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Leung Angela M AM Section of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition, Boston University School of Medicine, 88 East Newton St., Boston, MA 02118, USA. - - 2012
Breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine for thyroid hormone production required for neurodevelopment. Dietary iodine among women of childbearing age in the United States may be insufficient. Perchlorate (competitive inhibitor of the sodium/iodide symporter [NIS]) exposure is ubiquitous. Thiocyanate, from cigarettes and diet, is a weaker NIS inhibitor. Environmental perchlorate ...
Kapil Umesh - - 2012
In severe iodine deficient areas, iodine deficiency has been documented to be an important etiological factor leading to poor fetal growth and development. Iodine is essential for physical growth and development of the central nervous system of the fetus. Iodine deficiency in pregnant mothers leads to increased incidence of infertility ...
Milewski Antoni V - - 2012
Pandas are endemic to iodine-poor environments and appear to be specialized for a goitrogenic staple diet. In particular, the importance of thiocyanate in bamboos might possibly have been overlooked in captive breeding programs. Although excreted in urine, thiocyanate first antagonizes absorption of iodine by the thyroid (of parent, fetus and ...
Dilli Dilek - - 2012
To investigate the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in non-thyroidal illness (NTI) in premature infants. Serum levels of IL-6 and CRP, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroxine (T4), free T4 (fT4), total triiodothyronine (T3), and free T3 (fT3) were determined at the 1st, 2nd and 4th weeks of ...
Leung Angela - - 2012
Background: Breastfed infants rely on maternal iodine for thyroid hormone production required for neurodevelopment. Dietary iodine among women of childbearing age in the United States may be insufficient. Perchlorate (competitive inhibitor of the sodium/iodide symporter [NIS]) exposure is ubiquitous. Thiocyanate, from cigarettes and diet, is a weaker NIS inhibitor. Environmental ...
Moore Gregory P - - 2012
To document the rate of surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in extremely premature infants who had received more than one course of indomethacin. Outcomes were compared among three subgroups (ligation, further indomethacin and no further treatment) of infants who received at least one course of indomethacin, and ...
Kochi Mahsa Hoshmand - - 2012
Administration of radioactive iodine to a pregnant woman for thyroid ablation has been shown to affect neonatal thyroid levels. Thus, there is a theoretical risk in affecting a neonate's thyroid level upon birth with prior administration of intravenous contrast containing iodine to a pregnant woman during a computed tomographic scan. ...
Belfort Mandy B - - 2012
Iodine is critical for normal thyroid hormone synthesis and brain development during infancy, and preterm infants are particularly vulnerable to the effects of both iodine deficiency and excess. Use of iodine-containing skin antiseptics in intensive care nurseries has declined substantially in recent years, but whether the current dietary iodine intake ...
Maitusong Riziwanguli - - 2012
It has been 11 years since newborn screening started in Zhejiang in 1999. The aim of this study was to analyze and summarize the status of newborn screening in Zhejiang from 1999 to 2009. Blood samples were collected from the heels of newborns 72 hours after birth. We have conducted ...
Hashemipour Mahin - - 2012
Considering the role of maternal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor blocking antibody (TRAb) in the etiology of congenital hypothyroidism (CH), this study aimed to determine TRAb among patients with CH in Isfahan, Iran. In this case-control study, patients with CH and their mothers were compared with a group of healthy ...
Lista Gianluca - - 2012
Even if non invasive respiratory support is widespread used in the management of respiratory failure, nevertheless mechanical ventilation and surfactant replacement are standard care for many preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The interaction between exogenous surfactant and different modalities of ventilatory support are very important and can influence ...
Obeid Rawad - - 2012
Neonatal hyperthyroidism is a rare condition caused either by transplacental passage of thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins from a mother with Graves' disease or by activating mutations of the thyrotropin receptors and α-subunit of G-protein. The clinical features may vary. We report a case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis in an infant born to a ...
Flannigan Christopher C Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Royal Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Belfast, UK. - - 2012
A 5-week-old male infant was admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit with small bowel obstruction secondary to an inguinal hernia. His postoperative course was complicated by suspected migration of his left internal jugular central venous catheter into branches of the inferior thyroid artery and mediastinum. This resulted in bilateral ...
Gauthier Bruno - - 2011
Infant-directed speech (IDS) is believed to facilitate language learning. However, the benefit may be either due to clearer acoustic correlates to linguistic structures, or simply increased attention from infants induced by IDS exaggerated prosody. This study investigated the pure effect of IDS pitch on lexical tone learning, with attentional/affective factors ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2011
blomqvist y.t., rubertsson c., kylberg e., jöreskog k. & nyqvist k.h. (2011) Kangaroo Mother Care helps fathers of preterm infants gain confidence in the paternal role. Journal of Advanced Nursing 00(0), 000-000. ABSTRACT: Aim.  This article is a report on a descriptive study of fathers' experiences of providing their preterm infants ...
Azad Meghan B - - 2012
Perinatal programming, a dominant theory for the origins of cardiovascular disease, proposes that environmental stimuli influence developmental pathways during critical periods of prenatal and postnatal development, inducing permanent changes in metabolism. In this paper, we present evidence for the perinatal programming of asthma via the intestinal microbiome. While epigenetic mechanisms ...
Montirosso Rosario - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the early interaction between mothers and their infants with cleft lip, assessing the role of maternal affective state and expressiveness and differences in infant temperament. METHODS: Mother-infant interactions were assessed in 25 2-month-old infants with cleft lip and 25 age-matched healthy infants. Self-report and behavioral observations ...
Michie Colin A - - 2011
Neonatologists and paediatricians have a crucial role working with mothers at the most nutritionally challenged point in their lives and that of their infants. This position of responsibility is particularly important in tackling the re-emerging problem of hypovitaminosis D. In this overview the role of vitamin D, its contribution to ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2011
To clarify the relationship between preterm birth (PTB) and extreme weather events, we evaluated PTB during a January 1998 ice storm that had led to a provincial emergency in the middle of winter in the province of Québec, Canada. Singleton live births for three periods (1993-1997, 1998, 1999-2003) were obtained ...
Fernández Antonio - - 2011
Citrobacter freundii, a gram-negative enterobacterium, may cause fatal septicemia in humans and animals. Its potential pathogenic role in cetaceans (bottlenose dolphins and beluga whales) has been hypothesized. Here we describe fatal C. freundii septicemia in a stranded newborn Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris).
Hairston Ilana S IS Psychiatry Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, USA. - - 2011
Children of parents who experienced trauma often present emotional and behavioral problems, a phenomenon named inter-generational transmission of trauma (IGTT). Combined with antenatal factors, parenting and the home environment contribute to the development and maintenance of sleep problems in children. In turn, infant sleep difficulty predicts behavioral and emotional problems ...
Dirks Tineke - - 2011
During the past two decades, awareness of the role of the family in the child's life has increased and the term 'family-centred services' (FCS) has been introduced to facilitate care for children with special needs and their families. It is, however, unclear how various early intervention programmes incorporate family involvement ...
Lori S - - 2011
Neonatal encephalopathy is a significant cause of infant mortality and morbidity with risk of neurological sequelae in the survivors of neonates admitted to Neonatal (N) Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The EEG and Evoked Potentials (EPs) are very informative in the ICU. In particular, it is known that the SomatoSensory (SS) ...
Solmeyer Anna R - - 2011
We explored how parent gender, infant temperament, and coparenting dynamics worked together to shape mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms, stress, and parental efficacy during early parenthood. We were interested in the coparenting relationship as a context that shapes how parents respond to their infant's temperamental qualities. Participants were 139 couples ...
Bastek Jamie A - - 2011
Much emphasis in recent decades has been devoted to inflammation and infection as a premier causal mechanism of preterm birth. This article explores the epidemiologic, clinical, and animal data that exist to support this conceptual paradigm as well as proposed mechanisms through which to potentially mitigate the adversity of prematurity. ...
Ryan Julia A - - 2011
To compare low birth weight (LBW: <2,500 g) between infants born to adolescent and adult mothers in Iquitos, Peru. A random sample of 4,467 records of women who delivered at the Hospital Apoyo Iquitos between 2005 and 2007 was collected from hospital birth registries. Multivariate logistic and linear regression analyses were ...
Senju Atsushi - - 2011
In the research reported here, we investigated whether 18-month-olds would use their own past experience of visual access to attribute perception and consequent beliefs to other people. Infants in this study wore either opaque blindfolds (opaque condition) or trick blindfolds that looked opaque but were actually transparent (trick condition). Then ...
Conrad Nicole J - - 2011
Caregivers around the world sing to their infants. Infants not only prefer to listen to infant-directed singing over adult-directed singing, but infant-directed singing also serves a function, communicating affective information to preverbal infants to aid in adjusting arousal levels. Pitch variation has previously been identified as one performance feature that ...
Kunze Mirjam - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate colonization, transmission rate and serotype distribution of group B streptococci (GBS) in pregnant women and infants born in a single University Center in Germany. Methods: In a prospective study we collected cultures from pregnant women and ear cultures from newborns. We performed serotyping and susceptibility testing. ...
Kébé K - - 2011
The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the NucliSENS EasyQ HIV-1 v1.2 platform (bioMérieux, France) to the Amplicor HIV-1 DNA test v1.5 (Roche Molecular Systems, Switzerland) in detecting HIV-1 infection in infants using venipuncture-derived whole blood in tubes and dried blood spots. A total of 149 ...
Schüz Joachim - - 2011
Little is known about causes of Wilms tumor. Because of the young age at diagnosis, several studies have looked at various birth characteristics. We conducted a registry-based case-control study involving 690 cases of Wilms tumor aged 0-14 years, occurring in Denmark, Finland, Norway or Sweden during 1985-2006, individually matched to ...
Mattéi Jérôme - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Relationship between respiratory morbidity and influenza virus has been well-documented in infants, whatever their age. However, in spite of severe cardiac and respiratory events of central origin, autonomic dysfunction potentially induced by this virus is poorly understood. We thus explored the autonomic nervous system (ANS) profile of infected infants ...
Kaur Satnam - - 2011
Objective: To check the validity of Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) algorithm for young infants (0-2 months). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: The outpatient department and emergency room of a medical college attached hospital. Methods: 419 infants (176 between 0-7 days, 243 between 7 days and 2 ...
Gaschignard Jean - - 2011
Neonatal bacterial meningitis remains a severe infectious disease with mortality rates varying between 10% and 15%. The clinical and bacteriologic features of neonatal meningitis collected from January 2001 to December 2007 in a French national survey are presented here. Cases of neonatal meningitis were prospectively collected by a network of ...
Henningsen Anna-Karina Aaris - - 2011
To compare the perinatal outcome of singleton siblings conceived differently. National population-based registry study. Denmark, from 1994 to 2008. Pairs of siblings (13,692 pairs; n = 27,384 children) conceived after IVF, intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI), frozen embryo replacement (FER), or spontaneous conception subcategorized into five groups according to succession: [1] ...
Shao Zhong-Jun - - 2011
Over 90% of infants infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) caused by mother-to-infant transmission will evolve to carrier status, and this cannot be prevented until widespread administration of the HB vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) is implemented. This prospective study of 214 infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers was ...
O'Connell K - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a potentially life-threatening infection in premature infants. We report an outbreak involving four infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of our hospital that occurred in February 2010. RSV A infection was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Palivizumab was administered to all infants ...
Nair Priya - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the technical challenges, efficacy, complications and maternal and infant outcomes associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pregnant or postpartum patients during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. METHODS: Twelve critically ill pregnant and postpartum women were included in this retrospective observational ...
Mosayebi Z - - 2011
Outbreaks of sepsis due to water or contaminated equipment can cause significant mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. We studied an outbreak among neonates caused by flavobacterium and investigated the characteristics of the infected neonates, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and the source of the outbreak. Forty-five neonates with documented flavobacterium ...
Long Sarah S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the clinical presentation of HSV-infected young infants and to seek distinctive features that could permit a targeted approach to empiric use of acyclovir. METHODS:: Case study of neonatal HSV during a 22-year period of an institutional strategy of consistent use of acyclovir empirically in all infants with ...
Townsend Claire L - - 2011
To explore the presentation and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) identified through routine clinical investigations, and ascertain outcome in early childhood. Active population-based surveillance. UK and Ireland. Infants born in 2001-2002 with confirmed or suspected congenital CMV infection were reported through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit, and clinicians completed questionnaires ...
Foxwell Alice Ruth - - 2011
We estimated the potential benefits of advancing the first dose of pertussis vaccine for infants from 8 to 6 weeks of age, using Australian national disease databases. Infants had notification rates 3-fold greater than the general population and accounted for 52% of recorded hospitalizations. Infants 1 and 2 months of ...
Maraqa Nizar F - - 2011
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a well-known nosocomial pathogen of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and can cause both serious infections in preterm neonates and prolonged MRSA outbreaks in NICUs. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of and identify risk factors for MRSA colonization and infection in the ...
Macdonald Tracy M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To interrupt transmission of Serratia marcescens colonization in a neonatal intensive care unit and determine the source of ongoing transmission. DESIGN:: Multidisciplinary outbreak investigation and simulation of droplet generation by a high-frequency oscillator using fluorescent dye. SETTING:: Level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS:: Very low birth weight premature ...
Pannaraj P S - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate safety of oseltamivir in neonates with significant comorbidities in a level-III neonatal intensive care unit during an outbreak of 2009 H1N1 influenza.Study Design:We performed a retrospective chart review of neonates who received oseltamivir for treatment and prophylaxis of influenza during the outbreak.Result:A total of 11 neonates received twice ...
Depasquale John M - - 2011
The objectives of this study are (1) to design an accurate method for linking newborn screening (NBS) and state birth certificate databases to create a de-identified study database; (2) To assess maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) seroprevalence by measuring CMV IgG in newborn dried blood spots; (3) To assess congenital CMV infection ...
Mammas Ioannis N - - 2011
Both respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV), a recently discovered respiratory pathogen classified in the Paramyxoviridae family, have been associated with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) in infants. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and clinical features of hMPV infection in infants presenting with ...
Ehrenthal Deborah B - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to explore state-level fetal death rates and <24 h infant mortality rates for deliveries less than 500 g in order to estimate outcomes classification differences at the edge of viability. We selected singleton deliveries to US resident mothers born <500 g and >20 weeks ...
Ndokera R - - 2011
Background  Post-partum depression affects many new mothers. In the developing world, there may be an association between post-partum depression and adverse mortality-related infant health. Such associations have been found in South Asia; however, findings are inconsistent in Africa. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of such research in rural ...
Moshfeghi Andrew A - - 2011
To determine the incidence of neonatal endogenous endophthalmitis in the United States between 1998 and 2006 and to identify associated risk factors. Retrospective cohort study. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, a 20% representative sample of all hospital discharges in the United States, to help refine our understanding of ...
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