Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1386
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Matovu A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors influencing adherence to exclusive breast feeding (EBF) among HIV positive mothers in Kabarole district, Uganda. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kabarore district, western Uganda. SUBJECTS: HIV infected women attending for psychosocial support that adhered or did not adhere to EBF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared personal ...
Hayes Edward J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids was associated with decreased rate of death in neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study performed at three tertiary centers of neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation between 1998 and 2007. Stillbirths, voluntary terminations, ...
de Felice C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An acute thymic involution in human fetuses and newborns has been described in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with histological chorioamnionitis. However, the mechanisms of thymic involution remain to be clarified. Here, we tested the hypothesis that an activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis occurs in VLBW infants with acute thymic ...
Andersen Helle R - - 2008
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy causes adverse effects on the reproductive development in the male infants. Pregnant women employed in greenhouses in Denmark were consecutively recruited, and 113 mother-son pairs were included. The mothers were categorized as occupationally exposed (91 ...
Swamy Geeta K - - 2008
CONTEXT: Preterm birth is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Less is known about long-term health among persons born preterm. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term effects of preterm birth on survival, reproduction, and next-generation preterm birth. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Population-based, observational, longitudinal study using registry data from ...
Kuzniewicz Michael W - - 2008
To estimate the effect of phototherapy and other predictors on the risk of total serum bilirubin (TSB) >or= 25 mg/dL in infants with a TSB of 17 to 22.9 mg/dL at age >or= 48 hours. From a cohort of 285295 infants >or= 34 weeks gestation and >or= 2000 g born ...
Thomas Sanjeev V - - 2008
We prospectively evaluated the mental (MeDQ) and motor (MoDQ) developmental quotients of 395 (67.5% of the eligible) infants of mothers with epilepsy (IME) (mean age: 15 months) enrolled in the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy between 1998 and 2004. The same developmental pediatricians, blinded to antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure, ...
Edmond K M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early infant feeding practices on low birth weight- (LBW) specific neonatal mortality in rural Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 11 787-breastfed babies were born between July 2003 and June 2004 and survived to day 2. Overall, 3411 (30.3%) infants had weight recorded within ...
Mendes Thaís B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in very low birth weight infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in 23 cases and 23 control subjects with bronchopulmonary dysplasia submitted to 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring between January 2001 and October 2005. Cases and ...
Bansal Narinder - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate early influences of postnatal growth on blood pressure (BP) in healthy, British-born South Asian and European origin infants. We tested the hypotheses that South Asian infants would be smaller in all body dimensions (length and weight) with higher relative truncal skinfold ...
Kermorvant-Duchemin Elsa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Few accurate data are available on the outcome of septic shock in the neonatal period. The objective was to describe outcome and to determine variables associated with death or adverse outcome in neonates with septic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in a ...
McKinney Christy M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe infant and maternal characteristics among infants with plagiocephaly and to quantify time trends in potential risk factors for plagiocephaly. DESIGN: Case-only study. We described the characteristics of individuals born between 1987 and 2002. We also compared characteristics of individuals born from 1987 through 1990, before the American ...
Flaherman V J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A recent study proposed a risk factor scoring system for prediction of hyperbilirubinaemia that assigned increased risk to infants of higher birth weight. OBJECTIVE: To investigate this novel finding in a large, retrospective cohort analysis. METHODS: 105 384 newborns (> or =2000 g and > or =36 weeks) were ...
Hersoug Lars-Georg - - 2008
It has been proposed that exposure to infections and microbes protects against atopic diseases, but epidemiological data has so far been conflicting. We hypothesized that maternal exposure to infections and microbes before or during pregnancy would be of particular importance. To test this hypothesis, we studied the incidence of wheezing ...
Kamath B D - - 2008
To determine the contribution of infants born at the threshold of viability (defined as <750 g birth weight) and the role of regionalization of perinatal care on the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) in Colorado. We performed a retrospective cohort study, evaluating all live births in Colorado from 1991 to 2003, ...
Murphy Trudy V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the burden of pertussis in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants. STUDY DESIGN: AI/AN pertussis-associated hospitalizations between 1980 and 2004 were evaluated using Indian Health Service (IHS)/tribal inpatient data, which include all reported hospitalizations within the IHS/tribal health care system. RESULTS: Between 1980 and 2004, 483 ...
Kayem Gilles - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare neonatal death rates in preterm singleton breech deliveries from 26 weeks to 29 weeks 6 days of gestation in centers with either a policy of planned vaginal delivery (PVD) or planned cesarean delivery (PCD). STUDY DESIGN: Women with preterm singleton breech ...
Qiu Xiangming - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of multiple-birth and singleton very preterm infants who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: Three-level hierarchical generalized linear and hierarchical linear model analyses were used to compare the risk-adjusted outcomes of 3,242 infants born at or before 32 weeks of gestational age ...
Walker Elizabeth A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if babbling complexity in early childhood is related to speech and language outcomes in later childhood in children with cochlear implants (CIs). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen infants with CIs participated. INTERVENTION: Infants received multichannel CIs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Infant vocal recordings were ...
Milham Samuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Washington State Department of Health has collected and coded parental occupation information on birth certificates since 1980. We used these data to search for possible effects of parental occupational exposures on birth outcomes. METHODS: We tabulated sex ratio, birth weight, and proportions of multiple births, still births, and ...
Agnihotri B B Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2008
To determine the correlation between parental and offspring birthweight (BW) in India. The study involved two birth cohorts of successive generations. The parental cohort comprised of 472 fathers and 422 mothers from an earlier study. Details of their anthropometry at birth and in adulthood were available. 1525 children born to ...
- - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrient supplementation in developing countries is generally restricted to provision of iron and folic acid (IFA). Change in practice toward supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) has been hindered by little evidence of the effects of MMN on fetal loss and infant death. We assessed the effect of maternal ...
Knoester Marjolein - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term health in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) singletons. DESIGN: Follow-up study. SETTING: University medical center, assessments between March 2004 and May 2005. PATIENT(S): Singletons born between June 1996 and December 1999 after ICSI in the Leiden University Medical Center laboratory were compared with matched singletons ...
Lindgren Helena E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this population-based study was to measure the risk of adverse outcome for mother and child in planned home births in a Swedish population irrespective of where the birth actually occurred, at home or in hospital after transfer. DESIGN: A population-based study using data from the Swedish ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2008
Parental questionnaires are inexpensive alternatives to standardized testing for outcome measurement. The Parent Report of Children's Abilities has previously been revised (PARCA-R) and validated for use with very-preterm infants at 2 years of age. This study revalidated the PARCA-R for assessing cognition in a larger and more inclusive sample of ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate short stature and smoking habits as risk factors for birth outcome in international adoptees in comparison with non-adopted mothers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide study in Sweden. POPULATION: Two study groups were identified from mothers who were born 1968-1979 and gave birth during 1982-2001-3,610 mother-child dyads ...
Landmann Eva - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe mortality and morbidity of neonates born at <26 weeks' gestation in a contemporary population-based cohort. METHODS: We analyzed data of neonates born at <26 weeks between 1998 and 2003 in the Federal State of Hesse, Germany. Survival was calculated at 28 days and at discharge from hospital. ...
Rodríguez-Pinilla Elvira - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is one of the most frequently occurring genital anomalies described in infants prenatally exposed to valproic acid (VA). However, to our knowledge, only one publication has studied a potential causal relationship between VA and hypospadias, only estimating the unadjusted global risk. Here we present the results of a ...
Gies Sabine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for pregnant women (IPTp-SP) is currently being scaled up in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite high antenatal clinic (ANC) attendance, coverage with the required two doses of SP remains low. The study investigated whether a targeted community-based promotion campaign to increase ANC attendance ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Child under-nutrition is a leading factor underlying child mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies from Uganda have reported impaired growth, but there have been few if any community-based infant anthropometric studies from Eastern Uganda. The aim of this study was to describe current infant growth patterns using ...
Oda Nanae - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of antenatal risk factors on the occurrence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants from pregnancies complicated by placenta previa. STUDY DESIGN: The association between obstetric risk factors and PVL was assessed in 30 singleton live births complicated with placenta previa ...
Jonsson Maria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate obstetric characteristics during the last two hours of labor in neonates born with acidemia. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Delivery units at two university hospitals in Sweden. STUDY POPULATION: Out of 28,486 deliveries during 1994-2004, 305 neonates had an umbilical artery pH value <7.05 at birth. METHODS: Cases: neonates ...
Kieffer François - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retinochoroiditis is the main complication of congenital toxoplasmosis. Its risk factors have rarely been investigated and were the object of this study. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 300 infants with congenital toxoplasmosis born between July 1, 1996 and December 31, 2002 and treated with pyrimethamine and sulfonamide ...
Blume Heidi K - - 2008
In this study we examined the relationship between diagnoses of isolated intrapartum fever or chorioamnionitis and the risk of encephalopathy in term newborns. We conducted a population-based, case-control study in Washington State using 1994 to 2002 linked data from the Washington State Birth Registry and the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting ...
Seligman Renato - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The present study sought to investigate the correlation of copeptin with the severity of septic status in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and to analyze the usefulness of copeptin as a predictor of mortality in VAP. METHODS: The prospective observational cohort study was conducted in a teaching hospital. The ...
Son Ji-Young - - 2008
Infants are known to be susceptible to the adverse health effects of ambient air pollution. The authors examined the relationship between air pollution and postneonatal mortality from all causes among firstborn infants in Seoul, Korea, during 1999-2003, using both case-crossover and time-series analyses. Using a bidirectional control-sampling approach, the authors ...
Jedrychowski Wiesław - - 2008
The main goal of the study was to assess the pattern of risk factors having an impact on the onset of early wheezing phenotypes in the birth cohort of 468 two-year-olds. A secondary objective was to investigate a possible association between early persistent wheezing and infant's length at birth. Approximately ...
Johnston C Celeste - - 2008
Skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been shown to be efficacious in diminishing pain response to heel lance in full term and moderately preterm neonates. The purpose of this study was to determine if KMC would also be efficacious in very preterm neonates. Preterm neonates (n = 61) ...
Milloy M-J S - - 2008
Illicit drug overdose remains a leading cause of premature mortality in urban settings worldwide. We sought to estimate the number of deaths potentially averted by the implementation of a medically supervised safer injection facility (SIF) in Vancouver, Canada. The number of potentially averted deaths was calculated using an estimate of ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2008
Interpregnancy interval (IPI), marital status, and neighborhood are independently associated with birth outcomes. The joint contribution of these exposures has not been evaluated. We tested for effect modification between IPI and marriage, controlling for neighborhood. We analyzed a cohort of 98,330 live births in Montréal, Canada from 1997-2001 to assess ...
Ng Eugene - - 2008
Functional immaturity of gastrointestinal motility predisposes preterm infants to feeding intolerance. Erythromycin is a motilin agonist that exerts its prokinetic effect by stimulating propagative contractile activity in the interdigestive phase. To evaluate the efficacy of erythromycin in the prevention and treatment of feeding intolerance in preterm infants. Systematic literature search ...
Hough Judith L - - 2008
Chest physiotherapy (CPT) has been used in many neonatal nurseries around the world to improve airway clearance and treat lung collapse; however, the evidence to support its use has been conflicting. Despite the large number of studies there is very little evidence of sufficiently good quality on which to base ...
Tubman T R J - - 2008
Glutamine endogenous biosynthesis may be insufficient for tissue needs in states of metabolic stress. Trials in adults have suggested that glutamine supplementation improves clinical outcomes in critically ill adults. It has been suggested that glutamine supplementation may benefit preterm infants, particularly very low birth weight infants. To determine the effects ...
McCall E M - - 2008
Hypothermia incurred during routine postnatal resuscitation is a world-wide issue (across all climates), associated with morbidity and mortality. Keeping vulnerable preterm infants warm is problematic even when recommended routine thermal care guidelines are followed in the delivery suite. To assess efficacy and safety of interventions designed for prevention of hypothermia ...
New K - - 2008
The use of incubators in helping to maintain a thermoneutral environment for preterm infants has become routine practice in neonatal nurseries. As one of the key criteria for discharging preterm infants from nurseries is their ability to maintain temperature; the infant will need to make the transition from incubator to ...
Whitworth M - - 2008
Preterm birth occurs in up to 6% to 10% of all births and is the major complication of pregnancy associated with perinatal mortality and morbidity. Previous preterm delivery is a strong predictor for preterm labour, and the earlier the birth, the more likely it is to be repeated at the ...
Chaudhari Tejasvi - - 2008
Delayed neuronal death following a perinatal hypoxic insult is due partly to xanthine oxidase-mediated production of cytotoxic free radicals. Evidence exists that allopurinol, a xanthine-oxidase inhibitor, reduces delayed cell death in animal models of perinatal asphyxia and in human patients with other forms of organ reperfusion injury. To determine the ...
Zhang Linjie - - 2008
Airway edema and mucus plugging are the predominant pathological features in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. Nebulized hypertonic saline solution may reduce these pathological changes and decrease airway obstruction. To assess the effects of nebulized hypertonic saline solution in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. We searched the Cochrane Central Register ...
Brownfoot Fiona C - - 2008
Despite the widespread use of antenatal corticosteroids to prevent respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants, there is currently no consensus as to the type of corticosteroid to use; nor the dose, frequency or timing of use or the route of administration. To assess the effects of different corticosteroid regimens for ...
Shaikh Nader - - 2007
CONTEXT: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a frequently occurring pediatric illness that, if left untreated, can lead to permanent renal injury. Accordingly, accurate diagnosis of UTI is important. OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnostic accuracy of symptoms and signs for the diagnosis of UTI in infants and children. DATA SOURCES: A ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >