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Results 101 - 150 of 1691
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Southgate Victoria - - 2013
It is well established that, from an early age, human infants interpret the movements of others as actions directed towards goals. However, the cognitive and neural mechanisms which underlie this ability are hotly debated. The current study was designed to identify brain regions involved in the representation of others' goals ...
Dórea José G - - 2013
This review explores the different aspects of constitutional factors in early life that modulate toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics of low-dose mercury resulting from acute ethylmercury (etHg) exposure in Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCV). Major databases were searched for human and experimental studies that addressed issues related to early life exposure to TCV. It ...
Telzer Eva H EH Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA. - - 2013
In the current study, we investigated how complete infant deprivation to out-group race impacts behavioral and neural sensitivity to race. Although monkey models have successfully achieved complete face deprivation in early life, this is typically impossible in human studies. We overcame this barrier by examining youths with exclusively homogenous racial ...
de Weerth Carolina - - 2013
Up to around a quarter of all infants cry excessively and unsoothably during their first months of life. This phenomenon has been termed "infant colic." In most cases, physicians are unable to determine the cause of the colicky behavior. In a recent study, and by means of comprehensive and deep ...
Duerden Emma G - - 2013
Intensive resuscitation at birth has been linked to intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in the preterm neonate. However, the impact of less intensive resuscitation on more subtle alterations in brain metabolic development is largely unknown. Our objective was to determine the relationship between the intensity of neonatal resuscitation following preterm birth on ...
Shaw Alison - - 2013
This article is about the recognition of personhood when death occurs in early life. Drawing from anthropological perspectives on personhood at the beginnings and ends of life, it examines the implications of competing religious and customary definitions of personhood for a small sample of young British Pakistani Muslim women who ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2013
Transcutaneous bilirubinometry is widely used to predict hyperbilirubinemia by using several devices. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive ability of BiliCheck vs JM-103 in identifying neonates not at risk of significant hyperbilirubinemia, putting the data obtained with the two instruments on our transcutaneous bilirubin nomogram built ...
Kinney Hannah C - - 2013
Witnessed reports of sudden death are rare, but critical to deciphering its mechanism(s). We report such a death in a seemingly healthy 8-month-old boy in whom seizures and respiratory distress in the prone position were witnessed upon discovery during a sleep period. Following cardiopulmonary resuscitation, anoxic encephalopathy resulted in "brain ...
Oozeer Raish - - 2013
Human milk is generally accepted as the best nutrition for newborns and has been shown to support the optimal growth and development of infants. On the basis of scientific insights from human-milk research, a specific mixture of nondigestible oligosaccharides has been developed, with the aim to improve the intestinal microbiota ...
Yapakçı Ece - - 2013
Background: This study aimed to examine the differences between arterial and inferior caval vein oxygen saturation, fractional oxygen extraction, and the shunt index, which were calculated in the diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus. Methods: Twenty-seven preterm infants were included in this study and were divided into two groups according to ...
Ray Kristin N - - 2013
The goal of this study was to describe hospitalizations of infants during the first year of life according to week of gestational age (GA). We hypothesized that odds of any hospitalization would generally decrease with increasing GA, with late preterm infants experiencing additional increased risk of specific hospitalizations, such as ...
Said Habib Hamed H Dr.amed Said HabibDean, Rabigh College of Medicine, Associate Professor and Consultant of Pediatrics, Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi - - 2013
Transition from a parallel circulation in utero to an in-series circulation immediately after birth is partly an oxygen-dependent process. Relative hypoxemia with increasing altitude above sea level exerts a certain degree of stress on oxygen-dependent metabolic processes throughout the body. The present study aimed to determine the reference values for ...
Rath M E A - - 2013
Ferritin levels are often highly elevated at birth in neonates with alloimmune haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN). Data on ferritin levels in these infants in the first 3 months of life are lacking. Objective of this study was to examine the course of iron status and incidence of ...
Lehtonen Eveliina - - 2013
To examine the use of vitamin D supplements during infancy among the participants in an international infant feeding trial. Longitudinal study. Information about vitamin D supplementation was collected through a validated FFQ at the age of 2 weeks and monthly between the ages of 1 month and 6 months. Infants ...
Georgi Gilda - - 2013
Human milk contains complex carbohydrates that are important dietary factors with multiple functions during early life. Several aspects of these glycostructures are human specific; some aspects vary between lactating women, and some change during the course of lactation. This review outlines how variability of complex glycostructures present in human milk ...
Guimarães Elaine Leonezi - - 2013
The aims of this systematic literature review were to examine and discuss studies that investigated reaching in preterm infants during the first year of life. Databases were searched using keywords such as "reaching," "grasping", "preterm" and "premature", in addition to specific terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): "motor skills", ...
Pickles Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The low expression polymorphism of the MAOA gene in interaction with adverse environments (G × E) is associated with antisocial behaviour disorders. These have their origins in early life, but it is not known whether MAOA G × E occurs in infants. We therefore examined whether MAOA G × ...
Vasudevan Chakrapani - - 2013
Neonatal seizures constitute the most frequent and distinctive neurological symptom in the neonatal period. Seizures in the neonatal period differ considerably from those observed later in life with respect to their aetiological profile and clinical presentation. In addition, the aetiological profile in preterm infants is different from that seen in ...
Kapadia Vishal S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early hyperoxemia in neonates with severe perinatal acidemia is associated with the development of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). STUDY DESIGN: We identified 120 infants at ≥36 weeks gestational age with perinatal acidosis born at Parkland Hospital who qualified for a screening neurologic exam for cooling therapy. Based ...
Williamson James R - - 2013
Apnea of prematurity is a common disorder of respiratory control among preterm infants, with potentially serious adverse consequences on infant development. We review the capability for automatically assessing apnea risk and predicting apnea episodes from multimodal physiological measurements, and for using this knowledge to provide timely therapeutic intervention. We also ...
Lestner Jodi M JM Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2013
Invasive fungal infections, although relatively rare, are life-threatening diseases in premature infants and immunocompromised children. While many advances have been made in antifungal therapeutics in the last two decades, knowledge of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antifungal agents for infants and children remains incomplete. This review summarizes the pharmacology and ...
Fonseca Ana - - 2013
The present study examined psychological adjustment in parents of infants with congenital anomalies (CAs), focusing on the interval from the disclosure of the diagnosis to six months after the infant's birth and considering the effects of the parent's gender and the timing of diagnosis (pre- vs postnatal). Within-group diversity was ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2013
This report presents abridged cause-elimination life tables and multiple-decrement life table functions for 33 selected causes of death, by race (white and black) and sex, for the total United States. It is the fourth in a set of reports that present life table data for the United States and each ...
Gezmish Oksan - - 2013
Vitamin D deficiency is a major worldwide public health problem affecting people of all ages, from infants to the elderly. Of particular concern is the high incidence of vitamin D deficiency in women during pregnancy and lactation, leading to the exposure of the growing fetus/infant to inadequate levels of vitamin ...
Sundaram Maria E - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding of newborns, a practice recommended by WHO, is hindered in many countries by practices such as prelacteal feeding (feeding other foods before breast milk is fed to infants). This paper describes maternal and infant characteristics and trends over time associated with early neonatal feeding (ENF) in Bangladesh. The ...
Murphy Sherry L - - 2013
This report presents final 2010 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Information reported on death certificates, which is completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and ...
O'Sullivan Aifric - - 2013
Epidemiological research has indicated a relationship between infant formula feeding and increased risk of chronic diseases later in life including obesity, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The present study used an infant rhesus monkey model to compare the comprehensive metabolic implications of formula- and breast-feeding practices using NMR spectroscopy to ...
Preer Genevieve - - 2013
Abstract Background and Objective: Until 2010, newborns at our institution were bathed in the nursery at approximately 2 hours of life. In May 2010, infant baths were delayed until at least 12 hours of life. Infants are now bathed in the hospital room with parents' participation and are placed skin-to-skin ...
Knoepffler Nikolaus Johannes - - 2013
The basic human experience of the atrocities in the first half of the 20th century has significantly strengthened the recognition of human dignity and human rights for all born people at the political level. Therefore, the Charter of the United Nations in 1945 and its Universal Declaration of Human Rights ...
Goldman Ran D - - 2013
Question As a family physician who frequently attends deliveries and follows up with neonates, parents often ask me if they can provide their newborns with pacifiers in order to calm infants down, reduce crying, and improve sleep. Is pacifier use safe in the first month of life? Answer While pacifiers ...
Kassar Samir B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for neonatal mortality, focusing on factors related to assistance care during the prenatal period, childbirth, and maternal reproductive history. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted in Maceió, Northeastern Brazil. The sample consisted of 136 cases and 272 controls selected from official Brazilian databases. The ...
Chapman Derek A - - 2013
This paper examined the generational recurrence of low birthweight (LBW) among first-born singletons using a statewide maternally-linked birth dataset. An intergenerational dataset was created by linking 2005-2009 to 1960-1997 Virginia resident live birth data. Maternal information from the recent birth cohort was linked to infant information in the historic birth ...
Johns H M HM Mother & Child Health Research, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia. - - 2013
To examine in-hospital infant feeding practices, focusing on initiation and prevalence of breastmilk expression and to describe the proportion of women having a breast pump immediately after birth. Postpartum women were recruited from three hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, between 2009 and 2011. having had a healthy singleton term infant, intending ...
Kanavaki Aikaterini - - 2013
The authors report a case of a preterm infant at 29 weeks of gestation who gradually developed a Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) with hydrocephalus due to a premature unilateral fusion of the posterior intraoccipital synchondrosis. Brain ultrasonography results in the 1st week of life were normal. Follow-up ultrasonography showed ...
Jiang Xiaodong - - 2013
Cyanobacterial blooms are becoming potent agents of natural selection in aquatic ecosystems because of their high production of some toxins and increased frequency in recent decades with eutrophication and climate change. Maternal exposure to the toxic Microcystis aeruginosa significantly increased the intrinsic rates of population increase, average life span, and ...
Dargaville Peter A - - 2013
Background: Preterm infants ≤32 weeks' gestation are increasingly being managed on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), without prior intubation and surfactant therapy. Some infants treated in this way ultimately fail on CPAP and require intubation and ventilation. Objectives: To define the incidence, predictors and consequences of CPAP failure in preterm ...
Faas Ana Eugenia - - 2013
This study evaluated the neonatal responsiveness to the odor of amniotic fluid during the first hours of life. Twenty five newborn infants born by C-section at 36-40 weeks of gestation were evaluated with 1; 5 or 25 drops of amniotic fluid at 1 hour, 3.5 hours and 6 hours of ...
Mian Asma - - 2013
The 16th century French anatomist Guillaume Rondelet will be remembered as a great naturalist and a founder of ichthyology. Little known to most is that Rondelet was a proficient anatomist and contemporary to Vesalius and in fact, both studied anatomy under Johannes Guinter. Even less known is that he established ...
Albertine Kurt H KH Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84158-1289, USA. - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is among the most common chronic lung diseases in infants in the US. Improved survival of preterm infants who developed BPD is becoming increasingly important because of the high risk for persistent pulmonary morbidities such as poor respiratory gas exchange, pulmonary hypertension, and excess airway expiratory resistance ...
Khajeh Ladbon - - 2013
Apneic neonatal seizures can present as apparent life-threatening events. We report a newborn with unexplained episodes of apnea associated with cyanosis and desaturation, starting on the first day postpartum. Biochemical tests were normal. Central nervous system infections as well as abnormalities of upper airways and cardiovascular system were excluded. Brain ...
Mastrangelo Massimo - - 2013
Early-onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEEs) are characterised by epileptic seizures beginning in the first months of life, abnormal background EEG activity, and are associated with severe developmental delay and poor prognosis. Mutations and deletions in the STXBP1 gene are associated with Ohtahara syndrome, also known as "early infantile epileptic encephalopathy". We ...
Mirza Hussnain H Department of Pediatrics, Alpert Medical School, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Brown University, Providence, RI 02905, - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that administration of indomethacin prophylaxis before 6 hours of life results in a lower incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) compared with administration after 6 hours of life, and that the effects of early prophylaxis depend on gestational age (GA) and sex in very low birth weight ...
Singh Kavita - - 2013
Globally 40 % of deaths to children under-five occur in the very first month of life with three-quarters of these deaths occurring during the first week of life. The promotion of delivery with a skilled birth attendant (SBA) is being promoted as a strategy to reduce neonatal mortality. This study explored ...
Lobo Michele A MA University of Delaware, Physical Therapy Department, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2013
Infants born preterm have increased risk for learning disabilities yet we lack assessments to successfully detect these disabilities in early life. We followed 23 full-term and 29 preterm infants from birth through 24 months to assess for differences in and stability of learning abilities across time. Measures included the Bayley-III ...
Baerts Willem - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Indomethacin has vasoactive properties in cerebral and systemic vascular beds, and it improves cerebral autoregulatory ability. We speculated that tocolytic indomethacin will improve cerebral autoregulatory ability in the very preterm infant in early postnatal life. METHODS: Eighteen stable preterm infants gestational age (GA) 25.3-29.6 weeks, birth weight (BW) 660-1430 ...
Auerbach Adi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and blood glucose variables during the first 96 hours of life in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants with IVH grade 3-4 (n = 70) were compared with matched infants of similar gestational age and birth weight, but with no ...
Hamlin J Kiley - - 2013
Adults tend to like individuals who are similar to themselves, and a growing body of recent research suggests that even infants and young children prefer individuals who share their attributes or personal tastes over those who do not. In this study, we examined the nature and development of attitudes toward ...
Boccolini Cristiano Siqueira - - 2013
To analyze the correlation between breastfeeding in the first hour of life with neonatal mortality rates. The present study used secondary data from 67 countries, obtained from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Initially, for data analysis, Spearman Correlation (95% CI) and Kernel graphical analysis were employed, followed by a Negative ...
Chatterjee Sayan - - 2013
Neonatal tetanus is still prevalent in developing countries such as India. Generally, neonatal tetanus is seen in babies of unimmunized mothers beyond the second day of life. A neonate presented to us on the 4th hour of birth with a periumbilical ulcer. The baby's antenatal and birth history was uneventful. ...
Filler Guido - - 2013
Je-Hyan Lee et al. have published a study on cystatin C concentrations in the first 30 days of life in 127 pre-term and 119 term neonates in this edition of Pediatric Nephrology, thereby closing a knowledge gap of detailed cystatin C concentrations beyond 72 h of life by day of life ...
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