Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1391
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Boo N Y - - 2008
This study aimed to identify the risk factors which were significantly associated with low birth weight (LBW, <2500 g) infants among the Malaysian population. This was a case-control study carried out at the Tuanku Jaafar Hospital, Seremban, Malaysia over a five-month period. Cases were all infants born with birth weight ...
Quigley M A - - 2009
Most infants in the UK start solids before the recommended age of 6 months. We assessed the independent effects of solids and breast feeding on the risk of hospitalisation for infection in term, singleton infants in the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 15,980). For both diarrhoea and lower respiratory tract ...
Amiruddin Ridwan R Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia. - - 2008
Inadequate antenatal care and nutrition, gene variation (CYP2A6), and poor placental growth are associated with low birthweight (LBW). The objective for this study was to analyze risk factors for LBW, including antenatal care, gene variation CYP2A6 and placental weight. A case control of infants with a birthweight less than 2500 ...
Glass Hannah C HC Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143-0137, - - 2008
The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence, demographic risk factors, and malformations associated with agenesis and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum diagnosed in infancy. Using a large population-based registry of birth defects, we ascertained 630 cases of agenesis (ACC) and hypoplasia (HCC) of the corpus callosum diagnosed ...
Alm B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema in infants has increased in western societies. Environmental factors and the introduction of food may affect the risk of eczema. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of eczema among infants in western Sweden, describe patterns of food introduction and assess risk factors for eczema at 1 year of ...
Held-Egli Katrin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence, duration and risk factors for benign neonatal sleep myoclonus (BNSM) in infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) treated with opioids or sedatives, compared with control infants. METHODS: This is a single centre observational case control study. Seventy-eight near term ...
Brettell Rachel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine possible reasons why a male fetus constitutes a risk factor for preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of deliveries from hospital database in a UK teaching hospital. The population comprised all deliveries >23 weeks over an 11-year period, excluding multiples, terminations and pregnancies with major abnormalities including ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2008
Evidence points to an association between a mother's place of residence and her newborn's health, independent of individual characteristics. Neighbourhood constructs such as immigrant density, deprivation and crime have all been separately associated with birth outcomes. Little research has considered the joint influence of variables representing a spectrum of neighbourhood ...
McManus Beth M - - 2008
Dolichocephaly, narrow width and long anterior-posterior cranial distance, is more commonly seen in preterm than in term infants. It seems to persist after NJCU discharge and may be a marker for adverse neurodevelopment. This article reports a case of cranial molding in one extremely low birth weight infant. He was ...
Sharma Vandana - - 2008
To investigate the relationship between adolescent pregnancy and neonatal mortality in a nutritionally deprived population in rural Nepal, and to determine mechanisms through which low maternal age may affect neonatal mortality. Nested cohort study using data from a population-based, cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled trial of newborn skin and umbilical cord cleansing with ...
Johnson Kimberly J - - 2008
Neuroblastoma (NB), a tumor of the sympathetic nervous system, is the most common infant malignancy. The etiology of NB is largely unknown. We explored the association between birth record variables and subsequent NB development in a population-based case-cohort study in Minnesota by linking the birth and cancer registries. NB cases ...
Wickens Kristin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The role of probiotics in prevention of allergic disease is still not clearly established, although early reports suggested Lactobacillus GG halved the risk of eczema at 2 years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether probiotic supplementation in early life could prevent development of eczema and atopy at 2 years. METHODS: Double-blind, ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recurrent otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of acquired hearing loss in childhood. Histological chorioamnionitis (HCA) is an important cause of preterm delivery and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Here, we tested the hypothesis of an association between recurrent OME during the first 3 years of life ...
Olusanya B O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the role of non-hospital delivery and other risk factors for permanent congenital and early-onset hearing loss (PCEHL) in a developing country. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: Four primary healthcare centres in inner-city Lagos, Nigeria. POPULATION: Fifty-six infants with PCEHL and 280 ...
Simard Julia F - - 2008
Some evidence suggests that perinatal factors, including birth weight and breastfeeding, may influence the occurrence of autoimmune rheumatic diseases. However, few studies have investigated these factors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Therefore, we evaluated the role of birth weight, being breastfed, and preterm birth on the incidence of ...
Schlapbach Luregn Jan - - 2009
Respiratory infections cause considerable morbidity during infancy. The impact of innate immunity mechanisms, such as mannose-binding lectin (MBL), on respiratory symptoms remains unclear. The aims of this study were to investigate whether cord blood MBL levels are associated with respiratory symptoms during infancy and to determine the relative contribution of ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the impact of the Healthy Start intervention program on feto-infant morbidity within a community setting. METHODS: Prospective data from 2002 to 2007 within the ongoing Federally funded Healthy Start intervention project in Central Hillsborough County were merged with corresponding birth outcomes data from the Florida Department of ...
Jahan S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that poverty is associated with infant mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries and to measure the strength of the association. METHODS: A bibliographic search was conducted. The studies including data regarding deaths during the first year of life, socioeconomic status of the household and/or maternal literacy ...
Bitsko Rebecca H - - 2008
BACKGROUND:: Weight loss products are frequently used by reproductive-aged women and these products may be taken (inadvertently or intentionally) during pregnancy. This study assessed the association between periconceptional use of weight loss products and major structural birth defects. METHODS:: Mothers of infants with birth defects (case infants) and a random ...
Généreux M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Residential proximity to highways is a potential proxy for exposure to traffic-related pollution that has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. We evaluated whether proximity to highway interacts with individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) to influence birth outcomes. METHODS: The study population consisted of all live singleton births ...
Gueorguieva Ralitza - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between length of prenatal participation in WIC and a marker of infant morbidity. By focusing on small for gestational age, we consider one of the possible pathways through which prenatal nutrition affects fetal growth. DESIGN/METHODS: The study sample consists of 369,535 matched mother-infant pairs drawn ...
Bruckner Tim A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether postterm gestational age increases the risk of neonatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: We retrieved data from 1,815,811 liveborn infants in California from 1999 to 2003. We excluded multiple births and congenital anomalies, as well as infants with a gestational age of ...
Mendes E W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of maternal massage therapy on hospital stay in very-low-birth-weight infants who were already submitted to skin-to-skin care. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized study was performed including infants of birth weight >or=750 and <or=1500 g and gestational age <or=32 weeks. The exclusion criteria were as follows: death ...
Moster Dag - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have increased the number of premature babies who survive. There are concerns, however, about the ability of these children to cope with the demands of adulthood. METHODS: We linked compulsory national registries in Norway to identify children of different gestational-age categories who were born between ...
Karkos Christos D - - 2008
The Hardman index, which has five variables, has been recommended as a predictor of outcome after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs). It has been reported that the presence of three or more variables is uniformly fatal. The aim of this study was to test the same model ...
Janjua Naveed Zafar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants of low birth weight (LBW) in Karachi, Pakistan, including environmental exposures and nutritional status of the mother during pregnancy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.ParticipantsFive hundred and forty mother-infant pairs. We interviewed mothers about obstetric history, diet and exposure to Pb. We measured birth weight and blood lead level ...
Puig Carme - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the incidence rate, viral respiratory agents and determinants of lower respiratory tract illnesses (LRTIs) in infants younger than 1 year. METHODS: A total of 487 infants were recruited at birth for the Asthma Multicenter Infant Cohort Study in Barcelona (Spain). Cases of LRTIs were ascertained through an ...
Wojcicki J M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for macrosomic infant birth among Latina women. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of Latina women recruited during pregnancy from prenatal clinic at San Francisco General Hospital. Information was obtained through a structured interview and review of medical records. RESULT: A total of 11% of women delivered ...
Kalter Henry D - - 2008
Obstetric complications and newborn illnesses amenable to basic medical interventions underlie most perinatal deaths. Yet, despite good access to maternal and newborn care in many transitional countries, perinatal mortality is often not monitored in these settings. The present study identified risk factors for perinatal death and the level and causes ...
van Eijsden Manon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal folate depletion has been proposed as a primary explanation for the excess risk of fetal growth restriction associated with short interpregnancy intervals. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the folate depletion hypothesis in a community-based cohort of pregnant women. DESIGN: Using a subsample of the cohort (multiparous participants who ...
Butt Tayyaba Khawar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine underlying risk factors in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Neonatology Unit at the Children's Hospital and the Institute of Childhealth, Lahore, from March to July 2005. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All neonates (153) with the diagnosis of Hypoxic Ischemic ...
Klinger Gil - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for pneumothorax in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit in a pediatric tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Very low birth weight infants. INTERVENTIONS: All very low birth weight infants with pneumothorax born during the period January 1997 through ...
Owolabi A T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to compare the sociodemographical characteristics, obstetrical complications and foetal outcome in delivered booked mothers and delivered unbooked mothers and to determine the correlation of maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective study over a 22-month period, outcomes of pregnancies of women booked for antenatal care ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between delivery mode and grade 3-4 intraventricular hemorrhage in singleton, vertex presenting, very low birth weight (VLBW) (1,500 g or less) liveborn infants. METHODS: The Israel National VLBW Infant Database includes perinatal and neonatal data on greater than 99% of all VLBW newborns. A total ...
Rhee Victor - - 2008
More than 95% of neonatal deaths occur in developing countries, approximately 50% at home. Few data are available on the impact of hand-washing practices by birth attendants or caretakers on neonatal mortality. To evaluate the relationship between birth attendant and maternal hand-washing practices and neonatal mortality in rural Nepal. Observational ...
Palta M - - 2008
To investigate associations between early low neutrophil count from routine blood samples, white blood count (WBC), pregnancy complications and neonatal outcomes for very low birth weight infants (VLBW <or=1500 g) with gestational age <32 weeks. Information was abstracted on all infants admitted to level III neonatal intensive care units in ...
Aiello Allison E - - 2008
To quantify the effect of hand-hygiene interventions on rates of gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses and to identify interventions that provide the greatest efficacy, we searched 4 electronic databases for hand-hygiene trials published from January 1960 through May 2007 and conducted meta-analyses to generate pooled rate ratios across interventions (N=30 studies). ...
Yee Wendy H - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine if triplet infants with birthweight < or = 1250 g were at increased risk of long-term disability compared with similar birthweight and gestational age singletons and twins. This was a retrospective cohort study of < or = 1250-g infants admitted to a ...
Arad Ilan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of premature deliveries occur in hospitals lacking neonatal intensive care facilities. We previously demonstrated a comparable outcome of very low birth weight infants delivered in a level II nursery to that of inborn infants delivered in our tertiary care center, but a similar comparison of extremely ...
Ozmert Elif N - - 2008
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) has been shown to have many untoward healh effects, however no study directly evaluated the effect of ETS on diarrheal diseases. In this case control study we aimed to define the risk factors including ETS for diarrheal diseases in 6-18 months old infants who live in ...
Kwok M K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure is a modifiable cause of ill health. Despite the smoking ban in public places introduced in Hong Kong in 2007, infants and children continue to be exposed within the home. AIMS: To determine the critical windows of SHS exposure and the duration of its impact ...
Almeida Maria Fernanda Branco de - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal factors associated with early neonatal death in preterm infants with birth weights (BW) of 400-1,500 g. METHODS: A multicenter prospective cohort study of all infants with BW of 400-1,500 g and 23-33 weeks of gestational age (GA), without malformations, who were born alive at eight public ...
Lahra M M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of maternal and fetal intrauterine inflammatory responses (chorioamnionitis and umbilical vasculitis) on the development of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants. DESIGN, SETTING AND SUBJECTS: The study included all infants <30 weeks' gestation born at the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia, and ...
Mallen Christian David - - 2008
The rise in the prevalence of asthma and other allergic disorders over the past two decades has been well documented, yet this increase has still to be fully explained. One possible hypothesis is that the rise in atopic disease is related to recent changes in obstetric practice. Using a population ...
Meehan William P WP - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Young infants with fever routinely undergo laboratory evaluation, and many are treated with empirical antibiotics even when the infant seems well. The requirement of a lumbar puncture (LP) as part of a routine evaluation is debated; however, administration of antibiotics without an LP can cause concerns for partially treated ...
Khodapanahandeh Fariba - - 2008
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants; 80-90% of cases occur between birth and the third day of life. In a retrospective case control clinical study, files of all premature infants with birth weights <1500 grams admitted between April ...
Auger N - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The unresolved "epidemiological paradox" concerns the association between low socioeconomic status and unexpectedly favourable birth outcomes in foreign born mothers. The "healthy migrant" effect concerns the association between foreign born status per se and birth outcomes. The epidemiological paradox and healthy migrant effect were analysed for newborns in a ...
Rudnicka Alicja R AR Division of Community Health Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2008
It has been suggested that early life factors, including breastfeeding and birth weight, program childhood myopia. We examined the relation of reduced unaided vision (indicative of myopia) in childhood and adolescence with infant feeding, parental education, maternal age at birth, birth weight, sex, birth order, and socioeconomic status. Three British ...
Williams Emma K - - 2008
Short birth intervals have been associated with adverse birth outcomes. This study examines the association between preceding interval and risk of stillbirth or neonatal death in rural north India (n = 80 164). Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of stillbirth and neonatal mortality were calculated. The ...
Tham Edythe B C - - 2008
Double-inlet left ventricle (DILV) includes a diverse range of anatomic variables that affect the surgical strategy. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of anatomic subtype, associated anomalies, and fetal diagnosis on the management and outcomes of fetuses and infants with DILV. The outcomes of fetuses and ...
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