidemiologic research to support the hypothesis. We evaluated the association between arsenic exposure in pregnancy and ...
Schelonka Robert L RL Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA. - - 2011
Cytokines mediate the host immune response to infectious micro-organisms. The objective of this study was to determine whether immune regulatory interleukins (IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10) and inflammatory cytokines (Interferon-γ [INF-γ], tumor necrosis factor-β [TNF-β], IL-2, and IL-17) are associated with an increased risk of developing blood stream bacterial/fungal infection ...
Cooley Sharon M - - 2011
Abstract Aims: To evaluate the impact of umbilical and uterine artery Doppler in the second and third trimester on antenatal course, labor and delivery in a low-risk primigravid population. Methods: Prospective recruitment of 1011 low-risk primigravidas with uterine and umbilical artery Doppler assessment at 22-24 weeks and 36 weeks. All mothers and ...
Mitanchez D - - 2010
To evaluate the risks of perinatal complications in infants born to mothers with treated or untreated gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A search of the PubMed database was performed and recommendations from NICE and the French National Authority for Health were consulted. Untreated moderate or severe GDM increases the risk of ...
Schutzman David L - - 2010
To determine the usefulness of the hour-specific Bhutani et al bilirubin nomogram when applied to infants with Coombs-positive test results. Retrospective chart review. Term nursery and neonatal intensive care unit of a university-affiliated hospital. All infants with A+ or B+ blood type born in our center from September 1, 2006, ...
Sundquist Jan - - 2011
Objective This study examines whether neighbourhood deprivation increases the risk of giving birth to a small for gestational age (SGA) infant, after accounting for individual-level maternal socioeconomic characteristics. Design An open cohort of women, aged 20-44 years, was followed from 1 January 1992 through 31 December 2004 for first singleton ...
Gungor Darcy E - - 2010
To systematically analyze growth data from infant health maintenance records to characterize infant weight gain increasing risk for childhood overweight, and to identify additional information from those records that could refine risky infant weight gain as a screening tool. Retrospective cohort study. A pediatric office in central Pennsylvania. Children aged ...
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