Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1377
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Resch Bernhard - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transient periventricular echodensities (PVE) in preterm infants affect neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the duration and grading of PVE with neurodevelopmental outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, single-centre cohort study of infants with PVE diagnosed by ultrasonography from 1995 to 2000 with blinded grading and recognition of duration of ...
Crowther Caroline A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids remains uncertain. Our aim was to establish whether repeat prenatal corticosteroids given to women at risk of preterm birth can reduce neonatal morbidity without harm. METHODS: In this hospital-based study, 982 women who remained at risk of preterm birth ...
Bokodi G - - 2007
Data support the role of interferon (IFN)gamma and interleukin (IL)12 in perinatal complications. IFNgamma T(+874)A and IL12 p40 promoter CTCTAA/GC polymorphisms may have an effect on cytokine production. DNA was extracted from dried blood samples of 153 low birthweight (LBW) infants and 172 healthy term infants. IFNgamma and IL12 genetic ...
Markov P V - - 2007
Official statistics routinely underestimate mortality from specific microorganisms and deaths are assigned to non-specific syndromes. Here we estimate mortality attributed to specific pathogens by modelling non-specific infant deaths from laboratory reports and codes on death certificates for these pathogens, 1993-2000 in England and Wales using a generalized linear model. In ...
Zhu Motao - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between maternal nativity and congenital malformations among Hispanics living in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between maternal nativity and various congenital malformations among singleton live-births born to Hispanic women in New York from 1993 to ...
Peterson J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine accuracy of the 7-8-9 Rule in a cohort of neonates. STUDY DESIGN: This study was cross-sectional in design. Seventy-five consecutive neonates who required oral intubation from June 2004 to November 2004 for cardiopulmonary failure, respiratory distress, or surfactant administration were the subjects of this study. The initial ...
Altcheh Jaime - - 2006
The reactivity values of Toxoplasma gondii ROP2, GRA4, and GRA7 recombinant antigens (rAgs) were analyzed by immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 23 congenitally infected (I) and 36 noninfected (NI) infants. The reactivity values observed from the serum samples of I versus NI infants for each recombinant protein ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Maternal socioeconomic status (SES) is an important determinant of inequity in maternal and fetal health. We sought to determine the extent to which associations between adverse birth outcomes and SES can be identified using individual-level measures (maternal level of education) and community-level measures (neighbourhood income). METHODS: In Quebec, the ...
Getahun Darios - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine temporal changes in stillbirth, neonatal and infant mortality rates among triplet births in the US, and to assess the contributions of triplet delivery at < 34 weeks to these changes. STUDY DESIGN: Data on triplet live births, and fetal and infant ...
Were F N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: High risk newborns such as the Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) require long term follow up to ascertain their subsequent survival and quality of life (based on neurological intactness). Though such data is now standard in the developed world, little is known in published literature about the situation in ...
Phibbs Stephanie L - - 2006
Clinic-based immunization rates are used to evaluate clinic performance and immunization interventions, but they typically exclude so-called inactive patients (ie, those who no longer receive care at the clinic). We assessed the effect of enhanced ascertainment of inactive patients on clinic-based immunization rates and on the conclusions of a randomized ...
Towner Dena - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess outcomes in unselected women with maternal serum human chorionic gonadotropin (MShCG) 2.0 MoM or greater. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational cohort study of 309 women with MShCG 2 MoM or greater and 309 women of the same age and ethnicity with MShCG ...
Vuilleumier Nicolas - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pharmacogenetic tests such as N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) genotyping are useful in identifying patients prone to antituberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity in a cosmopolite population. METHODS: In a prospective study we genotyped 89 patients treated with isoniazid (INH) for latent tuberculosis. INH-induced hepatitis (INH-H) ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
We describe an approach to quantify birthweight discordance in quadruplets and assessed its potential use in predicting infant mortality. Retrospective cohort study on quadruplets delivered in the United States from 1995 through 2000 inclusive. The main outcome measures were infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality. A total of 2692 quadruplet live ...
Ferree Patrick M - - 2006
Cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) is a reproductive sterility found in arthropods that is caused by the endoparasitic bacteria Wolbachia. In CI, host progeny fail to develop during early embryogenesis if Wolbachia-infected males fertilize uninfected females. It is widely accepted that this lethality is caused by some unknown Wolbachia-induced modification of the ...
Poehling Katherine A - - 2006
CONTEXT: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a serious infection in young infants. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was licensed in 2000 and recommended for all children aged 2 to 23 months. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in young infants before and after PCV7 was incorporated into ...
Slater Rebeccah R The London Pain Consortium, Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Despite the recent increase in our understanding of the development of pain processing, it is still not known whether premature infants are capable of processing pain at a cortical level. In this study, changes in cerebral oxygenation over the somatosensory cortex were measured in response to noxious stimulation using real-time ...
Adappa R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To measure perinatal and infant autopsy rate in Wales over a 10-year period and study factors influencing the decision to perform an autopsy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of data from the All Wales Perinatal Survey. METHODS: Autopsy rates were calculated over a 10-year period (1994-2003), and reasons for not ...
Wen Shi Wu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety of the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 972 pregnant women who had been given at least 1 selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor prescription in the year before ...
Lim Y - - 2006
Computer integrated-patient controlled epidural analgesia (CI-PCEA) is a novel drug delivery system. It automatically titrates the background infusion rate based on the individual parturient's need. In this randomised trial, we compared the local anaesthetic consumption by parturients using CI-PCEA with demand only patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for labour analgesia. ...
Cheng Yvonne W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of persistent occiput posterior position on neonatal outcome. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 31,392 term, cephalic, singleton births. Women with neonates born in persistent occiput posterior position at delivery were compared to those with occiput anterior position. Women with occiput transverse position ...
Lotgering Frederik K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To estimate benefits and risks of transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in women with cervical insufficiency in whom transvaginal cerclage is considered surgically unfeasible. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study with historical controls of 101 pregnancies after transabdominal cervicoisthmic cerclage in 101 women with a classic history of cervical insufficiency ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2006
The placental enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 (11beta-HSD2) transforms maternal cortisol to inactive cortisone. Fetal glucocorticoid excess due to reduced 11beta-HSD2 activity could make small preterm infants susceptible to early adrenal insufficiency when the maternal cortisol source is no longer sustained. We assessed whether placental 11beta-HSD2 activity is related to early adrenal ...
Onwude J L - - 2006
The aim of this study was to assess the recurrent risk of an unexplained stillbirth at term. A total of 75 women who delivered stillbirths were matched for maternal age and parity with 75 controls. After excluding explained stillbirths, matched cases and controls were compared for maternal age, length of ...
Soucie Jennifer E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the gestational age with the lowest morbidity and mortality rates for twin pregnancies that reach term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study carried out with 60,443 twin pairs from the United States (1995-1997). Analysis was restricted to pregnancies that had reached ...
Leung W C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of birth trauma and birth asphyxia related to instrumental deliveries in our obstetric unit was high (2.8%) in 1998-1999. A study was performed in 2000 to identify the risk factors. Unexpectedly, the incidence (0.6%) was reduced significantly during the study period. We attributed this phenomenon to the ...
Croteau Agathe - - 2006
We undertook a case-control study to evaluate whether some occupational conditions during pregnancy increase the risk of delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant and whether taking measures to eliminate these conditions decreases that risk. The 1536 cases and 4441 controls were selected from 43898 women who had single live births between ...
Chen X K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and infant mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Birth and infant death registration dataset of the USA. POPULATION: A total of 17,432,987 eligible, liveborn singleton births in 1995-2000. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regression was applied to evaluate the association between PIH and ...
San Miguel Lucía García - - 2006
Candidemia is an important problem in pediatrics. In our hospital, highest candidemia rates were documented among children with congenital heart disease (CHD). A series was conducted to describe the clinical and mortality features of candidemia in these patients. Fifty-two cases (1988-2000) included very young infants (median age, 2 months) who ...
Perez-Ruixo Juan Jose - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of CYP2D6 genotype on the pharmacokinetics of tipifarnib. METHODS: A total of 268 subjects included in six clinical trials were treated orally with tablet formulation of tipifarnib, as a single dose or as multiple b.i.d. doses (range 50-600 mg), and/or intravenously following 1, 2, and 24 ...
von Ehrenstein O S - - 2006
Between 2001 and 2003, the authors studied pregnancy outcomes and infant mortality among 202 married women in West Bengal, India. Reproductive histories were ascertained using structured interviews. Arsenic exposure during each pregnancy, including all water sources used, was assessed; this involved measurements from 409 wells. Odds ratios for spontaneous abortion, ...
Troe Ernst-Jan W M - - 2006
We examined ethnic differences in infant mortality and the contribution of several explanatory variables. Data of Statistics Netherlands from 1995 to 2000 were studied (1,178,949 live borns). Proportional hazard analysis was used to show ethnic differences in total and cause-specific infant mortality. Obstetric, demographic and -geographical variables, and socio-economic status ...
Hoehn T - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The role of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in the treatment of severe hypoxemic respiratory failure of term neonates has been firmly established in several randomized trials. In contrast, the use of iNO in premature newborns has remained controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of five published randomized controlled trials involving ...
Gibson Catherine S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between inherited cytokine polymorphisms and cerebral palsy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a case-control study that used DNA from the newborn infant screening cards of 443 white infants with cerebral palsy and 883 white control infants to test for the following ...
Baxter Amy L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of procedural techniques, local anesthetic use, and postgraduate training level on lumbar puncture (LP) success rates. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, medical students and residents ("trainees") reported techniques used for infant LPs in an urban teaching emergency department. Data on postgraduate year, patient position, ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2006
Our aim was to determine whether a longer duration of full breastfeeding in early infancy acts positively upon health outcomes. Women participating in a birth cohort study in Perth, Australia were followed-up at regular intervals to 52 weeks. Infant feeding, socio-demographic and health-related data were collected. Infants fully breastfed for ...
Ashwood Patricia J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Do repeat prenatal corticosteroids suppress neonatal cortisol concentrations? STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial of women given weekly repeat corticosteroids or saline placebo, while at risk of preterm birth, until 32 weeks' gestation. RESULTS: Cord serum cortisol concentrations in infants exposed to repeat corticosteroids were similar compared with infants exposed ...
McLearn Kathryn Taaffe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal depressive symptoms, reported when infants are 2 to 4 months old, are associated with mothers' early parenting practices. DESIGN: Secondary data analyses collected from the National Evaluation of Healthy Steps for Young Children. Data sources included newborn enrollment questionnaires and parent interviews when infants were ...
Futrakul S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in asphyxiated newborn infants. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study of 17,706 newborns, who were admitted to the Neonatal Unit of King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, from July 1999 till the end of December 2000. 84 infants with perinatal asphyxia were ...
Paul D A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there are any racial differences in the prenatal care of mothers delivering very low birth weight infants (VLBW). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants cared for at a single regional level III neonatal intensive care unit over a 9-year period, July 1993-June 2002, N = ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The risk of adverse foetal outcomes was investigated in offspring to men with coeliac disease (CD) diagnosed prior to infant birth and in offspring to men who did not receive a diagnosis of CD until after the delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cohort study was based on national registry ...
Páll Gabriella - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status and preventive care is an important issue in public health practice in Hungary. Our aim was to investigate the association between the socioeconomic status and the present practice of primary allergy prevention in infant feeding in Hajdú-Bihar County, Hungary. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey ...
Luke Barbara - - 2006
The purpose of this prospective cohort study of twins and triplets was to evaluate perinatal and early childhood outcomes through 18 months of age. The study population included 141 twin pregnancies (282 twin children) and 8 triplet pregnancies (24 triplet children) recruited between May, 1996 and June, 2001. Mothers of ...
Abdel-Latif M E - - 2006
Patients living in rural areas may be at a disadvantage in accessing tertiary health care. To test the hypothesis that very premature infants born to mothers residing in rural areas have poorer outcomes than those residing in urban areas in the state of New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian ...
Dorling J - - 2006
AIMS: 1. To determine the survival and morbidity of infants at discharge with a birthweight of less than 1500 g in the geographically defined population of East Anglia. 2. To demonstrate a cost-effective method of regional data collection. 3. To determine whether there were any changes in the demand for ...
Jedrychowski Wiesław - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Recent research has suggested that the protective effect of natural infections may be due to their influence on the development of the immune system in early life. The purpose of the study was to determine whether maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy is a risk factor for wheezing and ...
Hoehner Christine - - 2006
AIM: To determine if risk of adverse neonatal outcomes among term breech infants delivered by cesarean section differs by volume of such births at the delivering hospital. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using Missouri linked birth and death certificate files. The study population included 10,106 singleton, term, normal ...
Bakr Ahmad F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We studied the contribution of elective delivery to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in term babies born at high altitude. METHODS: We prospectively studied the charts of term babies born in Taif Maternity Hospital (1640 m above sea level) between 1/1/2004 and 31/10/2004 who developed RDS and required mechanical ...
Pedersen Lars - - 2006
To examine the risk of hypospadias after exposure to loratadine and other antihistamines during pregnancy, we conducted a population-based case-control study in four Danish counties, which account for 30% of the Danish population (approximately 1.6 M). We obtained data on maternal use of antihistamines from prescription databases, and data on ...
Chong Jin Ho - - 2006
AIMS: Previous studies reported an increasing temporal trend of hypospadias and a significant association with poor intrauterine growth. It remains unclear whether the association relates to birth weight, degree of prematurity or intra-uterine growth. The objective was to study the incidence of hypospadias and to examine the association with various ...
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