Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1377
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Simard Julia F - - 2008
Some evidence suggests that perinatal factors, including birth weight and breastfeeding, may influence the occurrence of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. However, few studies have investigated these factors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Therefore, we evaluated the role of birth weight, being breastfed, and preterm birth on the incidence of ...
Schlapbach Luregn Jan - - 2009
Respiratory infections cause considerable morbidity during infancy. The impact of innate immunity mechanisms, such as mannose-binding lectin (MBL), on respiratory symptoms remains unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate whether cord blood MBL levels are associated with respiratory symptoms during infancy and to determine the relative contribution of ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the impact of the Healthy Start intervention program on feto-infant morbidity within a community setting. METHODS: Prospective data from 2002 to 2007 within the ongoing Federally funded Healthy Start intervention project in Central Hillsborough County were merged with corresponding birth outcomes data from the Florida Department of ...
Jahan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that poverty is associated with infant mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries and to measure the strength of the association. METHODS: A bibliographic search was conducted. The studies including data regarding deaths during the first year of life, socioeconomic status of the household and/or maternal literacy ...
Bitsko Rebecca H - - 2008
BACKGROUND:: Weight loss products are frequently used by reproductive-aged women and these products may be taken (inadvertently or intentionally) during pregnancy. This study assessed the association between periconceptional use of weight loss products and major structural birth defects. METHODS:: Mothers of infants with birth defects (case infants) and a random ...
Généreux M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Residential proximity to highways is a potential proxy for exposure to traffic-related pollution that has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. We evaluated whether proximity to highway interacts with individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) to influence birth outcomes. METHODS: The study population consisted of all live singleton births ...
Gueorguieva Ralitza - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between length of prenatal participation in WIC and a marker of infant morbidity. By focusing on small for gestational age, we consider one of the possible pathways through which prenatal nutrition affects fetal growth. DESIGN/METHODS: The study sample consists of 369,535 matched mother-infant pairs drawn ...
Bruckner Tim A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether postterm gestational age increases the risk of neonatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We retrieved data from 1,815,811 liveborn infants in California from 1999 to 2003. We excluded multiple births and congenital anomalies, as well as infants with a gestational age of ...
Mendes E W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of maternal massage therapy on hospital stay in very-low-birth-weight infants who were already submitted to skin-to-skin care. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized study was performed including infants of birth weight >or=750 and <or=1500 g and gestational age <or=32 weeks. The exclusion criteria were as follows: death ...
Moster Dag - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have increased the number of premature babies who survive. There are concerns, however, about the ability of these children to cope with the demands of adulthood. METHODS: We linked compulsory national registries in Norway to identify children of different gestational-age categories who were born between ...
Karkos Christos D - - 2008
The Hardman index, which has five variables, has been recommended as a predictor of outcome after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs). It has been reported that the presence of three or more variables is uniformly fatal. The aim of this study was to test the same model ...
Janjua Naveed Zafar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants of low birth weight (LBW) in Karachi, Pakistan, including environmental exposures and nutritional status of the mother during pregnancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.ParticipantsFive hundred and forty mother-infant pairs. We interviewed mothers about obstetric history, diet and exposure to Pb. We measured birth weight and blood lead level ...
Puig Carme - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the incidence rate, viral respiratory agents and determinants of lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRTIs) in infants younger than 1 year. METHODS: A total of 487 infants were recruited at birth for the Asthma Multicenter Infant Cohort Study in Barcelona (Spain). Cases of LRTIs were ascertained through an ...
Wojcicki J M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for macrosomic infant birth among Latina women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of Latina women recruited during pregnancy from prenatal clinic at San Francisco General Hospital. Information was obtained through a structured interview and review of medical records. RESULT: A total of 11% of women delivered ...
Kalter Henry D - - 2008
Obstetric complications and newborn illnesses amenable to basic medical interventions underlie most perinatal deaths. Yet, despite good access to maternal and newborn care in many transitional countries, perinatal mortality is often not monitored in these settings. The present study identified risk factors for perinatal death and the level and causes ...
van Eijsden Manon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal folate depletion has been proposed as a primary explanation for the excess risk of fetal growth restriction associated with short interpregnancy intervals. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the folate depletion hypothesis in a community-based cohort of pregnant women. DESIGN: Using a subsample of the cohort (multiparous participants who ...
Butt Tayyaba Khawar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine underlying risk factors in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Neonatology Unit at the Children's Hospital and the Institute of Childhealth, Lahore, from March to July 2005. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All neonates (153) with the diagnosis of Hypoxic Ischemic ...
Klinger Gil - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for pneumothorax in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit in a pediatric tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Very low birth weight infants. INTERVENTIONS: All very low birth weight infants with pneumothorax born during the period January 1997 through ...
Owolabi A T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to compare the sociodemographical characteristics, obstetrical complications and foetal outcome in delivered booked mothers and delivered unbooked mothers and to determine the correlation of maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective study over a 22-month period, outcomes of pregnancies of women booked for antenatal care ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between delivery mode and grade 3-4 intraventricular hemorrhage in singleton, vertex presenting, very low birth weight (VLBW) (1,500 g or less) liveborn infants. METHODS: The Israel National VLBW Infant Database includes perinatal and neonatal data on greater than 99% of all VLBW newborns. A total ...
Rhee Victor - - 2008
More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality. To evaluate the relationship between birth attendant and maternal hand-washing practices and neonatal mortality in rural Nepal. Observational ...
Palta M - - 2008
To investigate associations between early low neutrophil count from routine blood samples, white blood count (WBC), pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes for very low birth weight infants (VLBW <or=1500 g) with gestational age <32 weeks. Information was abstracted on all infants admitted to level III neonatal intensive care units in ...
Aiello Allison E - - 2008
To quantify the effect of hand-hygiene interventions on rates of gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses and to identify interventions that provide the greatest efficacy, we searched 4 electronic databases for hand-hygiene trials published from January 1960 through May 2007 and conducted meta-analyses to generate pooled rate ratios across interventions (N=30 studies). ...
Yee Wendy H - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine if triplet infants with birthweight < or = 1250 g were at increased risk of long-term disability compared with similar birthweight and gestational age singletons and twins. This was a retrospective cohort study of < or = 1250-g infants admitted to a ...
Arad Ilan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of premature deliveries occur in hospitals lacking neonatal intensive care facilities. We previously demonstrated a comparable outcome of very low birth weight infants delivered in a level II nursery to that of inborn infants delivered in our tertiary care center, but a similar comparison of extremely ...
Ozmert Elif N - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has been shown to have many untoward healh effects, however no study directly evaluated the effect of ETS on diarrheal diseases. In this case control study we aimed to define the risk factors including ETS for diarrheal diseases in 6-18 months old infants who live in ...
Kwok M K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is a modifiable cause of ill health. Despite the smoking ban in public places introduced in Hong Kong in 2007, infants and children continue to be exposed within the home. AIMS: To determine the critical windows of SHS exposure and the duration of its impact ...
Almeida Maria Fernanda Branco de - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal factors associated with early neonatal death in preterm infants with birth weights (BW) of 400-1,500 g. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study of all infants with BW of 400-1,500 g and 23-33 weeks of gestational age (GA), without malformations, who were born alive at eight public ...
Lahra M M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of maternal and fetal intrauterine inflammatory responses (chorioamnionitis and umbilical vasculitis) on the development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The study included all infants <30 weeks' gestation born at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia, and ...
Mallen Christian David - - 2008
The rise in the prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders over the past two decades has been well documented, yet this increase has still to be fully explained. One possible hypothesis is that the rise in atopic disease is related to recent changes in obstetric practice. Using a population ...
Meehan William P WP - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Young infants with fever routinely undergo laboratory evaluation, and many are treated with empirical antibiotics even when the infant seems well. The requirement of a lumbar puncture (LP) as part of a routine evaluation is debated; however, administration of antibiotics without an LP can cause concerns for partially treated ...
Khodapanahandeh Fariba - - 2008
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants; 80-90% of cases occur between birth and the third day of life. In a retrospective case control clinical study, files of all premature infants with birth weights <1500 grams admitted between April ...
Auger N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The unresolved "epidemiological paradox" concerns the association between low socioeconomic status and unexpectedly favourable birth outcomes in foreign born mothers. The "healthy migrant" effect concerns the association between foreign born status per se and birth outcomes. The epidemiological paradox and healthy migrant effect were analysed for newborns in a ...
Rudnicka Alicja R AR Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2008
It has been suggested that early life factors, including breastfeeding and birth weight, program childhood myopia. We examined the relation of reduced unaided vision (indicative of myopia) in childhood and adolescence with infant feeding, parental education, maternal age at birth, birth weight, sex, birth order, and socioeconomic status. Three British ...
Williams Emma K - - 2008
Short birth intervals have been associated with adverse birth outcomes. This study examines the association between preceding interval and risk of stillbirth or neonatal death in rural north India (n = 80 164). Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of stillbirth and neonatal mortality were calculated. The ...
Tham Edythe B C - - 2008
Double-inlet left ventricle (DILV) includes a diverse range of anatomic variables that affect the surgical strategy. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of anatomic subtype, associated anomalies, and fetal diagnosis on the management and outcomes of fetuses and infants with DILV. The outcomes of fetuses and ...
Berkule Samantha B - - 2008
To determine whether mothers with plans related to shared reading and baby books in the home at the time of delivery of their newborns would be more likely to engage in shared reading behaviors at age 6 months. This was a cohort study with enrollment after birth and follow-up at ...
Blabey Margaret H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Compared to non-Natives in Alaska, the Alaska Native population has a postneonatal mortality rate 2.3 times higher (95% CI 1.9, 2.7). The objective of the study was to identify variables that account for this elevated risk. METHODS: The dataset used included birth and death certificate records for all Alaska-resident ...
Yee Wendy - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship among gestational age at elective cesarean delivery, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, and whether the presence of pre-cesarean delivery labor or ruptured membranes affected the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress. METHODS: A chart review was performed of all elective caesarean deliveries (documented planned in ...
Tielsch James M - - 2008
Maternal night blindness is common during pregnancy in many developing countries. Previous studies have demonstrated important consequences of maternal night blindness during pregnancy on the health of the mother and newborn infant. We compared birthweight, 6-mo infant mortality, morbidity, and growth among infants of women who did and did not ...
Mei Shuang - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate whether there is a significant relationship between hemodynamic models and pre-eclampsia outcomes. METHOD: A controlled experimental study was performed. We analyzed 2910 hemodynamic series systematically sampled from 970 pregnant women three times every 2 weeks from the definite diagnosis of pre-eclampsia until delivery. Women were divided into ...
Matovu A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors influencing adherence to exclusive breast feeding (EBF) among HIV positive mothers in Kabarole district, Uganda. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Kabarore district, western Uganda. SUBJECTS: HIV infected women attending for psychosocial support that adhered or did not adhere to EBF. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We compared personal ...
Hayes Edward J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids was associated with decreased rate of death in neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study performed at three tertiary centers of neonates born at 23 weeks of gestation between 1998 and 2007. Stillbirths, voluntary terminations, ...
de Felice C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: An acute thymic involution in human fetuses and newborns has been described in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants with histological chorioamnionitis. However, the mechanisms of thymic involution remain to be clarified. Here, we tested the hypothesis that an activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis occurs in VLBW infants with acute thymic ...
Andersen Helle R - - 2008
The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether occupational pesticide exposure during pregnancy causes adverse effects on the reproductive development in the male infants. Pregnant women employed in greenhouses in Denmark were consecutively recruited, and 113 mother-son pairs were included. The mothers were categorized as occupationally exposed (91 ...
Swamy Geeta K - - 2008
CONTEXT: Preterm birth is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Less is known about long-term health among persons born preterm. OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term effects of preterm birth on survival, reproduction, and next-generation preterm birth. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Population-based, observational, longitudinal study using registry data from ...
Kuzniewicz Michael W - - 2008
To estimate the effect of phototherapy and other predictors on the risk of total serum bilirubin (TSB) >or= 25 mg/dL in infants with a TSB of 17 to 22.9 mg/dL at age >or= 48 hours. From a cohort of 285295 infants >or= 34 weeks gestation and >or= 2000 g born ...
Thomas Sanjeev V - - 2008
We prospectively evaluated the mental (MeDQ) and motor (MoDQ) developmental quotients of 395 (67.5% of the eligible) infants of mothers with epilepsy (IME) (mean age: 15 months) enrolled in the Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy between 1998 and 2004. The same developmental pediatricians, blinded to antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure, ...
Edmond K M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early infant feeding practices on low birth weight- (LBW) specific neonatal mortality in rural Ghana. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 11 787-breastfed babies were born between July 2003 and June 2004 and survived to day 2. Overall, 3411 (30.3%) infants had weight recorded within ...
Mendes Thaís B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in very low birth weight infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in 23 cases and 23 control subjects with bronchopulmonary dysplasia submitted to 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring between January 2001 and October 2005. Cases and ...
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