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Berkun Y Y 1Departments of Pediatrics; Obstetrics and Gynecology; Neonatology; Pediatric Neurology; National Hemophilia Center and Institute of Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel and Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Objective Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may present with thrombosis and persistently elevated titers of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in the neonatal period. Our aim was to investigate the course and impact of elevated titers of aPL in a cohort of infants presenting with either perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAS) or cerebral sinus ...
Kadivar Maliheh M Department of Neonatal Care Unit, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Congenital granular cell tumor (GCT) is a relatively rare intraoral benign tumor, approximately 200 cases of which have been reported in the neonatal period worldwide. The newborn infant may have feeding problems and respiratory difficulties due to airway obstruction. This lesion may be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography and simple resection ...
Puzik Alexander - - 2014
In term newborns meconium ileus is frequently associated with cystic fibrosis. Reports on meconium ileus in preterm infants being diagnosed with cystic fibrosis early after birth are very scarce. Associations between genotype and phenotype in cystic fibrosis and its particular comorbidities have been reported. Two extremely preterm twin infants (26 ...
Herskovic Ethel E Department of Medical Imaging, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 225 E. Chicago Ave, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA, - - 2014
Reported cases of metastases to the placenta are uncommon, and maternal transmission of tumor to the fetus is even more infrequent. However, vertical transmission of tumor can occur and should be considered as a potential etiology of malignancy in newborns and infants born to mothers with a history of cancer ...
Dougan Grace C GC Department of Pediatrics, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, - - 2013
A male infant was diagnosed with partial androgen insensitivity caused by a novel mutation in the androgen receptor. At 3.5 months of age, he received 100 mg of testosterone intramuscularly over the course of 3 months to increase phallic size. He developed pubic hair after 5 months and signs of ...
Hofer N - - 2013
Aim of this study was to describe the course of perinatal factors in neonates with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) from 1990 to 2010 and to determine risk factors for a severe course of the disease.All neonates with MAS hospitalized in our level III neonatal intensive care unit from 1990 to ...
Marx Carolin - - 2013
Background:Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) represent the third most abundant component of human breast milk. More than a hundred structurally distinct HMO have been identified, and the HMO composition varies between mothers as well as over the course of lactation. Some newborn infants receive donor milk (DM) when their mother's own ...
Wong D - - 2013
To compare mortality, short-term morbidity and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of <29 week premature infants with antenatal steroid exposure (none, incomplete and complete). Multicentre retrospective cohort study, within a geographically defined area in Australia served by a network of 10 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), of infants <29 weeks gestational age, ...
Kiat-Amnuay Sudarat - - 2013
We report the first example, to our knowledge, of a frictional keratosis from exuberant sucking in a breastfeeding infant. A 2-month-old girl was referred for evaluation of a well-demarcated, nonsloughing white keratotic plaque of the lower lip mucosa, just inside the vermilion border. The plaque had a slightly irregular surface, ...
Jon Cindy - - 2013
We present an infant who was born premature at 23 weeks gestation with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and a SFTPC gene mutation, p.R167Q, who had a complicated neonatal course requiring 4 months of mechanical ventilation. Over time, his clinical course has improved, and he only requires oxygen by nasal cannula and low ...
Kiliś-Pstrusińska Katarzyna - - 2013
Spontaneous kidney rupture could develop in the course of posterior urethral valve (PUV), the most common cause of outflow urinary tract obstruction in male infants. However, urinary extravasation is a rare complication among this group of children. Our case report presents diagnostic difficulties connected with spontaneous kidney rupture due to ...
Bancalari Eduardo - - 2013
Because mechanical ventilation is associated with severe complications in premature infants, it is important to limit its duration as much as possible. This can be accomplished by using startegies that preserve spontaneous respiration such as patient triggered and volume target ventilation. The use of respiratory stimulants and nasal CPAP or ...
Rini Regina A - - 2013
In a recent paper, Giubilini and Minerva argue for the moral permissibility of what they call 'after-birth abortion', or infanticide. Here I suggest that they actually employ a confusion of two distinct arguments: one relying on the purportedly identical moral status of a fetus and a newborn, and the second ...
Haworth Joshua L - - 2013
A normal time-course for the acquisition of sitting is essential. A delay in sitting may affect other developmental milestones, resulting in deficiencies in overall skill. Therefore, our aim was to identify variables whose measures at the very beginning of sitting would allow for the projection of the evolution of the ...
Chawla Sanjay - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-22 months' corrected age of extremely premature infants exposed to a complete course, an incomplete course or no dose of antenatal steroids (ANS). Methods: Retrospective chart review of extremely premature (< 28 weeks gestational age) neonates over a 3 year period. Neurodevelopmental ...
Oppenheimer Julia E JE University of New Mexico, USA. - - 2013
This study examined mothers' physiological reactivity in response to infant distress during the Still-Face Paradigm. We aimed to explore normative regulatory profiles and associated physiological and behavioral processes in order to further our understanding of what constitutes regulation in this dyadic context. We examined physiological patterns--vagal tone, indexed by respiratory ...
James Deeptiman - - 2013
Burkoholderia pseudomallei is an emerging cause of localized musculoskeletal infections. We report the case of a 9-month-old infant with isolated primary chronic osteomyelitis of the fifth metatarsal. Radiographs showed expansion and thickening of the cortex. The metatarsal had lytic lesions with scalloped margins; no periosteal reaction or sequestration was seen. ...
Oppenheimer Stephen - - 2012
In 1978, I returned from a 2-year government posting as provincial paediatrician to East and West Sepik provinces of Papua New Guinea (PNG), having already enrolled on the Diploma of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (DTM&H) course at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. I had been too late to enrol ...
Spoel Marjolein - - 2012
Background: Several studies have evaluated short-term neonatal outcome in infants with congenital lung lesions (CLL) but clinical course and lung function in the longer term have not yet been documented. We hypothesized that clinical course and lung function would be negatively affected by surgical resection. Objective: To evaluate respiratory symptoms ...
Connelly Kara J - - 2012
We report the cases of 3 infants with congenital hypothyroidism detected with the use of our newborn screening program, with evidence supporting excess maternal iodine ingestion (12.5 mg/d) as the etiology. Levels of whole blood iodine extracted from their newborn screening specimens were 10 times above mean control levels. Excess ...
Leung Angela M AM Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 East Newton St., Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
Breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine for thyroid hormone production required for neurodevelopment. Dietary iodine among women of childbearing age in the United States may be insufficient. Perchlorate (competitive inhibitor of the sodium/iodide symporter [NIS]) exposure is ubiquitous. Thiocyanate, from cigarettes and diet, is a weaker NIS inhibitor. Environmental perchlorate ...
Kapil Umesh - - 2012
In severe iodine deficient areas, iodine deficiency has been documented to be an important etiological factor leading to poor fetal growth and development. Iodine is essential for physical growth and development of the central nervous system of the fetus. Iodine deficiency in pregnant mothers leads to increased incidence of infertility ...
Milewski Antoni V - - 2012
Pandas are endemic to iodine-poor environments and appear to be specialized for a goitrogenic staple diet. In particular, the importance of thiocyanate in bamboos might possibly have been overlooked in captive breeding programs. Although excreted in urine, thiocyanate first antagonizes absorption of iodine by the thyroid (of parent, fetus and ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2012
To investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in non-thyroidal illness (NTI) in premature infants. Serum levels of IL-6 and CRP, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroxine (T4), free T4 (fT4), total triiodothyronine (T3), and free T3 (fT3) were determined at the 1st, 2nd and 4th weeks of ...
Leung Angela - - 2012
Background: Breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine for thyroid hormone production required for neurodevelopment. Dietary iodine among women of childbearing age in the United States may be insufficient. Perchlorate (competitive inhibitor of the sodium/iodide symporter [NIS]) exposure is ubiquitous. Thiocyanate, from cigarettes and diet, is a weaker NIS inhibitor. Environmental ...
Moore Gregory P - - 2012
To document the rate of surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely premature infants who had received more than one course of indomethacin. Outcomes were compared among three subgroups (ligation, further indomethacin and no further treatment) of infants who received at least one course of indomethacin, and ...
Kochi Mahsa Hoshmand - - 2012
Administration of radioactive iodine to a pregnant woman for thyroid ablation has been shown to affect neonatal thyroid levels. Thus, there is a theoretical risk in affecting a neonate's thyroid level upon birth with prior administration of intravenous contrast containing iodine to a pregnant woman during a computed tomographic scan. ...
Belfort Mandy B - - 2012
Iodine is critical for normal thyroid hormone synthesis and brain development during infancy, and preterm infants are particularly vulnerable to the effects of both iodine deficiency and excess. Use of iodine-containing skin antiseptics in intensive care nurseries has declined substantially in recent years, but whether the current dietary iodine intake ...
Maitusong Riziwanguli - - 2012
It has been 11 years since newborn screening started in Zhejiang in 1999. The aim of this study was to analyze and summarize the status of newborn screening in Zhejiang from 1999 to 2009. Blood samples were collected from the heels of newborns 72 hours after birth. We have conducted ...
Hashemipour Mahin - - 2012
Considering the role of maternal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor blocking antibody (TRAb) in the etiology of congenital hypothyroidism (CH), this study aimed to determine TRAb among patients with CH in Isfahan, Iran. In this case-control study, patients with CH and their mothers were compared with a group of healthy ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2012
Even if non invasive respiratory support is widespread used in the management of respiratory failure, nevertheless mechanical ventilation and surfactant replacement are standard care for many preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The interaction between exogenous surfactant and different modalities of ventilatory support are very important and can influence ...
Flannigan Christopher - - 2012
A 5-week-old male infant was admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit with small bowel obstruction secondary to an inguinal hernia. His postoperative course was complicated by suspected migration of his left internal jugular central venous catheter into branches of the inferior thyroid artery and mediastinum. This resulted in bilateral ...
Obeid Rawad - - 2012
Neonatal hyperthyroidism is a rare condition caused either by transplacental passage of thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins from a mother with Graves' disease or by activating mutations of the thyrotropin receptors and α-subunit of G-protein. The clinical features may vary. We report a case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis in an infant born to a ...
Gauthier Bruno - - 2011
Infant-directed speech (IDS) is believed to facilitate language learning. However, the benefit may be either due to clearer acoustic correlates to linguistic structures, or simply increased attention from infants induced by IDS exaggerated prosody. This study investigated the pure effect of IDS pitch on lexical tone learning, with attentional/affective factors ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2011
blomqvist y.t., rubertsson c., kylberg e., jöreskog k. & nyqvist k.h. (2011) Kangaroo Mother Care helps fathers of preterm infants gain confidence in the paternal role. Journal of Advanced Nursing 00(0), 000-000. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article is a report on a descriptive study of fathers' experiences of providing their preterm infants ...
Azad Meghan B - - 2012
Perinatal programming, a dominant theory for the origins of cardiovascular disease, proposes that environmental stimuli influence developmental pathways during critical periods of prenatal and postnatal development, inducing permanent changes in metabolism. In this paper, we present evidence for the perinatal programming of asthma via the intestinal microbiome. While epigenetic mechanisms ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the early interaction between mothers and their infants with cleft lip, assessing the role of maternal affective state and expressiveness and differences in infant temperament. METHODS: Mother-infant interactions were assessed in 25 2-month-old infants with cleft lip and 25 age-matched healthy infants. Self-report and behavioral observations ...
Michie Colin A - - 2011
Neonatologists and paediatricians have a crucial role working with mothers at the most nutritionally challenged point in their lives and that of their infants. This position of responsibility is particularly important in tackling the re-emerging problem of hypovitaminosis D. In this overview the role of vitamin D, its contribution to ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
To clarify the relationship between preterm birth (PTB) and extreme weather events, we evaluated PTB during a January 1998 ice storm that had led to a provincial emergency in the middle of winter in the province of Québec, Canada. Singleton live births for three periods (1993-1997, 1998, 1999-2003) were obtained ...
Fernández Antonio - - 2011
Citrobacter freundii, a gram-negative enterobacterium, may cause fatal septicemia in humans and animals. Its potential pathogenic role in cetaceans (bottlenose dolphins and beluga whales) has been hypothesized. Here we describe fatal C. freundii septicemia in a stranded newborn Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris).
Hairston Ilana S - - 2011
Children of parents who experienced trauma often present emotional and behavioral problems, a phenomenon named inter-generational transmission of trauma (IGTT). Combined with antenatal factors, parenting and the home environment contribute to the development and maintenance of sleep problems in children. In turn, infant sleep difficulty predicts behavioral and emotional problems ...
Dirks Tineke - - 2011
During the past two decades, awareness of the role of the family in the child's life has increased and the term 'family-centred services' (FCS) has been introduced to facilitate care for children with special needs and their families. It is, however, unclear how various early intervention programmes incorporate family involvement ...
Lori S - - 2011
Neonatal encephalopathy is a significant cause of infant mortality and morbidity with risk of neurological sequelae in the survivors of neonates admitted to Neonatal (N) Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The EEG and Evoked Potentials (EPs) are very informative in the ICU. In particular, it is known that the SomatoSensory (SS) ...
Solmeyer Anna R - - 2011
We explored how parent gender, infant temperament, and coparenting dynamics worked together to shape mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms, stress, and parental efficacy during early parenthood. We were interested in the coparenting relationship as a context that shapes how parents respond to their infant's temperamental qualities. Participants were 139 couples ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2011
Much emphasis in recent decades has been devoted to inflammation and infection as a premier causal mechanism of preterm birth. This article explores the epidemiologic, clinical, and animal data that exist to support this conceptual paradigm as well as proposed mechanisms through which to potentially mitigate the adversity of prematurity. ...
Ryan Julia A - - 2011
To compare low birth weight (LBW: <2,500 g) between infants born to adolescent and adult mothers in Iquitos, Peru. A random sample of 4,467 records of women who delivered at the Hospital Apoyo Iquitos between 2005 and 2007 was collected from hospital birth registries. Multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were ...
Senju Atsushi - - 2011
In the research reported here, we investigated whether 18-month-olds would use their own past experience of visual access to attribute perception and consequent beliefs to other people. Infants in this study wore either opaque blindfolds (opaque condition) or trick blindfolds that looked opaque but were actually transparent (trick condition). Then ...
Conrad Nicole J - - 2011
Caregivers around the world sing to their infants. Infants not only prefer to listen to infant-directed singing over adult-directed singing, but infant-directed singing also serves a function, communicating affective information to preverbal infants to aid in adjusting arousal levels. Pitch variation has previously been identified as one performance feature that ...
Kunze Mirjam - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate colonization, transmission rate and serotype distribution of group B streptococci (GBS) in pregnant women and infants born in a single University Center in Germany. Methods: In a prospective study we collected cultures from pregnant women and ear cultures from newborns. We performed serotyping and susceptibility testing. ...
Kébé K - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the NucliSENS EasyQ HIV-1 v1.2 platform (bioMérieux, France) to the Amplicor HIV-1 DNA test v1.5 (Roche Molecular Systems, Switzerland) in detecting HIV-1 infection in infants using venipuncture-derived whole blood in tubes and dried blood spots. A total of 149 ...
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