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Results 101 - 150 of 1386
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Johnson Brian - - 2010
In 1999, a US case-control study demonstrated a strong association between intussusception and a rotavirus vaccine (Rotashield). However, because most (87%) cases were not temporally associated with vaccination, we reanalyzed these data to assess risk factors for intussusception cases unrelated to Rotashield. Case-patients were infants with intussusception between November 1998 ...
Scheiwe Anja A Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2010
In a 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, this study aimed to evaluate the longer-term effects of a peer-led infant feeding intervention that was delivered during the first year of life. The original intervention used monthly home visits from trained volunteers to improve infant feeding practices among a sample ...
Schmitt J - - 2011
Cross-sectional studies suggest an association between eczema and mental health problems, possibly modified by sleeping problems, but prospective evidence is missing. We aimed to prospectively investigate the relationship between infant eczema (within first 2 years of age), infant sleeping problems (within first 2 years of age), and the risk of ...
Chisti Mohammod J - - 2010
To evaluate rapid and simple laboratory investigations to predict fatal outcome in infants presenting with diarrhoea and severe malnutrition. Retrospective chart analysis of infants with severe malnutrition and diarrhoea with (cases) and without fatal outcome (controls) admitted to the Special Care Ward in Dhaka Hospital at ICDDR,B between May 2005 ...
Simbruner Georg - - 2010
Mild hypothermia after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) reduces neurologic sequelae without significant adverse effects, but studies are needed to determine the most-efficacious methods. In the neo.nEURO.network trial, term neonates with clinical and electrophysiological evidence of HIE were assigned randomly to either a control group, with a rectal temperature of 37°C ...
Mallol Javier - - 2010
Recurrent wheezing (RW) during the first year of life is a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide, yet there are no studies on its prevalence at an international level. A study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of RW in infants during their first year of life in affluent and ...
Vollrath Margarete E - - 2011
This study investigated whether infants' temperament at 18 months is associated with the feeding of foods and drinks that may increase the risk for later obesity. This was a cross-sectional study of mothers and infants (N = 40 266) participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by ...
Griffith Margaret Irene - - 2011
Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE) are potentially modifiable risk factors for maternofetal complications. Owing to a paucity of research connecting PE to the risk of intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring, this study examined this relationship. Furthermore, we explored how low birth weight (LBW) mediates the effect of PE on ID. ...
Beurskens Leonardus W J E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Genetic analyses in humans suggest a role for retinoid-related genes in the pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The goal of this study was to investigate the vitamin A status of mothers and their newborns in association with CDH. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, case-control study with 22 case ...
Durie Danielle E - - 2011
We sought to determine the relationship between mode of delivery and neonatal outcomes in infants <1500 g in a vertex presentation. This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton, vertex-presenting infants weighing <1500 g in a level III neonatal intensive care unit between July 1993 and July 2006. Infants were ...
Kleyn Mary - - 2011
Michigan's Newborn Screening (NBS) Program began statewide screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in October 2007. Confirmatory sweat testing is performed in infants having initial immunoreactive trypsinogen concentrations ≥ 99.8th percentile or ≥ 96 th percentile and at least one CF mutation identified by DNA analysis. Some infants fail to produce ...
Nembhard Wendy N - - 2010
We examined the separate and joint effects of gestational age, size at birth and maternal race/ethnicity on early childhood survival among 48,391 singleton infants with major birth defects. Texas Birth Defects Registry data were linked to death records and the National Death Index to ascertain deaths. Gestational age categories were ...
Bilavsky Efraim - - 2010
To determine the utility and importance of total white blood cell count (WBC) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) as markers of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in hospitalized febrile infants aged ≤2 months. Data on WBC and ANC were collected prospectively for all infants aged ≤2 months who were hospitalized for ...
Lasswell Sarah Marie - - 2010
For more than 30 years, guidelines for perinatal regionalization have recommended that very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants be born at highly specialized hospitals, most commonly designated as level III hospitals. Despite these recommendations, some regions continue to have large percentages of VLBW infants born in lower-level hospitals. To evaluate published data ...
Montagna M T - - 2010
During the past years invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have become an increasingly important problem in infants hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Candida species is the third most-common agent of late-onset infections in critically ill neonates, with an estimated incidence of 2.6-10% in very low birth weight and ...
Gajdos Vincent - - 2010
Acute bronchiolitis treatment in children and infants is largely supportive, but chest physiotherapy is routinely performed in some countries. In France, national guidelines recommend a specific type of physiotherapy combining the increased exhalation technique (IET) and assisted cough (AC). Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of chest physiotherapy (IET ...
Regier Dean A DA National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK. - - 2010
To estimate the cost-effectiveness (CE) of total body hypothermia plus intensive care versus intensive care alone to treat neonatal encephalopathy. Decision analytic modeling was used to synthesize mortality and morbidity data from three randomized controlled trials, the Total Body Hypothermia for Neonatal Encephalopathy Trial (TOBY), National Institute of Child Health ...
Xie R-H - - 2011
Objectives To assess the impact of prenatal and postnatal family support on the association between infant sex and postpartum depression (PPD). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Pregnant women seen at Hunan Maternal and Infant Hospital, the First Affiliated and the Third Affiliated Hospitals of the Central South University in Changsha, ...
Laughon Matthew - - 2011
The incidence of chronic lung disease (CLD) varies among groups defined by their early pattern of respiratory disease. The study examined data collected prospectively on 1204 of the 1506 infants born in 2002-2004 at 23-27 weeks gestation who survived to 36 weeks post-menstrual age. Based on their initial respiratory presentation ...
Uma Ramalingam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in maternal and infant ACE genotypes in early-onset and later-onset pre-eclampsia/toxemia (PET). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 22 cases of early-onset pre-eclampsia (before 34 weeks gestation), 38 cases of later-onset pre-eclampsia (after 34 weeks gestation), and 108 healthy ...
Agarwal Siddharth - - 2010
Three hundred twelve mothers of infants aged 2-4 months in 11 slums of Indore, India, were interviewed to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPACR) among them. The mothers were asked whether they followed the desired four steps while pregnant: identified a trained birth attendant, identified a health facility, arranged ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2010
To systematically evaluate and update evidence on the efficacy and safety of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis CNCM I-3446 supplementation in preterm infants. The Cochrane Library and MEDLINE databases and major pediatric conference proceedings were searched in December 2008 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The company that manufactures B lactis was ...
Vergani P - - 2010
To identify independent predictors of adverse neonatal outcome in cases of fetal growth restriction (FGR) at > or = 34 weeks. From a cohort of 481 FGR cases delivered at > or = 34 weeks, demographic and obstetric variables, fetal biometry and Doppler indices of the uterine, umbilical and fetal ...
Haas David M - - 2011
Objective.?To explore the influence of maternal ethnicity on neonatal outcomes after antenatal corticosteroid administration. Methods.?A retrospective review of ethnicity, maternal factors, and neonatal birth outcomes was performed for preterm births at a single institution. Cases were limited to women who received antenatal corticosteroids. The impact of ethnicity on specific neonatal ...
- - 2010
Late preterm births (340/7-366/7 weeks) account for an increasing proportion of prematurity-associated short-term morbidities, particularly respiratory, that require specialized care and prolonged neonatal hospital stays. To assess short-term respiratory morbidity in late preterm births compared with term births in a contemporary cohort of deliveries in the United States. Retrospective collection ...
Neta Gila - - 2010
We characterized the distribution and determinants of fetal exposures to pesticide mixtures using a cross-sectional study of 297 singletons delivered at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, MD (2004-2005). Concentrations of nine persistent and twelve nonpersistent pesticides were measured in cord serum. Mixtures were identified using principal components analysis. Associations between ...
Johnson Kimberly J - - 2010
Leukemia in infants is rare and has not been well studied apart from leukemia in older children. Differences in survival and the molecular characteristics of leukemia in infants versus older children suggest a distinct etiology, likely involving prenatal factors. We examined the association between eight categories of maternally reported congenital ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Background Few studies have evaluated the relationship between preterm birth (PTB) and maternal education over time. We sought to determine whether educational inequalities in PTB have increased in Québec, Canada. Methods The authors analysed 2 124 909 singleton live births from 1981 to 2006, and computed the Relative Index of Inequality (RII) ...
Zhang X - - 2010
Customisation of birthweight-for-gestational-age standards for maternal characteristics assumes that variation in birth weight as a result of those characteristics is physiological, rather than pathological. Maternal height and parity are among the characteristics widely assumed to be physiological. Our objective was to test that assumption by using an association with perinatal ...
Bird T Mac - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To distinguish the effects of late preterm birth from the complications associated with the causes of delivery timing, this study used propensity score-matching methods on a statewide database that contains information on both mothers and infants. METHODS: Data for this study came from Arkansas Medicaid claims data linked to ...
Venkatesh Kartik K - - 2011
We examined correlates of infant morbidity and mortality within the first 3 months of life among HIV-exposed infants receiving post-exposure antiretroviral prophylaxis in South Africa. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 848 mother-child dyads. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used. The main causes of infant morbidity were gastrointestinal ...
Mullany Luke C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the neonatal mortality/hypothermia relationship and develop evidence-based cutoffs for global definitions of neonatal hypothermia. DESIGN: Cohort study. Field workers recorded neonatal axillary temperature at home and recorded vital status at 28 days. SETTING: Rural Nepal. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three thousand two hundred forty infants in Sarlahi, Nepal. MAIN EXPOSURE: ...
Mintegi Santiago - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pneumonia in infants with high fever without source (FWS; temperature, > or =39.0 degrees C) and a white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 20 x 10(9)/L (occult pneumonia) has been reported to be 20% before the introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7). This ...
Kancherla Vijaya - - 2010
Congenital idiopathic talipes equinovarus (ITEV), also known as clubfoot, is a well-recognized foot deformity. To date, prevalence estimates and descriptive data reported for ITEV have varied due to differences in study methodology. Using population-based surveillance data collected by the Iowa Registry for Congenital and Inherited Disorders, we examined isolated ITEV ...
Schmidt Rebecca J - - 2010
Investigations of maternal caffeine intake and neural tube defects (NTDs) have not considered genetic influences. Caffeine metabolism gene effects were examined in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study. Average daily caffeine was summed from self-reported coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate intake for mothers of 768 NTD cases, and 4143 controls ...
Rich Wade D - - 2010
The purposes of this study were to quantify the time and effort involved in obtaining prenatal consent for the Neonatal Research Network Surfactant Positive Airway Pressure and Pulse Oximetry Randomized Trial (SUPPORT) and to determine whether the enrolled infants were representative of the eligible population. Eligible subjects were likely to ...
Fischer Céline - - 2010
To evaluate the incidence and severity of nasal trauma secondary to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in neonates. Prospective observational study. Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland. All neonates admitted between January 2002 and December 2007 treated by nCPAP were eligible. Patients' noses ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2010
To determine the association between antenatal factors and severe adverse neurodevelopmental outcome (ANDO) in preterm infants. Neurodevelopmental follow-up was performed in a cohort of babies born at <32.0 weeks' gestation with birth weight <1500 grams between 1999 and 2006. Logistic regression analysis was used to relate obstetric, perinatal and neonatal ...
Crump Casey - - 2010
Recent studies suggest an increased risk of adverse mental health outcomes among young adults who were born preterm. These studies have been based mainly on hospital data, thus missing large numbers of mental health problems that do not require inpatient treatment. We used national outpatient and inpatient pharmacy data to ...
Navaei Fakhri - - 2010
The outcome of preterm neonates has been varied in different hospitals and regions in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the mortality, morbidity and survival of neonates weighing 1500 g or less and with gestational age of 30 weeks or less who were admitted to referral neonatal intensive care ...
Fujii Kumiko - - 2010
This study aims to clarify (i) the incidence of pressure ulcers in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and (ii) risk factors of pressure ulcer development. All infants admitted to the NICU and kept in incubators from seven hospitals during the study period were recruited to the ...
Birch Pita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Infections are common complications of neonatal long lines. Heparin has been shown to prolong the effective duration of neonatal long lines and to reduce the ability of bacteria to adhere to foreign surfaces, but the effect of heparin on rates of infection is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess whether betamethasone (BETA) <34 weeks reduces adverse outcomes in late preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with spontaneous birth 34-36 6/7 weeks. We determined whether patients were exposed to preterm labor (PTL) <34 weeks and BETA and calculated the ...
Silverstein Michael - - 2010
Maternal depression is common among mothers of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. In a cohort of mother-VLBW infant dyads followed to preschool age, the authors assessed the impact of maternal depression on mothers' perceptions of their children's social aptitude and reported participation in age-appropriate preschool activities. Longitudinal multivariable analysis of ...
Ramakrishnan Usha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The need for omega-3 fatty acids, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during pregnancy has received much attention, but evidence of effects on birth outcomes is limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether prenatal DHA supplementation increases gestational age and birth size. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Cuernavaca, Mexico. ...
Watanabe Hiroko - - 2010
The purpose of our study was to investigate the association between low maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) less than 18.5 kg/m(2) and the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) infants. This was a cross-sectional study. The women with BMI of less than 25.0 kg/m(2) who gave birth to ...
Mazumder Sarmila - - 2010
To determine if educating caregivers in providing zinc supplements to infants < 6 months old with acute diarrhoea is effective in treating diarrhoea and preventing acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs), and whether it leads to a decrease in the use of oral rehydration salts (ORS). In this retrospective subgroup analysis of infants ...
Cohen-Overbeek T E - - 2010
To assess the impact of prenatal compared with postnatal diagnosis on outcome for liveborn infants with an isolated or with a non-isolated omphalocele. This was a retrospective analysis of 101 prenatally and 45 postnatally diagnosed cases of omphalocele. Cases were collected from the ultrasound database of the Division of Obstetrics ...
Carmichael Suzan L SL California Research Division, March of Dimes Foundation, Oakland, CA 94609, USA. - - 2010
Environmental contaminants that disrupt endocrine function may contribute to hypospadias etiology. To compare levels of selected halogenated organic pollutants in women delivering infants with and without hypospadias. This study examined levels of nine polybrominated flame retardants (PBDEs), 30 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and nine persistent pesticides in mid-pregnancy serum samples from ...
Zhu Motao - - 2010
Limited epidemiologic studies have examined the association between maternal low-level lead exposure [blood lead (PbB) < 10 µg/dL] and fetal growth. We examined whether maternal low-level lead exposure is associated with decreased fetal growth. We linked New York State Heavy Metals Registry records of women who had PbB measurements with ...
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