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Yang Ya-Wen - - 2011
Previous research regarding pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriasis either used selective hospital-based data, or analyzed obstetric, but not infant-specific, outcomes. We sought to investigate whether maternal psoriasis was associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, compared with unaffected mothers, in an unselected nationwide population-based data set. In total, ...
Madzivhandila Mashudu - - 2011
Serotype-specific polysaccharide based group B streptococcus (GBS) vaccines are being developed. An understanding of the serotype epidemiology associated with maternal colonization and invasive disease in infants is necessary to determine the potential coverage of serotype-specific GBS vaccines. Colonizing GBS isolates were identified by vaginal swabbing of mothers during active labor ...
Amaral Eliana - - 2011
Auditing of sentinel health events based on best-practice protocols has been recommended. This study describes a population-based investigation on adverse perinatal events including severe acute maternal morbidity (near-miss), maternal and perinatal mortality, as a health intervention to help improve the surveillance system. From October to December 2005, all cases of ...
Chiavarini Manuela - - 2011
Breastfeeding has a major impact on CMV epidemiology. Postnatal CMV reactivation's incidence during lactation is nearby the maternal seroprevalence. Although perinatal CMV infection has practically no consequences in term newborn, it may cause, in some cases, a severe symptomatic disease in preterm newborns. The aims of the present study are ...
Faridi Omar S OS From the *Beaumont Eye Institute, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan; and †Associated Retinal Consultants, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to describe a patient with intrauterine injury simulating abusive head trauma and its management. A case report of a premature infant born at 35 weeks 2 days through an uncomplicated vaginal delivery was found to have cerebral hemorrhages on magnetic resonance imaging after presenting ...
Hayashi S - - 2010
Objective:We prospectively evaluated the rate of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission through breast milk in extremely premature infants to address the impact of CMV infection on preterm infants during lactation.Study Design:A total of 25 mothers and 27 infants (two sets of twins) with birth weights <1000 g and/or gestational ages <28 weeks ...
van der Weiden S - - 2011
Congenital infections are associated with a wide variety of clinical symptoms, including small for gestational age (SGA). To determine the co-occurrence of SGA and congenital TORCH infections, as diagnosed by TORCH serologic tests and/or cytomegalovirus (CMV) urine culture. We performed a retrospective study of all neonates admitted to our neonatal ...
Welmerink Diana B - - 2010
To determine whether maternal infertility treatment is associated with adverse outcomes. Population-based cohort study using linked birth certificate-hospital discharge data. Washington State. Live-born singleton infants conceived with infertility treatment between 2003 and 2006 (n = 2,182) and a random sample of live-born singleton infants conceived spontaneously, frequency matched by birth ...
Zanardo V - - 2010
Meconium obstruction has been viewed as a cause of bowel dysfunction and poorer outcome in preterm neonates. This study investigated whether the need of meconium induction over the 7th postnatal day would relate with later bowel habit development. The study was carried out at the Department of Pediatrics, University of ...
Slater Alan - - 2010
Face perception remains one of the most intensively researched areas in psychology and allied disciplines, and there has been much debate regarding the early origins and experiential determinants of face processing. This article reviews studies, the majority of which have appeared in the past decade, that discuss possible mechanisms underlying ...
McGrath Eric J - - 2011
Objective.  To investigate the mode of transmission of and assess control measures for an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant (multidrug-resistant) Acinetobacter baumannii infection involving 6 premature infants. Design.  An outbreak investigation based on medical record review was performed for each neonate during the outbreak (from November 2008 through January 2009) in conjunction ...
Manimunda S P - - 2010
SUMMARYPort Blair, the capital city of the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the republic of India, witnessed an outbreak of chikungunya (CHIK) fever in 2006. Although no deaths attributable to CHIK fever were registered, thousands of people were affected. In view of evidence from other parts of ...
Wang Ting - - 2011
To determine the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in Chinese women. Data were obtained from a population-based perinatal care program in China during 1993-2005. Women whose height and weight information was recorded at the first prenatal visit in ...
Been J V - - 2011
There is debate concerning the safety and efficacy of antenatal steroids in preterm labour with suspected intrauterine infection (chorioamnionitis). We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of antenatal steroids in clinical and histological chorioamnionitis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, BioMed Central and the Cochrane databases ...
Rahman Anisur - - 2010
Millions of people worldwide are drinking water with elevated arsenic concentrations. Epidemiologic studies, mainly cross-sectional in design, have suggested that arsenic in drinking water may affect pregnancy outcome and infant health. We assessed the association of arsenic exposure with adverse pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality in a prospective cohort study ...
Teo Wan Yee - - 2010
Parainfluenza type 3 virus (PIV-3) is an important nosocomial pathogen which causes pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants. We report an outbreak of PIV-3 respiratory infection which occurred in the neonatal unit of KK Hospital in June 2005. This is the second PIV-3 outbreak in our unit after the fi rst ...
Graner Sophie - - 2010
Population-based estimations of perinatal and neonatal outcomes are sparse in Vietnam. There are no previously published data on small for gestational age (SGA) infants. A rural population in northern Vietnam was investigated from 1999 to 2005 (n=5521). Based on the birthweight distributions within the population under study, reference curves for ...
van Rossem Lenie L The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2011
Breastfeeding and infant weight change are both associated with adiposity. We examined the extent to which infant weight change mediates the association between breastfeeding and adiposity at age 3 years. We studied 884 children in a prospective cohort study. We determined breastfeeding status in the first 6 months. Our primary ...
Linabery A M - - 2010
Prenatal supplementation has been inversely associated with childhood, but not with infant, leukaemia. Mothers of 443 cases of infant leukaemia diagnosed during 1996-2006 and 324 frequency-matched controls completed interviews. Associations were evaluated by unconditional logistic regression. We observed no associations between prenatal vitamin (odds ratio (OR)=0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): ...
Hendson Leonora - - 2011
To determine survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months corrected age among very low birth weight infants ≤32 weeks gestation with histologic chorioamnionitis. Observational, regionalized, single-center cohort study with prospective follow-up. Of the 628 infants meeting the selection criteria, 303 (48%) were born to mothers with evidence of histologic chorioamnonitis. ...
Fujii Kumiko - - 2010
This study aims to clarify (i) the incidence of pressure ulcers in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and (ii) risk factors of pressure ulcer development. All infants admitted to the NICU and kept in incubators from seven hospitals during the study period were recruited to the ...
Escobar Gabriel J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between recurrent wheezing (RW) in the third year of life and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, prematurity, and neonatal oxygen exposure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study linking inpatient, outpatient, and laboratory databases for cohort assembly and logistic regression analysis. SETTING: Integrated health care delivery system in ...
Johnson Brian - - 2010
In 1999, a US case-control study demonstrated a strong association between intussusception and a rotavirus vaccine (Rotashield). However, because most (87%) cases were not temporally associated with vaccination, we reanalyzed these data to assess risk factors for intussusception cases unrelated to Rotashield. Case-patients were infants with intussusception between November 1998 ...
Scheiwe Anja A Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2010
In a 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, this study aimed to evaluate the longer-term effects of a peer-led infant feeding intervention that was delivered during the first year of life. The original intervention used monthly home visits from trained volunteers to improve infant feeding practices among a sample ...
Schmitt J - - 2011
Cross-sectional studies suggest an association between eczema and mental health problems, possibly modified by sleeping problems, but prospective evidence is missing. We aimed to prospectively investigate the relationship between infant eczema (within first 2 years of age), infant sleeping problems (within first 2 years of age), and the risk of ...
Chisti Mohammod J - - 2010
To evaluate rapid and simple laboratory investigations to predict fatal outcome in infants presenting with diarrhoea and severe malnutrition. Retrospective chart analysis of infants with severe malnutrition and diarrhoea with (cases) and without fatal outcome (controls) admitted to the Special Care Ward in Dhaka Hospital at ICDDR,B between May 2005 ...
Simbruner Georg - - 2010
Mild hypothermia after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) reduces neurologic sequelae without significant adverse effects, but studies are needed to determine the most-efficacious methods. In the neo.nEURO.network trial, term neonates with clinical and electrophysiological evidence of HIE were assigned randomly to either a control group, with a rectal temperature of 37°C ...
Mallol Javier - - 2010
Recurrent wheezing (RW) during the first year of life is a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide, yet there are no studies on its prevalence at an international level. A study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of RW in infants during their first year of life in affluent and ...
Vollrath Margarete E ME Department of Psychosomatics and Health Behavior, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2011
This study investigated whether infants' temperament at 18 months is associated with the feeding of foods and drinks that may increase the risk for later obesity. This was a cross-sectional study of mothers and infants (N = 40 266) participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by ...
Griffith Margaret Irene MI Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC, USA. - - 2011
Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE) are potentially modifiable risk factors for maternofetal complications. Owing to a paucity of research connecting PE to the risk of intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring, this study examined this relationship. Furthermore, we explored how low birth weight (LBW) mediates the effect of PE on ID. ...
Beurskens Leonardus W J E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Genetic analyses in humans suggest a role for retinoid-related genes in the pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The goal of this study was to investigate the vitamin A status of mothers and their newborns in association with CDH. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, case-control study with 22 case ...
Durie Danielle E - - 2011
We sought to determine the relationship between mode of delivery and neonatal outcomes in infants <1500 g in a vertex presentation. This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton, vertex-presenting infants weighing <1500 g in a level III neonatal intensive care unit between July 1993 and July 2006. Infants were ...
Kleyn Mary - - 2011
Michigan's Newborn Screening (NBS) Program began statewide screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) in October 2007. Confirmatory sweat testing is performed in infants having initial immunoreactive trypsinogen concentrations ≥ 99.8th percentile or ≥ 96 th percentile and at least one CF mutation identified by DNA analysis. Some infants fail to produce ...
Nembhard Wendy N - - 2010
We examined the separate and joint effects of gestational age, size at birth and maternal race/ethnicity on early childhood survival among 48,391 singleton infants with major birth defects. Texas Birth Defects Registry data were linked to death records and the National Death Index to ascertain deaths. Gestational age categories were ...
Bilavsky Efraim - - 2010
To determine the utility and importance of total white blood cell count (WBC) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) as markers of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in hospitalized febrile infants aged ≤2 months. Data on WBC and ANC were collected prospectively for all infants aged ≤2 months who were hospitalized for ...
Montagna M T - - 2010
During the past years invasive fungal infections (IFIs) have become an increasingly important problem in infants hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Candida species is the third most-common agent of late-onset infections in critically ill neonates, with an estimated incidence of 2.6-10% in very low birth weight and ...
Gajdos Vincent - - 2010
Acute bronchiolitis treatment in children and infants is largely supportive, but chest physiotherapy is routinely performed in some countries. In France, national guidelines recommend a specific type of physiotherapy combining the increased exhalation technique (IET) and assisted cough (AC). Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of chest physiotherapy (IET ...
Regier Dean A DA National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK. - - 2010
To estimate the cost-effectiveness (CE) of total body hypothermia plus intensive care versus intensive care alone to treat neonatal encephalopathy. Decision analytic modeling was used to synthesize mortality and morbidity data from three randomized controlled trials, the Total Body Hypothermia for Neonatal Encephalopathy Trial (TOBY), National Institute of Child Health ...
Lasswell Sarah Marie SM Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341, - - 2010
For more than 30 years, guidelines for perinatal regionalization have recommended that very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants be born at highly specialized hospitals, most commonly designated as level III hospitals. Despite these recommendations, some regions continue to have large percentages of VLBW infants born in lower-level hospitals. To evaluate published data ...
Xie R-H - - 2011
Objectives To assess the impact of prenatal and postnatal family support on the association between infant sex and postpartum depression (PPD). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Pregnant women seen at Hunan Maternal and Infant Hospital, the First Affiliated and the Third Affiliated Hospitals of the Central South University in Changsha, ...
Laughon Matthew - - 2011
The incidence of chronic lung disease (CLD) varies among groups defined by their early pattern of respiratory disease. The study examined data collected prospectively on 1204 of the 1506 infants born in 2002-2004 at 23-27 weeks gestation who survived to 36 weeks post-menstrual age. Based on their initial respiratory presentation ...
Uma Ramalingam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in maternal and infant ACE genotypes in early-onset and later-onset pre-eclampsia/toxemia (PET). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 22 cases of early-onset pre-eclampsia (before 34 weeks gestation), 38 cases of later-onset pre-eclampsia (after 34 weeks gestation), and 108 healthy ...
Agarwal Siddharth - - 2010
Three hundred twelve mothers of infants aged 2-4 months in 11 slums of Indore, India, were interviewed to assess birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPACR) among them. The mothers were asked whether they followed the desired four steps while pregnant: identified a trained birth attendant, identified a health facility, arranged ...
Vergani P - - 2010
To identify independent predictors of adverse neonatal outcome in cases of fetal growth restriction (FGR) at > or = 34 weeks. From a cohort of 481 FGR cases delivered at > or = 34 weeks, demographic and obstetric variables, fetal biometry and Doppler indices of the uterine, umbilical and fetal ...
Szajewska Hania H Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2010
To systematically evaluate and update evidence on the efficacy and safety of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis CNCM I-3446 supplementation in preterm infants. The Cochrane Library and MEDLINE databases and major pediatric conference proceedings were searched in December 2008 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The company that manufactures B lactis was ...
Haas David M - - 2011
Objective.?To explore the influence of maternal ethnicity on neonatal outcomes after antenatal corticosteroid administration. Methods.?A retrospective review of ethnicity, maternal factors, and neonatal birth outcomes was performed for preterm births at a single institution. Cases were limited to women who received antenatal corticosteroids. The impact of ethnicity on specific neonatal ...
- - 2010
Late preterm births (340/7-366/7 weeks) account for an increasing proportion of prematurity-associated short-term morbidities, particularly respiratory, that require specialized care and prolonged neonatal hospital stays. To assess short-term respiratory morbidity in late preterm births compared with term births in a contemporary cohort of deliveries in the United States. Retrospective collection ...
Neta Gila - - 2010
We characterized the distribution and determinants of fetal exposures to pesticide mixtures using a cross-sectional study of 297 singletons delivered at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, MD (2004-2005). Concentrations of nine persistent and twelve nonpersistent pesticides were measured in cord serum. Mixtures were identified using principal components analysis. Associations between ...
Johnson Kimberly J KJ Division of Epidemiology/Clinical Research, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2010
Leukemia in infants is rare and has not been well studied apart from leukemia in older children. Differences in survival and the molecular characteristics of leukemia in infants versus older children suggest a distinct etiology, likely involving prenatal factors. We examined the association between eight categories of maternally reported congenital ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
Background Few studies have evaluated the relationship between preterm birth (PTB) and maternal education over time. We sought to determine whether educational inequalities in PTB have increased in Québec, Canada. Methods The authors analysed 2 124 909 singleton live births from 1981 to 2006, and computed the Relative Index of Inequality (RII) ...
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