Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1405
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Pasquier Jean-Charles - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal leukocytosis in women admitted after preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) and the neurodevelopmental outcomes of their infants at two years of age. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of women with PPROM occurring between 24 weeks and 33 weeks and 6 days ...
Agarwal R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate impact of simple interventions on neonatal mortality in a low-resource teaching hospital in India. STUDY DESIGN: Before-and-after intervention trial setting: limited resource teaching hospital; DESIGN: Before and after study. INTERVENTIONS: A package of simple interventions was evolved. The interventions included: rational admissions and early discharge, entrusting mothers ...
Arad Ilan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Early studies have identified severe cranial bruising as a risk factor for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants but the nature of this association has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To identify antenatal predictors and associations with neonatal outcome of bruised extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: A cohort study ...
Fullerton Kathleen E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter is an important cause of foodborne illness in infants (younger than 1 year of age), but little is known about the sources of infection in this age group. METHODS: Eight sites in the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) participated in a 24-month population-based case-control study conducted in ...
Precht Dorthe Hansen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To estimate the association between severe maternal life events and infants small for gestational age at different gestational ages at birth. METHODS: From 1980 to 1992 all women exposed to severe life events such as death or first hospitalization for cancer or acute myocardial infarction in partners or children ...
Corchia Carlo - - 2007
AIM: A number of social and health aspects in Italy show remarkable geographic dishomogeneity. We investigated if this phenomenon involves the outcome of very low birth-weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: This is a multi-centre nation-based survey among all Italian NICUs. The number of VLBWI admitted to each NICU in 2001 by ...
Kono Yumi - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate factors affecting survival and long-term outcome of extremely premature infants and to determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) status is an additional risk factor. METHODS: Survival was analyzed in 193 infants born between 23 and 27 weeks of gestational age (GA) and compared between SGA (n=43) ...
Bartels Dorothee B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Regionalised perinatal care with antenatal transfer of high risk pregnancies to Level III centres is beneficial. However, levels of care are usually not linked to caseload requirements, which remain a point for discussion. We aimed to investigate the impact of annual delivery volume on early neonatal mortality among very ...
Mumghamba Elifuraha G S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The study examined the relationship between oral health status (periodontal disease and carious pulpal exposure (CPE)) and preterm low-birth-weight (PTLBW) infant deliveries among Tanzanian-African mothers at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted, involving 373 postpartum mothers aged 14-44 years (PTLBW--150 cases) and at ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of multimicronutrient supplementation for undernourished pregnant women on the birth size of their offspring, incidence of low-birth-weight infants (<2500 g), and early neonatal morbidity. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred pregnant women (of 13 465 approached) with a body ...
Smith Graeme N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in perinatal medicine, the incidence of preterm birth continues to increase. The primary goal of tocolytic therapy is to reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. While studies have demonstrated a prolongation of pregnancy, no tocolytic has been shown to improve neonatal outcomes. The objective of this randomized placebo-controlled ...
Fukami Tatsuya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the obstetrical risk factors for death and brain injury among extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants (birth weight <1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 121 ELBW infants born at a single tertiary perinatal center. Death among ELBW infants was considered to have occurred when subjects died within their corrected ...
Loetscher Katharina C Quack - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of ethnic-cultural background and maternal body size on pregnancy outcomes in infants born at term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of 1,432 pregnant women who delivered a live newborn at term between 1999 and 2003 provided the data for the following study. We performed multivariable ...
Maggio Luca - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Early provision of protein has been shown to limit catabolism and could improve growth. Our objective was to determine whether early aggressive protein intake improved growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ELBW infants were included in the study if they had no major ...
Lucia Bergmann Renate - - 2007
We compared growth of infants whose mothers either did or did not receive docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements during pregnancy and lactation. At 21 weeks' gestation, 144 women were enrolled into a randomized, double-blind clinical trial receiving: (1) a basic supplement consisting of vitamins and minerals (BS), or (2) BS plus ...
Collin Simon M - - 2007
Reducing maternal mortality is a key goal of international development. Our objective was to determine the potential impact on maternal mortality across sub-Saharan Africa of a combination of dietary supplementation and presumptive treatment of infection during pregnancy. Our aim was to demonstrate the importance of antenatal interventions in the fight ...
Karamagi Charles A S - - 2007
Although recent studies suggest that there is an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. It is against this background that as a secondary objective, we set out to explore whether an association exists between intimate partner violence and illness in infants. We ...
Crowther C A - - 2007
It is not clear whether there is benefit in repeating the dose of prenatal corticosteroids for women who remain at risk of preterm birth after an initial course. To assess the effectiveness and safety of a repeat dose(s) of prenatal corticosteroids. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials ...
Doyle L W - - 2007
Epidemiological and basic science evidence suggests that magnesium sulphate before birth may be neuroprotective for the fetus. To assess the effectiveness and safety of magnesium sulphate as a neuroprotective agent when given to women considered at risk of preterm birth. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register ...
Shah S S - - 2007
Chronic lung disease (CLD) remains a serious and common problem among very low birth weight infants despite the use of antenatal steroids and postnatal surfactant therapy to decrease the incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome. Due to their anti-inflammatory properties, corticosteroids have been widely used to treat or prevent ...
Clerihew L - - 2007
Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Early diagnosis is difficult, and treatment is often delayed. The available data are insufficient to conclude that topical/oral prophylaxis (usually nystatin and/or miconazole) prevents invasive fungal infection or mortality in very low birth ...
Moore E R - - 2007
Mother-infant separation postbirth is common in Western culture. Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and involves placing the naked baby, covered across the back with a warm blanket, prone on the mother's bare chest. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neurobehaviors ...
Shah V - - 2007
Chronic lung disease remains a common complication among preterm infants. There is increasing evidence that inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of CLD. Due to their strong anti-inflammatory properties, corticosteroids are an attractive intervention strategy. However, there are growing concerns regarding short and long-term effects of systemic corticosteroids. ...
Jacobs S - - 2007
Newborn animal studies and pilot studies in humans suggest that mild hypothermia following peripartum hypoxia-ischaemia in newborn infants may reduce neurological sequelae without adverse effects. To determine the effect of therapeutic hypothermia in encephalopathic asphyxiated newborn infants on mortality, long-term neurodevelopmental disability and clinically important side effects. The standard search ...
Vemgal P - - 2007
Non-oliguric hyperkalaemia of the newborn is defined as a plasma potassium level > 6.5 mmol/L in the absence of acute renal failure. Hyperkalaemia is a common complication in the first 48 hours of life in very low birth weight (birth weight < 1500 g) and/or very preterm newborns (< 32 ...
Subhedar N V - - 2007
Systemic hypotension is a relatively common complication of preterm birth and is associated with periventricular haemmorhage, periventricular white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Corticosteroid treatment has been used as an alternative, or an adjunct, to conventional treatment with volume expansion and vasopressor/inotropic therapy. To determine the effectiveness and safety ...
Osborn D A - - 2007
Low systemic blood flow (SBF) is common in extremely premature infants in the first day after birth and has been associated with peri / intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), mortality and developmental impairment. To determine the effect of specific inotropes on morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with low ...
Grover Z - - 2007
Endogenous glutamine biosynthesis may be insufficient to meet the needs of infants with severe gastrointestinal disease. Studies using animal models of gastrointestinal disease and controlled trials in adult patients have suggested that glutamine supplementation improves clinical outcomes. To assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials that providing supplemental glutamine reduces ...
Osborn D A - - 2007
Observational studies have shown an association between transiently low thyroid hormone levels in preterm infants in the first weeks of life (transient hypothyroxinaemia) and abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. Thyroid hormone replacement might prevent this. To determine whether prophylactic thyroid hormones given to preterm infants without congenital hypothyroidism result in clinically important ...
Schulzke S M SM Women's and Children's Health Service, Neonatology, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia, 6008. - - 2007
Lack of physical stimulation may contribute to metabolic bone disease of preterm infants resulting in poor bone mineralization and growth. Physical activity programs in the presence of adequate nutrition might help to promote bone mineralization and growth. The primary objective of this review was to assess whether physical activity programs ...
Lahr Martin B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Maternal-infant bedsharing is a common but controversial practice. Little has been published about who bedshares in the United States. This information would be useful to inform public policy, to guide clinical practice and to help focus research. The objective was to explore the prevalence and determinants of bedsharing in ...
Urayama Kevin Y - - 2007
The peak incidence of neuroblastoma during infancy suggests that certain prenatal or perinatal factors may be etiologically important. In this population-based study, California birth certificates were identified for 508 (86%) neuroblastoma cases diagnosed at less than 5 years of age between 1988 and 1997. For each case, two controls, matched ...
Karr Catherine C Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98104, WA, USA. - - 2007
Ambient air pollutant exposure has been linked to childhood respiratory disease, but infants have received little study. The authors tested the hypotheses that subchronic and chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (particulate matter < or = 2.5 microm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5)), nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and ozone increases risk ...
Marret S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether magnesium sulphate (MgSO(4)) given to women at risk of very-preterm birth would be neuroprotective in preterm newborns and would prevent neonatal mortality and severe white-matter injury (WMI). DESIGN: A randomised study. SETTING: Eighteen French tertiary hospitals. Population Women with fetuses of gestational age < 33 weeks ...
Bányász Ilona - - 2006
Low birth weight (LBW) infants have increased susceptibility to perinatal complications. An immature and impaired vascular system may possibly participate in these complications. There is evidence that supports the notion that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which is an essential regulator of embryonic angiogenesis, plays a central role in the ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2006
The intent of this study was to report on the epidemiology of hemivertebrae. Cases were derived from a population-based birth defects registry in Hawaii and comprised all infants and fetuses with hemivertebrae delivered during 1986-2002. Hemivertebrae rates per 10 000 births were determined for selected factors and comparisons made by ...
Thorngren-Jerneck Kristina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify perinatal factors associated with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: This was a case-control study based on the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and the Swedish Hospital Discharge Registry, including 2,303 infants born in Sweden 1984-1998 with a diagnosis of CP and 1.6 million infants without this diagnosis. Odds ratios ...
Szyld Edgardo G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between maternal antiretroviral regimens during pregnancy and adverse infant outcomes [low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth]. The a priori hypothesis was that protease inhibitor (PI)-containing regimens are associated with an increased risk of LBW and preterm birth. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of HIV-1-infected women ...
Hunderfund A L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the hazard of death in persons with and without amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHODS: From 1987 through 2003, persons with aMCI (n = 243) and an age- and gender-matched reference group of cognitively normal persons in Olmsted County, MN, were recruited through the Mayo Clinic Alzheimer's ...
Salvatore Silvia - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of undiagnosed celiac disease (CD) in the parents of preterm and/or small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: A sample of 1,714 parents (868 women, 846 men) of 905 preterm (<37 wk of gestational age) and/or SGA (<10th percentile ...
Koudsi Abir - - 2007
Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), a noninvasive measure of vascular stiffness, is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease both before and in overt vascular disease. Its characteristics in early life and its relationship to maternal factors have hardly been studied. To test the hypothesis that infant aPWV was positively related ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2007
Serratia marcescens is an opportunistic gram-negative rod which typically infects compromised hosts. To identify risk factors, signs, and outcomes associated with non-epidemic S marcescens bacteremia in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The records of infants with S marcescens bacteremia while in the Yale-New Haven Hospital NICU from 1980-2004 were ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scoring system for the detection of a macrosomic fetus (birth weight (BW) >or= 4000 g) and predict shoulder dystocia among large for gestational age fetuses. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively identified all singletons with accurate gestational age (GA) that were large for GA (abdominal circumference (AC) or ...
Yaju Yukari - - 2006
PURPOSE: To analyse the available data on the effectiveness and safety of ritodrine hydrochloride in delaying delivery and in decreasing the incidence of preterm birth. METHODS: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the effectiveness and safety of ritodrine hydrochloride with a placebo or with no treatment. Main ...
Kuehn Carrie M - - 2007
Hazardous waste sites often contain substances harmful to fetal development. Using linked birth-hospital discharge and hazardous sites data for Washington State, we evaluated the association between malformation occurrence and maternal residential proximity to hazardous waste sites. Cases (N=63,006) were infants born 1987-2001 with malformations. Controls (N=315,030) were randomly selected infants ...
Kelly Yvonne - - 2006
This paper examines ethnic differences in the attainment of developmental milestones during infancy and possible explanations for observed differences are investigated. Data from the first survey of the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 15,994; 8212 males, 7782 females; mean age 9.2 mo [SD 0.5]) were examined. We found that Black ...
Horn Mary H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To examine small mandibular size and preference for a hand-to-chin posture as salient characteristics in infants with a history of an apparent life-threatening event (ALTE). STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective case-control study of term infants, from birth to 6 months of age, admitted post-ALTE and matched 1:2 with ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2006
We sought to estimate levels of risk for stillbirth subtypes associated with twin gestations among pediatric mothers (10-14 years). Analysis was on twin pregnancies covering the period 1989 to 2000 in the United States. We classified stillbirth as term, preterm, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) or preterm-SGA. We then assessed the risks of ...
Okafor U H - - 2006
There is paucity of data on the risk factors associated with congenital malaria in Nigeria. This study assessed the risk factors for congenital malaria in a population of neonates delivered at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South Eastern Nigeria. It was a prospective cross-sectional study of neonates who ...
Riccetto Adriana Gut Lopes - - 2006
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the main causes of acute lower respiratory tract infections worldwide. We examined the incidence and associated risks for RSV infection in infants hospitalized in two university hospitals in the state of São Paulo. We made a prospective cohort study involving 152 infants hospitalized ...
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