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Results 51 - 100 of 495
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Widziszowska Agnieszka - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, primary subarachnoid hemorrhage in term newborns as well as periventricular leukomalacia and intraventricular hemorrhage in premature newborns are the major consequences of perinatal asphyxia. Intrauterine hypoxia and labor prolongation can also affect the hearing organ in newborns causing reversible or irreversible changes in the cochlea, brainstem or ...
Revel-Vilk Shoshana - - 2011
Although the use of central lines has many valuable applications in neonates and infants, they may cause serious mechanical, infectious and thrombotic complications. In fact, the use of central lines is the main cause for thrombosis in this age group. The frequency of central-line-related thrombosis in neonates and infants is ...
Ahern Melissa M - - 2011
Birth defects are examined in mountaintop coal mining areas compared to other coal mining areas and non-mining areas of central Appalachia. The study hypothesis is that higher birth-defect rates are present in mountaintop mining areas. National Center for Health Statistics natality files were used to analyze 1996-2003 live births in ...
Cai Jun - - 2011
A neonatal mouse model of intermittent hypoxia (IH) simulating the recurring hypoxia/reoxygenation episodes of apnea of prematurity (AOP) was developed. C57BL/6 P2 pups were culled for exposure to either intermittent hypoxia or intermittent air as control. The IH paradigms consisted of alternation cycles of 20.9% O2 and either 8.0% or ...
Neta G - - 2011
Being small-for-gestational age (SGA) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity, but questions remain about how best to diagnose SGA, and thus, predict poor health consequences. The authors sought to compare an individualized reference for defining SGA with simple birth weight-based and ultrasound-based references applied to birth weight in ...
Clark Erin A S - - 2011
There is increasing evidence that preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is associated with increased risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes through multiple mechanisms, including preterm birth and its antecedent etiologies. Intrauterine infection is a particularly important risk factor for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes after PPROM. This review focuses on the long-term ...
Crowell Bresney A - - 2011
Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is a relatively rare, life-threatening, and lifelong multisystem disorder characterized by autonomic nervous system dysfunction, which mostly manifests as failure to maintain ventilatory homeostasis during sleep. Infants with CCHS have inadequate sensitivity to hypoxia and hypercapnia during sleep and in some cases during wakefulness, leading ...
Morgan Jessie A - - 2011
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains the most common serious acquired gastrointestinal disorder affecting preterm infants. Here we review recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of this multifactorial condition and consider the implications for practice and research. NEC is an important cause of mortality and serious morbidity in preterm infants. ...
Benigno Joann P - - 2011
This study examined how infants' age, joint attention (JA) skills, caregiver ratings of language and temperament, and caregiver JA style related to JA in a structured literacy task with an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system. Sixteen infants (mean = 10.6 months) without disabilities participated in two storybook reading interactions ...
Hartnack Tharin Julie E - - 2011
To analyze the consequences of the handling of breech presentation in Denmark after publication of the Term Breech Trial (TBT). Population-based retrospective cohort study. Data from the National Birth Registry and discharge letters from cases with perinatal death. Population. Singleton breech fetuses at term and alive at onset of labor ...
Austin April A - - 2011
Love Canal, located in Niagara Falls, NY, and among the earliest and most significant hazardous waste sites in the United States, first came to public attention in 1978. In this study, researchers evaluated 1799 live births from 1960 through 1996 to 980 women who formerly lived in the Love Canal ...
Laakkonen Hanne - - 2011
Few studies have focused on the neurodevelopment of infants on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Infants are the most demanding patient group on PD and thus are vulnerable to neurological sequelae. We studied 21 patients <2 years of age (mean 0.59 years) at onset of PD. They were evaluated by a neurologist, otologist, physiotherapist, and ...
Kwon S - - 2011
Objective:Interpregnancy interval (IPI) influences numerous adverse perinatal outcomes. IPI's impact on birth defects is unclear.Study Design:We conducted a population-based case-control study, using 1998 to 2008 administrative data from Washington State. A total of 10 772 cases, women whose second of two births resulted in an infant with a birth defect, were ...
Canda M Tunc - - 2011
Summary This study was conducted to audit maternal seafood intake awareness during pregnancy and to determine whether there is an association between fish consumption and various pregnancy outcomes. In total, 553 low-risk and healthy pregnant women were given a questionnaire concerning fish consumption. Pregnant women who developed gestational diabetes mellitus, ...
Basso Olga - - 2011
Preterm delivery has a variety of causes, with each of these presumably carrying its own mortality risk. To the extent that they add to the risk of mortality, the various pathologic factors triggering preterm delivery will confound the causal contribution of gestational age to mortality, inflating the observed rates of ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0136, USA. - - 2011
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding until 6 months-of-age. The authors examined prevalence and risk factors for use of infant formulas, water, and teas at 4-6 weeks in Latino infants in the San Francisco Bay Area, a group at high risk for future obesity. They recruited a cohort ...
Dutra F - - 2011
The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that parturition duration is related to birth asphyxia in lambs and that asphyxia level affects newborn lamb viability and vigor. Two sire and dam genotypes (Texel: TX; Polwarth: PW) and their crosses were represented in the study. Eighty lambs ...
Ebisu Keita - - 2011
Children's respiratory health has been linked to many factors, including air pollution. The impacts of urban land-use on health are not fully understood, although these relationships are of key importance given the growing populations living in urban environments. We investigated whether the degree of urban land-use near a family's residence ...
Janssen Anjo J W M - - 2011
Preterm birth increases the risk for neurologic and developmental disabilities and therefore long-term follow-up is important. This prospective follow-up study aims to describe longitudinal motor performance in preterm infants from 6 to 24 months and to detect the influence of risk factors on motor performance trajectories. We included preterm infants ...
Islek Ali - - 2011
In infants with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) is unknown, and there is a lack of prospective studies showing definitive evidence regarding the benefits and necessity of antibiotic prophylaxis. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of UTI in infants with ...
Gäddlin Per-Olof - - 2011
Follow-up studies are essential to our knowledge of outcome in very low birthweight (VLBW) or extremely preterm (EPT) infants because those children have a greater risk for developing neurosensory disabilities and behavioural and educational problems and have decreased probability for an optimal transition into adulthood compared to term controls. Outcome ...
Tepper Naomi K - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to determine risk factors for early (less than 34 weeks gestation) and late (34-36 weeks gestation) preterm singleton birth, by assisted reproductive technology (ART) status. We linked data from Massachusetts birth records and ART records representing singleton live births from 1997 through 2004. Using multinomial regression ...
Chou Yi-Fan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether multi-stimulus auditory steady-state responses were capable of estimating hearing thresholds in high-risk infants. A retrospective chart review study. Three tertiary referral centers. Infants born between January 2004 and December 2006 who met the criteria for risk factors of congenital hearing loss ...
Romeo Domenico M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Late-preterm infants represent 70% of the whole preterm population. AIMS: To establish the range and frequency distribution of neonatal neurological scores in a large cohort of low risk late-preterm infants and the possible differences with full-term infants. METHODS: Three hundred-seventy-five healthy infants born between 34 and 36 weeks gestational ...
Núñez-Batalla Faustino - - 2011
In the last decade, tremendous progress has been made very rapidly in the development of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) systems as a major public health initiative. The percentage of infants screened annually in Spain has increased significantly since the EHDI systems have expanded to all autonomic regions. Historically, ...
Moon Rachel Y - - 2011
Pacifier use at sleep time decreases sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) risk. It is yet unclear whether pacifier use can modify the impact of other sleep-related factors upon SIDS risk. The objective of this study was to examine the association between pacifier use during sleep and SIDS in relation to ...
Comino Elizabeth - - 2011
This paper aims to describe delivery and birth outcomes of Aboriginal infants and their mothers in an urban setting on the east coast of Australia. The paper uses a causal pathway approach to consider the role of risk and protective factors for low birthweight. All mothers who delivered at Campbelltown ...
Nembhard Wendy N - - 2011
Background: Infants with congenital heart defects (CHDs) have increased risk of childhood morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about racial/ethnic differences in early childhood mortality. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with data from the Texas Birth Defect Registry on 19 530 singleton, live-born infants with ...
Lindström Karolina - - 2011
Objective: Previous studies have demonstrated an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in follow-up studies of preterm survivors from NICUs. In this study we analyzed the effect of moderate as well as extreme preterm birth on the risk for ADHD in school age, taking into account genetic, perinatal, and socioeconomic ...
Dryden-Peterson Scott - - 2011
Maternal highly-active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces mother-to-child HIV transmission but may increase the risk for infant anemia. The incidence of first severe anemia (grade 3 or 4, Division of AIDS 2004 Toxicity Table) was assessed among HIV-uninfected infants in the Mashi and Mma Bana mother-to-child HIV transmission prevention trials in ...
Silveira Rita C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding association of high levels of proinflammatory cytokines, neonatal morbidities and poor neurodevelopment outcome in very low birth weight infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine association between severity of early inflammatory response and neurodevelopment outcome in high risk very low birth weight infants. METHODS: Sixty-two very preterm infants with ...
De Jesus Lilia C LC Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2011
To evaluate the association of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism with risk/severity of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) among at risk infants. Infants ≥ 34 weeks with respiratory distress at birth were recruited. PPHN was diagnosed clinically and by cardiac echocardiogram. Control group consisted of infants with respiratory ...
Giapros Vasileios - - 2011
Objective. Small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonates born prematurely may be at higher risk for adverse effects during the early postnatal period than premature neonates born appropriate for gestational age (AGA).This study aims to study comparatively morbidity and mortality in SGA and AGA neonates born with low gestational age (GA). Methods. The study population ...
Ramachandrappa Ashwin - - 2011
To evaluate morbidity, mortality, and associated risk factors in late preterm term infants (34-0/7 to 36-6/7 weeks) requiring extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We reviewed 21,218 neonatal ECMO runs in Extra-corporeal Life Support Organization registry data from 1986-2006. Infants were divided in 3 groups: late preterm (34-0/7 to 36-6/7 weeks), early-term ...
Miller S S - - 2011
The objective of this study was to study the epidemiology of neonatal hypothermia in preterm infants using World Health Organization (WHO) temperature criteria. A population-based cohort of 8782 very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born in California neonatal intensive care units in 2006 and 2007. Associations between admission hypothermia and ...
Espinheira M C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Approximately 5 % of infants born with a meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) develop meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). Aim: The aims of this study were to analyse demographic data, morbidity and mortality associated with MAS and to identify possible risk factors. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of newborns with MAS delivered ...
Chawla Bhavna - - 2011
Fungal orbital infections are rare among children, especially in immunocompetent infants. Two infants presented to us with unilateral proptosis and swelling of the eyelids and periorbital area. Imaging showed an intraorbital mass causing proptosis and bony orbital expansion. There was no sinus, nasal, or intracranial involvement. Systemic evaluation did not ...
Kasper David C - - 2011
Abstract Aims: We determined the association between short-term neonatal morbidities, such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), and Ureaplasma spp. in amniotic fluid, placental and amniotic membrane of preterm infants. Methods: This study enrolled 257 patients who were born by cesarean section at <34 weeks' gestation. Patients were divided ...
Gubhaju Lina - - 2011
Although the majority of preterm neonates now survive infancy, there is emerging epidemiological evidence to demonstrate that individuals born preterm exhibit an elevated risk for the development of hypertension and renal impairment later in life, thus supporting the developmental origins of health and disease hypothesis. The increased risk may potentially ...
Simpson Kathleen Rice - - 2011
The leadership team and clinicians in hospitals and healthcare system must focus on perinatal safety and quality to minimize risk of preventable harm to mothers and infants. A review of current issues in perinatal patient safety and quality is presented.
Chen Jing - - 2011
Despite current treatments, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) remains a major cause of blindness in premature infants and the incidence is increasing with increased survival of infants born at very early gestational ages. This review summarizes the recent literature on ROP with a special focus on recent advances in treatment options ...
Salerno Jack Christian - - 2011
The development of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC) is related to the rate and duration of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Infants may be more susceptible to TIC because early symptoms might be unrecognized. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may improve outcome in patients with SVT and TIC; however, clinical predictors of infants who require ...
Kramer Michael R - - 2011
Objective. We reviewed the evidence for three theories of how pre-conceptional psychosocial stress could act as a contributing determinant of excess preterm birth risk among African American women: early life developmental plasticity and epigenetic programming of adult neuroendocrine systems; blunting, weathering, or dysfunction of neuroendocrine and immune function in response ...
Omer Saad B - - 2011
We previously reported combined analysis of 6-week and 6-month endpoints of three randomized controlled trials [Six Week Extended Dose Nevirapine (SWEN) trials] that compared extended-dose nevirapine through 6 weeks of age to single-dose nevirapine to prevent HIV transmission via breastfeeding and mortality. We now present endpoints through 12 months of ...
Luyster Rhiannon J - - 2011
Examining the neural correlates associated with processing social stimuli offers a viable option to the challenge of studying early social processing in infants at risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The present investigation included 32 12-month olds at high risk for ASD and 24 low-risk control infants, defined on the ...
Candelaria Margo - - 2011
Ecological and transactional theories link child outcomes to accumulated risk. This study hypothesized that cumulative risk was negatively related to attachment, and that maternal sensitivity mediated linkages between risk and attachment. One hundred and twelve high-risk African-American premature infant-mother dyads participated. Psychosocial (maternal depression, stress and self-efficacy) and sociodemographic risk ...
Peltoniemi O M - - 2011
Objective. To systematically review the efficacy and safety of repeated antenatal corticosteroid on neonatal morbidity, growth and later development. Search strategy. Medline, Cochrane database and bibliography of identified articles were searched for English language studies. Selection criteria. Randomized, controlled trials studying the efficacy and safety of repeat antenatal corticosteroid on ...
Broussard Danielle L - - 2011
Not using the infant back sleep position is an established risk factor for sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Infant bed sharing may also increase SUID risk, particularly under certain circumstances. Both of these infant sleeping behaviors are disproportionately higher among Black mothers. We explored the relationship between not using the ...
Liebrechts-Akkerman Germaine - - 2011
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexpected death of an infant that remains unexplained after a thorough investigation of the circumstances, family history, paediatric investigation and complete autopsy. In Western society, it is the leading cause of post-neonatal death below 1 year of age. In the Netherlands, the SIDS ...
Goudet Sophie - - 2011
Maternal nutritional status is a determinant of child health. This paper studies the association between a mother's body mass index (BMI) and her infant's nutritional status over a one year time frame after the 1998 flood crisis in Bangladesh. The paper uses secondary analysis of data collected from 757 households ...
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