Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1390
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Elhassan Elhassan M - - 2010
Reducing the incidence of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates by at least one third between 2000 and 2010 is one of the major goals of the United Nations resolution "A World Fit for Children". This was a case-control study conducted between August-October 2009 in Medani Hospital, Sudan to investigate the ...
Yi Okhee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been one of the focal points for investigations of maternal health and birth, and an association has been found between air pollution and birth outcomes. Some individual-level risk factors of mothers have been identified as strong predictors of preterm delivery (PTD). Recent literature has shown that ...
Chisti Mohammod J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical and laboratory predictors of bacteremia in infants with diarrhea and systemic inflammatory response syndrome and to analyze their outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case-control study. SETTING: The Special Care Ward of the Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. PATIENTS: All ...
Cranston Marcus M - - 2010
Iodine deficiency is a global problem representing the most common preventable cause of mental retardation. Recently, the impact of subtle deficiencies in iodine intake on children and pregnant women has been questioned. This study was designed to compare hypothyroidism among infants born to US military families in countries of varied ...
Narchi H - - 2010
We studied neonatal outcomes of infants of obese mothers in a cohort of 6,125 deliveries, using logistic multivariate analysis to remove the role of potential confounding variables. Although, as in previous reports, the crude unadjusted prevalence of several adverse neonatal outcomes was higher in these infants, the multivariable analysis revealed ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2010
In this study, the authors analyzed the association between video display terminal (VDT) use before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy and risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth in a case-control study. The cases for this study were 555 women who delivered SGA births. The controls were 1966 women who ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2010
Audit of disease and mortality patterns provides essential information for health budgeting and planning, as well as a benchmark for comparison. Neonatal mortality accounts for about 1/3 of deaths < 5 years of age and very low birth weight (VLBW) mortality for approximately 1/3 of neonatal mortality. Intervention programs must ...
Medhin Girmay - - 2010
Child undernutrition is a major public health problem in low income countries. Prospective studies of predictors of infant growth in rural low-income country settings are relatively scarce but vital to guide intervention efforts. A population-based sample of 1065 women in the third trimester of pregnancy was recruited from the demographic ...
Stevens Bonnie - - 2010
Administration of oral sucrose with and without non-nutritive sucking is frequently used as a non-pharmacological intervention for procedural pain relief in neonates. To determine the efficacy, effect of dose and safety of oral sucrose for relieving procedural pain in neonates. The standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Collaborative Review Group ...
Hunt Rod - - 2010
Ethamsylate decreases blood loss in certain clinical situations such as menorrhagia and following some surgical procedures. This potential to reduce bleeding has led to the hypothesis that it may have a role to play in reducing intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants. To determine if ethamsylate, when compared to placebo or ...
Venkatesh Mohan P - - 2010
Lactoferrin, a normal component of human colostrum, milk, tears and saliva can enhance host defence and may be effective in the prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates. To assess the safety and effectiveness of oral lactoferrin in the prevention of sepsis and NEC in preterm neonates. ...
Ozek Eren - - 2010
Hyperviscosity of blood results in increased resistance to blood flow and decreased oxygen delivery. In the neonate, hyperviscosity can cause abnormalities of central nervous system function, hypoglycemia, decreased renal function, cardiorespiratory distress, and coagulation disorders. Hyperviscosity has been reported to be associated with long-term motor and cognitive neurodevelopmental disorders. Blood ...
Wheeler Kevin - - 2010
Damage caused by lung overdistension (volutrauma) has been implicated in the development bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Modern neonatal ventilation modes can target a set tidal volume as an alternative to traditional pressure-limited ventilation using a fixed inflation pressure. Volume targeting aims to produce a more stable tidal volume in order to ...
Lassi Zohra S - - 2010
While maternal, infant and under-five child mortality rates in developing countries have declined significantly in the past two to three decades, newborn mortality rates have reduced much more slowly. While it is recognised that almost half of the newborn deaths can be prevented by scaling up evidence-based available interventions such ...
Marchant Tanya - - 2010
Neonatal mortality because of low birth weight or prematurity remains high in many developing country settings. This research aimed to estimate the sensitivity and specificity, and the positive and negative predictive values of newborn foot length to identify babies who are low birth weight or premature and in need of ...
El Khoury Antoine C - - 2010
A fever is an increase in the body's temperature above normal. This study examined how US pediatricians perceive and manage fever generally versus fever occurring after vaccination in infants up to six months of age. A web-based survey of 400 US pediatricians subscribing to the Physician Desk Reference was conducted ...
Medhin Girmay G Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. - - 2010
Although maternal common mental disorder (CMD) appears to be a risk factor for infant undernutrition in South Asian countries, the position in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is unclear A population-based cohort of 1065 women, in the third trimester of pregnancy, was identified from the demographic surveillance site (DSS) in Butajira, to ...
Ay Hüseyin H Terme State Hospital, Samsun, - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate the effects of single and double courses of antenatal corticosteroid administration on neonatal mortality and morbidity. 232 preterm babies delivered between 01. April 2007 and 31. March 2008 with gestational ages of 26-34 weeks were evaluated prospectively. Infants were divided into three groups. The first group ...
Costa Simonetta - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess if being small for gestational age impacts parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) development. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all the very low-birth weight infants exposed to parenteral nutrition for >14 days from 1996 to 2006, comparing auxological and clinical data, as well as nutritional history, during the first 4 ...
Marret Stéphane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Low-dose aspirin (LDA) given during pregnancy may alter brain development in very preterm infants. We report the short- and long-term outcomes of very preterm infants according to LDA treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were from the Etude Epidemiologique des Petites Ages Gestationnels (EPIPAGE) cohort study, which included all infants ...
Nadeem Montasser - - 2010
We investigated pCO(2) patterns and the relationship between pCO(2) levels and neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Blood gases during the first 72 hours of life were collected from 52 infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Moderate hypocapnia (pCO(2) <3.3 kPa), severe hypocapnia (pCO(2) <2.6 kPa), and hypercapnia (pCO(2) >6.6 ...
Hibbs Anna Maria - - 2010
To determine the prevalence in the neonatal literature of statistical approaches accounting for the unique clustering patterns of multiple births and to explore the sensitivity of an actual trial to several analytic approaches to multiples. A systematic review of recent perinatal trials assessed the prevalence of studies accounting for clustering ...
Mak Anselm - - 2010
The combination of heparin and aspirin was regarded as the 'standard therapy' for patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and positive aPL antibodies to enhance live births, but it largely stems from expert opinion. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess whether this combination works better ...
Bentdal Yngvild E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether preterm birth and low birth weight were associated with single and recurrent episodes of acute otitis media (AOM) the first 18 months of life. METHODS: The study population consisted of 33,192 children in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort, conducted at the Norwegian Institute of Public ...
Wolff Margaret - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants without a source aged 6-12 weeks who have received immunizations in the preceding 72 hours. METHODS: The authors conducted a medical record review of infants aged 6-12 weeks with a fever ...
Busby Christopher C - - 2009
Following contamination from the Chernobyl accident in April 1986 excess infant leukemia (0-1 y) was reported from five different countries, Scotland, Greece, Germany, Belarus and Wales and Scotland combined. The cumulative absorbed doses to the fetus, as conventionally assessed, varied from 0.02 mSv in the UK through 0.06 mSv in ...
Maitre Nathalie L NL Department of Pediatrics, Monroe Carell Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-9544, USA. - - 2009
Periventricular hemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) is a major contributing factor to poor neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. We hypothesized that surviving infants with unilateral PVHI would have more favorable outcomes than those with bilateral PVHI. This was a multicenter, retrospective study of infants who were admitted to 3 NICUs in North ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2009
We included 381 febrile infants less than 3 months with a blood culture and a rapid influenza test done as part of study of fever. The prevalence of serious bacterial infections was significantly lower in patients in the positive rapid influenza test (RIT) group (3/113; 2.65%; 95% CI: 0-5.6) than ...
Wu Yvonne W - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Chorioamnionitis is associated with increased risk for cerebral palsy (CP) in term infants. A functional polymorphism in the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene has been implicated in newborn brain injury. We studied whether the IL-6 -174 G/C polymorphism confers increased risk for CP in term infants. METHODS: This population-based case-control study ...
Stephens Bonnie E - - 2010
To determine whether Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavior Scales (NNNS) at 44 weeks predict motor outcome at 2 years in preterm infants from the Maternal Lifestyles Study (MLS). Data were collected on all preterm infants (<36 weeks) in the MLS who underwent an NNNS at 44 weeks (n = ...
Sigaut Stephanie - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Central venous catheter placement is technically difficult in pediatric population especially in the younger patients. Ultrasound prelocation and/or guidance (UPG) of internal jugular vein (IJV) access has been shown to decrease failure rate and complications related to this invasive procedure. The goal of the present study was to perform ...
Buchmayer Susanne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an association between preterm birth and risk of autistic disorders could be explained by pregnancy complications or neonatal morbidity. METHODS: This Swedish, population-based, case-control study included 1216 case subjects with autistic disorders who were born between 1987 and 2002 and 6080 control subjects who were matched ...
Donohue Pamela K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prenatal management and outcome of infants born at the border of viability during 2 periods, 2001 to 2003 (late epoch) and 1993 to 1995 (early epoch). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Single academic, high-risk perinatal referral center. PARTICIPANTS: All 160 women admitted to labor and delivery with a ...
Reardon Jacqueline M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infections are a common source of serious bacterial infections in febrile infants younger than 2 years. Our objective was to compare urinalysis with urine culture in the emergency department evaluation of febrile infants. METHODS: A febrile infant registry was instituted at a tertiary care hospital treating an ...
Le Ray Camille - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of the duration of active second-stage labor on maternal and neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Pushing Early Or Pushing Late with Epidural trial that included 1862 nulliparous women with epidural analgesia who were in the second ...
Mah Douglas - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants awaiting heart transplantation (HT) face the highest wait-list mortality among all children and adults listed for HT in the USA. We sought to determine the risk of death for infants <12 months old while awaiting HT in the current era, and to identify the principle risk factors associated ...
Francis Jacinta P - - 2009
Immunization of pregnant women can be an efficient strategy to induce early protection in infants in developing countries. Pneumococcal protein-based vaccines may have the capacity to induce pneumococcal serotype-independent protection. To understand the potential of maternal pneumococcal protein-specific antibodies in infants in high-risk areas, we studied the placental transfer of ...
Aponte John J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) is a promising strategy for malaria control in infants. We undertook a pooled analysis of the safety and efficacy of IPT in infants (IPTi) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in Africa. METHODS: We pooled data from six double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trials (undertaken one each in Tanzania, Mozambique, and ...
Chen Yi-Hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Using a 3-year nationwide population-based database, this study examines the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes [lower birthweight, preterm gestation and babies small for gestational age (SGA)] in pregnant women with uterine leiomyoma. METHODS: This study linked two data sets: Taiwan's birth certificate registry and its National Health Insurance Research ...
Hatfield Tamera - - 2010
We evaluated serial sonography for the antenatal detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants in pregnancies with elevated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels on midtrimester triple-marker screen. A retrospective cohort study was performed at Saddleback Memorial Medical Center where serial ultrasounds from 26 weeks to delivery are generally recommended for patients with ...
Kumar Rajesh - - 2009
The relationship between the prenatal environment, maternal-fetal interaction, and allergic disease in the offspring remains understudied. We sought to determine whether gestational diabetes (GDM) modifies the risk of early childhood atopic manifestations, including atopic dermatitis and allergen sensitization. This study includes 680 children from the Boston Birth Cohort. Mother-child dyads ...
de Vienne Claire M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether young maternal age is associated with increased risks of adverse obstetric, fetal and perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Register-based study using the data from a computerized database of a University Hospital for the years 1994-2001. The study population included 8514 primiparous women aged less than 31 who ...
Been Jasper V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to study the effects of histologic chorioamnionitis (HC) with or without fetal involvement and antenatal steroid (AS) exposure on neonatal outcome in a prospective cohort of preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: The clinical characteristics and placental histology were prospectively collected in 301 infants born ...
Becker-Dreps Sylvia I - - 2009
We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of distributing insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) for malaria prevention at antenatal clinics in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. A decision tree model was used to estimate costs, outcomes, and incremental cost-effectiveness for 17,893 pregnant women attending 28 antenatal clinics who received long-lasting ITNs free of ...
Nechuta Sarah - - 2009
We assessed attitudes of a multi-ethnic sample of pregnant women in regard to participation in five data collection procedures planned for use in the National Children's Study. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine prenatal clinics in Kent County, Michigan between April and October 2006. Women were approached in clinic ...
Aryeetey Richmond N O - - 2009
This study determined the effect of subclinical mastitis (SCM) on infant breastmilk intake. Participants (60 Ghanaian lactating mothers and their infants) were from periurban communities in the Manya Krobo district of Ghana in 2006-2007. Bilateral breastmilk samples were obtained once between months 3 and 6 postpartum and tested for SCM ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2009
In a 2002-2004 prospective cohort study of deliveries of infants at <28 weeks at 14 US centers, the authors sought the antecedents of white matter damage evident in newborn cranial ultrasound scans (ventriculomegaly and an echolucent lesion) and of cerebral palsy diagnoses at age 2 years. Of the 1,455 infants ...
Shi Ling - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate complementary feeding is one of the major causes of malnutrition in young children in developing countries. We developed an educational intervention, delivered by local health-care providers, aimed at improving complementary feeding practices and child nutrition. DESIGN: Eight townships in Laishui, a rural area in China, were randomly assigned ...
Ramón Rosa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Birth size has been shown to be related to maternal fish intake, although the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess the association of consumption of different types of fish and prenatal mercury exposure with birth weight, birth length, and classification as small for gestational age (SGA) ...
L'Ab?e Carianne - - 2010
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Detecting young children with high amount of body fat is important to intervene in the development of obesity. The aim of this study is to gain inside in the bioelectrical impedance vector analysis in healthy infants. METHODS: Repeated measurements of whole body reactance and resistance were assessed, ...
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