Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1377
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Schüz Joachim - - 2011
Little is known about causes of Wilms tumor. Because of the young age at diagnosis, several studies have looked at various birth characteristics. We conducted a registry-based case-control study involving 690 cases of Wilms tumor aged 0-14 years, occurring in Denmark, Finland, Norway or Sweden during 1985-2006, individually matched to ...
Mattéi Jérôme - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Relationship between respiratory morbidity and influenza virus has been well-documented in infants, whatever their age. However, in spite of severe cardiac and respiratory events of central origin, autonomic dysfunction potentially induced by this virus is poorly understood. We thus explored the autonomic nervous system (ANS) profile of infected infants ...
Kaur Satnam - - 2011
Objective: To check the validity of Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) algorithm for young infants (0-2 months). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: The outpatient department and emergency room of a medical college attached hospital. Methods: 419 infants (176 between 0-7 days, 243 between 7 days and 2 ...
Gaschignard Jean - - 2011
Neonatal bacterial meningitis remains a severe infectious disease with mortality rates varying between 10% and 15%. The clinical and bacteriologic features of neonatal meningitis collected from January 2001 to December 2007 in a French national survey are presented here. Cases of neonatal meningitis were prospectively collected by a network of ...
Henningsen Anna-Karina Aaris - - 2011
To compare the perinatal outcome of singleton siblings conceived differently. National population-based registry study. Denmark, from 1994 to 2008. Pairs of siblings (13,692 pairs; n = 27,384 children) conceived after IVF, intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI), frozen embryo replacement (FER), or spontaneous conception subcategorized into five groups according to succession: [1] ...
Shao Zhong-Jun - - 2011
Over 90% of infants infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) caused by mother-to-infant transmission will evolve to carrier status, and this cannot be prevented until widespread administration of the HB vaccine and hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) is implemented. This prospective study of 214 infants born to HBsAg-positive mothers was ...
O'Connell K - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a potentially life-threatening infection in premature infants. We report an outbreak involving four infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of our hospital that occurred in February 2010. RSV A infection was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Palivizumab was administered to all infants ...
Nair Priya - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe the technical challenges, efficacy, complications and maternal and infant outcomes associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pregnant or postpartum patients during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. METHODS: Twelve critically ill pregnant and postpartum women were included in this retrospective observational ...
Mosayebi Z - - 2011
Outbreaks of sepsis due to water or contaminated equipment can cause significant mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. We studied an outbreak among neonates caused by flavobacterium and investigated the characteristics of the infected neonates, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and the source of the outbreak. Forty-five neonates with documented flavobacterium ...
Long Sarah S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the clinical presentation of HSV-infected young infants and to seek distinctive features that could permit a targeted approach to empiric use of acyclovir. METHODS:: Case study of neonatal HSV during a 22-year period of an institutional strategy of consistent use of acyclovir empirically in all infants with ...
Townsend Claire L - - 2011
To explore the presentation and management of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) identified through routine clinical investigations, and ascertain outcome in early childhood. Active population-based surveillance. UK and Ireland. Infants born in 2001-2002 with confirmed or suspected congenital CMV infection were reported through the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit, and clinicians completed questionnaires ...
Foxwell Alice Ruth - - 2011
We estimated the potential benefits of advancing the first dose of pertussis vaccine for infants from 8 to 6 weeks of age, using Australian national disease databases. Infants had notification rates 3-fold greater than the general population and accounted for 52% of recorded hospitalizations. Infants 1 and 2 months of ...
Maraqa Nizar F - - 2011
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a well-known nosocomial pathogen of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients and can cause both serious infections in preterm neonates and prolonged MRSA outbreaks in NICUs. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of and identify risk factors for MRSA colonization and infection in the ...
Macdonald Tracy M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To interrupt transmission of Serratia marcescens colonization in a neonatal intensive care unit and determine the source of ongoing transmission. DESIGN:: Multidisciplinary outbreak investigation and simulation of droplet generation by a high-frequency oscillator using fluorescent dye. SETTING:: Level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS:: Very low birth weight premature ...
Pannaraj P S - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate safety of oseltamivir in neonates with significant comorbidities in a level-III neonatal intensive care unit during an outbreak of 2009 H1N1 influenza.Study Design:We performed a retrospective chart review of neonates who received oseltamivir for treatment and prophylaxis of influenza during the outbreak.Result:A total of 11 neonates received twice ...
Depasquale John M - - 2011
The objectives of this study are (1) to design an accurate method for linking newborn screening (NBS) and state birth certificate databases to create a de-identified study database; (2) To assess maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) seroprevalence by measuring CMV IgG in newborn dried blood spots; (3) To assess congenital CMV infection ...
Mammas Ioannis N - - 2011
Both respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV), a recently discovered respiratory pathogen classified in the Paramyxoviridae family, have been associated with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) in infants. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and clinical features of hMPV infection in infants presenting with ...
Ehrenthal Deborah B - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to explore state-level fetal death rates and <24 h infant mortality rates for deliveries less than 500 g in order to estimate outcomes classification differences at the edge of viability. We selected singleton deliveries to US resident mothers born <500 g and >20 weeks ...
Ndokera R - - 2011
Background  Post-partum depression affects many new mothers. In the developing world, there may be an association between post-partum depression and adverse mortality-related infant health. Such associations have been found in South Asia; however, findings are inconsistent in Africa. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of such research in rural ...
Moshfeghi Andrew A - - 2011
To determine the incidence of neonatal endogenous endophthalmitis in the United States between 1998 and 2006 and to identify associated risk factors. Retrospective cohort study. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, a 20% representative sample of all hospital discharges in the United States, to help refine our understanding of ...
Yang Ya-Wen - - 2011
Previous research regarding pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriasis either used selective hospital-based data, or analyzed obstetric, but not infant-specific, outcomes. We sought to investigate whether maternal psoriasis was associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, compared with unaffected mothers, in an unselected nationwide population-based data set. In total, ...
Madzivhandila Mashudu - - 2011
Serotype-specific polysaccharide based group B streptococcus (GBS) vaccines are being developed. An understanding of the serotype epidemiology associated with maternal colonization and invasive disease in infants is necessary to determine the potential coverage of serotype-specific GBS vaccines. Colonizing GBS isolates were identified by vaginal swabbing of mothers during active labor ...
Amaral Eliana - - 2011
Auditing of sentinel health events based on best-practice protocols has been recommended. This study describes a population-based investigation on adverse perinatal events including severe acute maternal morbidity (near-miss), maternal and perinatal mortality, as a health intervention to help improve the surveillance system. From October to December 2005, all cases of ...
Chiavarini Manuela - - 2011
Breastfeeding has a major impact on CMV epidemiology. Postnatal CMV reactivation's incidence during lactation is nearby the maternal seroprevalence. Although perinatal CMV infection has practically no consequences in term newborn, it may cause, in some cases, a severe symptomatic disease in preterm newborns. The aims of the present study are ...
Hayashi S - - 2010
Objective:We prospectively evaluated the rate of postnatal cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission through breast milk in extremely premature infants to address the impact of CMV infection on preterm infants during lactation.Study Design:A total of 25 mothers and 27 infants (two sets of twins) with birth weights <1000 g and/or gestational ages <28 weeks ...
van der Weiden S - - 2011
Congenital infections are associated with a wide variety of clinical symptoms, including small for gestational age (SGA). To determine the co-occurrence of SGA and congenital TORCH infections, as diagnosed by TORCH serologic tests and/or cytomegalovirus (CMV) urine culture. We performed a retrospective study of all neonates admitted to our neonatal ...
Welmerink Diana B - - 2010
To determine whether maternal infertility treatment is associated with adverse outcomes. Population-based cohort study using linked birth certificate-hospital discharge data. Washington State. Live-born singleton infants conceived with infertility treatment between 2003 and 2006 (n = 2,182) and a random sample of live-born singleton infants conceived spontaneously, frequency matched by birth ...
Zanardo V - - 2010
Meconium obstruction has been viewed as a cause of bowel dysfunction and poorer outcome in preterm neonates. This study investigated whether the need of meconium induction over the 7th postnatal day would relate with later bowel habit development. The study was carried out at the Department of Pediatrics, University of ...
Slater Alan - - 2010
Face perception remains one of the most intensively researched areas in psychology and allied disciplines, and there has been much debate regarding the early origins and experiential determinants of face processing. This article reviews studies, the majority of which have appeared in the past decade, that discuss possible mechanisms underlying ...
McGrath Eric J - - 2011
Objective.  To investigate the mode of transmission of and assess control measures for an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant (multidrug-resistant) Acinetobacter baumannii infection involving 6 premature infants. Design.  An outbreak investigation based on medical record review was performed for each neonate during the outbreak (from November 2008 through January 2009) in conjunction ...
Manimunda S P - - 2010
SUMMARYPort Blair, the capital city of the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the republic of India, witnessed an outbreak of chikungunya (CHIK) fever in 2006. Although no deaths attributable to CHIK fever were registered, thousands of people were affected. In view of evidence from other parts of ...
Wang Ting - - 2011
To determine the association between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in Chinese women. Data were obtained from a population-based perinatal care program in China during 1993-2005. Women whose height and weight information was recorded at the first prenatal visit in ...
Been J V - - 2011
There is debate concerning the safety and efficacy of antenatal steroids in preterm labour with suspected intrauterine infection (chorioamnionitis). We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis aimed at evaluating the efficacy and safety of antenatal steroids in clinical and histological chorioamnionitis. MEDLINE, EMBASE, BioMed Central and the Cochrane databases ...
Rahman Anisur - - 2010
Millions of people worldwide are drinking water with elevated arsenic concentrations. Epidemiologic studies, mainly cross-sectional in design, have suggested that arsenic in drinking water may affect pregnancy outcome and infant health. We assessed the association of arsenic exposure with adverse pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality in a prospective cohort study ...
Teo Wan Yee - - 2010
Parainfluenza type 3 virus (PIV-3) is an important nosocomial pathogen which causes pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants. We report an outbreak of PIV-3 respiratory infection which occurred in the neonatal unit of KK Hospital in June 2005. This is the second PIV-3 outbreak in our unit after the fi rst ...
Graner Sophie - - 2010
Population-based estimations of perinatal and neonatal outcomes are sparse in Vietnam. There are no previously published data on small for gestational age (SGA) infants. A rural population in northern Vietnam was investigated from 1999 to 2005 (n=5521). Based on the birthweight distributions within the population under study, reference curves for ...
van Rossem Lenie L The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2011
Breastfeeding and infant weight change are both associated with adiposity. We examined the extent to which infant weight change mediates the association between breastfeeding and adiposity at age 3 years. We studied 884 children in a prospective cohort study. We determined breastfeeding status in the first 6 months. Our primary ...
Linabery A M - - 2010
Prenatal supplementation has been inversely associated with childhood, but not with infant, leukaemia. Mothers of 443 cases of infant leukaemia diagnosed during 1996-2006 and 324 frequency-matched controls completed interviews. Associations were evaluated by unconditional logistic regression. We observed no associations between prenatal vitamin (odds ratio (OR)=0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI): ...
Hendson Leonora - - 2011
To determine survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months corrected age among very low birth weight infants ≤32 weeks gestation with histologic chorioamnionitis. Observational, regionalized, single-center cohort study with prospective follow-up. Of the 628 infants meeting the selection criteria, 303 (48%) were born to mothers with evidence of histologic chorioamnonitis. ...
Fujii Kumiko - - 2010
This study aims to clarify (i) the incidence of pressure ulcers in neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and (ii) risk factors of pressure ulcer development. All infants admitted to the NICU and kept in incubators from seven hospitals during the study period were recruited to the ...
Escobar Gabriel J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between recurrent wheezing (RW) in the third year of life and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, prematurity, and neonatal oxygen exposure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study linking inpatient, outpatient, and laboratory databases for cohort assembly and logistic regression analysis. SETTING: Integrated health care delivery system in ...
Johnson Brian - - 2010
In 1999, a US case-control study demonstrated a strong association between intussusception and a rotavirus vaccine (Rotashield). However, because most (87%) cases were not temporally associated with vaccination, we reanalyzed these data to assess risk factors for intussusception cases unrelated to Rotashield. Case-patients were infants with intussusception between November 1998 ...
Scheiwe Anja A Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London WC1E 6BT, UK. - - 2010
In a 4-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, this study aimed to evaluate the longer-term effects of a peer-led infant feeding intervention that was delivered during the first year of life. The original intervention used monthly home visits from trained volunteers to improve infant feeding practices among a sample ...
Schmitt J - - 2011
Cross-sectional studies suggest an association between eczema and mental health problems, possibly modified by sleeping problems, but prospective evidence is missing. We aimed to prospectively investigate the relationship between infant eczema (within first 2 years of age), infant sleeping problems (within first 2 years of age), and the risk of ...
Chisti Mohammod J - - 2010
To evaluate rapid and simple laboratory investigations to predict fatal outcome in infants presenting with diarrhoea and severe malnutrition. Retrospective chart analysis of infants with severe malnutrition and diarrhoea with (cases) and without fatal outcome (controls) admitted to the Special Care Ward in Dhaka Hospital at ICDDR,B between May 2005 ...
Simbruner Georg - - 2010
Mild hypothermia after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) reduces neurologic sequelae without significant adverse effects, but studies are needed to determine the most-efficacious methods. In the neo.nEURO.network trial, term neonates with clinical and electrophysiological evidence of HIE were assigned randomly to either a control group, with a rectal temperature of 37°C ...
Mallol Javier - - 2010
Recurrent wheezing (RW) during the first year of life is a major cause of respiratory morbidity worldwide, yet there are no studies on its prevalence at an international level. A study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of RW in infants during their first year of life in affluent and ...
Vollrath Margarete E - - 2011
This study investigated whether infants' temperament at 18 months is associated with the feeding of foods and drinks that may increase the risk for later obesity. This was a cross-sectional study of mothers and infants (N = 40 266) participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by ...
Griffith Margaret Irene - - 2011
Preeclampsia and eclampsia (PE) are potentially modifiable risk factors for maternofetal complications. Owing to a paucity of research connecting PE to the risk of intellectual disability (ID) in the offspring, this study examined this relationship. Furthermore, we explored how low birth weight (LBW) mediates the effect of PE on ID. ...
Beurskens Leonardus W J E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Genetic analyses in humans suggest a role for retinoid-related genes in the pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The goal of this study was to investigate the vitamin A status of mothers and their newborns in association with CDH. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, case-control study with 22 case ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >