Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 787
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Hutchison B Lynne - - 2011
Aim:  To review autopsy reports of all SUDI deaths in the Auckland region, New Zealand, from October 2000 to December 2009. Methods:  Information on all SUDI cases from 2000 to 2009 was extracted from autopsy and police reports from the National Forensic Pathology Service at Auckland Hospital. Results:  Of the ...
Riccardo Flavia - - 2011
To present data from a 2008 infant mortality survey conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and analyse infant mortality trends among Palestine refugees in 1995-2005. Following the preceding birth technique, mothers who were registering a new birth were asked if the ...
Dolk Helen - - 2011
Background This study determines the prevalence of Congenital Heart Defects (CHD), diagnosed prenatally or in infancy, and fetal and perinatal mortality associated with CHD in Europe. Methods and Results Data were extracted from the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies central database for 29 population-based congenital anomaly registries in 16 European ...
Ghazal-Aswad Saad - - 2011
Routine confidential enquiry into maternal deaths is not yet part of the United Arab Emirates health care system. A confidential enquiry into maternal deaths was undertaken to test the feasibility of this approach and to identify the causes and preventability of maternal deaths. Data on all maternal deaths over a ...
Goldacre Michael J - - 2011
Objective To report on trends in mortality from appendicitis and from gallstone disease. Design and setting Analysis of data from death certificates including all certified causes of death, termed 'mentions', not just the underlying cause, using data from Oxford ('mentions' available from 1979 to 2006) and all England ('mentions' available ...
Redman Christopher A - - 2011
Background. The majority of travelers from the UK and Scotland visit Europe, particularly Spain and France, as well as North America, yet surveillance that aids in travel medicine guidance continues to focus on infectious diseases relating to developing countries. Here, we report on causes of death among all bodies returned ...
Ghosh Rohini - - 2011
Background India contributes to one quarter of the total number of newborn deaths in the world. Less explored are the causes of these deaths, and household factors and decision makers for antenatal and postnatal care and their association with neonatal mortality. Objective This study estimated neonatal mortality rate due to ...
Bedir Ahmet - - 2011
Concepts, such as death, life and spirit cannot be known in their quintessential nature, but can be defined in accordance with their effects. In fact, those who think within the mode of pragmatism and Cartesian logic have ignored the metaphysical aspects of these terms. According to Islam, the entity that ...
Thihalolipavan Sayone - - 2011
Objectives: Nearly 20 percent of New York City's (NYC) accidental deaths are related to motor vehicles crashes (MVCs). Detailed International Classification of Disease (ICD-10; World Health Organization [WHO] 2007) cause-of-death coding of MVC-related fatalities improves surveillance and resulting identification of prevention strategies. We investigated ICD-10 codes in these fatalities and ...
Young Christopher M - - 2011
We review research relating ischemia/reperfusion to injury in the neonatal intestine. Epidemiologic evidence suggests that the most common form of necrotizing enterocolitis is not triggered by a primary hypoxic-ischemic event. Its late occurrence, lack of preceding ischemic events, and evidence for microbial and inflammatory processes preclude a major role for ...
Brixey Suzanne N - - 2011
Objective To illustrate the benefits and utility of the child death review (CDR) reporting system when examining risk factors associated with infant death occurring within two subgroups of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID)-unintentional suffocation and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)-in a large urban county in Wisconsin. Design Retrospective CDR data ...
Kenet Gili - - 2011
Intra-ventricular hemorrhage (IVH) occurs predominantly in very low birth weight premature infants. Survivors of severe IVH frequently experience long-term consequences including major neurological deficits. Advances in neonatal and obstetric care in the last decades, have led to a steady decline in mortality and in the incidence of IVH. However, significant ...
Durkan Anne M - - 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common consequence of perinatal asphyxia, occurring in up to 56% of these infants. A major difficulty in diagnosing this condition is the lack of a consensus definition of neonatal AKI, largely because of a dearth of specific measurable variables and biochemical markers. This review ...
Higgins Rosemary D - - 2011
Hypothermia for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy has recently permeated clinical practice for term infants. Speculation regarding a neuroprotective benefit of hypothermia for premature infants with HIE has been raised as a need for further research. Hypothermia for other indications including necrotizing enterocolitis with the hope of tissue preservation following injury is ...
Frontanes Abymael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and an improvement in their survival. However, there are no specific recommendations regarding the use of resuscitative efforts for VLBW infants, and there is scant data in the literature on morbidity ...
Ali Abdel Aziem A - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and causes of maternal deaths at Kassala maternity hospital, eastern Sudan during 2005-2009. All maternal deaths during this period were reviewed and classified retrospectively. The medical file of consequent women who were discharged from the same ward in the hospital ...
Mannoia Kristyn - - 2011
We hypothesized that a subset of premature newborns has subclinical, intestinal mucosal compromise that predisposes to the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) days or weeks later. Fifty-five newborns of 23 to 36 weeks' gestational age were identified, and urine was collected over the first 90 hours of life. The urinary ...
Hill Chris - - 2011
BackgroundAnnually, there are around 30,000 coroner's inquests held in England and Wales that conclude with a verdict. 'Short form' verdicts such as accident or misadventure; natural causes; suicide; and homicide make up the majority of all verdict conclusions. 'Narrative' verdicts can be used by a coroner or jury, instead of ...
Noymer Andrew - - 2011
Recent research suggests racial classification is responsive to social stereotypes, but how this affects racial classification in national vital statistics is unknown. This study examines whether cause of death influences racial classification on death certificates. We analyze the racial classifications from a nationally representative sample of death certificates and subsequent ...
Bristow Benjamin N - - 2011
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common intrauterine infection in the United States disproportionately affecting minority races and those of lower socio-economic class. Despite its importance there is little information on the burden of congenital CMV-related mortality in the US. To measure congenital CMV-associated mortality in the US and ...
Maskey Mahesh K - - 2011
Measuring maternal mortality in developing countries poses a major challenge. In Nepal, vital registration is extremely deficient. Currently available methods to measure maternal mortality, such as the sisterhood method, pose problems with respect to validity, precision, cost and time. We conducted this field study to test a community-based method (the ...
Lee Anne C C - - 2011
Of 136 million babies born annually, around 10 million require assistance to breathe. Each year 814,000 neonatal deaths result from intrapartum-related events in term babies (previously "birth asphyxia") and 1.03 million from complications of prematurity. No systematic assessment of mortality reduction from tactile stimulation or resuscitation has been published. To ...
Kipps Alaina K - - 2011
Perioperative transfusion has adverse effects in adults undergoing cardiac surgery. We sought to investigate whether greater use of blood and blood products might be an independent predictor of prolonged postoperative recovery, indicated by duration of mechanical ventilation (DMV), after reparative infant heart surgery. Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from ...
Silverman Jay G JG Department of Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
To examine associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) against Indian women and risk of death among their infants and children, as well as related gender-based disparities. Analyses of nationally representative data to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and attributable risks for infant and child mortality based on child gender and ...
Anderson James R - - 2010
Some questions that arise from observations of responses to dead and dying individuals by nonhuman primates are discussed, focusing on psychological issues. The phenomenon of transport and care of dead infants is reviewed, along with the consequences of the mother dying for orphaned offspring. It is argued that particular attention ...
Anderson James R - - 2011
Some questions that arise from observations of responses to dead and dying individuals by nonhuman primates are discussed, focusing on psychological issues. The phenomenon of transport and care of dead infants is reviewed, along with the consequences of the mother dying for orphaned offspring. It is argued that particular attention ...
Mathews T J - - 2011
The number of births in the United States decreased between 2007 and 2008 (preliminary estimate: 4 251 095). Birth rates declined among all women aged 15 to 39 years; the decrease among teenagers reverses the increases seen in the previous 2 years. The total fertility rate decreased 2% in 2008 ...
Minowa Hideki - - 2010
Background: To clarify the timing of injury in utero causing respiratory inhibition after crying (RIAC), we evaluated the relationships between asphyxia and RIAC in infants whose gestational age is 36 weeks or older. Methods: We retrospectively examined for RIAC and cranial ultrasound abnormalities in infants treated in the neonatal intensive ...
Yamamoto Takuma - - 2011
Sudden unexpected death in infancy is defined as sudden unexpected death occurring before 12 months of age. The common causes of sudden unexpected death in infancy are infection, cardiovascular anomaly, child abuse, and metabolic disorders. However, the many potential inherited metabolic disorders are difficult to diagnose at autopsy and may ...
Li Xiaohong - - 2011
To analyze the characteristics and trends of maternal deaths due to obstetric hemorrhage in urban and rural areas during the period of 1996-2005 in China, and to provide evidence for decision-making for further reducing the national maternal mortality ratio (MMR). We analyzed national maternal mortality data collected from the Maternal ...
Winkel Bo Gregers - - 2011
Abstract Background. Incidence of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) differs among studies and non-autopsied cases are difficult to assess. Objectives. To investigate causes of sudden death in infancy in a nationwide setting. Validate the use of the ICD-10 code for SIDS (R95) in ...
Checchi Francesco - - 2011
In September 2008, we measured all-cause mortality in Chiradzulu District, Malawi (population 291 000) over a 60-day retrospective period, using capture-recapture analysis of three lists of deaths provided by (i) key community informants, (ii) graveyard officials and (iii) health system sources. Estimated crude and under-5-year mortality rates were 18.6 (95% CI ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2011
We sought to assess risk-adjusted neonatal outcomes of extremely preterm infants who received opioid infusion during early postnatal period. A retrospective analysis of preterm infants ≤28 weeks' gestational age (GA) admitted to neonatal intensive care units in the Canadian Neonatal Network was conducted comparing infants on the basis of receipt ...
Kolb Bryan - - 2010
The article by Malkova, Mishkin, Suomo, and Bachevalier (2010, this issue) adds an important piece to our understanding of the role of the medial versus lateral temporal regions in socioemotional behavior. In their paper, they evaluate the effect of infant and adult amygdala lesions and infant inferotemporal cortex lesions on ...
Batton Daniel G - - 2011
We sought to delineate the in-hospital outcome for infants born alive and universally resuscitated at an estimated gestational age (GA) of 23 (0)/ (7) to 23 (6)/ (7) weeks and to document when and why death occurred. We performed a cohort study of prospectively collected data on 100 consecutive infants ...
Goldman S E - - 2011
To examine the amount, timing and causes/correlates of infant mortality among newborns with Down syndrome. Using the Tennessee Department of Health Birth, Hospital Discharge and Death records, infants were identified who were born with Down syndrome from 1990 to 2006. Those who died during the first year were separated into ...
Gilboa Suzanne M - - 2010
Previous reports suggest that mortality resulting from congenital heart disease (CHD) among infants and young children has been decreasing. There is little population-based information on CHD mortality trends and patterns among older children and adults. We used data from death certificates filed in the United States from 1999 to 2006 ...
Dumpa Vikramaditya - - 2010
The type and timing of respiratory support in the first week affecting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)/death have not been evaluated. We compared outcomes of premature infants on nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) to those on endotracheal tube (ETT). We retrospectively reviewed data (1/2004 ...
- - 2010
More than 2·3 million children died in India in 2005; however, the major causes of death have not been measured in the country. We investigated the causes of neonatal and child mortality in India and their differences by sex and region. The Registrar General of India surveyed all deaths occurring ...
Garfield Richard - - 2010
The Darfur region of Sudan has been an intense focus of humanitarian concern since rebellions began there early in 2003. In 2004, the US Secretary of State declared that conflict in Darfur represented genocide. Since 2003, many sample surveys and various mortality estimates for Darfur have been made. Nonetheless, confusion ...
Abushhaiwia A M E - - 2010
We investigated the prevalence of neonatal deaths in the special care baby unit (SCBU) at the main children's hospital in Tripoli and the factors associated with these deaths. We reviewed the medical records of all neonates who died in our SCBU from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2005. A ...
Strauss Ronald G - - 2010
Most infants with birth weight <1.0 kg are given multiple red blood cell (RBC) transfusions within the first few weeks of life. The anaemia of prematurity is caused by untimely birth occurring before placental iron transport and fetal erythropoiesis are complete, by phlebotomy blood losses taken for laboratory testing, by ...
Tao James X - - 2010
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with chronic uncontrolled epilepsy. Despite intense interest in SUDEP from the medical and scientific communities in recent years, its etiologies are still largely unresolved. A 35-year-old woman had SUDEP after having a generalized seizure in the ...
Legrys Vicky A - - 2010
The proportion of insufficient sweat tests after positive newborn screening for cystic fibrosis was determined. Infants ≤ 3 months old had a mean (± standard deviation) rate of 7.2% (± 7.6) (range, 0% to 40%). Collection methods did not affect the rates. The high and variable rates indicate a need ...
Stark Alexander P - - 2011
In Illinois, newborn screening (NBS) for sickle cell disease (SCD) began in 1989 and for cystic fibrosis (CF) in 2008. We measured pediatricians' knowledge and attitudes regarding CF and SCD, the significance of carrier status, and NBS methodologies. Of 730 eligible Illinois pediatricians randomly selected from the American Academy of ...
Adeolu A A - - 2010
In developing countries such as Nigeria, limited resources require that health priorities be selected wisely and death-related research is clearly warranted. The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive report on the various causes of death in our center from 1978 to 2006. This was a descriptive, retrospective ...
Vázquez López M Á - - 2011
Objective:To compare transfusion requirements and erythropoietic response in preterms between schedules of rEPO administration once or three times per week, using the same weekly dose.Study Design:Prospective, randomized trial including infants weighing <1500 g at birth and/or were 32 weeks' gestation: Group 1 (60 infants) received subcutaneous rEPO at 250 units kg(-1) per ...
Hadders-Algra Mijna - - 2010
It takes more than 20 years before the human brain obtains its complex, adult configuration. Most dramatic developmental changes occur prenatally and early postnatally. During development, long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) such as doxosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are accreted in the brain. Since breastfeeding is associated with ...
Josephson Cassandra D - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that red blood cell (RBC) transfusions increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants, we investigated whether the risk of "transfusion-associated" NEC is higher in infants with lower hematocrits and advanced postnatal age. Retrospective comparison of NEC patients and control patients born at < ...
Gajewski Kelly K - - 2010
Sudden death in the young is rare. About 25% of cases occur during sports. Most young people with sudden cardiac death (SCD) have underlying heart disease, with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and coronary artery anomalies being commonest in most series. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and long QT syndrome are the most common ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >