Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1377
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Bartels Dorothee B - - 2007
To investigate whether preterm newborns who are small for gestational age are at increased risk of nosocomial infections and necrotising enterocolitis. Design, setting and subjects: The German national surveillance system for nosocomial infection in very low birthweight infants uses the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria. 2918 newborns ...
Brenck F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing number of caesarean sections, we investigated the influence of maternal bradycardia during general and regional anaesthesia on seven standard paediatric outcome parameters using our online recorded data. METHODS: Data from 1154 women undergoing caesarean section were investigated prospectively. Bradycardia was defined as a heart rate ...
Fawzi Wafaie W - - 2007
Prematurity and low birth weight are associated with high perinatal and infant mortality, especially in developing countries. Maternal micronutrient deficiencies may contribute to these adverse outcomes. In a double-blind trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, we randomly assigned 8468 pregnant women (gestational age of fetus, 12 to 27 weeks) who ...
Knudtson Eric J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic endometritis (CE) that is diagnosed by endometrial biopsy is associated with preterm birth at <37 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Pathology reports for women aged 18-45 years who underwent clinically indicated endometrial biopsy between 1992 and 2002 were solicited ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to flu or fever has been associated with increased risk for neural tube defects (NTDs); however, few studies have considered the effects of medications on the effects of flu or fever. We evaluated the effect of maternal flu or fever, medication use (antibiotics, antipyretics), and their joint ...
Groom K M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe the association between small for gestational age (SGA) infants and pre-eclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH) and (2) to determine how this association changes with gestational age at delivery using customised centiles to classify infants as SGA. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: National Women's Hospital, ...
Schuh Suzanne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of radiographs inconsistent with bronchiolitis in children with typical presentation of bronchiolitis and to compare rates of intended antibiotic therapy before radiography versus those given antibiotics after radiography. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study in a pediatric emergency department of 265 infants aged ...
Zaoutis Theoklis E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The incidence of candidiasis has increased in neonatal intensive care units, and invasive candidiasis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, few data exist on outcomes directly attributable to neonatal candidiasis. METHODS: We estimated the incidence of systemic candidiasis in hospitalized neonates within the United States and determined ...
Schieve Laura A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and adverse maternal and infant outcomes, with an emphasis on singletons. METHODS: We linked data from the US ART surveillance system with Massachusetts live birth-infant death records data for resident births in 1997-1998 and compared births conceived with ART (N = ...
Blas Magaly M - - 2007
To measure the risk of preterm delivery, premature rupture of membranes, infant low birth weight and infant mortality, by a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data. All women diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis infection (n = 851), noted with a check box on the birth certificate from ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Centre for Paediatric Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, WC1N 1EH, UK. - - 2007
To examine the relationship of maternal employment characteristics, day care arrangements and the type of maternity leave pay to breast-feeding for at least 4 months. Cohort study. Babies aged 9 months in the Millennium Cohort Study, born between September 2000 and January 2002. A total of 6917 British/Irish white employed ...
Ameenudeen S A K M - - 2007
To determine the significant risk factors associated with development of chronic lung disease (CLD) in Malaysian very low birthweight (VLBW, < 1501g) infants. A prospective observational study was carried out at the Sarawak General Hospital (SGH) in Kuching, over a period of 29 months from 1 April 2003 to 31 ...
Chow Eric J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is the most common malignancy among infants, but risk factors remain poorly understood. Because most patients present in the first few years of life, it has been hypothesized that prenatal and perinatal exposures may contribute to the pathogenesis of neuroblastoma. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted by ...
Kistka Zachary A-F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the hypothesis that the risk for subsequent postterm birth is increased in women with an initial postterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a population-based cohort study of Missouri births (1989-1997) to assess the recurrence of postterm birth using the Missouri Department of Health's maternally linked database. RESULTS: ...
Slykerman Rebecca F - - 2007
The aim of this study was to determine which demographic, maternal, obstetric and postnatal variables were associated with achievement of developmental milestones at the age of 12 months in term infants. Mothers and babies were enrolled in the Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study shortly after birth. All infants were full term ...
Patel Archana B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of gastric lavage with mother's milk starting 4 hours after birth, in hospitalized preterm newborns otherwise on exclusive parenteral fluids. METHOD: Study design: Randomized controlled trial. Sick preterm babies were assigned to receive in addition to parenteral fluids, either gastric lavage with mother's milk within 4 ...
Wilson D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of systemic infection or death in preterm infants with elective percutaneous central line (PCVL) placement versus peripheral intravenous catheter (PIV) placement. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 96 infants < or =1250 g or < or =30 weeks gestation were randomized by 4 days of age ...
Haiden Nadja - - 2007
We hypothesized that small volume enemas accelerate meconium evacuation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. In a randomized controlled trial, VLBW infants (n = 81) received either repeated daily small volume enemas if complete spontaneous meconium passage failed within 24 h or no intervention. Small volume enemas did not ...
Fu Valeria L N - - 2007
PURPOSE: Esotropia (ET) in infancy may initially manifest as a small-angle, variable-angle, or intermittent deviation. Some patients experience spontaneous resolution and become orthophoric. Others progress to constant large-angle ET and require surgery. The authors examined factors that may be associated with risk for progression to constant large-angle ET. METHODS: Seventy-seven ...
Figueras Francesc - - 2007
Fetal growth restriction is associated with adverse perinatal outcome but is often not recognised antenatally, and low birthweight centiles based on population norms are used as a proxy instead. This study compared the association between neonatal morbidity and fetal growth status at birth as determined by customised birthweight centiles and ...
Harder Thomas - - 2007
The "small baby syndrome hypothesis" suggests that an inverse linear relation exists between birth weight and risk of type 2 diabetes. The authors conducted a meta-analysis to examine this association. They included studies that reported odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (or data with which to calculate them) for the ...
Draper Elizabeth S - - 2007
To explore the differences in outcome of very preterm pregnancies between two geographically defined populations in Europe with similar socioeconomic characteristics and healthcare provision but different organisational arrangements for perinatal care. Prospective cohort study. Nord Pas-de-Calais (NPC), France, and Trent, UK. All pregnancy outcomes 22(+0) to 32(+6) weeks' gestational age ...
Pasquier Jean-Charles - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between maternal leukocytosis in women admitted after preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) and the neurodevelopmental outcomes of their infants at two years of age. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of women with PPROM occurring between 24 weeks and 33 weeks and 6 days ...
Agarwal R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate impact of simple interventions on neonatal mortality in a low-resource teaching hospital in India. STUDY DESIGN: Before-and-after intervention trial setting: limited resource teaching hospital; DESIGN: Before and after study. INTERVENTIONS: A package of simple interventions was evolved. The interventions included: rational admissions and early discharge, entrusting mothers ...
Arad Ilan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Early studies have identified severe cranial bruising as a risk factor for intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in premature infants but the nature of this association has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To identify antenatal predictors and associations with neonatal outcome of bruised extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: A cohort study ...
Fullerton Kathleen E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter is an important cause of foodborne illness in infants (younger than 1 year of age), but little is known about the sources of infection in this age group. METHODS: Eight sites in the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) participated in a 24-month population-based case-control study conducted in ...
Precht Dorthe Hansen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To estimate the association between severe maternal life events and infants small for gestational age at different gestational ages at birth. METHODS: From 1980 to 1992 all women exposed to severe life events such as death or first hospitalization for cancer or acute myocardial infarction in partners or children ...
Corchia Carlo - - 2007
AIM: A number of social and health aspects in Italy show remarkable geographic dishomogeneity. We investigated if this phenomenon involves the outcome of very low birth-weight infants (VLBWI). METHODS: This is a multi-centre nation-based survey among all Italian NICUs. The number of VLBWI admitted to each NICU in 2001 by ...
Kono Yumi - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate factors affecting survival and long-term outcome of extremely premature infants and to determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) status is an additional risk factor. METHODS: Survival was analyzed in 193 infants born between 23 and 27 weeks of gestational age (GA) and compared between SGA (n=43) ...
Bartels Dorothee B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Regionalised perinatal care with antenatal transfer of high risk pregnancies to Level III centres is beneficial. However, levels of care are usually not linked to caseload requirements, which remain a point for discussion. We aimed to investigate the impact of annual delivery volume on early neonatal mortality among very ...
Mumghamba Elifuraha G S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The study examined the relationship between oral health status (periodontal disease and carious pulpal exposure (CPE)) and preterm low-birth-weight (PTLBW) infant deliveries among Tanzanian-African mothers at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted, involving 373 postpartum mothers aged 14-44 years (PTLBW--150 cases) and at ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of multimicronutrient supplementation for undernourished pregnant women on the birth size of their offspring, incidence of low-birth-weight infants (<2500 g), and early neonatal morbidity. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred pregnant women (of 13 465 approached) with a body ...
Smith Graeme N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in perinatal medicine, the incidence of preterm birth continues to increase. The primary goal of tocolytic therapy is to reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. While studies have demonstrated a prolongation of pregnancy, no tocolytic has been shown to improve neonatal outcomes. The objective of this randomized placebo-controlled ...
Fukami Tatsuya - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the obstetrical risk factors for death and brain injury among extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants (birth weight <1000 g). STUDY DESIGN: Study subjects were 121 ELBW infants born at a single tertiary perinatal center. Death among ELBW infants was considered to have occurred when subjects died within their corrected ...
Loetscher Katharina C Quack - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of ethnic-cultural background and maternal body size on pregnancy outcomes in infants born at term. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort of 1,432 pregnant women who delivered a live newborn at term between 1999 and 2003 provided the data for the following study. We performed multivariable ...
Maggio Luca - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Early provision of protein has been shown to limit catabolism and could improve growth. Our objective was to determine whether early aggressive protein intake improved growth outcomes of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ELBW infants were included in the study if they had no major ...
Lucia Bergmann Renate - - 2007
We compared growth of infants whose mothers either did or did not receive docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements during pregnancy and lactation. At 21 weeks' gestation, 144 women were enrolled into a randomized, double-blind clinical trial receiving: (1) a basic supplement consisting of vitamins and minerals (BS), or (2) BS plus ...
Collin Simon M - - 2007
Reducing maternal mortality is a key goal of international development. Our objective was to determine the potential impact on maternal mortality across sub-Saharan Africa of a combination of dietary supplementation and presumptive treatment of infection during pregnancy. Our aim was to demonstrate the importance of antenatal interventions in the fight ...
Karamagi Charles A S - - 2007
Although recent studies suggest that there is an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. It is against this background that as a secondary objective, we set out to explore whether an association exists between intimate partner violence and illness in infants. We ...
Crowther C A - - 2007
It is not clear whether there is benefit in repeating the dose of prenatal corticosteroids for women who remain at risk of preterm birth after an initial course. To assess the effectiveness and safety of a repeat dose(s) of prenatal corticosteroids. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials ...
Doyle L W - - 2007
Epidemiological and basic science evidence suggests that magnesium sulphate before birth may be neuroprotective for the fetus. To assess the effectiveness and safety of magnesium sulphate as a neuroprotective agent when given to women considered at risk of preterm birth. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register ...
Shah S S - - 2007
Chronic lung disease (CLD) remains a serious and common problem among very low birth weight infants despite the use of antenatal steroids and postnatal surfactant therapy to decrease the incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome. Due to their anti-inflammatory properties, corticosteroids have been widely used to treat or prevent ...
Clerihew L - - 2007
Invasive fungal infection is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants. Early diagnosis is difficult, and treatment is often delayed. The available data are insufficient to conclude that topical/oral prophylaxis (usually nystatin and/or miconazole) prevents invasive fungal infection or mortality in very low birth ...
Moore E R - - 2007
Mother-infant separation postbirth is common in Western culture. Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and involves placing the naked baby, covered across the back with a warm blanket, prone on the mother's bare chest. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neurobehaviors ...
Shah V - - 2007
Chronic lung disease remains a common complication among preterm infants. There is increasing evidence that inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of CLD. Due to their strong anti-inflammatory properties, corticosteroids are an attractive intervention strategy. However, there are growing concerns regarding short and long-term effects of systemic corticosteroids. ...
Jacobs S - - 2007
Newborn animal studies and pilot studies in humans suggest that mild hypothermia following peripartum hypoxia-ischaemia in newborn infants may reduce neurological sequelae without adverse effects. To determine the effect of therapeutic hypothermia in encephalopathic asphyxiated newborn infants on mortality, long-term neurodevelopmental disability and clinically important side effects. The standard search ...
Vemgal P - - 2007
Non-oliguric hyperkalaemia of the newborn is defined as a plasma potassium level > 6.5 mmol/L in the absence of acute renal failure. Hyperkalaemia is a common complication in the first 48 hours of life in very low birth weight (birth weight < 1500 g) and/or very preterm newborns (< 32 ...
Schulzke S M - - 2007
Lack of physical stimulation may contribute to metabolic bone disease of preterm infants resulting in poor bone mineralization and growth. Physical activity programs in the presence of adequate nutrition might help to promote bone mineralization and growth. The primary objective of this review was to assess whether physical activity programs ...
Subhedar N V - - 2007
Systemic hypotension is a relatively common complication of preterm birth and is associated with periventricular haemmorhage, periventricular white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. Corticosteroid treatment has been used as an alternative, or an adjunct, to conventional treatment with volume expansion and vasopressor/inotropic therapy. To determine the effectiveness and safety ...
Osborn D A - - 2007
Low systemic blood flow (SBF) is common in extremely premature infants in the first day after birth and has been associated with peri / intraventricular haemorrhage (PIVH), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), mortality and developmental impairment. To determine the effect of specific inotropes on morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with low ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >