Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1411
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Joseph K S - - 2007
The health care system in Canada provides essential health services to all women irrespective of socioeconomic status. Our objective was to determine whether perinatal and infant outcomes varied by family income and other socioeconomic factors in this setting. We included all 92,914 women who delivered in Nova Scotia between 1988 ...
Simpson Jill - - 2007
Data from a national case-control study are used to explore the relationships between childhood leukaemia, infant infection and three markers of infectious exposure - birth order, infant-activity group attendance and area-based deprivation. Amongst controls, clinically diagnosed infection in the first year varied little with birth order and infant-activity group attendance ...
Boo Nem-Yun NY Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2007
To compare weight gain and head growth in very-low-birthweight (VLBW, <1501 g) infants with or without exposure to short duration of skin-to-skin contact (STSC) during their stay in a neonatal intensive care unit. Stable VLBW infants were randomised into either STSC or control group. Parents of the STSC group were ...
Groom Katie M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Evidence of placental disease and poor perinatal outcome is more common in infants who are small by customized centiles, compared with population centiles. Because preterm births are more likely to be associated with placental pathology, a greater proportion of preterm births are likely to be small for gestational age ...
Bakker Marian K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In case-control studies on teratogenic risks of maternal drug use during pregnancy, the use of normal or malformed controls may lead to recall-bias or selection bias. This can be avoided by using controls with a genetic disorder. However, researchers are hesitant to use these as controls because it is ...
Faber Mieke - - 2007
The study was undertaken to determine anthropometric measurements, sociodemographic data, and dietary intake of 238 anaemic and 241 non-anaemic rural South African infants aged 6-12 months. Logistic regression with anaemia as a dependent variable showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.89 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-3.52) for low birth-weight, 2.04 ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of race and ethnicity on the use of oral beta-agonists, inhaled beta-agonists, and inhaled corticosteroids to treat respiratory symptoms in former premature infants after controlling for medical conditions, socioeconomic status, and site of outpatient care. STUDY DESIGN: Using a population cohort of infants born at ...
Pittard William B WB - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that infants experiencing the recommended number of early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) visits have better health outcomes than infants with fewer visits. STUDY DESIGN: Data represent all health encounters for Medicaid-insured infants of mothers aged at least 18 years in South Carolina, ...
Kuklina Elena V - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of maternal morbidity estimates from hospital discharge data may be influenced by incomplete identification of deliveries. In maternal/infant health studies, obstetric deliveries are often identified only by the maternal outcome of delivery code (International Classification of Diseases code = V27). We developed an enhanced delivery identification method ...
Wang I J - - 2007
Previous studies of predictors of atopic dermatitis (AD) in Asia have had limited sample size and small numbers of variables focused primarily on family history or dietary exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of various environmental risk factors for early infantile AD. We used multistage, ...
Martens Patricia J - - 2007
Full-term newborn normative weight loss and factors influencing this were determined through chart audits (n = 812) at 6 hospitals in Manitoba, Canada. The effects of parity, gestational age, birth weight, sex, length of stay, type of delivery (cesarean vs vaginal), epidural use, and type of infant feeding (exclusively breastfed, ...
Torrance Helen L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study respiratory outcome in preterm small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses with or without signs of intrauterine growth restriction due to placental insufficiency, and with or without maternal hypertension. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 187 neonates with birth weight <10(th) percentile and gestational age <34 weeks. ...
Dolan Siobhan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of birth defects on preterm birth and low birth weight. METHODS: Data from a large, prospective multi-center trial, the First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk (FASTER) Trial, were examined. All live births at more than 24 weeks of gestation with data on outcome and ...
Nelson Scott M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Serum concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) correlate with oocyte yield in assisted reproduction treatment (ART) cycles, however, performance of AMH for prediction of live birth is unknown. METHODS: A total of 340 first cycle IVF/ICSI patients (median age 34.0 years, inter-quartile range 31.0-37.0 years), had basal plasma AMH and ...
Halldorsson Th I - - 2007
The authors examined the relation between fish consumption during pregnancy and fetal growth among 44,824 women from the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). They evaluated the associations between consumption of total fish, fatty fish, and lean fish in midpregnancy and birth weight, birth length, and head circumference among singleton full-term ...
Hafeman Danella - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Manganese is a common natural contaminant of groundwater in Bangladesh. In this cross-sectional study we assessed the association between water manganese and all-cause infant mortality in the offspring of female participants in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study Cohort. METHODS: In 2001, drinking water samples were collected, a ...
Elimian Andrew - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare betamethasone with dexamethasone in terms of effectiveness in reducing perinatal morbidities and mortality among preterm infants. METHODS: We enrolled 299 women at risk for preterm delivery in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of antenatal betamethasone compared with dexamethasone at Stony Brook University Hospital from August 2002 through ...
Gagnon Anita J - - 2007
Minority women from conflict-laden areas with limited host-country knowledge are among the most vulnerable migrants. Their risk status and that of their infants is magnified during pregnancy, birth, and post-birth. We conducted a study to determine whether women's postnatal health concerns were addressed by the Canadian health system differentially based ...
Bell Michelle L ML School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA. - - 2007
Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States. We investigated maternal exposure to particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 10, < 2.5 microm (PM(10), PM(2.5)), sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ...
Hintz Susan R SR NICHD Neonatal Research Network. - - 2007
We hypothesized that inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) would not decrease death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in infants enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Preemie iNO Trial (PiNO) trial, nor improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in the follow-up group. Infants <34 weeks of age, weighing <1500 g, with ...
Barfield Wanda D - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Access to Early Intervention (EI) services may improve cognitive and behavioral outcomes in very low birth weight infants, but few states have population-based data to evaluate EI outreach efforts. We analyzed Massachusetts (MA) infants born weighing <1,200 g to identify maternal and birth characteristics that predicted EI referral and ...
Southwick K L - - 2007
We studied predictors of no prenatal care (PNC) and influence of no PNC on pregnancy outcome in a multisite study of 1071 women with syphilis in Russia. We assessed PNC utilization, HIV testing, syphilis treatment, and pregnancy outcome. We found that 37% of women with syphilis received no PNC, and ...
Zhu Motao - - 2007
To estimate the association of rear seat safety belt use with death in a traffic crash. Matched cohort study. The US during 2000 through 2004. Drivers (10,427) and rear seat passengers (15,922) in passenger vehicles that crashed and had at least one driver or rear passenger death. Data from the ...
Wu Ting - - 2007
The authors investigated whether polymorphisms in two maternal metabolic genes, cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) MspI and epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1) Tyr113His, affect the association of maternal passive smoking with infant birth weight. The study was conducted in a cohort of 1,388 newly married mothers of liveborn singletons who worked in ...
Chen X K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of pregnancy-induced hypertension on infant mortality in triplets stratified by gestational age at birth. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the linked 1995-2000 US birth/infant death database. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the observed association. RESULTS: Pregnancy-induced hypertension was associated with ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Information on the genetic counseling facility utilization by families with offspring affected by birth defects in the United States is limited. The intent of this study was to report on genetic counseling utilization in Hawaii. Cases were all infants and fetuses of any pregnancy outcome with major birth defects included ...
Rodrigues Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Short interpregnancy intervals are related to increased prevalence of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the reported association with preterm birth might be due to confounding by factors such as previous pregnancy outcomes, socioeconomic level or lifestyles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of short interpregnancy interval ...
Davey Smith George - - 2007
The authors have investigated associations between offspring size at birth and parental cardiovascular disease mortality among 12,086 mothers and 6,936 fathers of participants in the British 1958 birth cohort. Birth weight was inversely associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in both mothers and fathers. The adjusted hazard ratio of ...
Wolfe F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an important complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or its treatment, and is associated with substantially increased mortality. Reports have suggested that infliximab with or without azathioprine might lead to rapidly progressive or fatal ILD. We used an RA data bank to assess the associations ...
Diamond Ivan R - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine predictors of a false-positive (FP) result on contrast enema (CE) for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD). METHODS: Retrospective analysis, over a 5-year period (1999-2004), of infants (<6 months of age) with suspected HD undergoing rectal biopsy following abnormalities identified on CE (transition zone [TZ], abnormal rectosigmoid ...
Walsh Thomas J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of hospitalization for pyelonephritis within the first year of life among infants with and without antenatal hydronephrosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using linked birth-hospital discharge records from Washington State for 1987 to 2002 to evaluate the risk of hospitalization in the first ...
Dyke Peter C PC - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of calcium replacement therapy with morbidity and mortality in infants after cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: The cardiac intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants undergoing cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary ...
MacCabe James H JH Section of General Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2007
Affective psychosis has its peak incidence during the childbearing years, but little is known about the effects of the illness on pregnancy. We investigated risks of preterm delivery (PTD), low birthweight (LBW), births of infants small for their gestational age (SGA), stillbirth and infant death in births to mothers with ...
Iossifova Y Y YY Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0056, - - 2007
(1-3)-Beta-D-glucan is a fungal cell wall component, suspected to cause respiratory symptoms in adults. However, very little is known on the possible health effects of (1-3)-beta-D-glucan during infancy. We examined the association between (1-3)-beta-D-glucan exposure and the prevalence of allergen sensitization and wheezing during the first year of life in ...
Bartels Dorothee B DB Department of Epidemiology, Public Medicine and Healthcare Systems Research, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, OE 5410, 30625 Hannover, Germany. - - 2007
To investigate whether preterm newborns who are small for gestational age are at increased risk of nosocomial infections and necrotising enterocolitis. The German national surveillance system for nosocomial infection in very low birthweight infants uses the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria. 2918 newborns (24-28 weeks), born between ...
Brenck F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing number of caesarean sections, we investigated the influence of maternal bradycardia during general and regional anaesthesia on seven standard paediatric outcome parameters using our online recorded data. METHODS: Data from 1154 women undergoing caesarean section were investigated prospectively. Bradycardia was defined as a heart rate ...
Fawzi Wafaie W WW Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2007
Prematurity and low birth weight are associated with high perinatal and infant mortality, especially in developing countries. Maternal micronutrient deficiencies may contribute to these adverse outcomes. In a double-blind trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, we randomly assigned 8468 pregnant women (gestational age of fetus, 12 to 27 weeks) who ...
Knudtson Eric J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic endometritis (CE) that is diagnosed by endometrial biopsy is associated with preterm birth at <37 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Pathology reports for women aged 18-45 years who underwent clinically indicated endometrial biopsy between 1992 and 2002 were solicited ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to flu or fever has been associated with increased risk for neural tube defects (NTDs); however, few studies have considered the effects of medications on the effects of flu or fever. We evaluated the effect of maternal flu or fever, medication use (antibiotics, antipyretics), and their joint ...
Groom K M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe the association between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and pre-eclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH) and (2) to determine how this association changes with gestational age at delivery using customised centiles to classify infants as SGA. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: National Women's Hospital, ...
Schuh Suzanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of radiographs inconsistent with bronchiolitis in children with typical presentation of bronchiolitis and to compare rates of intended antibiotic therapy before radiography versus those given antibiotics after radiography. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study in a pediatric emergency department of 265 infants aged ...
Zaoutis Theoklis E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of candidiasis has increased in neonatal intensive care units, and invasive candidiasis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, few data exist on outcomes directly attributable to neonatal candidiasis. METHODS: We estimated the incidence of systemic candidiasis in hospitalized neonates within the United States and determined ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and adverse maternal and infant outcomes, with an emphasis on singletons. METHODS: We linked data from the US ART surveillance system with Massachusetts live birth-infant death records data for resident births in 1997-1998 and compared births conceived with ART (N = ...
Blas Magaly M - - 2007
To measure the risk of preterm delivery, premature rupture of membranes, infant low birth weight and infant mortality, by a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data. All women diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis infection (n = 851), noted with a check box on the birth certificate from ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2007
To examine the relationship of maternal employment characteristics, day care arrangements and the type of maternity leave pay to breast-feeding for at least 4 months. Cohort study. Babies aged 9 months in the Millennium Cohort Study, born between September 2000 and January 2002. A total of 6917 British/Irish white employed ...
Ameenudeen S A K M - - 2007
To determine the significant risk factors associated with development of chronic lung disease (CLD) in Malaysian very low birthweight (VLBW, < 1501g) infants. A prospective observational study was carried out at the Sarawak General Hospital (SGH) in Kuching, over a period of 29 months from 1 April 2003 to 31 ...
Chow Eric J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignancy among infants, but risk factors remain poorly understood. Because most patients present in the first few years of life, it has been hypothesized that prenatal and perinatal exposures may contribute to the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted by ...
Kistka Zachary A-F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that the risk for subsequent postterm birth is increased in women with an initial postterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a population-based cohort study of Missouri births (1989-1997) to assess the recurrence of postterm birth using the Missouri Department of Health's maternally linked database. RESULTS: ...
Slykerman Rebecca F - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine which demographic, maternal, obstetric and postnatal variables were associated with achievement of developmental milestones at the age of 12 months in term infants. Mothers and babies were enrolled in the Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study shortly after birth. All infants were full term ...
Patel Archana B AB Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Nagpur, - - 2007
To evaluate effects of gastric lavage with mother's milk starting 4 hours after birth, in hospitalized preterm newborns otherwise on exclusive parenteral fluids. Randomized controlled trial. Sick preterm babies were assigned to receive in addition to parenteral fluids, either gastric lavage with mother's milk within 4 hours of birth and ...
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