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Nasr Ahmed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants with esophageal atresia (EA), omphalocele, and anorectal malformation (ARM) often have associated congenital heart disease. Recognition of significant cardiac defects, which compromise patient well-being in the perioperative period, is essential before going to the operating room. However, urgent echocardiography may be unavailable, and surgery may therefore be delayed ...
Gaskins Ronnesia B - - 2010
We sought to determine the association between small for gestational age (SGA), birth weight, and childhood obesity within preterm polysubstance exposed children. We sampled 312 preterm children with 11-year body mass index (BMI; age- and sex-specific) data from the Maternal Lifestyle Study (51% girls, 21.5% SGA, 46% prenatal cocaine, and ...
Boppana Suresh B - - 2010
Reliable methods to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are needed for identification of infants at increased risk of hearing loss. Since dried blood spots (DBS) are routinely collected for metabolic screening from all newborns in the United States, there has been interest in using DBS polymerase chain reaction ...
Li Chung-Yi - - 2010
Mothers bearing small offspring are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. The cardiovascular risk for fathers of small offspring is, however, inconclusive. Very few studies with sufficiently large sample sizes have been conducted to specifically differentiate the maternal/paternal CVD risk in association with offspring birth weight in the ...
Model Dmitri - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe a novel methodology by which to measure the Hirschberg ratio (HR) in infants. The methodology does not require fixation on specific points, and measurements are made while infants look naturally at a display. METHODS: The HR is calculated automatically from measurements of the direction of the optical ...
Prakalapakorn Sasapin G - - 2010
To identify risk factors for infantile cataracts of unknown etiology. Case-control study. Case infants (n = 152) and control infants (n = 4205) enrolled in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study for birth years 2000-2004. Multivariate analysis was performed exploring associations for risk factors for bilateral and unilateral infantile cataracts ...
Yigzaw Muluneh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies worldwide showed that too short birth interval is correlated with child mortality. Identifying the optimal interval between births at which risk of child mortality is the lowest may benefit developing countries to prioritize family planning services and achieve the millennium development goal (MDG 4). OBJECTIVE: To assess ...
Von Kohorn Isabelle - - 2010
To determine the relationship between the advice mothers receive about infant sleep position and the actual position they place their infants in to sleep and to understand modifiers of that relationship, especially beliefs about infant comfort and safety. Cross-sectional, face-to-face interviews. Women, Infants, and Children centers in the United States ...
Mills J A - - 2010
To identify perinatal risk variables predictive of outcome in gastroschisis. Gastroschisis cases were collected over a 3-year period from a national database. Risk variables evaluated included gestational age (GA), birth weight, time of birth, admission illness severity (score for neonatal acute physiology-II, SNAP-II) score, and abdominal closure type. Mortality and ...
Mwansa-Kambafwile Judith - - 2010
In high-income countries, administration of antenatal steroids is standard care for women with anticipated preterm labour. However, although >1 million deaths due to preterm birth occur annually, antenatal steroids are not routine practice in low-income countries where most of these deaths occur. To review the evidence for and estimate the ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2010
'Kangaroo mother care' (KMC) includes thermal care through continuous skin-to-skin contact, support for exclusive breastfeeding or other appropriate feeding, and early recognition/response to illness. Whilst increasingly accepted in both high- and low-income countries, a Cochrane review (2003) did not find evidence of KMC's mortality benefit, and did not report neonatal-specific ...
Urquia M L - - 2010
This study aimed to examine preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births among immigrants, by duration of residence, and to compare them with the Canadian-born population. Population-based cross-sectional study with retrospective assessment of immigration. Metropolitan areas of Ontario, Canada. A total of 83 233 singleton newborns born to immigrant mothers and 314 ...
Neta Gila I - - 2010
While elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines are clearly associated with preterm birth, the relation between cytokines and fetal growth is unclear. The authors examined associations between umbilical cord serum cytokine concentrations and risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth. This cross-sectional analysis was nested within a National Institute of Child ...
Resch B - - 2010
To evaluate the association between maternal interleukin (IL)-6 G(-174)C polymorphism and cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) of the preterm newborn. After searching a local database, we recruited 132 preterm infants with diagnosis of cPVL, 44 Caucasian mothers were also recruited to participate in this candidate gene-association study at a single teritary ...
de Waal Koert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the hemodynamic changes with time in preterm infants with clinical sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: Blood pressure, right ventricular output (RVO), left ventricular output (LVO), and superior vena cava (SVC) flow of infants who had a suspected infection and showed signs of cardiovascular compromise were measured every 12 hours ...
Klinger Gil - - 2010
Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality among infants with a very low birth weight (VLBW); however, there is a sparse amount of complete data on large cohorts. To evaluate the mortality and major morbidities among VLBW infants with EOS. This was a population-based observational study. Data ...
Soylu H - - 2010
To compare composite adverse outcome rate of infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) who were born after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at previable gestation to those born without PPROM. Retrospective review of prospective collected data for infants discharged between 2004 and 2007 was conducted. Cases were infants with ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2010
We investigated antepartum and intrapartum risk factors for neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in term infants. We performed a case-controlled study in which characteristics of singleton term infants who developed NE from 1993 to 2003 were compared with those of randomly selected controls. Antenatal risk factors (including obesity, diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, previous ...
Jafari F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Establishment of a primary healthcare network in Iran has provided free and universal access to primary health care. Although the health status of Iranians has improved since this network was established, the low-birthweight rate has not decreased. The objective of the present study was to describe socio-economic and medical ...
Davis Robert - - 2010
Background: While medication use to manage cardiovascular disease during pregnancy is widespread, data on its safety for the developing infant is scarce. We used population-based data from 5 HMOs to study risks for perinatal complications and congenital defects among infants exposed in-utero to beta -blockers and calcium-channel blockers. Methods: We ...
Manley Brett J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Some neonatologists state that at the delivery of extremely premature infants they rely on "how the baby looks" when deciding whether to initiate resuscitation. Previous studies have reported poor correlation between early clinical signs and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if neonatologists can accurately predict survival to discharge of extremely ...
Alexandrou Georgios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether hyperglycemia during the first week of life in extremely preterm (EPT) infants was associated with increased mortality rates and with cerebral injury, as assessed with MRI of the brain, at term-equivalent age. METHODS: All 143 EPT infants (gestational ages of ...
Levey Allison - - 2010
Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) is increasingly common. However, the current impact of prenatal diagnosis on neonatal outcomes is unclear. Between January 2004 and January 2008, a retrospective chart review of infants who underwent surgical repair of CHD before discharge at our institution was conducted. Obstetric and perioperative ...
Lin H-C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: As the relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and fetal outcomes remains unclear, this study used a 3-year nationwide population-based data set to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes [low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants] among women with TB. DESIGN: A cross-sectional retrospective study. ...
Duncan Jhodie R JR Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is postulated to result from abnormalities in brainstem control of autonomic function and breathing during a critical developmental period. Abnormalities of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) receptor binding in regions of the medulla oblongata involved in this control have been reported in infants dying from SIDS. To ...
van der Mei Ingrid A F - - 2010
The risk for development of multiple sclerosis has been associated with human leukocyte antigen-DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 (HLA-DR15) genotype, low infant sibling exposure, and high Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen IgG levels. In a population-based case-control study (Tasmania, Australia), we found that the combined effect of HLA-DR15 positivity and low infant sibling exposure on multiple ...
Schmitt Jochen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional studies suggest an association between eczema and mental health problems, but the temporal relationship is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between infant-onset eczema and mental health problems in a prospective study. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1998, a birth cohort study was recruited and followed until age 10 ...
Bjelakovic Bojko - - 2010
Despite a remarkable medical progress in the field of Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, early identification of infants at risk for permanent motor disabilities still presents challenge for both clinicians and researchers. As an indicator of cardiac autonomic control, it was shown that heart rate variability (HRV) might reflect not ...
Vendola Catherine - - 2010
Trisomies 21, 18, and 13 are the three most common trisomies among infants who survive to 20 weeks gestation or more. Overall information about birth prevalence, natural history, and mortality for all three trisomies is well defined, but information about ethnic-specific rates is limited. Only a few studies have examined ...
Patumanond Jayanton - - 2010
Shoulder dystocia (ShD) and cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) share some common risk factors. Whether infant male sex is an independent risk factor for ShD, or if the risk is confounded by other known factors, is uncertain. The aim of this study was to explore the unconfounded effect of infant male sex ...
Nagai S - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of earlier continuous Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) for relatively stable low-birth-weight (LBW) infants in a resource-limited country. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed in LBW infants at a referral hospital in Madagascar. Earlier continuous KMC (intervention) was begun ...
Collins Carmel T - - 2010
AIM: To characterise and compare the nutritional management and growth in infants <33 weeks' gestation in two tertiary centres. METHODS: An audit of daily intake and growth from birth to discharge home was undertaken in two neonatal units: The KK Women's and Children's Hospital Singapore and the Adelaide Women's and ...
Fixler David E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants with functional single ventricle have a high risk of death during the early years of life. Studies have reported improvement in postoperative survival, but they do not include preoperative deaths or those occurring before transfer. The purpose of this population-based study was to estimate 5-year survival in infants ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2010
Information on health disparities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations is essential for developing public health programs aimed at reducing such disparities. The lack of data on disparities in birth outcomes between Inuit and non-Inuit populations in Canada prompted us to compare birth outcomes in Inuit-inhabited areas with those in the ...
Zanardo V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether histological chorioamnionitis (HCA), in the setting of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), affects infant respiratory outcome. DESIGN: A prospective histological study on 287 consecutive placentas was performed in preterm infants (<or=32(+6) weeks gestation), categorised into four groups: according to the presence or absence of HCA, ...
Cairns Matthew - - 2010
Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) is a new malaria control tool. However, it is uncertain whether IPTi works mainly through chemoprophylaxis or treatment of existing infections. Understanding the mechanism is essential for development of replacements for sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) where it is no longer effective. This study investigated how protection ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Ms - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Durations of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) and predominant breastfeeding (PBF) from two different assessments, among the same mother-infant population, were investigated to determine the degree to which the assessments yielded overlapping results. METHODS: Thirty Ugandan mother-infant pairs were followed up weekly from birth to three months of age with weekly ...
Elhassan Elhassan M - - 2010
Reducing the incidence of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates by at least one third between 2000 and 2010 is one of the major goals of the United Nations resolution "A World Fit for Children". This was a case-control study conducted between August-October 2009 in Medani Hospital, Sudan to investigate the ...
Yi Okhee - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Air pollution has been one of the focal points for investigations of maternal health and birth, and an association has been found between air pollution and birth outcomes. Some individual-level risk factors of mothers have been identified as strong predictors of preterm delivery (PTD). Recent literature has shown that ...
Chisti Mohammod J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical and laboratory predictors of bacteremia in infants with diarrhea and systemic inflammatory response syndrome and to analyze their outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, case-control study. SETTING: The Special Care Ward of the Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. PATIENTS: All ...
Cranston Marcus M - - 2010
Iodine deficiency is a global problem representing the most common preventable cause of mental retardation. Recently, the impact of subtle deficiencies in iodine intake on children and pregnant women has been questioned. This study was designed to compare hypothyroidism among infants born to US military families in countries of varied ...
Narchi H - - 2010
We studied neonatal outcomes of infants of obese mothers in a cohort of 6,125 deliveries, using logistic multivariate analysis to remove the role of potential confounding variables. Although, as in previous reports, the crude unadjusted prevalence of several adverse neonatal outcomes was higher in these infants, the multivariable analysis revealed ...
Parazzini Fabio - - 2010
In this study, the authors analyzed the association between video display terminal (VDT) use before and during the three trimesters of pregnancy and risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth in a case-control study. The cases for this study were 555 women who delivered SGA births. The controls were 1966 women who ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2010
Audit of disease and mortality patterns provides essential information for health budgeting and planning, as well as a benchmark for comparison. Neonatal mortality accounts for about 1/3 of deaths < 5 years of age and very low birth weight (VLBW) mortality for approximately 1/3 of neonatal mortality. Intervention programs must ...
Medhin Girmay - - 2010
Child undernutrition is a major public health problem in low income countries. Prospective studies of predictors of infant growth in rural low-income country settings are relatively scarce but vital to guide intervention efforts. A population-based sample of 1065 women in the third trimester of pregnancy was recruited from the demographic ...
Stevens Bonnie - - 2010
Administration of oral sucrose with and without non-nutritive sucking is frequently used as a non-pharmacological intervention for procedural pain relief in neonates. To determine the efficacy, effect of dose and safety of oral sucrose for relieving procedural pain in neonates. The standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Collaborative Review Group ...
Hunt Rod - - 2010
Ethamsylate decreases blood loss in certain clinical situations such as menorrhagia and following some surgical procedures. This potential to reduce bleeding has led to the hypothesis that it may have a role to play in reducing intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants. To determine if ethamsylate, when compared to placebo or ...
Venkatesh Mohan P - - 2010
Lactoferrin, a normal component of human colostrum, milk, tears and saliva can enhance host defence and may be effective in the prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm neonates. To assess the safety and effectiveness of oral lactoferrin in the prevention of sepsis and NEC in preterm neonates. ...
Ozek Eren - - 2010
Hyperviscosity of blood results in increased resistance to blood flow and decreased oxygen delivery. In the neonate, hyperviscosity can cause abnormalities of central nervous system function, hypoglycemia, decreased renal function, cardiorespiratory distress, and coagulation disorders. Hyperviscosity has been reported to be associated with long-term motor and cognitive neurodevelopmental disorders. Blood ...
Wheeler Kevin - - 2010
Damage caused by lung overdistension (volutrauma) has been implicated in the development bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Modern neonatal ventilation modes can target a set tidal volume as an alternative to traditional pressure-limited ventilation using a fixed inflation pressure. Volume targeting aims to produce a more stable tidal volume in order to ...
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