Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1043
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Hudgins R J - - 2001
For a variety of anatomic and physiologic reasons, premature infants, especially those of very low birth weight, are most likely to sustain an intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and subsequent posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH). When to initiate treatment and what that treatment should be remains controversial. This article discusses the pathophysiology and clinical ...
Kennedy C R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Posthemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PHVD) is a complication of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants and is associated with a high risk of long-term disability. Furosemide and acetazolamide are used widely in the treatment of PHVD in the hope of avoiding the need for placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, but these ...
Paul D A - - 2001
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between thyroxine (T4) and illness severity in a population of preterm infants. We investigated a cohort of infants with birth weights 1,500 g or less from a single level III neonatal intensive care unit who received a minimum of one ...
Davies M W - - 2001
This study aims to confirm the relationship between gestational age (GA) and transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD), to define the prediction of GA by TCD, and assess the reliability of TCD measurements. Infants were included in the study if they had a routine cranial ultrasound scan by day 3, and the ...
Al-Aweel I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Very low birth weight infants are vulnerable to hypotension and its associated complications. Vasopressors are used to raise blood pressure (BP), but indications for use are uncertain. Our objectives were (1) to study variations in BP stability among NICUs, (2) to investigate inter-NICU differences in vasopressor use, and (3) ...
Weintraub Z - - 2001
AIM: To examine the relation between grade III-IV periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage (PVH/IVH) and antenatal exposure to tocolytic treatment in very low birthweight (VLBW) premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: The study population consisted of 2794 infants from the Israel National VLBW Infant Database, of gestational age 24-32 weeks, who had a cranial ultrasound ...
Futagi Y - - 2001
A male infant with congenital hydrocephalus who had undergone ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting at 3 days of life exhibited a diminished plantar grasp response (PGR) from 2 months of age, which had clearly recovered 3 months after a shunt revision at 6 months of age. The diminished PGR was the only ...
Suarez R D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between indomethacin tocolysis and neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage. METHODS: Fifty-six preterm neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage were matched by gestational age with neonates (n = 224) without this morbidity. Maternal and neonatal charts were reviewed to ascertain the type of tocolytic exposure experienced by the neonate. Other ...
Kuban K C - - 2001
The objective of this study was to evaluate to what extent (1) the characteristics of localization, distribution, and size of echodense and echolucent abnormalities enable individuals to be designated as having either periventricular hemorrhagic infarction or periventricular leukomalacia and (2) the characteristics of periventricular hemorrhagic infarction and periventricular leukomalacia are ...
Richard E - - 2001
Over a 5-year period, an Ommaya's reservoir has been inserted in a single neurosurgical centre in each of 64 preterm infants with post-haemorrhage ventricular dilatation (PHVD). Their mean gestational age at birth was 29.2 weeks. The average age at reservoir insertion was 24 days. Seventeen infants received a fibrinolytic agent ...
Petäjä J - - 2001
The multifactorial etiology of cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) may involve coagulation disturbances and venous infarction. We tested whether coagulation abnormalities associated with adult venous thrombosis would constitute a risk factor for IVH in newborn infants. In 22 infants (gestational age 24.3--39.9 wk, median 28.0 wk) with neonatal IVH grade II ...
Taylor G A - - 2001
Sonography plays a key role in the initial evaluation and monitoring of ventricular dilatation in the newborn. The use of supplemental imaging approaches by the mastoid fontanelle and foramen magnum can help identify the cause and location of obstruction. Duplex Doppler of intracranial vessels during anterior fontanelle compression is a ...
Anteby I I - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of retinal hemorrhages and their association with cerebral intraventricular hemorrhages (IVH) in low-birth-weight preterm neonates born at or before 32 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We prospectively studied a consecutive series of 22 neonates (24-30 weeks' gestation; mean gestational age, 27 weeks; mean weight, 1065 g) admitted ...
Hemphill J C JC - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) constitutes 10% to 15% of all strokes and remains without a treatment of proven benefit. Despite several existing outcome prediction models for ICH, there is no standard clinical grading scale for ICH analogous to those for traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or ischemic stroke. ...
Cramer B C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is an ominous complication of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants. Previous studies have correlated lateral intraventricular clot with subsequent PHH, but there are no studies assessing the outcome of clot in the cisterna magna (CM). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if ...
O'Keefe M - - 2001
AIM: To document ocular outcome in premature infants with intraventricular haemorrhages (IVH). METHODS: 68 preterm infants with IVH were examined. RESULTS: Mean gestational age was 28.1 weeks (range 24-35). Mean birth weight was 1045.9 g (630-2240). Mean follow up was 54.6 months (6-150). IVH is graded from 1 to 4 ...
Arad I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of parity on the neonatal outcome (survival, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and severe intraventricular hemorrhage) of very-low-birth-weight infants, accounting for sociodemographic, obstetric and perinatal variables. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and eleven singleton premature infants with birth weights of 750--1250 grams, delivered between 1990 and 1994 and treated ...
Goldenberg R L - - 2001
A single course of corticosteroids given to women before an anticipated preterm birth reduces the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage, and neonatal death. For women who do not deliver within 1 week, repeated courses of corticosteroids have become common obstetric practice, despite little evidence of efficacy. Emerging data ...
Suara R O - - 2001
Subarachnoid space enlargement is a benign clinical entity characterized by rapid head enlargement in an infant with normal neurodevelopment. We report on two infants who had rapid increases in head circumference, family histories of macrocephaly, and normal neurodevelopment. Radiologic investigations in both infants showed subarachnoid space fluid collection but normal ...
Wen S W - - 2001
The authors conducted a population-based historical cohort study in the Canadian province of Quebec to assess the maternal and infant outcomes associated with vacuum extraction and forceps deliveries. The study database contains information on 305,391 mother-infant dyads (linked by a common institutional code and hospital chart number) for singleton live ...
Borsody M K - - 2001
Because of disagreement between clinical studies, the American College of Neurological Surgeons (ACNS) most recent recommendation (1996) is that glucocorticoids should not be used in the treatment of closed head trauma (CHT). The current paper reviews clinical studies of glucocorticoids and CHT in order to examine what factors might have ...
Canterino J C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of antenatal steroid treatment on the development of neonatal periventricular leukomalacia. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 1161 neonates with gestational ages of 24-34 weeks and birth weights of 500-1750 g, divided into two groups on the basis of antenatal steroid treatment. Neonatal neurosonograms were ...
Emerson M V - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalance, associated biometric factors, and rate of disappearance of neonatal retinal hemorrhage. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and natural history study. METHODS: Healthy newborns (n = 149) at an urban hospital were examined using indirect ophthalmoscopy within 30 hours of birth. Newborns with retinal hemorrhage were reexamined biweekly until ...
De Felice - - 2001
The relation between clinical or histologic chorioamnionitis and early neonatal adverse neurologic outcome was investigated (n = 483). Histologic, but not clinical, evidence of chorioamnionitis was found to be a significant predictor of periventricular echodensity (odds ratio, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.8-3.2), echolucency (3.3; 1.9-5.6), ventriculomegaly (2.7; 1.8-4.2), intraventricular hemorrhage > ...
Heep A - - 2001
The objective of our study was to determine the efficacy of ventriculostomy as the primary treatment for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in premature infants. Within a period of 4 years, 20 very low birthweight (VLBW) infants (birthweight median 1,135 g, range 650-1,470 g) were treated for progressive posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHHC) by right ...
McElrath T F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the neonatal outcome in accurately dated 23-week deliveries. METHODS: We reviewed the records of consecutive births between 23 0/7 and 23 6/7 weeks at Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, from January 1995 to December 1999. Women were excluded if they presented for elective termination or had ...
Whitelaw A - - 2001
Although it has been possible to reduce the percentage of premature infants suffering intraventricular hemorrhage, posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus remains a serious problem without a good treatment. There is a high rate of cerebral palsy, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery makes the child permanently dependent on the valve and catheter system. Shunt surgery ...
Whitelaw A - - 2001
Hydrocephalus following intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is still one of the most serious complications of premature birth. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery cannot be carried out early and permanent dependence on a shunt is associated with several serious complications. To determine whether intraventricular streptokinase after intraventricular hemorrhage reduces the risk of permanent shunt ...
Whitelaw A - - 2001
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a major complication of preterm birth. Large hemorrhages are associated with a high risk of disability and hydrocephalus. Instability of blood pressure and cerebral blood flow are postulated as causative factors. Another mechanism may involve reperfusion damage from oxygen free radicals. Phenobarbitone has been suggested as ...
Whitelaw A - - 2001
Intraventricular hemorrhage remains a serious complication of premature birth and post hemorrhagic hydrocephalus still has no satisfactory treatment. Acetazolamide and furosemide, which both reduce the production of cerebrospinal fluid, have been suggested as non-invasive therapies to reduce hydrocephalus and the need for ventriculo-peritoneal (V-P) shunting. The aim of this review ...
Kankirawatana S - - 2000
During the period 1984-1992, 2 severe cases (1 male, 1 female) of congenital F VII deficiency with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were referred to the Department of Pediatrics, Siriraj Hospital Bangkok, Thailand at the ages of 1 and 3 months old. They both responded very well to fresh frozen plasma (FFP) ...
Nonaka K - - 2000
It has been suggested that maternal nutrition, and fetal and infant growth have an important effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease in adult life. We investigated the population-based distribution of deaths from cerebrovascular diseases (ICD9 codes 430, 431, or 434) in Japan in 1986-1994 as a function of birth ...
Paul D A - - 2000
The objective of this investigation was to study the natural course of thyroid function in infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). A cohort of infants < 1,500 grams birth weight, n=247, were included in the analysis. Total T4 and thyrotropin from newborn screening during the 1st week of life (Test 1) ...
Rudas G - - 2000
PURPOSE: The role of subarachnoid blood and secondary, sterile inflammation in the pathogenesis of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is not well understood. The aims of this study were to study the frequency and rate of spread of blood into the spinal subarachnoid space (SSS) and to evaluate the relationship of this ...
Fink S - - 2000
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in the term infant is an uncommon and unexpected diagnosis. This article examines the frequency of IVH in the term newborn; the pathogenesis behind IVH; the presentation according to the location, extent, and cause of the hemorrhage; the diagnosis, associated complications, management, and outcomes of infants with ...
Perlman J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal timing of cranial ultrasound scans (USs) for identifying preterm neonates weighing less than 1500 g at birth who develop intracranial complications of prematurity. DESIGN/SETTING: Observational study at an urban county hospital. METHODS: Serial USs from neonates with less than 1500-g birth weight (BW) admitted to ...
Inage Y W - - 2000
We have previously described the immunoreactivities of glutamate transporters, EAAT4 and GLAST, in the developing human cerebellum. In the present report, we demonstrate the different expression of EAAT4 and GLAST in the pathologic condition, neonatal subarachnoid hemorrhage. EAAT4 and GLAST were characteristically disturbed in the cerebellar cortices beneath the subarachnoid ...
Hansen A R - - 2000
Blood from an intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) can collect in the basilar cisterns and cause ventriculomegaly and eventual need for ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. We looked for sonographic evidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in three basal cisterns and in the Sylvian fissure of 82 infants with IVH, 30 of whom had ventriculomegaly. ...
Davies M W - - 2000
AIMS: To establish normal ranges, in preterm infants < 33 weeks' gestation, for measurements of the lateral, third, and fourth ventricles and to assess intra-observer and inter-observer reliability. To assess the effect of head position during scanning on lateral ventricle size. To determine whether sex influences ventricle size. METHODS: A ...
Groothuis A M - - 2000
Intraventricular haemorrhages (IVH) are the most commonly occurring intracranial haemorrhages in neonates, especially in preterm infants. The origin of IVHs is located in the germinal matrix. The cause of an IVH is a combination of intravascular, vascular and extravascular factors. The diagnosis is made by ultrasound. Knowledge on the causes ...
Al-Shawaf E M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of indomethacin on reducing the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants treated in our units at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre. METHODS: This historical cohort study included 45 infants born with birth weights of 1250 g ...
Paul D A - - 2000
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and cystic periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) with changes in the peripheral blood count. Total peripheral leukocytes, absolute neutrophils, platelets, and nucleated erythrocytes from the first 3 days after birth were compared in very-low-birth-weight infants with (n = ...
Murshid W R - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is a common central nervous system disorder in children. In spite of its importance, it has not been subjected to sufficient epidemiological studies, particularly in the developing countries. The aim of this study was to provide information from a representative series of newly diagnosed cases of infantile hydrocephalus ...
Berger A - - 2000
We previously reported on a series of 27 newborn infants treated for posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus with external ventricular drainage during 1984 to 1989. In the present study we continued to evaluate this technique during the subsequent 8 years (37 patients; mean birthweight 1251+/-478 g; mean gestational age 29+/-2.9 weeks; 51 drains), ...
Towers C V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of grade III or IV intraventricular hemorrhage in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants born at level I hospitals and transported to one tertiary center compared with those delivered at the same level III facility. METHODS: We evaluated all newborns admitted to a large tertiary ...
de Vries L S - - 2000
Five infants who developed unilateral hydrocephalus associated with antenatal or perinatal intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in the neonatal period or later in infancy are reported. Unilateral hydrocephalus occurred following discharge home in four of our five cases, two of whom had been treated during the neonatal period with either serial lumbar ...
Wei W - - 2000
Pathogenesis of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) may relate to immature vessels. However extracellular matrix--such as Type IV collagen, laminin, and fibronectin has a direct bearing on the development of the endothelium and the immature microvessel. Twenty specimens taken from lateral ventricular walls and choroid plexus in 10 preterm neonates who died ...
Whitelaw A - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. To determine whether postnatal administration of phenobarbitone to preterm infants reduces the risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), neurodevelopmental impairment or death. See the Search Strategy of the Neonatal Collaborative Review Group. The reviewer has been a active ...
Gerlacher G R - - 1999
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is an uncommon complication of hemophilia in the 1st year of life and most often is reported after head trauma or birth trauma. Spontaneous ICH unrelated to birth or head trauma is rare at any age, especially in the 1st year of life. We describe a 3-month-old ...
Bruner J P - - 1999
CONTEXT: Intrauterine closure of exposed spinal cord tissue prevents secondary neurologic injury in animals with a surgically created spinal defect; however, whether in utero repair of myelomeningocele improves neurologic outcome in infants with spina bifida is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intrauterine repair of myelomeningocele improves patient outcomes compared ...
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