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Results 351 - 400 of 1648
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Quesnel H - - 2011
Colostrum provides newborn piglets with energy, immunoglobulins and growth, thereby playing an essential role in piglet survival. However, colostrum yield and composition are highly variable among sows. Some of the factors involved in this variability have been identified. The aim of the study was to confirm previous findings on a ...
Rosti L - - 2011
Calprotectin is a protein released into stools, used as a marker of inflammation in inflammatory bowel diseases. We tested the hypothesis that cow's milk protein in formula milk may increase the intestinal release of calprotectin, as a consequence of a subclinical inflammatory reaction. At 12 weeks of age, we measured ...
Banta-Wright Sandra A - - 2012
Breast milk is the nutrition of choice for human infants (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2005; American Association of Family Physicians, 2008; Association of Women's Health Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2005; Canadian Paediatric Society, 2005; U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 2008; World Health Organization, 2009). In comparison to standard commercial formula, ...
Sidebotham Peter - - 2011
Background This study used national data to determine if violent child death rates fell between 1974 and 2008. Design Using mortality data from the Office of National Statistics, categories potentially containing violent child deaths were analysed for children aged <1, 1-14 and 15-19 years. These data were compared with Home ...
Elliott Christopher S - - 2011
PURPOSE: Using statewide data, we evaluated whether the changing incidence of penile anomalies and hypospadias is reflected in the diverse California population of newborn males over the past 20 years. METHODS: Discharge data from all California hospitals, prepared by the OSHPD (Sacramento, CA) was reviewed for the years 1985-2006 for ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2011
The aim was to develop a composite outcome indicator to identify infants with severe adverse outcomes in routinely collected population health datasets, and assess the indicator's association with readmission and infant mortality rates. A comprehensive list of diagnoses and procedures indicative of serious neonatal morbidity was compiled based on literature ...
Chung J H - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to examine the effect of hospital-level factors on mortality of very low birth weight infants using multilevel modeling.Study Design:This is a secondary data analysis of California maternal-infant hospital discharge data from 1997 to 2002. The study population was limited to singleton, non-anomalous, very low ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2011
We retrospectively assessed the yield of early postnatal ultrasound scans in neonates with documented antenatal hydronephrosis. We reviewed recording data of prenatal renal ultrasound for 178 newborn infants and the results of renal ultrasound performed during the first days of life. Of 119 infants with prenatal diagnosis of mild hydronephrosis ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2011
Despite the introduction of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P), the national preterm birth (PTB) rate remains unchanged. Our objectives were to determine whether the overall rate of PTB has decreased and whether there has been a shift in the trends of prematurity at our institution since the initiation of 17P use. We ...
van den Berg Hendrik - - 2011
Below a certain age protocols in pediatric oncology on cytostatic drug therapy advise use, of other parameters such as weight for dosing; this instead of the most conventional parameter, i.e. body surface area. In infants it is not uncommon that additional reductions are put on top of this for each ...
Fitzgerald Dominic A - - 2011
Viral bronchiolitis is common, and about 98-99% of infants are managed in the home. Because about 95% of infants < 2 years old are infected with respiratory syncytial virus, however, bronchiolitis is the commonest reason for admission to hospital in the first 6 months of life. It is usually a ...
Liu Lei - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Seasonality in months of births has been found in many congenital deformities, but little data are available in microtia, especially in a Chinese population. The aim of this study was to determine whether births of patients with microtia follow a seasonal pattern in a Chinese population. METHODS: Patients with ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Perinatal health data for Haitians are scant. We evaluated adverse birth outcomes for Haitians in Québec, Canada. We analyzed 2,124,909 live births from 1981 to 2006. Haitian ethnicity was assessed using maternal birth country (Haiti, other Caribbean country, other foreign country, Canada) and home language (Creole, French/English but Creole mother ...
Howland Lois C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate physiologic measures of stress with self-reported perceived stress and depressive symptoms among mothers of preterm babies currently hospitalized in an NICU. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, single-visit study of 20 mothers of hospitalized preterm infants. Data collected included self-report behavioral measures and a ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2011
Introduction: Rates of births attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) rose throughout the 1990s and into the early part of this century, when rates leveled at about 7%. Methods: The data in this report are based on records gathered as part of the US National Standard Certificate of Live Birth from ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2011
We assessed variations in the sensitivity of birth defect diagnoses derived from birth certificate data by maternal, infant, and hospital characteristics. We compared birth certificate data for 1995-2005 births in Atlanta with data from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP). We calculated the sensitivity of birth certificates for reporting ...
Hagmann C F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few cUS studies of cerebral measurements are available for normal term infants. Normative data is important for evaluating cerebral structure size in symptomatic term infants and assessing preterm brain growth by term age. OBJECTIVES: To (i) make linear measurements using cranial ultrasound (cUS) for major cerebral structures and intracranial ...
Jensen T - - 2011
Hypothermia is a major cause of mortality in neonatal piglets. However, there are considerable individual differences in the successful recovery from postnatal hypothermia in the common farrowing environment, and so far the causes and interactions of causes have not been studied in detail. Using 635 crossbred neonatal piglets, the aim ...
Fields David A - - 2011
Reference %fat and total fat-free mass data is necessary for evaluating growth in infants. We aimed to develop longitudinal %fat and total fat-free mass data in infants from birth to 6 months of age. An observational, multicenter, prospective cohort study was conducted with assessments at birth, 1 week, 2 weeks, ...
Abdel-Rahman Susan M - - 2011
Across much of the world, pandemic H1N1 infection has produced a significant healthcare crisis, reflected in significant morbidity and mortality. Statistics reveal that infection-associated deaths among individuals without pre-existing conditions (e.g. immunosuppression) are clustered in pregnant women and young infants. In developing countries where the availability of influenzae vaccine is ...
Magee Laura A - - 2011
Objective: The Canadian Perinatal Network (CPN) maintains an ongoing national database focused on threatened very preterm birth. The objective of the network is to facilitate between-hospital comparisons and other research that will lead to reductions in the burden of illness associated with very preterm birth. Methods: Women were included in ...
Zayek Michael M - - 2011
To establish the limit between beneficial and futile management in the extremely preterm infant, born at the limit of viability, at 22 to 26 weeks of gestational age (GA). Retrospective study (11-year study period). A tertiary regional neonatal unit. Inborn infants (n = 841) with a birth weight of 1000 g or ...
Cicirelli Victor G VG Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907-2004, USA. - - 2011
Meanings of religious and nonreligious spirituality are explored, with implications for death acceptance, death rejection, and life extension. In the first of two exploratory studies, 16 elders low on intrinsic religiosity were compared with 116 elders high in religiosity; they differed both in qualitative responses and on death attitudes. In ...
Cooper R J - - 2011
We describe a series of novel simultaneous EEG and diffuse optical imaging studies of newborn infants. These experiments provide evidence of large, transient haemodynamic events which occur repeatedly and consistently within and across several infants with neurological damage, all of whom were diagnosed with seizures. A simple but independent process ...
St James-Roberts Ian - - 2011
Infants who cry a lot, or are unsettled in the night, are common sources of concern for parents and costly problems for health services. The two types of problems have been linked together and attributed to a general disturbance of infant regulation. Yet the infant behaviours involved present differently, at ...
Boyd Patricia A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To provide current population-based prevalence and prenatal diagnosis rates (PND) for specified major congenital anomalies in England and Wales to enable monitoring of the Fetal Anomaly Screening Programme (FASP). Design Secondary analysis of prospectively collected registry data. SETTING: Seven multiple-source, population-based congenital anomaly registers, members of the British Isles ...
Cole Tim J - - 2011
The adoption in May 2009 by the UK of the WHO 2006 standard necessitated the provision of UK-based birth centiles for pre-term infants. The pre-existing British 1990 reference birth centiles, used in the UK since 1995, had been biased by the inclusion of post-natal data. To describe the construction of ...
De Luca Daniele - - 2011
To verify if secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is increased in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) triggered or not by respiratory syncytial virus infection and to clarify how the enzyme may influence the disease severity and the degree of ventilatory support. Prospective pilot study. Two academic pediatric intensive care units. ...
Ali Sumera - - 2011
To investigate mother's perception and practices about breastfeeding and their socio-demographic correlate in infants equal to or less than 6 months. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 200 mother-infant pairs who visited the health care centers, Bilal Colony (semi-urban) and the Aga Khan University (urban), for their well baby ...
D'Auria Enza - - 2011
We report a case of growth impairment and nutritional deficiencies in a five-month infant fed by unmodified donkey's milk. We discuss the energy and macronutrient daily intake from donkey's milk and the nutritional consequences that can occur if this kind of milk is used unmodified in the first year of ...
Antonoff Mara B - - 2011
In 2006, we introduced a new protocol for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) management featuring nitric oxide in the delivery room, gentle ventilation, lower criteria for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and appropriately timed operative repair on ECMO. Our goals were to assess outcomes after institution of this protocol and to compare ...
Agrasada Grace V - - 2011
Background: to report anthropometry and morbidity among term low birth weight infants and anthropometry of their first time mothers during the first six months in relation to breastfeeding practice. Methods: we examined data from a randomized controlled trial in Manila, the Philippines. Of the 204 mothers randomized, 68 mothers received ...
Demirel Fatma - - 2011
Diazoxide is the main therapeutic agent for persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. Generally, it is tolerated well, but rarely it can cause severe life-threatening complications. We report a neonate who was treated with diazoxide for hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia. On the 6th day of the treatment we observed sepsis-mimicking symptoms, mild pulmonary hypertension, and ...
Rising Russell - - 2011
To date, only short-duration metabolic rate measurements of less than four hours have been used to evaluate prediction equations for calculating energy requirements in healthy infants. Therefore, the objective of this analysis was to utilize direct 24-hour metabolic rate measurements from a prior study to evaluate the accuracy of several ...
Roggero Paola - - 2011
Preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants may be at risk for increased adiposity, especially when experiencing rapid postnatal weight gain. Data on the dynamic features of body weight and fat mass (FM) gain that occurs early in life is scarce. We investigated the postnatal weight and FM gain during ...
Radtke Jill V - - 2011
To synthesize the published research pertaining to breastfeeding establishment and outcomes among late preterm infants and to describe the state of the science on breastfeeding within this population. Online databases Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, and reference lists of reviewed articles. Nine data-based research articles examining breastfeeding patterns and outcomes among ...
Montgomery Ann L - - 2011
The availability of quality data to inform policy is essential to reduce maternal deaths. To characterize maternal deaths in settings without complete vital registration systems, we designed and assessed the inter-rater reliability of a tool to systematically extract data and characterize the events that precede a nationally representative sample of ...
Dattani Nirupa N Department of Midwifery and Child Health, City University, London, - - 2011
Maternity Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data were linked to birth registration and NHS Numbers for Babies (NN4B) data to bring together some key demographic and clinical data items not otherwise available at a national level. This project added to earlier work involving linkage of birth registration records to NN4B records. ...
Lynn Anne M - - 2011
We determined the postoperative pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and analgesic effects of ketorolac in 14 infants (aged <6 months) receiving a single intravenous (IV) administration of racemic ketorolac or placebo. Information on the PK of ketorolac in infants is limited. Unblinded studies suggest ketorolac may be useful in infants. This double-blinded, ...
Fu Jing - - 2010
Objectives. We aimed to construct birth weight-for-gestational age nomograms based on a computerized perinatal data base in a hospital-based Chinese population. Methods. Retrospectively collected 28,052 singleton deliveries at Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China. Standard curves of birth weight from 27 to 43 week's gestation were computed. The nomograms included the ...
Gettler Lee T - - 2010
Human maternal and infant biology likely coevolved in a context of close physical contact and some approximation of frequent, "infant-initiated" breastfeeding. Still, mothers and infants commonly sleep apart from one another in many western societies, indicating a possible "mismatch" between cultural norms and infant biology. Here we present data from ...
Gettler Lee T - - 2011
Human maternal and infant biology likely coevolved in a context of close physical contact and some approximation of frequent, "infant-initiated" breastfeeding. Still, mothers and infants commonly sleep apart from one another in many western societies, indicating a possible "mismatch" between cultural norms and infant biology. Here we present data from ...
Rzehak Peter - - 2011
Canola oil is a variety of rapeseed oil low in erucic acid (<2%). For many years, canola oil has been widely used as an ingredient in infant formula in Europe, but not in North America due to safety concerns. A number of studies have used variable canola content of infant ...
Briefel Ronette R - - 2010
Describe the study design, data collection methods, 24-hour dietary recall protocol, and sample characteristics of the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008. A cross-sectional study designed to obtain information on the diets and feeding patterns of US infants, toddlers, and preschoolers ages birth to 47 months. Telephone interviews with ...
Bentlin Maria Regina - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of and mortality due to meningitis and compare data according to microbiological diagnosis. This was a ten-year retrospective study conducted at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Newborns with meningitis confirmed by positive CSF culture were included; those with congenital ...
Siega-Riz Anna Maria - - 2010
To describe current infant-feeding practices and current food group consumption patterns of infants and toddlers and to compare 2008 data with 2002 data to identify shifts in these practices and food consumption over time. The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 is a cross-sectional survey of a national random ...
Thomas Patricia E - - 2011
Objective: To examine the subset of the infants who died in 2005 from respiratory distress syndrome to determine if racial disparities persist. Design: A secondary data analysis was performed on the data set of infants who died of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the 2005 period linked birth-infant death data ...
Allen Victoria M - - 2010
The Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System has provided a comprehensive review of maternal mortality and severe maternal morbidity in Canada, and has identified several important limitations to existing national maternal data collection systems, including variability in the detail and quality of mortality data. The Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System report recommended the ...
Leon David A DA Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK. - - 2012
The mean birth weight of offspring of Bangladeshi, Indian and Pakistani women tends to be among the lowest of any ethnic groups regardless of country of residence. However, it is unclear whether the mean birth weight of South Asian offspring born in England and Wales is higher among those whose ...
McLeod Gemma - - 2011
Aim:  To document post-discharge feeding practices of preterm infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) and determine if sufficient protein and energy is consumed for optimal growth. Method:  Protein and energy intakes of preterm infants with CLD were quantified through detailed analysis of measured food and fluid intakes at four corrected ...
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