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Lee Soon Min - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Phenobarbital (PB), commonly used as the preferred treatment for neonatal seizure, is a drug that requires careful dose adjustments based on therapeutic drug monitoring. It has been reported that PB metabolism was affected by cytochrome P450 (CYP)2C19 polymorphisms in adults requiring dose adjustment. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate ...
Lee Eun-Ju - - 2012
Objective: The purpose of this study is to correlate clinical factors with the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) in pre-term infants at a post-conceptional age of 40 weeks. Methods: The study enrolled 80 pre-term infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Data on birth weight, multiple birth, ...
Larsen Alexander - - 2012
A 2-month-old infant was admitted to hospital because of recurrent vomiting for 1 week, progressive apathy, and focal seizures. The cranial MRI showed a noticeable result.
Scorza Fulvio Alexandre - - 2012
People with epilepsy are more likely to die prematurely, and the most common epilepsy-related category of death is sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Thus, the purpose of this article was to alert the scientific community about SUDEP.
Levelt Clara C - - 2012
In a word learning experiment, 14- and 18-month-old infants are tested on their perceptual sensitivity to coda-consonant omissions. The results indicate that 14-month-olds are not sensitive to coda consonant omissions, showing a parallel with the omission of target coda consonants in early child language productions. At 18months, infants are sensitive ...
Cameron Sonya Lynne - - 2012
Baby-Led Weaning (BLW) is an alternative approach for introducing complementary foods to infants that emphasises infant self-feeding rather than adult spoon-feeding. Here we examined healthcare professionals' and mothers' knowledge of, attitudes to and experiences with, BLW. Healthcare professionals (n=31) and mothers who had used BLW (n=20) completed a semistructured interview ...
Younas Ayesha - - 2012
This 15-day-old Caucasian male infant presented to the clinic with his mother for a well-child visit. During the visit, the mother mentioned that she had observed jerking movements of the limbs, arms more than legs. Various tests were performed and observation in the ward helped determine the characteristics of the ...
Niemarkt Hendrik - - 2012
The amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is used to detect neonatal seizures in neonates with asphyxia, and despite limited data-information compared with standard EEG, aEEG is increasingly used as routine monitoring in neonatal intensive care units due to the logistic advantages. In addition, the aEEG background is of prognostic value in these ...
Pfister Robert H - - 2012
In 2006, the Vermont Oxford Network (VON) established the Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry (NER) to characterize infants born with neonatal encephalopathy, describe evaluations and medical treatments, monitor hypothermic therapy (HT) dissemination, define clinical research questions, and identify opportunities for improved care. Eligible infants were ≥ 36 weeks with seizures, altered consciousness (stupor, coma) ...
Toledo Fernando - - 2011
  Ammonium bifluoride is one of the most corrosive acids that may produce severe chemical burns when in contact with skin. This hazardous chemical is widely used in household products. We report two pediatric cases of irritant contact dermatitis after exposure to a rust remover, which contained ammonium bifluoride.
Martin Andrew J - - 2011
Aim  The collection of data on longer-term neurodevelopmental outcomes within large neonatal randomized controlled trials by trained assessors can greatly increase costs and present many operational difficulties. The aim of this study was to develop a more practical alternative for identifying major cognitive delay in infants at the age of ...
Hutchison B Lynne - - 2011
Aim:  An association between positional plagiocephaly and developmental problems has previously been noted, but whether delays persist over time has not been established. This study aimed to determine developmental outcomes for children with deformational plagiocephaly over 1 year of follow up. Methods:  This was a longitudinal cohort study of 126 infants ...
Siqveland Torill - - 2011
The main aim of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of four different optimality indexes, as well as infant perinatal status, in relation to maternal sensitivity in interaction at 3 months. The four optimality indexes comprised items related to substance abuse, psychiatric condition, relational experience and socioeconomic status ...
Mani Nivedita - - 2012
Previous behavioural research suggests that infants possess phonologically detailed representations of the vowels and consonants in familiar words. These tasks examine infants' sensitivity to mispronunciations of a target label in the presence of a target and distracter image. Sensitivity to the mispronunciation may, therefore, be contaminated by the degree of ...
Kopp Franziska - - 2011
Available evidence suggests that infants use adults' social cues for learning by the second half of the first year of life. However, little is known about the short-term or long-term effects of joint attention interactions on learning and memory in younger infants. In the present study, 4-month-old infants were familiarized ...
Möhring Wenke - - 2011
We examined 18- and 24-month-old infants' sensitivity to the functional relationships between time, speed, and distance. The task included a train moving first visibly and then into a tunnel. The movement of the train was always accompanied by a train-characteristic sound signalling the travel duration. After the train concluded its ...
Lucassen Nicole - - 2011
For almost three decades, the association between paternal sensitivity and infant-father attachment security has been studied. The first wave of studies on the correlates of infant-father attachment showed a weak association between paternal sensitivity and infant-father attachment security (r = .13, p < .001, k = 8, N = 546). ...
Pillai Riddell Rebecca - - 2011
Recent research has begun to examine discrete caregiver pain management behaviors in the infant immunization context. However, there is a dearth of research exploring more global caregiving constructs, such as emotional availability, which can be used to examine the overall sensitivity of caregiver pain management. The aim of the present ...
Attumalil Thomas Varghese - - 2011
We aimed to identify the risk factors for epilepsy in children. This case-control retrospective study was carried out in the pediatric neurology outpatient service of the Trivandrum Medical College. All children (1-12 years) with epilepsy satisfying the selection criteria were included, after obtaining consent from parents. Those with single seizures ...
Ding Yan-Hua - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In contrast to the considerable volume of international research on infant attachment development, significantly less research has been conducted in China. AIM: The present study was designed to identify the patterns of mother-infant attachment in Shanghai and to explore the influence factors. STUDY DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: The subjects included ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The hormonal milieus of pregnancy and lactation are driving forces of nutrient fluxes supporting infant growth and development. The decrease of insulin sensitivity with compensatory hyperinsulinemia with advancing gestation, causes adipose tissue lipolysis and hepatic de novo lipogenesis (DNL). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We compared fatty acid (FA) contents and ...
Gale C - - 2011
BACKGOUND: Perinatal transfer is an unavoidable part of neonatal care. In-utero as opposed to postnatal transfer is recommended whenever possible. AIMS: To quantify prevalence of in-utero transfers, determine the duration of time spent arranging in-utero transfers and whether failures in the organisation of potential in-utero transfers were occurring. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Godown Justin - - 2011
We present a case of a premature female infant, with a delayed diagnosis of hemitruncus, who underwent primary repair at 105 days of life. There have been few published reports of premature infants with hemitruncus, and none to our knowledge who underwent repair that was significantly delayed.
Archer Stephanie L - - 2011
By 9-months infants are sensitive to native-language sound combinations. Our studies show that while younger infants discriminate clusters, they are not sensitive to differences in statistical frequency. Thus, the emergence of phonotactic knowledge is driven by experience with the frequency of occurrence of the sound combinations in one's language.
Huhtala Mira - - 2011
Aim:  To assess the associations between cognitive development of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and measures of parental psychological well-being. Methods:  In this prospective cohort study, 182 VLBW infants born 1/2001-12/2006 at the Turku University Hospital, Finland, were followed up. At 2 years corrected age, cognitive development of the ...
de Almeida Thomazinho Paula - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of delay in gross motor development in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observational study. A total of 15 children with CF were included in the analyses. The selection criteria was age between 6 and 42months. Data on demographic, anthropometric, clinical ...
Vebø Heidi C - - 2011
At birth, the human infant gut is sterile, but it becomes fully colonized within a few days. This initial colonization process has a major impact on immune development. Our knowledge about the correlations between aberrant colonization patterns and immunological diseases, however, is limited. The aim of the present work was ...
Leerkes Esther M - - 2011
The extent to which maternal sensitivity during a non-arousing free play task and during distressing tasks at 6 months predicted infant-mother attachment security was examined. When considered simultaneously, only maternal sensitivity during distressing tasks predicted subsequent attachment security. Infant temperament was unrelated to attachment security.
Liedel Jennifer L - - 2011
Preterm infants face many challenges in transitioning from the in utero to extrauterine environment while still immature. Failure of the preterm gut to successfully mature to accommodate bacteria and food substrate leads to significant morbidity such as neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. The intestinal epithelial barrier plays a critical role in gut ...
Rivkees Scott A - - 2011
Few signaling molecules have the potential to influence the developing mammal as the nucleoside adenosine. Adenosine levels increase rapidly with tissue hypoxia and inflammation. Adenosine antagonists include the methylxanthines caffeine and theophylline. The receptors that transduce adenosine action are the A1, A2a, A2b, and A3 adenosine receptors (ARs). In the ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2011
Women have the right to support that enables them to breastfeed. Supporting breastfeeding in emergencies is important because artificial feeding places mothers and children at risk. In emergencies, artificial feeding is dangerous to the infant, difficult and requires substantial resources. In contrast, breastfeeding guards infant health. It is also protective ...
Pirinccioglu Ayfer Gözü - - 2011
Background:  This retrospective study presents clinical, demographical features and radiological findings as well as outcomes of 31 infants with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) due to vitamin K deficiency and hence evaluates the risk factors involved. Methods:  Thirty-one cases (17 males and 14 females) having a mean age of 52.52 ± 20.80 ...
Barreca Alan I - - 2011
We reconsider the effect of very low birth weight classification on infant mortality. We demonstrate that the estimates are highly sensitive to the exclusion of observations in the immediate vicinity of the 1,500-g threshold, weakening the confidence in the results originally reported in Almond, Doyle, Kowalski, and Williams (2010).
Andrews Jessica Y - - 2011
The period immediately after release from custody is a time of marked vulnerability and increased risk of death for ex-prisoners. Despite this, there is currently no routine, national system for monitoring ex-prisoner mortality in Australia. This study subsequently aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of Australia's National Coroners Information System (NCIS) ...
Paukner Annika - - 2011
Human infants are capable of accurately matching facial gestures of an experimenter within a few hours after birth, a phenomenon called neonatal imitation. Recent studies have suggested that rather than being a simple reflexive-like behavior, infants exert active control over imitative responses and 'provoke' previously imitated gestures even after a ...
Lamberti Laura M - - 2011
Lack of exclusive breastfeeding among infants 0-5 months of age and no breastfeeding among children 6-23 months of age are associated with increased diarrhea morbidity and mortality in developing countries. We estimate the protective effects conferred by varying levels of breastfeeding exposure against diarrhea incidence, diarrhea prevalence, diarrhea mortality, all-cause ...
Rajendiran Ashwin - - 2011
A 2-month-old male infant, born of second degree consanguineous parentage, presented with seizures not responding to phenytoin and phenobarbitone. His perinatal period had been uneventful and there was no family history of seizures. On examination, he had failure to thrive, perioral and perianal rash, alopecia with hypopigmented hair, seborrhoeic dermatitis, ...
Fisk Catherine M CM MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2011
A number of studies in developed countries suggest that breastfeeding protects against infections in infancy. However, the choice to breastfeed is often related to maternal characteristics, and many of these studies are limited in the extent to which they can take account of confounding influences. In a prospective birth cohort ...
Williams Kacee D KD - - 2010
Breastfeeding is readily accepted as the ideal source of infant nutrition for healthy growth and development. There are, however, many factors that lead to a mother's decision to discontinue breastfeeding. The most commonly reported problem is sore or painful nipples. It is essential that the healthcare team not only understands ...
Verhagen Elise A - - 2010
Preterm infants are at risk of developing germinal matrix hemorrhages-intraventricular hemorrhages (GMH-IVH). Disturbances in cerebral perfusion are associated with GMH-IVH. Regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (r(c)SO₂), measured with near-infrared spectroscopy, and fractional tissue oxygen extraction (FTOE) were calculated to obtain an indication of cerebral perfusion. Our objective was to determine ...
Tam Emily W Y - - 2011
To hypothesize that detailed examination of early cerebellar volumes in time would distinguish differences in cerebellar growth associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and white matter injury in preterm infants. Preterm newborns at the University of California San Francisco (n = 57) and the University of British Columbia (n = 115) ...
Duran Ridvan - - 2010
Neonatal leukemoid reaction (NLR) is relatively rare and considered as a white blood cell (WBC) count ≥50×10(9)/l . The aim of this study was to investigate the association of NLR with neonatal morbidity and mortality and maternal chorioamnionitis in low birth weight infants. In this case-controlled retrospective study, the medical ...
Chun Hyoung-Joon - - 2011
Unilateral hydrocephalus is a rare type of hydrocephalus caused by germinal matrix hemorrhage-intraventricular hemorrhage (GMH-IVH) in preterm infants. We present a case of posthemorrhagic unilateral hydrocephalus in a preterm infant that was successfully treated with neuroendoscopic fenestration of the foramen of Monro without septostomy. Brain ultrasound of a female infant ...
Kallankari Hanna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in very preterm infants is a common disease associated with long-term consequences. Risk factors of IVH remain to be further defined. AIMS: To determine whether specific immunoproteins at birth predict the risk of IVH and whether their receptors are localized at the bleeding site. METHODS: A ...
Limbrick David D DD - - 2010
OBJECT: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and progressive posthemorrhagic ventricular dilation (PPHVD) may result in significant neurological morbidity in preterm infants. At present, there is no consensus regarding the optimal timing or type of neurosurgical procedure to best treat PPHVD. Conflicting data exist regarding the relative risks and benefits of two commonly ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to assess the role of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment of hydrocephalus in children under 1 year of age. The authors analyzed data of ETV in their institution. Between January 1995 and December 2008, 52 ETV procedures were performed for the treatment ...
Ou-Yang Mei-Chen - - 2010
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is an uncommon but important cause of morbidity and mortality in term neonates. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics and developmental outcomes of symptomatic ICH in term neonates. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all term neonates (less than 1 month old) diagnosed ...
Lim W-H - - 2011
Objective:To identify the risk factors contributing to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in extremely low birth weight infants during early postnatal life, after appropriate matching for gestational age (GA) and birth body weight (BBW).Study Design:A case-control retrospective study was designed to evaluate preterm infants with a GA 26 weeks and a BBW ...
Hartmann Carolin - - 2010
Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) infection is a rare event in paediatric patients and often occurs under immunosuppression or after surgical intervention. We report what we believe to be the first paediatric case of ventriculitis due to VRE (in a 2-month-old infant) to be successfully treated with combined intravenous (i.v.) and ...
Piotrowski Andrzej - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The association between intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and coagulation in infants has been a subject of controversy. Only few publications assessing risk factors for development of IVH reported results of coagulation studies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the levels of coagulation and fibrinolysis systems in ELBW infants and determine their influence on ...
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