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Results 651 - 700 of 1411
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Slater Rebeccah R The London Pain Consortium, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Despite the recent increase in our understanding of the development of pain processing, it is still not known whether premature infants are capable of processing pain at a cortical level. In this study, changes in cerebral oxygenation over the somatosensory cortex were measured in response to noxious stimulation using real-time ...
Adappa R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To measure perinatal and infant autopsy rate in Wales over a 10-year period and study factors influencing the decision to perform an autopsy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of data from the All Wales Perinatal Survey. METHODS: Autopsy rates were calculated over a 10-year period (1994-2003), and reasons for not ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety of the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 972 pregnant women who had been given at least 1 selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor prescription in the year before ...
Lim Y - - 2006
Computer integrated-patient controlled epidural analgesia (CI-PCEA) is a novel drug delivery system. It automatically titrates the background infusion rate based on the individual parturient's need. In this randomised trial, we compared the local anaesthetic consumption by parturients using CI-PCEA with demand only patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for labour analgesia. ...
Lotgering Frederik K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate benefits and risks of transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in women with cervical insufficiency in whom transvaginal cerclage is considered surgically unfeasible. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study with historical controls of 101 pregnancies after transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in 101 women with a classic history of cervical insufficiency ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2006
The placental enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11beta-HSD2) transforms maternal cortisol to inactive cortisone. Fetal glucocorticoid excess due to reduced 11beta-HSD2 activity could make small preterm infants susceptible to early adrenal insufficiency when the maternal cortisol source is no longer sustained. We assessed whether placental 11beta-HSD2 activity is related to early adrenal ...
Onwude J L - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the recurrent risk of an unexplained stillbirth at term. A total of 75 women who delivered stillbirths were matched for maternal age and parity with 75 controls. After excluding explained stillbirths, matched cases and controls were compared for maternal age, length of ...
Cheng Yvonne W YW Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA. - - 2006
To examine the effect of persistent occiput posterior position on neonatal outcome. This is a retrospective cohort study of 31,392 term, cephalic, singleton births. Women with neonates born in persistent occiput posterior position at delivery were compared to those with occiput anterior position. Women with occiput transverse position were excluded. ...
Soucie Jennifer E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the gestational age with the lowest morbidity and mortality rates for twin pregnancies that reach term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study carried out with 60,443 twin pairs from the United States (1995-1997). Analysis was restricted to pregnancies that had reached ...
Leung W C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of birth trauma and birth asphyxia related to instrumental deliveries in our obstetric unit was high (2.8%) in 1998-1999. A study was performed in 2000 to identify the risk factors. Unexpectedly, the incidence (0.6%) was reduced significantly during the study period. We attributed this phenomenon to the ...
Croteau Agathe - - 2006
We undertook a case-control study to evaluate whether some occupational conditions during pregnancy increase the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and whether taking measures to eliminate these conditions decreases that risk. The 1536 cases and 4441 controls were selected from 43898 women who had single live births between ...
Chen X K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and infant mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Birth and infant death registration dataset of the USA. POPULATION: A total of 17,432,987 eligible, liveborn singleton births in 1995-2000. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was applied to evaluate the association between PIH and ...
San Miguel Lucía García - - 2006
Candidemia is an important problem in pediatrics. In our hospital, highest candidemia rates were documented among children with congenital heart disease (CHD). A series was conducted to describe the clinical and mortality features of candidemia in these patients. Fifty-two cases (1988-2000) included very young infants (median age, 2 months) who ...
Perez-Ruixo Juan Jose - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of CYP2D6 genotype on the pharmacokinetics of tipifarnib. METHODS: A total of 268 subjects included in six clinical trials were treated orally with tablet formulation of tipifarnib, as a single dose or as multiple b.i.d. doses (range 50-600 mg), and/or intravenously following 1, 2, and 24 ...
von Ehrenstein O S - - 2006
Between 2001 and 2003, the authors studied pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality among 202 married women in West Bengal, India. Reproductive histories were ascertained using structured interviews. Arsenic exposure during each pregnancy, including all water sources used, was assessed; this involved measurements from 409 wells. Odds ratios for spontaneous abortion, ...
Troe Ernst-Jan W M - - 2006
We examined ethnic differences in infant mortality and the contribution of several explanatory variables. Data of Statistics Netherlands from 1995 to 2000 were studied (1,178,949 live borns). Proportional hazard analysis was used to show ethnic differences in total and cause-specific infant mortality. Obstetric, demographic and -geographical variables, and socio-economic status ...
Hoehn T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The role of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in the treatment of severe hypoxemic respiratory failure of term neonates has been firmly established in several randomized trials. In contrast, the use of iNO in premature newborns has remained controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of five published randomized controlled trials involving ...
Gibson Catherine S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between inherited cytokine polymorphisms and cerebral palsy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study that used DNA from the newborn infant screening cards of 443 white infants with cerebral palsy and 883 white control infants to test for the following ...
Baxter Amy L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of procedural techniques, local anesthetic use, and postgraduate training level on lumbar puncture (LP) success rates. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, medical students and residents ("trainees") reported techniques used for infant LPs in an urban teaching emergency department. Data on postgraduate year, patient position, ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2006
Our aim was to determine whether a longer duration of full breastfeeding in early infancy acts positively upon health outcomes. Women participating in a birth cohort study in Perth, Australia were followed-up at regular intervals to 52 weeks. Infant feeding, socio-demographic and health-related data were collected. Infants fully breastfed for ...
Ashwood Patricia J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Do repeat prenatal corticosteroids suppress neonatal cortisol concentrations? STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial of women given weekly repeat corticosteroids or saline placebo, while at risk of preterm birth, until 32 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: Cord serum cortisol concentrations in infants exposed to repeat corticosteroids were similar compared with infants exposed ...
McLearn Kathryn Taaffe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal depressive symptoms, reported when infants are 2 to 4 months old, are associated with mothers' early parenting practices. DESIGN: Secondary data analyses collected from the National Evaluation of Healthy Steps for Young Children. Data sources included newborn enrollment questionnaires and parent interviews when infants were ...
Futrakul S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in asphyxiated newborn infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study of 17,706 newborns, who were admitted to the Neonatal Unit of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, from July 1999 till the end of December 2000. 84 infants with perinatal asphyxia were ...
Paul D A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there are any racial differences in the prenatal care of mothers delivering very low birth weight infants (VLBW). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants cared for at a single regional level III neonatal intensive care unit over a 9-year period, July 1993-June 2002, N = ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The risk of adverse foetal outcomes was investigated in offspring to men with coeliac disease (CD) diagnosed prior to infant birth and in offspring to men who did not receive a diagnosis of CD until after the delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort study was based on national registry ...
Páll Gabriella - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socioeconomic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey ...
Luke Barbara - - 2006
The purpose of this prospective cohort study of twins and triplets was to evaluate perinatal and early childhood outcomes through 18 months of age. The study population included 141 twin pregnancies (282 twin children) and 8 triplet pregnancies (24 triplet children) recruited between May, 1996 and June, 2001. Mothers of ...
Abdel-Latif M E - - 2006
Patients living in rural areas may be at a disadvantage in accessing tertiary health care. To test the hypothesis that very premature infants born to mothers residing in rural areas have poorer outcomes than those residing in urban areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian ...
Dorling J - - 2006
AIMS: 1. To determine the survival and morbidity of infants at discharge with a birthweight of less than 1500 g in the geographically defined population of East Anglia. 2. To demonstrate a cost-effective method of regional data collection. 3. To determine whether there were any changes in the demand for ...
Hoehner Christine - - 2006
AIM: To determine if risk of adverse neonatal outcomes among term breech infants delivered by cesarean section differs by volume of such births at the delivering hospital. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using Missouri linked birth and death certificate files. The study population included 10,106 singleton, term, normal ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied the contribution of elective delivery to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term babies born at high altitude. METHODS: We prospectively studied the charts of term babies born in Taif Maternity Hospital (1640 m above sea level) between 1/1/2004 and 31/10/2004 who developed RDS and required mechanical ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2006
To examine the risk of hypospadias after exposure to loratadine and other antihistamines during pregnancy, we conducted a population-based case-control study in four Danish counties, which account for 30% of the Danish population (approximately 1.6 M). We obtained data on maternal use of antihistamines from prescription databases, and data on ...
Chong Jin Ho - - 2006
AIMS: Previous studies reported an increasing temporal trend of hypospadias and a significant association with poor intrauterine growth. It remains unclear whether the association relates to birth weight, degree of prematurity or intra-uterine growth. The objective was to study the incidence of hypospadias and to examine the association with various ...
Glanville T - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine if fetal C677T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotype contributes to low birth weight. The study group consisted of 243 term babies with a birth weight<10th centile for gestational age, with subgroup analyses for those <1st centile. The control group consisted of 132 term ...
Tracy Sally K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between volume of hospital births per annum and birth outcome for low risk women. DESIGN: Population-based study using the National Perinatal Data Collection (NPDC). SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Of 750,491 women who gave birth during 1999-2001, there were 331,147 (47.14%) medically 'low risk' including 132,696 (40.07%) ...
Dugandzic Rose - - 2006
Studies in areas with relatively high levels of air pollution have found some positive associations between exposures to ambient levels of air pollution and several birth outcomes including low birth weight (LBW). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between LBW among term infants and ambient air ...
Kataoka Soromon - - 2006
To examine the association between colonization by two newly classified species of genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma parvum and U. urealyticum) in early pregnancy and subsequent late abortion or preterm birth at <34 weeks of gestation, four species of genital mycoplasmas--Mycoplasma genitalium, M. hominis, U. parvum, and U. urealyticum--as well as Chlamydia ...
Roberts D - - 2006
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a serious complication of preterm birth and the primary cause of early neonatal mortality and disability. To assess the effects on fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, on maternal mortality and morbidity, and on the child in later life of administering corticosteroids to the mother ...
Neilson J P - - 2006
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
Preterm birth is the major complication of pregnancy associated with perinatal mortality and morbidity and occurs in up to 6% to 10% of all births. Administration of progesterone for the prevention of preterm labour has been advocated. To assess the benefits and harms of progesterone administration during pregnancy in the ...
Jedrychowski WiesÅ‚aw W Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland. - - 2006
Recent research has suggested that the protective effect of natural infections may be due to their influence on the development of the immune system in early life. The purpose of the study was to determine whether maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy is a risk factor for wheezing and allergy ...
Albrecht Sandra S Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2006
Adequate adherence is required for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (pMTCT) programs to be effective. We investigated predictors and extent of nonadherence to single-dose nevirapine. Data on nevirapine intake and possible predictors were collected among 760 HIV-positive women with liveborn babies enrolled in a study in Lusaka, Zambia. Most ...
Rowat Anne M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypoxaemia in the acute phase of stroke might damage the ischaemic penumbra and worsen clinical outcome. We determined the frequency of hypoxaemia on admission with stroke and assessed whether it was related to outcome. METHODS: We measured arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and breathing effort with portable monitoring equipment in ...
Morera A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital urogenital malformations in males with a significantly increasing incidence over the past 20years. The causes of this insufficient virilization of the genital tubercle are essentially unknown. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A hospital-based controlled study was realized with 225 hypospadias cases at Debrousse ...
Onal Ayse Emel - - 2006
The exact incidence rate of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) in Turkey (and in Istanbul) is not known. We have conducted an active surveillance study to determine the epidemiological characteristics and the incidence rate of SSPE in Istanbul between the dates July 1, 2002 and July 1, 2004. We found that ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parity and fetal morbidity outcomes among omphalocele-affected fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a retrospective study of 498 cases of isolated omphalocele (210 born to nulliparous and 288 to multiparous mothers) in New York State from 1983 through 1999. Infants of nulliparous mothers were ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2005
The objective of this investigation was to describe the epidemiology of anotia and microtia with respect to various factors. The cases studied were all infants and fetuses with anotia or microtia identified by a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii. The anotia and microtia rates were determined for selected factors ...
Acolet Dominique - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify variations in standards of neonatal care in the first week of life that might have contributed to deaths in infants who were born at 27 and 28 weeks' gestation. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted of infants who were born at 27 and 28 weeks' gestation in ...
Cramer Kristie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify and synthesize investigations of the effectiveness of occlusive skin wrap for reducing heat loss in premature infants born at less than 36 weeks gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials (RCT) and five historical controlled trials (HCT) were included. Meta-analysis shows wrapped infants ...
Duong Dat V - - 2005
AIM: To document the introduction of complementary food and factors influencing the decision to feed infants with solid food within 6 mo postpartum in rural Vietnam. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 463 women who gave birth during August-October 2002 was conducted. RESULTS: An early introduction of complementary food was found, ...
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