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Results 351 - 400 of 1681
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Olang Beheshteh - - 2012
We have previously shown that in Iran, only 28% of infants were exclusively breastfed at six months, despite a high prevalence of breastfeeding at two years of age. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the reasons women discontinued exclusive breastfeeding. This retrospective study was based on questionnaires ...
Inayati Dyah Ayu - - 2012
This study investigated the infant feeding practices of participating mothers who were recruited into a research project aimed at improving the nutritional status of mildly wasted children (< -1.0 to ≥ -1.5 Weight-for-Height Z-scores) aged ≥ 6 to < 60 months on Nias Island, Indonesia. Cross-sectional, questionnaire-based interview of mothers ...
Fu Shishan - - 2012
Choline is a water-soluble nutrient important for infants' brain and neural development. In infant formulas, choline is one of the important fortified nutrients. A single-laboratory validation study conducted an LC-electrospray ionization-MS/MS to determine total choline in infant formulas. Sample preparation was adopted from AOAC Official Method 999.14, and instrumental running ...
Rozé Jean-Christophe - - 2012
Supplementation of breast milk is difficult once infants suckle the breast and is often discontinued at end of hospitalisation and after discharge. Thus, breastfed preterm infants are exposed to an increased risk of nutritional deficit with a possible consequence on neurodevelopmental outcome. To assess the relationship between breast feeding at ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2012
Human milk produced during prolonged lactation (> 1 year) is extraordinarily rich in fat and has a higher energy content than human milk produced during short lactation. To estimate the fatty acid (FA) profile of human milk and to test the hypothesis that the proportion of C12 and C14 (two ...
Premji Shahirose Sadrudin - - 2012
The focus of this article is on the transition of late preterm infants from hospital to home. The current state of literature related to mortality, morbidities, emergency department visits, and rehospitalization underscores the vulnerability of late preterm infants following discharge from hospital. Universal provision of postpartum care to late preterm ...
Mayuri Meha - - 2012
Background: Milk and dairy products from animal sources (cow's milk or buffalo's milk) are an important part of Indian diet and its consumption starts at an early age. Objective: The purpose of this study is to understand the processing, storage and modifications carried out before bovine milk is fed to ...
Weng Yi-Hao - - 2012
Our objective was to identify the association between maternal diet with Chinese herbal medicines and prolonged jaundice of breast-fed infants. Healthy infants at 25 to 45 days of age were eligible for enrollment into this prospective study. Jaundice was defined as a transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) value ≥ 5 mg/dL. A questionnaire ...
Jirapinyo Pipop - - 2012
The effective treatment of cow milk allergy in infants consists of elimination of cow milk protein and the introduction of formulas based on an extensively hydrolyzed protein formula or an amino acid-based formula. However, about 10% of these infants are still allergic to an extensively hydrolyzed protein formula and an ...
Hudson Ben - - 2012
Many infants have periods of unsettledness, or irritability, over the first months of life. Spilling (or posseting) due to reflux of gastric contents is also seen very frequently. Almost universally, these are normal patterns of infancy (the first 12 months of life) that resolve with the passage of time. In ...
Turck Dominique - - 2012
Powdered infant formula (PIF) can become contaminated during production with harmful bacteria such as Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobactersakazakii). Inadequate conditions of preparation and handling of PIF can therefore exacerbate the risk of severe infection, especially in preterm infants. The WHO emphasized three main interventions for preparation and handling of PIF: ...
Pelfrene Edwin - - 2012
When calculating life expectancy, it is usually assumed that deaths are uniformly distributed within each of the age intervals. As most of the infant deaths are neonatal deaths, this calls for a better assessment for that age group. The Flemish unified death and birth certificates database for all calendar years ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2012
The advent of Internet forums that facilitate peer-to-peer human milk sharing has resulted in health authorities stating that sharing human milk is dangerous. There are risks associated with all forms of infant feeding, including breastfeeding and the use of manufactured infant formulas. However, health authorities do not warn against using ...
Tamiru Dessalegn - - 2012
Studies have shown that sub-optimal breastfeeding is major contributor to infant and young child mortality in Ethiopia. To address this problem, infant and young child feeding guideline was developed in 2004 and interventions have been going on based on the guidelines. There is no study that assessed whether the infant ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2012
Whether the design of an anti-vacuum infant feeding bottle influences infant milk intake, growth or behavior is unknown, and was the subject of this randomized trial. Subjects: 63 (36 male) healthy, exclusively formula-fed term infants. Intervention: Randomisation to use Bottle A (n = 31), one-way air valve: Philips Avent) versus ...
Palma Giada De - - 2012
Interactions between environmental factors and predisposing genes could be involved in the development of coeliac disease (CD). This study has assessed whether milk-feeding type and HLA-genotype influence the intestinal microbiota composition of infants with a family history of CD. The study included 164 healthy newborns, with at least one first-degree ...
Donovan Timothy J - - 2012
Breastmilk remains the optimal form of enteral nutrition for term and preterm infants until up to six months postnatal age. Mothers of preterm infants who have not established suck feeds must express their breastmilk and often have difficulty in maintaining sufficient volume for their infants' needs (Donath 2008). In preterm ...
Jaafar Sharifah Halimah - - 2012
To successfully initiate and maintain breastfeeding for a longer duration, the World Health Organization's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding recommends total avoidance of artificial teats or pacifiers for breastfeeding infants. Offering the pacifier instead of the breast to calm the infant may lead to less frequent episodes of breastfeeding and ...
Davis Regina R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of inadequate gestational weight gain as a cause of infant mortality. Birth and infant death certificate data were obtained from a random sample of 100,000 records from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) 2002 Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant ...
Briassouli Efrossini - - 2012
Glutamine may have benefits during immaturity or critical illness in early life but its effects on outcome end hardpoints are controversial. Our aim was to review randomized studies on glutamine supplementation in pups, infants, and children examining whether glutamine affects outcome. Experimental work has proposed various mechanisms of glutamine action ...
Ashley Claude - - 2012
To ensure the suitability of an infant formula as the sole source of nutrition or provide benefits similar to outcomes in breastfed infants, advancements in formula composition are warranted as more research detailing the nutrient composition of human milk becomes available. This study was designed to evaluate growth and tolerance ...
Barros Fernando C - - 2012
We assessed anthropometric status, breastfeeding duration, morbidity, and mortality outcomes during the first four years of life according to gestational age, in three population-based birth cohorts in the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Total breastfeeding duration, neonatal mortality, infant morbidity and mortality, and anthropometric measures taken at 12 and 48 ...
Colaizy Tarah T - - 2012
To determine the effect of human milk, maternal and donor, on in-hospital growth of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing in-hospital growth in VLBW infants by proportion of human milk diet, including subgroup analysis by maternal or donor milk type. Primary outcome was change ...
Barennes Hubert - - 2012
Developing countries with traditionally breastfeeding are now experiencing the increasing pressure of formula milk marketing. This may endanger lives and undermine the efforts of national policies in achieving the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals. We examined the use of, and factors for use, of all available breast-milk substitutes (BMS) ...
Henrichs Ivanina - - 2012
Around their first year of life, infants are able to anticipate the goal of others' ongoing actions. For instance, 12-month-olds anticipate the goal of everyday feeding actions and manual actions such as reaching and grasping. However, little is known whether the salience of the goal influences infants' online assessment of ...
Bokiniec R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine brain oxygenation in full-term and preterm neonates using near infrared spectroscopy. A total of 88 full-term and preterm newborn infants without hypoxic-ischaemic disorders admitted to the NICU were examined using NIRS on the first day of life and on day 28 of ...
Cruickshank Mark N MN Division of Leukaemia and Cancer Research, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health, University of Western Australia, WA, - - 2012
Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) can be used to investigate links between early life environment, epigenetics and disease. However, such studies raise the question of which came first: the mark or the malady? A recent study has demonstrated that EWAS can be performed on neonatal 'Guthrie' heel-prick blood spots. As Guthrie ...
Kochanek Kenneth D - - 2011
This report presents final 2009 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Information reported on death certificates, which is completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and ...
Poole Alan - - 2011
The mode of action (MOA) underpinning the reproductive toxicity of diiodomethyl-p-tolylsulfone (DIMPTS) is excess systemic iodine levels, resulting in hypothyroidism. This MOA evaluation also addresses the potential for toxicity and adverse health outcomes during critical windows of development for different tissues. The data indicate that testicular development in the neonate ...
Turhan A - - 2011
Background: The total antioxidant capacity of plasma of preterm infants has been suggested to be lower than that of term infants. The objective of this study was to compare the total antioxidant capacity of the breast milk of mothers who delivered prematurely with that of mothers who delivered at term. ...
Wei Yuejiao - - 2011
In September 2008, in China, tens of thousands of children were hospitalized, several even died, as a result of infant-formula milk adulterated with a synthetic chemical compound, melamine, and in the next few months, this crisis became the focus of attention worldwide. Although there are a number of articles about ...
Harper Mairi M Social Policy Research Unit, University of York, York, - - 2011
To identify the relative risk (RR) of mortality in bereaved parents compared with non-bereaved counterparts. Retrospective data linkage study. United Kingdom, 1971-2006. A random sample from death registrations (5%) of parents who had a live birth where the infant lived beyond its first year of life (non-bereaved parents) and parents ...
Rosti L - - 2011
Postoperative nutrition of newborns undergoing heart surgery (HS) is ill-defined. We compared the postoperative growth rates (grams/day) of neonates with congenital heart defects (CHDs) fed with their own mothers' milk (HU), a starting formula (SF; 67 kcal/100 mL), or a "preterm formula" (PF; 80 kcal/100 mL). We studied 122 newborns ...
Quesnel H - - 2011
Colostrum provides newborn piglets with energy, immunoglobulins and growth, thereby playing an essential role in piglet survival. However, colostrum yield and composition are highly variable among sows. Some of the factors involved in this variability have been identified. The aim of the study was to confirm previous findings on a ...
Rosti L - - 2011
Calprotectin is a protein released into stools, used as a marker of inflammation in inflammatory bowel diseases. We tested the hypothesis that cow's milk protein in formula milk may increase the intestinal release of calprotectin, as a consequence of a subclinical inflammatory reaction. At 12 weeks of age, we measured ...
Banta-Wright Sandra A - - 2012
Breast milk is the nutrition of choice for human infants (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2005; American Association of Family Physicians, 2008; Association of Women's Health Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses, 2005; Canadian Paediatric Society, 2005; U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 2008; World Health Organization, 2009). In comparison to standard commercial formula, ...
Sidebotham Peter - - 2011
Background This study used national data to determine if violent child death rates fell between 1974 and 2008. Design Using mortality data from the Office of National Statistics, categories potentially containing violent child deaths were analysed for children aged <1, 1-14 and 15-19 years. These data were compared with Home ...
Elliott Christopher S - - 2011
PURPOSE: Using statewide data, we evaluated whether the changing incidence of penile anomalies and hypospadias is reflected in the diverse California population of newborn males over the past 20 years. METHODS: Discharge data from all California hospitals, prepared by the OSHPD (Sacramento, CA) was reviewed for the years 1985-2006 for ...
Lain Samantha J - - 2011
The aim was to develop a composite outcome indicator to identify infants with severe adverse outcomes in routinely collected population health datasets, and assess the indicator's association with readmission and infant mortality rates. A comprehensive list of diagnoses and procedures indicative of serious neonatal morbidity was compiled based on literature ...
Chung J H - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to examine the effect of hospital-level factors on mortality of very low birth weight infants using multilevel modeling.Study Design:This is a secondary data analysis of California maternal-infant hospital discharge data from 1997 to 2002. The study population was limited to singleton, non-anomalous, very low ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2011
We retrospectively assessed the yield of early postnatal ultrasound scans in neonates with documented antenatal hydronephrosis. We reviewed recording data of prenatal renal ultrasound for 178 newborn infants and the results of renal ultrasound performed during the first days of life. Of 119 infants with prenatal diagnosis of mild hydronephrosis ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2011
Despite the introduction of 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17P), the national preterm birth (PTB) rate remains unchanged. Our objectives were to determine whether the overall rate of PTB has decreased and whether there has been a shift in the trends of prematurity at our institution since the initiation of 17P use. We ...
van den Berg Hendrik - - 2011
Below a certain age protocols in pediatric oncology on cytostatic drug therapy advise use, of other parameters such as weight for dosing; this instead of the most conventional parameter, i.e. body surface area. In infants it is not uncommon that additional reductions are put on top of this for each ...
Fitzgerald Dominic A - - 2011
Viral bronchiolitis is common, and about 98-99% of infants are managed in the home. Because about 95% of infants < 2 years old are infected with respiratory syncytial virus, however, bronchiolitis is the commonest reason for admission to hospital in the first 6 months of life. It is usually a ...
Liu Lei - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Seasonality in months of births has been found in many congenital deformities, but little data are available in microtia, especially in a Chinese population. The aim of this study was to determine whether births of patients with microtia follow a seasonal pattern in a Chinese population. METHODS: Patients with ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Perinatal health data for Haitians are scant. We evaluated adverse birth outcomes for Haitians in Québec, Canada. We analyzed 2,124,909 live births from 1981 to 2006. Haitian ethnicity was assessed using maternal birth country (Haiti, other Caribbean country, other foreign country, Canada) and home language (Creole, French/English but Creole mother ...
Howland Lois C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate physiologic measures of stress with self-reported perceived stress and depressive symptoms among mothers of preterm babies currently hospitalized in an NICU. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, single-visit study of 20 mothers of hospitalized preterm infants. Data collected included self-report behavioral measures and a ...
Declercq Eugene - - 2011
Introduction: Rates of births attended by certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) rose throughout the 1990s and into the early part of this century, when rates leveled at about 7%. Methods: The data in this report are based on records gathered as part of the US National Standard Certificate of Live Birth from ...
Boulet Sheree L - - 2011
We assessed variations in the sensitivity of birth defect diagnoses derived from birth certificate data by maternal, infant, and hospital characteristics. We compared birth certificate data for 1995-2005 births in Atlanta with data from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP). We calculated the sensitivity of birth certificates for reporting ...
Hagmann C F - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Few cUS studies of cerebral measurements are available for normal term infants. Normative data is important for evaluating cerebral structure size in symptomatic term infants and assessing preterm brain growth by term age. OBJECTIVES: To (i) make linear measurements using cranial ultrasound (cUS) for major cerebral structures and intracranial ...
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