Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1377
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Ferguson Catherine C - - 2010
The authors conducted a chart review of all febrile infants between 28 and 90 days of age who presented to the emergency department (ED) between December 1 and March 31 during 2004-2006. The objectives of the study were to describe the practice patterns of pediatric ED physicians caring for these ...
Shah P S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Studies of outcomes of preterm infants after the receipt of extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at birth have yielded varied results. OBJECTIVE: To compare adverse outcome (death or severe morbidities) of preterm infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) who received chest compressions with or without administration of epinephrine at birth ...
Tees Michael T - - 2010
To investigate temperament in infants whose mothers were exposed to Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath, and to determine if high hurricane exposure is associated with difficult infant temperament. A prospective cohort study of women giving birth in New Orleans and Baton Rouge, LA (n = 288) in 2006-2007 was conducted. ...
Shah P S - - 2009
Studies of the outcomes of preterm infants after the receipt of extensive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) at birth or in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have yielded varied results. A systematic review of the outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants who received ...
Abbasi Soraya - - 2010
We sought to determine if antenatal corticosteroid treatment administered prior to 24 weeks' gestation influences neonatal morbidity and mortality in extremely low-birth-weight infants. A retrospective review was performed of all singleton pregnancies treated with one complete course of antenatal corticosteroids prior to 24 weeks' gestation and delivered between 23(0)/(7) and ...
Sakaki Haruyo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the risk factors of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection among infants to establish effective infection control measures for neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 961 infants hospitalized in a teaching hospital in Japan, from July 2002 ...
Ho J-D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between using antiglaucoma medications during pregnancy and the risk of having low-birth-weight (LBW) infants. METHODS: The study group comprised 244 pregnant women who had been prescribed topical medication to control glaucoma during pregnancy. The comparison group comprised 1952 pregnant women matched for age, year of ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2009
Reduced intake of micronutrients during pregnancy exposes women to nutritional deficiencies and may affect fetal growth. We conducted a systematic review to examine the efficacy of prenatal supplementation with multimicronutrients on pregnancy outcomes. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library for relevant articles published in English up to ...
- - 2009
CONTEXT: Up-to-date information on infant survival after extremely preterm birth is needed for assessing perinatal care services, clinical guidelines, and parental counseling. OBJECTIVE: To determine the 1-year survival in all infants born before 27 gestational weeks in Sweden during 2004-2007. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Population-based prospective observational study of extremely ...
Salas Ariel A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine reduces the risk of pneumonia in infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Hib conjugate vaccine (HibCV) on the prevention of pneumonia as a complication among infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis. METHODS: This record-based case-control study was conducted at The Children's Hospital "Dr. ...
Shankar Anita V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials can serve as an opportunity gateway for enhanced health benefits to the target population, above and beyond the specific intervention being tested. OBJECTIVE: The Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a randomized, controlled clinical trial in Lombok, Indonesia, found that supplementation during pregnancy with multiple micronutrients ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review rates of neurologic outcomes reported in childhood for the preterm fetus exposed to antenatal magnesium sulfate. DATA SOURCES: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2008, Issue 3), relevant references from retrieved articles, and abstracts submitted to major congresses. ...
Velaphi S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infection with resistant gram-negative bacteria is a growing threat to hospitalised patients. AIM: To determine factors associated with mortality among infants infected by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella species (Klebs-ESBL) and to assess whether selective empirical use of meropenem (MERO) is associated with high mortality. METHODS: Medical records of neonates admitted ...
Djukic Michael - - 2009
AIM: Cytokine polymorphisms may alter the fetal inflammatory response, increasing susceptibility to cerebral palsy (CP). This study investigates associations between selected inflammatory mediator and cytokine gene polymorphisms (Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) Asp299Gly, interleukin-6 G-174C and interleukin-4 C-589T) and CP from 443 CP infants and 883 control infants. Results were correlated with ...
Rao Shripada C - - 2009
Background:  Ward reduction of gastroschisis in a single stage without the need for general inhalational anaesthesia (ward reduction) has been reported by some authors to be effective and safe. We introduced this practice to our neonatal unit 2 years ago. Aim:  To compare the short-term outcomes of this new practice with ...
Wen J-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes [low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth, cesarean sections (CS) and babies born small for gestational age (SGA)] in pregnant women with myasthenia gravis (MG), using a 3-year population-based database, taking characteristics of infant and mother into consideration. METHODS: This ...
Okah Felix A - - 2010
The factors associated with recurrent small-for-gestational-age birth (R-SGA) have not been previously studied in a multiracial population. This is a retrospective cohort study of 5932 black and white women who had consecutive singleton first and second births in a Midwestern metropolis, from 1995 through 2004, to measure the risk and ...
Maisels M J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate predischarge transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements combined with risk factors as predictors of the risk of a subsequent total serum bilirubin (TSB) >or=17 mg per 100 ml (291 micromol l(-1)). STUDY DESIGN: Routine TcB measurements are obtained daily for all infants in our well baby nursery. We performed ...
Kimanya Martin E - - 2009
Feeding children with maize may expose them to fumonisins (FBs). This study assessed FB exposure for infants consuming maize in Tanzania by modeling maize consumption data (kg/kg body weight (bw)/day) with previously collected total FB contamination (microg/kg) patterns for sorted and unsorted maize harvested in 2005 and 2006. Consumption was ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the association between severity of maternal pre-pregnancy underweight and feto-infant morbidity outcomes. METHODS: Missouri maternally linked cohort records from 1989 to 1997 inclusive were analysed. Using pre-pregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI), we classified study participants into: Normal (18.5-24.9) [referent group], mild thinness (17.0-18.5), moderate ...
Tiikkaja S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a major cause of ill health among children, with a social gradient in child injuries documented in many countries. The effects of maternal sociodemographic characteristics on injury mortality in Estonian infants and toddlers were investigated. METHODS: A population-based study using linkage of data from the Estonian Medical ...
Klinger Gil - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence, causative pathogens, and risk factors for early onset sepsis (EOS) among very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population based observational study. Data were prospectively collected by the Israel Neonatal Network between 1995 and 2005. Multivariable analyses identified ...
Sun Ge - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the increasing trends of hypospadias and identify some of the perinatal risk factors that might be involved in Chinese newborns. METHODS: The records from the neonatal intensive care unit were reviewed during a 10-year period. A case-control study was performed to compare the intrauterine growth status of ...
Durand R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations between preterm birth and low birth weight and maternal caries history, maternal periodontal status, and salivary levels of mutans streptococci and Lactobacilli. DESIGN: This study was a matched case-control study in women during their pregnancy or up to 8 weeks after delivery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
White Sarah L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the hypothesis that low birth weight may be a marker of impaired nephrogenesis and that this is causally related to chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. SETTING & POPULATION: Studies of the relationship between birth weight ...
Dasika Vasant K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: First, to establish the feasibility of the observer-based psychophysical procedure (OPP) in measuring sound detection in infant and toddler cochlear implant (CI) recipients. Second, to measure the psychometric function for detection (PFD) from individual subjects. Third, to determine whether reaction time (RT) provides information about the auditory sensitivity of ...
Roposch Andreas - - 2009
The role of the presence of the femoral head ossific nucleus as a risk factor for the development of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip has been investigated in several small studies, but the results have been inconsistent. The purpose of the present ...
Parker Melissa J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify predictors of the major medical intervention (MMI) in infants with bronchiolitis in the Emergency Department (ED) to recognize those in need of hospitalization versus the candidates for discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an analysis of data from a prospective cohort study of previously healthy ...
Auroy Y - - 2009
Death certificates from the French national mortality database for the calendar year 1999 were reviewed to analyse cases in which airway complications had contributed to peri-operative death. Respiratory deaths (and comas) found in a previous national 1978-82 French survey (1:7960; 95% CI 1:12,700 to 1:5400) were compared with the death ...
Baqui Abdullah H - - 2009
: Infections account for about half of neonatal deaths in low-resource settings. Limited evidence supports home-based treatment of newborn infections by community health workers (CHW). : In one study arm of a cluster randomized controlled trial, CHWs assessed neonates at home, using a 20-sign clinical algorithm and classified sick neonates ...
Baird Janis - - 2009
To determine whether preconceptional psychological distress is associated with infant sleep disturbance. Prospective cohort study. Southampton, UK. A cohort of women from the Southampton Women's Survey (SWS), who were recruited between 20-34 years of age and followed through their subsequent pregnancies and beyond; a total of 874 mother-infant pairs were ...
Kwinta Przemko - - 2009
The influence of early feeding on the risk of atopic diseases has been studied in full-term newborns, not in very low birth weight infants (VLBW). The study evaluated effect of early feeding of VLBW infants with either cow's milk-based formula (CMF) or extensively hydrolyzed milk formula (HF) on incidence of ...
Amin Harish J - - 2009
AIM: This study aimed to compare the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes at 36 months adjusted age in preterm infants (birth weight < or = 1250 gm) who received supplementation with L-arginine during the first 28 days of life with controls. METHODS: Surviving infants enrolled in a randomised control study of L-arginine ...
Yang Zhenyu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) can occur among exclusively breastfed infants before 6 mo of age. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine which subgroups of fully breastfed infants are at highest risk of ID. DESIGN: We assessed the prevalence of ID (ferritin < 12 mug/L) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA; ferritin ...
Wang Yueping A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perinatal outcomes of babies conceived by single embryo transfer (SET) with those conceived by double embryo transfer (DET). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective population-based study of embryo transfer cycles in Australia and New Zealand between 2002 and 2006, using data from the Australia and New ...
Stagni L - - 2009
By 1997, an open cohort of 1,652 live newborn of 1,637 mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis had been recruited in the Campania region to monitor the burden of congenital toxoplasmosis (CT). Of the 1,556 mother-child pairs that completed the follow up, 92 definite cases were detected, yielding a 5.9% (4.8-7.1 95% ...
Soleimani Farin - - 2009
Although it is well-known that the incidence of developmental delay in high-risk infants is higher than in low-risk ones, little is known about the risk factors among Iranian infants. The objective of this study was to determine the various pre-, peri-, and neonatal factors in developmental delay in participants and ...
Dierckx Bram - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the determinants of heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in children. The autonomic nervous system as measured by HR and HRV is considered a biological marker of psychopathology in children. METHODS: We examined the relationship of maternal psychopathology with infant HR and HRV. HR was ...
Askenazi David J - - 2009
The independent impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) on survival in very low birthweight (VLBW; < or =1,500 g) critically ill infants has not been studied. Cases (non-survivors n = 68) were matched to, at most, two controls (survivors n = 127) by incidence density sampling with replacement, birthweight (+/- ...
Soraisham Amuchou S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of clinical maternal chorioamnionitis on morbidity and mortality rates among infants who are at < 33 weeks of gestation, adjusted for patient characteristics that included admission neonatal illness severity (Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, version II; SNAP-II). STUDY DESIGN: ...
Kulkarni M L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study was to know whether the 'thinfat' phenotype exists in newborns, in Central Karnataka and to correlate various factors that contribute to this peculiar phenotype, with emphasis on genetic and maternal environmental factors. METHODS: For 1000 consecutive singleton term newborns, weight, length, head, mid arm, ...
Dryden C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate factors associated with the development of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and to assess the implications for healthcare resources of infants born to drug-misusing women. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2006. SETTING: Inner-city maternity hospital providing ...
Lennestål Roland - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between maternal use of antihypertensives in early pregnancy and delivery outcome, notably infant congenital malformations. METHODS: A cohort study of 1,418 women who had used antihypertensive drugs in early pregnancy but had no diabetes diagnosis were identified from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. RESULTS: There ...
Abou Turk C - - 2009
To determine whether very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns (<1500 g) wearing silicone earplugs grow larger and perform better on developmental exams than controls. VLBW newborns (n=34) were randomized to wearing earplugs or not. Hospital outcomes were abstracted from medical charts by research staff masked to intervention status. Fourteen extremely ...
Sung Tzu-I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the association between paternal occupational exposure during preconception and infant mortality and deaths due to congenital malformation. This retrospective cohort study was conducted to determine if such an association existed among male workers employed in an electronics factory. METHODS: We linked the databases of ...
Moore Spencer - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Studies in the USA suggest that the association between maternal birthplace, socioeconomic status (SES), and low birth weight (LBW) can vary across different immigrant groups. Less is known outside the USA about these associations. Our study assesses the association of maternal birthplace and SES on the likelihood of LBW ...
Olaciregui I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate potential markers of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in infants under 3 months of age presenting with fever of unknown origin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied all infants under 3 months of age seen in the emergency department between January 2004 and December 2006 for a febrile ...
Makrides Maria - - 2009
CONTEXT: Uncertainty exists about the benefit of dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the neurodevelopment of preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of meeting the estimated DHA requirement of preterm infants on neurodevelopment at 18 months' corrected age. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, double-blind controlled trial enrolling infants born at ...
Chisti Mohammod Jobayer - - 2009
AIM: To identify clinical and biochemical factors associated with sclerema in infants with diarrhoeal illness, and their outcome. METHODS: In this case-control study, we enrolled 30 infants with clinical sepsis with sclerema (cases) and another 60, age- and sex-matched infants with clinical sepsis but without sclerema (controls) from among those ...
Paranjothy S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and describe the aetiology of epistaxis in infants. DESIGN: Population-based study including a retrospective hospital admission database analysis and a postal questionnaire to clinicians. SETTING: Wales, United Kingdom. METHODS: Cases of epistaxis over a 6-year period (1999-2004) were identified from the Patient Episode Dataset for ...
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