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Results 101 - 150 of 494
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Januschek Elke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The germinal matrix hemorrhage in premature infants is related to the immaturity of the subependymal vascular bed. Posthemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PVD) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBI) is a medical challenge and is associated with a high risk of long-term disability. Our aim was to find a safe ...
Feldman Maurice A - - 2011
We developed and evaluated a new parent report instrument-Parent Observation of Early Markers Scale (POEMS)-to monitor the behavioral development of infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because they have older affected siblings. Parents of 108 at-risk infants (74 males, 34 females) completed the POEMS from child age 1-24 months. ...
Bradley John S - - 2011
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody in newborn infants in 3 counties in southern California in 2003 was found to be 2.5 per 1000 live births using dried blood spot testing. With advances in HCV antiviral therapy providing decreasing morbidity from chronic HCV infection, prenatal HCV screening to ...
Liu Yinghui - - 2011
Liu Y, Zhang J, Li Z. Perinatal outcomes in native Chinese and Chinese-American women. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2011; 25: 202-209. This study aimed to compare perinatal outcomes in native Chinese, foreign-born and US-born Chinese-American women by analysing a cohort of 950 624 singleton pregnancies in south-east China and 293 849 singleton ...
Aydemir O - - 2011
To analyze relative weight gain by 2-week intervals up to 6 weeks after birth in order to predict the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) requiring treatment among very low birth weight (BW) infants. A prospective study including infants with BW ≤1500 g born in a single tertiary intensive care unit ...
Laughon Matthew M - - 2011
Benefits of identifying risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia in extremely premature infants include providing prognostic information, identifying infants likely to benefit from preventive strategies, and stratifying infants for clinical trial enrollment. To identify risk factors for bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and the competing outcome of death, by postnatal day; to identify which ...
Scheans Pat - - 2011
NEONATAL DEATH IN the delivery room is, fortunately, a rare situation. Only one in ten newborns needs assistance to initiate respirations, and fewer than one in a thousand needs cardiac compressions or medications.1 It is an especially unusual occurrence for a highly skilled NICU team to be unable to resuscitate ...
Weng Yi-Hao - - 2011
The aim of this study is to identify clinical, etiologic, and laboratory factors that potentiate adverse outcome of hyperbilirubinemia among term and late preterm neonates in logistic regression analysis. A retrospective cohort of infants with total serum bilirubin (TSB) ≥ 20 mg/dL from 1995 to 2007 was surveyed. Eighteen infants ...
Gungor Ilkay - - 2011
Aims and objectives.  The study aimed to determine bio-psycho-social risk factors for preterm birth in a sample of Turkish women without chronic illnesses and evaluate their anxiety and depression in early postpartum period. Background.  Preterm birth is a devastating event with long-term health and social implications. Studies have identified several ...
Wong Flora Y - - 2011
Objective: Prone sleeping is a major risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome and is associated with lower blood pressure and impaired arousability from sleep, both of which may be signs of cerebral hypoxia. However, the impact of sleep position on cerebral oxygenation during infancy remains unknown. We assessed ...
Wadhawan Rajan - - 2011
Extremely low birth weight twins have a higher rate of death or neurodevelopmental impairment than singletons. Higher-order extremely low birth weight multiple births may have an even higher rate of death or neurodevelopmental impairment. Extremely low birth weight (birth weight 401-1000 g) multiple births born in participating centers of the ...
Kumar Pardeep - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors predisposing to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a level III neonatal unit. This retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care neonatal and ophthalmic center. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed data of preterm infants who were born from January 2003 through December 2008 ...
Yang Jianzhou - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, other US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) C and D anti-infectives, and non anti-infective FDA C, D, and X drugs used during pregnancy with preterm birth and low birth weight. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study based on a 50% random ...
McIntyre Sarah - - 2011
Objectives: For singletons with cerebral palsy (CP) who were born at term, the goals were (1) to determine the proportion not admitted to a NICU, (2) to compare clinical descriptions of those admitted to NICUs and those not admitted, and (3) to identify neonatal predictors of CP among those not ...
Wu Yvonne W - - 2011
Racial and ethnic disparities in cerebral palsy have been documented, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. We determined whether low birth weight accounts for ethnic disparities in the prevalence of cerebral palsy and whether socioeconomic factors impact cerebral palsy within racial and ethnic groups. In a retrospective cohort of ...
Burger Marlette - - 2011
BACKGROUND: At a time of increasing demands on South African limited healthcare resources, there is a need for an assessment method that can reliably predict neurological deficits in high-risk infants at an early age. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to determine whether the qualitative assessment of fidgety movements ...
Collins James W JW - - 2011
We investigated whether African American mothers' upward economic mobility across the life course and having been of low birth weight are associated with the preterm birth of their children. We performed stratified and multilevel logistic regression analyses on an Illinois transgenerational data set of African American infants (born 1989-1991) and ...
Akçakaya Aylin Ardagil - - 2011
PURPOSE:To study the incidence and risk factors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants examined in a tertiary hospital in Istanbul. METHODS:Data of infants screened for ROP from April 2007 to September 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Possible risk factors and eye examinations were recorded and analyzed using the chi-square ...
Collaco J Michael - - 2011
Infants and children with chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLDP) are at increased risk for respiratory morbidities. We sought to determine (1) whether socio-economic status, race/ethnicity, and/or sex are risk factors for respiratory morbidities and (2) whether disparities in care existed for major therapy decisions such as home supplemental oxygen ...
Slidsborg Carina - - 2011
Objective: The aim of this study was to uncover he most effective and safe criterion to implement for retinopathy of prematurity screening in Denmark. Methods: This retrospective national cohort study is based on data from 3 national registers. These registers provided on infants treated for retinopathy of prematurity, infants in ...
Binenbaum Gil - - 2011
To develop an efficient clinical prediction model that includes postnatal weight gain to identify infants at risk of developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Under current birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA) screening criteria, <5% of infants examined in countries with advanced neonatal care require treatment. This study was ...
Binder Stephanie S Division of Neonatology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2011
To test the hypothesis that the promotion of national guidelines recommending the transfer of high-risk mothers to subspecialty perinatal centers reduces mortality and morbidity through the reduction of preterm infants delivered at nontertiary maternity hospitals. After implementation of hospital-based educational and communication programs emphasizing the importance of maternal transfer to ...
Neitzke Uta - - 2011
According to the 'small baby syndrome hypothesis' low birth weight and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), occurring in 'westernized' countries mainly through altered placental flow, have been linked to increased metabolic syndrome risk in later life. Independency and causal mechanisms of this phenomenological association are a matter of controversy. By means ...
Williams Glyn D - - 2011
Infants of birth weight ≤2500 g are termed low birth weight (LBW). These children often have considerable morbidity from prematurity and intra-uterine growth restriction. Additionally, LBW infants have increased risk for cardiac and noncardiac congenital anomalies and may require surgery. Primary rather than palliative surgical repair of cardiac lesions has been ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: To determine whether the tumor necrosis factor-α -308 G/A polymorphism is associated with blood culture-proven sepsis in two large cohorts of very-low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN:: Genetic association studies. SETTING:: Prospective, population-based, multicentered cohort of 1944 very-low-birth-weight infants born in 14 German study centers between 2003 and 2008 and 976 mothers, ...
Mbah Alfred K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between recurrent versus isolated pre-eclampsia and feto-infant morbidity outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a population-based retrospective study on Florida hospital discharge data linked to the birth cohort files from 1998 through 2007. The study population comprised women with singleton first and second births who experienced ...
Park Sungchan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) because little is known regarding the risk factors for breakthrough infection. METHODS: We compared children with infantile VUR with (20 boys, mean age 2.7 months) and without (20 boys and 4 girls, ...
Bujold Emmanuel - - 2011
A growing body of evidence suggests that defective placentation may play a major role in the genesis of preterm birth, indicating that preeclampsia, intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), and spontaneous preterm birth can share a similar mechanism of disease. A recent meta-analysis of low-dose aspirin trials for the prevention of preeclampsia ...
Tandberg A - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Tandberg A, Melve K, Nordtveit T, Bjørge T, Skjaerven R. Maternal birth characteristics and perinatal mortality in twin offspring. An intergenerational population-based study in Norway, 1967-2008. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02877.x. Objective  To investigate the relationship between maternal preterm birth and fetal growth in one generation ...
Valles-Ayoub Yadira - - 2011
Wolman disease (WD) is a rare inherited condition caused by lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) deficiency first described in Iranian-Jewish (IJ) children. Newborns with WD are healthy and active, but soon the infant develops symptoms of severe malnutrition in the first few months of life, and often dies before the age ...
South Andrew P - - 2011
To develop a specific, targeted intervention strategy for reducing preterm birth through use of geographic analysis. We utilized Hamilton County, Ohio vital records and Census data from 2003 to 2006. Spatial scanning statistics allowed determination of the prevalence of preterm birth for any geographical point. Attributable risk calculations demonstrated heterogeneity ...
Pinho Ana Paula Silveira - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological profile, risk factors and best strategies for diagnosing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in a developing country. METHODS: Population-based, case-control study with children born between January 1st, 2001, and December 31st, 2003 in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil, who were allocated into three groups: SIDS cases ...
Kerac Marko - - 2011
To determine wasting prevalence among infants aged under 6 months and describe the effects of new case definitions based on WHO growth standards. Secondary data analysis of demographic and health survey datasets. 21 developing countries. 15 534 infants under 6 months and 147 694 children aged 6 to under 60 ...
Nagano Kazuya - - 2011
Nanomaterials acquire revolutionary functions such as anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects by increasing surface area per unit weight, due to the reduction to nano size. Such nanomaterials are rapidly put to practical use without safety evaluation. This is because it is widely assumed that nanomaterials are merely of the same molecular ...
Fulkerson Daniel H - - 2011
Object Premature, low-birth-weight infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus have a high risk of shunt obstruction and infection. Established risk factors for shunt failure include grade of the hemorrhage and age at shunt insertion. There is anecdotal evidence that the amount of red blood cells or protein levels in the CSF may ...
Madadi Parvaz - - 2011
The pro-drug codeine is commonly prescribed for postpartum pain relief in North America. The safety of codeine during breastfeeding is related in part to the extent of the active morphine metabolite catalyzed from codeine via the cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme. In mothers who have greater than two functional copies ...
Poehlmann Julie - - 2011
The differential susceptibility to parenting model was examined in relation to toddler self-regulation in a prospective longitudinal study of infants born preterm or low birth weight. We followed 153 mother-infant dyads across five time points between the infant's Neonatal Intensive Care Unit stay and 24 months postterm. Assessments of infant ...
Lanari Marcello - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes respiratory infections during the first year of life. Very premature infants have more severe diseases and also 'late preterm infants' may be more susceptible to the infection. To evaluate in an Italian cohort the incidence and risk factors of severe hospitalized lower respiratory tract infection ...
Ghosh Moumita - - 2011
Background: In developing countries, 80% of the births take place in the community. Methods: Birthweight, mid-arm and chest circumferences were measured in 294 newborns admitted in a tertiary-level hospital in Kolkata between April and August 2010. Colour-coded measuring tapes were devised using receiver operating characteristic curves to calculate the most ...
Singh R - - 2011
To determine association of anemia and red blood cell (RBC) transfusions with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. A total of 111 preterm infants with NEC ≥ stage 2a were compared with 222 matched controls. In all, 28 clinical variables, including hematocrit (Hct) and RBC transfusions were recorded. Propensity scores ...
Bernhard Resch - - 2011
Preterm infants are at increased risk of being rehospitalised during the first few months of life with severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) that usually manifests as apnea and hypoxemia. This occurs more commonly in preterm infants <33weeks gestational age (GA), but recent studies demonstrate that ...
Lodha Abhay - - 2011
Background Many medical practitioners have adopted the practice of caesarean section for preterm infants in breech presentation based on term infant data. Some studies have highlighted deleterious effects on survival, such as intraventricular haemorrhage and periventricular leucomalacia, while others have reported no difference from the outcomes after vaginal delivery. Objective ...
Mpairwe Harriet H MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda. - - 2011
Allergy is commoner in developed than in developing countries. Chronic worm infections show inverse associations with allergy, and prenatal exposures may be critical to allergy risk. To determine whether anthelminthic treatment during pregnancy increases the risk of allergy in infancy. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on treatment in pregnancy with ...
Rao R - - 2011
Objective:To review intestinal complications associated with ibuprofen treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).Study Design:Data from preterm infants treated with ibuprofen were retrospectively reviewed. χ (2) test and Fischer's exact test were used for univariate analyses. Multivariate analyses with logistic regression modeling were used to identify risk factors.Result:One hundred and two ...
Chen Han-Yang - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to ascertain the association between fetal growth (small- [SGA], appropriate- [AGA], and large-for-gestational-age [LGA]) and early, late, and postneonatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Birth certificate data for nonanomalous singletons, delivered from 1996 to 2007, were obtained for Milwaukee residents. Multivariate logistic regression analyses, adjusted ...
Agakidis Charalampos - - 2011
Objective. To explore whether epidural analgesia (EA) in labor is independent risk factor for neonatal pyrexia after controlling for intrapartum pyrexia. Methods. Retrospective observational study of 480 consecutive term singleton infants born to mothers who received EA in labor (EA group) and 480 term infants delivered to mothers who did not receive ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2011
Aims:  This study aimed to determine the risk factors associated with the development of pneumothorax among infants admitted to the Malaysian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Methods:  Twenty-nine of forty NICUs in Malaysian public hospitals participated in the 2006 Malaysian National Neonatal Registry (MNNR). Data of infants from this registry ...
Shah Prachi E - - 2011
This study explored the association between mothers' unresolved grief regarding their infant's preterm birth and infant-mother attachment security. We hypothesized that mothers with unresolved grief would be more likely to have insecurely attached infants at 16 months and that this association would be partially mediated by maternal interaction quality. This ...
Wassimi Spogmai - - 2011
High prevalence of infant macrosomia (up to 36%, the highest in the world) has been reported in some First Nations communities in the Canadian province of Quebec and the eastern area of the province of Ontario. We aimed to assess whether infant macrosomia was associated with elevated risks of perinatal ...
van Wezel-Meijler Gerda - - 2011
Purpose: To elucidate whether echogenicity (EG) of the basal ganglia and thalami (BGT) represents a physiologic phenomenon in preterm neonates (<32 weeks gestation). Materials and Methods: The study was approved by the medical ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from the parents. Sequential neonatal cranial ultrasonographic (US) images obtained ...
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