Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1388
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Wu Ting - - 2007
The authors investigated whether polymorphisms in two maternal metabolic genes, cytochrome P-450 1A1 (CYP1A1) MspI and epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1) Tyr113His, affect the association of maternal passive smoking with infant birth weight. The study was conducted in a cohort of 1,388 newly married mothers of liveborn singletons who worked in ...
Chen X K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of pregnancy-induced hypertension on infant mortality in triplets stratified by gestational age at birth. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the linked 1995-2000 US birth/infant death database. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the observed association. RESULTS: Pregnancy-induced hypertension was associated with ...
Forrester Mathias B - - 2007
Information on the genetic counseling facility utilization by families with offspring affected by birth defects in the United States is limited. The intent of this study was to report on genetic counseling utilization in Hawaii. Cases were all infants and fetuses of any pregnancy outcome with major birth defects included ...
Rodrigues Teresa - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Short interpregnancy intervals are related to increased prevalence of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the reported association with preterm birth might be due to confounding by factors such as previous pregnancy outcomes, socioeconomic level or lifestyles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of short interpregnancy interval ...
Davey Smith George - - 2007
The authors have investigated associations between offspring size at birth and parental cardiovascular disease mortality among 12,086 mothers and 6,936 fathers of participants in the British 1958 birth cohort. Birth weight was inversely associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in both mothers and fathers. The adjusted hazard ratio of ...
Wolfe F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an important complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or its treatment, and is associated with substantially increased mortality. Reports have suggested that infliximab with or without azathioprine might lead to rapidly progressive or fatal ILD. We used an RA data bank to assess the associations ...
Diamond Ivan R - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine predictors of a false-positive (FP) result on contrast enema (CE) for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HD). METHODS: Retrospective analysis, over a 5-year period (1999-2004), of infants (<6 months of age) with suspected HD undergoing rectal biopsy following abnormalities identified on CE (transition zone [TZ], abnormal rectosigmoid ...
Walsh Thomas J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of hospitalization for pyelonephritis within the first year of life among infants with and without antenatal hydronephrosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using linked birth-hospital discharge records from Washington State for 1987 to 2002 to evaluate the risk of hospitalization in the first ...
Dyke Peter C PC - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of calcium replacement therapy with morbidity and mortality in infants after cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: The cardiac intensive care unit at a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: Infants undergoing cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary ...
Iossifova Y Y - - 2007
(1-3)-Beta-D-glucan is a fungal cell wall component, suspected to cause respiratory symptoms in adults. However, very little is known on the possible health effects of (1-3)-beta-D-glucan during infancy. We examined the association between (1-3)-beta-D-glucan exposure and the prevalence of allergen sensitization and wheezing during the first year of life in ...
MacCabe James H JH Section of General Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2007
Affective psychosis has its peak incidence during the childbearing years, but little is known about the effects of the illness on pregnancy. We investigated risks of preterm delivery (PTD), low birthweight (LBW), births of infants small for their gestational age (SGA), stillbirth and infant death in births to mothers with ...
Bartels Dorothee B DB Department of Epidemiology, Public Medicine and Healthcare Systems Research, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, OE 5410, 30625 Hannover, Germany. - - 2007
To investigate whether preterm newborns who are small for gestational age are at increased risk of nosocomial infections and necrotising enterocolitis. The German national surveillance system for nosocomial infection in very low birthweight infants uses the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria. 2918 newborns (24-28 weeks), born between ...
Brenck F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing number of caesarean sections, we investigated the influence of maternal bradycardia during general and regional anaesthesia on seven standard paediatric outcome parameters using our online recorded data. METHODS: Data from 1154 women undergoing caesarean section were investigated prospectively. Bradycardia was defined as a heart rate ...
Fawzi Wafaie W - - 2007
Prematurity and low birth weight are associated with high perinatal and infant mortality, especially in developing countries. Maternal micronutrient deficiencies may contribute to these adverse outcomes. In a double-blind trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, we randomly assigned 8468 pregnant women (gestational age of fetus, 12 to 27 weeks) who ...
Knudtson Eric J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic endometritis (CE) that is diagnosed by endometrial biopsy is associated with preterm birth at <37 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Pathology reports for women aged 18-45 years who underwent clinically indicated endometrial biopsy between 1992 and 2002 were solicited ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to flu or fever has been associated with increased risk for neural tube defects (NTDs); however, few studies have considered the effects of medications on the effects of flu or fever. We evaluated the effect of maternal flu or fever, medication use (antibiotics, antipyretics), and their joint ...
Groom K M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe the association between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and pre-eclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH) and (2) to determine how this association changes with gestational age at delivery using customised centiles to classify infants as SGA. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: National Women's Hospital, ...
Schuh Suzanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of radiographs inconsistent with bronchiolitis in children with typical presentation of bronchiolitis and to compare rates of intended antibiotic therapy before radiography versus those given antibiotics after radiography. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study in a pediatric emergency department of 265 infants aged ...
Zaoutis Theoklis E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of candidiasis has increased in neonatal intensive care units, and invasive candidiasis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, few data exist on outcomes directly attributable to neonatal candidiasis. METHODS: We estimated the incidence of systemic candidiasis in hospitalized neonates within the United States and determined ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and adverse maternal and infant outcomes, with an emphasis on singletons. METHODS: We linked data from the US ART surveillance system with Massachusetts live birth-infant death records data for resident births in 1997-1998 and compared births conceived with ART (N = ...
Blas Magaly M - - 2007
To measure the risk of preterm delivery, premature rupture of membranes, infant low birth weight and infant mortality, by a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data. All women diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis infection (n = 851), noted with a check box on the birth certificate from ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2007
To examine the relationship of maternal employment characteristics, day care arrangements and the type of maternity leave pay to breast-feeding for at least 4 months. Cohort study. Babies aged 9 months in the Millennium Cohort Study, born between September 2000 and January 2002. A total of 6917 British/Irish white employed ...
Ameenudeen S A K M - - 2007
To determine the significant risk factors associated with development of chronic lung disease (CLD) in Malaysian very low birthweight (VLBW, < 1501g) infants. A prospective observational study was carried out at the Sarawak General Hospital (SGH) in Kuching, over a period of 29 months from 1 April 2003 to 31 ...
Chow Eric J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignancy among infants, but risk factors remain poorly understood. Because most patients present in the first few years of life, it has been hypothesized that prenatal and perinatal exposures may contribute to the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted by ...
Kistka Zachary A-F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that the risk for subsequent postterm birth is increased in women with an initial postterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a population-based cohort study of Missouri births (1989-1997) to assess the recurrence of postterm birth using the Missouri Department of Health's maternally linked database. RESULTS: ...
Slykerman Rebecca F - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine which demographic, maternal, obstetric and postnatal variables were associated with achievement of developmental milestones at the age of 12 months in term infants. Mothers and babies were enrolled in the Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study shortly after birth. All infants were full term ...
Patel Archana B AB Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Nagpur, - - 2007
To evaluate effects of gastric lavage with mother's milk starting 4 hours after birth, in hospitalized preterm newborns otherwise on exclusive parenteral fluids. Randomized controlled trial. Sick preterm babies were assigned to receive in addition to parenteral fluids, either gastric lavage with mother's milk within 4 hours of birth and ...
Wilson D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of systemic infection or death in preterm infants with elective percutaneous central line (PCVL) placement versus peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) placement. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 96 infants < or =1250 g or < or =30 weeks gestation were randomized by 4 days of age ...
Haiden Nadja - - 2007
We hypothesized that small volume enemas accelerate meconium evacuation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In a randomized controlled trial, VLBW infants (n = 81) received either repeated daily small volume enemas if complete spontaneous meconium passage failed within 24 h or no intervention. Small volume enemas did not ...
Fu Valeria L N - - 2007
PURPOSE: Esotropia (ET) in infancy may initially manifest as a small-angle, variable-angle, or intermittent deviation. Some patients experience spontaneous resolution and become orthophoric. Others progress to constant large-angle ET and require surgery. The authors examined factors that may be associated with risk for progression to constant large-angle ET. METHODS: Seventy-seven ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2007
Fetal growth restriction is associated with adverse perinatal outcome but is often not recognised antenatally, and low birthweight centiles based on population norms are used as a proxy instead. This study compared the association between neonatal morbidity and fetal growth status at birth as determined by customised birthweight centiles and ...
Harder Thomas - - 2007
The "small baby syndrome hypothesis" suggests that an inverse linear relation exists between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes. The authors conducted a meta-analysis to examine this association. They included studies that reported odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (or data with which to calculate them) for the ...
Draper Elizabeth S - - 2007
To explore the differences in outcome of very preterm pregnancies between two geographically defined populations in Europe with similar socioeconomic characteristics and healthcare provision but different organisational arrangements for perinatal care. Prospective cohort study. Nord Pas-de-Calais (NPC), France, and Trent, UK. All pregnancy outcomes 22(+0) to 32(+6) weeks' gestational age ...
Pasquier Jean-Charles - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal leukocytosis in women admitted after preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) and the neurodevelopmental outcomes of their infants at two years of age. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of women with PPROM occurring between 24 weeks and 33 weeks and 6 days ...
Agarwal R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate impact of simple interventions on neonatal mortality in a low-resource teaching hospital in India. STUDY DESIGN: Before-and-after intervention trial setting: limited resource teaching hospital; DESIGN: Before and after study. INTERVENTIONS: A package of simple interventions was evolved. The interventions included: rational admissions and early discharge, entrusting mothers ...
Arad Ilan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Early studies have identified severe cranial bruising as a risk factor for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants but the nature of this association has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To identify antenatal predictors and associations with neonatal outcome of bruised extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: A cohort study ...
Fullerton Kathleen E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter is an important cause of foodborne illness in infants (younger than 1 year of age), but little is known about the sources of infection in this age group. METHODS: Eight sites in the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) participated in a 24-month population-based case-control study conducted in ...
Precht Dorthe Hansen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To estimate the association between severe maternal life events and infants small for gestational age at different gestational ages at birth. METHODS: From 1980 to 1992 all women exposed to severe life events such as death or first hospitalization for cancer or acute myocardial infarction in partners or children ...
Corchia Carlo - - 2007
AIM: A number of social and health aspects in Italy show remarkable geographic dishomogeneity. We investigated if this phenomenon involves the outcome of very low birth-weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: This is a multi-centre nation-based survey among all Italian NICUs. The number of VLBWI admitted to each NICU in 2001 by ...
Kono Yumi - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate factors affecting survival and long-term outcome of extremely premature infants and to determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) status is an additional risk factor. METHODS: Survival was analyzed in 193 infants born between 23 and 27 weeks of gestational age (GA) and compared between SGA (n=43) ...
Bartels Dorothee B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Regionalised perinatal care with antenatal transfer of high risk pregnancies to Level III centres is beneficial. However, levels of care are usually not linked to caseload requirements, which remain a point for discussion. We aimed to investigate the impact of annual delivery volume on early neonatal mortality among very ...
Mumghamba Elifuraha G S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The study examined the relationship between oral health status (periodontal disease and carious pulpal exposure (CPE)) and preterm low-birth-weight (PTLBW) infant deliveries among Tanzanian-African mothers at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted, involving 373 postpartum mothers aged 14-44 years (PTLBW--150 cases) and at ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of multimicronutrient supplementation for undernourished pregnant women on the birth size of their offspring, incidence of low-birth-weight infants (<2500 g), and early neonatal morbidity. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred pregnant women (of 13 465 approached) with a body ...
Smith Graeme N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in perinatal medicine, the incidence of preterm birth continues to increase. The primary goal of tocolytic therapy is to reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. While studies have demonstrated a prolongation of pregnancy, no tocolytic has been shown to improve neonatal outcomes. The objective of this randomized placebo-controlled ...
Fukami Tatsuya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the obstetrical risk factors for death and brain injury among extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants (birth weight <1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 121 ELBW infants born at a single tertiary perinatal center. Death among ELBW infants was considered to have occurred when subjects died within their corrected ...
Loetscher Katharina C Quack - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of ethnic-cultural background and maternal body size on pregnancy outcomes in infants born at term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of 1,432 pregnant women who delivered a live newborn at term between 1999 and 2003 provided the data for the following study. We performed multivariable ...
Maggio Luca - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Early provision of protein has been shown to limit catabolism and could improve growth. Our objective was to determine whether early aggressive protein intake improved growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ELBW infants were included in the study if they had no major ...
Lucia Bergmann Renate - - 2007
We compared growth of infants whose mothers either did or did not receive docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements during pregnancy and lactation. At 21 weeks' gestation, 144 women were enrolled into a randomized, double-blind clinical trial receiving: (1) a basic supplement consisting of vitamins and minerals (BS), or (2) BS plus ...
Collin Simon M - - 2007
Reducing maternal mortality is a key goal of international development. Our objective was to determine the potential impact on maternal mortality across sub-Saharan Africa of a combination of dietary supplementation and presumptive treatment of infection during pregnancy. Our aim was to demonstrate the importance of antenatal interventions in the fight ...
Karamagi Charles A S - - 2007
Although recent studies suggest that there is an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. It is against this background that as a secondary objective, we set out to explore whether an association exists between intimate partner violence and illness in infants. We ...
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