Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1411
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Kuehn Carrie M - - 2007
Hazardous waste sites often contain substances harmful to fetal development. Using linked birth-hospital discharge and hazardous sites data for Washington State, we evaluated the association between malformation occurrence and maternal residential proximity to hazardous waste sites. Cases (N=63,006) were infants born 1987-2001 with malformations. Controls (N=315,030) were randomly selected infants ...
Kelly Yvonne - - 2006
This paper examines ethnic differences in the attainment of developmental milestones during infancy and possible explanations for observed differences are investigated. Data from the first survey of the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 15,994; 8212 males, 7782 females; mean age 9.2 mo [SD 0.5]) were examined. We found that Black ...
Horn Mary H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine small mandibular size and preference for a hand-to-chin posture as salient characteristics in infants with a history of an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective case-control study of term infants, from birth to 6 months of age, admitted post-ALTE and matched 1:2 with ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
We sought to estimate levels of risk for stillbirth subtypes associated with twin gestations among pediatric mothers (10-14 years). Analysis was on twin pregnancies covering the period 1989 to 2000 in the United States. We classified stillbirth as term, preterm, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) or preterm-SGA. We then assessed the risks of ...
Okafor U H - - 2006
There is paucity of data on the risk factors associated with congenital malaria in Nigeria. This study assessed the risk factors for congenital malaria in a population of neonates delivered at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South Eastern Nigeria. It was a prospective cross-sectional study of neonates who ...
Riccetto Adriana Gut Lopes - - 2006
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the main causes of acute lower respiratory tract infections worldwide. We examined the incidence and associated risks for RSV infection in infants hospitalized in two university hospitals in the state of São Paulo. We made a prospective cohort study involving 152 infants hospitalized ...
Maimburg R D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal conditions during pregnancy and birth have been suggested as a cause of infantile autism. We have studied the association between obstetric factors and infantile autism. METHOD: A population-based, matched case-control study of infantile autism. Conditional logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals ...
Jump Vonda K - - 2006
Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among infants and young children in the developing world. This project investigated whether therapeutic infant massage could reduce diarrheal episodes and decrease overall illness of infants. Infants living in 2 orphanages in Quito, Ecuador, were matched by age and randomly assigned to ...
Gillespie Julie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Wheezing in infancy is common and is associated with small lungs, viral respiratory tract infection, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. Recently, increased levels of endotoxin in the domestic environment have also been associated with infant wheezing, particularly among infants with a family history of atopic disease. OBJECTIVE: To explore ...
Latzin Philipp P Department of Pediatrics, University of Berne Inselspital, 3010 Bern, - - 2006
Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) is a well-known marker of established airway inflammation in asthma. Its role in the disease process before the onset of respiratory symptoms remains unclear. To examine whether elevated NO in newborns with clinically naive airways is associated with subsequent respiratory symptoms in infancy. We measured exhaled ...
Clements Karen M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The Individual with Disabilities Education Act mandates Early Intervention (EI) services for infants and toddlers with developmental delay. We assessed the percentage of infants at risk for developmental delay due to characteristics present at birth who were referred to Massachusetts EI within 1 year of birth, evaluated for eligibility, ...
Nicholson Wanda K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between race and cesarean delivery, episiotomy, and low birth weight infants in pregnancies with type 2 and gestational diabetes mellitus and to identify factors that might explain racial differences. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of 1999-2004 Maryland hospital discharge data. Hospitalizations for delivery of pregnancies with ...
van Rheenen Patrick F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cheap and effective interventions are needed to reduce the risk of infant anaemia in developing countries. Delayed cord clamping (DCC) has been shown to be a simple, safe and cost-free delivery procedure that augments red cell mass in appropriate-for-gestational-age term and preterm infants. It is not known, however, whether ...
Heiber Michael - - 2006
To examine the effect of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) on visits to a community hospital emergency department (ED) during the early stage of the Toronto outbreak in 2003 and for the same period in 2004. We focused on visits for respiratory illness (SARS-like symptoms) and different age groups. This ...
Pau David A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: 17-Hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), an intermediary hormone in cortisol synthesis, has been shown to be elevated in premature infants. However, the relationship between levels of 17-OHP with chronic lung disease (CLD) have not been extensively explored. The objective of this study was to determine whether there is an association between CLD ...
Dalberg Kristina - - 2006
Data on birth outcome and offspring health after the appearance of breast cancer are limited. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of adverse birth outcomes in women previously treated for invasive breast cancer compared with the general population of mothers. Of all 2,870,932 singleton births registered ...
Mercer Alex - - 2006
Neonatal deaths account for about half of all deaths among children under 5 years of age in Bangladesh, making prevention a major priority. This paper reports on a study of neonatal deaths in 12 areas of Bangladesh served by a large NGO programme, which had high coverage of reproductive health ...
Kao L S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between hyperglycemia and mortality and late-onset infections (>72 h) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort study of 201 ELBW infants who survived greater than 3 days after birth. Mean morning ...
Blanco C L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the incidence, correlates and subsequent morbidities of hyperglycemia, a highly prevalent condition in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review of 169 infants with birth weight (BW)<1000 g was conducted. Hyperglycemia was defined as plasma glucose level > or =150 mg/dl ...
Kolibianakis E M - - 2006
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to answer the following clinical question: among patients treated for IVF with gonadotrophins and GnRH analogues, is the probability of live birth per randomized patient dependent on the type of analogue used? Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), published as a full manuscript ...
Chodick Gabriel - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the agreement between contemporaneously recorded and subsequently recalled time spent outdoors during 1 week among members of an occupational cohort. METHODS: One hundred twenty-five radiologic technologists from northern and southern geographic areas in the United States recorded time spent outdoors for ...
Oberlander Tim F - - 2006
CONTEXT: Prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants and maternal depression both alter neonatal health, and distinguishing the effects of each influence remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to SSRIs and depression differs from exposure to maternal depression alone. DESIGN: Using population health data, records of neonatal ...
Evans N - - 2007
To identify antenatal and perinatal risk factors for in-hospital mortality of babies born within the Australian and New Zealand Neonatal Network (ANZNN). Data were collected prospectively as part of the ongoing audit of high-risk infants (birth weight <1500 g or gestation <32 weeks) admitted to all level III neonatal units ...
Gilbreath Susan - - 2006
This retrospective cohort study evaluated adverse birth outcomes in infants whose birth records indicated maternal residence in villages containing dumpsites potentially hazardous to health and environment. Birth records from 1997 to 2001 identified 10,073 eligible infants born to mothers in 197 Alaska Native villages. Outcomes included low or very low ...
Kristensen Sibylle - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether early mortality (first year of life) risks among small for gestational age (SGA) neonates were similar regardless of SGA subtype based on three chronological classifications (term, preterm and post-term). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study on all singleton live births in the United States from 1995 to ...
Podvin Danise - - 2006
Our objective was to investigate the association of childhood leukaemia with selected maternal and birth characteristics by conducting a population-based case-control study using linked cancer registry and birth certificate records for Washington State. We compared maternal and infant characteristics of 595 Washington-born residents <20 years old with leukaemia diagnosed during ...
Arad Ilan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal transport, rather than neonatal transport, to tertiary care centers is generally advocated. Since a substantial number of premature deliveries still occur in hospitals with level I and level II nurseries, it is imperative to find means to improve their outcome. OBJECTIVES: To compare the neonatal outcome (survival, intraventricular ...
Morken Nils-Halvdan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess whether deviations from normal fetal growth are associated with spontaneous preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based study was performed, using Swedish Medical Birth Register data from 1991 through 2001. The total population comprised 1,007,648 singleton births. Intrauterine-derived growth standards were used to identify ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the risk of hypospadias after reported exposure to loratadine and other antihistamines during pregnancy, based on data from the Danish National Birth Cohort. We examined the risk of hypospadias in a nested case-control design based on women enrolled in the Danish National ...
Allegaert K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To document maturational changes of the in vivo activity of CYP3A4 in the first months of life. METHODS: The contribution of tramadol (M), O-demethyl tramadol (M1, CYP2D6-mediated) and N-demethyl tramadol (M2, CYP3A4-mediated) to the overall elimination of tramadol and the log M/M2 was assessed in 24-hour urine collections during ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To construct and validate a model and derive a simple rule that is usable in any birth location for the prediction of outcome of term infants with severe asphyxia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Regional outborn neonatal intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: Infants with postintrapartum asphyxial hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (n = ...
Ruijne N - - 2006
Vaccine trials with infants enrolled between 6 and 10 weeks of age (young infants) and 6 and 8 months of age (older infants) provided an opportunity to evaluate immunoglobulin G (IgG) isotype distribution and avidity maturation as indicators of antibody function and immunologic memory. Following vaccination with a strain-specific outer ...
Macete Eusebio - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to deploy and develop new control tools that will reduce the intolerable burden of malaria. Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) has the potential to become an effective tool for malaria control. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) treatment ...
Shinwell E S - - 2007
To study the association between reduced use of postnatal steroids for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants and oxygen (O(2))-dependency at 28 days of age and at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. Large national database study. The Israel National VLBW Neonatal Database. The sample included infants born between ...
Resch Bernhard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transient periventricular echodensities (PVE) in preterm infants affect neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the duration and grading of PVE with neurodevelopmental outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre cohort study of infants with PVE diagnosed by ultrasonography from 1995 to 2000 with blinded grading and recognition of duration of ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids remains uncertain. Our aim was to establish whether repeat prenatal corticosteroids given to women at risk of preterm birth can reduce neonatal morbidity without harm. METHODS: In this hospital-based study, 982 women who remained at risk of preterm birth ...
Bokodi G - - 2007
Data support the role of interferon (IFN)gamma and interleukin (IL)12 in perinatal complications. IFNgamma T(+874)A and IL12 p40 promoter CTCTAA/GC polymorphisms may have an effect on cytokine production. DNA was extracted from dried blood samples of 153 low birthweight (LBW) infants and 172 healthy term infants. IFNgamma and IL12 genetic ...
Markov P V - - 2007
Official statistics routinely underestimate mortality from specific microorganisms and deaths are assigned to non-specific syndromes. Here we estimate mortality attributed to specific pathogens by modelling non-specific infant deaths from laboratory reports and codes on death certificates for these pathogens, 1993-2000 in England and Wales using a generalized linear model. In ...
Zhu Motao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between maternal nativity and congenital malformations among Hispanics living in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between maternal nativity and various congenital malformations among singleton live-births born to Hispanic women in New York from 1993 to ...
Peterson J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine accuracy of the 7-8-9 Rule in a cohort of neonates. STUDY DESIGN: This study was cross-sectional in design. Seventy-five consecutive neonates who required oral intubation from June 2004 to November 2004 for cardiopulmonary failure, respiratory distress, or surfactant administration were the subjects of this study. The initial ...
Altcheh Jaime - - 2006
The reactivity values of Toxoplasma gondii ROP2, GRA4, and GRA7 recombinant antigens (rAgs) were analyzed by immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 23 congenitally infected (I) and 36 noninfected (NI) infants. The reactivity values observed from the serum samples of I versus NI infants for each recombinant protein ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of inequity in maternal and fetal health. We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income). METHODS: In Quebec, the ...
Getahun Darios - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine temporal changes in stillbirth, neonatal and infant mortality rates among triplet births in the US, and to assess the contributions of triplet delivery at < 34 weeks to these changes. STUDY DESIGN: Data on triplet live births, and fetal and infant ...
Were F N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High risk newborns such as the Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) require long term follow up to ascertain their subsequent survival and quality of life (based on neurological intactness). Though such data is now standard in the developed world, little is known in published literature about the situation in ...
Phibbs Stephanie L - - 2006
Clinic-based immunization rates are used to evaluate clinic performance and immunization interventions, but they typically exclude so-called inactive patients (ie, those who no longer receive care at the clinic). We assessed the effect of enhanced ascertainment of inactive patients on clinic-based immunization rates and on the conclusions of a randomized ...
Towner Dena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess outcomes in unselected women with maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (MShCG) 2.0 MoM or greater. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational cohort study of 309 women with MShCG 2 MoM or greater and 309 women of the same age and ethnicity with MShCG ...
Vuilleumier Nicolas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pharmacogenetic tests such as N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) genotyping are useful in identifying patients prone to antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity in a cosmopolite population. METHODS: In a prospective study we genotyped 89 patients treated with isoniazid (INH) for latent tuberculosis. INH-induced hepatitis (INH-H) ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
We describe an approach to quantify birthweight discordance in quadruplets and assessed its potential use in predicting infant mortality. Retrospective cohort study on quadruplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 2000 inclusive. The main outcome measures were infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality. A total of 2692 quadruplet live ...
Ferree Patrick M - - 2006
Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is a reproductive sterility found in arthropods that is caused by the endoparasitic bacteria Wolbachia. In CI, host progeny fail to develop during early embryogenesis if Wolbachia-infected males fertilize uninfected females. It is widely accepted that this lethality is caused by some unknown Wolbachia-induced modification of the ...
Poehling Katherine A KA Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-2504, USA. - - 2006
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a serious infection in young infants. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was licensed in 2000 and recommended for all children aged 2 to 23 months. To determine the rates of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in young infants before and after PCV7 was incorporated into the childhood ...
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