Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1411
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Sigaut Stephanie - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheter placement is technically difficult in pediatric population especially in the younger patients. Ultrasound prelocation and/or guidance (UPG) of internal jugular vein (IJV) access has been shown to decrease failure rate and complications related to this invasive procedure. The goal of the present study was to perform ...
Buchmayer Susanne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an association between preterm birth and risk of autistic disorders could be explained by pregnancy complications or neonatal morbidity. METHODS: This Swedish, population-based, case-control study included 1216 case subjects with autistic disorders who were born between 1987 and 2002 and 6080 control subjects who were matched ...
Donohue Pamela K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prenatal management and outcome of infants born at the border of viability during 2 periods, 2001 to 2003 (late epoch) and 1993 to 1995 (early epoch). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Single academic, high-risk perinatal referral center. PARTICIPANTS: All 160 women admitted to labor and delivery with a ...
Reardon Jacqueline M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infections are a common source of serious bacterial infections in febrile infants younger than 2 years. Our objective was to compare urinalysis with urine culture in the emergency department evaluation of febrile infants. METHODS: A febrile infant registry was instituted at a tertiary care hospital treating an ...
Le Ray Camille - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of the duration of active second-stage labor on maternal and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Pushing Early Or Pushing Late with Epidural trial that included 1862 nulliparous women with epidural analgesia who were in the second ...
Mah Douglas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants awaiting heart transplantation (HT) face the highest wait-list mortality among all children and adults listed for HT in the USA. We sought to determine the risk of death for infants <12 months old while awaiting HT in the current era, and to identify the principle risk factors associated ...
Francis Jacinta P - - 2009
Immunization of pregnant women can be an efficient strategy to induce early protection in infants in developing countries. Pneumococcal protein-based vaccines may have the capacity to induce pneumococcal serotype-independent protection. To understand the potential of maternal pneumococcal protein-specific antibodies in infants in high-risk areas, we studied the placental transfer of ...
Aponte John J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is a promising strategy for malaria control in infants. We undertook a pooled analysis of the safety and efficacy of IPT in infants (IPTi) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in Africa. METHODS: We pooled data from six double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trials (undertaken one each in Tanzania, Mozambique, and ...
Chen Yi-Hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Using a 3-year nationwide population-based database, this study examines the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes [lower birthweight, preterm gestation and babies small for gestational age (SGA)] in pregnant women with uterine leiomyoma. METHODS: This study linked two data sets: Taiwan's birth certificate registry and its National Health Insurance Research ...
Hatfield Tamera - - 2010
We evaluated serial sonography for the antenatal detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants in pregnancies with elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels on midtrimester triple-marker screen. A retrospective cohort study was performed at Saddleback Memorial Medical Center where serial ultrasounds from 26 weeks to delivery are generally recommended for patients with ...
Kumar Rajesh R Division of Allergy and Immunology, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Ill 60614, USA. - - 2009
The relationship between the prenatal environment, maternal-fetal interaction, and allergic disease in the offspring remains understudied. We sought to determine whether gestational diabetes (GDM) modifies the risk of early childhood atopic manifestations, including atopic dermatitis and allergen sensitization. This study includes 680 children from the Boston Birth Cohort. Mother-child dyads ...
de Vienne Claire M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether young maternal age is associated with increased risks of adverse obstetric, fetal and perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Register-based study using the data from a computerized database of a University Hospital for the years 1994-2001. The study population included 8514 primiparous women aged less than 31 who ...
Been Jasper V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to study the effects of histologic chorioamnionitis (HC) with or without fetal involvement and antenatal steroid (AS) exposure on neonatal outcome in a prospective cohort of preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: The clinical characteristics and placental histology were prospectively collected in 301 infants born ...
Nechuta Sarah - - 2009
We assessed attitudes of a multi-ethnic sample of pregnant women in regard to participation in five data collection procedures planned for use in the National Children's Study. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine prenatal clinics in Kent County, Michigan between April and October 2006. Women were approached in clinic ...
Aryeetey Richmond N O - - 2009
This study determined the effect of subclinical mastitis (SCM) on infant breastmilk intake. Participants (60 Ghanaian lactating mothers and their infants) were from periurban communities in the Manya Krobo district of Ghana in 2006-2007. Bilateral breastmilk samples were obtained once between months 3 and 6 postpartum and tested for SCM ...
Becker-Dreps Sylvia I SI Department of Family Medicine and Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7595, USA. - - 2009
We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of distributing insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) for malaria prevention at antenatal clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. A decision tree model was used to estimate costs, outcomes, and incremental cost-effectiveness for 17,893 pregnant women attending 28 antenatal clinics who received long-lasting ITNs free of ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2009
In a 2002-2004 prospective cohort study of deliveries of infants at <28 weeks at 14 US centers, the authors sought the antecedents of white matter damage evident in newborn cranial ultrasound scans (ventriculomegaly and an echolucent lesion) and of cerebral palsy diagnoses at age 2 years. Of the 1,455 infants ...
Shi Ling - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate complementary feeding is one of the major causes of malnutrition in young children in developing countries. We developed an educational intervention, delivered by local health-care providers, aimed at improving complementary feeding practices and child nutrition. DESIGN: Eight townships in Laishui, a rural area in China, were randomly assigned ...
Ramón Rosa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth size has been shown to be related to maternal fish intake, although the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the association of consumption of different types of fish and prenatal mercury exposure with birth weight, birth length, and classification as small for gestational age (SGA) ...
L'Ab?e Carianne - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Detecting young children with high amount of body fat is important to intervene in the development of obesity. The aim of this study is to gain inside in the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis in healthy infants. METHODS: Repeated measurements of whole body reactance and resistance were assessed, ...
Myers S L - - 2010
Bayingnormen is a region located in western Inner Mongolia China, with a population that is exposed to a wide range of drinking water arsenic concentrations. The relationship between maternal drinking water arsenic exposure and perinatal endpoints (term birth weight, preterm birth, stillbirth and neonatal death) in this region was evaluated ...
Konishi Kanae - - 2009
Several human studies have shown that low-level exposure to environmental contaminants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides, negatively influences birth outcomes. However, the effects of low-level exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like PCBs (DL-PCBs) on birth outcomes have not been clarified in human studies. ...
Bilavsky Efraim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential predictive power of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a marker of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in hospitalized febrile infants aged < or =3 months. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on blood CRP levels were collected prospectively on admission for all infants aged < or =3 months who ...
Chan Wai-Tao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anterior displacement of the anus has been reported to be a cause of chronic constipation amongst young children. However, the normal position of the anus has not been studied in Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Normal anal positioning was studied in 200 neonates (100 males and 100 females). All of ...
Pinborg Anja - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine infant outcome of singletons born after cryopreservation of embryos (Cryo). DESIGN: National population-based controlled follow-up study. SETTING: Denmark, 1995-2007. PATIENT(S): The study population was 957 Cryo singletons (Cryo-IVF, n=660; Cryo-ICSI, n=244; Cryo-IVF/-ICSI, n=53). The first control group was all singletons born after fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2010
We compared short-term neonatal outcomes between premature infants with spontaneous preterm birth (s-PTB) and those delivered due to preeclampsia (PEC). Data were collected from women with singleton pregnancies admitted with spontaneous preterm labor (PTL) (2002 to 2005) and PEC (2005 to 2007). Patients delivering 24 to 36(6/7) weeks were analyzed. ...
van Steijn L L Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine, Section of Vascular Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2009
We assessed whether the earlier described 'thin-fat phenotype' is present in Surinam South Asian babies of the fourth to fifth generation after migration from India. In this observational study we collected data from 39 South Asian term neonates and their mothers in Paramaribo, Surinam. We compared the following data with ...
Stewart Robert C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorder (CMD) affecting women during the childbearing years is an important health problem in low and middle income countries. This study investigates CMD and associated factors amongst women with young infants in rural Malawi. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, mothers of infants due for measles vaccination were ...
Hemming Karla K Department of Public Health, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK. - - 2009
We examined how customized birth-weight standards compare to population birth-weight references at term (> or =37 weeks), nearly term (34-36 weeks), moderately preterm (32-33 weeks) and for the very preterm births (28-31 weeks), with respect to perinatal mortality. Data from the national Swedish Medical Births Register for the years 1992-2001, ...
Lee Anne C C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of birth asphyxia associated with maternal and newborn size. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Rural community in the Sarlahi district of Nepal. PARTICIPANTS: Mothers and newborns (n = 3189). OUTCOME MEASURE: Birth asphyxia, defined as an infant who failed to cry at birth, and who was ...
Kaijser Magnus - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anterior dynamic ultrasound of the infant hip has been shown to be a valuable tool for detection of developmental dysplasia of the infant hip, but to what extent the results from this method depends on the investigator is unknown. PURPOSE: To study to what extent the proportion of positive ...
McKinney Christy M - - 2009
Deformational plagiocephaly, an abnormal asymmetric flattening of infants' heads, is diagnosed in approximately 10% of infants. The prevalence of plagiocephaly has increased dramatically since 1992 when it was first recommended that infants be placed to sleep in a non-prone position to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. The ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94134-0136, USA. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal nutrition knowledge and maternal socio-demographics including participation in the Special Supplemental Women, Infants and Children's (WIC) Program. A cross-sectional study of new mothers at two San Francisco hospitals was conducted using some of the American Academy of Pediatrics' ...
Ferguson Catherine C - - 2010
The authors conducted a chart review of all febrile infants between 28 and 90 days of age who presented to the emergency department (ED) between December 1 and March 31 during 2004-2006. The objectives of the study were to describe the practice patterns of pediatric ED physicians caring for these ...
Tees Michael T - - 2010
To investigate temperament in infants whose mothers were exposed to Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath, and to determine if high hurricane exposure is associated with difficult infant temperament. A prospective cohort study of women giving birth in New Orleans and Baton Rouge, LA (n = 288) in 2006-2007 was conducted. ...
Shah P S - - 2009
Studies of the outcomes of preterm infants after the receipt of extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at birth or in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have yielded varied results. A systematic review of the outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants who received ...
Shah P S PS Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, ON, Canada. - - 2009
Studies of outcomes of preterm infants after the receipt of extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at birth have yielded varied results. To compare adverse outcome (death or severe morbidities) of preterm infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) who received chest compressions with or without administration of epinephrine at birth with those ...
Abbasi Soraya - - 2010
We sought to determine if antenatal corticosteroid treatment administered prior to 24 weeks' gestation influences neonatal morbidity and mortality in extremely low-birth-weight infants. A retrospective review was performed of all singleton pregnancies treated with one complete course of antenatal corticosteroids prior to 24 weeks' gestation and delivered between 23(0)/(7) and ...
Sakaki Haruyo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection among infants to establish effective infection control measures for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 961 infants hospitalized in a teaching hospital in Japan, from July 2002 ...
Ho J-D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between using antiglaucoma medications during pregnancy and the risk of having low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. METHODS: The study group comprised 244 pregnant women who had been prescribed topical medication to control glaucoma during pregnancy. The comparison group comprised 1952 pregnant women matched for age, year of ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2009
Reduced intake of micronutrients during pregnancy exposes women to nutritional deficiencies and may affect fetal growth. We conducted a systematic review to examine the efficacy of prenatal supplementation with multimicronutrients on pregnancy outcomes. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library for relevant articles published in English up to ...
Salas Ariel A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine reduces the risk of pneumonia in infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Hib conjugate vaccine (HibCV) on the prevention of pneumonia as a complication among infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis. METHODS: This record-based case-control study was conducted at The Children's Hospital "Dr. ...
- - 2009
Up-to-date information on infant survival after extremely preterm birth is needed for assessing perinatal care services, clinical guidelines, and parental counseling. To determine the 1-year survival in all infants born before 27 gestational weeks in Sweden during 2004-2007. Population-based prospective observational study of extremely preterm infants (707 live-born and 304 ...
Shankar Anita V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials can serve as an opportunity gateway for enhanced health benefits to the target population, above and beyond the specific intervention being tested. OBJECTIVE: The Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a randomized, controlled clinical trial in Lombok, Indonesia, found that supplementation during pregnancy with multiple micronutrients ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review rates of neurologic outcomes reported in childhood for the preterm fetus exposed to antenatal magnesium sulfate. DATA SOURCES: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2008, Issue 3), relevant references from retrieved articles, and abstracts submitted to major congresses. ...
Velaphi S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infection with resistant gram-negative bacteria is a growing threat to hospitalised patients. AIM: To determine factors associated with mortality among infants infected by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella species (Klebs-ESBL) and to assess whether selective empirical use of meropenem (MERO) is associated with high mortality. METHODS: Medical records of neonates admitted ...
Djukic Michael - - 2009
AIM: Cytokine polymorphisms may alter the fetal inflammatory response, increasing susceptibility to cerebral palsy (CP). This study investigates associations between selected inflammatory mediator and cytokine gene polymorphisms (Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) Asp299Gly, interleukin-6 G-174C and interleukin-4 C-589T) and CP from 443 CP infants and 883 control infants. Results were correlated with ...
Rao Shripada C - - 2009
Background:  Ward reduction of gastroschisis in a single stage without the need for general inhalational anaesthesia (ward reduction) has been reported by some authors to be effective and safe. We introduced this practice to our neonatal unit 2 years ago. Aim:  To compare the short-term outcomes of this new practice with ...
Wen J-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes [low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth, cesarean sections (CS) and babies born small for gestational age (SGA)] in pregnant women with myasthenia gravis (MG), using a 3-year population-based database, taking characteristics of infant and mother into consideration. METHODS: This ...
Okah Felix A - - 2010
The factors associated with recurrent small-for-gestational-age birth (R-SGA) have not been previously studied in a multiracial population. This is a retrospective cohort study of 5932 black and white women who had consecutive singleton first and second births in a Midwestern metropolis, from 1995 through 2004, to measure the risk and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >