Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1396
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Dalberg Kristina - - 2006
Data on birth outcome and offspring health after the appearance of breast cancer are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of adverse birth outcomes in women previously treated for invasive breast cancer compared with the general population of mothers. Of all 2,870,932 singleton births registered ...
Mercer Alex - - 2006
Neonatal deaths account for about half of all deaths among children under 5 years of age in Bangladesh, making prevention a major priority. This paper reports on a study of neonatal deaths in 12 areas of Bangladesh served by a large NGO programme, which had high coverage of reproductive health ...
Kao L S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between hyperglycemia and mortality and late-onset infections (>72 h) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort study of 201 ELBW infants who survived greater than 3 days after birth. Mean morning ...
Blanco C L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the incidence, correlates and subsequent morbidities of hyperglycemia, a highly prevalent condition in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of 169 infants with birth weight (BW)<1000 g was conducted. Hyperglycemia was defined as plasma glucose level > or =150 mg/dl ...
Kolibianakis E M - - 2006
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to answer the following clinical question: among patients treated for IVF with gonadotrophins and GnRH analogues, is the probability of live birth per randomized patient dependent on the type of analogue used? Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), published as a full manuscript ...
Chodick Gabriel - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the agreement between contemporaneously recorded and subsequently recalled time spent outdoors during 1 week among members of an occupational cohort. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five radiologic technologists from northern and southern geographic areas in the United States recorded time spent outdoors for ...
Oberlander Tim F - - 2006
CONTEXT: Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and maternal depression both alter neonatal health, and distinguishing the effects of each influence remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to SSRIs and depression differs from exposure to maternal depression alone. DESIGN: Using population health data, records of neonatal ...
Evans N - - 2007
To identify antenatal and perinatal risk factors for in-hospital mortality of babies born within the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN). Data were collected prospectively as part of the ongoing audit of high-risk infants (birth weight <1500 g or gestation <32 weeks) admitted to all level III neonatal units ...
Gilbreath Susan - - 2006
This retrospective cohort study evaluated adverse birth outcomes in infants whose birth records indicated maternal residence in villages containing dumpsites potentially hazardous to health and environment. Birth records from 1997 to 2001 identified 10,073 eligible infants born to mothers in 197 Alaska Native villages. Outcomes included low or very low ...
Kristensen Sibylle - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early mortality (first year of life) risks among small for gestational age (SGA) neonates were similar regardless of SGA subtype based on three chronological classifications (term, preterm and post-term). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study on all singleton live births in the United States from 1995 to ...
Podvin Danise - - 2006
Our objective was to investigate the association of childhood leukaemia with selected maternal and birth characteristics by conducting a population-based case-control study using linked cancer registry and birth certificate records for Washington State. We compared maternal and infant characteristics of 595 Washington-born residents <20 years old with leukaemia diagnosed during ...
Arad Ilan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal transport, rather than neonatal transport, to tertiary care centers is generally advocated. Since a substantial number of premature deliveries still occur in hospitals with level I and level II nurseries, it is imperative to find means to improve their outcome. OBJECTIVES: To compare the neonatal outcome (survival, intraventricular ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess whether deviations from normal fetal growth are associated with spontaneous preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based study was performed, using Swedish Medical Birth Register data from 1991 through 2001. The total population comprised 1,007,648 singleton births. Intrauterine-derived growth standards were used to identify ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the risk of hypospadias after reported exposure to loratadine and other antihistamines during pregnancy, based on data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. We examined the risk of hypospadias in a nested case-control design based on women enrolled in the Danish National ...
Allegaert K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To document maturational changes of the in vivo activity of CYP3A4 in the first months of life. METHODS: The contribution of tramadol (M), O-demethyl tramadol (M1, CYP2D6-mediated) and N-demethyl tramadol (M2, CYP3A4-mediated) to the overall elimination of tramadol and the log M/M2 was assessed in 24-hour urine collections during ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To construct and validate a model and derive a simple rule that is usable in any birth location for the prediction of outcome of term infants with severe asphyxia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Regional outborn neonatal intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: Infants with postintrapartum asphyxial hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (n = ...
Ruijne N - - 2006
Vaccine trials with infants enrolled between 6 and 10 weeks of age (young infants) and 6 and 8 months of age (older infants) provided an opportunity to evaluate immunoglobulin G (IgG) isotype distribution and avidity maturation as indicators of antibody function and immunologic memory. Following vaccination with a strain-specific outer ...
Macete Eusebio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to deploy and develop new control tools that will reduce the intolerable burden of malaria. Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) has the potential to become an effective tool for malaria control. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) treatment ...
Shinwell E S - - 2007
To study the association between reduced use of postnatal steroids for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and oxygen (O(2))-dependency at 28 days of age and at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. Large national database study. The Israel National VLBW Neonatal Database. The sample included infants born between ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transient periventricular echodensities (PVE) in preterm infants affect neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the duration and grading of PVE with neurodevelopmental outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre cohort study of infants with PVE diagnosed by ultrasonography from 1995 to 2000 with blinded grading and recognition of duration of ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids remains uncertain. Our aim was to establish whether repeat prenatal corticosteroids given to women at risk of preterm birth can reduce neonatal morbidity without harm. METHODS: In this hospital-based study, 982 women who remained at risk of preterm birth ...
Bokodi G - - 2007
Data support the role of interferon (IFN)gamma and interleukin (IL)12 in perinatal complications. IFNgamma T(+874)A and IL12 p40 promoter CTCTAA/GC polymorphisms may have an effect on cytokine production. DNA was extracted from dried blood samples of 153 low birthweight (LBW) infants and 172 healthy term infants. IFNgamma and IL12 genetic ...
Markov P V - - 2007
Official statistics routinely underestimate mortality from specific microorganisms and deaths are assigned to non-specific syndromes. Here we estimate mortality attributed to specific pathogens by modelling non-specific infant deaths from laboratory reports and codes on death certificates for these pathogens, 1993-2000 in England and Wales using a generalized linear model. In ...
Zhu Motao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between maternal nativity and congenital malformations among Hispanics living in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between maternal nativity and various congenital malformations among singleton live-births born to Hispanic women in New York from 1993 to ...
Peterson J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine accuracy of the 7-8-9 Rule in a cohort of neonates. STUDY DESIGN: This study was cross-sectional in design. Seventy-five consecutive neonates who required oral intubation from June 2004 to November 2004 for cardiopulmonary failure, respiratory distress, or surfactant administration were the subjects of this study. The initial ...
Altcheh Jaime - - 2006
The reactivity values of Toxoplasma gondii ROP2, GRA4, and GRA7 recombinant antigens (rAgs) were analyzed by immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 23 congenitally infected (I) and 36 noninfected (NI) infants. The reactivity values observed from the serum samples of I versus NI infants for each recombinant protein ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of inequity in maternal and fetal health. We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income). METHODS: In Quebec, the ...
Getahun Darios - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine temporal changes in stillbirth, neonatal and infant mortality rates among triplet births in the US, and to assess the contributions of triplet delivery at < 34 weeks to these changes. STUDY DESIGN: Data on triplet live births, and fetal and infant ...
Were F N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High risk newborns such as the Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) require long term follow up to ascertain their subsequent survival and quality of life (based on neurological intactness). Though such data is now standard in the developed world, little is known in published literature about the situation in ...
Phibbs Stephanie L - - 2006
Clinic-based immunization rates are used to evaluate clinic performance and immunization interventions, but they typically exclude so-called inactive patients (ie, those who no longer receive care at the clinic). We assessed the effect of enhanced ascertainment of inactive patients on clinic-based immunization rates and on the conclusions of a randomized ...
Towner Dena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess outcomes in unselected women with maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (MShCG) 2.0 MoM or greater. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational cohort study of 309 women with MShCG 2 MoM or greater and 309 women of the same age and ethnicity with MShCG ...
Vuilleumier Nicolas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pharmacogenetic tests such as N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) genotyping are useful in identifying patients prone to antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity in a cosmopolite population. METHODS: In a prospective study we genotyped 89 patients treated with isoniazid (INH) for latent tuberculosis. INH-induced hepatitis (INH-H) ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
We describe an approach to quantify birthweight discordance in quadruplets and assessed its potential use in predicting infant mortality. Retrospective cohort study on quadruplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 2000 inclusive. The main outcome measures were infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality. A total of 2692 quadruplet live ...
Ferree Patrick M - - 2006
Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is a reproductive sterility found in arthropods that is caused by the endoparasitic bacteria Wolbachia. In CI, host progeny fail to develop during early embryogenesis if Wolbachia-infected males fertilize uninfected females. It is widely accepted that this lethality is caused by some unknown Wolbachia-induced modification of the ...
Poehling Katherine A KA Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-2504, USA. - - 2006
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a serious infection in young infants. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was licensed in 2000 and recommended for all children aged 2 to 23 months. To determine the rates of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in young infants before and after PCV7 was incorporated into the childhood ...
Slater Rebeccah R The London Pain Consortium, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Despite the recent increase in our understanding of the development of pain processing, it is still not known whether premature infants are capable of processing pain at a cortical level. In this study, changes in cerebral oxygenation over the somatosensory cortex were measured in response to noxious stimulation using real-time ...
Adappa R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To measure perinatal and infant autopsy rate in Wales over a 10-year period and study factors influencing the decision to perform an autopsy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of data from the All Wales Perinatal Survey. METHODS: Autopsy rates were calculated over a 10-year period (1994-2003), and reasons for not ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety of the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 972 pregnant women who had been given at least 1 selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor prescription in the year before ...
Lim Y - - 2006
Computer integrated-patient controlled epidural analgesia (CI-PCEA) is a novel drug delivery system. It automatically titrates the background infusion rate based on the individual parturient's need. In this randomised trial, we compared the local anaesthetic consumption by parturients using CI-PCEA with demand only patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for labour analgesia. ...
Lotgering Frederik K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate benefits and risks of transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in women with cervical insufficiency in whom transvaginal cerclage is considered surgically unfeasible. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study with historical controls of 101 pregnancies after transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in 101 women with a classic history of cervical insufficiency ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2006
The placental enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11beta-HSD2) transforms maternal cortisol to inactive cortisone. Fetal glucocorticoid excess due to reduced 11beta-HSD2 activity could make small preterm infants susceptible to early adrenal insufficiency when the maternal cortisol source is no longer sustained. We assessed whether placental 11beta-HSD2 activity is related to early adrenal ...
Onwude J L - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the recurrent risk of an unexplained stillbirth at term. A total of 75 women who delivered stillbirths were matched for maternal age and parity with 75 controls. After excluding explained stillbirths, matched cases and controls were compared for maternal age, length of ...
Cheng Yvonne W YW Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA. - - 2006
To examine the effect of persistent occiput posterior position on neonatal outcome. This is a retrospective cohort study of 31,392 term, cephalic, singleton births. Women with neonates born in persistent occiput posterior position at delivery were compared to those with occiput anterior position. Women with occiput transverse position were excluded. ...
Soucie Jennifer E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the gestational age with the lowest morbidity and mortality rates for twin pregnancies that reach term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study carried out with 60,443 twin pairs from the United States (1995-1997). Analysis was restricted to pregnancies that had reached ...
Leung W C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of birth trauma and birth asphyxia related to instrumental deliveries in our obstetric unit was high (2.8%) in 1998-1999. A study was performed in 2000 to identify the risk factors. Unexpectedly, the incidence (0.6%) was reduced significantly during the study period. We attributed this phenomenon to the ...
Croteau Agathe - - 2006
We undertook a case-control study to evaluate whether some occupational conditions during pregnancy increase the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and whether taking measures to eliminate these conditions decreases that risk. The 1536 cases and 4441 controls were selected from 43898 women who had single live births between ...
Chen X K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and infant mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Birth and infant death registration dataset of the USA. POPULATION: A total of 17,432,987 eligible, liveborn singleton births in 1995-2000. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was applied to evaluate the association between PIH and ...
San Miguel Lucía García - - 2006
Candidemia is an important problem in pediatrics. In our hospital, highest candidemia rates were documented among children with congenital heart disease (CHD). A series was conducted to describe the clinical and mortality features of candidemia in these patients. Fifty-two cases (1988-2000) included very young infants (median age, 2 months) who ...
Perez-Ruixo Juan Jose - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of CYP2D6 genotype on the pharmacokinetics of tipifarnib. METHODS: A total of 268 subjects included in six clinical trials were treated orally with tablet formulation of tipifarnib, as a single dose or as multiple b.i.d. doses (range 50-600 mg), and/or intravenously following 1, 2, and 24 ...
von Ehrenstein O S - - 2006
Between 2001 and 2003, the authors studied pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality among 202 married women in West Bengal, India. Reproductive histories were ascertained using structured interviews. Arsenic exposure during each pregnancy, including all water sources used, was assessed; this involved measurements from 409 wells. Odds ratios for spontaneous abortion, ...
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