Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1390
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McLearn Kathryn Taaffe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal depressive symptoms, reported when infants are 2 to 4 months old, are associated with mothers' early parenting practices. DESIGN: Secondary data analyses collected from the National Evaluation of Healthy Steps for Young Children. Data sources included newborn enrollment questionnaires and parent interviews when infants were ...
Futrakul S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in asphyxiated newborn infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study of 17,706 newborns, who were admitted to the Neonatal Unit of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, from July 1999 till the end of December 2000. 84 infants with perinatal asphyxia were ...
Paul D A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there are any racial differences in the prenatal care of mothers delivering very low birth weight infants (VLBW). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants cared for at a single regional level III neonatal intensive care unit over a 9-year period, July 1993-June 2002, N = ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The risk of adverse foetal outcomes was investigated in offspring to men with coeliac disease (CD) diagnosed prior to infant birth and in offspring to men who did not receive a diagnosis of CD until after the delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort study was based on national registry ...
Páll Gabriella - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socioeconomic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey ...
Luke Barbara - - 2006
The purpose of this prospective cohort study of twins and triplets was to evaluate perinatal and early childhood outcomes through 18 months of age. The study population included 141 twin pregnancies (282 twin children) and 8 triplet pregnancies (24 triplet children) recruited between May, 1996 and June, 2001. Mothers of ...
Abdel-Latif M E - - 2006
Patients living in rural areas may be at a disadvantage in accessing tertiary health care. To test the hypothesis that very premature infants born to mothers residing in rural areas have poorer outcomes than those residing in urban areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian ...
Dorling J - - 2006
AIMS: 1. To determine the survival and morbidity of infants at discharge with a birthweight of less than 1500 g in the geographically defined population of East Anglia. 2. To demonstrate a cost-effective method of regional data collection. 3. To determine whether there were any changes in the demand for ...
Hoehner Christine - - 2006
AIM: To determine if risk of adverse neonatal outcomes among term breech infants delivered by cesarean section differs by volume of such births at the delivering hospital. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using Missouri linked birth and death certificate files. The study population included 10,106 singleton, term, normal ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied the contribution of elective delivery to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term babies born at high altitude. METHODS: We prospectively studied the charts of term babies born in Taif Maternity Hospital (1640 m above sea level) between 1/1/2004 and 31/10/2004 who developed RDS and required mechanical ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2006
To examine the risk of hypospadias after exposure to loratadine and other antihistamines during pregnancy, we conducted a population-based case-control study in four Danish counties, which account for 30% of the Danish population (approximately 1.6 M). We obtained data on maternal use of antihistamines from prescription databases, and data on ...
Chong Jin Ho - - 2006
AIMS: Previous studies reported an increasing temporal trend of hypospadias and a significant association with poor intrauterine growth. It remains unclear whether the association relates to birth weight, degree of prematurity or intra-uterine growth. The objective was to study the incidence of hypospadias and to examine the association with various ...
Glanville T - - 2006
The aim of this study was to determine if fetal C677T methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotype contributes to low birth weight. The study group consisted of 243 term babies with a birth weight<10th centile for gestational age, with subgroup analyses for those <1st centile. The control group consisted of 132 term ...
Tracy Sally K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between volume of hospital births per annum and birth outcome for low risk women. DESIGN: Population-based study using the National Perinatal Data Collection (NPDC). SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Of 750,491 women who gave birth during 1999-2001, there were 331,147 (47.14%) medically 'low risk' including 132,696 (40.07%) ...
Albrecht Sandra - - 2006
Adequate adherence is required for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (pMTCT) programs to be effective. We investigated predictors and extent of nonadherence to single-dose nevirapine. Data on nevirapine intake and possible predictors were collected among 760 HIV-positive women with liveborn babies enrolled in a study in Lusaka, Zambia. Most ...
Dugandzic Rose - - 2006
Studies in areas with relatively high levels of air pollution have found some positive associations between exposures to ambient levels of air pollution and several birth outcomes including low birth weight (LBW). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between LBW among term infants and ambient air ...
Kataoka Soromon - - 2006
To examine the association between colonization by two newly classified species of genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma parvum and U. urealyticum) in early pregnancy and subsequent late abortion or preterm birth at <34 weeks of gestation, four species of genital mycoplasmas--Mycoplasma genitalium, M. hominis, U. parvum, and U. urealyticum--as well as Chlamydia ...
Roberts D - - 2006
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a serious complication of preterm birth and the primary cause of early neonatal mortality and disability. To assess the effects on fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, on maternal mortality and morbidity, and on the child in later life of administering corticosteroids to the mother ...
Neilson J P - - 2006
Hypoxaemia during labour can alter the shape of the fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) waveform, notably the relation of the PR to RR intervals, and elevation or depression of the ST segment. Technical systems have therefore been developed to monitor the fetal ECG during labour as an adjunct to continuous electronic fetal ...
Dodd J M - - 2006
Preterm birth is the major complication of pregnancy associated with perinatal mortality and morbidity and occurs in up to 6% to 10% of all births. Administration of progesterone for the prevention of preterm labour has been advocated. To assess the benefits and harms of progesterone administration during pregnancy in the ...
Jedrychowski WiesÅ‚aw W Chair of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland. - - 2006
Recent research has suggested that the protective effect of natural infections may be due to their influence on the development of the immune system in early life. The purpose of the study was to determine whether maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy is a risk factor for wheezing and allergy ...
Rowat Anne M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypoxaemia in the acute phase of stroke might damage the ischaemic penumbra and worsen clinical outcome. We determined the frequency of hypoxaemia on admission with stroke and assessed whether it was related to outcome. METHODS: We measured arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and breathing effort with portable monitoring equipment in ...
Morera A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital urogenital malformations in males with a significantly increasing incidence over the past 20years. The causes of this insufficient virilization of the genital tubercle are essentially unknown. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A hospital-based controlled study was realized with 225 hypospadias cases at Debrousse ...
Onal Ayse Emel - - 2006
The exact incidence rate of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) in Turkey (and in Istanbul) is not known. We have conducted an active surveillance study to determine the epidemiological characteristics and the incidence rate of SSPE in Istanbul between the dates July 1, 2002 and July 1, 2004. We found that ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between parity and fetal morbidity outcomes among omphalocele-affected fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a retrospective study of 498 cases of isolated omphalocele (210 born to nulliparous and 288 to multiparous mothers) in New York State from 1983 through 1999. Infants of nulliparous mothers were ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2005
The objective of this investigation was to describe the epidemiology of anotia and microtia with respect to various factors. The cases studied were all infants and fetuses with anotia or microtia identified by a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii. The anotia and microtia rates were determined for selected factors ...
Acolet Dominique - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify variations in standards of neonatal care in the first week of life that might have contributed to deaths in infants who were born at 27 and 28 weeks' gestation. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted of infants who were born at 27 and 28 weeks' gestation in ...
Cramer Kristie - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify and synthesize investigations of the effectiveness of occlusive skin wrap for reducing heat loss in premature infants born at less than 36 weeks gestations. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials (RCT) and five historical controlled trials (HCT) were included. Meta-analysis shows wrapped infants ...
Duong Dat V - - 2005
AIM: To document the introduction of complementary food and factors influencing the decision to feed infants with solid food within 6 mo postpartum in rural Vietnam. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 463 women who gave birth during August-October 2002 was conducted. RESULTS: An early introduction of complementary food was found, ...
Malm Heli - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We performed a population-based study of women exposed to SSRIs during pregnancy (n = 1782). Data were derived from a national project in Finland, established by 3 governmental organizations. In that project, the Drug Reimbursement ...
Medda Emanuela - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for permanent and transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH). DESIGN: A population-based case-control study was carried out by using the network created in Italy for the National Register of Infants with CH. METHODS: Four controls were enrolled for each new CH infant; 173 cases and 690 controls ...
Galland Barbara C - - 2006
To assess the influence of intrauterine growth retardation and postnatal development on heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac reflexes, we studied 27 healthy small for gestational age (SGA) and 23 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants during a nap study. Resting HRV was assessed by point dispersion of Poincaré plots ...
Mutabingwa Theonest K - - 2005
In endemic areas, placental malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum is most frequent and severe in first-time mothers, and increases the risk of infant mortality in their offspring. Placental malaria may increase the susceptibility of infants to malaria parasitemia, but evidence for this effect is inconclusive. During 2002-2004, we monitored parasitemia ...
Jedrychowski Wieslaw - - 2006
The aim of the study is to assess the cognitive and psychomotor status of 1-year-old infants whose mothers were exposed to low, but varying, amounts of mercury during pregnancy. Mercury levels in cord and maternal blood at delivery were used to assess prenatal environmental exposure to mercury. Bayley Scales of ...
Gagnon Anita J - - 2005
The UNICEF/WHO Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative suggests that breastfeeding activities in hospital are important to later breastfeeding. Understanding reasons for in-hospital supplementation may help to optimize the successful implementation of this initiative. The objective was to identify predictors of in-hospital initial formula supplementation of healthy, breastfeeding newborns. The authors analyzed 564 ...
Boo Nem-Yun - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine obstetric and neonatal risk factors associated with subaponeurotic haemorrhage (SAH) in infants exposed to vacuum extraction. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: In the labour room, operation theatre, postnatal wards and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a tertiary teaching hospital. POPULATION: All infants born in the ...
Hille E T M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of demographic and neonatal risk factors and outcome at the last available assessment on the probability of full responders, postal responders (those who only responded to the mailed questionnaire), or nonresponders in a follow-up study of 19-year-old adolescents who were born as preterm infants. DESIGN: ...
Cataldi L - - 2005
AIMS: To determine in a case-control study possible associations between the development of acute renal failure in preterm newborns and therapeutic interventions, particularly drug treatments. METHODS: The study population was 172 preterm infants of <38 weeks gestation; 71 had acute renal failure and 101 were controls closely matched for gestational ...
Klinger Gil - - 2005
AIM: To identify risk factors for delayed discharge home in a population-based cohort of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: Demographic, pregnancy, perinatal, and neonatal data were collected in a national population-based database on VLBW infants born from 1995 through 2002. Multivariate analysis determined association with delayed discharge (discharge at a postmenstrual ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
We examined the impact of cigarette smoking on fetal growth among twins by analyzing matched twin live births in the United States from 1995 through 1998. The outcomes of interest were low and very low birthweight, preterm and very preterm birth, and small for gestational age. Out of a total ...
Källén Bengt - - 2005
To test the hypothesis that maternal drug use or treatment for infertility is related to the occurrence of infant craniostenosis. Maternal drug use and infertility treatment were studied in 398 cases of craniostenosis, identified from various Swedish health registers. Exposure information was ascertained in early pregnancy, and comparisons after adjustment ...
Ngerncham Sopapan S Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. - - 2005
Pneumothorax is one of the air leak syndrome and is more common in the newborn period than in any other childhood periods. It can be divided into spontaneous pneumothorax and secondary pneumothorax from underlying lung pathology or assisted ventilation. Pneumothorax results in longer hospital stays and even deaths in some ...
Kalanda B F - - 2006
To determine factors associated with fetal growth, preterm delivery and stillbirth in an area of high malaria transmission in Southern Malawi, a cross-sectional study of pregnant women attending and delivering at two study hospitals was undertaken. A total of 243 (17.3%) babies were preterm and 54 (3.7%) stillborn. Intra-uterine growth ...
Shankaran Seetha - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is protective against brain injury after asphyxiation in animal models. However, the safety and effectiveness of hypothermia in term infants with encephalopathy is uncertain. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial of hypothermia in infants with a gestational age of at least 36 weeks who were admitted to the ...
Klebermass Katrin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the longitudinal changes of amplitude-integrated electroencephalographic (aEEG) activity in preterm infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA). METHODS: Infants (GA <30 weeks) without evidence of neurological abnormalities had weekly aEEG recordings performed. The relative duration of the three aEEG patterns (discontinuous low voltage, discontinuous high voltage and ...
Cotten C Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to identify factors associated with prolonged hospital stay (PHS: hospitalized >42 weeks postmenstrual age) in extremely premature (EP: born less than or equal to 28 weeks gestation) infants. The second objective was to identify a PHS best-performing benchmark center. METHODS: This study was a retrospective ...
Garra Gregory - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To re-evaluate the Philadelphia protocol and the Rochester criteria for identifying infants at low risk for serious bacterial illness (SBI) in a new population. METHODS: The authors prospectively enrolled infants 56 days of age or younger with rectal temperatures greater than 100.6 degrees F. Physicians assigned an overall impression ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2005
While preterm birth and restricted fetal growth are strongly associated with infant mortality, the extent to which these associations are modified by placental abruption remains unknown. A retrospective cohort study was carried out to examine the risk of infant mortality among twins in relation to abruption, and explore the independent ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We estimate the impact of increasing fetal number on fetal and infant mortality among Hispanic mothers. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study involving singletons, twins, and triplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 2000, except for the analysis on infant mortality in singletons (1995 through 1999). Main outcome measures ...
Savino Francesco - - 2005
A study was carried out on 168 full-term infants with digestive problems such as regurgitation and/or constipation to evaluate the efficacy of new infant formulas containing partially hydrolysed whey protein, modified vegetable oil with a high beta-palmitic acid content, prebiotic oligosaccharides and starch. Infants receiving the new formulas had an ...
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