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Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat - - 2012
A neonatal tooth is defined as a tooth, which erupts within the first month of life. Herein, we report a premature infant with a neonatal tooth.
Black M Jane - - 2012
Preterm birth is defined as birth prior to 37 completed weeks of gestation and comprises 9.6% of total births worldwide(1) . Preterm birth can be further sub-classified into near term (birth at 34 - 37 weeks gestation), moderately preterm (birth between 32 and 33 weeks of gestation), very preterm (birth ...
Rao Raghavendra R Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Minnesota, Mayo Mail Code 391, 420 Delaware Street, SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, - - 2013
Iron deficiency anemia affects many pregnant women and young infants worldwide. The health impact is significant, given iron's known role in many body functions, including oxidative and lipid metabolism, protein synthesis and brain neurochemistry. The following research determined if (1)H NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could detect ...
Delfosse N M NM University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2013
To determine acceptance of donor human milk (DM) for feeding preterm infants and whether offering DM, alters mothers' milk (MM) feeding. Infant feeding data were collected from medical records of 650 very preterm infants enrolled between 2006-2011 in two hospital level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Cincinnati, Ohio. ...
Olza Fernández Ibone - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Maternal-infant separation (MIS) is a highly stressful situation for the neonate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted to observe and describe the reactions of term neonates to brief maternal separation and restoration of skin contact within the first 48h of life, and to assess whether the mode of ...
Wille David-Alexander - - 2012
Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a histiocytic proliferative disease that predominantly affects the skin. Extracutaneous involvement is rare. We present the case of a 6-month-old infant with acute paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intraspinal extradural mass at midthoracic level with marked compression of the spinal cord. Complete tumor removal was achieved ...
Savino F - - 2012
Aim: To investigate the role of ghrelin and obestatin in infancy. Methods: We measured ghrelin and obestatin concentrations in blood samples of infants, lactating mothers, and in breast milk. Results: The median (interquartile range) serum ghrelin concentrations were 922.11 (868.44) pg/ml in infants, 667.88 (942.78) pg/ml in lactating mothers, and ...
Komuro Hiroaki - - 2012
The authors report on 3 infants below 6 months of age at diagnosis, with cervicomediastinal neuroblastoma who presented with life-threatening tracheal obstruction as an oncologic emergency. These neuroblastomas were characterized by favorable biology and chemoresistance. All initially grew rapidly before spontaneously regressing. Nerve injuries occurred in all patients as a ...
Rumisha S F - - 2012
Lack of birth and death registries in most of developing countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa led to the establishment of Demographic Surveillance Systems (DSS) sites which monitor large population cohorts within defined geographical areas. DSS collects longitudinal data on migration, births, deaths and their causes via verbal autopsies. DSS ...
Kandraju Hemasree - - 2012
Background: Preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) benefit from early application of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). However, it is not clear whether surfactant should be administered early as a routine to all such infants or later in a selective manner. Objective: It was the aim of this ...
Blanco Cynthia L CL Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA. - - 2013
Transient neonatal hyperglycemia (HG) has been reported in up to 80% of extremely preterm human infants. We hypothesize that severe HG is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in preterm baboons. Sixty-six baboons born at 67% of gestation were studied. HG was defined as serum glucose level ≥150 mg/dl during ...
Aguilera Inmaculada - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prenatal and early life periods may be critical windows for harmful effects of air pollution on infant health. OBJECTIVES: We studied the association of air pollution exposure during pregnancy and the first year of life with respiratory illnesses, ear infections, and eczema during the first 12-18 months of age ...
Christoffersen-Deb Astrid - - 2012
This article addresses birth and the recognition of personhood. It is about the calculated acts of recognition that take place at the beginnings of life when the obligation to protect and extend physical care is uncertain. It examines these dilemmas from the perspective of clinicians and scientists who assist in ...
Paul Siba Prosad - - 2012
Community practitioners play a vital role in child health promotion. The first few months in an infant's life can be a very anxious period for parents. Minor issues, such as hydrocele and haemangiomas, can worry parents and reassurance is all that is required. However, at times community practitioners may be ...
Hillman Noah H NH Division of Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML#7029, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, - - 2012
The transition from fetus to newborn is the most complex adaptation that occurs in human experience. Lung adaptation requires coordinated clearance of fetal lung fluid, surfactant secretion, and onset of consistent breathing. The cardiovascular response requires striking changes in blood flow, pressures, and pulmonary vasodilation. Energy metabolism and thermoregulation must ...
Herba Catherine M - - 2012
Breastfeeding during infancy is associated with a range of short- and long-term health benefits. We examine whether breastfeeding in the first 2 months of life is associated with structural markers of brain development in infants from the general population. This study was embedded within the Generation R study. Cranial ultrasounds ...
Franco Bagnoli - - 2012
Several studies have shown that small for gestational age (SGA) babies have a different hormonal profile than those born with a birth weight appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Thyroid hormones play an important role in growth and neurocognitive development. Only few studies analyzed the concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and ...
van der Gugten Anne C AC Dept of Paediatric Pulmonology, Wilhelmina Children’s Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands. - - 2013
Studies of reduced neonatal lung function and wheezing illnesses during childhood show conflicting results. The aim of our study was to assess the association between resistance (Rrs) and compliance (Crs) of the respiratory system by using the single occlusion technique (SOT) and prospectively collected wheezing illnesses during the first 5 ...
Lestner Jodi M - - 2012
Invasive fungal infections, although relatively rare, are life-threatening diseases in premature infants and immunocompromised children. While many advances have been made in antifungal therapeutics in the last two decades, knowledge of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antifungal agents in infants and children remains incomplete. This review summarises the pharmacology and ...
Stocks Janet - - 2012
Lung disease begins early in life in cystic fibrosis (CF), yet our understanding of CF lung abnormalities in the first years of life remains limited. By facilitating earlier diagnosis, newborn screening for CF provides the opportunity to understand and characterize presymptomatic lung disease in infants and young children. This could ...
Iwatani Sota - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Extremely premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) are at high risk for death and developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Despite surfactant treatment for RDS at birth, many premature infants with prolonged ventilation will develop respiratory deterioration necessitating increased oxygen and pressure, as early as the second week of life. ...
Cruickshank Mark N - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) can be used to investigate links between early life environment, epigenetics and disease. However, such studies raise the question of which came first: the mark or the malady? A recent study has demonstrated that EWAS can be performed on neonatal 'Guthrie' heel-prick blood spots. As ...
Eisermann M - - 2013
The important EEG changes that occur throughout childhood are a major challenge for the neurophysiologist. These reflect brain maturation, which is especially fast during the first year of life. This article describes normal EEG features and variants, characteristic patterns of development, as well as some patterns that are unusual for ...
Disilvestro Russell - - 2012
The idea that we human beings have souls that can continue to have conscious experiences after the deaths of our bodies is controversial in contemporary academic bioethics; this idea is obviously present whenever questions about harm at the end of life are discussed, but this idea is often ignored or ...
Wehby George L GL Department of Health Management and Policy, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2013
To study the effects of altitude on infant neurodevelopment in the first 2 years of life. Data from a unique study of normal infant neurodevelopment in 5 South American countries were used. The sample included 2116 infants 3-24 months of age who were evaluated for neurodevelopmental problems by study physicians ...
Nevéus T - - 2012
This review aims to provide researchers and clinicians involved with the adult lower urinary tract with background knowledge regarding the early development of bladder function and its most common disturbances in childhood. Bladder development begins in weeks 4-6 and the detrusor muscle is formed during weeks 9-12 of gestation. Higher ...
Gurven Michael M University of California-Santa Barbara, Department of Anthropology, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA. - - 2012
Indigenous populations experience higher rates of poverty, disease and mortality than non-indigenous populations. To gauge current and future risks among Tsimane Amerindians of Bolivia, I assess mortality rates and growth early in life, and changes in risks due to modernization, based on demographic interviews conducted Sept. 2002-July 2005. Tsimane have ...
Ettema Eric J - - 2012
According to a widely accepted belief, we cannot know our own death-death means 'nothing' to us. At first sight, the meaning of 'nothing' just implies the negation or absence of 'something'. Death then simply refers to the negation or absence of life. As a consequence, however, death has no meaning ...
Carey John C - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At the time of diagnosis of the trisomy 18 and trisomy 13, parents and care providers face difficult and challenging decisions regarding management. Because of the increased infant mortality and developmental outcome associated with both conditions, the conventional approach to management has been to withhold technological support. ...
Martinelli Stefano - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate the relationship between arterial saturation values determined by pulse oximetry in the first weeks of life on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Methods: Randomized and observational studies were sought that compare the incidence of ROP in babies with high or low oxygen saturation targeting assisted ...
Samra Haifa Abou - - 2012
Adverse experiences early in life have the potential to disrupt normal brain development and create stress response channels in preterm infants that are different from those observed in term infants. Animal models show that epigenetic modifications mediate the effects of maternal separation and environmental stress on susceptibility to disease and ...
Fanni Daniela - - 2012
An emerging hypothesis from the recent literature explain how specific adverse factors related with growth retardation as well as of low birth weight (LBW) might influence renal development during fetal life and then the insurgence of hypertension and renal disease in adulthood. In this article, after introducing a brief overview ...
Yaseen Hakam - - 2012
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a life-threatening neonatal pathology resulting from poor hemodynamic and respiratory transition to extra uterine life. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a current, commonly used treatment of PPHN. However, iNO is not available therapy in many developing countries and around 50% of infants ...
Elser Heather E - - 2012
To assess how different infant positions and peak sound levels affected cerebral oxygen saturation over time. Twenty-four premature infants who were born less than 32 weeks' gestational age without congenital cardiac, neurologic, and gastrointestinal anomalies. Repeated-measures design with the first observation between 2 and 48 hours of life; once again ...
Mohamed W A Wahab - - 2012
Objective: To determine the relationship between cord blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D] concentrations and the subsequent risk of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) in the first 2 years of life.Patients and Methods: Cord blood from 206 newborns was tested for 25 (OH) D. Medical records covering the first ...
Prusa Andrea-Romana - - 2012
Congenital toxoplasmosis is a worldwide health problem, and different screening strategies exist. Testing of toxoplasma-specific antibodies in infants identifies congenital toxoplasmosis during the first year of life. However, experience with commercial available immunoassays is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate both the performance and analytical characteristics of ...
Lutter Chessa K - - 2012
Child undernutrition is a major public health challenge, estimated to be responsible for 2.2 million annual deaths. Implementation of available interventions could prevent one-third of these deaths. Emerging evidence suggests that breast-feeding can lead to improvements in intelligence quotient in children and lower risks of noncommunicable diseases in mothers and ...
Thum Caroline - - 2012
The gastrointestinal microbiota plays an important role in maintaining host health by preventing the colonization of pathogens, fermenting dietary compounds, and maintaining normal mucosal immunity. Particularly in early life, the composition of the microbiota profoundly influences the development and maturation of the GIT mucosa, which may affect health in later ...
Mosek-Eilon Vered - - 2012
The transition to parenthood marks an important developmental stage in adult life, associated with unique challenges to the partners' conflict dialogue in the formation of the family unit. Utilizing a biobehavioral experimental design, we examined the potential positive effects of the infant on the couple's conflict discussion. One hundred forty ...
Gelfand Amy A - - 2012
Childhood periodic syndromes are thought to be early life expressions of the genetic tendency for migraine. The objective of this study was to determine whether maternal migraine is associated with an increased risk of infant colic, because this may indicate that colic is a childhood periodic syndrome. This was a ...
Vilahur Nadia - - 2012
Individuals born very preterm (before 33 weeks' gestation; VPT) are at risk of life-long, neurological impairments, behavioural and other health problems. It is not clear whether these neurodevelomental abnormalities originate prenatally, postnatally or a combination of both. Dermatoglyphics are stable ectodermal markers of neurodevelopmental disruption in the early prenatal period, ...
Liao Sui-Ling - - 2012
NF-κB dysfunction resulting from NEMO (NF-kappaB essential modulator) mutation can lead to significant alterations in cytokine production. However, little is known about changes in the expression of downstream molecules in patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP). We aim to investigate serial cytokine expressions during the first 2 years of life in ...
Stone Sarah Ahlander - - 2012
Dialogical Self Theory, co-regulation, and foundational movement analysis are used to present a description of the development of the dialogical self during the first five months of life using observations of two mother-infant dyads. Susan and her mother illustrate normative emergence of the dialogical self. Susan's I-positions emerge through positive ...
Izumi H - - 2012
We previously reported that microRNA (miRNA) is present in human breast milk. Recently, other groups have reported that bovine milk also contains miRNA; however, these reports are few. We therefore investigated bovine milk miRNA using microarray and quantitative PCR analyses to identify the differences between colostrum and mature milk. The ...
Leong Pamela Margaret - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) describes dental caries affecting children aged 0-71 months. Current research suggests ECC has important aetiological bases during the first year of life. Gaps in knowledge about disease progression prevent the effective and early identification of 'at risk' children. AIM: To conduct a systematic review of research ...
De Leoz Maria Lorna A - - 2012
Breast milk is the ideal nutrition for term infants but must be supplemented to provide adequate growth for most premature infants. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are remarkably abundant and diverse in breast milk and yet provide no nutritive value to the infant. HMOs appear to have at least two major ...
Soto-Ramirez Nelis - - 2012
Background: Controversies regarding infant feeding and childhood wheezing may result from insufficient differentiation among various feeding modes.Objectives: We conducted prospective analyses of associations between the repeated ascertainment of feeding mode and wheezing in infancy.Methods: The Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2833 infants) provided data on coughing/wheezing episodes (CWEs) at 8 ...
Welborn Jessica Marie - - 2012
Background: The continued ability for a mother to produce breast milk following the death of her baby in utero, at birth, or during the postpartum period is an aspect of perinatal loss that is rarely acknowledged.Objectives: To explore the lived experience of bereaved mothers who chose to express and donate ...
Hoa Nguyen Phuong - - 2012
To report methods and results from a national sample mortality surveillance programme implemented in Viet Nam in 2009. A national sample of 192 communes located in 16 provinces and covering a population of approximately 2.6 million was selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. Deaths for 2009 were identified from several local data ...
Abdelhamid Adel Elsayed - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: We have previously reported evidence of in-vitro sensitisation to cow's milk protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in preterm infants with necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). In this study we document the changes in the PBMC responses to stimulation with mitogen ((phytohaemagluttinin, (PHA)) and cow's milk proteins ß-lactoglobulin (ß-lg) and ...
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