Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1036
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Kazan Saim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage and posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus are common causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality among preterm and low-birth weight infants (PT-LBWIs). Clinical management of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) is difficult and not well standardized. In this study, we aimed to determine the incidence of hydrocephalus after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and the ...
Mittendorf Robert - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is an unconfounded association between neonatal intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV (also known as thalamostriate or mineralizing vasculopathy)). STUDY DESIGN: During the conduct of the Magnesium and Neurologic Endpoints Trial (MagNET), a randomized controlled trial involving maternal, hence fetal, exposure to antenatal magnesium ...
Wong J P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study the characteristics of newborn infants with postnatal findings of severe neonatal intracranial haemorrhage. METHODS: All the records of babies who underwent surgery from 1997 to 2002 for intracranial haemorrhage were reviewed. These were correlated with their antenatal records to see if ...
Acuna-Soto Rodofo - - 2004
During the 16th century, Mexico suffered a demographic catastrophe with few parallels in world's history. In 1519, the year of the arrival of the Spaniards, the population in Mexico was estimated to be between 15 and 30 million inhabitants. Eighty-one years later, in 1600, only two million remained. Epidemics (smallpox, ...
Zaramella P - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this paper was to study the evolution of ventriculomegaly, the treatment and the developmental problems of a group of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) born between 1985 and 1999 who met Levene's percentiles for post-hemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD). METHODS: A retrospective hospital-based study of a ...
Olavarria Greg - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: We report a series of infants with optic chiasmal hypothalamic astrocytomas (OCHAs) who developed abdominal ascites following ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunting. The mechanism of ascites development among these patients with OCHA remains speculative and unclear. METHODS: We treated four infants with hypothalamic tumors who were shunted for hydrocephalus using standard ...
Vasileiadis George T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common brain injury among premature infants. Neonates with IVH are at greater risk of impaired neurodevelopmental outcomes, compared with those without IVH. IVH causes destruction of the germinal matrix and glial precursor cells, with possible effects on cortical development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cortical ...
Bar-Lev Michal R Rozenfeld - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of short-term outcomes of low birth weight infants (</= 1,750 g) exposed prenatally to either dexamethasone or betamethasone. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort comprising 550 infants who were born alive at our center during the period January 1999 through December 2001, who weighed 1,750 ...
Vergani Patrizia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intraventricular hemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia are characterized by different risk factors. METHODS: In a cohort of 653 consecutive singleton neonates born after preterm membrane rupture, spontaneous preterm labor, or indicated preterm delivery at 24 to 33 weeks of gestation from January 1, 1993, to December 31, ...
van de Bor Margot - - 2004
Long-term sequelae of preterm birth have been studied extensively up until the age of 5 to 8 years. However, the cognitive development of adolescents born preterm has received limited attention. The objective of this study is to determine school performance in adolescents born very preterm. We have followed up a ...
Maarouf M - - 2004
The authors evaluated the efficacy of radiosurgery (RS) for cerebral arteriovenous malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT AVMs). Two patients with seven HHT AVMs were treated by linear accelerator-RS. Complete obliteration was achieved 18 to 24 months post-treatment without side effects. Because HHT AVMs are small and multiple, RS is ...
Fukuhara Toru - - 2004
We report a case of reservoir migration into the lateral ventricle through an enlarged endoscopic tract. A full-term female infant with a myelomeningocele, which was repaired surgically after birth, came to us with hydrocephalus, and a reservoir was placed after an unsuccessful endoscopic third ventriculostomy. The tract gradually enlarged and ...
Salvaggio Michelle R - - 2004
The term viral hemorrhagic fever refers to a clinical syndrome characterized by acute onset of fever accompanied by nonspecific findings of malaise, prostration, diarrhea,and headache. Patients frequently show signs of increased vascular permeability, and many develop bleeding diatheses. The hemorrhagic fever viruses represent potential agents for biologic warfare because of ...
Cherian Shobha - - 2004
Hydrocephalus after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) has emerged as a major complication of preterm birth and is especially problematic to treat. The hydrocephalus is usually ascribed to fibrosing arachnoiditis, meningeal fibrosis and subependymal gliosis, which impair flow and resorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Recent experimental studies have suggested that acute parenchymal ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between fetal biophysical profile (FBP), Doppler cerebro-umbilical (C/U) ratio and neonatal neurosonography in growth restricted newborns. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study included 87 growth restricted fetuses from 28 to 42 weeks of gestation. The FBP and C/U ratio were assessed twice a week. Within 48h ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2004
We present the case of a premature infant with decreased spontaneous movement of the lower extremities. Imaging was demonstrative of a lesion of the conus medullaris. Operatively and with histologic confirmation, the mass was determined to be a blood clot originating from the conus. Retrospectively, the patient had a known ...
Paul David A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: 17-Hydroxyprogesterone, an intermediary hormone in cortisol synthesis, has been shown to be elevated in premature infants. However, the relationship between levels of 17-hydroxyprogesterone with death and intraventricular hemorrhage has not been extensively explored. The objective of this study was to determine the factors influencing 17-hydroxyprogesterone and determine if there ...
Biggio Joseph R JR - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the natural history of the prenatal development of ventriculomegaly and talipes in fetuses with open spina bifida. STUDY DESIGN: All fetuses with isolated open spina bifida and managed at our center between January 1996 and March 2000 were retrospectively evaluated. Ultrasonographic images and reports were reviewed from ...
Ermis Bahri - - 2004
Congenital factor X deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that usually presents with variable bleeding tendency, prolonged prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time. Therefore, it may be misdiagnosed as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn. Factor X level should be investigated for the definite diagnosis. We first report a new ...
Oi Shizuo - - 2004
The neuroendoscopic procedures applied inpatients with isolated compartments, including IUH, LV, IFV, IRF, and multiloculated ventricles were foramen of Monro reconstruction, septostomy, septal wall removal, cyst wall fenestration, fourth ventriculostomy, and endoscopic shunt placement. It was found that the operative goal, creating a state of arrested hydrocephalus, could be achieved ...
Bodkin Amy W - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Research has documented the feasibility and benefit of treadmill training in children with cerebral palsy and Down syndrome. The purposes of this case report are: (1) to determine the feasibility of treadmill training in an infant at high risk for neuromotor dysfunction and (2) to describe the ...
Witayathawornwong Prasonk - - 2003
A Thai woman in the shock stage of dengue hemorrhagic fever delivered a healthy infant by normal delivery. She had high, prolonged fever for five days, hepatomegaly, thrombocytopenia and a right pleural effusion. The serology performed later established a diagnosis of secondary dengue infection. She had no serious complications except ...
Ohlweiler Lygia - - 2003
This study compared the results of neurodevelopmental examination at 6 months' corrected age of premature infants with neonatal seizures and/or intracranial hemorrhage and normal premature infants. There was a statistically significant correlation (p=0.000007) between intracranial hemorrhage and seizures in the group of 68 premature infants seen in the neurodevelopmental outpatient ...
Morimoto Kazuyoshi - - 2003
We sought a simple and accurate method to monitor neonatal hydrocephalic infants using standard computed tomographic scans. Volume measurements were made by means of pixel counting using a personal computer and a drawing device, as a graphic tablet system, over computed tomographic scans of six infants with neonatal hydrocephalus and ...
Vollmer Brigitte - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of gestational age at birth on the frequency of ultrasound-detected brain lesions in infants born at <33 weeks of gestation and to investigate whether the relationship between neonatal cranial ultrasound diagnosis and neurodevelopmental outcome at 8 years of age was independent of gestational age. METHODS: ...
Roland Elke H - - 2003
Germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in the premature newborn results from rupture of fragile capillaries in the germinal matrix. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial and relates principally to a pressure-passive cerebral circulation, fluctuations in cerebral blood flow, and derangements of coagulation and fragility of the germinal matrix microvasculature. Several interventions have beneficial ...
Ponte Marinice Duarte da - - 2003
This study aims to characterize the peri-intraventricular hemorrhages in the neonatal period in very low birth weight newborns in 2 institutions that provide neonatal tertiary assistance. This was a comparative and observational study in 2 neonatal intensive care units, the Maternity Hospital of Campinas and the "Centro de Aten o ...
Lokeshwar M R - - 2003
In neonatal period anemia is a complex problem owing to the unique blood picture. The erythrocytic system undergoes serial adaptation to meet progressively changing demands of oxygen in the embryo, the fetus and neonate. This leads to rapid change in normal hematological change in post-birth period. Definition of anemia is ...
Misra Sanjay N - - 2003
Intracranial pathological changes can occur as a result of impaired craniocervical venous return. Thrombosis of central venous access catheters was demonstrated in two neonates born at 38 and 27 weeks' gestation. Neither infant developed hemorrhage of prematurity as confirmed on cranial ultrasonography. Clinical evidence of vena cava thrombosis and associated ...
Olischar M - - 2004
AIM: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is the most common cause of brain lesions in preterm infants. Among infants with IVH about 35% develop posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PPH) which may lead to secondary injury. Therapeutic interventions to reduce the increased intracranial pressure are invasive and carry a high risk of complications. Amplitude-integrated EEG ...
Larroque Béatrice - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of cranial ultrasound abnormalities in very preterm infants as a function of gestational age, plurality, intrauterine growth restriction, and death before discharge. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, population-based cohort of 2667 infants born between 22 and 32 weeks of gestation in 1997 in nine regions of ...
Herbst Melissa A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Lack of or no prenatal care (NPC) is associated with preterm birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW). Our purpose was to determine whether LBW infants delivered after NPC have worse outcomes than LBW infants with prenatal care (PC). STUDY DESIGN: Eight thousand sixty-five consecutive women delivered at six ...
Kwon Y K - - 2003
Fowl cholera (FC) caused by Pasteurella multocida was diagnosed in waterfowl, Baikal teals (Anas formosa), submitted to the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine in Korea. The total number of mortalities was 13,228 out of approximately 100,000 birds that wintered in Cheonsoo Bay, the most important habitat area of Baikal teals ...
Kantor Michelle J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine if thyroxine (T(4)) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels, measured at the time of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, are associated with the outcomes of death and/or severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). STUDY DESIGN: Blood for total T(4) and TSH was obtained upon admission to the neonatal intensive ...
Shimamura Norihito - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A female infant was born with a left-sided glioblastoma that manifested clinically with weakened crying and feeding on day 1 of life, fever and bulging anterior fontanel on day 4, and right hemiparesis by day 10. METHODS: Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed hemosiderin intensity indicating that hemorrhage had occurred ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether infants who were delivered at <28 weeks of gestation after prolonged latency in pregnancies that were complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes are at increased risk of histologic chorioamnionitis and intracranial ultrasound abnormalities. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis ...
Scavarda D - - 2003
OBJECT: The object of this study is to demonstrate the delayed occurrence of aqueductal stenosis in preterm infants who have suffered from intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and to try to explain the mechanisms of this stenosis. METHOD: From January 1996 to June 2002, 1,046 premature infants were admitted to our institution. ...
Felderhoff-Mueser Ursula - - 2003
Hydrocephalus may result in loss of tissue associated with neuronal degeneration, axonal damage, and reactive gliosis. The soluble form of the anti-apoptotic regulator Fas (sFas) and the pro-apoptotic factors soluble FasL (sFasL) and activated caspase 3 were studied in the cerebrospinal fluid of infants with hydrocephalus. Fifteen preterm infants with ...
Sosa Mary Ellen Burke - - 2003
Fetal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (AIT) affects only a small number of fetuses but the consequences may be devastating. Outcomes range from mild thrombocytopenia without signs or symptoms to intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and fetal or neonatal death. Antenatal screening is available but not used routinely in the United States. The most frequent ...
Osborn David A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine hemodynamic and antecedent risk factors for early and late periventricular/intraventricular hemorrhage (P/IVH) in premature infants. METHODS: Two prospective cohort studies of 126 (1995-1996) and 128 (1998-1999) infants born <30 weeks' gestation. Head ultrasounds were performed at <6 hours of age, and at 7 and 28 days of ...
Miall Lawrence S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the nature and frequency of posterior fossa (PF) lesions in infants who underwent magnetic resonance (MR) brain imaging in the neonatal period and to correlate with cranial ultrasound (CUS) findings and clinical outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of all neonatal MR brain imaging from 1996 to ...
Akisu Mete - - 2003
Intraventricular hemorrhage remains associated with high mortality and morbidity. Its most serious complication is posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus caused by multiple small blood clots obstructing the arachnoid villi. We treated three newborn infants (one term, two preterm) with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, a thrombolytic agent, injected into the ventricles ...
Ajayi Oluade - - 2003
Transfontanelle ultrasound scans were performed on 93 very low birth weight neonates admitted at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, Nigeria, between January 1992 and April 1994, to ascertain the pattern and determinants of intraventricular haemorrhage and periventricular leukomalacia. Forty-seven percent of the infants had normal ultrasound; 22% ...
Zamzami Tarik Y - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a significant contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated maternal and perinatal outcome of primary massive postpartum hemorrhage. In a restrospective case analysis of 33 women with intractable postpartum hemorrhage initially managed either by hysterectomy or a conservative approach in a tertiary ...
Yapicio─člu Hacer - - 2003
Posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus following intraventricular haemorrhage is still one of the most serious complications of premature birth. Small premature babies are not suitable for shunt surgery because of high cerebrospinal fluid protein and risk of obstruction. For this reason there is a great need for alternative approaches for treatment of posthaemorrhagic ...
Smith Julie - - 2003
Shaken baby syndrome is a significant cause of infant morbidity and mortality and is widely recognized in the medical literature. Classic signs include retinal hemorrhage, subdural or subarachnoid hemorrhage, and associated fractures. Most victims are younger than 6 months old and have been affected by violent shaking with rapid angular ...
Whitelaw Andrew - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of posthemorrhagic ventricular dilation in premature infants is fraught with failures and complications. We have piloted a new treatment aimed at removing intraventricular blood and the cytokines associated with hydrocephalus. METHODS: Twenty-four infants were enrolled with ventricular width enlarged to 4 mm over the 97th centile after a ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The cohort consisted of 328 very low birth weight infants (600-1250 g birth weight) who were enrolled in the low-dose prophylactic indomethacin prevention trial and were intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) negative at 6 postnatal hours. The objective was to determine the effects of both IVH and indomethacin on cognitive, language, ...
Jhawar Balraj S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cause of intracranial hemorrhage among full-term infants. METHODS: A retrospective, hospital-based, matched case-control study was conducted at London Health Sciences Center, in southwestern Ontario, for the period from January 1, 1985, to December 31, 1996. Cases were diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, or ultrasonography ...
Nwafor-Anene Victoria N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that preterm infants with two normal head ultrasound (HUS) screening studies > or = 7 days apart would have subsequently normal follow-up studies. POPULATION: We reviewed reports of all HUS studies performed in preterm infants < or = 32 weeks gestation admitted to our nursery between January ...
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