Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1404
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Yee Wendy H - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine if triplet infants with birthweight < or = 1250 g were at increased risk of long-term disability compared with similar birthweight and gestational age singletons and twins. This was a retrospective cohort study of < or = 1250-g infants admitted to a ...
Arad Ilan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of premature deliveries occur in hospitals lacking neonatal intensive care facilities. We previously demonstrated a comparable outcome of very low birth weight infants delivered in a level II nursery to that of inborn infants delivered in our tertiary care center, but a similar comparison of extremely ...
Ozmert Elif N - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has been shown to have many untoward healh effects, however no study directly evaluated the effect of ETS on diarrheal diseases. In this case control study we aimed to define the risk factors including ETS for diarrheal diseases in 6-18 months old infants who live in ...
Kwok M K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is a modifiable cause of ill health. Despite the smoking ban in public places introduced in Hong Kong in 2007, infants and children continue to be exposed within the home. AIMS: To determine the critical windows of SHS exposure and the duration of its impact ...
Almeida Maria Fernanda Branco de - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal factors associated with early neonatal death in preterm infants with birth weights (BW) of 400-1,500 g. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study of all infants with BW of 400-1,500 g and 23-33 weeks of gestational age (GA), without malformations, who were born alive at eight public ...
Lahra M M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of maternal and fetal intrauterine inflammatory responses (chorioamnionitis and umbilical vasculitis) on the development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The study included all infants <30 weeks' gestation born at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia, and ...
Mallen Christian David - - 2008
The rise in the prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders over the past two decades has been well documented, yet this increase has still to be fully explained. One possible hypothesis is that the rise in atopic disease is related to recent changes in obstetric practice. Using a population ...
Meehan William P WP - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Young infants with fever routinely undergo laboratory evaluation, and many are treated with empirical antibiotics even when the infant seems well. The requirement of a lumbar puncture (LP) as part of a routine evaluation is debated; however, administration of antibiotics without an LP can cause concerns for partially treated ...
Khodapanahandeh Fariba - - 2008
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants; 80-90% of cases occur between birth and the third day of life. In a retrospective case control clinical study, files of all premature infants with birth weights <1500 grams admitted between April ...
Auger N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The unresolved "epidemiological paradox" concerns the association between low socioeconomic status and unexpectedly favourable birth outcomes in foreign born mothers. The "healthy migrant" effect concerns the association between foreign born status per se and birth outcomes. The epidemiological paradox and healthy migrant effect were analysed for newborns in a ...
Rudnicka Alicja R AR Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2008
It has been suggested that early life factors, including breastfeeding and birth weight, program childhood myopia. We examined the relation of reduced unaided vision (indicative of myopia) in childhood and adolescence with infant feeding, parental education, maternal age at birth, birth weight, sex, birth order, and socioeconomic status. Three British ...
Williams Emma K - - 2008
Short birth intervals have been associated with adverse birth outcomes. This study examines the association between preceding interval and risk of stillbirth or neonatal death in rural north India (n = 80 164). Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of stillbirth and neonatal mortality were calculated. The ...
Tham Edythe B C - - 2008
Double-inlet left ventricle (DILV) includes a diverse range of anatomic variables that affect the surgical strategy. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of anatomic subtype, associated anomalies, and fetal diagnosis on the management and outcomes of fetuses and infants with DILV. The outcomes of fetuses and ...
Berkule Samantha B SB Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2008
To determine whether mothers with plans related to shared reading and baby books in the home at the time of delivery of their newborns would be more likely to engage in shared reading behaviors at age 6 months. This was a cohort study with enrollment after birth and follow-up at ...
Blabey Margaret H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Compared to non-Natives in Alaska, the Alaska Native population has a postneonatal mortality rate 2.3 times higher (95% CI 1.9, 2.7). The objective of the study was to identify variables that account for this elevated risk. METHODS: The dataset used included birth and death certificate records for all Alaska-resident ...
Yee Wendy - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship among gestational age at elective cesarean delivery, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, and whether the presence of pre-cesarean delivery labor or ruptured membranes affected the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress. METHODS: A chart review was performed of all elective caesarean deliveries (documented planned in ...
Tielsch James M - - 2008
Maternal night blindness is common during pregnancy in many developing countries. Previous studies have demonstrated important consequences of maternal night blindness during pregnancy on the health of the mother and newborn infant. We compared birthweight, 6-mo infant mortality, morbidity, and growth among infants of women who did and did not ...
Mei Shuang - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate whether there is a significant relationship between hemodynamic models and pre-eclampsia outcomes. METHOD: A controlled experimental study was performed. We analyzed 2910 hemodynamic series systematically sampled from 970 pregnant women three times every 2 weeks from the definite diagnosis of pre-eclampsia until delivery. Women were divided into ...
Matovu A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors influencing adherence to exclusive breast feeding (EBF) among HIV positive mothers in Kabarole district, Uganda. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kabarore district, western Uganda. SUBJECTS: HIV infected women attending for psychosocial support that adhered or did not adhere to EBF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared personal ...
Hayes Edward J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids was associated with decreased rate of death in neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study performed at three tertiary centers of neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation between 1998 and 2007. Stillbirths, voluntary terminations, ...
de Felice C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An acute thymic involution in human fetuses and newborns has been described in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with histological chorioamnionitis. However, the mechanisms of thymic involution remain to be clarified. Here, we tested the hypothesis that an activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis occurs in VLBW infants with acute thymic ...
Andersen Helle R - - 2008
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy causes adverse effects on the reproductive development in the male infants. Pregnant women employed in greenhouses in Denmark were consecutively recruited, and 113 mother-son pairs were included. The mothers were categorized as occupationally exposed (91 ...
Swamy Geeta K GK Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA. - - 2008
Preterm birth is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Less is known about long-term health among persons born preterm. To determine the long-term effects of preterm birth on survival, reproduction, and next-generation preterm birth. Population-based, observational, longitudinal study using registry data from 1,167,506 singleton births in the Medical ...
Kuzniewicz Michael W MW Division of Neonatology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2008
To estimate the effect of phototherapy and other predictors on the risk of total serum bilirubin (TSB) >or= 25 mg/dL in infants with a TSB of 17 to 22.9 mg/dL at age >or= 48 hours. From a cohort of 285295 infants >or= 34 weeks gestation and >or= 2000 g born ...
Thomas Sanjeev V - - 2008
We prospectively evaluated the mental (MeDQ) and motor (MoDQ) developmental quotients of 395 (67.5% of the eligible) infants of mothers with epilepsy (IME) (mean age: 15 months) enrolled in the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy between 1998 and 2004. The same developmental pediatricians, blinded to antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure, ...
Edmond K M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early infant feeding practices on low birth weight- (LBW) specific neonatal mortality in rural Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 11 787-breastfed babies were born between July 2003 and June 2004 and survived to day 2. Overall, 3411 (30.3%) infants had weight recorded within ...
Mendes Thaís B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in very low birth weight infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in 23 cases and 23 control subjects with bronchopulmonary dysplasia submitted to 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring between January 2001 and October 2005. Cases and ...
Bansal Narinder - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate early influences of postnatal growth on blood pressure (BP) in healthy, British-born South Asian and European origin infants. We tested the hypotheses that South Asian infants would be smaller in all body dimensions (length and weight) with higher relative truncal skinfold ...
Kermorvant-Duchemin Elsa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Few accurate data are available on the outcome of septic shock in the neonatal period. The objective was to describe outcome and to determine variables associated with death or adverse outcome in neonates with septic shock. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in a ...
McKinney Christy M CM School of Public Health, University of Texas-Houston, Dallas Regional Campus, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. - - 2008
To describe infant and maternal characteristics among infants with plagiocephaly and to quantify time trends in potential risk factors for plagiocephaly. Case-only study. We described the characteristics of individuals born between 1987 and 2002. We also compared characteristics of individuals born from 1987 through 1990, before the American Academy of ...
Flaherman V J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A recent study proposed a risk factor scoring system for prediction of hyperbilirubinaemia that assigned increased risk to infants of higher birth weight. OBJECTIVE: To investigate this novel finding in a large, retrospective cohort analysis. METHODS: 105 384 newborns (> or =2000 g and > or =36 weeks) were ...
Hersoug Lars-Georg - - 2008
It has been proposed that exposure to infections and microbes protects against atopic diseases, but epidemiological data has so far been conflicting. We hypothesized that maternal exposure to infections and microbes before or during pregnancy would be of particular importance. To test this hypothesis, we studied the incidence of wheezing ...
Kamath B D - - 2008
To determine the contribution of infants born at the threshold of viability (defined as <750 g birth weight) and the role of regionalization of perinatal care on the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) in Colorado. We performed a retrospective cohort study, evaluating all live births in Colorado from 1991 to 2003, ...
Murphy Trudy V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the burden of pertussis in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) infants. STUDY DESIGN: AI/AN pertussis-associated hospitalizations between 1980 and 2004 were evaluated using Indian Health Service (IHS)/tribal inpatient data, which include all reported hospitalizations within the IHS/tribal health care system. RESULTS: Between 1980 and 2004, 483 ...
Kayem Gilles - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare neonatal death rates in preterm singleton breech deliveries from 26 weeks to 29 weeks 6 days of gestation in centers with either a policy of planned vaginal delivery (PVD) or planned cesarean delivery (PCD). STUDY DESIGN: Women with preterm singleton breech ...
Qiu Xiangming - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of multiple-birth and singleton very preterm infants who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: Three-level hierarchical generalized linear and hierarchical linear model analyses were used to compare the risk-adjusted outcomes of 3,242 infants born at or before 32 weeks of gestational age ...
Walker Elizabeth A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if babbling complexity in early childhood is related to speech and language outcomes in later childhood in children with cochlear implants (CIs). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENTS: Nineteen infants with CIs participated. INTERVENTION: Infants received multichannel CIs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Infant vocal recordings were ...
Milham Samuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Washington State Department of Health has collected and coded parental occupation information on birth certificates since 1980. We used these data to search for possible effects of parental occupational exposures on birth outcomes. METHODS: We tabulated sex ratio, birth weight, and proportions of multiple births, still births, and ...
Agnihotri B B Department of Child Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2008
To determine the correlation between parental and offspring birthweight (BW) in India. The study involved two birth cohorts of successive generations. The parental cohort comprised of 472 fathers and 422 mothers from an earlier study. Details of their anthropometry at birth and in adulthood were available. 1525 children born to ...
- - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrient supplementation in developing countries is generally restricted to provision of iron and folic acid (IFA). Change in practice toward supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) has been hindered by little evidence of the effects of MMN on fetal loss and infant death. We assessed the effect of maternal ...
Knoester Marjolein - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term health in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) singletons. DESIGN: Follow-up study. SETTING: University medical center, assessments between March 2004 and May 2005. PATIENT(S): Singletons born between June 1996 and December 1999 after ICSI in the Leiden University Medical Center laboratory were compared with matched singletons ...
Lindgren Helena E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this population-based study was to measure the risk of adverse outcome for mother and child in planned home births in a Swedish population irrespective of where the birth actually occurred, at home or in hospital after transfer. DESIGN: A population-based study using data from the Swedish ...
Johnson Samantha - - 2008
Parental questionnaires are inexpensive alternatives to standardized testing for outcome measurement. The Parent Report of Children's Abilities has previously been revised (PARCA-R) and validated for use with very-preterm infants at 2 years of age. This study revalidated the PARCA-R for assessing cognition in a larger and more inclusive sample of ...
Ekéus Cecilia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate short stature and smoking habits as risk factors for birth outcome in international adoptees in comparison with non-adopted mothers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide study in Sweden. POPULATION: Two study groups were identified from mothers who were born 1968-1979 and gave birth during 1982-2001-3,610 mother-child dyads ...
Landmann Eva - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe mortality and morbidity of neonates born at <26 weeks' gestation in a contemporary population-based cohort. METHODS: We analyzed data of neonates born at <26 weeks between 1998 and 2003 in the Federal State of Hesse, Germany. Survival was calculated at 28 days and at discharge from hospital. ...
Gies Sabine - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for pregnant women (IPTp-SP) is currently being scaled up in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite high antenatal clinic (ANC) attendance, coverage with the required two doses of SP remains low. The study investigated whether a targeted community-based promotion campaign to increase ANC attendance ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Child under-nutrition is a leading factor underlying child mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several studies from Uganda have reported impaired growth, but there have been few if any community-based infant anthropometric studies from Eastern Uganda. The aim of this study was to describe current infant growth patterns using ...
Oda Nanae - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of antenatal risk factors on the occurrence of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants from pregnancies complicated by placenta previa. STUDY DESIGN: The association between obstetric risk factors and PVL was assessed in 30 singleton live births complicated with placenta previa ...
Kieffer François - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retinochoroiditis is the main complication of congenital toxoplasmosis. Its risk factors have rarely been investigated and were the object of this study. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 300 infants with congenital toxoplasmosis born between July 1, 1996 and December 31, 2002 and treated with pyrimethamine and sulfonamide ...
Blume Heidi K - - 2008
In this study we examined the relationship between diagnoses of isolated intrapartum fever or chorioamnionitis and the risk of encephalopathy in term newborns. We conducted a population-based, case-control study in Washington State using 1994 to 2002 linked data from the Washington State Birth Registry and the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting ...
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