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Results 451 - 495 of 495
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Källenius G - - 1985
Theoretically there are several ways to prevent pyelonephritis and renal scarring caused by P-fimbriated Escherichia coli. Screening for individuals at risk, e.g. those carrying P-fimbriated pyelonephritogenic E. coli or those with high receptor density on their uroepithelial cells, could perhaps define a population where prophylaxis with a receptor analogue or ...
Kraus J F - - 1985
Unintentional deaths from suffocation and strangulation account for about 20 percent of all nontransport-related infant and child fatalities in the United States. In the late 1950s, some preventive countermeasures were introduced to reduce the number of deaths resulting from refrigerator or freezer entrapment. A few years later, countermeasures were introduced ...
Benson D W DW - - 1985
Transesophageal atrial pacing was used to initiate and terminate tachycardia in 24 infants (seven female and 17 male, aged 1 to 34 days) with ECG documentation of supraventricular tachycardia. Six infants received no chronic treatment, and chronic oral digoxin prophylaxis was administered to 18 infants in an effort to prevent ...
Donn S M - - 1985
Argininosuccinic aciduria, due to deficiency of argininosuccinic acid lyase, is generally associated with severe neonatal hyperammonaemia and its neurological sequelae. The cases of two siblings with this autosomal recessive disorder are presented. Both infants were preterm and delivered by Caesarean section for maternal pre-eclampsia. The first infant was not diagnosed ...
Ganley J V - - 1984
With the exception of talipes equinovarus, there has been an unfortunate tradition of treating infant foot deformities with benign neglect. Most often the physician who confidently assures the trusting parent that the problem will be outgrown is not present at a later time when symptoms develop and someone else must ...
Scheibelhofer W - - 1984
In several modern pacemakers, end-of-life (EOL) is indicated by a single-step rate drop, which is initiated by a voltage-sensitive electronic switch. This switch may also be activated by other causes, such as very short voltage drops, low temperatures, and electrocautery. We report a case in which a Cordis 233 F ...
Zola E M - - 1984
Administration of silver nitrate 1% solution into the eyes of the newborn has proven effective in the prophylaxis of gonococcal neonatal conjunctivitis. Silver nitrate, however, is not active against Chlamydia trachomatis, the most common cause of neonatal conjunctivitis. Also, silver nitrate commonly is associated with substantial chemical irritation. For these ...
Taylor D J - - 1984
There appears to be no doubt that where there is supportive obstetric care and intensive neonatal care, the long-term outlook for the very preterm infant has improved dramatically since the 1950s. However, the rate of neurodevelopmental handicap in these children is still unacceptably high when compared with term infants. To ...
Hensey O J - - 1984
Increased fibrinolytic activity in the ganglionic eminence of the preterm human brain has been proposed as a factor in the aetiology of periventricular haemorrhage. The effect of tranexamic acid in preventing periventricular haemorrhage was evaluated in 100 infants in a double blind, randomised controlled trial. Haemorrhages developed in 22 infants ...
Pankey J W - - 1984
An effort was made to present the historical development of postmilking teat sanitizers, to discuss advantages and limitations of postmilking teat sanitization relative to specific mastitis pathogens, regulatory requirements, and the generic types of teat sanitizers. Methodologies used to evaluate the potential of teat sanitizers in reducing incidence of new ...
Woodruff A W - - 1984
Neonatal tetanus affects 1 in every 82 and kills 1 in every 110 infants born in the town of Juba, southern Sudan. It is also an important cause of death in adult life both in southern Sudan and in many other regions of the developing world. One vehicle of infection ...
Lazzarin A - - 1984
An increase in the infection rate both in mother and newborn after antenatal administration of corticosteroids for prevention of RDS has been shown. The aim of this study was to compare PMN functions in two groups of premature infants whose mothers had received betamethasone or ambroxol for prevention of RDS. ...
Christensen R D - - 1984
The high mortality rate observed in newborn infants who contract bacterial sepsis within the first day of life has prompted investigators to seek new methods for the prevention and treatment of this disorder. Among the putative measures recommended for prevention are: administration of antimicrobials to all infants at the time ...
McMaster M J - - 1983
The changing incidence of idiopathic scoliosis in 672 patients who attended the Edinburgh Scoliosis Clinic between 1968 and 1982 inclusive is reported. Of these patients, 144 had infantile, 51 juvenile and 477 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty-seven of the infantile curves progressed and 107 resolved. The relative frequency of both progressive ...
- - 1983
Without preventive measures, gonococcal ophthalmia will develop in approximately 28% of infants born to women with gonorrhea, a disease that is relatively frequent and largely asymptomatic in pregnant women. In addition, in some settings conjunctivitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis may be more frequent than gonococcal conjunctivitis among neonates. The Canadian ...
Bowman J M - - 1983
For two decades the perinatal mortality caused by erythroblastosis has been decreasing in Manitoba. The improved management of Rh-immunized pregnancies has lowered the death rate among affected infants from 10.8% to 3.4%, while the prevention of Rh immunization has reduced its incidence from 9.1 to 2.2 per 1000 total births. ...
Rawlings P - - 1983
Marked female Anopheles culicifacies were released into an enclosed palm-leaf hut at dusk and survivors recovered the following drawn by hand on several occasions before and after spraying with the insecticide malathion. Pre-spray releases yielded only 25-50% recovery which was thought to be due to concealment of resting mosquitoes in ...
Woodruff A W - - 1983
A longitudinal survey of child health in Juba was done to secure data on which preventive schemes could be based. 223 pregnant women were identified in a systematic search of a district. 5 infants were stillborn and 10 were born prematurely. The mothers of 5 of the 10 premature infants ...
Freedman L S - - 1983
We describe a new method of formulating stopping rules for clinical trials, one that incorporates opinion on what difference is clinically important. We compare the method with conventional group sequential designs and illustrate it by application to a study of Pancuronium Bromide for prevention of haemorrhage in pre-term infants.
Siefert K - - 1983
Sixty years ago, the excessively high rates of maternal and infant mortality in this country posed a major social problem. A series of prospective surveys designed and carried out by the U.S. Children's Bureau established that many of these deaths were related to the poor condition of the mother and ...
Köhler B - - 1983
First-time mothers who had a high salivary number of Strep. mutans [greater than or equal to 10(6) colony-forming-units (c.f.u.) per ml] were selected. Every second mother was given a special preventive programme to reduce her salivary level below 3 x 10(5) c.f.u. per ml. Where a reduction of Strep. mutans ...
Fourie D T - - 1982
Thirty-four cases of tetanus neonatorum seen over a period of 2 years are analysed as regards severity, place and mode of birth of the affected infant and level of antenatal care. Possible methods of prevention are discussed in the light of the findings.
Peterson H B - - 1982
Lacerations of major vessels have been associated with use of the Veress needle and sharp trocar for laparoscopy. A death caused by puncture of the aorta during insertion of a Veress needle is reported. Deaths from major vessel laceration can be prevented by using proper technique for inserting the needle ...
Gibson G C - - 1981
Hearing loss in infants has severe, lifelong consequences. The critical period for speech and language development is from birth to age two, so every effort must be made to diagnose hearing problems early. Several simple screening and testing procedures can be carried out in a normal office visit. The use ...
- - 1981
Malaria prophylaxis is relative, not absolute, but can provide much protection. Travellers must take prophylactics regularly while in malarious areas and for one month thereafter; despite doing so, they may still develop malaria. For areas without chloroquine-resistant malaria, chloroquine, 300 mg base weekly, or proguanil, 100-200 mg daily, are preferred. ...
Aynsley-Green A - - 1981
Three newborn infants are reported who developed severe non-ketotic hypoglycaemia (blood glucose less than 1.1 mmol/l; 19.8 mg/100 ml) within 6 hours of birth. All had inappropriately raised plasma insulin concentrations for the level of glycaemia, and required high rates of glucose infusion (less than 15 mg glucose/kg per minute) ...
Beighton P - - 1981
A thoracolumbar gibbus is an uncommon but potentially dangerous feature of achondroplasia. In a series of unselected South African Negro achondroplasts, nine out of 17 had an abnormality of this type. In contrast, only one girl out of 20 affected individuals of European or mixed ancestry had a gibbus. It ...
Ballard P L - - 1980
Low doses of the synthetic steroid betamethasone can be effective in preventing neonatal RDS. Administration during the 48 hours immediately before delivery of infants between the 26th and 34th weeks of gestation is optimally effective. The article provides guidelines for this approach, describes its hazards, and discusses possible ways by ...
Schussman L C - - 1980
Aspiration of meconium by the fetus at or near delivery may be associated with high infant morbidity and mortality. The meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is often preventable, yet cases of MAS continue to occur. This paper describes the pathophysiology of MAS. The development of MAS involves passage of meconium by ...
Sumiyoshi A - - 1980
Fibromuscular intimal thickening begins to occur early in the pediatric age, with or without lipid deposition. Fatty streaks also appear first in infant. Fatty streaks occur almost always in close association with intimal thickening. Some fatty streaks remain unchanged as those seen in the ascending aorta. Intimal thickening and lipid ...
Imran M - - 1979
Use of opium for sedating infants in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan causes a grave public health problem. Among the infants hospitalized for opium overdosage, 22 were studied in detail, and their major clinical picture is presented in this paper. The effect of opium use on the nutritional status ...
Rumford J - - 1979
Summary In this paper the allegation that, when using the Chandrasekar-Deming technique with two independent enumeration systems to record the incidence of vital events and migrations, each individual system misses the same type of event is investigated. If this correlation bias were to occur frequently enough, it could result in ...
Brusilow S - - 1979
Our experience with nitrogen-free analog therapy of these disorders indicates that these compounds are adequate nutritional supplements which are non-toxic and which promote mental and somatic growth. They prevent or reduce hyperammonemia for varying periods of time in three of these disorders, but as yet have not prevented hyperammonemic coma ...
Reynolds E O - - 1978
During the past 20 years there has been a great increase in the understanding of deranged physiological mechanisms in certain groups of newborn infants that were, in the past, at high risk for death or major handicap. Much information of direct clinical relevance has come from the study of experimental ...
Smialek J E - - 1977
Sixteen accidental deaths of infants occcurred in Wayne County (Detroit) during 1974-1975 as a result of unsafe sleeping environments. Thirteen of these deaths resulted from different modes of asphyxia, two were due to falls, and one drowned. Differential diagnoses are pointed out. It is estimated that over 600 infants die ...
Murthy K S - - 1977
The influence of shear mixing on the in vitro dissolution properties of several experimental capsule formulations containing lubricants was investigated. The studies were carried out in 2.8-liter laboratory V-blender equipped with a high-speed intensifier bar, using nitrofurantoin and procainamide hydrochloride as active drugs, powdered lactose and starch as excipients, and ...
Kestenberg J S - - 1977
This is the second paper in a series of papers concerned with the relevance of infant therapy to the treatment of adults. The detailed presentation of a case of infant therapy illustrates our thesis that (1) early failures in mutual holding lead to a distortion of the body image, to ...
Walters W A - - 1977
A double blind clinical trial of oral ritodrine for prevention of premature labour was conducted in 38 primigravidae in whom the internal os of the cervix was one or more fingerbreadths dilated at 28 to 32 weeks gestation. The results suggest that oral ritodrine may not be effective in preventing ...
Sanders M G - - 1976
Pilot-error accidents have dominated accident statistics consistently from the 1940s to the present. Sanders and Hofmann (3) found that three factors from Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF) significant differences (p less than 0.05) between pilot-error accident groups and were used to correctly classify 86% of the aviators tested ...
Hrodek O - - 1976
Comparative experiments were made on blood samples collected with and without addition of a potent fribinolysis-blocking agent in newborn infants aged up to 12 h. Prevention of the in vitro fibrinolysis resulted in a diminished frequency of an abnormal euglobulin clot lysis time, but there was no significant difference in ...
Muenchinger F S - - 1975
The effectiveness of an electrosonic denture cleansing system and a commercially available denture soaking agent was studies. An experimental sample of 32 edentulous patients was evaluated for presence of plaque and calculus on their dentures before and after the introduction of two different cleaning methods. Comparisons of plaque scores between ...
Miller Margaret Quist - - 2011
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) are at risk for an altered developmental course beginning with physiologic alterations in utero. This article describes physiologic and behavioral factors that impact the fetus and newborn infant and may have long-term developmental consequences. A clinical reasoning process to support development optimizes the outcomes of ...
Discenza Deb - - 2011
POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION (PPD) strikes one in eight women.1 Mothers of premature infants are at especially high risk for PPD because of the amount of stress involved in a premature birth and in caring for the infant in the NI CU. The mother is struggling with loss of a "normal" birth ...
Zubrzycki L - - 1962
Zubrzycki, Leonard (Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa.) and Earle H. Spaulding. Studies on the stability of the normal human fecal flora. J. Bacteriol. 83:968-974. 1962.-The results of two series of stool cultures show that members of the genus Bacteriodes constitute the most numerous group of bacteria in the normal human adult ...
PILLSBURY S - - 1953
In 14,501 deliveries at one hospital there have been no maternal deaths. Several factors have contributed to this eight-year record:1. Immediate availability of blood and liberal use in anemia and in abnormal bleeding has prevented deaths from hemorrhage.2. Antibiotics and early ambulation have reduced infections.3. Spinal anesthetics reduce hemorrhage and ...
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