Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1377
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Feja Kristina N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors for late-onset candidemia among infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a matched case-control study from March 2001 to January 2003 in 2 level III-IV NICUs. Case subjects had candidemia diagnosed more than 48 hours after hospitalization. Control subjects (3 ...
von Dadelszen Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal hypertension might improve perinatal outcome among small for gestational age (SGA) infants (< 10th percentile). METHODS: Our prospective cohort comprised 17 Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and 3,244 SGA singletons. Multivariable regression was used to analyze the relation between maternal hypertension and each of ...
Conde-Agudelo Agustin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether interpregnancy interval is independently associated with increased risk of perinatal death and other adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We investigated the effect of interpregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in 1,125,430 pregnancies recorded in the Perinatal Information System database of the Latin American Center for Perinatology and Human ...
Lee Janet - - 2005
Some infants with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAS) experience development of cerebral palsy (CP), epilepsy, and cognitive impairment, whereas others have a normal outcome. Previous prognostic studies rarely have included all diagnosed cases of PAS within a population. Among 199,176 infants born within Kaiser Permanente from 1997 to 2002, we ...
Moliterno Luiz Flávio Martins - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To verify a possible association between periodontitis and low-birth-weight babies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one mothers were examined. The case group included 76 mothers (mean age 25.6 years), whose babies at birth weighed <2500 g and had a gestational age (GA) <37 weeks, while 75 mothers (mean ...
Coco Teresa J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe the epidemiology of ingestions in infants 6 months of age or younger. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from a convenience sample of poison center cases in infants younger than 6 months of age from December 28, 2002, to December 28, 2003, was reviewed. ...
Mitani Minoru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal events associated with adverse outcome in babies at less than 32 weeks of gestation in cases of cervical insufficiency and preterm labor (PTL)/premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was performed using a logistic regression model at 17 tertiary hospitals in Japan. ...
Canhão Patrícia - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The causes of death of patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) have not been systematically addressed in previous studies. We aimed to analyze the causes and predictors of death during the acute phase of CVT in the International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis (ISCVT) ...
Hnat Michael D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare perinatal outcomes among women with conservatively treated preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24 to 32 weeks of gestation in the presence or absence of vaginal bleeding. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of 581 women with and without vaginal ...
Jordan Sue - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of intrapartum analgesia on infant feeding at hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Maternity unit of a UK district general hospital. POPULATION: A random sample of 425 healthy primiparae delivering healthy singleton babies at term in 2000. METHODS: A random sample of primiparae delivering term ...
Shetty Sharmila S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to determine risks factors for late onset candidemia, independent of birth weight, in newborn infants. METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study. Cases were identified through active, population-based surveillance for candidemia, conducted in Baltimore City and County during 1998-2000, and were defined as the incident isolation ...
Kleijer Monique E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pregnancies being complicated by the birth of a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant were analysed in a socio-economically disadvantaged area, with separate analysis for population-based and customized-based birth weight percentiles. METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled study of all singleton pregnancies resulting in the birth of an infant with ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
In this study we wanted to determine if the risk for adverse neonatal outcome among omphalocele-affected fetuses is increased among older gravidas. This was a retrospective cohort study on live-born infants with omphalocele delivered in New York State from 1983 through 1999. We compared infants of older (>or=35 years) with ...
Hagendorens M M - - 2005
To evaluate the influence of perinatal environmental factors on early sensitization, atopic dermatitis and wheezing during the first year. Information on pregnancy-related factors, parental atopic history, environmental factors and the clinical course of the infant until age one was gathered by questionnaires, as part of a prospective birth cohort study ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the role of progesterone in preterm birth prevention. METHODS: A MEDLINE search (from 1966 to the present; date of last search January 2005) was performed - using the key words progesterone, pregnancy, preterm birth, preterm labor, and randomized, controlled trial - ...
Francois Karrie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations. METHODS: This was a historical cohort study comparing the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations at Banner Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2001. RESULTS: During ...
Feresu Shingairai A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Death of an infant in utero or at birth has always been a devastating experience for the mother and of concern in clinical practice. Infant mortality remains a challenge in the care of pregnant women worldwide, but particularly for developing countries and the need to understand contributory factors is ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Estimating the risk of in-hospital mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit provides important information for health care providers, and several neonatal illness severity scores have been developed. Histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is a known cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. To date, the relationship between HCA and neonatal illness ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether admission hospital type (13 perinatal centers vs 4 freestanding pediatric hospitals) was associated with differences in risk and illness severity adjusted mortality and morbidity among outborn preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Records of singleton outborn infants < or =32 weeks' gestational age (n = 605) admitted to ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether advanced maternal age is associated withfetal growth inhibition in triplets. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on triplet live births in the United States from 1995 through 1998. The outcomes of fetal growth inhibition measured were low birth weight, very low birth weight, preterm ...
Relton Caroline L - - 2005
The extent to which maternal folate and vitamin B12 modulate infant birth weight is unclear. The present study investigated mothers in early gestation (mean 11.5 (sd 5.8) weeks) and neonates, at delivery. Erythrocyte (RBC) folate (mothers: n 683; neonates: n 614) and vitamin B12 (mothers: n 534; neonates: n 614) ...
Pierrat V - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of newborn encephalopathy in term live births, and also the underlying diagnoses, timing, and outcome at 2 years of surviving infants. DESIGN: Population based observational study. SETTING: North Pas-de-Calais area of France, January to December 2000. PATIENTS: All 90 neonates with moderate or severe newborn ...
Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The interval between births is associated with child survival in the developing world. We aimed to investigate associations between use of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate and other reversible contraception and short birth intervals in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Data from successive Demographic and Health Surveys undertaken in nine African countries were analyzed. ...
Sagiv Sharon K - - 2005
Preterm delivery can lead to serious infant health outcomes, including death and lifelong disability. Small increases in preterm delivery risk in relation to spatial gradients of air pollution have been reported, but previous studies may have controlled inadequately for individual factors. Using a time-series analysis, which eliminates potential confounding by ...
Mostafavi Behrouz - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study perinatal characteristics as risk factors for developing primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: This was a case control study with extraction of information from birth records comprising 32 cases with SS (fulfilling the unified American-European classification criteria) and 159 controls. Cases were selected from a patient register of ...
Coleman Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether infants exposed to tocolytics are at increased risk for selected adverse clinical and hospitalization outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cohort study of women with preterm labor, in Washington State from 1989 to 2001 (N=79,679), using linked hospitalization records. Relative risks for infant outcomes were ...
Wilson-Costello Deanne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal care have resulted in increased survival rates for extremely low birth weight children. We sought to examine the relative changes in rates of survival and neurodevelopmental impairment at 20 months of corrected age among 500- to 999-g birth weight infants born at our perinatal center during ...
Cederholm Maria - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling increase the risk of postural deformities, limb reduction defects, respiratory problems in the newborn, fetal and infant mortality, prematurity, low birthweight and fetal distress, and to investigate the impact of gestational length at the time of the procedure. DESIGN: A population-based ...
Dalrymple John L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Describe the obstetric outcomes among women in California with pregnancy associated cervical cancer. METHODS: Cases were identified utilizing computer-linked infant birth/death certificates, discharge records, and cancer registry files, and then assigned to a prenatal or post-partum cancer diagnosis group. Outcomes included cesarean delivery, hospitalizations, birth weight, prematurity, and infant ...
Williams Thomas N - - 2005
Although the alpha+ thalassemias almost certainly confer protection against death from malaria, this has not been formally documented. We have conducted a study involving 655 case patients with rigorously defined severe malaria and 648 controls, frequency matched on area of residence and ethnic group. The prevalence of both heterozygous and ...
Porter Michael P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Maternal risk factors for hypospadias are poorly defined, and there is debate about temporal trends in hypospadias prevalence. We examined select maternal characteristics as possible risk factors for hypospadias among male offspring and evaluated yearly prevalence rates in Washington State. METHODS: We performed a population-based, case-control study using linked ...
Williams Laura J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An increase in the rate of gastroschisis has been documented by birth defects surveillance systems in the United States and in other countries. This study sought to evaluate historical trends in the rate of gastroschisis in Atlanta, Georgia, and to describe the epidemiology of gastroschisis over 33 years. METHODS: ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In preterm infants, chronic lung disease (CLD) is associated with an increased risk for cerebral palsy (CP). However, systemic postnatal corticosteroid therapy to prevent or treat CLD, although effective in improving lung function, may cause CP. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of systemic postnatal ...
Hintz Susan R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a significant complication for the premature infant. However, subsequent neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with NEC have not been well described. We hypothesized that ELBW infants with surgically managed (SurgNEC) are at greater risk for poor neurodevelopmental and growth ...
Young Jessica G - - 2005
The detrimental effects of organophosphate pesticide (OP) exposure on neurodevelopment have been shown in animals. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between in utero and early postnatal OP exposure and neonatal neurobehavior in humans, as measured by seven clusters (habituation, orientation, motor performance, range of state, regulation of ...
Kaijser Magnus - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroesophageal reflux is common among preterm infants and those who are small for gestational age, and it is a strong risk factor for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. METHODS: In a cohort of 3364 individuals born preterm and/or small for gestational age between 1925 and 1949, we assessed ...
Deulofeut Richard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether mode of delivery is a predictor of poor short-term outcome at different birth weight categories in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: This study examined a cohort of infants weighing less than 1,251 g born at 2 perinatal centers from January 1, 2000, to December 31, ...
Laptook Abbot R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Severe abnormalities of the head ultrasound (HUS) are important predictors of cerebral palsy (CP) and mental retardation, and a normal HUS usually ensures the absence of major impairments. With the increasing survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants (birth weight <1000 g), the prognostic significance of a normal ...
Hintz S R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To compare mortality and death or major morbidity (DOMM) among infants <25 weeks estimated gestational age (EGA) born during two post-surfactant era time periods. STUDY DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Comparative cohort study of very low birthweight (501-1500 g) infants <25 weeks EGA in the NICHD Neonatal Research Network born during ...
Tran Uyen - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy (CP). The greatest risk is for infants born <28 weeks' gestation. AIMS: To identify significant neonatal risk factors for CP and explore the interactions between antenatal and neonatal risk factors, among extremely preterm infants of 27 weeks' gestation ...
Lee Janet - - 2005
CONTEXT: Perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAS) is a common cause of hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Risk factors for this condition have not been clearly defined. OBJECTIVE: To determine maternal and infant characteristics associated with PAS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Case-control study nested within the cohort of all 199,176 infants born from ...
Sanchez-Ramos Luis - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated systematic review with meta-analysis to further elucidate the efficacy of progestational agents for the prevention of preterm births in patients at elevated risk. DATA SOURCES: Computerized databases, references in published studies, and textbook chapters in all languages were used to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) ...
Li Xiaomao - - 2005
Results on the effect of ritodrine in the treatment of preterm labour are different all over the world. Therefore, a concrete conclusion cannot be drawn from a single randomized control trial (RCT). In this study, we selected a large number of RCTs worldwide on the treatment of preterm labour comparing ...
Jarjoura Karim - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to explore the relationship between clinical, microbiologic, and serologic markers of periodontitis and preterm birth (PTB). STUDY DESIGN: We compared women with a singleton gestation giving birth before the 37th week (cases, n = 83) with term delivery controls (n = 120). Periodontal examination and ...
Neufeld Michael D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that term and preterm infants exposed to maternal infection at the time of delivery are at increased risk of developing cerebral palsy (CP). STUDY DESIGN: A population-based case-control study was conducted using Washington State birth certificate data linked to hospital discharge data. Cases (688) were ...
Sleeman Karen L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most children are believed to acquire Streptococcus pneumoniae asymptomatically, with only a few developing overt S. pneumoniae disease. This study investigates the relationship between acquisition of S. pneumoniae and mild nonspecific infection leading to general practitioner (GP) consultation. METHODS: A prospective birth cohort study of 213 infants assessed at ...
Mendola Pauline - - 2005
Contaminated sport fish consumption may result in exposure to various reproductive and developmental toxicants, including pesticides and other suspected endocrine disruptors. We investigated the relation between maternal sport fish meals and risk of major birth defects among infants born to members of the New York State (NYS) Angler Cohort between ...
De León Ana Lilia Ponce-Ponce - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of the PRISM III (pediatric risk of mortality) score with the infant outcome in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), and to determine if this score could be simplified. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out with 170 infants who were consecutively admitted to ...
Rønnestad Arild - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence, causes, predictors, and outcomes of septicemia in the first week of life in a national cohort of extremely premature infants. METHODS: A prospective study of survival of all infants with gestational age of <28 weeks or birth weight of <1000 g who were born in ...
Graham John M JM - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Medical dictionaries and anthropologic sources define brachycephaly as a cranial index (CI = width divided by length x 100%) greater than 81%. We examine the impact of supine sleeping on CI and compare orthotic treatment with repositioning. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the effect of repositioning versus helmet therapy on ...
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