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Zhang X - - 2010
Customisation of birthweight-for-gestational-age standards for maternal characteristics assumes that variation in birth weight as a result of those characteristics is physiological, rather than pathological. Maternal height and parity are among the characteristics widely assumed to be physiological. Our objective was to test that assumption by using an association with perinatal ...
Bird T Mac - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To distinguish the effects of late preterm birth from the complications associated with the causes of delivery timing, this study used propensity score-matching methods on a statewide database that contains information on both mothers and infants. METHODS: Data for this study came from Arkansas Medicaid claims data linked to ...
Venkatesh Kartik K - - 2011
We examined correlates of infant morbidity and mortality within the first 3 months of life among HIV-exposed infants receiving post-exposure antiretroviral prophylaxis in South Africa. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 848 mother-child dyads. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used. The main causes of infant morbidity were gastrointestinal ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia. DESIGN: Cohort study. Field workers recorded neonatal axillary temperature at home and recorded vital status at 28 days. SETTING: Rural Nepal. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three thousand two hundred forty infants in Sarlahi, Nepal. MAIN EXPOSURE: ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pneumonia in infants with high fever without source (FWS; temperature, > or =39.0 degrees C) and a white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 20 x 10(9)/L (occult pneumonia) has been reported to be 20% before the introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7). This ...
Kancherla Vijaya - - 2010
Congenital idiopathic talipes equinovarus (ITEV), also known as clubfoot, is a well-recognized foot deformity. To date, prevalence estimates and descriptive data reported for ITEV have varied due to differences in study methodology. Using population-based surveillance data collected by the Iowa Registry for Congenital and Inherited Disorders, we examined isolated ITEV ...
Schmidt Rebecca J RJ Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, 95616, USA. - - 2010
Investigations of maternal caffeine intake and neural tube defects (NTDs) have not considered genetic influences. Caffeine metabolism gene effects were examined in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Average daily caffeine was summed from self-reported coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate intake for mothers of 768 NTD cases, and 4143 controls ...
Rich Wade D WD Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, California, USA. - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to quantify the time and effort involved in obtaining prenatal consent for the Neonatal Research Network Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial (SUPPORT) and to determine whether the enrolled infants were representative of the eligible population. Eligible subjects were likely to ...
Fischer Céline - - 2010
To evaluate the incidence and severity of nasal trauma secondary to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in neonates. Prospective observational study. Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland. All neonates admitted between January 2002 and December 2007 treated by nCPAP were eligible. Patients' noses ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2010
To determine the association between antenatal factors and severe adverse neurodevelopmental outcome (ANDO) in preterm infants. Neurodevelopmental follow-up was performed in a cohort of babies born at <32.0 weeks' gestation with birth weight <1500 grams between 1999 and 2006. Logistic regression analysis was used to relate obstetric, perinatal and neonatal ...
Crump Casey - - 2010
Recent studies suggest an increased risk of adverse mental health outcomes among young adults who were born preterm. These studies have been based mainly on hospital data, thus missing large numbers of mental health problems that do not require inpatient treatment. We used national outpatient and inpatient pharmacy data to ...
Navaei Fakhri - - 2010
The outcome of preterm neonates has been varied in different hospitals and regions in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the mortality, morbidity and survival of neonates weighing 1500 g or less and with gestational age of 30 weeks or less who were admitted to referral neonatal intensive care ...
Fujii Kumiko - - 2010
This study aims to clarify (i) the incidence of pressure ulcers in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and (ii) risk factors of pressure ulcer development. All infants admitted to the NICU and kept in incubators from seven hospitals during the study period were recruited to the ...
Birch Pita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infections are common complications of neonatal long lines. Heparin has been shown to prolong the effective duration of neonatal long lines and to reduce the ability of bacteria to adhere to foreign surfaces, but the effect of heparin on rates of infection is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether betamethasone (BETA) <34 weeks reduces adverse outcomes in late preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with spontaneous birth 34-36 6/7 weeks. We determined whether patients were exposed to preterm labor (PTL) <34 weeks and BETA and calculated the ...
Silverstein Michael M Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2010
Maternal depression is common among mothers of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. In a cohort of mother-VLBW infant dyads followed to preschool age, the authors assessed the impact of maternal depression on mothers' perceptions of their children's social aptitude and reported participation in age-appropriate preschool activities. Longitudinal multivariable analysis of ...
Ramakrishnan Usha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The need for omega-3 fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during pregnancy has received much attention, but evidence of effects on birth outcomes is limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prenatal DHA supplementation increases gestational age and birth size. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Cuernavaca, Mexico. ...
Watanabe Hiroko - - 2010
The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between low maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) less than 18.5 kg/m(2) and the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) infants. This was a cross-sectional study. The women with BMI of less than 25.0 kg/m(2) who gave birth to ...
Mazumder Sarmila - - 2010
To determine if educating caregivers in providing zinc supplements to infants < 6 months old with acute diarrhoea is effective in treating diarrhoea and preventing acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs), and whether it leads to a decrease in the use of oral rehydration salts (ORS). In this retrospective subgroup analysis of infants ...
Cohen-Overbeek T E - - 2010
To assess the impact of prenatal compared with postnatal diagnosis on outcome for liveborn infants with an isolated or with a non-isolated omphalocele. This was a retrospective analysis of 101 prenatally and 45 postnatally diagnosed cases of omphalocele. Cases were collected from the ultrasound database of the Division of Obstetrics ...
Carmichael Suzan L SL California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA. - - 2010
Environmental contaminants that disrupt endocrine function may contribute to hypospadias etiology. To compare levels of selected halogenated organic pollutants in women delivering infants with and without hypospadias. This study examined levels of nine polybrominated flame retardants (PBDEs), 30 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and nine persistent pesticides in mid-pregnancy serum samples from ...
Zhu Motao - - 2010
Limited epidemiologic studies have examined the association between maternal low-level lead exposure [blood lead (PbB) < 10 µg/dL] and fetal growth. We examined whether maternal low-level lead exposure is associated with decreased fetal growth. We linked New York State Heavy Metals Registry records of women who had PbB measurements with ...
O'Grady Kerry-Ann F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) and bronchiectasis in Northern Territory Indigenous infants hospitalised in the first year of life. DESIGN: A historical cohort study constructed from the NT Hospital Discharge Dataset and the NT Immunisation Register. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: All NT resident Indigenous infants, ...
Zhang Xun - - 2010
We sought to assess recent trends in falling mean birthweight (BW) and gestational age (GA) among US non-Hispanic white singleton live births >or=37 weeks of gestation and the contribution of increased rates of induction to these trends. This was an ecological study based on US vital statistics from 1992 through ...
Schenone Mauro H - - 2010
Prenatal prediction of neonatal survival and survival without short term major morbidity (STMM) in babies born at the borderline of viability. Obstetric and neonatal records of 471 babies born from 22 0/7 to 25 6/7 weeks between the years 2000 to 2007 were reviewed. A total of 179 live-born nonanomaluos ...
Harrison Denise - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of oral sweet solutions to water or no treatment in infants aged 1-12 months during immunisation. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved through internet searches or manual searches of reference lists. Search terms included newborn, infant, pain, sucrose and alternative names for sweet solutions. ...
Källén A J Bengt - - 2010
Infants born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) differ from spontaneously conceived infants in a number of aspects which could increase the risk for future cerebral palsy (CP), e.g., multiple births, preterm births, neonatal complications. To follow up children conceived by IVF with respect to risk for CP. Infants born after ...
Koenig Michael A - - 2010
To investigate the relationship between domestic violence and perinatal, neonatal and infant mortality in rural India using prospective data. The study is based upon a prospective follow-up study of a cohort selected from the 1998-99 National Family and Health Survey-2 (NSFS-2), which was carried out in 2002-03 in four Indian ...
Bengtson May-Bente - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to explore the influences of familial, maternal, and paternal inflammatory disease (IBD) on perinatal outcomes in the offspring and the risk for development of IBD related to perinatal factors. METHODS: Eighty-five patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 86 with ulcerative colitis (UC) were ...
Diamond Ivan R - - 2010
PURPOSE: We sought to examine in a multiple variable model the impact of residual colonic length on time to intestinal adaptation in a cohort of infants with short bowel syndrome. METHOD: Infants with a surgical diagnosis of short bowel syndrome who underwent operation 90 days or younger were included in ...
Jelin Angie C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neonatal outcomes of infants delivered to mothers with early-onset preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort of 1709 infants delivered at 24 0/7 to 29 6/7 weeks gestation was examined. Neonatal outcomes of 235 infants delivered prematurely because of preeclampsia were compared with 1474 infants ...
Nasr Ahmed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infants with esophageal atresia (EA), omphalocele, and anorectal malformation (ARM) often have associated congenital heart disease. Recognition of significant cardiac defects, which compromise patient well-being in the perioperative period, is essential before going to the operating room. However, urgent echocardiography may be unavailable, and surgery may therefore be delayed ...
Gaskins Ronnesia B RB Center for Study of Children at Risk, Brown-Alpert Medical School, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island 02905, USA. - - 2010
We sought to determine the association between small for gestational age (SGA), birth weight, and childhood obesity within preterm polysubstance exposed children. We sampled 312 preterm children with 11-year body mass index (BMI; age- and sex-specific) data from the Maternal Lifestyle Study (51% girls, 21.5% SGA, 46% prenatal cocaine, and ...
Boppana Suresh B SB UAB Department of Pediatrics, CHB 114, 1600 Sixth Ave S, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. - - 2010
Reliable methods to screen newborns for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are needed for identification of infants at increased risk of hearing loss. Since dried blood spots (DBS) are routinely collected for metabolic screening from all newborns in the United States, there has been interest in using DBS polymerase chain reaction ...
Li Chung-Yi - - 2010
Mothers bearing small offspring are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. The cardiovascular risk for fathers of small offspring is, however, inconclusive. Very few studies with sufficiently large sample sizes have been conducted to specifically differentiate the maternal/paternal CVD risk in association with offspring birth weight in the ...
Model Dmitri - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe a novel methodology by which to measure the Hirschberg ratio (HR) in infants. The methodology does not require fixation on specific points, and measurements are made while infants look naturally at a display. METHODS: The HR is calculated automatically from measurements of the direction of the optical ...
Prakalapakorn Sasapin G - - 2010
To identify risk factors for infantile cataracts of unknown etiology. Case-control study. Case infants (n = 152) and control infants (n = 4205) enrolled in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study for birth years 2000-2004. Multivariate analysis was performed exploring associations for risk factors for bilateral and unilateral infantile cataracts ...
Yigzaw Muluneh - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies worldwide showed that too short birth interval is correlated with child mortality. Identifying the optimal interval between births at which risk of child mortality is the lowest may benefit developing countries to prioritize family planning services and achieve the millennium development goal (MDG 4). OBJECTIVE: To assess ...
Mills J A - - 2010
To identify perinatal risk variables predictive of outcome in gastroschisis. Gastroschisis cases were collected over a 3-year period from a national database. Risk variables evaluated included gestational age (GA), birth weight, time of birth, admission illness severity (score for neonatal acute physiology-II, SNAP-II) score, and abdominal closure type. Mortality and ...
Mwansa-Kambafwile Judith - - 2010
In high-income countries, administration of antenatal steroids is standard care for women with anticipated preterm labour. However, although >1 million deaths due to preterm birth occur annually, antenatal steroids are not routine practice in low-income countries where most of these deaths occur. To review the evidence for and estimate the ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2010
'Kangaroo mother care' (KMC) includes thermal care through continuous skin-to-skin contact, support for exclusive breastfeeding or other appropriate feeding, and early recognition/response to illness. Whilst increasingly accepted in both high- and low-income countries, a Cochrane review (2003) did not find evidence of KMC's mortality benefit, and did not report neonatal-specific ...
Urquia M L - - 2010
This study aimed to examine preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births among immigrants, by duration of residence, and to compare them with the Canadian-born population. Population-based cross-sectional study with retrospective assessment of immigration. Metropolitan areas of Ontario, Canada. A total of 83 233 singleton newborns born to immigrant mothers and 314 ...
Von Kohorn Isabelle I Department of Pediatrics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. - - 2010
To determine the relationship between the advice mothers receive about infant sleep position and the actual position they place their infants in to sleep and to understand modifiers of that relationship, especially beliefs about infant comfort and safety. Cross-sectional, face-to-face interviews. Women, Infants, and Children centers in the United States ...
Neta Gila I - - 2010
While elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines are clearly associated with preterm birth, the relation between cytokines and fetal growth is unclear. The authors examined associations between umbilical cord serum cytokine concentrations and risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and preterm birth. This cross-sectional analysis was nested within a National Institute of Child ...
Resch B - - 2010
To evaluate the association between maternal interleukin (IL)-6 G(-174)C polymorphism and cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) of the preterm newborn. After searching a local database, we recruited 132 preterm infants with diagnosis of cPVL, 44 Caucasian mothers were also recruited to participate in this candidate gene-association study at a single teritary ...
de Waal Koert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the hemodynamic changes with time in preterm infants with clinical sepsis. STUDY DESIGN: Blood pressure, right ventricular output (RVO), left ventricular output (LVO), and superior vena cava (SVC) flow of infants who had a suspected infection and showed signs of cardiovascular compromise were measured every 12 hours ...
Klinger Gil - - 2010
Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality among infants with a very low birth weight (VLBW); however, there is a sparse amount of complete data on large cohorts. To evaluate the mortality and major morbidities among VLBW infants with EOS. This was a population-based observational study. Data ...
Soylu H - - 2010
To compare composite adverse outcome rate of infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) who were born after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) at previable gestation to those born without PPROM. Retrospective review of prospective collected data for infants discharged between 2004 and 2007 was conducted. Cases were infants with ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2010
We investigated antepartum and intrapartum risk factors for neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in term infants. We performed a case-controlled study in which characteristics of singleton term infants who developed NE from 1993 to 2003 were compared with those of randomly selected controls. Antenatal risk factors (including obesity, diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, previous ...
Jafari F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Establishment of a primary healthcare network in Iran has provided free and universal access to primary health care. Although the health status of Iranians has improved since this network was established, the low-birthweight rate has not decreased. The objective of the present study was to describe socio-economic and medical ...
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