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Mandalaywala Tara M TM Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, U.S.A ; Department of Comparative Human Development, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Weaning, characterized by maternal reduction of resources, is both psychologically and energetically stressful to mammalian offspring. Despite the importance of physiology in this process, previous studies have reported only indirect measures of weaning stress from infants, because of the difficulties of collecting physiological measures from free-ranging mammalian infants. Here we ...
Kohler S S Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, - - 2014
Implementation of ABO-incompatible (ABOi) pediatric heart transplantation has contributed to significant reduction in the mortality of infants on the waiting list, without increasing the risk of rejection. This has been attributed to the immature and therefore not fully competent immune system in this population group, which results in lower production ...
Moding Kameron J KJ Department of Human Development and Family Studies, 315 Health and Human Development East Building, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether infant temperament and previous feeding history were associated with infants' acceptance and rejection of a novel food at 12 months of age. Mother-infant dyads (n = 89) were video-recorded during a novel food (hummus, cottage cheese) feeding task. Infants' reactions (acceptance and ...
Kishore J J Department of Microbiology Sanjay Gandhi Post-Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) triggered by Parvovirus B19 and Epstein-Barr virus co-infection is rare and unknown in infants. A 2-month-old male infant with fever, rash, bicytopenia and hepato-splenomegaly died owing to diagnostic dilemmas. Hence simply testing for hyperferritinaemia and hypertriglyceridemia/hypofibrinogenemia could diagnose HLH early while robust treatment be life-saving.
Kanhere Sujata S Department of Paediatrics, K. J. Somaiya Medical College and Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2014
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a potentially fatal syndrome that results from inappropriate activation of the immune system. Many viral agents are known to trigger HLH but cytomegalovirus (CMV) associated HLH is rarely described. We report a case of CMV related HLH in a 3½ month old immunocompetent male infant who ...
Scherr Arthur A New York City - - 2014
In his works, Caligula and L'Etranger, Albert Camus created two characters, Caligula and Meursault, who rejected the possibility of their mortality. They considered themselves immortal. In accordance with Freud's argument in "Our Attitude Towards Death," their unconscious denied their death.
Meristo Marek M Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, - - 2014
Three experiments provide evidence of an incipient sense of fairness in preverbal infants. Ten-month-old infants were shown cartoon videos with two agents, the 'donors', who distributed resources to two identical recipients. One donor always distributed the goods equally, while the other performed unequal distributions by giving everything to one recipient. ...
Kozhimannil Katy Backes KB Division of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA. - - 2013
We compared childbirth-related outcomes for Medicaid recipients who received prenatal education and childbirth support from trained doulas with outcomes from a national sample of similar women and estimated potential cost savings. We calculated descriptive statistics for Medicaid-funded births nationally (from the 2009 Nationwide Inpatient Sample; n = 279,008) and births ...
Marchant Elizabeth A - - 2013
Neonates, especially those born prematurely, are at high risk of morbidity and mortality from sepsis. Multiple factors, including prematurity, invasive life-saving medical interventions, and immaturity of the innate immune system, put these infants at greater risk of developing infection. Although advanced neonatal care enables us to save even the most ...
do Sameiro Barroso Maria - - 2013
This article focuses on cesarean section carried out after the mother's death to rescue the living infant and on embryotomy, a medical procedure to save the mother described as early as the Hippocratic writings (5th to 4th century B.C.) and practiced until the times of Paul of Aegina (7th century ...
Zaleskiewicz Tomasz - - 2013
Four studies tested the idea that saving money can buffer death anxiety and constitute a more effective buffer than spending money. Saving can relieve future-related anxiety and provide people with a sense of control over their fate, thereby rendering death thoughts less threatening. Study 1 found that participants primed with ...
Satar Mehmet - - 2012
Sepsis-related morbidity and mortality are increasing concerns in all Neonatal Intensive Care Units, with reported incidences that are dramatically high regardless of the improvements in the quality of neonatal assistance. Preterm neonates display clinical characteristics that make them prone to infections. Neonatal sepsis is one of the major causes of ...
Ebbesen Finn - - 2012
Aim:  To investigate the trueness and uncertainty of two transcutaneous bilirubinometers BiliCheck and Minolta JM-103 in preterm infants; establish cut-off values for the transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) level, indicating the need for total serum bilirubin (TsB) measurement; and estimate how many blood samples could be saved. Methods:  In 133 neonates with ...
Sürmeli-Onay Ozge - - 2012
A significant ratio of late preterm infants receives surfactant therapy (ST) for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and for other neonatal lung diseases characterized by surfactant inactivation or dysfunction. We aimed to investigate the clinical and therapeutic characteristics and outcomes of late preterm infants who received ST in the last 10 ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2012
Mortality from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has decreased substantially from the late 1980s. This has been attributed to the change in infant sleep position initially from prone (front) to side and then to predominantly supine (back). We calculate that this has saved over 3000 lives. However, we argue that ...
Gizzi C - - 2012
Mechanical ventilation, although life-saving, predisposes preterm infants to BPD. NCPAP emerged as an alternative to invasive ventilation, but it fails in about 30% of infants even when coupled with surfactant therapy. Alternative modes of non invasive ventilation are currently used in neonatology in order to prevent mechanical ventilation. Among these, ...
Dibley Michael J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Several trials have shown that iron-folic acid supplements during pregnancy protect newborns against preterm delivery and early neonatal death, but the impact beyond the neonatal period is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We determined whether live-born children <5 y of age born to mothers who used antenatal iron-folic acid supplements had reduced ...
Sauerwald Ulrike C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: LC-PUFA enrichment of preterm infant formulas is recommended to meet high demands. Dietary LC-PUFA might inhibit endogenous LC-PUFA synthesis thus limiting their benefit. We investigated effects of different docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intakes on plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids and endogenous LC-PUFA synthesis in preterm infants. METHODS:: Fortytwo preterm infants ...
Colombo John J Department of Psychology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045, - - 2011
A double-blind, randomized, controlled, parallel-group prospective trial was conducted to determine whether a dose-response existed for four different levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on the cognitive performance of infants. A total of 122 term infants were fed one of four different formulas varying in their DHA composition (0.00, 0.32, ...
Oladipo Olajumoke O - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The number of newborns and the number of disorders detected by large-scale screening programs has increased dramatically in the last decade. Newborn screening is a multi-step process requiring confirmatory testing to establish and refine a diagnosis. Whereas screening cutoffs are established to detect all cases of a specific disease, ...
Garcia Cyrielle - - 2011
: An insufficient human milk docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) level was reported worldwide, which leads to the question of the sufficiency of the DHA supply for infant development in the French Mediterranean area. Also, among milk lipids, phospholipids may be of high potential interest for infant brain development, being a specific ...
Thompson-Chagoyan Oscar C - - 2011
Background: The present study was designed to compare the faecal microbiota and concentrations of faecal short-chain fatty acid and ammonia between healthy and cow's milk protein allergic (CMPA) infants. Methods: The population comprised 92 infants aged 2-12 months who were nonallergic (n = 46) or diagnosed as having CMPA (n ...
Corvaglia Luigi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Apnoea of prematurity (AOP) frequently recurs in preterm infants. We have previously shown that a significant but variable proportion of AOP is induced by gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of sodium alginate in reducing the frequency of GOR-related AOP. SUBJECTS: ...
Garza Jose M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES. Cough, pain, and desaturation episodes in infants are often ascribed to gastroesophageal reflux, and many are empirically treated with acid suppression medications. The authors hypothesize that most of these symptoms are not related to gastroesophageal reflux. METHODS. Retrospective review of 186 combined pH-multichannel intraluminal impedance studies performed in infants ...
Kure Kiyoe - - 2011
We report the occurrence of a clinically undiagnosed biatrial myxoma with left ventricular involvement in a 2-month-old male infant, resulting in sudden death. During a routine well-baby examination, a grade (34) holosystolic murmur was detected at the left sternal border with radiation to the axilla and back. On the following ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
Erythrocyte (RBC) fatty acid compositions from populations with stable dietary habits but large variations in RBC-arachidonic (AA) and RBC-docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) provided us with insight into relationships between DHA and AA. It also enabled us to estimate the maternal RBC-DHA (mRBC-DHA) status that corresponded with no decrease in mRBC-DHA during ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neurobehavioral outcomes of preterm infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), with and without advanced brain-sparing in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) Doppler. PATIENT AND METHODS: A cohort of IUGR fetuses (birthweight<10(th) centile) born before 34 weeks with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler was created and compared to ...
Walsh B H - - 2011
Neonatal hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy continues to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among neonates around the globe. With the advent of therapeutic hypothermia, the need to accurately classify the severity of injury in the early neonatal period is of great importance. As clinical measures cannot always ...
Dunbar John K - - 2011
AIM: To explore whether it is possible to predict future United Kingdom (UK) death rate of liver cirrhosis based on birth cohort models. METHOD: Routinely available mortality data were plotted graphically to display the trends in cirrhosis mortality by birth cohort in several countries. Data for Italy, France, Portugal, USA, ...
Halanych Jewell H - - 2011
Death certificates may lack accuracy and misclassify the cause of death. The validity of proxy-reported cause of death is not well established. The authors examined death records on 336 participants in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, a national cohort study of 30,239 community-dwelling US ...
Trepka Mary Jo MJ Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, University Park, HLS II, Room 595, 11200 Southwest 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA. - - 2011
To assess the utility of the National Death Index (NDI) in improving the ascertainment of deaths among people diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the authors determined the number and characteristics of additional deaths identified through NDI linkage not ascertained by using standard electronic linkage with Florida Vital Records and ...
Wachtel Elena V - - 2011
Neonatal encephalopathy after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic insult is a major contributor to global child mortality and morbidity. Brain injury in term infants in response to hypoxic-ischemic insult is a complex process evolving over hours to days, which provides a unique window of opportunity for neuroprotective treatment interventions. Advances in neuroimaging, brain ...
Puchner K - - 2011
AIM: The multifactorial pathway leading to preterm labor possibly includes the implication of apoptosis. This study aimed to clarify the role of amniotic fluid apoptotic molecules (TNF-alpha, cytochrome C and cell death nucleosomes) at midtrimester as possible predictors of preterm labor (PTL) and/or premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHOD: In ...
Geynisman Julia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the identification of maternal deaths at the community level using the reproductive age mortality survey (RAMOS) in all households in which a women of reproductive age (WRA) died and to determine the most concise subset of questions for identifying a pregnancy-related death for further investigation. METHODS: A ...
Dos Santos Amélia Miyashiro Nunes - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in preterm infants are associated with increased intra-hospital mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Variables associated with death were studied with Cox regression analysis in a prospective cohort of preterm infants with birth weight <1500 g in the Brazilian Network on Neonatal ...
Farooqi Aijaz - - 2011
Background: Uncertainty continues regarding the extent to which neonatal morbidities predict poor long-term outcome and functional abilities in extremely preterm infants. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), ultrasonographic signs of brain injury, and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) on 11-year outcomes ...
Fawole Adeniran O - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for perinatal mortality among hospital-based deliveries in Nigeria. METHODS: The WHO Global Maternal and Perinatal Health Survey was implemented in Nigeria as a first step in establishing a global system for monitoring maternal and perinatal health. Twenty-one health facilities with more than 1000 deliveries annually ...
Pondaag W - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Pondaag W, Allen R, Malessy M. Correlating birthweight with neurological severity of obstetric brachial plexus lesions. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.02942.x. Objective  To investigate the nature and extent of neurosurgically treated obstetric plexus lesions with obstetric and neonatal precedents. Design  Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. ...
Turnbull Eleanor - - 2011
To describe specific causes of the high rates of stillbirth, neonatal death and early child childhood death in Zambia. We conducted a household-based survey in rural Zambia. Socio-demographic and delivery characteristics were recorded, alongside a maternal HIV test. Verbal autopsy questionnaires were administered to elicit mortality-related information and independently reviewed ...
Karadavut Kiymet Ikbal - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate depression, anxiety and burnout in mothers of infants with brachial plexus injury and assess the effects of the severity of injury on the mothers' mental health, as the literature provides no information on this topic. STUDY DESIGN: The study was based on eighteen mothers without psychiatric antecedents ...
Cataldi Laura A - - 2011
Severe dog bites can result in substantial morbidity and potentially fatal injury. We present a case of an infant attacked by a Staffordshire bull terrier with resultant soft tissue injury, evisceration, and bowel injury. Rapid assessment in the emergency department included evaluation for both blunt and penetrating injuries. After initial ...
Koralkar Rajesh - - 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) independently predicts mortality in children and adults. Our understanding of the epidemiology of AKI in very LBW (VLBW) infants is limited to retrospective studies. After adjustment for demographics, comorbidities, and interventions, infants with AKI have decreased survival compared with those without AKI. The study was conducted ...
Riggs Jack E - - 2011
Potential ethical issues can arise during the process of epidemiological classification. For example, unnatural infant deaths are classified as accidental deaths or homicides. Societal sensitivity to the physical abuse and neglect of children has increased over recent decades. This enhanced sensitivity could impact reported infant homicide rates. Infant homicide and ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2011
It is written in almost all articles on autoerotic deaths that these fatalities account for about 500 to 1000 deaths per year in the United States and Canada. However, contrary to the general belief, this incidence rate was not obtained through a study, but it is an estimation based on ...
Winkel Per - - 2011
Objectives: To elucidate potential mechanisms for the clarithromycin-induced excess mortality observed in the CLARICOR trial during 2.6 year follow-up of patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods: Cox analyses using out-of-hospital death as a proxy for sudden death compared to in-hospital (nonsudden) death. Result: In 100 of 189 (53%) cardiovascular ...
Leow Jy - - 2011
Early neonatal sudden unexpected unexplained deaths (for which we use the term ENSUD) have not been subject to detailed study. The authors investigated the incidence from 1983 to 2007 in the population of the North East of England and North Cumbria. The authors found 30 cases of unexplained ENSUD, giving ...
Byard Roger W - - 2011
Aim:  To identify and characterise cases of infant deaths where the fatal episodes were considered to be because of positional asphyxia from wedging and/or suffocation associated with sleeping on or near a mattress that had been placed on a floor. Methods:  Retrospective review of autopsy cases from Forensic Science SA, ...
Northam Gemma B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: In preterm infants, white matter (WM) abnormalities detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term-age are associated with early developmental delay. We set out to study this association in adolescents born pre-term, by examining intellectual outcome in relation to markers of brain injury, focusing on the effects of WM ...
Volpe Joseph J - - 2011
Brain injury in the premature infant, a problem of enormous importance, is associated with a high risk of neurodevelopmental disability. The major type of injury involves cerebral white matter and the principal cellular target is the developing oligodendrocyte. The specific phase of the oligodendroglial lineage affected has been defined from ...
Malloy Michael H - - 2011
The Born-Alive Infant Protection Act (BAIPA) of 2002 defined a live birth in the United States without regard to gestation. The objective of this analysis was to determine if a significant decline in the fetal death rate or an increase in the live born death rate at previable gestational ages ...
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