Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1411
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Malm Heli - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We performed a population-based study of women exposed to SSRIs during pregnancy (n = 1782). Data were derived from a national project in Finland, established by 3 governmental organizations. In that project, the Drug Reimbursement ...
Medda Emanuela - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for permanent and transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH). DESIGN: A population-based case-control study was carried out by using the network created in Italy for the National Register of Infants with CH. METHODS: Four controls were enrolled for each new CH infant; 173 cases and 690 controls ...
Galland Barbara C - - 2006
To assess the influence of intrauterine growth retardation and postnatal development on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac reflexes, we studied 27 healthy small for gestational age (SGA) and 23 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants during a nap study. Resting HRV was assessed by point dispersion of Poincaré plots ...
Mutabingwa Theonest K - - 2005
In endemic areas, placental malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum is most frequent and severe in first-time mothers, and increases the risk of infant mortality in their offspring. Placental malaria may increase the susceptibility of infants to malaria parasitemia, but evidence for this effect is inconclusive. During 2002-2004, we monitored parasitemia ...
Jedrychowski Wieslaw - - 2006
The aim of the study is to assess the cognitive and psychomotor status of 1-year-old infants whose mothers were exposed to low, but varying, amounts of mercury during pregnancy. Mercury levels in cord and maternal blood at delivery were used to assess prenatal environmental exposure to mercury. Bayley Scales of ...
Gagnon Anita J - - 2005
The UNICEF/WHO Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative suggests that breastfeeding activities in hospital are important to later breastfeeding. Understanding reasons for in-hospital supplementation may help to optimize the successful implementation of this initiative. The objective was to identify predictors of in-hospital initial formula supplementation of healthy, breastfeeding newborns. The authors analyzed 564 ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine obstetric and neonatal risk factors associated with subaponeurotic haemorrhage (SAH) in infants exposed to vacuum extraction. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: In the labour room, operation theatre, postnatal wards and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary teaching hospital. POPULATION: All infants born in the ...
Hille E T M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of demographic and neonatal risk factors and outcome at the last available assessment on the probability of full responders, postal responders (those who only responded to the mailed questionnaire), or nonresponders in a follow-up study of 19-year-old adolescents who were born as preterm infants. DESIGN: ...
Cataldi L - - 2005
AIMS: To determine in a case-control study possible associations between the development of acute renal failure in preterm newborns and therapeutic interventions, particularly drug treatments. METHODS: The study population was 172 preterm infants of <38 weeks gestation; 71 had acute renal failure and 101 were controls closely matched for gestational ...
Klinger Gil - - 2005
AIM: To identify risk factors for delayed discharge home in a population-based cohort of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Demographic, pregnancy, perinatal, and neonatal data were collected in a national population-based database on VLBW infants born from 1995 through 2002. Multivariate analysis determined association with delayed discharge (discharge at a postmenstrual ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
We examined the impact of cigarette smoking on fetal growth among twins by analyzing matched twin live births in the United States from 1995 through 1998. The outcomes of interest were low and very low birthweight, preterm and very preterm birth, and small for gestational age. Out of a total ...
Källén Bengt - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that maternal drug use or treatment for infertility is related to the occurrence of infant craniostenosis. Maternal drug use and infertility treatment were studied in 398 cases of craniostenosis, identified from various Swedish health registers. Exposure information was ascertained in early pregnancy, and comparisons after adjustment ...
Ngerncham Sopapan S Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. - - 2005
Pneumothorax is one of the air leak syndrome and is more common in the newborn period than in any other childhood periods. It can be divided into spontaneous pneumothorax and secondary pneumothorax from underlying lung pathology or assisted ventilation. Pneumothorax results in longer hospital stays and even deaths in some ...
Kalanda B F - - 2006
To determine factors associated with fetal growth, preterm delivery and stillbirth in an area of high malaria transmission in Southern Malawi, a cross-sectional study of pregnant women attending and delivering at two study hospitals was undertaken. A total of 243 (17.3%) babies were preterm and 54 (3.7%) stillborn. Intra-uterine growth ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is protective against brain injury after asphyxiation in animal models. However, the safety and effectiveness of hypothermia in term infants with encephalopathy is uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial of hypothermia in infants with a gestational age of at least 36 weeks who were admitted to the ...
Klebermass Katrin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the longitudinal changes of amplitude-integrated electroencephalographic (aEEG) activity in preterm infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA). METHODS: Infants (GA <30 weeks) without evidence of neurological abnormalities had weekly aEEG recordings performed. The relative duration of the three aEEG patterns (discontinuous low voltage, discontinuous high voltage and ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to identify factors associated with prolonged hospital stay (PHS: hospitalized >42 weeks postmenstrual age) in extremely premature (EP: born less than or equal to 28 weeks gestation) infants. The second objective was to identify a PHS best-performing benchmark center. METHODS: This study was a retrospective ...
Garra Gregory - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To re-evaluate the Philadelphia protocol and the Rochester criteria for identifying infants at low risk for serious bacterial illness (SBI) in a new population. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled infants 56 days of age or younger with rectal temperatures greater than 100.6 degrees F. Physicians assigned an overall impression ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2005
While preterm birth and restricted fetal growth are strongly associated with infant mortality, the extent to which these associations are modified by placental abruption remains unknown. A retrospective cohort study was carried out to examine the risk of infant mortality among twins in relation to abruption, and explore the independent ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We estimate the impact of increasing fetal number on fetal and infant mortality among Hispanic mothers. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study involving singletons, twins, and triplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 2000, except for the analysis on infant mortality in singletons (1995 through 1999). Main outcome measures ...
Savino Francesco - - 2005
A study was carried out on 168 full-term infants with digestive problems such as regurgitation and/or constipation to evaluate the efficacy of new infant formulas containing partially hydrolysed whey protein, modified vegetable oil with a high beta-palmitic acid content, prebiotic oligosaccharides and starch. Infants receiving the new formulas had an ...
Cameron Heather - - 2005
The theory of selective photo-thermolysis (SP) suggests the occurrence of optimal damage when the laser pulse duration (PD) equals the target thermal relaxation time (Tr). This study examines the clinical relevance of this theory. The study design and methods consisted of prospective, randomised, blinded, controlled study of KTP 532-nm laser ...
Bell C E - - 2005
We developed three different knowledge-dissemination methods for educating Tanzanian smallholder farmers about mastitis in their dairy cattle. The effectiveness of these methods (and their combinations) was evaluated and quantified using a randomised controlled trial and multilevel statistical modelling. To our knowledge, this is the first study that has used such ...
Brouwer R W - - 2005
Our aim was to compare the degree of patellar descent and alteration in angle of the inclination of the tibial plateau in lateral closing-wedge and medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in 51 consecutive patients with osteoarthritis of the medial compartment and varus malalignment. Patellar height was measured by the ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2005
AIM: To examine socio-economic factors, smoking, coffee consumption and exclusive breastfeeding duration. METHODS: This study was part of a prospective cohort study of children born between 1 October 1997 and 1 October 1999 (the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study). Eleven socio-economic characteristics (parental employment, civil status, whether parents ...
Boo N-Y - - 2005
To determine the risk factors for rectal colonization by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) Klebsiella sp. in 368 newborns admitted consecutively to a neonatal intensive care unit over six months, rectal swabs were cultured on admission and weekly until discharge. Eighty infants (21.7%) had ESBL Klebsiella sp. cultured from their rectal swabs. ...
Sainz Bueno José Antonio - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of a program of early obstetric-pediatric discharge (24 hours postpartum) with domiciliary follow-up, compared with the traditional postpartum hospital stay (more than 48 hours), according to the criteria described by reviewers of the subject. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled ...
Elbaz Gabby - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigates pregnancy outcome in women with IBD and examines the effect of pregnancy on the severity of IBD. METHOD: A case-control study comparing deliveries by mothers with IBD between January 1988 and January 2005 was performed. For every birth by a mother with IBD, four births ...
Zorc Joseph J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has identified clinical predictors for urinary tract infection (UTI) to guide urine screening in febrile children <24 months of age. These studies have been limited to single centers, and few have focused on young infants who may be most at risk for complications if a UTI is ...
Gottvall Karin - - 2005
AIM: To study morbidity during the first month of life affecting infants of mothers booked for birth centre care during pregnancy. METHODS: 3238 live single-born infants whose mothers were admitted to an in-hospital birth centre, located at South Hospital in Stockholm, between 1989 and 2000 were compared with 179,502 infants ...
Locatelli Anna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Gestational age at delivery and spontaneous prematurity are independent risk factors for white matter damage (WMD). However, among infants delivered spontaneously after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), latency of PPROM has been inconsistently correlated with risk of WMD. We have explored whether gestational age at membrane rupture is ...
Lawlor Debbie A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, but few studies have examined the association with disease end points, in particular with stroke risk. Furthermore, previous studies demonstrating an inverse association between birth weight and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk have been conducted on populations born in ...
Chen Xi-Kuan - - 2006
Previous studies have suggested that environmental lead exposure increases the risk of hypertension in the general population. In this article, the authors used the 1998 linked birth/infant death database of the United States to examine the association between environmental lead level and the occurrence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Yearly summaries ...
von Dadelszen Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal hypertension might improve perinatal outcome among small for gestational age (SGA) infants (< 10th percentile). METHODS: Our prospective cohort comprised 17 Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and 3,244 SGA singletons. Multivariable regression was used to analyze the relation between maternal hypertension and each of ...
Conde-Agudelo Agustin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether interpregnancy interval is independently associated with increased risk of perinatal death and other adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We investigated the effect of interpregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in 1,125,430 pregnancies recorded in the Perinatal Information System database of the Latin American Center for Perinatology and Human ...
Lee Janet - - 2005
Some infants with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAS) experience development of cerebral palsy (CP), epilepsy, and cognitive impairment, whereas others have a normal outcome. Previous prognostic studies rarely have included all diagnosed cases of PAS within a population. Among 199,176 infants born within Kaiser Permanente from 1997 to 2002, we ...
Moliterno Luiz Flávio Martins - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To verify a possible association between periodontitis and low-birth-weight babies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-one mothers were examined. The case group included 76 mothers (mean age 25.6 years), whose babies at birth weighed <2500 g and had a gestational age (GA) <37 weeks, while 75 mothers (mean ...
Coco Teresa J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe the epidemiology of ingestions in infants 6 months of age or younger. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from a convenience sample of poison center cases in infants younger than 6 months of age from December 28, 2002, to December 28, 2003, was reviewed. ...
Parry G J GJ Health Services Research, School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DA, UK. - - 2005
To assess the relationship between organisational and structural factors of UK neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) with risk adjusted probable nosocomial bacteraemia. A prospective observational study of infants concurrently admitted to 54 randomly selected UK NICUs between March 1998 and April 1999. Of the 13 334 infants admitted, 402 (2.97%) ...
Feja Kristina N KN Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, - - 2005
To determine risk factors for late-onset candidemia among infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We performed a matched case-control study from March 2001 to January 2003 in 2 level III-IV NICUs. Case subjects had candidemia diagnosed more than 48 hours after hospitalization. Control subjects (3 per case) were ...
Mitani Minoru - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatal events associated with adverse outcome in babies at less than 32 weeks of gestation in cases of cervical insufficiency and preterm labor (PTL)/premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was performed using a logistic regression model at 17 tertiary hospitals in Japan. ...
Canhão Patrícia - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The causes of death of patients with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) have not been systematically addressed in previous studies. We aimed to analyze the causes and predictors of death during the acute phase of CVT in the International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis (ISCVT) ...
Hnat Michael D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare perinatal outcomes among women with conservatively treated preterm premature rupture of membranes at 24 to 32 weeks of gestation in the presence or absence of vaginal bleeding. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of 581 women with and without vaginal ...
Jordan Sue - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of intrapartum analgesia on infant feeding at hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Maternity unit of a UK district general hospital. POPULATION: A random sample of 425 healthy primiparae delivering healthy singleton babies at term in 2000. METHODS: A random sample of primiparae delivering term ...
Shetty Sharmila S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to determine risks factors for late onset candidemia, independent of birth weight, in newborn infants. METHODS: We performed a matched case-control study. Cases were identified through active, population-based surveillance for candidemia, conducted in Baltimore City and County during 1998-2000, and were defined as the incident isolation ...
Kleijer Monique E - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pregnancies being complicated by the birth of a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant were analysed in a socio-economically disadvantaged area, with separate analysis for population-based and customized-based birth weight percentiles. METHODS: A retrospective case-controlled study of all singleton pregnancies resulting in the birth of an infant with ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
In this study we wanted to determine if the risk for adverse neonatal outcome among omphalocele-affected fetuses is increased among older gravidas. This was a retrospective cohort study on live-born infants with omphalocele delivered in New York State from 1983 through 1999. We compared infants of older (>or=35 years) with ...
Hagendorens M M - - 2005
To evaluate the influence of perinatal environmental factors on early sensitization, atopic dermatitis and wheezing during the first year. Information on pregnancy-related factors, parental atopic history, environmental factors and the clinical course of the infant until age one was gathered by questionnaires, as part of a prospective birth cohort study ...
Dodd Jodie M - - 2005
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the role of progesterone in preterm birth prevention. METHODS: A MEDLINE search (from 1966 to the present; date of last search January 2005) was performed - using the key words progesterone, pregnancy, preterm birth, preterm labor, and randomized, controlled trial - ...
Francois Karrie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations. METHODS: This was a historical cohort study comparing the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations at Banner Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2001. RESULTS: During ...
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